This portal includes materials examining the international funding of civil society organizations (CSOs).
- The Closing Space Challenge: How Are Funders Responding?: This report by Thomas Carothers explores the trend of increasing restrictions on cross-border funding for civil society and how funders are responding to this trend.
- Allies or Adversaries? Foundation Responses to Government Policing of Cross-Border Charity: In this paper, Professor Oonagh Breen explores the drivers behind recent restrictions on cross-border philanthropy, particularly constraints imposed in the name of development effectiveness and host country ownership.
- States, Public Space, and Cross-Border Philanthropy: Observations from the Arab Transitions: In this paper, Professor Barbara Ibrahim explores key issues shaping policy regulation of an important aspect of civic life - the mobilization of funds for public purposes. The paper focuses on international funding flows for philanthropic purposes, with examples drawn from Egypt and Tunisia.
- Defending Civil Society Report, Second ed.: This is the second edition of the Defending Civil Society Report endorsed by Desmond Tutu, the Dalai Lama, Vaclav Havel, and other internationally-recognized civil society leaders. It catalogues legal barriers constraining civil society and details international legal principles to protect civil society. Chapter VI on page 26 addresses barriers to resources.
- International and Comparative Law Analysis of the Right to and Restrictions on Foreign Funding of Non-Governmental Organizations: This paper by the American Bar Association Center for Human Rights explores the legal framework for cross-border funding as a protected right at international, regional, and national levels.
- Human Rights Defenders Briefing Papers: Right to Access Funding: This paper from International Service for Human Rights (ISHR) specifically examines the right of human rights defenders to access cross-border funding.
- International Investment Treaty Protection of Not-for-Profit Organizations: In this ICNL paper, trade experts analyze the protections that investment treaties provide to cross-border funding of CSOs.
- United States International Grantmaking Project: In partnership with the Council on Foundations, ICNL has prepared 35 country summaries to assist grantmakers and their advisors to meet IRS requirements when making grants abroad. The country summaries include explanations of local tax laws and other legal provisions that affect cross-border grantmaking.
- Mapping Initiatives to Address Legal Constraints on Foreign Funding: Delivering on a commitment made at a 2013 UN General Assembly side event, ICNL prepared a briefing paper that: (1) provides an overview of existing responses, and (2) presents concrete recommendations to private donors on how they can effectively create a more enabling environment for cross-border philanthropy and international assistance.
- UN Special Rapporteur Report to the Human Rights Council on Foreign Funding: In this report, UN Special Rapporteur Kiai explains how the freedom of association includes the right to seek, receive, and use resources from domestic, foreign and international sources.
- General Principles on Civil Society's Right to Funding: This set of “general principles,” issued by UN Special Rapporteur Kiai and the Community of Democracies, summarizes key aspects of civil society's right to receive international funding.
- India: Special Rapporteur’s Legal Analysis Argues Restrictions On Foreign Funding Contrary To International Law: Legal analysis of India's Foreign Contributions Regulation Act (FCRA) by UN Special Rapporteur Kiai on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association.