The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL) is pleased to present this analysis (the “Analysis”) of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation # 18-FZ On Introducing Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation (“the Law”). The Law was signed by the President of the Russian Federation (“RF”) on January 10, 2006, and will come into effect within 90 days of its official publication on January 17, 2006. The Law’s new provisions will affect significantly both Russian and foreign organizations carrying out activities in Russia. It is difficult to forecast at this time all of the possible ramifications of the Law, as much will depend on how its provisions are implemented. The Law includes a number of ambiguous provisions that may require elaboration in regulations yet to be promulgated. In addition, the development of appropriate regulations, forms, and guidelines could alleviate some of the perceived burdens imposed upon civil society. Continued monitoring of the Law’s implementation will be crucial to a complete assessment of its impact.