COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker

Keep Civic Space Healthy

This tracker monitors government responses to the pandemic that affect civic freedoms and human rights, focusing on emergency laws. For information about our methodology, click here.

For more information and analysis by region, click here.

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The COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker is a collaborative effort by the ICNL, ECNL, and our global network of partners, with generous research support from the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Fionnuala D. Ní Aoláin. This is an ongoing effort, and we welcome you to email us at adeblock@icnl.org and simona@ecnl.org to share additional resources.


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Sudan

Lockdown in Major Cities

Authorities announced a three-week lockdown in Khartoum and Omdurman. Essential services such as supermarkets and pharmacies will remain open, but only for limited periods. Individuals will be allowed limited movement within their neighborhoods to purchase necessities. A nighttime curfew is in effect nationwide from 8pm to 6am, and a ban on domestic travel remains in place.

الإغلاق في المدن الكبرى

 Ø£Ø¹Ù„نت السلطات عن إغلاق لمدة ثلاثة أسابيع في الخرطوم وأم درمان. ستظل الخدمات الأساسية مثل محلات السوبر ماركت والصيدليات مفتوحة، ولكن لفترات محدودة فقط. سيُسمح للأفراد بالتحرك بصورة محدودة داخل أحيائهم لشراء الضروريات. يسري حظر التجول الليلي في جميع أنحاء البلاد من الساعة الثامنة مساءاً حتى الساعة السادسة صباحاً، ولا يزال حظر السفر الداخلي سارياً.

(See primary source or citation here)


Introduced 18 Apr 2020

Issue(s): Movement

Type: order

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Sudan

Emergency Order No. 1 of 2020 Declaring a Public Health Emergency

The order declares a "state of public health emergency" in Sudan due to the coronavirus pandemic. The order criminalizes "disseminating incorrect statements or information, including rumors, through any means of publication or misleading the authorities regarding the pandemic." The order also criminalizes a failure to quarantine and interference with transportation of those suspected of being infected with COVID-19. The order criminalizes as well non-compliance with lockdown measures by "being present in public places" and failing to maintain social distance in several different contexts. Non-compliance with authorities requesting medical examinations is also criminalized. The order affords police the authority to close public places in violation of the order, to seize vehicles, to detain and arrest persons in violation, and to take "all necessary measures" to implement the order. 

(See primary source or citation here)


Introduced 12 Apr 2020

Issue(s): Assembly, Disinformation, Emergency, Press Freedom, Expression, Privacy, Movement

Type: order

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Sudan

Curfew and Ban on Public Gatherings

The government imposes a nighttime curfew nationwide from 10pm to 6am. The curfew followed a nationwide ban on mass gatherings, instituted on March 20.

حظر التجول وحظر التجمعات العامة

 Ø§Ù„حكومة تفرض حظر التجول الليلي في جميع أنحاء البلاد من الساعة العاشرة مساءاً حتى الساعة السادسة صباحاً. جاء حظر التجول بعد حظر على التجمعات العامة في جميع أنحاء البلاد، تم فرضه في 20 مارس.

(See primary source or citation here)


Introduced 24 Mar 2020

Issue(s): Assembly, Movement

Type: order

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This is an ongoing effort, and we welcome you to email us at adeblock@icnl.org and simona@ecnl.org to share additional resources.