The International Journal
of Not-for-Profit Law

Volume 1, Issue 2, December 1998

A quarterly publication of the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law

Table of Contents

Letter from the Editor


Registration of Associations in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Indpendent States: A Survey
Rachel L. Holmes

The Case for Intermediate Sanctions
Milton Cerny

Voluntary Organizations in Europe: The European Convention on Human Rights
Erik Denters and Wino J.M. van Veen

Improving Civil Society in Hungary
Daniel Csanády

El Proyecto de Ley N. 4690/98 (Developing State - NGO Relations in Brazil)
Anna Cynthia Oliveira

NGO Legislation in Georgia
Vasha Salamadze


The Non-Profit Handbook (1997-1998 National Edition)
Reviewed by Karla Simon

Handbuch Stiftungen
Edited by Bertelsmann Stiftung

Case Notes

Trustees of Sahebzadi Oalia Kulsum Trust v Controller of Estate Duty [1998] 233 ITR 434

Revenue Commissioners v Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word

Gaudiya Mission v. Kamalaksha DAS Brahmachary

Country Reports

Asia Pacific:
Regional | Australia | China | India | Japan | Mongolia | Nepal | New Zealand | the Philippines | Thailand | Vietnam

Central and Eastern Europe:
Regional | Albania | Bosnia-Herzogovina | Bulgaria | Croatia | Czech Republic | Hungary | Latvia | Lithuania | Macedonia | Poland | Slovakia | Slovenia | Yugoslavia

Latin America and the Caribbean:
Argentina | Brazil | Ecuador | Puerto Rico | Venezuela

Middle East and North Africa:
Regional | Egypt | Jordan | Morocco

Newly Independent States:
Regional | Armenia | Azerbaijan | Belarus | Georgia | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Moldova | Russia | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Ukraine | Uzbekistan

North America:
Canada | Mexico | the United States

Sub-Saharan Africa:
Regional | Ethiopia | Mauritius | South Africa

Western Europe:
Regional | England and United Kingdom | Finland | France | Germany | Republic of Ireland | Netherlands | Northern Ireland | Sweden | Turkey

International Developments:
UNESCO | Loccum Conference | Birmingham Conference

Self-Regulation Initiatives

United States - Overview of the Bishop Estate Controversy

United States - Maryland Association of Nonprofits Adopts "The Standards of Excellence"

International Grantmaking

Options for Increasing U.S. Support for Chinese Nonprofit Organizations
Robert A. Boisture

Grantmaking by Private Foundations in the International Arena
Thomas Chomicz

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Editorial Board

Subscription Information

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Maryland Association of Nonprofits Adopts "The Standards of Excellence"

By Cathy Shea

The Maryland Association of Nonprofit Organizations ("Maryland Nonprofits") recently adopted "The Standards for Excellence," voluntary guidelines for ethical conduct by nonprofit organizations. Maryland Nonprofits refers to the guidelines as a "consensus model of how a well-managed, responsibly governed" organization should operate. Maryland Nonprofits is a state-wide membership organization of more than 800 nonprofits, devoted to strengthening and improving "individual nonprofit organizations and the nonprofit sector as a whole, while also working to bolster public confidence in and support for nonprofit organizations." Maryland Nonprofits developed the Standards to promote ethical practices and accountability in the nonprofit sector and thereby raise public confidence and support for the nonprofit sector in Maryland.

Standards for Excellence is comprised of eight Guiding Principles and 55 standards. All members of Maryland Nonprofits are required to commit to the Guiding Principles, and both members and nonmembers are welcome to subscribe to the standards. The Guiding Principles address such issues as establishing a well-defined mission and ensuring program effectiveness, establishing policies to prevent conflicts of interest by staff and board members, ensuring financial and legal accountability and responsible fundraising practices, and promoting openness and accessibility. The 55 standards provide more specific direction on how to achieve these principles.

Maryland Nonprofits will provide a voluntary certification process of compliance with the Standards. It is currently testing its certification process on four organizations. In order to gain certification, an organization submits an application for certification together with extensive supporting materials. A peer review group examines their compliance, then makes a recommendation on certification to a standards review committee. Since the certification process covers all 55 detailed standards, it is anticipated that organizations undertaking certification may not necessarily meet all standards at the time of application. Maryland Nonprofits provides educational materials and training to assist nonprofits in complying with the standards, with the goal of helping organizations that wish to become certified to succeed.

For more information visit the Maryland Nonprofits web site at

Cathy Shea is a consultant to ICNL on issue related to self-governance, accountability, and self-regulation.


Copyright 2008 The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL)
ISSN: 1556-5157