ICNL provides up-to-date, freely accessible information about issues shaping the legal environment for civil society, philanthropy, and public participation. To facilitate knowledge sharing in this dynamic field, we maintain a large and diverse collection of resources. Our international staff and network of experts produce innovative research and legal analysis. Additionally, we curate collections of the best resources available on issues affecting civic space worldwide. We publish reports and data on topics relevant to civil society, from our U.S. Protest Law Tracker to our Civic Freedom Monitor. We invite you to explore our full collection of resources below.


Coronavirus and Civic Space cover graphic - title overlayed a purple and grey triangle pattern
Coronavirus and Civic Space

The coronavirus is a significant threat to public health; swift and effective government action is necessary. However, we must ensure the response does not also become a significant threat to civic freedoms. In this article, ICNL explores this tension and how governments can move quickly while upholding human rights in their response to a public health crisis.

Civic Space 2040

Over the next two decades, environmental, technological, and demographic trends will dramatically change how we live our lives. A vibrant civic space is essential to ensure everyone can fully participate in shaping this future. Civic Space 2040 is a futurist initiative to craft a positive vision for civic space and map strategies to make it a reality. The initiative explores trends that will radically transform the world and discusses how they will impact civic space. Read our trend reports and key resources on critical future trends from a civic space perspective.

People in a meeting - right to association
The Right of Association in Central Asian Countries

This report provides a detailed overview of the legal framework for association in Central Asia, focusing on Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. It examines how freedom of association is exercised, the legal status of non-commercial organizations (NCOs), structure and internal governance, NCO activities, financial sustainability, state monitoring, and transparency in each country. The report is available in English and Russian.

ICNL's Philanthropy Law Reports - landing page button
Recent Updates: Philanthropy Law Reports

The Philanthropy Law Reports provide in-depth information on national laws and regulations in nine countries to serve as practical guides for the philanthropic sector and the nonprofit world. Recently, we updated our reports on India and China.

All Resources

U.S. Current Trend: COVID-19 and Civic Freedom

A close up picture of the coronavirus (Photo: CDC/Unsplash)
The United States is in the midst of addressing the COVID-19 pandemic. All 50 states, ... Read More

Overview: Critical Infrastructure Bills in the US

An Alaska pipeline (Photo: Jim Black/Pixabay)
Across the country, communities are gathering at rallies and marches to express concerns about pipelines’ ... Read More

Coronavirus and Civic Space

Coronavirus and Civic Space cover graphic - title overlayed a purple and grey triangle pattern
The coronavirus is a significant threat to public health; it does not need to be ... Read More

Future Trend Report: Philanthropy

Hands holding flowers. (Photo: GLady/Pixabay)
This briefing explores key trends in philanthropy and their possible impact on civic space. It ... Read More

Future Trend Report: Emerging Technology

Colorful code on computer monitors (Photo: Markus Spiske/Unsplash)
This briefing explores the trends in emerging digital technology most likely to shape civic space, ... Read More

Future Trend Report: Climate Change

Person holding climate change sign with Extinction Rebellion symbol. (Photo: Markus Spiske/Unsplash)
This briefing explores how states’ responses to the climate crisis over the next two decades ... Read More

Resource Collections

Civic Space 2040

How can we proactively shape the trends transforming our future? How can we protect and expand civic space in the process? The Civic Space 2040 initiative helps answer these questions by crafting a positive vision for the future and strategies to make it a reality.

ICNL's Digital Legal Library - landing page button

Digital Legal Library

This database of key materials includes domestic and international laws, reports, treaties, and court decisions affecting civil society. It houses nearly 4,000 documents from 200 countries and several autonomous territories, written in more than 60 languages.

ICNL's Philanthropy Law Reports - landing page button

Philanthropy Law Reports

These reports provide in-depth information on nine countries, including China, Ethiopia, and India. They serve as practical guides for the philanthropic sector and larger nonprofit world. The reports were written by local experts and ICNL staff and were made possible by the generous support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

ICNL's U.S. Protest Law Tracker - landing page button

U.S. Protest Law Tracker

Since November 2016, thirty-five states have considered one hundred bills that would restrict the right to protest. The U.S. Protest Law Tracker follows initiatives at state and federal levels that restrict the right to protest and freedom of assembly.

Civic Freedom Monitor

The Civic Freedom Monitor provides up-to-date information on civil society law in more than fifty countries and eight multilateral organizations. ICNL works alongside our global network of partners to monitor developments related to civic space.

ICNL's Global Grantmaking Country Notes: A guide produced for the Council on Foundations for U.S. international grantmakers.

Global Grantmaking Country Notes

In partnership with the Council on Foundations, ICNL maintains reports on thirty-four countries that help U.S grantmakers undertake equivalency determinations for foreign grantees. The reports in this series describe the legal frameworks for nonprofit organizations and provide translations of relevant legislative provisions.

Global Trends in NGO Law Button - leads to page for ICNL's periodic review of legal issues affecting civil society

Global Trends in NGO Law

Global Trends in NGO Law is ICNL’s periodic review of legal trends affecting civil society around the world. Each issue examines key developments and legal and regulatory issues affecting non-governmental organizations.

Civil Society Organization Sustainability Index

The index, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development for twenty years, documents the development of civil society in seventy-one countries of Asia, Europe, Eurasia, Africa, North Africa, and the Middle East. ICNL and FHI 360 work with local partners to produce the index annually.

ICNL's International Journal for Not-for-Profit Law - landing page button

International Journal of Not-For-Profit Law

IJNL is ICNL’s journal on global civil society, which was published from 1998 to 2017.Each issue has a thematic focus and features contributions from prominent international experts. The articles cover legal issues as well as social, cultural, political, and economic trends affecting the legal environment for civil society. IJNLwas the first publication of its kind to cover the evolving worldwide conversation about civil society.