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The International Journal
of Not-for-Profit Law

Volume 6, Issue 1, September 2003

A publication of the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law

Table of Contents

Letter from the Editor

Religion and NGOs

Introductory Letter from the Guest Editors
W. Cole Durham, Jr. and Elizabeth A. Sewell

A Bend in the Road to Civil Society: The Effect of Russian Anti-Extremism Legislation on Not-for-Profit Organizations
Brian Gross

A Practical Comparison of the Laws of Religion of Colombia and Chile
Scott E. Isaacson

Faith-Based NGOs in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mojca Leban

Refah Partisi (The Welfare Party) and Others v. Turkey
Christian Moe

The Impact of the New Czech Law on Churches
Petr Pajas

Comments on the 2002 Belarusian Law "On the Introduction of Changes and Amendments to the Law of the Republic of Belarus 'On Religious Freedom and Religious Organizations'"
Melinda R. Porter

Russian Federation Constitutional Court Decisions on Russia's 1997 Law "On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Associations"
Marina Thomas

God and Caesar: Personal Reflections on Politics and Religion
Shirley Williams

Articles

Should Foundations Exist in Perpetuity?
Robert O. Bothwell

The Prohibition of Nigerian Civil Servants From Political Activities: A Necessary Derogation from Freedom of Association
Emeka Iheme

The Charity/Business Duet: Harmony or Discord?
Andrew Phillips (Lord Phillips of Sudbury)

From Benin to Baltimore: Civil Society and Its Limits
Sally J. Scott, Ph.D.

Reviews

Global Civil Society: An Overview
By Lester M. Salamon, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, and Regina List
Reviewed by Jonathan Nelms

The Changing and Unchanging Face of U.S. Civil Society
By Marcella Ridlen Ray

Civil Society: The American Model and Third World Development
By Howard J. Wiarda

Freedom in the World 2003: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties
By Freedom House

Religion Returns to the Public Square: Faith and Policy in America
Edited by Hugh Heclo and Wilfred M. McClay

The State of Nonprofit America
Edited by Lester M. Salamon

Terrorism and Development: Using Social and Economic Development to Inhibit a Resurgence of Terrorism
By Kim Cragin and Peter Chalk

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Editorial Board

The Changing and Unchanging Face of U.S. Civil Society

By Marcella Ridlen Ray. Foreword by Francis Fukuyama.
New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 2002.
269 pp. $39.95.

Civil society is not merely a set of institutions, writes Marcella Ridlen Ray. It is also a process: "talking, meeting, reasoning, and acting together on varied matters," in a fashion that can be "spontaneous or customary, formal or informal, but ... is necessarily voluntary and autonomous."  

A senior fellow at George Mason University's School of Public Policy in Fairfax, Virginia, Ray undertakes an empirical study focusing on five elements of democratic civil society: "voluntary association, diversity of association, communication, autonomy of voluntary association, and mediation of democratic tension." She finds American civil society thriving but evolving--in particular, "more democratic and flexible than ever." By contrast to such scholars as Robert Putnam, author of the influential 1995 essay "Bowling Alone," Ray believes that Americans are still active participants in civil society. "Fortunately," she concludes, "the vulnerability of U.S. civil society is not pivotally attributable to apathy, indifference, or self-centeredness of the public. Rather, the greatest challenges it confronts--sustaining autonomy and effectively mediating conflict and consensus--actually stem from successes in achieving democratic goals."

 

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