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A comprehensive guide on the right of peaceful assembly including what defines peaceful assembly, when is considered peaceful, states...

Scenes of healthcare workers at Thailand Bamrasnaradura Infectious Disease Institute, Ministry of Public Health. During this coronavirus outbreak, workforce shortages have gotten worse and nurse-midwives around the world have had to sacrifice in the hospitals around the clock and with limited personal protective equipment. (Photo: UN Women/Pathumporn Thongking)

To get a full picture of how COVID-19 measures have impacted civil society in the Asia-Pacific region, ICNL conducted...


The Registration Brochure for Associations in Afghanistan helps those seeking to establish and register an association in Afghanistan to...

ICNL's work on the U.S. Foreign Agents Registration Act

The Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) is both sweeping and vague. Recently, there have been many attempts by Congress...


This report written by Samhita in partnership with ICNL, reviews the social stock exchanges of Brazil, Portugal, South Africa,...


This Portuguese language report investigates the legal barriers to organization and representation of indigenous peoples in Brazil today.


Malawi's 2020 Non-Governmental Organizations Amendment Bill still contains problematic provisions for NGOs and citizens to exercise their fundamental freedoms.

Overhead view of the Human Rights Council (photo credit: Jeff Vize)

In this Just Security article, Nicholas Miller and Jordan Street argue an updated UN approach to counterterrorism should reflect...

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This analysis provides an overview of the Myanmar military “Tatmadaw” orders aimed at suppressing communication and civil society resistance...

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This analysis examines the international law of peaceful assembly, and expression protections for Myanmar's civil disobedience movement to the...

A screenshot of Donald Trump tweet from January 6, 2021 that shows a clip of his video expressing false information about the 2020 US Presidential Election. The tweet has a disclaimer under it from Twitter that reads: "This claim of election fraud is disputed, and this tweet can't be replied to, retweeted, or liked."

While disinformation is not a new problem, the digital age has created new threats. This ICNL policy prospectus examines...


This Human Rights Watch report determined unlawful interference with free speech as one of the most common forms of...

Protest against military coup in Hpa-An, Kayin State, Myanmar, 02/2020 (Photo: Ninjastrikers/Creative Commons)

In Myanmar, the military’s actions in early February 2021, including a recently proposed draft cyber security law, threaten fundamental...

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The COVID-19 epidemic has necessitated a shift to remote operations across society, from workplaces to schools to holiday celebrations,...


ECNL paper on government restrictions that restrain activists/groups from participating in decision-making processes on climate and environmental issues.

A small pile of coins with a seedling growing out of it (Photo: Gratuit/Creative Commons)

This ICNL Spanish-language publication is based on survey responses submitted by 729 NPO sector representatives from 17 participating countries....

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This ECNL factsheet covers how the protection granted by international human rights standards to protests in public spaces also...


ICNL's Protest Law Tracker has identified an ongoing wave of anti-protest legislation targeting racial justice demonstrations and Black Lives...


The Operational Guidelines for Associations in Afghanistan provides an overview of the rights and obligations of associations under the...


This database from the Carter Center outlines state obligations to protect the freedom of expression during elections.


Latin American and Caribbean country's legal responses to the COVID-19 and the impacts on freedom of association, peaceful assembly,...


This Pachamama Foundation report assesses the laws and practices during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Amazonian regions of Ecuador...

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The International Center for Not-for-profit Law (ICNL) remains deeply concerned about the continued detention of Nicholas Opiyo, the executive...


Responding to Covid-19, ICNLand partners tracked the impact of government responses, analyzed trends, informed the public, and supported partners.


ICNL partnered with the Global Digital Policy Incubator (GDPi) at Stanford University to host the first-ever Tech Camp for...


ICNL and the East Africa Civil Society Organizations’ Forum (EACSOF), joined local partners to launch the Protection of Civic...


ICNL organized the International Workshop on Teaching Nonprofit Law to address civic space issues and education in Central Asia.


This year, the UN Human Rights Committee issued General Comment No. 37 to provide guidance on the right to...


ICNL lead a coalition of groups working to protect the freedom of assembly in the US in response to...

December 18, 20202019-2020 Annual Report

Group of people wearing masks, sorting food in bags for a food drive (Photo: istock)

In our 2019-2020 annual report, we highlight how ICNL and our partners have worked to keep civic space healthy during...

Young woman on leather couch working at a laptop while browsing her phone (Photo: Maxim Ilyahov on Unsplash)

This report series, researched and written by the Centre for Internet and Society with support from ICNL, undertakes an...


This ICNL report examines the issue of how terrorism financing laws impact the nonprofit sector in Tunisia.


This ICNL analysis examines the impact of anti-money laundering and counterterrorism financing on the nonprofit sector in the Middle...


This ICNL analysis examines the impacts of government COVID-19 responses on migrants' civic freedoms in the Middle East and...

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This analysis provides an overview of the legislative dilemma of addressing disinformation and fake news while protecting civic freedom...


This legal analysis examines regulations relating to electronic fundraising tools available to Tajik Civil Society Organizations.

Black Lives Matter protesters enveloped in tear gas, near the White House in Washington DC, 5/31/2020 (Photo by Koshu Kunii on Unsplash)

President-elect Joe Biden has made revitalizing democracy at home and abroad central to plans for his new administration. This...


Overview dedicated to legislation and implementation practices relating to online consultations on legislation between governments and civil society.


This ECNL factsheet on protests taking place in the online space and how international human rights standards, including General...

Social distancing sign at drugstore (Photo: GoToVan/Flickr)

This report from the Carnegie Endowment includes findings and key recommendations for NGOs, grassroots groups, and donors to understand...

'I Voted' sticker spool on top of a ballot envelope. Stickers have an American flag on them and are in English and Spanish. (GPA PHOTO ARCHIVE/Flickr)

In the face of a potentially contested 2020 US election, there are concerns that authorities will infringe First Amendment...

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In September of 2020, ICNL LLC's Jordan team held a webinar called “Challenges and Prospects of the Role of...

National ballet dancers perform at the Rwanda Uganda Business Forum Dinner - Kigali, 11 October 2013 (Paul Kagame/Flickr)

Uganda's recent Stage Play and Public Entertainment Rules threaten to stifle the creative arts by limiting artistic expression. This...


This index reports the strength and overall viability of civil society organization sectors in more than 70 countries based...

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On October 7, 2020, ICNL, BHRRC, and Greenpeace International hosted a webinar to hear accounts from activists who have...

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It is with a heavy heart that we share the passing of Darla Mecham on October 8, 2020. Darla...

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In Kyrgyzstan, civil society organizations have several options for digital fundraising, including websites, SMS, crowdfunding platforms, e-wallets, and electronic...

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This page provides information on Middle Eastern and North African government responses to the coronavirus, using information from the...

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Se invita a organizaciones sin fines de lucro (OSFL) en los países miembros del GAFILAT, más El Salvador, a...

Women demonstrate for labor rights in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (photo credit: Jeff Vize)

This tool offers detailed guidance for civil society organizations on using General Comment 37 to help advance freedom of...

Donatien Voungoukpala, 13 (solid blue t-shirt), with his brothers Fleuri Rodrigue Hipai, 17, and Aime Bera-Mbolikia, 10, go to fetch water at a a nearby spring, their principle water source. August 20, 2012, Rounga Village, Bangassou, Central African Republic. Donatien and his family are IDPs who relocated to Bangassou from Rafai approximately one year ago as a result of the LRA conflict.

This piece, written for InterAction and based on an in-depth ICNL analysis on the issue, discusses how the pandemic...


Assorted coins (photo credit: Steve Johnson/Unsplash)

New technologies and internet resources provide civil society organizations with numerous opportunities for fundraising. In Kazakhstan, 84.2% of the...

Police mace demonstrators outside the Minneapolis Police Department's 4th Precinct building in North Minneapolis on November 18, 2015. (Tony Webster/Wikimedia)

In response to nationwide protests sparked by the killing of George Floyd in May 2020, law enforcement has used...

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This Radio Free Asia article discusses the findings from the 4th Fundamental Freedoms Monitoring Project (FFMP).

Flag of the United Nations (Graphic credit: Wikimedia)

Sit-in protest in Whitehall, UK in May 2009 (Photo: Southbanksteve/Wikimedia)

The UN Human Rights Committee has adopted pivotal new guidance on the right of peaceful assembly. On July 27,...

Protesters in Hong Kong getting arrested by police, July 2020. (Photo: Studio Incendo/Wikimedia)

The passage of Hong Kong’s new National Security Law threatens to upend civic freedoms and usher in a new...

Flag of the United Nations (Graphic credit: Wikimedia)

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In this report, ICNL presents the first cross-regional survey of SLAPPs in the Global South, along with the first...

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These comments address ‘The Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020’ (the Act) of the Philippines, highlighting the potential impact on the...

A line of Syrian refugees crossing the border of Hungary and Austria on their way to Germany. Hungary, Central Europe, 6 September 2015. (Photo: Mstyslav Chernov/Wikipedia)

This ICNL article examines the likely impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the civic freedoms of migrants and groups...

George Floyd protests in Columbus, Ohio (Photo: Paul Becker/Wikimedia)

In the wake of complaints about law enforcement’s response to the George Floyd protests, local, state, and the federal...

Lifeline Advocacy in Restricted Spaces Toolkit cover image

The Advocacy in Restricted Spaces toolkit is a practical resource that emphasizes that advocacy is possible even in highly...

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This report provides a thematic study on the right to freedom of association of migrants, in which the Special...




George Floyd protests in Philadelphia (Photo: Rob Bulmahn/Flickr)

In response to nationwide protests over the killing of George Floyd, law enforcement officials have frequently used so-called “less...

Shoppers in Hong Kong wearing masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, March 2020. (Andrii Makukha/Wikimedia)

This page provides information on Asian and Pacific government responses to the coronavirus, using information from the COVID-19 Civic...

Climate justice protest. (Photo: Linh Do/Flickr)

This briefer, presented by ICNL and ECNL, outlines some of the common legal and extralegal measures used to target...

On May 26, 2020, people protested against police violence after the death of George Floyd. Large crowd of protesters in a street. (Photo: Fibonacci Blue/Wikimedia)

Protests have spread across major U.S. cities over police violence against people of color, sparked by the killing of...

Pennsylvania Commonwealth microbiologist Kerry Pollard performs a manual extraction of the coronavirus inside the extraction lab at the Pennsylvania Department of Health Bureau of Laboratories on Friday, March 6, 2020. (Photo: Office of Tom Wolf/Flickr)

The COVID-19 pandemic has unleashed a parallel crisis for civic space. Many of the emergency laws and other extraordinary...

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The COVID-19 pandemic does not have to be a crisis for human rights. In the context of widespread adoption...

Pile of cryptocurrency coins including Bitcoin, Monero, ZCash, Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, and Dash. (Photo: QuoteInspector/Flickr)

This report assesses opportunities and obstacles in charitable donations of virtual currencies. It aims to bring civil society organizations,...

Social distancing sign at drugstore (Photo: GoToVan/Flickr)

Since the coronavirus pandemic began, the United States has seen numerous protests, albeit at a relatively small scale. However,...

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A statement by UN Special Rapporteurs regarding India's Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019 (the amended Act) and to...

Hands holding money with a seedling growing - symbolizes a new investment (Photo: 401(K) 2012/Wikipedia)

The Fundraising Principles report provides a global overview of current trends in fundraising regulation and self-regulation. Additionally, it offers...

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In this report, the UNSR on Freedom of Expression registers alarm that some efforts to combat the coronavirus disease...

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The Open Government Partnership (OGP) has put together COVID-19 resource hub and open forum for partners to share the...

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On April 1, 2020, ICNL hosted Regional Virtual Round Tables for civil society partners in Latin America and the...

Group of outdoor security cameras (Photo credit: Nathaniel Dahan)

Driven by a desire to protect the health and wellbeing of their citizens and residents, many governments have taken...

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On November 15, 2019, the Maintenance of Peace and Order Act (the Act), which repeals and replaces the Public...

UNSR meeting with civil society and human rights defenders on Asia issues in March 2019 (Photo: Jeff Vize)

Made up of more than 40 countries, Asia defies easy categorization. On the one hand, many countries are home...

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UNSR Clément Voule issued ten key principles to guide states' response to a public health crisis. A checklist and...

Woman wearing a medical mask outside during the coronavirus pandemic. (Photo: EVG Photos/Pexels)

Face masks are in the news. The CDC now recommends that Americans wear face masks to reduce transmission of...


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This database tracks case law, constitutions, and international instruments from around the world that deal with the Right to...

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This page provides information on African government responses to the coronavirus, using information from the COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker.