COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker

Keep Civic Space Healthy

This tracker monitors government responses to the pandemic that affect civic freedoms and human rights, focusing on emergency laws. For information about our methodology, click here.

For more information and analysis by region, click here.

Country with entries

The COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker is a collaborative effort by the ICNL, ECNL, and our global network of partners, with generous research support from the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Fionnuala D. Ní Aoláin. This is an ongoing effort, and we welcome you to email us at and to share additional resources.

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Introduction Date



Law No. 9 Amending Law No. 17 of 1990 Regarding the Protection from Infectious Diseases to Assess with Combating COVID-19

Emir Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al-Thani issued Amendments to Law No. 17. The amendments require certain individuals, including heads of households and office managers, to report to authorities if they suspect that a person has an infectious disease. The amendments also provide for up to three years in prison and a 200,000 Qatari Riyal fine in the case of noncompliance with this requirement or failure to comply with quarantine rules.

تعديلات على القانون رقم 17 لسنة 1990 بشأن الوقاية من الأمراض المعدية للحد من إنتشار فيروس كورونا.


 Ø£ØµØ¯Ø± الأمير الشيخ تميم بن حمد آل ثاني تعديلات على القانون رقم 17. تُلزم التعديلات أفراداً معينين، بمن فيهم أرباب الأسر ومدراء المكاتب، إبلاغ السلطات إذا اشتبهوا في إصابة شخص بمرض معدي. تنص التعديلات أيضاً على عقوبة السجن لمدة لا تتجاوز ثلاث سنوات وغرامة قدرها 200,000 ريال قطري في حالة عدم الامتثال لهذا الشرط أو عدم الامتثال لقواعد الحجر الصحي.

(See primary source or citation here)

Introduced 26 Mar 2020

Issue(s): Privacy

Type: order

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Mandatory Contact-Tracing Application

Participation in Qatar's contact-tracing application was mandated "until further notice" starting May 22. The app, Ehtiraz, uses real-time GPS and Bluetooth location tracking, and uploads collected data to a centralized government database for health officials' use in tracing possible COVID-19 infections. Citizens and residents are required to have the app installed on their mobile devices when leaving their homes. Failure to have the app installed could lead to a fine of $55,000 or three years in prison. (See primary source or citation here)

Introduced 26 May 2020

Issue(s): Surveillance, Privacy

Type: practice

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This is an ongoing effort, and we welcome you to email us at and to share additional resources.