ICNL’s Global Program seeks to protect and expand freedoms of association, expression, and peaceful assembly by promoting protective norms at regional, national, and local levels worldwide. With our partners, we embed support for civil society and an enabling legal environment in the activities of multilateral bodies, such as the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation and the Open Government Partnership. We also support the work of the United Nations Human Rights Council and its special rapporteurs who have mandates related to civic space. ICNL’s Global Program ensures that civil society partners can effectively use global and regional standards to defend civic space at all levels.
Civil Society and the Financial Action Task Force
The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is a global intergovernmental body that sets standards for combating money laundering and terrorist financing. Country-level adoption of FATF standards sometimes results in undesirable restrictions on the activities of civil society organizations. To avoid this development, ICNL helps civil society actors understand and engage in the implementation of FATF standards. For example, in April 2019, ICNL and the West Africa Civil Society Institute organized a FATF training in Ghana for English-speaking West African organizations. Additional workshops are planned for later this year in Francophone West Africa, Latin America, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia.
The United Nations special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, has prioritized research in fulfilling her mandate. To support her efforts, ICNL and the Human Rights Center at the University of Minnesota produced a research paper on the misuse of counterterrorism measures to restrict civic space. At the Fortieth Session of the UN Human Rights Council in 2019, ICNL moderated a side event on the topic, featuring civil society partners from Ethiopia, Russia, and the United Kingdom.
The United Nations special rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Clément Nyaletsossi Voule, has identified the challenges posed by digital technology as a key priority during his tenure. To support his efforts, ICNL arranged for the special rapporteur to meet with civil society organizations working on technology, digital rights, and media issues in Mexico City and Nairobi. The consultations resulted in observations and recommendations that the special rapporteur can draw on in his 2019 report on this important issue.
Learning Global Lessons from Local Social Movements
In 2018, ICNL and CIVICUS arranged for Armenian civil society leaders who had taken part in their country’s successful democratic social movement to meet with the United Nations special rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Clément Nyaletsossi Voule. At the meeting, the civil society leaders reflected on their experiences and continuing challenges. The consultations informed the special rapporteur’s discussions with the Government of Armenia and the official report on his visit. ICNL and CIVICUS will hold similar workshops in 2019 and will compile a report of lessons learned to assist future social movements.
ICNL has produced many research products exploring issues affecting civic space on the global level. Below are our key resources.
The recent wave of constraints on civil society is a subject of concern worldwide. ICNL’s 2018 report contributes to the discussion by examining trends in the closing of civic space, the reasons donor governments should counter these trends, and the ways in which they can do so effectively.
This 2018 report from the United Nations special rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association examines the links between the exercise of those rights and implementation of the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Between 2010 and 2015, 35 percent of new restrictions imposed on civil society around the world focused on international funding. ICNL president Douglas Rutzen explores this trend as well as the global crackdown on civil society in this article in the Journal of Democracy.