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The International Journal
of Not-for-Profit Law

Volume 6, Issue 1, September 2003

A publication of the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law

Table of Contents

Letter from the Editor

Religion and NGOs

Introductory Letter from the Guest Editors
W. Cole Durham, Jr. and Elizabeth A. Sewell

A Bend in the Road to Civil Society: The Effect of Russian Anti-Extremism Legislation on Not-for-Profit Organizations
Brian Gross

A Practical Comparison of the Laws of Religion of Colombia and Chile
Scott E. Isaacson

Faith-Based NGOs in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mojca Leban

Refah Partisi (The Welfare Party) and Others v. Turkey
Christian Moe

The Impact of the New Czech Law on Churches
Petr Pajas

Comments on the 2002 Belarusian Law "On the Introduction of Changes and Amendments to the Law of the Republic of Belarus 'On Religious Freedom and Religious Organizations'"
Melinda R. Porter

Russian Federation Constitutional Court Decisions on Russia's 1997 Law "On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Associations"
Marina Thomas

God and Caesar: Personal Reflections on Politics and Religion
Shirley Williams

Articles

Should Foundations Exist in Perpetuity?
Robert O. Bothwell

The Prohibition of Nigerian Civil Servants From Political Activities: A Necessary Derogation from Freedom of Association
Emeka Iheme

The Charity/Business Duet: Harmony or Discord?
Andrew Phillips (Lord Phillips of Sudbury)

From Benin to Baltimore: Civil Society and Its Limits
Sally J. Scott, Ph.D.

Reviews

Global Civil Society: An Overview
By Lester M. Salamon, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, and Regina List
Reviewed by Jonathan Nelms

The Changing and Unchanging Face of U.S. Civil Society
By Marcella Ridlen Ray

Civil Society: The American Model and Third World Development
By Howard J. Wiarda

Freedom in the World 2003: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties
By Freedom House

Religion Returns to the Public Square: Faith and Policy in America
Edited by Hugh Heclo and Wilfred M. McClay

The State of Nonprofit America
Edited by Lester M. Salamon

Terrorism and Development: Using Social and Economic Development to Inhibit a Resurgence of Terrorism
By Kim Cragin and Peter Chalk

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Editorial Board

Civil Society: The American Model and Third World Development

By Howard J. Wiarda.
Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 2003.
170 pp. $70 hardcover, $24 paper.

A professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Howard J. Wiarda concentrates on civil society's role in dismantling state-directed political systems and otherwise in promoting development. After surveying the history and definitions of civil society, he turns to case studies of sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.

In a concluding chapter, Wiarda cautions that the popularity of the civil society concept may hold perils, or at least augur a new phase. "'Civil society' has become a growth industry," he writes. "And when that happens, the concept itself and its purposes run the risk of being hopelessly distorted. It also runs the risk of falling victim to the same policy cycle that so many other well-meaning programs in the past--agrarian reform, community development, family planning, basic human needs, sustainable development--have gone through: initial excitement and enthusiasm, followed by politicization and distortion, resulting in disillusionment, disappointment, and eventual petering out.... My reading is that civil society, parallel to these other panaceas, has now about exhausted its romantic and enthusiastic phase and is presently on the cusp of either decline or a more realistic assessment." For his part, Wiarda urges realism: "[L]et us support and aid civil society--it is still a good idea--but do so with our eyes wide open, realistically, and recognizing both the opportunities and the limits that championing civil society in other people's countries offers."

 
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