This ECNL factsheet focuses on different aspects of the right of peaceful assembly and how international standards, including the UN General Comment No. 37, apply to private gatherings. It addresses what exactly a private space where a peaceful assembly can take place is. The factsheet also asks if a state can impose the same obligations and/or restrictions on private assemblies as on the ones held in public spaces. This document covers how the protection granted by international human rights standards to protests in public spaces also applies to private gatherings in an easy to follow question and answer format.