Skip to main content


ICNL’s resources and information on Iraq.


ICNL works with local partner Humanitarian Help Hands (3H) to improve the legal environment for CSOs in Kurdistan. In 2018, 3H-led discussions with government entities resulted in concrete commitments by the government to amend Iraq’s CSO law and improve implementation practices, including by developing an e-registration system to make CSO registration quicker, easier, and less expensive.

Flag of Iraq (Graphic Credit: Wikimedia)

Civic Freedom Monitor


Last updated: 17 May 2023

According to the most recent Huma [...]

Civil Society Organization Sustainability Index

The index, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development for twenty years, documents the development of civil society in seventy-one countries around the world, including Iraq. ICNL and FHI 360 work with local partners to produce the index annually.


Climate change and civic space (credit:

Climate Change and Civic Space in MENA

This study maps laws and regulations that impact civic spaces, participation, and assembly specifically as it relates to climate change ... Read More
Pandemics and Human Rights

Pandemics and Human Rights

In an article for Just Security, ICNL President Douglas Rutzen and Legal Advisor Nikhil Dutta discuss government overreach during pandemics ... Read More


Safeguarding Assembly Rights Worldwide

Man wearing a blue turban is weaving rugs on a large traditional loom in Aswan, Egypt (Photo: Rawan Yasser/Unsplash)
Nearly every country's constitution recognizes the right to peaceful assembly. But since 2020, more than 150 governments have restricted this ... Read More

Middle Eastern and North African Government Responses to COVID-19

map of MENA with red dots (credit:
This page provides information on Middle Eastern and North African government responses to the coronavirus, using information from the COVID-19 ... Read More

Building Cooperation after Conflict in Iraqi Kurdistan

After the 2014 war with ISIS, Iraqi Kurdistan’s government increased restrictions on civic space, hampering civil society’s ability to do meaningful work. A turning point came in 2017, when Kurdish CSOs were able to successfully engage with the government to rebuild trust. (photo credit: funky-data)
After the war with ISIS in 2014, Kurdistan’s regional government began to increase restrictions on civil society organizations (CSOs) – ... Read More

Digital Legal Library