The International Journal
of Not-for-Profit Law

Volume 1, Issue 2, December 1998

A quarterly publication of the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law

Table of Contents

Letter from the Editor


Registration of Associations in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Indpendent States: A Survey
Rachel L. Holmes

The Case for Intermediate Sanctions
Milton Cerny

Voluntary Organizations in Europe: The European Convention on Human Rights
Erik Denters and Wino J.M. van Veen

Improving Civil Society in Hungary
Daniel Csanády

El Proyecto de Ley N. 4690/98 (Developing State - NGO Relations in Brazil)
Anna Cynthia Oliveira

NGO Legislation in Georgia
Vasha Salamadze


The Non-Profit Handbook (1997-1998 National Edition)
Reviewed by Karla Simon

Handbuch Stiftungen
Edited by Bertelsmann Stiftung

Case Notes

Trustees of Sahebzadi Oalia Kulsum Trust v Controller of Estate Duty [1998] 233 ITR 434

Revenue Commissioners v Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word

Gaudiya Mission v. Kamalaksha DAS Brahmachary

Country Reports

Asia Pacific:
Regional | Australia | China | India | Japan | Mongolia | Nepal | New Zealand | the Philippines | Thailand | Vietnam

Central and Eastern Europe:
Regional | Albania | Bosnia-Herzogovina | Bulgaria | Croatia | Czech Republic | Hungary | Latvia | Lithuania | Macedonia | Poland | Slovakia | Slovenia | Yugoslavia

Latin America and the Caribbean:
Argentina | Brazil | Ecuador | Puerto Rico | Venezuela

Middle East and North Africa:
Regional | Egypt | Jordan | Morocco

Newly Independent States:
Regional | Armenia | Azerbaijan | Belarus | Georgia | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Moldova | Russia | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Ukraine | Uzbekistan

North America:
Canada | Mexico | the United States

Sub-Saharan Africa:
Regional | Ethiopia | Mauritius | South Africa

Western Europe:
Regional | England and United Kingdom | Finland | France | Germany | Republic of Ireland | Netherlands | Northern Ireland | Sweden | Turkey

International Developments:
UNESCO | Loccum Conference | Birmingham Conference

Self-Regulation Initiatives

United States - Overview of the Bishop Estate Controversy

United States - Maryland Association of Nonprofits Adopts "The Standards of Excellence"

International Grantmaking

Options for Increasing U.S. Support for Chinese Nonprofit Organizations
Robert A. Boisture

Grantmaking by Private Foundations in the International Arena
Thomas Chomicz

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Editorial Board

Subscription Information

Previous Issues

ICNL Homepage

Country Reports: Middle East and North Africa


1. Model Law for the Arab World

The Board of Directors of the Arab Network for NGOs met in Beirut, Lebanon in December 1998 to discuss various regional activities. One of the projects adopted is the development of a new model law for NGOs for the Arab region. This project will be accomplished over the course of the next year, with the expected presentation of a draft at the October meeting of the Network in October 1999 in Cairo. Participants in the process will include Arab lawyers, policy makers, NGO leaders, etc. For further information on this process, please contact Dr. Amani Kandil, Executive Director of the Network, (202 340 8011 (tel) and 202 340 8013 (fax)).

2. World Bank Handbook on Good Practices for Laws Relating to Nongovernmental Organizations

The World Bank Handbook is now available in Arabic and can be obtained by contacting Lee Irish of the NGO Unit;


The draft law on the Registration of Associations and Community Organizations is being translated into English and will be available on ICNL’s web site soon. Further comments on the draft legislation will be made in the next issue of the Journal.


The drafting of new legislation on associations and foundations for Jordan has commenced and is expected to continue over the course of the next several months. For further information on the drafting process, please contact Dr. Abdullah El-Khatib or [tel] (962 6) 634 001 and [fax] (962 6) 659 973.


In September 1998 a conference was held in Marrakech under the auspices of the World Bank and the Minister of Justice for Morocco, Mr. Omar Azzimane, to discuss NGO relations in Morocco and more broadly in the Arab World. The conference considered questions about the regulation of NGOs and the need for a comprehensive look at the laws in the region with a view to enhancing the legal enabling environment for NGOs in the region. Efforts are underway to coordinate the outcomes of this conference with the regional efforts described in the Regional Report.


Copyright 2008 The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL)
ISSN: 1556-5157