On May 30, 2021, President Abdelmadjid Tebboune adopted two ordinances, Ordinance No. 21-08 amending and supplementing Ordinance No. 66-156 of June 8, 1966, which relates to the Penal Code, and Ordinance No. 21-09, which relates to the protection of administrative information and documents. Ordinance No. 21-08 introduces amendments to the Penal Code that broaden the definition of terrorism and establish a national list of terrorist persons and entities. Ordinance No. 21-09 enables the arbitrary prosecution of individuals for sharing information deemed sensitive by the authorities. Please see the Barriers to Operations section below in this report for more details.
Algeria’s parliamentary elections took place on June 12, 2021 and were marked by a low voter turnout of around 30% as a result of boycott calls issued by Hirak supporters. Prior to the elections, several prominent Algerian journalists and pro-Hirak activists were arrested as part of an escalating crackdown on dissent by the Algerian authorities.