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women in Africa (credit:

Localization—giving local partners more control and ownership of development initiatives—is a priority for the international development community. Local civil...

protest with fist raised (photo credit:

In an article in Cornell Law Review, ICNL’s Nick Robinson and Elly Page argue for more robust constitutional protection...

An Alaska pipeline (Photo: Jim Black/Pixabay)

In January and February 2022, ICNL worked with NRGI, PWYP, Oxfam USA, and the Institute of Development Studies to...

April 13, 2022A Pandemic of Silence

Sit-in protest in Whitehall, UK in May 2009 (Photo: Southbanksteve/Wikimedia)

Written by ICNL consultant Meghna Sharma, this briefer examines how authoritarian COVID-19 policies in the Indo-Pacific region have affected...

Shoppers in Hong Kong wearing masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, March 2020. (Andrii Makukha/Wikimedia)

Authored by ICNL consultant Kirana Anjani, this briefer dives deep into the challenges faced by civil society in Southeast...

Taj Mahal (Photo Credit: Gerard McGovern)

This working paper, by Ingrid Srinath, the Director of the Centre for Social Impact and Philanthropy at Ashoka University,...

Congress Building, U.S Capitol, Washington D.C. (Photo: Creative Commons)

On April 5, 2022, the U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary's subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil...

Crowded street in old Nizam City (Photo: Tejj/ Unsplash)

Throughout the COVID pandemic, India's nonprofit sector filled crucial gaps by providing essential social services and humanitarian relief. And...

Cardboard sign at protest that says Climate Justice Now (photo credit:

This guide, created by ECNL, explores the key standards that protect climate activists’ civic freedoms.  It maps out the...

Thailand flag on building (photo credit:

On January 4, 2022, the Thai Cabinet approved a revised draft non-profit organization (NPO) bill drafted by the Office...


These comments, written by ICNL's U.S. Program team, are in response to the Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) from...

Armed protester at the United We Stand & Patriots March for America (Photo: Fibonacci Blue/CC 2.0)

Armed individuals intimidate and discourage people from exercising their rights to speech and assembly, and they have interfered with...

Mine in the Phillipines (Toledo City, Cebu, Philippines)

Bantay Kita, an organization in the Philippines, has been a leader in developing inputs on civic space for submission...

Migrants in hungary with barb wire fence (photo credit: Gémes Sándor/SzomSzed/Wikimedia)

This ICNL White Paper explains why the GCM’s failure to meaningfully include considerations of migrants’ civic freedoms and civic...

Young woman on leather couch working at a laptop while browsing her phone (Photo: Maxim Ilyahov on Unsplash)

During the 2021 Bread&Net, ICNL held a workshop on the importance of civil society involvement in the development of...

Photo Credit: funky-data/iStock

Understanding the essence and practical value of human rights helps citizens enjoy and assert their rights when these rights...

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These guidelines are intended to become an information resource for representatives of civil society organizations and citizens of the...

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This ICNL comparative overview of various Eurasian countries presents international standards and comparative international practices on CSO reporting.

December 21, 2021Rapid Response Support

map of Aisa in paint (photo credit:

Throughout the year, ICNL rapidly developed legal analyses to support civil society under pressure, including practical resources to navigate...

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ICNL is working with a broad coalition of civil liberties, racial justice, environmental, and other groups to address anti-protest...

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COVID hit Kyrgyzstan hard, overwhelming an already fragile healthcare system. In the face of these challenges, Elim Barsynby, a...

crowd walking on street

ICNL partnered with the Lebanese Oil and Gas Initiative (LOGI), a civil society organization promoting transparent management of oil...

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In early 2020, as COVID began to spread globally, ICNL recognized the repercussions of states’ emergency responses on fundamental...

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This ICNL briefer outlines SLAPPs related projects, activities, and impacts and presents a pathway forward for protecting civil society...


It is with great sadness that we share the passing of Muatar Saidmuradovna Khaidarova on December 20, 2021. Muatar...

December 20, 20212020-2021 Annual Report

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The ongoing COVID crisis has emboldened authoritarian leadership and given rise to misuse of emergency powers, on top of...

graphic with text: The Financial Action Task Force A Toolkit for Kenyan Non-Profit Organizations

This toolkit is designed to provide information on the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) for non-profit organizations (NPOs) in...

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This ICNL-UNSR toolkit supports civil society efforts to advocate for women's full enjoyment of the rights to freedom...

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This report maps the Indian legal framework governing the right to freedom of assembly and the right to protest,...

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This Just Security article provides a warning of the securitization of the climate crisis and links to terrorism, while offering...

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UN and regional human rights experts issued a joint declaration calling on States to strengthen international efforts to support...

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This toolkit, created in collaboration with the UNDP and ICNL, provides an overview of the human rights standards that...

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This article, written by ECNL, highlights that restrictions on civil society undermine climate mitigation efforts and impede the collaboration...

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ICNL analysis of the laws of the Republic of Belarus on countering extremism and prevention of the rehabilitation of...

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This Just Security article, written by ICNL's Vice President of Legal Affairs David Moore, highlights, the importance for donors...

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This briefer ECNL and ICNL briefer presents key findings and recommendations from the UNSR report on protecting civic space for...

Three protestors with microphones (photo credit: Evan McCaffrey)

This handbook that supports lawmakers and law reform advocates to assess a domestic law’s compliance with international legal standards...

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This ICNL toolkit designed to provide information on the Open Government Partnership (OGP) for civil society organizations (CSOs) in...

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This ECNL and ICNL briefer, gives an introduction to FATF, why its standards matter for civil society in Africa,...

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This OECD Recommendation identifies key principles that donor governments should follow to respect, protect, and promote civic space; support...

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ICNL guide for how civil society partners can provide inputs into the Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), a global...

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This article, published by EURICS, explores China's tumultuous past of navigating overseas funding and aid during times of crisis....

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In this San Francisco Chronicle article, written by ICNL's Senior Legal Advisor Nick Robinson with UC Berkeley School of...

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Following a swell of racial justice protests that have taken to the streets, politically charged bills are being introduced...


This Just Security article, written by ICNL CEO Doug Rutzen and Senior Legal Advisor Nicholas Miller, calls on the...

Sky view of Hong Kong city (via

This Harvard report analyzes the impacts of Hong Kong's National Security Law on the domestic legal system and its...

Climate change and civic space (credit:

This study maps laws and regulations that impact civic spaces, participation, and assembly specifically as it relates to climate...

surveillance (credit:

On July 28, 2021, ICNL hosted an online discussion for civil society organization (CSO) representatives from around the world...

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In this article, the European Center for Not-for-Profit law analyzes the extent to newly adopted HRC resolutions provide safeguards...

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Since 2017, ICNL has tracked introduced anti-protest legislation in the United States. This page uses data from ICNL's US Protest Law Tracker to...

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On May 13, 2021, ICNL, in collaboration with CIVICUS, convened civil society organizations that work on climate justice from...

Woman wearing a medical mask outside during the coronavirus pandemic. (Photo: EVG Photos/Pexels)

On June 30, 2021, ICNL hosted an online discussion for civil society organization representatives from around the world to...

India flag (credit:

In recent years, India has enacted a number of regulatory measures constricting funding for domestic non-profit organizations, the most...

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This ICNL briefer, provides background on online gender-based violence and describes the ongoing work of partners in pushing back...

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This ICNL legal briefer provides a brief history and context of the FCRA, followed by an international legal analysis...

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This ICNL briefer outlines the civic space implications of Nigeria’s Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Health Protection Regulations 2021, including an...

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This report by the OECD Development Assistance Committee provides recommendations for including and enabling civil society in development...

Cardboard sign at protest that says Climate Justice Now (photo credit:

In this report, the UNSR on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association discusses key threats...

computer cables (credit:

This report by UNSR Clement Voule, identifies a path forward for ending Internet shutdowns and will act as a...

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These two checklists were created by the ACHPR to deepen the understanding and compliance by States and other stakeholders...

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This Just Security article, written by ICNL’s Senior Legal Advisor, Nicholas Miller, and ECNL’s Executive Director, Katerina Hadzi-Miceva Evans,...

Twitter on mobile phone (credit:

On June 4, 2021, Nigeria’s government suspended Twitter. While it is unclear which law the suspension stems from; nonetheless,...

currencies (photo credit:

There are several ways in which governments can actively foster an enabling environment for philanthropy. Providing tax benefits for...

Protest in Belarus (credit:

Recently, Belarus’s parliament adopted or is considering adopting seven laws restricting basic human rights. According to local experts, these laws are designed to suppress protest...

Thailand flag on building (photo credit:

ICNL outlines five key concerns with Thailand's draft law, which presents a highly securitized approach to the non-profit sector...


Around the world, governments are constraining civil society and dissent. A common tactic of these governments is to enact...

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This guide from MISA Tanzania outlines the right to information for civil society and Tanzanians and how to request...


This briefer from the Expert Council on NGO Law in collaboration with ECNL outlines states obligations for ensuring the...

protest with fist raised (photo credit:

On May 24th 2021, ICNL and Sida are hosting a high-level virtual conversation on emergency measures, fundamental freedoms, and...

currencies (photo credit:

This analysis reviews the key provisions of Kazakhstan’s 2016 Law on Payments that have affected non-commercial organizations (NCOs), including...

2019 AR - Cambodia

The Fundamental Freedoms Monitoring Project, which began in 2016, examines and evaluates the extent to which the freedoms of...

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These country papers outline safeguards for fundamental rights and freedoms that need to be implemented into the development of...

computer keyboard (photo credit:

ICNL, in collaboration with the Civil Society Reference Group (CSRG) and Article 19 Eastern Africa, hosted a digital forum...

Tunisian women staring at masked Tunisian police (photo credit:

A comprehensive guide on the right of peaceful assembly including what defines peaceful assembly, when is considered peaceful, states...

Scenes of healthcare workers at Thailand Bamrasnaradura Infectious Disease Institute, Ministry of Public Health. During this coronavirus outbreak, workforce shortages have gotten worse and nurse-midwives around the world have had to sacrifice in the hospitals around the clock and with limited personal protective equipment. (Photo: UN Women/Pathumporn Thongking)

To get a full picture of how COVID-19 measures have impacted civil society in the Asia-Pacific region, ICNL conducted...

ICNL's work on the U.S. Foreign Agents Registration Act

The Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) is both sweeping and vague. Recently, there have been many attempts by Congress...

computer with digital bar graph (photo credit:

This report written by Samhita in partnership with ICNL, reviews the social stock exchanges of Brazil, Portugal, South Africa,...

women in canoe on river (photo credit:

This Portuguese language report investigates the legal barriers to organization and representation of indigenous peoples in Brazil today.

malawi flag (graphic credit:

Malawi's 2020 Non-Governmental Organizations Amendment Bill still contains problematic provisions for NGOs and citizens to exercise their fundamental freedoms.

Overhead view of the Human Rights Council (photo credit: Jeff Vize)

In this Just Security article, Nicholas Miller and Jordan Street argue an updated UN approach to counterterrorism should reflect...

A group of uniformed schoolteachers protesting in Hpa-an on 9 February 2021 (photo credit: wiki commons CC BY-SA 4.0)

This analysis provides an overview of the Myanmar military “Tatmadaw” orders aimed at suppressing communication and civil society resistance...

protestors in Myanmar (photo credit: Wiki Commons Public Domain)

This analysis examines the international law of peaceful assembly, and expression protections for Myanmar's civil disobedience movement to the...

A screenshot of Donald Trump tweet from January 6, 2021 that shows a clip of his video expressing false information about the 2020 US Presidential Election. The tweet has a disclaimer under it from Twitter that reads: "This claim of election fraud is disputed, and this tweet can't be replied to, retweeted, or liked."

While disinformation is not a new problem, the digital age has created new threats. This ICNL policy prospectus examines...

Russian police attack protestor (photo credit:

This Human Rights Watch report determined unlawful interference with free speech as one of the most common forms of...

Malaysia protest (photo credit: Wiki Commons)

In Myanmar, the military’s actions in early February 2021, including a recently proposed draft cyber security law, threaten fundamental...

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The COVID-19 epidemic has necessitated a shift to remote operations across society, from workplaces to schools to holiday celebrations,...

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ECNL paper on government restrictions that restrain activists/groups from participating in decision-making processes on climate and environmental issues.

A small pile of coins with a seedling growing out of it (Photo: Gratuit/Creative Commons)

This ICNL Spanish-language publication is based on survey responses submitted by 729 NPO sector representatives from 17 participating countries....

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This ECNL factsheet covers how the protection granted by international human rights standards to protests in public spaces also...

black live matter protest (credit:

ICNL's Protest Law Tracker has identified an ongoing wave of anti-protest legislation targeting racial justice demonstrations and Black Lives...