ICNL’s resources and information on India.


ICNL works closely with local partners to help build civil society partnerships and provide resources on the non-profit sector and philanthropy in India. These resources include papers on the civil society regulatory framework, a philanthropy law report, and the India Civic Freedom Monitor, which offers a snapshot of Indian laws and various developments relevant to civic space. ICNL also supports efforts to raise awareness around issues related to funding, digital rights, securitization, and other areas affecting civil society in India.

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Civic Freedom Monitor


Last updated: 11 May 2021

NGOs have reportedly been unable to respond at capacity to the current COVID-19 crisis in India due to the restrictions imposed b [...]

Global Grantmaking Country Notes

In partnership with the Council on Foundations, ICNL maintains reports on thirty-four countries that help U.S grantmakers undertake equivalency determinations for foreign grantees. The reports in this series describe the legal frameworks for nonprofit organizations and provide translations of relevant legislative provisions.

Philanthropy Law Report

Indian culture places great emphasis on giving. The ancient philosophy of Nishkama Karma – “do good without the expectation of getting a reward” – profoundly influences many peoples’ lives. At the national level, the legal framework is considered relatively supportive of civil society, and particularly supportive of philanthropic giving. This report explores the current state of laws and regulations affecting philanthropy, unpacking the history, and the present-day legal environment. It is accompanied by supplemental materials to provide more context on civil society and philanthropy in India.


FAQ: Corporate Social Responsibility in India

FAQ: Corporate Social Responsibility in India
The Indian Companies Act of 2013 makes Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) compliance mandatory for any company, whether private; public; foreign; ... Read More

FAQ: Income Tax in India

FAQ: Income Tax in India
In India, individuals are taxed on their salaries or professional incomes. For-profit entities are taxed on their business incomes ... Read More

FAQ: India’s Foreign Contribution Regulation Act of 2010

FAQ: India’s Foreign Contribution Regulation Act of 2010
India’s Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) of 2010 is a federal law enacted to regulate the acceptance and use of ... Read More


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