The meaningful participation of women in online spaces has been hindered by online gender-based violence (OGBV). International law recognizes the link between OGBV and offline gender-based violence. Past research has shown that women human rights defenders (WHRDs) who challenge patriarchal norms and structures are particularly vulnerable to OGBV.
This report, supported by ICNL, seeks to understand the impact of OGBV on WHRDs in Indo-Pacific region, namely Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Nepal, and Thailand. It first examines the international legal framework governing women’s exercise of civic freedoms and OGBV and then focuses on adults who self-identify as WHRDs and live in or have been forced to relocate from the targeted countries because of their work.
Please read the full report here.