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The International Journal
of Not-for-Profit Law

Volume 4, Issue 4, June 2002

A publication of the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law

Table of Contents


The Legal Framework for Civil Society in East and Southeast Asia
Barnett F. Baron

A Flaw in Comparative Studies of the Tax Benefits for NGOs in Latin America
Antonio Itriago M. and Miguel
Itriago M

The Principle of Subsidiarity in Italy: It's Meaning as a "Horizontal" Principle and It's Recent Constitutional Recognition
Andrea Maltoni

A Synopsis of Law Reform for Iranian NGOs
Zahra (Sahar) Maranlou

Tax Treatment of NPOs in Macedonia
Prof. Dr. Vesna Pendovska

Competition and Abuse of Association Membership
Assoc. Prof. Ivo Telec


Working with the Non-Profit Sector in South Africa
Working with the Non-Profit Sector in Nigeria

By the Charities Aid Foundation / Allavida
Reviewed by Karla Simon

Legal and Organizational Practices in Nonprofit Management
By Pacquale Ferraro
Reviewed by Karla Simon

Promoting Legal and Institutional Frameworks for Corporate Social Responsibility in Peru
By Javier de Belaúnde L. de R., Beatriz Parodi L., and Delia Muñoz M.
Reviewed by ICNL Staff

Social Responsibility: 12 Case Studies from Chile
by Soledad Teixido, Reinalina Chavarri, and Andrea Castro
Reviewed by ICNL Staff

Case Notes

Asia Pacific:
Hong Kong

Newly Independent States: Russia

North Africa:

North America:
Canada | United States

Sub-Saharan Africa:

Western Europe:
United Kingdom

Country Reports

FATF | World Bank

Asia Pacific:
Regional | Australia | Indonesia | Japan | New Zealand

Central and Eastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Czech Republic | Hungary | Lithuania | Macedonia | Slovakia

Latin America & The Caribbean: Chile | Peru

Middle East and North Africa: Kuwait

Newly Independent States: Armenia | Azerbaijan | Kyrgyzstan

North America:
Canada | United States

South Asia:
India | Pakistan

Sub-Saharan Africa:
Nigeria | South Africa | Tanzania

Western Europe:
Regional | Belgium | Germany | Italy | United Kingdom

- - - - - - - - - -

Editorial Board

Case Notes: Sub-Saharan Africa


Ogaden Welfare Society.*

It has been reported in IRIN that an NGO working in the Somali region of Ethiopia won the first round of a court battle to avoid closure for "threatening national security.”  The Ogaden Welfare Society (OWS) successfully challenged in court a ruling by the Ministry of Justice that it should be banned from operating in the country. The OWS has now been told that it may continue working in the drought-afflicted Somali Region until a new hearing, which will rule whether it should be closed.  A second NGO called Guardian, which also operates in Somali Region, is understood not to have challenged the decision to ban it through the courts, although it hopes to remain working.

OWS argued that it was a victim of regional politics and that its lawyers would fight the ban all the way. After the OWS lodged its appeal in April, the ministry was given 15 days to provide information on why the NGO should be closed, but no details were handed into the court.   This is in part what caused the court to rule in its favor.

The Christian Relief and Development Association (CRDA) – an umbrella organisation for NGOs - is also backing them and sent a letter on behalf of the OWS to the Ministry of Justice pleading with it to reverse its decision. The OWS employs more than 300 people, who are feeding up to 1,000 children a week. It also looks after 12,000 internally displaced people in Gunagadao, southeastern Ethiopia. A petition was handed in to the prime minister signed by 200 elders and chiefs in the region asking him to reverse the decision.

Guardian provides food to 6,000 people in Gode – an area hard hit by the 2000 famine. All NGOs operating in Ethiopia are required by law to register with the government.  Guardian – headed by Sultan Korfa, who is a member of the House of Representatives – was also hoping to retain its license to continue its work as a relief NGO.

*This item was made available through the "Africa-English" Service of the UN's IRIN humanitarian information unit.  It does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations.  For further information on this case, contact IRIN at IRIN@ocha.unon.org


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