Resources

ICNL provides up-to-date, freely accessible information about issues shaping the legal environment for civil society, philanthropy, and public participation. To facilitate knowledge sharing in this dynamic field, we maintain a large and diverse collection of resources. Our international staff and network of experts produce innovative research and legal analysis. Additionally, we curate collections of the best resources available on issues affecting civic space worldwide. We publish reports and data on topics relevant to civil society, from our U.S. Protest Law Tracker to our Civic Freedom Monitor. We invite you to explore our full collection of resources below.

All Resources

Localization and Civic Space

women in Africa (credit: pixabay.com)
Localization—giving local partners more control and ownership of development initiatives—is a priority for the international ... Read More

Stopping the Over-Penalization of Civil Disobedience at Protests in the U.S.

protest with fist raised (photo credit: unsplash.com)
In an article in Cornell Law Review, ICNL’s Nick Robinson and Elly Page argue for ... Read More

Extractive Industries and Civic Space

An Alaska pipeline (Photo: Jim Black/Pixabay)
In January and February 2022, ICNL worked with NRGI, PWYP, Oxfam USA, and the Institute ... Read More

A Pandemic of Silence

Sit-in protest in Whitehall, UK in May 2009 (Photo: Southbanksteve/Wikimedia)
Written by ICNL consultant Meghna Sharma, this briefer examines how authoritarian COVID-19 policies in the ... Read More

Resilience in Southeast Asia

Shoppers in Hong Kong wearing masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, March 2020. (Andrii Makukha/Wikimedia)
Authored by ICNL consultant Kirana Anjani, this briefer dives deep into the challenges faced by ... Read More

The Triple Threat to Civil Society in India

Taj Mahal (Photo Credit: Gerard McGovern)
This working paper, by Ingrid Srinath, the Director of the Centre for Social Impact and ... Read More

Resource Collections

Civic Freedom Monitor

The Civic Freedom Monitor provides up-to-date information on civil society law in more than fifty countries and eight multilateral organizations. ICNL works alongside our global network of partners to monitor developments related to civic space.

ICNL's U.S. Protest Law Tracker - landing page button

U.S. Protest Law Tracker

Since November 2016, thirty-five states have considered one hundred bills that would restrict the right to protest. The U.S. Protest Law Tracker follows initiatives at state and federal levels that restrict the right to protest and freedom of assembly.

COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker

The coronavirus is a significant threat to public health but it does not need to be a significant threat to civic freedom. The ICNL-ECNL COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker monitors government responses to the pandemic that affects civic freedoms and human rights, focusing on emergency laws.

ICNL's Philanthropy Law Reports - landing page button

Philanthropy Law Reports

These reports provide in-depth information on nine countries, including China, Ethiopia, and India. They serve as practical guides for the philanthropic sector and larger nonprofit world. The reports were written by local experts and ICNL staff and were made possible by the generous support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

ICNL's Digital Legal Library - landing page button

Digital Legal Library

This database of key materials includes domestic and international laws, reports, treaties, and court decisions affecting civil society. It houses nearly 4,000 documents from 200 countries and several autonomous territories, written in more than 60 languages.

Civic Space 2040

How can we proactively shape the trends transforming our future? How can we protect and expand civic space in the process? The Civic Space 2040 initiative helps answer these questions by crafting a positive vision for the future and strategies to make it a reality.

ICNL's Global Grantmaking Country Notes: A guide produced for the Council on Foundations for U.S. international grantmakers.

Global Grantmaking Country Notes

In partnership with the Council on Foundations, ICNL maintains reports on thirty-four countries that help U.S grantmakers undertake equivalency determinations for foreign grantees. The reports in this series describe the legal frameworks for nonprofit organizations and provide translations of relevant legislative provisions.

Civil Society Organization Sustainability Index

The index, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development for twenty years, documents the development of civil society in seventy-one countries of Asia, Europe, Eurasia, Africa, North Africa, and the Middle East. ICNL and FHI 360 work with local partners to produce the index annually.

ICNL's International Journal for Not-for-Profit Law - landing page button

International Journal of Not-For-Profit Law

IJNL is ICNL’s journal on global civil society, which was published from 1998 to 2017.Each issue has a thematic focus and features contributions from prominent international experts. The articles cover legal issues as well as social, cultural, political, and economic trends affecting the legal environment for civil society. IJNLwas the first publication of its kind to cover the evolving worldwide conversation about civil society.