COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker
Keep Civic Space Healthy
This tracker monitors government responses to the pandemic that affect civic freedoms and human rights, focusing on emergency laws. For information about our methodology, click here.
For more information and analysis by region, click here.
The COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker is a collaborative effort by the ICNL, ECNL, and our global network of partners, with generous research support from the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Fionnuala D. Ní Aoláin. This is an ongoing effort, and we welcome you to email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com to share additional resources.
No. 297 of 2020 on Preventative and Mandatory Social Isolation
The decree mandates that all individuals self-isolate at their homes with minimal exceptions, in order to combat the spread of the coronavirus. The decree also prohibits gatherings of persons for any reason. According to the decree, the Ministry of Security will place permanent controls on public roads and routes as it deems necessary to limit movement and enforce compliance.(See primary source or citation here)
Introduced 19 Mar 2020
Issue(s): Assembly, Movement
Decree No. 298 on the Suspension of Administrative Deadlines
The decree suspends the usual deadlines for administrative processes regulated by the National Administrative Procedures Act No. 19.549, including the processing of requests for public information.(See primary source or citation here)
Introduced 19 Mar 2020
Issue(s): Access to Information
Decree No. 260 Declaring a Public Health Emergency
Declares a one-year "public health emergency" under Law No. 27,541, due to the pandemic.(See primary source or citation here)
Introduced 12 Mar 2020
"Cyber Patrols" of Social Media by the Ministry of Security
The Security Minister, Sabina Frederic, stated in a video conference that security forces are carrying out "cyber patrols" on social networks. In an effort to monitor "social humor" and curb misinformation about the coronavirus, the cyber patrols have resulted in at least 12 criminal cases against individuals accused of "public intimidation," a crime punishable by up to six years in prison.(See primary source or citation here)
Introduced 8 Apr 2020
Issue(s): Disinformation, Surveillance, Expression, Privacy