Corporations Act

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  • Country: Australia
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Corporations Act 2001
Act No. 50 of 2001 as amended
This compilation was prepared on 22 November 2005
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 138 of 2005
Volume 4 includes: Table of Contents
Chapter 7 (ss. 760A – 1101J)
The text of any of those amendments not in force
on that date is appended in the Notes section
The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

Corporations Act 2001 iii
Contents
Chapter 7—Financial services and markets 1
Part 7.1—Preliminary
1
Division 1—Object of Chapter and outline of Chapter 1
760A Object of Chapter …………………………………………………………………… 1
760B Outline of Chapter ………………………………………………………………….. 1
Division 2—Definitions 3
761A Definitions …………………………………………………………………………….. 3
761B Meaning of arrangement—2 or more arrangements that
together form a derivative or other financial product …………………. 12

761C Meaning of carry on a financial services business …………………….. 13
761CA Meaning of class and kind of financial products and financial
services ……………………………………………………………………………….. 13

761D Meaning of derivative……………………………………………………………. 13
761E Meaning of issued, issuer, acquire and provide in relation to
financial products…………………………………………………………………. 15

761F Meaning of person—generally includes a partnership ……………….. 17
761FA Meaning of person—generally includes multiple trustees…………… 18
761G Meaning of retail client and wholesale client ……………………………. 19
761H References to this Chapter include references to regulations
or other instruments made for the purposes of this Chapter ………… 24

Division 3—What is a financial product? 25
Subdivision A—Preliminary 25
762A Overview of approach to defining what a financial product is …….. 25
762B What if a financial product is part of a broader facility? …………….. 25
762C Meaning of facility……………………………………………………………….. 25
Subdivision B—The general definition 26
763A General definition of financial product……………………………………. 26
763B When a person makes a financial investment ……………………………. 26
763C When a person manages financial risk …………………………………….. 27
763D When a person makes non-cash payments………………………………… 28
763E What if a financial product is only incidental? ………………………….. 29
Subdivision C—Specific inclusions 30
764A Specific things that are financial products (subject to
Subdivision D)……………………………………………………………………… 30

Subdivision D—Specific exclusions 32
765A Specific things that are not financial products …………………………… 32
Division 4—When does a person provide a financial service? 36
766A When does a person provide a financial service? ………………………. 36
766B Meaning of financial product advice ……………………………………….. 36

iv Corporations Act 2001
766C Meaning of dealing……………………………………………………………….. 39
766D Meaning of makes a market for a financial product …………………… 40
766E Meaning of provide a custodial or depository service ………………… 41
Division 5—What is a financial market? 43
767A What is a financial market? ……………………………………………………. 43
Division 6—What is a clearing and settlement facility? 44
768A What is a clearing and settlement facility? ……………………………….. 44
Division 7—General provisions relating to civil and criminal
liability
46
769A Part 2.5 of Criminal Code does not apply…………………………………. 46
769B People are generally responsible for the conduct of their
agents, employees etc. …………………………………………………………… 46

769C Representations about future matters taken to be misleading
if made without reasonable grounds ………………………………………… 49

Part 7.2—Licensing of financial markets
50
Division 1—Preliminary 50
790A Definition ……………………………………………………………………………. 50
Division 2—Requirement to be licensed 51
791A Need for a licence …………………………………………………………………. 51
791B Other prohibitions on holding out……………………………………………. 51
791C Exemptions ………………………………………………………………………….. 51
791D When a market is taken to be operated in this jurisdiction ………….. 52
Division 3—Regulation of market licensees 53
Subdivision A—Licensee’s obligations 53
792A General obligations……………………………………………………………….. 53
792B Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters…………………………….. 54
792C Giving ASIC information about a listed disclosing entity …………… 56
792D Obligation to assist ASIC ………………………………………………………. 56
792E Obligation to give ASIC access to market facilities …………………… 56
792F Annual report……………………………………………………………………….. 57
792G Obligations to notify people about clearing and settlement
arrangements in certain circumstances …………………………………….. 57

792H Change of country by foreign licensee …………………………………….. 58
792I Making information about compensation arrangements
publicly available …………………………………………………………………. 59

Subdivision B—The market’s operating rules and procedures 59
793A Content of the operating rules and procedures…………………………… 59
793B Legal effect of operating rules ………………………………………………… 60
793C Enforcement of operating rules ………………………………………………. 60
793D Changing the operating rules ………………………………………………….. 61
793E Disallowance of changes to operating rules………………………………. 62

Corporations Act 2001 v
Subdivision C—Powers of the Minister and ASIC 62
794A Minister’s power to give directions …………………………………………. 62
794B Minister’s power to require special report ………………………………… 63
794C ASIC to assess licensee’s compliance ……………………………………… 63
794D ASIC’s power to give directions……………………………………………… 64
794E Additional directions to clearing and settlement facilities …………… 66
Division 4—The Australian market licence 67
Subdivision A—How to get a licence 67
795A How to apply for a licence……………………………………………………… 67
795B When a licence may be granted ………………………………………………. 67
795C Publication of notice of licence grant ………………………………………. 69
795D More than one licence in the same document ……………………………. 69
795E More than one market covered by the same licence …………………… 70
Subdivision B—The conditions on the licence 70
796A The conditions on the licence …………………………………………………. 70
Subdivision C—When a licence can be varied, suspended or
cancelled
71
797A Varying licences …………………………………………………………………… 71
797B Immediate suspension or cancellation ……………………………………… 72
797C Suspension or cancellation following hearing and report ……………. 72
797D Effect of suspension ……………………………………………………………… 73
797E Variation or revocation of suspension……………………………………… 73
797F Publication of notice of licence suspension or cancellation…………. 73
797G Suspension and cancellation only in accordance with this
Subdivision ………………………………………………………………………….. 74

Division 5—Other matters 75
798A Matters to be taken into account by the Minister ……………………….. 75
798B ASIC may give advice to Minister ………………………………………….. 76
798C Self-listing of markets …………………………………………………………… 76
798D Exemptions and modifications for self-listing licensees ……………… 77
798E Other potential conflict situations……………………………………………. 78
Part 7.3—Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
80
Division 1—Requirement to be licensed 80
820A Need for a licence …………………………………………………………………. 80
820B Other prohibitions on holding out……………………………………………. 80
820C Exemptions ………………………………………………………………………….. 81
820D When a clearing and settlement facility is taken to be
operated in this jurisdiction ……………………………………………………. 81

Division 2—Regulation of CS facility licensees 82
Subdivision A—Licensee’s obligations 82

vi Corporations Act 2001
821A General obligations……………………………………………………………….. 82
821B Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters…………………………….. 83
821BA Obligation to notify Reserve Bank of certain matters…………………. 84
821C Obligation to assist ……………………………………………………………….. 85
821D Obligation to give ASIC access to the facility …………………………… 85
821E Annual report……………………………………………………………………….. 86
821F Change of country by foreign licensee …………………………………….. 86
Subdivision B—The facility’s operating rules and procedures 87
822A Content of the operating rules and procedures…………………………… 87
822B Legal effect of operating rules ………………………………………………… 88
822C Enforcement of operating rules ………………………………………………. 88
822D Changing the operating rules ………………………………………………….. 89
822E Disallowance of changes to operating rules………………………………. 89
Subdivision C—Powers of the Minister, ASIC and the Reserve
Bank in relation to licensees
90
823A Minister’s power to give directions …………………………………………. 90
823B Minister’s power to require special report ………………………………… 90
823C ASIC to assess licensee’s compliance ……………………………………… 91
823CA Reserve Bank to assess licensee’s compliance ………………………….. 92
823D Directions power—protecting dealings in financial products
and ensuring fair and effective provision of services by CS
facilities ………………………………………………………………………………. 92

823E Directions power—reduction of systemic risk…………………………… 94
Division 3—The Australian CS facility licence 96
Subdivision A—How to get a licence 96
824A How to apply for a licence……………………………………………………… 96
824B When a licence may be granted ………………………………………………. 96
824C Publication of notice of licence grant ………………………………………. 98
824D More than one licence in the same document ……………………………. 98
824E More than one CS facility covered by the same licence ……………… 98
Subdivision B—The conditions on the licence 99
825A The conditions on the licence …………………………………………………. 99
Subdivision C—When a licence can be varied, suspended or
cancelled
100
826A Varying licences …………………………………………………………………. 100
826B Immediate suspension or cancellation ……………………………………. 101
826C Suspension or cancellation following hearing and report ………….. 101
826D Effect of suspension ……………………………………………………………. 102
826E Variation or revocation of suspension……………………………………. 102
826F Publication of notice of licence suspension or cancellation……….. 102
826G Suspension and cancellation only in accordance with this
Subdivision ………………………………………………………………………… 102

Corporations Act 2001 vii Division 4—Other matters
103
827A Matters to be taken into account by the Minister ……………………… 103
827B ASIC may give advice to Minister………………………………………… 104
827C Reserve Bank may give advice to Minister …………………………….. 104
827D Reserve Bank may determine financial stability standards………… 104
Part 7.4—Limits on involvement with licensees
107
Division 1—Limit on control of certain licensees 107
Subdivision A—15% voting power limit 107
850A Scope of Division ……………………………………………………………….. 107
850B Meaning of unacceptable control situation ……………………………… 107
850C Acquisitions of shares………………………………………………………….. 108
850D Remedial orders………………………………………………………………….. 108
850E Injunctions …………………………………………………………………………. 109
Subdivision B—Approval to exceed 15% voting power limit 109
851A Application for approval to exceed 15% voting power limit ……… 109
851B Approval of application ……………………………………………………….. 110
851C Duration of approval……………………………………………………………. 110
851D Conditions of approval ………………………………………………………… 111
851E Varying percentage approved ……………………………………………….. 112
851F Revoking an approval ………………………………………………………….. 113
851G Further information about applications…………………………………… 114
851H Time limit for Minister’s decision …………………………………………. 114
851I Preservation of voting power in relation to bodies specified
in regulations made for section 850A …………………………………….. 115

Subdivision C—Other matters 116
852A Acquisition of property………………………………………………………… 116
852B Anti-avoidance …………………………………………………………………… 116
Division 2—Individuals who are not fit and proper are
disqualified
118
853A Who is disqualified ……………………………………………………………… 118
853B When an individual is involved in an operator…………………………. 118
853C Declaration by ASIC …………………………………………………………… 118
853D Procedure for declaration……………………………………………………… 119
853E Revoking a declaration ………………………………………………………… 120
853F Obligations on disqualified individuals………………………………….. 120
853G Notification by ASIC…………………………………………………………… 120
Division 3—Miscellaneous 121
854A Record-keeping and giving of information ……………………………… 121
854B Exemptions and modifications by regulations …………………………. 122

viii Corporations Act 2001
Part 7.5—Compensation regimes for financial markets 123
Division 1—Preliminary 123
880A Part does not apply to markets licensed under special
provisions about overseas markets ………………………………………… 123

880B Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 123
Division 2—When there must be a compensation regime 125
881A Licensed markets through which participants provide
services for retail clients must generally have a
compensation regime …………………………………………………………… 125

881B Additional requirements for the licence application …………………. 125
881C What happens if an application contains information in
accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(c)…………………………………… 126

881D What happens if an application contains a statement in
accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(d) ………………………………….. 126

Division 3—Approved compensation arrangements 127
Subdivision A—Approval of compensation arrangements 127
882A How to get compensation arrangements approved with grant
of licence …………………………………………………………………………… 127

882B How to get compensation arrangements approved after
licence is granted ………………………………………………………………… 127

882C Revocation of approval………………………………………………………… 128
882D Minister’s power to give directions ……………………………………….. 128
Subdivision B—Effect of compensation rules forming part of
Division 3 arrangements
129
883A Legal effect of compensation rules ………………………………………… 129
883B Enforcement of compensation rules ………………………………………. 129
883C Other sources of funds for compensation ……………………………….. 130
883D Payment of levies ……………………………………………………………….. 130
Subdivision C—Changing Division 3 arrangements 131
884A Division 3 arrangements must generally only be changed in
accordance with this Subdivision ………………………………………….. 131

884B Changing Division 3 arrangements—matters required to be
dealt with in the compensation rules………………………………………. 132

884C Changing Division 3 arrangements—matters not required to
be dealt with in the compensation rules ………………………………….. 132

Subdivision D—Are compensation arrangements adequate? 134
885A Purpose of this Subdivision………………………………………………….. 134
885B Requirements to be complied with for arrangements to be
adequate…………………………………………………………………………….. 134

885C The losses to be covered ………………………………………………………. 135
885D Certain losses that are not Division 3 losses ……………………………. 136
885E The amount of compensation………………………………………………… 137
885F Method of payment of compensation…………………………………….. 138

Corporations Act 2001 ix
885G Making and determination of claims ……………………………………… 138
885H The source of funds—general……………………………………………….. 139
885I Administration and monitoring……………………………………………… 139
885J The losses to be covered—other matters to be taken into
account ……………………………………………………………………………… 140

Subdivision E—Other provisions about Division 3 arrangements 140
886A Only one claim in respect of the same loss ……………………………… 140
886B Regulations relating to fidelity funds……………………………………… 140
Division 4—NGF Compensation regime 141
Subdivision A—Application of Division 141
887A Markets to which this Division applies…………………………………… 141
Subdivision B—Claims for and payment of compensation 141
888A The situations in which compensation may be claimed …………….. 141
888B Kinds of compensation available …………………………………………… 141
888C Amount of compensation payable …………………………………………. 141
888D Payment of compensation…………………………………………………….. 142
888E Making and determination of claims ……………………………………… 142
888F The SEGC has power to determine claims ……………………………… 143
888G Allowing a claim does not constitute an admission of any
other liability ……………………………………………………………………… 143

888H Claimant may apply to Court if claim disallowed ……………………. 143
888I Non-NGF property of the SEGC not available to meet claims …… 144
888J The SEGC may enter into contracts of insurance or
indemnity…………………………………………………………………………… 144

888K NGF may be used to acquire financial products to be
transferred as compensation …………………………………………………. 145

Subdivision C—The NGF 145
889A Continuation of the National Guarantee Fund …………………………. 145
889B Compensation to be provided out of the NGF ………………………….145
889C The SEGC to keep the NGF…………………………………………………. 145
889D What the NGF consists of…………………………………………………….. 145
889E Power to borrow etc. for purposes of the NGF …………………………146
889F Money borrowed and paid to the SEGC…………………………………. 147
889G Money borrowed and not paid to the SEGC ……………………………. 147
889H Payments out of the NGF…………………………………………………….. 147
889I Minimum amount of the NGF………………………………………………. 148
889J Levy by the SEGC ……………………………………………………………….148
889K Levy by market operator………………………………………………………. 150
Subdivision D—The SEGC 152
890A Minister to nominate the SEGC…………………………………………….. 152
890B The SEGC’s functions and powers ………………………………………… 153
890C Delegation …………………………………………………………………………. 153

x Corporations Act 2001
890D Operating rules of the SEGC………………………………………………… 153
890E Legal effect of the SEGC’s operating rules …………………………….. 154
890F Enforcement of the SEGC’s operating rules……………………………. 154
890G Changing the SEGC’s operating rules ……………………………………. 154
890H Disallowance of changes to the SEGC’s operating rules …………… 155
Subdivision E—Other provisions relating to compensation under
this Division
155
891A Payment out of the NGF to prescribed body with
arrangements covering clearing and settlement facility
support………………………………………………………………………………. 155

891B Markets operated by bodies corporate that become members
of the SEGC—regulations may deal with transitional
provisions and other matters …………………………………………………. 156

891C Regulations may make different provision in respect of
different markets etc. …………………………………………………………… 156

Division 5—Provisions common to both kinds of compensation
arrangements
157
892A Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 157
892B How regulated funds are to be kept ……………………………………….. 157
892C Money in regulated funds may be invested …………………………….. 158
892D Powers of relevant authority to require production or
delivery of documents or statements ……………………………………… 159

892E Power to require assistance for purpose of dealing with a
claim …………………………………………………………………………………. 160

892F Relevant authority’s right of subrogation if compensation is
paid …………………………………………………………………………………… 161

892G Excess money in compensation funds……………………………………. 161
892H Accounting and reporting for regulated funds …………………………. 161
892I Division 3 arrangements—reporting in situations where
compensation does not come out of a regulated fund ……………….. 163

892J Regulations may provide for qualified privilege in respect of
certain matters ……………………………………………………………………. 163

892K Risk assessment report ………………………………………………………… 163
Division 6—Miscellaneous 165
893A Exemptions and modifications by regulations …………………………. 165
Part 7.6—Licensing of providers of financial services
166
Division 1—Preliminary 166
910A Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 166
Division 2—Requirement to be licensed or authorised 167
911A Need for an Australian financial services licence …………………….. 167
911B Providing financial services on behalf of a person who
carries on a financial services business…………………………………… 171

911C Prohibition on holding out……………………………………………………. 172

Corporations Act 2001 xi
911D When a financial services business is taken to be carried on
in this jurisdiction ……………………………………………………………….. 173

Division 3—Obligations of financial services licensees 174
912A General obligations………………………………………………………………174
912B Compensation arrangements if financial services provided to
persons as retail clients ………………………………………………………… 175

912C Direction to provide a statement ……………………………………………. 176
912CA Regulations may require information to be provided ……………….. 177
912D Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters…………………………… 177
912E Surveillance checks by ASIC……………………………………………….. 178
912F Obligation to cite licence number in documents………………………. 178
Division 4—Australian financial services licences 180
Subdivision A—How to get a licence 180
913A Applying for a licence …………………………………………………………. 180
913B When a licence may be granted …………………………………………….. 180
913C Licence numbers…………………………………………………………………. 182
Subdivision B—The conditions on the licence 182
914A The conditions on the licence ……………………………………………….. 182
Subdivision C—When a licence can be varied, suspended or
cancelled
184
915A Varying licences …………………………………………………………………. 184
915B Immediate suspension or cancellation ……………………………………. 184
915C Suspension or cancellation after offering a hearing ………………….. 186
915D Effect of suspension ……………………………………………………………. 187
915E Revocation of suspension …………………………………………………….. 187
915F Date of effect and publication of cancellation or suspension……… 187
915G Statement of reasons …………………………………………………………….188
915H ASIC may allow licence to continue in effect …………………………. 188
915I Special procedures for APRA-regulated bodies ………………………. 188
915J Variation, suspension and cancellation only under this
Subdivision ………………………………………………………………………… 189

Division 5—Authorised representatives 190
916A How representatives are authorised ……………………………………….. 190
916B Sub-authorisations ………………………………………………………………. 190
916C Authorised representative of 2 or more licensees …………………….. 191
916D Licensees cannot authorise other licensees ……………………………… 192
916E Licensees acting under a binder…………………………………………….. 192
916F Obligation to notify ASIC etc. about authorised
representatives ……………………………………………………………………. 193

916G ASIC may give licensee information about representatives ………. 194

xii Corporations Act 2001 Division 6—Liability of financial services licensees for
representatives
197
917A Application of Division ……………………………………………………….. 197
917B Responsibility if representative of only one licensee………………… 198
917C Representatives of multiple licensees …………………………………….. 198
917D Exception if lack of authority is disclosed to client ………………….. 199
917E Responsibility extends to loss or damage suffered by client ……… 199
917F Effect of Division ……………………………………………………………….. 199
Division 8—Banning or disqualification of persons from
providing financial services
201
Subdivision A—Banning orders 201
920A ASIC’s power to make a banning order………………………………….. 201
920B What is a banning order? …………………………………………………….. 201
920C Effect of banning orders ………………………………………………………. 202
920D Variation or cancellation of banning orders…………………………….. 202
920E Date of effect and publication of banning order, variation or
cancellation………………………………………………………………………… 203

920F Statement of reasons …………………………………………………………….203
Subdivision B—Disqualification by the Court 204
921A Disqualification by the Court………………………………………………… 204
Division 9—Registers relating to financial services 205
922A Registers relating to financial services …………………………………… 205
922B Inspection of Registers ………………………………………………………… 205
Division 10—Restrictions on use of terminology 206
923A Restriction on use of certain words or expressions …………………… 206
923B Restriction on use of certain words or expressions unless
authorised in licence conditions…………………………………………….. 208

Division 11—Agreements with unlicensed persons relating to the
provision of financial services
211
Subdivision A—Agreements affected 211
924A Agreements with certain unlicensed persons …………………………… 211
Subdivision B—Effect on agreements 211
925A Client may give notice of rescission………………………………………. 211
925B Effect of notice under section 925A ………………………………………. 212
925C Client may apply to Court for partial rescission ………………………. 212
925D Court may make consequential orders ……………………………………. 213
925E Agreement unenforceable against client …………………………………. 213
925F Non-licensee not entitled to recover commission …………………….. 214
925G Onus of establishing non-application of section 925E or
925F………………………………………………………………………………….. 214

925H Client may recover commission paid to non-licensee……………….. 214

Corporations Act 2001 xiii
925I Remedies under this Division additional to other remedies……….. 215
Division 12—Miscellaneous 216
926A Exemptions and modifications by ASIC…………………………………. 216
926B Exemptions and modifications by regulations …………………………. 217
Part 7.7—Financial services disclosure
218
Division 1—Preliminary 218
940A How Part applies if a financial services licensee is acting as
authorised representative ……………………………………………………… 218

940B What if there is no reasonable opportunity to give a
document, information or statement required by this Part? ……….. 218

940C How documents, information and statements are to be given…….. 219
940D General approach to offence provisions …………………………………. 221
Division 2—Person provided with financial service as retail
client to be given a Financial Services Guide
222
Subdivision A—Requirement for a Financial Services Guide to be
given
222
941A Obligation on financial services licensee to give a Financial
Services Guide if financial service provided to person as a
retail client …………………………………………………………………………. 222

941B Obligation on authorised representative to give a Financial
Services Guide if financial service provided to person as a
retail client …………………………………………………………………………. 222

941C Situations in which a Financial Services Guide is not
required……………………………………………………………………………… 223

941D Timing of giving Financial Services Guide …………………………….. 224
941E Information must be up to date ……………………………………………… 225
941F Obligation to give updated Financial Services Guide ……………….. 225
Subdivision B—Content and authorisation of Financial Services
Guide
226
942A Title of Financial Services Guide ………………………………………….. 226
942B Financial Services Guide given by financial services
licensee—main requirements………………………………………………… 226

942C Financial Services Guide given by authorised
representative—main requirements ……………………………………….. 229

942D Financial Services Guide may consist of 2 or more separate
documents given at same time ………………………………………………. 232

942DA Combining a Financial Services Guide and a Product
Disclosure Statement in a single document …………………………….. 234

942E Altering a Financial Services Guide after its preparation and
before giving it to a person …………………………………………………… 234

Subdivision C—Supplementary Financial Services Guides 235
943A What a Supplementary Financial Services Guide is …………………. 235
943B Title of Supplementary Financial Services Guide ……………………. 235

xiv Corporations Act 2001
943C Form of Supplementary Financial Services Guide …………………… 235
943D Effect of giving a person a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide ………………………………………………………………………………… 236

943E Situation in which only a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide need be given ……………………………………………………………. 236

943F Altering a Supplementary Financial Services Guide after its
preparation and before giving it to a person ……………………………. 236

Division 3—Additional requirements for personal advice
provided to a retail client
238
Subdivision A—When this Division applies 238
944A Situation in which Division applies ……………………………………….. 238
Subdivision B—Requirements relating to basis of advice 238
945A Requirement to have a reasonable basis for the advice……………… 238
945B Obligation to warn client if advice based on incomplete or
inaccurate information …………………………………………………………. 239

Subdivision C—Requirement for a Statement of Advice to be
given
240
946A Obligation to give client a Statement of Advice ………………………. 240
946B Situations in which a Statement of Advice is not required ………… 240
946C Timing of giving Statement of Advice…………………………………… 243
Subdivision D—Content of Statement of Advice 244
947A Title of Statement of Advice…………………………………………………. 244
947B Statement of Advice given by financial services licensee—
main requirements ………………………………………………………………. 245

947C Statement of Advice given by authorised representative—
main requirements ………………………………………………………………. 246

947D Additional requirements when advice recommends
replacement of one product with another………………………………… 248

947E Statement of Advice not to be combined with Financial
Services Guide or Product Disclosure Statement …………………….. 249

Subdivision E—Other matters 250
948A Qualified privilege if providing entity complies with this
Division …………………………………………………………………………….. 250

Division 4—Other disclosure requirements 251
949A General advice provided to retail client—obligation to warn
client that advice does not take account of client’s objectives,
financial situation or needs …………………………………………………… 251

949B Regulations may impose disclosure requirements in certain
situations……………………………………………………………………………. 252

Division 6—Miscellaneous 254
951A Part cannot be contracted out of……………………………………………. 254
951B Exemptions and modifications by ASIC…………………………………. 254
951C Exemptions and modifications by regulations …………………………. 255

Corporations Act 2001 xv Division 7—Enforcement
256
Subdivision A—Offences 256
952A Overview …………………………………………………………………………… 256
952B Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 256
952C Offence of failing to give a disclosure document or statement …… 258
952D Offence of giving a disclosure document or statement
knowing it to be defective ……………………………………………………. 259

952E Offence of giving a defective disclosure document or
statement (whether or not known to be defective) ……………………. 260

952F Offences of financial services licensee knowingly providing
defective disclosure material to an authorised representative …….. 262

952G Offences of financial services licensee providing disclosure
material to an authorised representative (whether or not
known to be defective) ………………………………………………………… 263

952H Offence of financial services licensee failing to ensure
authorised representative gives disclosure documents or
statements as required………………………………………………………….. 266

952I Offences if a Financial Services Guide (or Supplementary
FSG) does not comply with certain requirements…………………….. 266

952J Offence if a Statement of Advice does not comply with
certain requirements ……………………………………………………………. 267

952K Offence if authorised representative gives out unauthorised
Financial Services Guide (or Supplementary FSG) ………………….. 268

952L Offences if financial services licensee or authorised
representative becomes aware that a Financial Services
Guide (or Supplementary FSG) is defective ……………………………. 268

952M Offence of unauthorised alteration of Financial Services
Guide or Supplementary Financial Services Guide ………………….. 270

Subdivision B—Civil liability 270
953A Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 270
953B Civil action for loss or damage ……………………………………………… 272
953C Additional powers of court to make orders……………………………… 274
Part 7.8—Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected
with financial products and financial services, other
than financial product disclosure
275
Division 1—Preliminary 275
980A Matters covered by this Part …………………………………………………. 275
980B General approach to offence provisions …………………………………. 275
Division 2—Dealing with clients’ money 276
Subdivision A—Money other than loans 276
981A Money to which Subdivision applies ……………………………………… 276
981B Obligation to pay money into an account ……………………………….. 277

xvi Corporations Act 2001
981C Regulations may deal with various matters relating to
accounts maintained for the purposes of section 981B ……………… 278

981D Money related to derivatives may be used for general
margining etc. purposes ……………………………………………………….. 278

981E Protection of money from attachment etc. ………………………………. 279
981F Regulations may deal with how money to be dealt with if
licensee ceases to be licensed etc…………………………………………… 279

981G Account provider not liable merely because of licensee’s
contravention ……………………………………………………………………… 280

981H Money to which Subdivision applies taken to be held in trust……. 280
Subdivision B—Loan money 280
982A Money to which this Subdivision applies ……………………………….. 280
982B Obligation to pay money into an account ……………………………….. 281
982C Licensee to give client statement setting out terms of loan
etc. ……………………………………………………………………………………. 281

982D Permitted use of loan …………………………………………………………… 282
Subdivision C—Powers of Court 282
983A Court may freeze certain accounts …………………………………………. 282
983B Interim order freezing accounts…………………………………………….. 283
983C Duty of person to whom order directed to make full
disclosure…………………………………………………………………………… 283

983D Further orders and directions ………………………………………………… 284
983E Power of Court to make order relating to payment of money …….. 284
Division 3—Dealing with other property of clients 286
984A Property to which Division applies………………………………………… 286
984B How property to which this Division applies is to be dealt
with…………………………………………………………………………………… 286

Division 4—Special provisions relating to insurance 288
985A Definitions etc. …………………………………………………………………… 288
985B Status of amounts paid to financial services licensees in
respect of contracts of insurance……………………………………………. 288

985C Regulations may impose other requirements etc. if financial
services licensee is not the insurer …………………………………………. 289

Division 5—Obligations to report 290
986A Reporting in relation to money to which Subdivision A or B
of Division 2 applies or property to which Division 3 applies……. 290

986B Reporting in relation to dealings in derivatives ……………………….. 290
Division 6—Financial records, statements and audit 291
Subdivision A—Preliminary 291
987A Application of Division ……………………………………………………….. 291
Subdivision B—Financial records of financial services licensees 291
988A Obligation to keep financial records ………………………………………. 291

Corporations Act 2001 xvii
988B Records to be kept so that profit and loss statements and
balance sheet can be prepared and audited ……………………………… 292

988C Language of records ……………………………………………………………. 292
988D Location of records ……………………………………………………………… 292
988E Particular categories of information to be shown in records………. 292
988F Regulations may impose additional requirements ……………………. 293
988G Records taken to be made with licensee’s authority …………………. 293
Subdivision C—Financial statements of financial services licensees 294
989A Meaning of financial year……………………………………………………. 294
989B Financial services licensee to prepare and lodge annual profit
and loss statement and balance sheet ……………………………………… 294

989C Requirements as to contents and applicable accounting
principles …………………………………………………………………………… 294

989CA Audit to be conducted in accordance with auditing standards ……. 295
989D Time of lodgment ……………………………………………………………….. 295
Subdivision D—Appointment etc. of auditors 296
990A Certain provisions of this Subdivision do not apply to a body
corporate (other than a proprietary company) to which
section 327 applies……………………………………………………………… 296

990B Appointment of auditor by licensee ……………………………………….. 296
990C When a person or firm is ineligible to act as auditor ………………… 298
990D Ineligible person or firm must not consent to act or
disqualify themselves etc. …………………………………………………….. 298

990E Duration of appointment of auditors………………………………………. 298
990F Removal of auditors ……………………………………………………………. 298
990G Resignation of auditors—requirements for resignation …………….. 299
990H Resignation of auditors—when resignation takes effect ……………. 299
990I Auditor’s right of access to records, information etc. ……………….. 300
990J Auditor’s fees and expenses …………………………………………………. 300
990K Auditor to report on certain matters……………………………………….. 301
990L Qualified privilege for auditor etc. ………………………………………… 301
Division 7—Other rules about conduct 304
991A Financial services licensee not to engage in unconscionable
conduct ……………………………………………………………………………… 304

991B Financial services licensee to give priority to clients’ orders …….. 304
991C Regulations may deal with various matters relating to
instructions to deal through licensed markets ………………………….. 305

991D Regulations may require records to be kept in relation to
instructions to deal on licensed markets and foreign markets…….. 305

991E Obligations of financial services licensee in relation to
dealings with non-licensees ………………………………………………….. 306

991F Dealings involving employees of financial services licensees……. 307
Division 8—Miscellaneous 309
992A Prohibition on hawking of certain financial products ……………….. 309

xviii Corporations Act 2001
992AA Prohibition of hawking of managed investment products………….. 311
992B Exemptions and modifications by ASIC…………………………………. 312
992C Exemptions and modifications by regulations …………………………. 313
Division 9—Enforcement 314
993A Overview …………………………………………………………………………… 314
993B Offence of failing to pay client money into an account as
required……………………………………………………………………………… 314

993C Offence of failing to comply with requirements relating to
client money account ……………………………………………………………315

993D Offence of failing to pay loan money into an account as
required……………………………………………………………………………… 315

Part 7.9—Financial product disclosure and other provisions
relating to issue, sale and purchase of financial
products
316
Division 1—Preliminary 316
1010A Part generally does not apply to securities………………………………. 316
1010B Part does not apply to financial products not issued in the
course of a business …………………………………………………………….. 316

1010C Special provisions about meaning of sale and offer………………….. 316
1010D General approach to offence provisions …………………………………. 317
Division 2—Product Disclosure Statements 318
Subdivision A—Preliminary 318
1011A Jurisidictional scope of Division…………………………………………… 318
1011B Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 318
1011C Treatment of offers of options over financial products……………… 319
Subdivision B—Requirement for a Product Disclosure Statement
to be given
319
1012A Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement—personal
advice recommending particular financial product …………………… 319

1012B Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement—situations
related to issue of financial products ……………………………………… 320

1012C Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement—offers
related to sale of financial products ……………………………………….. 322

1012D Situations in which Product Disclosure Statement is not
required……………………………………………………………………………… 326

1012DA Product Disclosure Statement not required for sale
amounting to indirect issue …………………………………………………… 331

1012E Small scale offerings of managed investment and other
prescribed financial products (20 issues or sales in 12
months) ……………………………………………………………………………… 335

1012F Product Disclosure Statement for certain superannuation
products may be provided later……………………………………………… 337

Corporations Act 2001 xix
1012G Product Disclosure Statement may sometimes be provided
later…………………………………………………………………………………… 338

1012H Obligation to take reasonable steps to ensure that Product
Disclosure Statement is given to person electing to be
covered by group financial product ……………………………………….. 339

1012I Obligation to give employer a Product Disclosure Statement
in relation to certain superannuation products and RSA
products…………………………………………………………………………….. 340

1012IA Treatment of arrangements under which a person can instruct
another person to acquire a financial product ………………………….. 342

1012J Information must be up to date ……………………………………………… 346
1012K Anti-avoidance determinations……………………………………………… 346
Subdivision C—Preparation and content of Product Disclosure
Statements
347
1013A Who must prepare Product Disclosure Statement…………………….. 347
1013B Title of Product Disclosure Statement ……………………………………. 348
1013C Product Disclosure Statement content requirements…………………. 348
1013D Product Disclosure Statement content—main requirements………. 349
1013DA Information about ethical considerations etc. ………………………….. 352
1013E General obligation to include other information that might
influence a decision to acquire……………………………………………… 352

1013F General limitations on extent to which information is
required to be included ………………………………………………………… 352

1013FA Information not required to be included in PDS for
continuously quoted securities………………………………………………. 353

1013G Product Disclosure Statement must be dated …………………………… 354
1013H Requirements if Product Disclosure Statement states or
implies that financial product will be able to be traded …………….. 354

1013I Extra requirements if Product Disclosure Statement relates to
managed investment products that are ED securities………………… 355

1013J Requirements if Statement has been lodged with ASIC ……………. 356
1013K Requirements relating to consents to certain statements……………. 356
1013L Product Disclosure Statement may consist of 2 or more
separate documents given at same time ………………………………….. 357

1013M Combining a Product Disclosure Statement and a Financial
Services Guide in a single document ……………………………………… 358

Subdivision D—Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements 358
1014A What a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is …………… 358
1014B Title of Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement ……………… 358
1014C Form of Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement …………….. 359
1014D Effect of giving person a Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement …………………………………………………………………………… 359

1014E Situation in which only a Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement need be given ………………………………………………………. 359

xx Corporations Act 2001
1014F Application of other provisions in relation to Supplementary
Product Disclosure Statements ……………………………………………… 360

Subdivision E—Other requirements relating to Product
Disclosure Statements and Supplementary
Product Disclosure Statements
360
1015A Subdivision applies to Product Disclosure Statements and
Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements ……………………….. 360

1015B Some Statements must be lodged with ASIC ………………………….. 360
1015C How a Statement is to be given …………………………………………….. 361
1015D Notice, retention and access requirements for Statement that
does not need to be lodged …………………………………………………… 362

1015E Altering a Statement after its preparation and before giving it
to a person …………………………………………………………………………. 363

Subdivision F—Other rights and obligations related to Product
Disclosure Statements
363
1016A Provisions relating to use of application forms………………………… 363
1016B If Statement lodged with ASIC, financial product is not to be
issued or sold before specified period…………………………………….. 367

1016C Minimum subscription condition must be fulfilled before
issue or sale ……………………………………………………………………….. 368

1016D Condition about ability to trade on a market must be fulfilled
before issue or sale ……………………………………………………………… 368

1016E Choices open to person making the offer if disclosure
condition not met or Product Disclosure Statement defective ……. 370

1016F Remedies for person acquiring financial product under
defective Product Disclosure Document…………………………………. 374

Division 3—Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a
financial product
376
1017A Obligation to give additional information on request ……………….. 376
1017B Ongoing disclosure of material changes and significant
events………………………………………………………………………………… 378

1017C Information for existing holders of superannuation products
and RSA products……………………………………………………………….. 380

1017D Periodic statements for retail clients for financial products
that have an investment component……………………………………….. 384

1017DA Trustees of superannuation entities—regulations may specify
additional obligations to provide information………………………….. 387

1017E Dealing with money received for financial product before the
product is issued…………………………………………………………………. 388

1017F Confirming transactions ………………………………………………………. 390
1017G Certain product issuers and regulated persons must meet
appropriate dispute resolution requirements ……………………………. 396

Division 4—Advertising for financial products 398
1018A Advertising or other promotional material for financial
product must refer to Product Disclosure Statement…………………. 398

Corporations Act 2001 xxi
1018B Prohibition on advertising personal offers covered by
section 1012E ……………………………………………………………………..401

Division 5—Cooling-off periods 402
1019A Situations in which this Division applies ………………………………… 402
1019B Cooling-off period for return of financial product ……………………. 402
Division 5A—Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products
off-market
405
1019C Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 405
1019D Offers to which this Division applies …………………………………….. 405
1019E How offers are to be made……………………………………………………. 406
1019F Prohibition on inviting offers to sell ………………………………………. 407
1019G Duration and withdrawal of offers …………………………………………. 407
1019H Terms of offer cannot be varied…………………………………………….. 407
1019I Contents of offer document ………………………………………………….. 408
1019J Obligation to update market value …………………………………………. 408
1019K Rights if requirements of Division not complied with ………………. 410
Division 6—Miscellaneous 413
1020A Offers etc. relating to certain managed investment schemes
not to be made in certain circumstances …………………………………. 413

1020B Short selling of securities, managed investment products and
certain other financial products …………………………………………….. 413

1020C ASIC’s power to prohibit short selling in certain cases …………….. 417
1020D Part cannot be contracted out of……………………………………………. 418
1020E Stop orders by ASIC……………………………………………………………. 418
1020F Exemptions and modifications by ASIC…………………………………. 420
1020G Exemptions and modifications by regulations …………………………. 421
Division 7—Enforcement 423
Subdivision A—Offences 423
1021A Overview …………………………………………………………………………… 423
1021B Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 423
1021C Offence of failing to give etc. a disclosure document or
statement……………………………………………………………………………. 425

1021D Offence of preparer of defective disclosure document or
statement giving the document or statement knowing it to be
defective ……………………………………………………………………………. 427

1021E Offence of preparer of defective disclosure document or
statement giving the document or statement (whether or not
known to be defective) ………………………………………………………… 428

1021F Offence of regulated person (other than preparer) giving
disclosure document or statement knowing it to be defective…….. 429

1021FA Paragraph 1012G(3)(a) obligation—offences relating to
communication of information ……………………………………………… 429

xxii Corporations Act 2001
1021FB Paragraph 1012G(3)(a) obligation—offences relating to
information provided by product issuer for communication
by another person……………………………………………………………….. 430

1021G Offence of financial services licensee failing to ensure
authorised representative gives etc. disclosure documents or
statements as required………………………………………………………….. 433

1021H Offences if a Product Disclosure Statement (or
Supplementary PDS) does not comply with certain
requirements ………………………………………………………………………. 433

1021I Offence of giving disclosure document or statement that has
not been prepared by the appropriate person …………………………… 434

1021J Offences if preparer etc. of disclosure document or statement
becomes aware that it is defective …………………………………………. 435

1021K Offence of unauthorised alteration of Product Disclosure
Statement (or Supplementary PDS) ……………………………………….. 436

1021L Offences of giving, or failing to withdraw, consent to
inclusion of defective statement ……………………………………………. 437

1021M Offences relating to keeping and providing copies of Product
Disclosure Statements (or Supplementary PDSs) …………………….. 438

1021N Offence of failing to provide additional information
requested under section 1017A………………………………………………439

1021O Offences of issuer or seller of financial product failing to pay
money into an account as required ………………………………………… 439

1021P Offences relating to offers to which Division 5A applies ………….. 440
Subdivision B—Civil liability 442
1022A Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 442
1022B Civil action for loss or damage ……………………………………………… 444
1022C Additional powers of court to make orders……………………………… 449
Part 7.10—Market misconduct and other prohibited conduct
relating to financial products and financial services
450
Division 1—Preliminary 450
1040A Content of Part……………………………………………………………………. 450
Division 2—The prohibited conduct (other than insider trading
prohibitions)
451
1041A Market manipulation …………………………………………………………… 451
1041B False trading and market rigging—creating a false or
misleading appearance of active trading etc. …………………………… 451

1041C False trading and market rigging—artificially maintaining
etc. trading price …………………………………………………………………. 453

1041D Dissemination of information about illegal transactions……………. 453
1041E False or misleading statements ……………………………………………… 454
1041F Inducing persons to deal ………………………………………………………. 455
1041G Dishonest conduct ………………………………………………………………. 456
1041H Misleading or deceptive conduct (civil liability only) ………………. 456

Corporations Act 2001 xxiii
1041I Civil action for loss or damage for contravention of
sections 1041E to 1041H ………………………………………………………458

1041J Sections of this Division have effect independently of each
other………………………………………………………………………………….. 459

1041K Division applies to certain conduct to the exclusion of State
Fair Trading Acts provisions ………………………………………………… 459

Division 2A—Proportionate liability for misleading and
deceptive conduct
461
1041L Application of Division ……………………………………………………….. 461
1041M Certain concurrent wrongdoers not to have benefit of
apportionment…………………………………………………………………….. 461

1041N Proportionate liability for apportionable claims ………………………. 462
1041O Defendant to notify plaintiff of concurrent wrongdoer of
whom defendant aware ………………………………………………………… 463

1041P Contribution not recoverable from defendant ………………………….. 463
1041Q Subsequent actions ……………………………………………………………… 464
1041R Joining non-party concurrent wrongdoer in the action ……………… 464
1041S Application of Division ……………………………………………………….. 464
Division 3—The insider trading prohibitions 465
Subdivision A—Preliminary 465
1042A Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 465
1042B Application of Division ……………………………………………………….. 466
1042C When information is generally available……………………………….. 466
1042D When a reasonable person would take information to have a
material effect on price or value of Division 3 financial
products…………………………………………………………………………….. 467

1042E Division 3 financial products taken to be able to be traded
despite suspensions or section 794D directions ……………………….. 467

1042F Inciting, inducing or encouraging an act or omission
constitutes procuring the omission ………………………………………… 467

1042G Information in possession of officer of body corporate …………….. 468
1042H Information in possession of partner or employee of
partnership …………………………………………………………………………. 468

Subdivision B—The prohibited conduct 469
1043A Prohibited conduct by person in possession of inside
information ………………………………………………………………………… 469

1043B Exception for withdrawal from registered scheme …………………… 470
1043C Exception for underwriters …………………………………………………… 471
1043D Exception for acquisition pursuant to legal requirement …………… 471
1043E Exception for information communicated pursuant to a legal
requirement………………………………………………………………………… 471

1043F Chinese wall arrangements by bodies corporate ………………………. 472
1043G Chinese wall arrangements by partnerships etc. ………………………. 472

xxiv Corporations Act 2001
1043H Exception for knowledge of person’s own intentions or
activities ……………………………………………………………………………. 473

1043I Exception for bodies corporate ……………………………………………… 473
1043J Exception for officers or agents of body corporate…………………… 474
1043K Transactions by holder of financial services licence or a
representative of the holder of such a licence ………………………….. 474

1043L A specific situation in which a compensation order under
section 1317HA may be made ………………………………………………. 475

1043M Defences to prosecution for an offence ………………………………….. 479
1043N Relief from civil liability ……………………………………………………… 480
1043O Powers of Court ………………………………………………………………….. 481
Division 4—Defences, relief and limits on liability 482
1044A General defence or relief for publishers………………………………….. 482
1044B Limit on liability for misleading or deceptive conduct ……………… 482
Division 5—Miscellaneous 484
1045A Exemptions and modifications by regulations …………………………. 484
Part 7.11—Title and transfer
485
Division 1—Title to certain securities 485
1070A Nature of shares and certain other interests in a company or
registered scheme ……………………………………………………………….. 485

1070B Numbering of shares……………………………………………………………. 486
1070C Matters to be specified in share certificate ……………………………… 487
1070D Loss or destruction of title documents for certain securities………. 487
Division 2—Transfer of certain securities 490
Subdivision A—General provisions 490
1071A Application of the Subdivision to certain securities …………………. 490
1071B Instrument of transfer………………………………………………………….. 490
1071C Occupation need not appear in transfer document, register
etc. ……………………………………………………………………………………. 492

1071D Registration of transfer at request of transferor ……………………….. 493
1071E Notice of refusal to register transfer ………………………………………. 494
1071F Remedy for refusal to register transfer or transmission…………….. 494
1071G Certification of transfers ………………………………………………………. 495
1071H Duties of company with respect to issue of certificates …………….. 496
Subdivision B—Special provisions for shares 498
1072A Transmission of shares on death (replaceable rule—see
section 135)……………………………………………………………………….. 498

1072B Transmission of shares on bankruptcy (replaceable rule—see
section 135)……………………………………………………………………….. 499

1072C Rights of trustee of estate of bankrupt shareholder…………………… 499
1072D Transmission of shares on mental incapacity (replaceable
rule—see section 135)…………………………………………………………. 501

Corporations Act 2001 xxv
1072E Trustee etc. may be registered as owner of shares ……………………. 502
1072F Registration of transfers (replaceable rule—see section 135)……. 504
1072G Additional general discretion for directors of proprietary
companies to refuse to register transfers (replaceable rule—
see section 135)………………………………………………………………….. 504

1072H Notices relating to non-beneficial and beneficial ownership
of shares…………………………………………………………………………….. 505

Division 3—Transfer of certain securities effected otherwise
than through a prescribed CS facility
509
1073A Application of the Division to certain securities………………………. 509
1073B Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 509
1073C Application of Division to certain bodies as if they were
companies ………………………………………………………………………….. 510

1073D Regulations may govern transfer of certain securities ………………. 510
1073E ASIC may extend regulations to securities not otherwise
covered ……………………………………………………………………………… 512

1073F Operation of this Division and regulations made for its
purposes…………………………………………………………………………….. 513

Division 4—Transfer of financial products effected through
prescribed CS facility
515
1074A Financial products to which this Division applies ……………………. 515
1074B Definitions …………………………………………………………………………. 515
1074C Operating rules of prescribed CS facility may deal with
transfer of title ……………………………………………………………………. 515

1074D Valid and effective transfer if operating rules complied with …….. 516
1074E Regulations may govern transfer of financial products in
accordance with operating rules of prescribed CS facility…………. 516

1074F Issuer protected from civil liability for person’s
contravention of prescribed CS facility’s certificate
cancellation rules ………………………………………………………………… 519

1074G Operation of this Division and regulations made for its
purposes…………………………………………………………………………….. 519

Division 5—Exemptions and modifications 521
1075A ASIC’s power to exempt and modify …………………………………….. 521
Part 7.12—Miscellaneous
523
Division 1—Qualified privilege 523
1100A Qualified privilege for information given to ASIC …………………… 523
1100B Qualified privilege for the conduct of market licensees and
CS facility licensees ……………………………………………………………. 523

1100C Qualified privilege for information given to market licensees
and CS facility licensees etc. ………………………………………………… 525

1100D Extension of protections given by this Division ………………………. 525

xxvi Corporations Act 2001 Division 2—Other matters
526
1101A Approved codes of conduct………………………………………………….. 526
1101B Power of Court to make certain orders …………………………………… 526
1101C Preservation and disposal of records etc. ………………………………… 531
1101D Destruction of records by ASIC……………………………………………. 532
1101E Concealing etc. of books ………………………………………………………532
1101F Falsification of records ………………………………………………………… 533
1101G Precautions against falsification of records …………………………….. 534
1101GA How Part 9.3 applies to books required to be kept by this
Chapter etc…………………………………………………………………………. 534

1101H Contravention of Chapter does not generally affect validity
of transactions etc. ………………………………………………………………. 535

1101I Gaming and wagering laws do not affect validity of contracts
relating to financial products………………………………………………… 535

1101J Delegation …………………………………………………………………………. 535

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Object of Chapter and outline of Chapter Division 1

Section 760A

Corporations Act 2001 1
Chapter 7—Financial services and markets
Part 7.1—Preliminary
Division 1—Object of Chapter and outline of Chapter
760A Object of Chapter
The main object of this Chapter is to promote:
(a) confident and informed decision making by consumers of
financial products and services while facilitating efficiency,
flexibility and innovation in the provision of those products
and services; and
(b) fairness, honesty and professionalism by those who provide
financial services; and
(c) fair, orderly and transparent markets for financial products;
and
(d) the reduction of systemic risk and the provision of fair and
effective services by clearing and settlement facilities.
760B Outline of Chapter
An outline of this Chapter is set out in the table below.

Part-by-Part outline of Chapter 7

Part… Covers…
1 7.1 definitions of key concepts and of commonly occurring expressions
2 7.2 licensing of financial markets
other matters relating to financial markets
3 7.3 licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
other matters relating to clearing and settlement facilities
4 7.4 limitation on ownership of certain licensees
individuals who are disqualified from being involved in certain
licensees
5 7.5 compensation regimes for financial markets

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 1 Object of Chapter and outline of Chapter

Section 760B

2 Corporations Act 2001
Part-by-Part outline of Chapter 7

Part… Covers…
6 7.6 licensing of providers of financial services
other related matters (e.g. restrictions on use of terminology;
agreements with unlicensed persons relating to provision of
financial services)
7 7.7 disclosure requirements for financial services licensees and their
authorised representatives
disclosure requirements for certain people who are not required to
be licensed
8 7.8 other conduct requirements for financial services licensees (e.g.
dealing with client money and property; financial records,
statements and audit)
special provisions relating to insurance
9 7.9 financial product disclosure requirements
other requirements relating to issue, sale and purchase of financial
products
10 7.10 market misconduct and other prohibited conduct relating to
financial products and services
11 7.11 title to, and transfer of, certain securities and other financial
products
12 7.12 qualified privilege in certain situations
other miscellaneous matters

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761A

Corporations Act 2001 3

Division 2—Definitions
761A Definitions
In this Chapter:
able to be traded, in relation to a market, includes (but is not
limited to) admitted to quotation on the market.
acquire, in relation to a financial product, has a meaning affected
by section 761E.
arrangement means, subject to section 761B, a contract,
agreement, understanding, scheme or other arrangement (as
existing from time to time):
(a) whether formal or informal, or partly formal and partly
informal; and
(b) whether written or oral, or partly written and partly oral; and
(c) whether or not enforceable, or intended to be enforceable, by
legal proceedings and whether or not based on legal or
equitable rights.
Australian CS facility licence means a licence under section 824B
that authorises a person to operate a clearing and settlement
facility.
Australian financial services licence means a licence under
section 913B that authorises a person who carries on a financial
services business to provide financial services.
Australian market licence means a licence under section 795B that
authorises a person to operate a financial market.
authorised representative of a financial services licensee means a
person authorised in accordance with section 916A or 916B to
provide a financial service or financial services on behalf of the
licensee.
basic deposit product means a deposit product that is a facility in
relation to which the following conditions are satisfied:
(a) the terms applicable to the facility (the governing terms) do
not permit the amount from time to time standing to the

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761A

4 Corporations Act 2001 credit of the facility to be reduced otherwise than in
consequence of one or more of the following:
(i) a withdrawal, transfer or debit on the instruction of, or
by authority of, the depositor, not being on account of
entry fees, exit fees or charges for the management of
the funds (but this does not exclude charges for the
maintenance of the facility itself);
(ii) a payment of charges or duties on deposits into, or
withdrawals from, the facility that are payable under a
law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory;
(iii) a payment that a law of the Commonwealth, or of a
State or Territory, requires to be made out of the
facility;
(iv) a payment that an order of a court requires to be made
out of the facility;
(v) the exercise of a right to combine accounts;
(vi) the correction of an error;
(vii) any other circumstances specified in regulations made
for the purposes of this subparagraph; and
(b) any return to be generated for the depositor on the amount
from time to time standing to the credit of the facility is an
amount that is set out in, or that is calculated by reference to
a rate or rates that are set out in, the governing terms; and
(c) either:
(i) there is no minimum period before which funds cannot
be withdrawn or transferred from the facility without a
reduction in the return generated for the depositor; or
(ii) if there is such a period, it expires on or before the end
of the period of 5 years starting on the day on which
funds were first deposited in the facility; and
(d) unless subparagraph (c)(ii) applies and the period referred to
in that subparagraph expires on or before the end of the
period of 2 years starting on the day on which funds were
first deposited in the facility—funds are able to be withdrawn
or transferred from the facility on the instruction of, or by
authority of, the depositor:
(i) without any prior notice to the ADI that makes the
facility available; or
(ii) if the ADI that makes the facility available is included
in a class of ADIs specified in regulations made for the

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761A

Corporations Act 2001 5 purposes of this subparagraph—subject to a prior notice
requirement that does not exceed the period specified in
those regulations in relation to that class of ADIs;
whether or not the withdrawal or transfer will attract a
reduction in the return generated for the depositor as
mentioned in subparagraph (c)(i); and
(e) any other conditions specified in regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph.
binder means an authorisation given to a person by a financial
services licensee who is an insurer to do either or both of the
following:
(a) enter into contracts that are risk insurance products on behalf
of the insurer as insurer; or
(b) deal with and settle, on behalf of the insurer, claims relating
to risk insurance products against the insurer as insurer;
but does not include an authorisation of a kind referred to in
paragraph (a) that is limited to effecting contracts of insurance by
way of interim cover unless there is also in existence an authority
given by the insurer to the person to enter into, on behalf of the
insurer and otherwise than by way of interim cover, contracts of
insurance.
carried on in this jurisdiction, in relation to a financial services
business, has a meaning affected by section 911D.
certificate cancellation provisions, in relation to a prescribed CS
facility, means the provisions of the facility’s operating rules that
deal with:
(a) the cancellation of documents of title to financial products
transferred through the facility; and
(b) matters incidental to the cancellation of those documents.
class, in relation to financial products or financial services, has a
meaning affected by regulations made for the purposes of
section 761CA.
clearing and settlement facility has the meaning given by
Division 6.
CS facility licensee means a person who holds an Australian CS
facility licence.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761A

6 Corporations Act 2001 custodial or depository service that a person provides has the
meaning given by section 766E.
dealing in a financial product has the meaning given by
section 766C (and deal has a corresponding meaning).
deposit product means a financial product described in paragraph
764A(1)(i).
derivative has the meaning given by section 761D.
dispose, in relation to a financial product, includes terminate or
close out the legal relationship that constitutes the financial
product.
disqualified individual means an individual who is disqualified
within the meaning given by section 853A.
employer-sponsor has the same meaning as in the Superannuation
Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.
financial market has the meaning given by Division 5.
financial product has the meaning given by Division 3.
Note: References in this Chapter to financial products have effect subject to
particular express exclusions for particular purposes—see e.g.
sections 1010A and 1074A.
financial product advice has the meaning given by section 766B.
financial product advice law means:
(a) a provision of Chapter 7 that covers conduct relating to the
provision of financial product advice (whether or not it also
covers other conduct), but only in so far as it covers conduct
relating to the provision of financial product advice; or
(b) a provision of Chapter 9 as it applies in relation to a
provision referred to in paragraph (a); or
(c) a provision of Division 2 of Part 2 of the ASIC Act that
covers conduct relating to the provision of financial product
advice (whether or not it also covers other conduct), but only
in so far as it covers conduct relating to the provision of
financial product advice; or
(d) any other Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation that
covers conduct relating to the provision of financial product

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761A

Corporations Act 2001 7 advice (whether or not it also covers other conduct), but only
in so far as it covers conduct relating to the provision of
financial product advice.
financial service has the meaning given by Division 4.
financial services business means a business of providing financial
services.
Note: The meaning of carry on a financial services business is affected by
section 761C.
Financial Services Guide means a Financial Services Guide
required by section 941A or 941B to be given in accordance with
Division 2 of Part 7.7.
financial services law means:
(a) a provision of this Chapter or of Chapter 5C, 6, 6A, 6B, 6C
or 6D; or
(b) a provision of Chapter 9 as it applies in relation to a
provision referred to in paragraph (a); or
(c) a provision of Division 2 of Part 2 of the ASIC Act; or
(d) any other Commonwealth, State or Territory legislation that
covers conduct relating to the provision of financial services
(whether or not it also covers other conduct), but only in so
far as it covers conduct relating to the provision of financial
services.
financial services licensee means a person who holds an
Australian financial services licence.
foreign exchange contract means a contract:
(a) to buy or sell currency (whether Australian or not); or
(b) to exchange one currency (whether Australian or not) for
another (whether Australian or not).
funeral benefit means a benefit that consists of the provision of
funeral, burial or cremation services, with or without the supply of
goods connected with such services.
further market-related advice means advice to which subsection
946B(1) applies.
general advice has the meaning given by subsection 766B(4).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761A

8 Corporations Act 2001 general insurance product means a financial product described in
paragraph 764A(1)(d).
holder, in relation to a financial product, means the person to
whom the financial product was issued, or if it has (since issue)
been disposed of to another person who has not themselves
disposed of it, that other person (and hold has a corresponding
meaning).
insurance product means a financial product described in
paragraph 764A(1)(d), (e) or (f).
investment life insurance product means a financial product
described in paragraph 764A(1)(f).
involved in a market licensee or CS facility licensee, or in an
applicant for such a licence, has the meaning given by
section 853B.
issue, in relation to a financial product, has a meaning affected by
section 761E.
issuer, in relation to a financial product, has a meaning affected by
section 761E.
kind, in relation to financial products or financial services, has a
meaning affected by regulations made for the purposes of
section 761CA.
licensed CS facility means a clearing and settlement facility the
operation of which is authorised by an Australian CS facility
licence.
licensed market means a financial market the operation of which is
authorised by an Australian market licence.
life risk insurance product means a financial product described in
paragraph 764A(1)(e).
listing rules of a financial market, or proposed financial market,
means any rules (however described) that are made by the operator
of the market, or contained in the operator’s constitution, and that
deal with:
(a) admitting entities to, or removing entities from, the market’s
official list, whether for the purpose of enabling financial

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761A

Corporations Act 2001 9 products of those entities to be traded on the market or for
other purposes; or
(b) the activities or conduct of entities that are included on that
list.
lodge with ASIC, when used in a provision of this Chapter in
relation to which regulations made for the purposes of this
definition state that the lodgment is to be in a prescribed form,
means lodge with ASIC in a prescribed form.
Note: See section 350 for the meaning of lodge in a prescribed form.
makes a market for a financial product has the meaning given by
section 766D.
managed investment product means a financial product described
in paragraph 764A(1)(b).
market licensee means a person who holds an Australian market
licence.
operated in this jurisdiction:
(a) in relation to a financial market, has a meaning affected by
section 791D; and
(b) in relation to a clearing and settlement facility, has a meaning
affected by section 820D.
operating rules:
(a) of a clearing and settlement facility, or proposed clearing and
settlement facility, means any rules (however described)
made by the operator of the facility, or contained in the
operator’s constitution, that deal with:
(i) the activities or conduct of the facility; or
(ii) the activities or conduct of persons in relation to the
facility;
but does not include any such rules that deal with matters in
respect of which licensed CS facilities must have written
procedures under regulations made for the purposes of
subsection 822A(2); or
(b) of a financial market, or proposed financial market, means
any rules (however described), including the market’s listing
rules (if any), that are made by the operator of the market, or
contained in the operator’s constitution, and that deal with:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761A

10 Corporations Act 2001 (i) the activities or conduct of the market; or
(ii) the activities or conduct of persons in relation to the
market;
but does not include:
(iii) any such rules that deal with matters in respect of which
licensed markets must have written procedures under
regulations made for the purposes of subsection
793A(2); or
(iv) compensation rules within the meaning of Part 7.5.
participant:
(a) in relation to a clearing and settlement facility, means a
person who is allowed to directly participate in the facility
under the facility’s operating rules and, when used in any of
the following provisions, also includes a recognised affiliate
in relation to the facility:
(i) paragraph 821B(2)(b);
(ii) section 822B;
(iii) subsection 915F(2);
(iv) any other provisions prescribed by regulations made for
the purposes of this subparagraph; and
(b) in relation to a financial market, means a person who is
allowed to directly participate in the market under the
market’s operating rules and, when used in any of the
following provisions, also includes a recognised affiliate in
relation to the market:
(i) paragraph 792B(2)(b);
(ii) section 793B;
(iii) section 883A;
(iv) subsection 915F(2);
(v) paragraphs 923B(3)(a) and (b);
(vi) any other provisions prescribed by regulations made for
the purposes of this subparagraph.
person has a meaning affected by section 761F (which deals with
partnerships) and section 761FA (which deals with multiple
trustees).
personal advice has the meaning given by subsection 766B(3).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761A

Corporations Act 2001 11 prescribed CS facility means a licensed CS facility that is
prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this definition.
Product Disclosure Statement means a Product Disclosure
Statement:
(a) required by section 1012A, 1012B, 1012C or 1012I to be
given in accordance with Division 2 of Part 7.9; or
(b) that section 1012H requires an issuer of a financial product to
take reasonable steps to ensure is given to a new group
member in accordance with Division 2 of Part 7.9.
provide, in relation to a financial product, has a meaning affected
by section 761E.
recognised affiliate, in relation to a clearing and settlement facility
or a financial market, means a person who is:
(a) recognised by the operating rules of the facility or market as
a suitably qualified affiliate of the facility or market; and
(b) involved in the carrying on of a financial services business
(including as an employee, director or in some other
capacity).
relevant personal circumstances, in relation to advice provided or
to be provided to a person in relation to a matter, are such of the
person’s objectives, financial situation and needs as would
reasonably be considered to be relevant to the advice.
retail client has the meaning given by section 761G.
risk insurance product means a financial product described in
paragraph 764A(1)(d) or (e).
RSA product means a financial product described in paragraph
764A(1)(h).
security means:
(a) a share in a body; or
(b) a debenture of a body; or
(c) a legal or equitable right or interest in a security covered by
paragraph (a) or (b); or
(d) an option to acquire, by way of issue, a security covered by
paragraph (a), (b) or (c);

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761B

12 Corporations Act 2001 but does not include an excluded security. In Part 7.11, it also
includes a managed investment product.
self-managed superannuation fund has the same meaning as in
the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.
Statement of Advice means a Statement of Advice required by
section 946A to be given in accordance with Subdivisions C and D
of Division 3 of Part 7.7.
superannuation entity has the same meaning as in the
Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.
superannuation product means a financial product described in
paragraph 764A(1)(g).
Supplementary Financial Services Guide has the meaning given
by section 943A.
Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement has the meaning
given by section 1014A.
title document, for a financial product, means a certificate or other
document evidencing ownership of the financial product.
wholesale client has the meaning given by section 761G.
761B Meaning of arrangement—2 or more arrangements that
together form a derivative or other financial product
If:
(a) an arrangement, when considered by itself, does not
constitute a derivative, or some other kind of financial
product; and
(b) that arrangement, and one or more other arrangements, if
they had instead been a single arrangement, would have
constituted a derivative or other financial product; and
(c) it is reasonable to assume that the parties to the arrangements
regard them as constituting a single scheme;
the arrangements are, for the purposes of this Part, to be treated as
if they together constituted a single arrangement.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761C

Corporations Act 2001 13
761C Meaning of carry on a financial services business
In working out whether someone carries on a financial services
business, Division 3 of Part 1.2 needs to be taken into account.
However, paragraph 21(3)(e) does not apply for the purposes of
this Chapter.
761CA Meaning of class and kind of financial products and financial
services
The regulations may include provisions identifying, or providing
for the identification of, what constitutes a class or kind of
financial products or financial services for the purposes of a
provision or provisions of this Chapter.
761D Meaning of derivative
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, subject to subsections (2), (3) and
(4), a derivative is an arrangement in relation to which the
following conditions are satisfied:
(a) under the arrangement, a party to the arrangement must, or
may be required to, provide at some future time consideration
of a particular kind or kinds to someone; and
(b) that future time is not less than the number of days,
prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this
paragraph, after the day on which the arrangement is entered
into; and
(c) the amount of the consideration, or the value of the
arrangement, is ultimately determined, derived from or varies
by reference to (wholly or in part) the value or amount of
something else (of any nature whatsoever and whether or not
deliverable), including, for example, one or more of the
following:
(i) an asset;
(ii) a rate (including an interest rate or exchange rate);
(iii) an index;
(iv) a commodity.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), anything declared by the
regulations to be a derivative for the purposes of this section is a

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761D

14 Corporations Act 2001 derivative for the purposes of this Chapter. A thing so declared is a
derivative despite anything in subsections (3) and (4).
(3) Subject to subsection (2), the following are not derivatives for the
purposes of this Chapter even if they are covered by the definition
in subsection (1):
(a) an arrangement in relation to which subparagraphs (i), (ii)
and (iii) are satisfied:
(i) a party has, or may have, an obligation to buy, and
another party has, or may have, an obligation to sell,
tangible property (other than Australian or foreign
currency) at a price and on a date in the future; and
(ii) the arrangement does not permit the seller’s obligations
to be wholly settled by cash, or by set-off between the
parties, rather than by delivery of the property; and
(iii) neither usual market practice, nor the rules of a licensed
market or a licensed CS facility, permits the seller’s
obligations to be closed out by the matching up of the
arrangement with another arrangement of the same kind
under which the seller has offsetting obligations to buy;
but only to the extent that the arrangement deals with that
purchase and sale;
(b) a contract for the future provision of services;
(c) anything that is covered by a paragraph of subsection
764A(1), other than paragraph (c) of that subsection;
(d) anything declared by the regulations not to be a derivative for
the purposes of this Chapter.
(4) Subject to subsection (2), an arrangement under which one party
has an obligation to buy, and the other has an obligation to sell,
property is not a derivative for the purposes of this Chapter merely
because the arrangement provides for the consideration to be
varied by reference to a general inflation index such as the
Consumer Price Index.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761E

Corporations Act 2001 15
761E Meaning of issued, issuer, acquire and provide in relation to
financial products
General
(1) This section defines when a financial product is issued to a person.
It also defines who the issuer of a financial product is. If a
financial product is issued to a person:
(a) the person acquires the product from the issuer; and
(b) the issuer provides the product to the person.
Note: Some financial products can also be acquired from, or provided by,
someone other than the issuer (e.g. on secondary trading in financial
products).
Issuing a financial product
(2) Subject to this section, a financial product is issued to a person
when it is first issued, granted or otherwise made available to a
person.
(3) Subject to this section, a financial product specified in the table is
issued to a person when the event specified for that product occurs:

When particular financial products are issued
Item Financial product Event
1 superannuation
product the person becomes a member of the
fund concerned
2 RSA product the account concerned is opened in
the person’s name
3 derivative the person enters into the legal
relationship that constitutes the
financial product
(3A) For the avoidance of doubt, none of the following are taken to give
rise to the issue of a financial product to a person (the client):
(a) the client making a further contribution to a superannuation
fund of which the client is already a member;
(aa) an employer of the client making a further contribution, for
the benefit of the client, to a superannuation fund of which
the client is already a member;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761E

16 Corporations Act 2001 (b) the client making a further deposit into an RSA maintained in
the client’s name;
(c) the client making a further payment under a life insurance
investment product;
(d) the client making a further deposit into a deposit product;
(e) the client engaging in conduct specified in regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph in relation to a financial
product already held by the client.
Issuer of a financial product
(4) Subject to this section, the issuer, in relation to a financial product
issued to a person (the client), is the person responsible for the
obligations owed, under the terms of the facility that is the product:
(a) to, or to a person nominated by, the client; or
(b) if the product has been transferred from the client to another
person and is now held by that person or another person to
whom it has subsequently been transferred—to, or to a
person nominated by, that person or that other person.
Note: For example, the issuer of a direct debit facility is the financial
institution with which the account to be debited is held, rather than the
persons to whom payments can be made using the facility.
(5) Subject to subsection (7), each person who is a party to a financial
product that:
(a) is a derivative; and
(b) is not entered into, or acquired, on a financial market;
is taken to be an issuer of the product.
Note 1: Under paragraph (1)(a), each person who is a party to the derivative
will also acquire the financial product at the time of its issue as
specified in subsection (3).
Note 2: Although each party to the derivative is an issuer, whether any
particular party has disclosure or other obligations under this Chapter
will depend on the circumstances (e.g. whether the issue occurs in the
course of a business of issuing financial products and whether any of
the other parties is a retail client).
(6) Subject to subsection (7), the issuer of a financial product that:
(a) is a derivative; and
(b) is entered into, or acquired, on a financial market;
is taken to be:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761F

Corporations Act 2001 17 (c) if the product is entered into, or acquired, on the market
through an arrangement made by a financial services licensee
acting on behalf of another person—the financial services
licensee; or
(d) if the product is entered into, or acquired, on the market
through an arrangement made by an authorised representative
of a financial services licensee acting on behalf of another
person (not being the licensee)—the financial services
licensee; or
(e) if neither paragraph (c) nor (d) applies—the market operator.
(7) The regulations may make provision determining all or any of the
following for the purposes of this Chapter:
(a) the meaning of issue (and/or related parts of speech,
including issuer) in relation to a class of financial products;
(b) the meaning of acquire (and/or related parts of speech) in
relation to a class of financial products;
(c) the meaning of provide (and/or related parts of speech) in
relation to a class of financial products.
Regulations made for the purposes of this subsection have effect
despite anything else in this section.
761F Meaning of person—generally includes a partnership
(1) This Chapter applies to a partnership as if the partnership were a
person, but it applies with the following changes:
(a) obligations that would be imposed on the partnership are
imposed instead on each partner, but may be discharged by
any of the partners;
(b) any contravention of a provision of this Chapter, or a
provision of this Act that relates to a requirement in a
provision of this Chapter, that would otherwise be a
contravention by the partnership is taken (whether for the
purposes of criminal or civil liability) to have been a
contravention by each partner who:
(i) aided, abetted, counselled or procured the relevant act or
omission; or
(ii) was in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the
relevant act or omission (whether directly or indirectly
and whether by any act or omission of the partner).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761FA

18 Corporations Act 2001 (2) For the purposes of this Chapter, a change in the composition of a
partnership does not affect the continuity of the partnership.
(3) Subsections (1) and (2) have effect subject to:
(a) an express or implied contrary intention in a provision or
provisions of this Chapter; and
(b) the regulations, which may exclude or modify the effect of
those subsections in relation to specified provisions.
761FA Meaning of person—generally includes multiple trustees
(1) This section applies in relation to a trust while the trust continues
to have:
(a) 2 or more trustees; or
(b) a single trustee who was a trustee of the trust at a time when
it had 2 or more trustees.
(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), during a period while this
section applies to a trust, this Chapter applies to the trust as if the
trustee or trustees of the trust from time to time during the period
constituted a single legal entity (the notional entity) that remained
the same for the duration of that period.
Note: So, for example, while this section applies to a trust, a licence granted
under this Chapter to the trustees of the trust will continue in force,
despite a change in the persons who are the trustees.
(3) During any period or part of a period while this section applies to a
trust and the trust has 2 or more trustees, this Chapter applies to the
trustees as mentioned in subsection (2), but it applies with the
following changes:
(a) obligations that would be imposed on the notional entity are
imposed instead on each trustee, but may be discharged by
any of the trustees;
(b) any contravention of a provision of this Chapter, or a
provision of this Act that relates to a requirement in a
provision of this Chapter, that would otherwise be a
contravention by the notional entity is taken (whether for the
purposes of criminal or civil liability) to have been a
contravention by each trustee who:
(i) aided, abetted, counselled or procured the relevant act or
omission; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761G

Corporations Act 2001 19 (ii) was in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the
relevant act or omission (whether directly or indirectly
and whether by any act or omission of the trustee).
(4) During any period or part of a period while this section applies to a
trust and the trust has only one trustee, this Chapter applies to the
trustee as mentioned in subsection (2), but it applies with the
following changes:
(a) obligations that would be imposed on the notional entity are
imposed instead on that single trustee;
(b) any contravention of a provision of this Chapter, or a
provision of this Act that relates to a requirement in a
provision of this Chapter, that would otherwise be a
contravention by the notional entity is taken (whether for the
purposes of criminal or civil liability) to have been a
contravention by that single trustee.
(5) Subsections (2), (3) and (4) have effect subject to:
(a) an express or implied contrary intention in a provision or
provisions of this Chapter; and
(b) the regulations, which may exclude or modify the effect of
those subsections in relation to specified provisions.
761G Meaning of retail client and wholesale client
Providing a financial product or financial service to a person as a
retail client
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial product or a financial
service is provided to a person as a retail client unless
subsection (5), (6) or (7) provides otherwise.
Note: The references in this section to providing a financial product to a
person are not to be taken to imply that the provision of a financial
product is not also the provision of a financial service (see the
meaning of dealing in section 766C).
Acquiring a financial product or financial service as a retail client
(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, a person to whom a financial
product or financial service is provided as a retail client is taken to
acquire the product or service as a retail client.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761G

20 Corporations Act 2001 Disposing of a financial product as a retail client
(3) If a financial product is provided to a person as a retail client, any
subsequent disposal of all or part of that product by the person is,
for the purposes of this Chapter, a disposal by the person as a retail
client.
Wholesale clients
(4) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial product or a financial
service is provided to, or acquired by, a person as a wholesale
client if it is not provided to, or acquired by, the person as a retail
client.
General insurance products
(5) For the purposes of this Chapter, if a financial product is, or a
financial service provided to a person relates to, a general
insurance product, the product or service is provided to the person
as a retail client if:
(a) either:
(i) the person is an individual; or
(ii) the insurance product is or would be for use in
connection with a small business (see subsection (12));
and
(b) the general insurance product is:
(i) a motor vehicle insurance product (as defined in the
regulations); or
(ii) a home building insurance product (as defined in the
regulations); or
(iii) a home contents insurance product (as defined in the
regulations); or
(iv) a sickness and accident insurance product (as defined in
the regulations); or
(v) a consumer credit insurance product (as defined in the
regulations); or
(vi) a travel insurance product (as defined in the
regulations); or
(vii) a personal and domestic property insurance product (as
defined in the regulations); or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761G

Corporations Act 2001 21 (viii) a kind of general insurance product prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph.
In any other cases, the provision to a person of a financial product
that is, or a financial service that relates to, a general insurance
product does not constitute the provision of a financial product or
financial service to the person as a retail client.
Superannuation products and RSA products
(6) For the purposes of this Chapter:
(a) if a financial product provided to a person is a
superannuation product or an RSA product, the product is
provided to the person as a retail client; and
(b) if a financial service (other than the provision of a financial
product) provided to a person who is not covered by
subparagraph (c)(i) or (ii) relates to a superannuation product
or an RSA product, the service is provided to the person as a
retail client; and
(c) if a financial service (other than the provision of a financial
product) provided to a person who is:
(i) the trustee of a superannuation fund, an approved
deposit fund, a pooled superannuation trust or a public
sector superannuation scheme (within the meaning of
the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993)
that has net assets of at least $10 million; or
(ii) an RSA provider (within the meaning of the Retirement
Savings Accounts Act 1997);
relates to a superannuation product or an RSA product, that does
not constitute the provision of a financial service to the person as a
retail client.
Other kinds of financial product
(7) For the purposes of this Chapter, if a financial product is not, or a
financial service provided to a person does not relate to, a general
insurance product, a superannuation product or an RSA product,
the product or service is provided to the person as a retail client
unless one or more of the following paragraphs apply:
(a) the price for the provision of the financial product, or the
value of the financial product to which the financial service
relates, equals or exceeds the amount specified in regulations

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761G

22 Corporations Act 2001 made for the purposes of this paragraph as being applicable
in the circumstances (but see also subsection (10)); or
(b) the financial product, or the financial service, is provided for
use in connection with a business that is not a small business
(see subsection (12));
(c) the financial product, or the financial service, is not provided
for use in connection with a business, and the person who
acquires the product or service gives the provider of the
product or service, before the provision of the product or
service, a copy of a certificate given within the preceding 6
months by a qualified accountant (as defined in section 9)
that states that the person:
(i) has net assets of at least the amount specified in
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;
or
(ii) has a gross income for each of the last 2 financial years
of at least the amount specified in regulations made for
the purposes of this subparagraph a year;
(d) the person is a professional investor.
Offence proceedings—defendant bears evidential burden in
relation to matters referred to in paragraphs (7)(a) to (d)
(8) In a prosecution for an offence based on a provision of this
Chapter, a defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the
matters in paragraphs (7)(a) to (d) as if those matters were
exceptions for the purposes of subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal
Code.
Other proceedings relating to subsection (7) products—
presumption in non-criminal proceedings of retail client unless
contrary established
(9) If:
(a) it is alleged in a proceeding under this Chapter (not being a
prosecution for an offence), or in any other proceeding (not
being a prosecution for an offence) in respect of a matter
arising under this Chapter, that a particular financial product
or financial service was provided to a person as a retail
client; and
(b) the product or the service is one to which subsection (7)
applies;

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
Definitions Division 2

Section 761G

Corporations Act 2001 23 it is presumed that the product or service was provided to the
person as a retail client unless the contrary is established.
Note 1: There is no such presumption in relation to the provision of a product
or service that is or relates to a general insurance product, a
superannuation product or an RSA product. Whether or not such a
product, or a service relating to such a product, was provided to a
person as a retail client is to be resolved as provided in subsection (5)
or (6), as the case requires.
Note 2: In criminal proceedings, a defendant bears an evidential burden in
relation to the matters in paragraphs (7)(a) to (d) (see subsection (8)).
Regulations and paragraph (7)(a)
(10) In addition to specifying an amount or amounts for the purposes of
paragraph (7)(a), the regulations may do either or both of the
following:
(a) deal with how a price or value referred to in that paragraph is
to be calculated, either generally or in relation to a specified
class of financial products;
(b) modify the way in which that paragraph applies in particular
circumstances.
Regulations and paragraph (7)(c)
(10A) In addition to specifying amounts for the purposes of
subparagraphs (7)(c)(i) and (ii), the regulations may do either or
both of the following:
(a) deal with how net assets referred to in subparagraph (7)(c)(i)
are to be determined and valued, either generally or in
specified circumstances;
(b) deal with how gross income referred to in
subparagraph (7)(c)(ii) is to be calculated, either generally or
in specified circumstances.
What happens if a package of general insurance products and
other kinds of financial products is provided?
(11) If:
(a) either:
(i) in a single transaction, 2 or more financial products are
provided to a person; or
(ii) a single financial service provided to a person relates to
2 or more financial products; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 2 Definitions

Section 761H

24 Corporations Act 2001 (b) one or more, but not all, of the financial products are general
insurance products;
subsection (5) applies to the transaction or service so far as it
relates to the general insurance products, and subsection (6) or (7),
as the case requires, applies to the transaction or service so far as it
relates to other financial products.
Definition
(12) In this section:
small business means a business employing less than:
(a) if the business is or includes the manufacture of goods—100
people; or
(b) otherwise—20 people.
761H References to this Chapter include references to regulations or
other instruments made for the purposes of this Chapter
(1) A reference in a provision of this Chapter to this Chapter, or to a
particular provision or group of provisions of this Chapter, includes
(unless a contrary intention appears) a reference to regulations, or
other instruments, made for the purposes of this Chapter, or for the
purposes of that provision or any of those provisions, as the case
requires.
(2) Subsection (1) has effect as if provisions in Part 10.2 (transitional
provisions) that relate to matters dealt with in this Chapter were
part of this Chapter.

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What is a financial product? Division 3

Section 762A

Corporations Act 2001 25

Division 3—What is a financial product?
Subdivision A—Preliminary
762A Overview of approach to defining what a financial product is
General definition
(1) Subdivision B sets out a general definition of financial product.
Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a facility is a financial product if
it falls within that definition.
Specific inclusions
(2) Subdivision C identifies, or provides for the identification of, kinds
of facilities that, subject to subsection (3), are financial products
(whether or not they are within the general definition).
Overriding exclusions
(3) Subdivision D identifies, or provides for the identification of, kinds
of facilities that are not financial products. These facilities are not
financial products:
(a) even if they are within the general definition; and
(b) even if they are within a class of facilities identified as
mentioned in subsection (2).
762B What if a financial product is part of a broader facility?
If a financial product is a component of a facility that also has
other components, this Chapter, in applying to the financial
product, only applies in relation to the facility to the extent it
consists of the component that is the financial product.
Note: So, e.g., Part 7.9 does not require disclosures to be made in relation to
those other components.
762C Meaning of facility
In this Division:
facility includes:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 3 What is a financial product?

Section 763A

26 Corporations Act 2001 (a) intangible property; or
(b) an arrangement or a term of an arrangement (including a term
that is implied by law or that is required by law to be
included); or
(c) a combination of intangible property and an arrangement or
term of an arrangement.
Note: 2 or more arrangements may be taken to constitute a single
arrangement—see section 761B.
Subdivision B—The general definition
763A General definition of financial product
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial product is a facility
through which, or through the acquisition of which, a person does
one or more of the following:
(a) makes a financial investment (see section 763B);
(b) manages financial risk (see section 763C);
(c) makes non-cash payments (see section 763D).
This has effect subject to section 763E.
(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, a particular facility that is of a
kind through which people commonly make financial investments,
manage financial risks or make non-cash payments is a financial
product even if that facility is acquired by a particular person for
some other purpose.
(3) A facility does not cease to be a financial product merely because:
(a) the facility has been acquired by a person other than the
person to whom it was originally issued; and
(b) that person, in acquiring the product, was not making a
financial investment or managing a financial risk.
763B When a person makes a financial investment
For the purposes of this Chapter, a person (the investor) makes a
financial investment if:
(a) the investor gives money or money’s worth (the
contribution) to another person and any of the following
apply:

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What is a financial product? Division 3

Section 763C

Corporations Act 2001 27 (i) the other person uses the contribution to generate a
financial return, or other benefit, for the investor;
(ii) the investor intends that the other person will use the
contribution to generate a financial return, or other
benefit, for the investor (even if no return or benefit is in
fact generated);
(iii) the other person intends that the contribution will be
used to generate a financial return, or other benefit, for
the investor (even if no return or benefit is in fact
generated); and
(b) the investor has no day-to-day control over the use of the
contribution to generate the return or benefit.
Note 1: Examples of actions that constitute making a financial investment
under this subsection are:
(a) a person paying money to a company for the issue to the person
of shares in the company (the company uses the money to
generate dividends for the person and the person, as a
shareholder, does not have control over the day-to-day affairs of
the company); or
(b) a person contributing money to acquire interests in a registered
scheme from the responsible entity of the scheme (the scheme
uses the money to generate financial or other benefits for the
person and the person, as a member of the scheme, does not have
day-to-day control over the operation of the scheme).
Note 2: Examples of actions that do not constitute making a financial
investment under this subsection are:
(a) a person purchasing real property or bullion (while the property
or bullion may generate a return for the person, it is not a return
generated by the use of the purchase money by another person);
or
(b) a person giving money to a financial services licensee who is to
use it to purchase shares for the person (while the purchase of the
shares will be a financial investment made by the person, the
mere act of giving the money to the licensee will not of itself
constitute making a financial investment).
763C When a person manages financial risk
For the purposes of this Chapter, a person manages financial risk
if they:
(a) manage the financial consequences to them of particular
circumstances happening; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 3 What is a financial product?

Section 763D

28 Corporations Act 2001 (b) avoid or limit the financial consequences of fluctuations in,
or in the value of, receipts or costs (including prices and
interest rates).
Note 1: Examples of actions that constitute managing a financial risk are:
(a) taking out insurance; or
(b) hedging a liability by acquiring a futures contract or entering into
a currency swap.
Note 2: An example of an action that does not constitute managing a financial
risk is employing a security firm (while that is a way of managing the
risk that thefts will happen, it is not a way of managing the financial
consequences if thefts do occur).
763D When a person makes non-cash payments
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a person makes non-cash
payments if they make payments, or cause payments to be made,
otherwise than by the physical delivery of Australian or foreign
currency in the form of notes and/or coins.
Note: Examples of actions that constitute making non-cash payments are:
(a) making payments by means of a facility for direct debit of a
deposit account; or
(b) making payments by means of a facility for the use of cheques;
or
(c) making payments by means of a purchased payment facility
within the meaning of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act
1998, such as a smart card; or
(d) making payments by means of traveller’s cheques (whether
denominated in Australian or foreign currency).
(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, the following are not making
non-cash payments, even if they might otherwise be covered by
subsection (1):
(a) making payments by means of a facility in relation to which
one of the following applies:
(i) there is only one person to whom payments can be made
by means of the facility;
(ii) the facility is, or is of a kind, specified in the regulations
as being a facility that is not to be covered by this
section because of restrictions relating to the number of
people to whom payments can be made by means of the

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
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What is a financial product? Division 3

Section 763E

Corporations Act 2001 29 facility, or relating to the number of persons who can
use the facility to make payments;
(b) making payments by means of:
(i) a letter of credit from a financial institution; or
(ii) a cheque drawn by a financial institution on itself; or
(iii) a guarantee given by a financial institution.
763E What if a financial product is only incidental?
(1) If:
(a) something (the incidental product) that, but for this section,
would be a financial product because of this Subdivision is:
(i) an incidental component of a facility that also has other
components; or
(ii) a facility that is incidental to one or more other
facilities; and
(b) it is reasonable to assume that the main purpose of:
(i) if subparagraph (a)(i) applies—the facility referred to in
that subparagraph, when considered as a whole; or
(ii) if subparagraph (a)(ii) applies—the incidental product,
and the other facilities referred to in that subparagraph,
when considered as a whole;
is not a financial product purpose;
the incidental product is not a financial product because of this
Subdivision (however, it may still be a financial product because of
Subdivision C).
(2) In this section:
financial product purpose means a purpose of:
(a) making a financial investment; or
(b) managing financial risk; or
(c) making non-cash payments.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 3 What is a financial product?

Section 764A

30 Corporations Act 2001
Subdivision C—Specific inclusions
764A Specific things that are financial products (subject to
Subdivision D)
(1) Subject to Subdivision D, the following are financial products for
the purposes of this Chapter:
(a) a security;
(b) any of the following in relation to a registered scheme:
(i) an interest in the scheme;
(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest
covered by subparagraph (i);
(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right
covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);
(ba) any of the following in relation to a managed investment
scheme that is not a registered scheme, other than a scheme
(whether or not operated in this jurisdiction) in relation to
which none of paragraphs 601ED(1)(a), (b) and (c) are
satisfied:
(i) an interest in the scheme;
(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest
covered by subparagraph (i);
(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right
covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);
(c) a derivative;
(d) a contract of insurance that is not a life policy, or a sinking
fund policy, within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act
1995, but not including such a contract of insurance:
(i) to the extent that it provides for a benefit to be provided
by an association of employees that is an organisation
within the meaning of the Workplace Relations Act
1996 for a member of the organisation or a dependant of
a member; or
(ii) to the extent that it provides for benefits, pensions or
payments described in paragraph 11(3)(c) of the Life
Insurance Act 1995; or
(iii) to the extent that it provides for the provision of a
funeral benefit; or
(iv) issued by an employer to an employee of the employer;

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What is a financial product? Division 3

Section 764A

Corporations Act 2001 31 (e) a life policy, or a sinking fund policy, within the meaning of
the Life Insurance Act 1995, that is a contract of insurance,
but not including such a policy:
(i) to the extent that it provides for a benefit to be provided
by an association of employees that is an organisation
within the meaning of the Workplace Relations Act
1996 for a member of the organisation or a dependant of
a member; or
(ii) to the extent that it provides for benefits, pensions or
payments described in paragraph 11(3)(c) of the Life
Insurance Act 1995; or
(iii) to the extent that it provides for the provision of a
funeral benefit; or
(iv) issued by an employer to an employee of the employer;
(f) a life policy, or a sinking fund policy, within the meaning of
the Life Insurance Act 1995, that is not a contract of
insurance, but not including such a policy:
(i) to the extent that it provides for a benefit to be provided
by an association of employees that is an organisation
within the meaning of the Workplace Relations Act
1996 for a member of the organisation or a dependant of
a member; or
(ii) to the extent that it provides for benefits, pensions or
payments described in paragraph 11(3)(c) of the Life
Insurance Act 1995; or
(iii) to the extent that it provides for the provision of a
funeral benefit; or
(iv) issued by an employer to an employee of the employer;
(g) a superannuation interest within the meaning of the
Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993;
(h) an RSA (retirement savings account) within the meaning of
the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997;
(i) any deposit-taking facility made available by an ADI (within
the meaning of the Banking Act 1959) in the course of its
banking business (within the meaning of that Act), other than
an RSA (RSAs are covered by paragraph (h));
(j) a debenture, stock or bond issued or proposed to be issued by
a government;
(k) a foreign exchange contract that is not:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 3 What is a financial product?

Section 765A

32 Corporations Act 2001 (i) a derivative (derivatives are covered by paragraph (c));
or
(ii) a contract to exchange one currency (whether Australian
or not) for another that is to be settled immediately;
(m) anything declared by the regulations to be a financial product
for the purposes of this section.
Note: Even though something is expressly excluded from one of these
paragraphs, it may still be a financial product (subject to Subdivision
D) either because:
(a) it is covered by another of these paragraphs; or
(b) it is covered by the general definition in Subdivision B.
(1A) If a single contract of insurance provides 2 or more kinds of cover,
paragraph (1)(d) applies separately in relation to that contract, in
relation to each of those kinds of cover, as if the contract only
provided that kind of cover.
Note: Because of this subsection (including as it is affected by
subsection (1B)), a single contract of insurance may constitute 2 or
more separate general insurance products.
(1B) If a contract of insurance provides a kind of cover in relation to 2
or more kinds of asset, subsection (1A) applies to the contract, in
relation to each of those kinds of asset, as if the cover provided by
the contract in relation to that kind of asset constituted a separate
kind of cover.
(2) For the purpose of paragraphs (1)(d), (e) and (f) and
subsections (1A) and (1B), contract of insurance includes:
(a) a contract that would ordinarily be regarded as a contract of
insurance even if some of its provisions are not by way of
insurance; and
(b) a contract that includes provisions of insurance in so far as
those provisions are concerned, even if the contract would
not ordinarily be regarded as a contract of insurance.
Subdivision D—Specific exclusions
765A Specific things that are not financial products
(1) Despite anything in Subdivision B or Subdivision C, the following
are not financial products for the purposes of this Chapter:
(a) an excluded security;

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What is a financial product? Division 3

Section 765A

Corporations Act 2001 33 (b) an undertaking by a body corporate to pay money to a related
body corporate;
(c) health insurance provided as part of a health insurance
business (as defined in subsection 67(4) of the National
Health Act 1953);
(d) insurance provided by the Commonwealth;
(e) State insurance or Northern Territory insurance, including
insurance entered into by:
(i) a State or the Northern Territory; and
(ii) some other insurer;
as joint insurers;
(f) insurance entered into by the Export Finance and Insurance
Corporation, other than a short-term insurance contract
within the meaning of the Export Finance and Insurance
Corporation Act 1991;
(g) reinsurance;
(h) any of the following:
(i) a credit facility within the meaning of the regulations;
(ii) a facility for making non-cash payments (see
section 763D), if payments made using the facility will
all be debited to a credit facility covered by
subparagraph (i);
(i) a facility:
(i) that is an approved RTGS system within the meaning of
the Payment Systems and Netting Act 1998; or
(ii) for the transmission and reconciliation of non-cash
payments (see section 763D), and the establishment of
final positions, for settlement through an approved
RTGS system within the meaning of the Payment
Systems and Netting Act 1998;
(j) a facility that is a designated payment system for the
purposes of the Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998;
(k) a facility for the exchange and settlement of non-cash
payments (see section 763D) between providers of non-cash
payment facilities;
(l) a facility that is:
(i) a financial market; or
(ii) a clearing and settlement facility; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 3 What is a financial product?

Section 765A

34 Corporations Act 2001 (iii) a payment system operated as part of a clearing and
settlement facility;
(m) a contract to exchange one currency (whether Australian or
not) for another that is to be settled immediately;
(n) so much of an arrangement as is not a derivative because of
paragraph 761D(3)(a);
(p) an arrangement that is not a derivative because of subsection
761D(4);
(q) an interest in a superannuation fund of a kind prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;
(r) any of the following:
(i) an interest in something that is not a managed
investment scheme because of paragraph (c), (e), (f),
(k), (l) or (m) of the definition of managed investment
scheme in section 9;
(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest
covered by subparagraph (i);
(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right
covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);
(s) any of the following in relation to a managed investment
scheme (whether or not operated in this jurisdiction) in
relation to which none of paragraphs 601ED(1)(a), (b) and
(c) are satisfied and that is not a registered scheme:
(i) an interest in the scheme;
(ii) a legal or equitable right or interest in an interest
covered by subparagraph (i);
(iii) an option to acquire, by way of issue, an interest or right
covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii);
(t) a deposit-taking facility that is, or is used for, State banking;
(u) a benefit provided by an association of employees that is an
organisation within the meaning of the Workplace Relations
Act 1996 for a member of the organisation or a dependant of
a member;
(v) either of the following:
(i) a contract of insurance; or
(ii) a life policy or a sinking fund policy, within the
meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995, that is not a
contract of insurance;
issued by an employer to an employee of the employer;

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
What is a financial product? Division 3

Section 765A

Corporations Act 2001 35 (w) a funeral benefit;
(x) physical equipment or physical infrastructure by which
something else that is a financial product is provided;
(y) a facility, interest or other thing declared by regulations made
for the purposes of this subsection not to be a financial
product;
(z) a facility, interest or other thing declared by ASIC under
subsection (2) not to be a financial product.
(2) ASIC may declare that a specified facility, interest or other thing is
not a financial product for the purposes of this Chapter. The
declaration must be in writing and ASIC must publish notice of it
in the Gazette.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 4 When does a person provide a financial service?

Section 766A

36 Corporations Act 2001

Division 4—When does a person provide a financial
service?
766A When does a person provide a financial service?
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, subject to paragraph (2)(b), a
person provides a financial service if they:
(a) provide financial product advice (see section 766B); or
(b) deal in a financial product (see section 766C); or
(c) make a market for a financial product (see section 766D); or
(d) operate a registered scheme; or
(e) provide a custodial or depository service (see section 766E);
or
(f) engage in conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph.
(2) The regulations may set out:
(a) the circumstances in which persons facilitating the provision
of a financial service (for example, by publishing
information) are taken also to provide that service; or
(b) the circumstances in which persons are taken to provide, or
are taken not to provide, a financial service.
(3) To avoid doubt, a person’s conduct is not the provision of a
financial service if it is done in the course of work of a kind
ordinarily done by clerks or cashiers.
(4) For the purposes of this section, a person is not operating a
registered scheme merely because:
(a) they are acting as an agent or employee of another person; or
(b) they are taking steps to wind up the scheme.
766B Meaning of financial product advice
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, financial product advice means a
recommendation or a statement of opinion, or a report of either of
those things, that:
(a) is intended to influence a person or persons in making a
decision in relation to a particular financial product or class

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When does a person provide a financial service? Division 4

Section 766B

Corporations Act 2001 37 of financial products, or an interest in a particular financial
product or class of financial products; or
(b) could reasonably be regarded as being intended to have such
an influence.
(1A) However, subject to subsection (1B), the provision or giving of an
exempt document or statement does not constitute the provision of
financial product advice.
(1B) Subsection (1A) does not apply for the purpose of determining
whether a recommendation or statement of opinion made by an
outside expert, or a report of such a recommendation or statement
of opinion, that is included in an exempt document or statement is
financial product advice provided by the outside expert.
(2) There are 2 types of financial product advice: personal advice and
general advice.
(3) For the purposes of this Chapter, personal advice is financial
product advice that is given or directed to a person (including by
electronic means) in circumstances where:
(a) the provider of the advice has considered one or more of the
person’s objectives, financial situation and needs; or
(b) a reasonable person might expect the provider to have
considered one or more of those matters.
(4) For the purposes of this Chapter, general advice is financial
product advice that is not personal advice.
(5) The following advice is not financial product advice:
(a) advice given by a lawyer in his or her professional capacity,
about matters of law, legal interpretation or the application of
the law to any facts;
(b) except as may be prescribed by the regulations—any other
advice given by a lawyer in the ordinary course of activities
as a lawyer, that is reasonably regarded as a necessary part of
those activities;
(c) except as may be prescribed by the regulations—advice
given by a tax agent registered under Part VIIA of the
Income Tax Assessment Act 1936, that is given in the
ordinary course of activities as such an agent and that is
reasonably regarded as a necessary part of those activities.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 4 When does a person provide a financial service?

Section 766B

38 Corporations Act 2001 (6) If:
(a) in response to a request made by a person (the inquirer) to
another person (the provider), the provider tells the inquirer
the cost, or an estimate of the likely cost, of a financial
product (for example, an insurance product); and
(b) that cost or estimate is worked out, or said by the provider to
be worked out, by reference to a valuation of an item (for
example, a house or car to which an insurance policy would
relate), being a valuation that the provider suggests or
recommends to the inquirer;
the acts of telling the inquirer the cost, or estimated cost, and
suggesting or recommending the valuation, do not, of themselves,
constitute the making of a recommendation (or the provision of any
other kind of financial product advice) relating to the financial
product.
(7) If:
(a) in response to a request made by a person (the inquirer) to
another person (the provider), the provider tells the inquirer
information about:
(i) the cost of a financial product; or
(ii) the rate of return on a financial product; or
(iii) any other matter identified in regulations made for the
purposes of this subparagraph; and
(b) the request could also have been complied with (but was not
also so complied with) by telling the inquirer equivalent
information about one or more other financial products;
the act of telling the inquirer the information does not, of itself,
constitute the making of a recommendation (or the provision of any
other kind of financial product advice) in relation to the financial
product referred to in paragraph (a).
(8) Subsections (5), (6) and (7) are not intended to affect, in any way,
the determination of whether situations not covered by those
subsections do, or do not, constitute the provision of financial
product advice.
(9) In this section:
exempt document or statement means:
(a) a document prepared, or a statement given, in accordance
with requirements of this Chapter, other than:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
When does a person provide a financial service? Division 4

Section 766C

Corporations Act 2001 39 (i) a Statement of Advice; or
(ii) a document or statement of a kind prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;
or
(b) any other document or statement of a kind prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
outside expert, in relation to an exempt document or statement,
means an expert who is not:
(a) the person by whom, or on whose behalf, the exempt
document or statement was prepared; or
(b) an employee or director of that person.
766C Meaning of dealing
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, the following conduct (whether
engaged in as principal or agent) constitutes dealing in a financial
product:
(a) applying for or acquiring a financial product;
(b) issuing a financial product;
(c) in relation to securities or managed investment interests—
underwriting the securities or interests;
(d) varying a financial product;
(e) disposing of a financial product.
(2) Arranging for a person to engage in conduct referred to in
subsection (1) is also dealing in a financial product, unless the
actions concerned amount to providing financial product advice.
(3) A person is taken not to deal in a financial product if the person
deals in the product on their own behalf (whether directly or
through an agent or other representative), unless:
(a) the person is an issuer of financial products; and
(b) the dealing is in relation to one or more of those products.
(3A) For the purposes of subsection (3), a person (the agent) who deals
in a product as an agent or representative of another person (the
principal) is not taken to deal in the product on the agent’s own
behalf, even if that dealing, when considered as a dealing by the
principal, is a dealing by the principal on the principal’s own
behalf.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 4 When does a person provide a financial service?

Section 766D

40 Corporations Act 2001 (4) Also, a transaction entered into by a person who is, or who
encompasses or constitutes in whole or in part, any of the
following entities:
(a) a government or local government authority;
(b) a public authority or instrumentality or agency of the Crown;
(c) a body corporate or an unincorporated body;
is taken not to be dealing in a financial product by that person if
the transaction relates only to:
(d) securities of that entity; or
(e) if the entity is a government—debentures, stocks or bonds
issued or proposed to be issued by that government.
(5) Paragraph (4)(c) does not apply if the entity:
(a) carries on a business of investment in securities, interests in
land or other investments; and
(b) in the course of carrying on that business, invests funds
subscribed, whether directly or indirectly, after an offer or
invitation to the public (within the meaning of section 82)
made on terms that the funds subscribed would be invested.
(6) A transaction entered into by a sub-underwriter of an issue of
securities that relates only to the sub-underwriting is taken not to
be dealing in a financial product.
(7) The regulations may prescribe conduct that is taken to be, or not to
be, dealing in a financial product. Regulations made for the
purposes of this subsection have effect despite anything else in this
section.
766D Meaning of makes a market for a financial product
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a person makes a market for a
financial product if:
(a) either through a facility, at a place or otherwise, the person
regularly states the prices at which they propose to acquire or
dispose of financial products on their own behalf; and
(b) other persons have a reasonable expectation that they will be
able to regularly effect transactions at the stated prices; and
(c) the actions of the person do not, or would not if they
happened through a facility or at a place, constitute operating

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
When does a person provide a financial service? Division 4

Section 766E

Corporations Act 2001 41 a financial market because of the effect of paragraph
767A(2)(a).
(2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply to a person stating prices at which
they propose to acquire or dispose of financial products if:
(a) the person is the issuer of the products; and
(b) the products are superannuation products, managed
investment products or financial products referred to in
paragraph 764A(1)(ba) (which relates to unregistered
managed investment schemes).
766E Meaning of provide a custodial or depository service
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a person (the provider) provides a
custodial or depository service to another person (the client) if,
under an arrangement between the provider and the client, or
between the provider and another person with whom the client has
an arrangement, (whether or not there are also other parties to any
such arrangement), a financial product, or a beneficial interest in a
financial product, is held by the provider in trust for, or on behalf
of, the client or another person nominated by the client.
(2) The following provisions apply in relation to a custodial or
depository service:
(a) subject to paragraph (b), for the purposes of this Chapter, the
time at which a custodial or depository service is provided is
the time when the financial product or beneficial interest
concerned is first held by the provider as mentioned in
subsection (1);
(b) for the purposes of Part 7.6, and of any other provisions of
this Act prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of
this paragraph, the continued holding of the financial product
or beneficial interest concerned by the provider as mentioned
in subsection (1) also constitutes the provision of a custodial
or depository service.
Note: Because of paragraph (a) (subject to regulations made for the purposes
of paragraph (b)), the requirements of Part 7.7 relating to financial
services disclosure need only be complied with before the product or
interest is first held by the provider. However, because of
paragraph (b), the provider will be subject to the licensing and related
requirements of Part 7.6 for so long as they continue to hold the
product or interest.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 4 When does a person provide a financial service?

Section 766E

42 Corporations Act 2001 (3) However, the following conduct does not constitute providing a
custodial or depository service:
(a) the operation of a clearing and settlement facility;
(b) the operation of a registered scheme, or the holding of the
assets of a registered scheme;
(c) the operation of a regulated superannuation fund, an
approved deposit fund or a pooled superannuation trust
(within the meaning of the Superannuation Industry
(Supervision) Act 1993) by the trustees of that fund or trust;
(ca) the operation of a statutory fund by a life company (within
the meaning of the Life Insurance Act 1995);
(d) the provision of services to a related body corporate;
(e) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
What is a financial market? Division 5

Section 767A

Corporations Act 2001 43

Division 5—What is a financial market?
767A What is a financial market?
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial market is a facility
through which:
(a) offers to acquire or dispose of financial products are
regularly made or accepted; or
(b) offers or invitations are regularly made to acquire or dispose
of financial products that are intended to result or may
reasonably be expected to result, directly or indirectly, in:
(i) the making of offers to acquire or dispose of financial
products; or
(ii) the acceptance of such offers.
(2) However, the following conduct does not constitute operating a
financial market for the purposes of this Chapter:
(a) a person making or accepting offers or invitations to acquire
or dispose of financial products on the person’s own behalf,
or on behalf of one party to the transaction only, unless the
regulations specify circumstances in which such conduct
does constitute operating a financial market and the person’s
conduct occurs in circumstances so specified;
(b) conducting treasury operations between related bodies
corporate;
(c) a person, being the holder of a licence under an Australian
law relating to the licensing of auctioneers, conducting an
auction of forfeited shares;
(d) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 6 What is a clearing and settlement facility?

Section 768A

44 Corporations Act 2001

Division 6—What is a clearing and settlement facility?
768A What is a clearing and settlement facility?
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a clearing and settlement facility
is a facility that provides a regular mechanism for the parties to
transactions relating to financial products to meet obligations to
each other that:
(a) arise from entering into the transactions; and
(b) are of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes
of this paragraph.
Example 1: A facility that provides a regular mechanism for stockbrokers to pay
for the shares they buy and to be paid for the shares they sell, and for
records of those transactions to be processed to facilitate registration
of the new ownership of the shares, would be a clearing and
settlement facility (assuming that the relevant obligations are of a kind
prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this section).
Example 2: A facility that provides a regular mechanism for registering trade in
derivatives on a futures market and that enables the calculation of
payments that market participants owe by way of margins would also
be a clearing and settlement facility (assuming that the relevant
obligations are of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the
purposes of this section).
(2) However, the following conduct does not constitute operating a
clearing and settlement facility for the purposes of this Chapter:
(a) an ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959) acting
in the ordinary course of its banking business;
(b) a person acting on their own behalf, or on behalf of one party
to a transaction only;
(c) a person who provides financial services to another person
dealing with the other person’s accounts in the ordinary
course of the first person’s business activities;
(d) the actions of a participant in a clearing and settlement
facility who has taken on the delivery or payment
obligations, in relation to a particular financial product, of
another person who is a party to a transaction relating to a
financial product;
(e) conducting treasury operations between related bodies
corporate;

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
What is a clearing and settlement facility? Division 6

Section 768A

Corporations Act 2001 45 (h) operating a facility for the exchange and settlement of
non-cash payments (see section 763D) between providers of
non-cash payment facilities;
(i) any other conduct of a kind prescribed by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 7 General provisions relating to civil and criminal liability

Section 769A

46 Corporations Act 2001

Division 7—General provisions relating to civil and
criminal liability
769A Part 2.5 of Criminal Code does not apply
Despite section 1308A, Part 2.5 of the Criminal Code does not
apply to any offences based on the provisions of this Chapter.
Note: For the purposes of offences based on provisions of this Chapter,
corporate criminal responsibility is dealt with by section 769B, rather
than by Part 2.5 of the Criminal Code.
769B People are generally responsible for the conduct of their
agents, employees etc.
(1) Subject to subsections (7) and (8), conduct engaged in on behalf of
a body corporate:
(a) by a director, employee or agent of the body, within the
scope of the person’s actual or apparent authority; or
(b) by any other person at the direction or with the consent or
agreement (whether express or implied) of a director,
employee or agent of the body, where the giving of the
direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the
actual or apparent authority of the director, employee or
agent;
is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Chapter, or a
proceeding under this Chapter, to have been engaged in also by the
body corporate.
(2) Conduct engaged in by a person (for example, the giving of money
or property) in relation to:
(a) a director, employee or agent of a body corporate, acting
within the scope of their actual or apparent authority; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
General provisions relating to civil and criminal liability Division 7

Section 769B

Corporations Act 2001 47 (b) any other person acting at the direction or with the consent or
agreement (whether express or implied) of a director,
employee or agent of a body corporate, where the giving of
the direction, consent or agreement is within the scope of the
actual or apparent authority of the director, employee or
agent;
is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Chapter, or a
proceeding under this Chapter, to have been engaged in also in
relation to the body corporate.
(3) If, in a proceeding under this Chapter in respect of conduct
engaged in by a body corporate, it is necessary to establish the state
of mind of the body, it is sufficient to show that a director,
employee or agent of the body, being a director, employee or agent
by whom the conduct was engaged in within the scope of the
person’s actual or apparent authority, had that state of mind. For
this purpose, a person acting as mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) is
taken to be an agent of the body corporate concerned.
(4) Subject to subsections (7) and (8), conduct engaged in on behalf of
a person other than a body corporate:
(a) by an employee or agent of the person, acting within the
scope of the actual or apparent authority of the employee or
agent; or
(b) by any other person acting at the direction or with the
consent or agreement (whether express or implied) of an
employee or agent of the first-mentioned person, where the
giving of the direction, consent or agreement is within the
scope of the actual or apparent authority of the employee or
agent;
is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Chapter, or of a
proceeding under this Chapter, to have been engaged in also by the
first-mentioned person.
(5) Conduct engaged in by a person (for example, the giving of money
or property) in relation to:
(a) an employee or agent of a person (the principal) other than a
body corporate, acting within the scope of their actual or
apparent authority; or
(b) any other person acting at the direction or with the consent or
agreement (whether express or implied) of an employee or
agent of a person (the principal) other than a body corporate,

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.1 Preliminary
Division 7 General provisions relating to civil and criminal liability

Section 769B

48 Corporations Act 2001 where the giving of the direction, consent or agreement is
within the scope of the actual or apparent authority of the
employee or agent;
is taken, for the purposes of a provision of this Chapter, or of a
proceeding under this Chapter, to have been engaged in also in
relation to the principal.
(6) If, in a proceeding under this Chapter in respect of conduct
engaged in by a person other than a body corporate, it is necessary
to establish the state of mind of the person, it is sufficient to show
that an employee or agent of the person, being an employee or
agent by whom the conduct was engaged in within the scope of the
employee’s or agent’s actual or apparent authority, had that state of
mind. For this purpose, a person acting as mentioned in
paragraph (4)(b) is taken to be an agent of the person first referred
to in subsection (4).
(7) Nothing in this section, or in any other law (including the common
law), has the effect that, for the purposes of a provision of Part 7.7,
or a proceeding under this Chapter that relates to a provision of
Part 7.7, a financial service provided by person in their capacity as
an authorised representative of a financial services licensee is
taken, or taken also, to have been provided by that financial
services licensee.
(8) Nothing in this section, or in any other law (including the common
law), has the effect that, for the purposes of a provision of
Division 2 of Part 7.9, or a proceeding under this Chapter that
relates to a provision of Division 2 of Part 7.9, conduct engaged in
by a person in their capacity as a regulated person (within the
meaning of section 1011B) is taken, or taken also, to have been
engaged in by another such regulated person.
(8A) Nothing in this section, other than subsections (7) and (8), excludes
or limits the operation of subsection 601FB(2) in relation to the
provisions of this Chapter or to proceedings under this Chapter.
(9) The regulations may provide that this section, or a particular
provision of this section, has effect for specified purposes subject
to modifications specified in the regulations. The regulations have
effect accordingly.
(10) In this section:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Preliminary Part 7.1
General provisions relating to civil and criminal liability Division 7

Section 769C

Corporations Act 2001 49 (a) a reference to a proceeding under this Chapter includes a
reference to:
(i) a prosecution for an offence based on a provision of this
Chapter; and
(ii) a proceeding under a provision of Part 9.4B that relates
to a provision of this Chapter; and
(iii) any other proceeding under any other provision of
Chapter 9 that relates to a provision of this Chapter; and
(b) a reference to conduct is a reference to an act, an omission to
perform an act, or a state of affairs; and
(c) a reference to the state of mind of a person includes a
reference to the knowledge, intention, opinion, belief or
purpose of the person and the person’s reasons for the
person’s intention, opinion, belief or purpose.
Note: For the meaning of offence based on a provision, see the definition in
section 9.
769C Representations about future matters taken to be misleading if
made without reasonable grounds
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, or of a proceeding under this
Chapter, if:
(a) a person makes a representation with respect to any future
matter (including the doing of, or refusing to do, any act);
and
(b) the person does not have reasonable grounds for making the
representation;
the representation is taken to be misleading.
(2) Subsection (1) does not limit the circumstances in which a
representation may be misleading.
(3) In this section:
proceeding under this Chapter has the same meaning as it has in
section 769B.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 1 Preliminary

Section 790A

50 Corporations Act 2001

Part 7.2—Licensing of financial markets
Division 1—Preliminary
790A Definition
In this Part:
clearing and settlement arrangements, for transactions effected
through a financial market, means arrangements for the clearing
and settlement of those transactions. The arrangements may be part
of the market’s operating rules or be separate from those operating
rules.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Requirement to be licensed Division 2

Section 791A

Corporations Act 2001 51

Division 2—Requirement to be licensed
791A Need for a licence
(1) A person must only operate, or hold out that the person operates, a
financial market in this jurisdiction if:
(a) the person has an Australian market licence that authorises
the person to operate the market in this jurisdiction; or
(b) the market is exempt from the operation of this Part.
Note 1: A market licensee may also provide financial services incidental to the
operation of the market: see paragraph 911A(2)(d).
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict
liability applies to paragraph (1)(b).
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
791B Other prohibitions on holding out
A person must not hold out:
(a) that the person has an Australian market licence; or
(b) that the operation of a financial market by the person in this
jurisdiction is authorised by an Australian market licence; or
(c) that a financial market is exempt from the operation of this
Part; or
(d) that the person is a participant in a licensed market;
if that is not the case.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
791C Exemptions
(1) The Minister may, by publishing a notice in the Gazette, exempt
from the operation of this Part a particular financial market or type
of financial market.
(2) The Minister may, at any time, by publishing a notice in the
Gazette:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 2 Requirement to be licensed

Section 791D

52 Corporations Act 2001 (a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on an
exemption; or
(b) vary or revoke the conditions on an exemption; or
(c) revoke an exemption.
(3) However, the Minister may only take action under subsection (2)
after:
(a) giving notice, and an opportunity to make submissions on the
proposed action, to the operator of each financial market
known by the Minister to be covered by the exemption; and
(b) if the exemption covers a type of financial market—causing a
notice to be published in a newspaper or newspapers
circulating generally in each State and internal Territory
allowing a reasonable time within which the operator of each
financial market covered by the exemption may make
submissions on the proposed action.
This subsection does not apply to the Minister imposing conditions
when an exemption is made.
791D When a market is taken to be operated in this jurisdiction
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial market is taken to be
operated in this jurisdiction if it is operated by a body corporate
that is registered under Chapter 2A.
(2) Subsection (1) does not limit the circumstances in which a
financial market is operated in this jurisdiction for the purposes of
this Chapter.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Regulation of market licensees Division 3

Section 792A

Corporations Act 2001 53

Division 3—Regulation of market licensees
Subdivision A—Licensee’s obligations
792A General obligations
A market licensee must:
(a) to the extent that it is reasonably practicable to do so, do all
things necessary to ensure that the market is a fair, orderly
and transparent market; and
(b) comply with the conditions on the licence; and
(c) have adequate arrangements (whether they involve a
self-regulatory structure or the appointment of an
independent person or related entity) for supervising the
market, including arrangements for:
(i) handling conflicts between the commercial interests of
the licensee and the need for the licensee to ensure that
the market operates in the way mentioned in
paragraph (a); and
(ii) monitoring the conduct of participants on or in relation
to the market; and
(iii) enforcing compliance with the market’s operating rules;
and
(d) have sufficient resources (including financial, technological
and human resources) to operate the market properly and for
the required supervisory arrangements to be provided; and
(e) if section 881A requires there to be compensation
arrangements in relation to the market that are approved in
accordance with Division 3 of Part 7.5—ensure that there are
such approved compensation arrangements in relation to the
market; and
(f) if the licensee is a foreign body corporate—be registered
under Division 2 of Part 5B.2; and
(g) if the licence was granted under subsection 795B(2)
(overseas markets)—both:
(i) remain authorised to operate a financial market in the
foreign country in which the licensee’s principal place
of business is located; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 3 Regulation of market licensees

Section 792B

54 Corporations Act 2001 (ii) get the Minister’s approval under section 792H before
that principal place of business becomes located in any
other foreign country; and
(h) if the licensee, or a holding company of the licensee, is a
widely held market body (within the meaning of Division 1
of Part 7.4)—take all reasonable steps to ensure that an
unacceptable control situation (within the meaning of that
Division) does not exist in relation to the body; and
(i) take all reasonable steps to ensure that no disqualified
individual becomes, or remains, involved in the licensee (see
Division 2 of Part 7.4).
792B Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters
(1) A market licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as
practicable, if it becomes aware that it may no longer be able to
meet, or has breached, an obligation under section 792A. If ASIC
considers it appropriate to do so, ASIC may give the Minister
advice about the matter.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) A market licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as
practicable, as required by the following paragraphs:
(a) if the licensee provides a new class of financial service
incidental to the operation of the market, the licensee must
give notice that includes details of the new class;
(b) if the licensee takes any kind of disciplinary action against a
participant in the market, the licensee must give notice that
includes:
(i) the participant’s name; and
(ii) the reason for and nature of the action taken;
(c) if the licensee has reason to suspect that a person has
committed, is committing, or is about to commit a significant
contravention of the market’s operating rules or this Act, the
licensee must give notice that includes:
(i) the person’s name; and
(ii) details of the contravention or impending contravention;
and
(iii) the licensee’s reasons for that belief.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Regulation of market licensees Division 3

Section 792B

Corporations Act 2001 55
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) If a market licensee becomes aware of:
(a) a matter that the licensee considers has adversely affected, is
adversely affecting, or may adversely affect the ability of a
participant in the market, who is a financial services licensee,
to meet the participant’s obligations as a financial services
licensee; or
(b) a matter, concerning a participant in the market who is a
financial services licensee, that is of a kind prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;
the market licensee must give a written report to ASIC on the
matter and send a copy of it to the participant.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) A market licensee whose licence was granted under subsection
795B(2) (overseas markets) must, as soon as practicable, give
written notice to ASIC if:
(a) the licensee ceases to be authorised to operate a financial
market in the foreign country in which the licensee’s
principal place of business is located; or
(b) there is a significant change to the regulatory regime
applying in relation to the market in the foreign country in
which the licensee’s principal place of business is located.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(5) As soon as practicable after:
(a) a person becomes or ceases to be a director, secretary or
senior manager of a market licensee or of a holding company
of a market licensee (including when a person changes from
one of those positions to another); or
(b) a market licensee becomes aware that a person has come to
have, or has ceased to have, more than 15% of the voting
power in the licensee or in a holding company of the
licensee;
the licensee must give written notice of this to ASIC. The notice
must include such other information about the matter as is
prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 3 Regulation of market licensees

Section 792C

56 Corporations Act 2001
Note 1: To the extent that the licensee is required to give the notice and
information under any other provision of this Act, the licensee may
comply with this subsection by doing so. It need not provide the same
information twice.
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
792C Giving ASIC information about a listed disclosing entity
(1) If a market licensee makes information about a listed disclosing
entity available to participants in the market (whether or not the
licensee also makes the information available to anyone else), the
licensee must give ASIC the same information as soon as
practicable.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) However, the licensee is not required to give ASIC any
information of a kind that is excluded by the regulations.
(3) ASIC may require the information to be given in a particular form.
792D Obligation to assist ASIC
(1) A market licensee must give such assistance to ASIC, or a person
authorised by ASIC, as ASIC or the authorised person reasonably
requests in relation to the performance of ASIC’s functions.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Such assistance may include showing ASIC the licensee’s books or
giving ASIC other information.
792E Obligation to give ASIC access to market facilities
A market licensee must give a person authorised by ASIC such
reasonable access to the market’s facilities as the person requests
for any of the purposes of this Chapter.
Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Regulation of market licensees Division 3

Section 792F

Corporations Act 2001 57
792F Annual report
(1) A market licensee must, within 3 months after the end of its
financial year, give ASIC an annual report on the extent to which
the licensee complied with its obligations as a market licensee
under this Chapter.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The licensee must ensure that the annual report is accompanied by
any information and statements prescribed by regulations made for
the purposes of this subsection.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) The licensee must also ensure that the annual report is
accompanied by any audit report that the Minister requires under
subsection (4).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) The Minister may, by giving written notice to a market licensee,
require the licensee to obtain an audit report on the annual report
and on any information or statements accompanying it. The
Minister must nominate to prepare the audit report:
(a) ASIC; or
(b) a specified person or body that is suitably qualified.
(5) ASIC must give the annual report and accompanying material to
the Minister.
792G Obligations to notify people about clearing and settlement
arrangements in certain circumstances
(1) If, in relation to a category of transactions, being all transactions or
a class of transactions effected through a licensed market, the
market licensee:
(a) does not have any clearing and settlement arrangements for
transactions in that category; or
(b) has clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions in
that category, but they are not arrangements with the operator
of a clearing and settlement facility for the clearing and
settlement of such transactions through the facility;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 3 Regulation of market licensees

Section 792H

58 Corporations Act 2001 the market licensee must, before a person becomes a participant in
the market, give the person written advice:
(c) if paragraph (a) applies—that the licensee does not have any
clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions in that
category, and that it is the responsibility of the parties to such
transactions to make their own arrangements for the clearing
and settlement of such transactions; or
(d) if paragraph (b) applies—setting out particulars of the
clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions in that
category.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Within a reasonable time before a market licensee ceases, in
relation to a category of transactions, being all transactions or a
class of transactions effected through a licensed market, to have
clearing and settlement arrangements (the terminating
arrangements) with the operator of a particular clearing and
settlement facility for the clearing and settlement of such
transactions through the facility, the market licensee must give the
participants in the market written advice:
(a) if the terminating arrangements are not being replaced by any
other clearing and settlement arrangements—that the licensee
will no longer have clearing and settlement arrangements for
that category of transactions, and that it will be the
responsibility of the parties to such transactions to make their
own arrangements for the clearing and settlement of such
transactions; or
(b) if the terminating arrangements are being replaced by new
clearing and settlement arrangements—setting out particulars
of the new arrangements.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
792H Change of country by foreign licensee
(1) In the case of a licence granted under subsection 795B(2), the
Minister may approve the location of the licensee’s principal place
of business in a new country only if:
(a) the new country is not Australia; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Regulation of market licensees Division 3

Section 792I

Corporations Act 2001 59 (b) the operation of the market in that country will be subject to
requirements and supervision that are sufficiently equivalent,
in relation to the degree of investor protection and market
integrity they achieve, to the requirements and supervision to
which financial markets are subject under this Act in relation
to those matters.
(2) If, in relation to a licence granted under subsection 795B(2), the
licensee’s principal place of business changes to become a place in
Australia:
(a) the licence ceases to be in force from the time of the change;
and
(b) if the licensee wishes the market to continue to be licensed,
the licensee may apply for the grant of a new licence under
subsection 795B(1); and
(c) the application must be assessed in accordance with
Subdivision A of Division 4, subject to such modifications (if
any) of that Subdivision as are set out in regulations made for
the purposes of this paragraph.
(3) An application referred to in paragraph (2)(b) may be made in
advance of the change of location of the principal place of
business, and a decision on the application may be made before
that time. However, any licence granted pursuant to the application
does not come into force until the change occurs.
792I Making information about compensation arrangements
publicly available
A market licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure that
information about the compensation arrangements that are in place
under Part 7.5 is available to the public free of charge.
Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Subdivision B—The market’s operating rules and procedures
793A Content of the operating rules and procedures
(1) The operating rules of a licensed market must deal with the matters
prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 3 Regulation of market licensees

Section 793B

60 Corporations Act 2001 (2) The regulations may also prescribe matters in respect of which a
licensed market must have written procedures.
(3) However, subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the licensee is
also authorised to operate the market in the foreign country in
which its principal place of business is located and the licence was
granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets).
(4) In a subsection (3) case, ASIC may determine, by giving written
notice to the licensee, matters in respect of which the licensed
market must have written procedures.
793B Legal effect of operating rules
The operating rules (other than listing rules) of a licensed market
have effect as a contract under seal:
(a) between the licensee and each participant in the market; and
(b) between a participant and each other participant;
under which each of those persons agrees to observe the operating
rules to the extent that they apply to the person and to engage in
conduct that the person is required by the operating rules to engage
in.
793C Enforcement of operating rules
(1) If a person who is under an obligation to comply with or enforce
any of a licensed market’s operating rules fails to meet that
obligation, an application to the Court may be made by:
(a) ASIC; or
(b) the licensee; or
(c) the operator of a clearing and settlement facility with which
the licensee has clearing and settlement arrangements; or
(d) a person aggrieved by the failure.
(2) After giving an opportunity to be heard to the applicant and the
person against whom the order is sought, the Court may make an
order giving directions to:
(a) the person against whom the order is sought; or
(b) if that person is a body corporate—the directors of the body
corporate;
about compliance with, or enforcement of, the operating rules.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Regulation of market licensees Division 3

Section 793D

Corporations Act 2001 61 (3) For the purposes of this section, a body corporate that is, with its
acquiescence, included in the official list of a licensed market, or
an associate of such a body corporate, is taken to be under an
obligation to comply with the operating rules of that market to the
extent to which those rules purport to apply to the body corporate
or associate.
(4) For the purposes of this section, if a disclosing entity that is an
undertaking to which interests in a registered scheme relate is, with
the responsible entity’s acquiescence, included in the official list of
a licensed market, the responsible entity, or an associate of the
responsible entity, is taken to be under an obligation to comply
with the operating rules of that market to the extent to which those
rules purport to apply to the responsible entity or associate.
(5) For the purposes of this section, if a body corporate fails to comply
with or enforce provisions of the operating rules of a licensed
market, a person who holds financial products of the body
corporate that are able to be traded on the market is taken to be a
person aggrieved by the failure.
(6) There may be other circumstances in which a person may be
aggrieved by a failure for the purposes of this section.
793D Changing the operating rules
Licensed markets other than subsection 795B(2) markets
(1) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the operating rules
of a licensed market, other than a market licensed under subsection
795B(2) (overseas markets), the licensee must lodge with ASIC
written notice of the change. The notice must:
(a) set out the text of the change; and
(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and
(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.
(2) If no notice is lodged as required by subsection (1) with ASIC
within 21 days after the change is made, the change ceases to have
effect at the end of that period.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 3 Regulation of market licensees

Section 793E

62 Corporations Act 2001 Subsection 795B(2) markets
(3) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the operating rules
of a market the operation of which is licensed under subsection
795B(2) (overseas markets), the licensee must lodge with ASIC
written notice of the change. The notice must:
(a) set out the text of the change; and
(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and
(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
793E Disallowance of changes to operating rules
(1) This section does not apply in respect of an Australian market
licence granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets).
(2) As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under section 793D
from a market licensee, ASIC must send a copy of the notice to the
Minister.
(3) Within 28 days after ASIC receives the notice from the licensee,
the Minister may disallow all or a specified part of the change to
the operating rules.
(4) In deciding whether to do so, the Minister must have regard to the
consistency of the change with the licensee’s obligations under this
Part (including in particular the obligation mentioned in paragraph
792A(a)).
Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A.
(5) As soon as practicable after all or a part of a change is disallowed,
ASIC must give notice of the disallowance to the licensee. The
change ceases to have effect, to the extent of the disallowance,
when the licensee receives the notice.
Subdivision C—Powers of the Minister and ASIC
794A Minister’s power to give directions
(1) If the Minister considers that a market licensee is not complying
with its obligations as a market licensee under this Chapter, the
Minister may give the licensee a written direction to do specified

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Regulation of market licensees Division 3

Section 794B

Corporations Act 2001 63 things that the Minister believes will promote compliance by the
licensee with those obligations.
(2) The licensee must comply with the direction.
(3) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply
to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee
comply with the direction.
(4) The Minister may vary or revoke a direction at any time by giving
written notice to the licensee.
794B Minister’s power to require special report
(1) The Minister may give a market licensee a written notice requiring
the licensee to give ASIC a special report on specified matters.
ASIC must give the report to the Minister.
(2) The notice may also require the licensee to give ASIC an audit
report on the special report. The Minister must nominate to prepare
the audit report:
(a) ASIC; or
(b) a specified person or body that is suitably qualified.
(3) The licensee must give the special report, and audit report (if any),
to ASIC within the time required by the notice.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
794C ASIC to assess licensee’s compliance
(1) ASIC may do an assessment of how well a market licensee is
complying with any or all of its obligations as a market licensee
under this Chapter. In doing the assessment, ASIC may take
account of any information and reports that it thinks appropriate,
including information and reports from an overseas regulatory
authority.
(2) In respect of the obligation in paragraph 792A(c), ASIC must do
such an assessment at least once a year for each market licensee.
(3) As soon as practicable after doing an assessment under this section,
ASIC must give a written report on the assessment to the licensee
and to the Minister.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 3 Regulation of market licensees

Section 794D

64 Corporations Act 2001 (4) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to any other
person’s affairs to a material extent, ASIC may, at the person’s
request or of its own motion, give the person a copy of the written
report on the assessment or the relevant part of the report.
(5) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to a serious
contravention of a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or
Territory, ASIC may give a copy of the written report on the
assessment, or the relevant part of the report, to:
(a) the Australian Federal Police; or
(b) the Chief Executive Officer of the Australian Crime
Commission or a member of the staff of the ACC (within the
meaning of the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002); or
(c) the Director of Public Prosecutions; or
(d) an agency prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of
this paragraph.
(6) Either the Minister or ASIC may cause the written report on an
assessment, or part of the report on an assessment, to be printed
and published.
794D ASIC’s power to give directions
(1) If ASIC is of the opinion that it is necessary, or in the public
interest, to protect people dealing in a financial product or class of
financial products by:
(a) giving a direction to a market licensee to suspend dealings in
the financial product or class of financial products; or
(b) giving some other direction in relation to those dealings;
ASIC may give written advice to the licensee of that opinion and
the reasons for it.
Example: Under paragraph (b), ASIC could give a direction to limit the kinds of
dealings that are allowed in the financial product or class of financial
products or to require a participant in the market to act in a specified
manner in relation to dealings in the financial product or class of
financial products.
(2) If, after receiving ASIC’s advice and reasons, the licensee does not
take:
(a) in the case of a proposed direction to suspend dealings in the
financial products—action to prevent such dealings; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Regulation of market licensees Division 3

Section 794D

Corporations Act 2001 65 (b) in any other case—such other action as in ASIC’s view is
adequate to address the situation raised in the advice;
and ASIC still considers that it is appropriate to give the direction
to the licensee, ASIC may give the licensee the written direction
with a statement setting out its reasons for making the direction.
(3) The direction has effect for the period specified in it (which may be
up to 21 days). During that period, the licensee must comply with
the direction and must not allow any dealings to take place
contrary to it.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply
to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee
comply with the direction.
(5) As soon as practicable after making or varying (see subsection (7))
a direction, ASIC must:
(a) give a copy of the direction or variation to the operator of
each clearing and settlement facility with which the market
licensee has clearing and settlement arrangements for
transactions effected through the market; and
(b) give a written report to the Minister setting out ASIC’s
reasons for making the direction or variation; and
(c) give a copy of the report to the licensee.
(6) If, at any time after the licensee receives ASIC’s advice under
subsection (1), the licensee requests in writing that ASIC refer the
matter to the Minister, ASIC must do so immediately. In that event,
the Minister may, if he or she considers it appropriate, require
ASIC not to make, or to revoke, the direction. ASIC must
immediately comply with such a requirement.
(7) ASIC may vary a direction by giving written notice to the licensee
if ASIC is of the opinion that the variation is necessary, or in the
public interest, to protect people dealing in a financial product or
class of financial products.
(8) ASIC may revoke a direction by giving written notice to the
licensee. ASIC must also give written notice of the revocation to
the operator of each clearing and settlement facility with which the

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 3 Regulation of market licensees

Section 794E

66 Corporations Act 2001 market licensee has clearing and settlement arrangements for
transactions effected through the market.
794E Additional directions to clearing and settlement facilities
(1) If ASIC gives a direction under section 794D, it may also give a
written direction to the operator of each clearing and settlement
facility with which the market licensee has clearing and settlement
arrangements for transactions effected through the market:
(a) prohibiting the operator from acting in a manner inconsistent
with the section 794D direction; and
(b) requiring the operator to do all that the operator is reasonably
capable of doing to give effect to the section 794D direction.
(2) The operator must comply with the direction given to it under this
section.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) If the operator fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply
to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the
operator comply with the direction.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
The Australian market licence Division 4

Section 795A

Corporations Act 2001 67

Division 4—The Australian market licence
Subdivision A—How to get a licence
795A How to apply for a licence
(1) A body corporate may apply for an Australian market licence by
lodging with ASIC an application that:
(a) includes the information required by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph; and
(b) is accompanied by the documents (if any) required by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; and
(c) complies with the requirements of section 881B (relating to
compensation arrangements).
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(2) ASIC must, within a reasonable time, give the application to the
Minister with advice about the application.
795B When a licence may be granted
General
(1) The Minister may grant an applicant an Australian market licence
if the Minister is satisfied that:
(a) the application was made in accordance with section 795A;
and
(b) the applicant will comply with the obligations that will apply
if the licence is granted; and
(c) the applicant has adequate operating rules, and procedures,
(see Subdivision B of Division 3) to ensure, as far as is
reasonably practicable, that the market will operate as
mentioned in paragraph 792A(a); and
(d) the applicant has adequate arrangements (whether they
involve a self-regulatory structure or the appointment of an
independent person or related entity) for supervising the
market, including arrangements for:
(i) handling conflicts between the commercial interests of
the licensee and the need for the licensee to ensure that

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 4 The Australian market licence

Section 795B

68 Corporations Act 2001 the market operates in the way mentioned in paragraph
792A(a); and
(ii) monitoring the conduct of participants on or in relation
to the market; and
(iii) enforcing compliance with the market’s operating rules;
and
(e) the applicant has adequate clearing and settlement
arrangements for transactions effected through the market, if
the Minister considers that the applicant should have such
arrangements; and
(f) neither subsection 881D(2) nor 882A(2) (relating to
compensation arrangements) requires the Minister to reject
the application; and
(g) no unacceptable control situation (see Division 1 of Part 7.4)
is likely to result if the licence is granted; and
(h) no disqualified individual appears to be involved in the
applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4).
This subsection has effect subject to subsections (3) and (4).
Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A in
deciding whether to grant a licence.
Alternative criteria for granting licence for overseas market
(2) If an applicant is authorised to operate a financial market in the
foreign country in which its principal place of business is located,
the Minister may grant the applicant an Australian market licence
authorising the applicant to operate the same market in this
jurisdiction. The Minister must be satisfied that:
(a) the application was made in accordance with section 795A;
and
(b) the applicant will comply with the obligations that will apply
if the licence is granted; and
(c) the operation of the market in that country is subject to
requirements and supervision that are sufficiently equivalent,
in relation to the degree of investor protection and market
integrity they achieve, to the requirements and supervision to
which financial markets are subject under this Act in relation
to those matters; and
(d) the applicant undertakes to cooperate with ASIC by sharing
information and in other appropriate ways; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
The Australian market licence Division 4

Section 795C

Corporations Act 2001 69 (e) no unacceptable control situation (see Division 1 of Part 7.4)
is likely to result if the licence is granted; and
(f) no disqualified individual appears to be involved in the
applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4); and
(g) any other requirements that are prescribed by regulations
made for the purposes of this paragraph are satisfied.
This subsection has effect subject to subsections (3) and (4).
Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A in
deciding whether to grant a licence.
Foreign bodies
(3) If the applicant is a foreign body corporate, the Minister:
(a) must not grant the applicant a licence unless the applicant is
registered under Division 2 of Part 5B.2; and
(b) may otherwise grant a licence under either subsection (1) or
(2) (if the relevant criteria are satisfied).
Disqualified individuals
(4) The Minister must not grant the applicant a licence unless:
(a) ASIC has notified the Minister that, as far as ASIC is aware,
no disqualified individual is involved in the applicant (see
Division 2 of Part 7.4); or
(b) 42 days have passed since the application was made and
ASIC has not given a notice under subsection 853D(2) to the
applicant within that 42 days.
795C Publication of notice of licence grant
If the Minister grants an Australian market licence, the Minister
must publish a notice in the Gazette stating:
(a) the name of the licensee; and
(b) when the licence was granted; and
(c) the conditions on the licence.
795D More than one licence in the same document
If the Minister grants a person 2 or more of the following:
(a) an Australian market licence;
(b) an Australian CS facility licence;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 4 The Australian market licence

Section 795E

70 Corporations Act 2001 they may be included in the same document.
795E More than one market covered by the same licence
(1) The same Australian market licence may authorise the licensee to
operate 2 or more financial markets.
(2) In that case, a reference in this Chapter to the market to which an
Australian market licence relates is taken instead to be a reference
to each of those financial markets severally.
(3) Before varying the conditions on an Australian market licence so
as to add another market that the licensee is authorised to operate,
the Minister must be satisfied of the matters listed in subsection
795B(1) or (2) (as appropriate) in relation to the market.
(4) An Australian market licence that authorises the licensee to operate
2 or more financial markets may be suspended or cancelled under
Subdivision C in respect of one or some of those markets only, as
if the licensee held a separate licence for each of the markets.
Subdivision B—The conditions on the licence
796A The conditions on the licence
(1) The Minister may, at any time:
(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on an Australian
market licence; or
(b) vary or revoke conditions imposed on such a licence;
by giving written notice to the licensee. The Minister must also
publish a notice in the Gazette with details of the action and when
it took effect.
Note: As well as the requirements in this section, the Minister must also
have regard to the matters in section 798A.
(2) The Minister may do so:
(a) on his or her own initiative, subject to subsection (3); or
(b) if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for the
Minister to do so, which is accompanied by the prescribed
documents, if any.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
The Australian market licence Division 4

Section 797A

Corporations Act 2001 71 (3) The Minister may only impose conditions or additional conditions,
or vary the conditions, on the licence on his or her own initiative if:
(a) he or she considers it appropriate to do so having regard to:
(i) the licensee’s obligations as a market licensee under this
Chapter; and
(ii) any change in market operations or the conditions in
which the market is operating; and
(b) the Minister gives the licensee written notice of the proposed
action and an opportunity to make a submission before it
takes effect.
This subsection does not apply to the Minister imposing conditions
when a licence is granted.
(4) The Minister must ensure that each Australian market licence is
subject to conditions that specify:
(a) the particular market that the licensee is authorised to
operate; and
(b) the class or classes of financial products that can be dealt
with on the market; and
(c) if the Minister considers that the licensee should have
clearing and settlement arrangements for transactions
effected through the market—the type of clearing and
settlement arrangements that are adequate.
Note: If compensation arrangements in relation to the market are approved
under Division 3 of Part 7.5, there must also be conditions as required
by subsection 882A(4) or paragraph 882B(4)(b).
(6) ASIC must give the Minister any application and documents
lodged under subsection (2).
Subdivision C—When a licence can be varied, suspended or
cancelled
797A Varying licences
(1) The Minister may vary an Australian market licence to take
account of a change in the licensee’s name if the licensee lodges
with ASIC an application for the variation, accompanied by the
prescribed documents, if any.
Note 1: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 796A.
Note 2: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 4 The Australian market licence

Section 797B

72 Corporations Act 2001 (2) The Minister must give written notice of the variation to the
licensee.
(3) ASIC must give the Minister any application and documents
lodged under subsection (1).
797B Immediate suspension or cancellation
The Minister may, by giving written notice to a market licensee,
suspend the licence for a specified period, or cancel it, if:
(a) the licensee ceases to carry on the business of operating the
market; or
(b) the licensee becomes an externally-administered body
corporate; or
(c) the licensee asks the Minister to do so; or
(d) in the case of a licence granted under subsection 795B(2)
(overseas markets):
(i) the licensee ceases to be authorised to operate a
financial market in the foreign country in which the
licensee’s principal place of business is located; or
(ii) there is a change to the regulatory regime applying in
relation to the market to which the licence relates in the
country in which the licensee’s principal place of
business is located, and, because of that change, the
Minister is no longer satisfied as mentioned in
paragraph 795B(2)(c).
797C Suspension or cancellation following hearing and report
(1) If the Minister considers that a market licensee has breached, or is
in breach of, one or more of its obligations as a market licensee
under this Chapter, the Minister may give the licensee a written
notice that requires the licensee to show cause, at a hearing before
a specified person, why the licence should not be suspended or
cancelled.
(2) The notice must specify:
(a) the grounds on which it is proposed to suspend or cancel the
licence; and
(b) a reasonable time and place at which the hearing is to be
held.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
The Australian market licence Division 4

Section 797D

Corporations Act 2001 73 However, if the licensee consents, the person conducting the
hearing may fix a different time or place.
(3) The person conducting the hearing must:
(a) give the licensee an opportunity to be heard at the hearing;
and
(b) give the Minister:
(i) a report about the hearing; and
(ii) a recommendation about the grounds in the notice on
which it is proposed to suspend or cancel the licence.
(4) After considering the report and recommendation, the Minister
may:
(a) decide to take no further action in relation to the matter and
give written advice of that decision to the licensee; or
(b) suspend the licence for a specified period, or cancel the
licence, by giving written notice to the licensee.
Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 798A.
797D Effect of suspension
(1) A person whose Australian market licence is suspended is taken
not to hold that licence while it is suspended.
(2) However, the Minister may specify in the written notice to the
licensee that subsection (1) does not apply for specified purposes.
797E Variation or revocation of suspension
The Minister may at any time vary or revoke a suspension of an
Australian market licence by giving written notice to the licensee.
797F Publication of notice of licence suspension or cancellation
(1) If the Minister:
(a) suspends, or varies or revokes a suspension of, an Australian
market licence; or
(b) cancels an Australian market licence;
the Minister must publish a notice in the Gazette to that effect.
(2) The notice must state when the action took effect.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 4 The Australian market licence

Section 797G

74 Corporations Act 2001
797G Suspension and cancellation only in accordance with this
Subdivision
An Australian market licence cannot be varied, suspended or
cancelled otherwise than in accordance with this Subdivision.
Note: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 796A.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Other matters Division 5

Section 798A

Corporations Act 2001 75

Division 5—Other matters
798A Matters to be taken into account by the Minister
(1) The Minister must have regard to certain matters in deciding
whether to:
(a) grant an applicant an Australian market licence under
section 795B; or
(b) impose, vary or revoke conditions on such a licence under
section 796A; or
(c) suspend or cancel such a licence under section 797C; or
(d) disallow a change to the operating rules of a licensed market
under section 793E.
(2) These are the matters the Minister must have regard to:
(a) the structure, or proposed structure, of the market;
(b) the nature of the activities conducted, or proposed to be
conducted, on the market;
(c) the size, or proposed size, of the market;
(d) the nature of the financial products dealt with, or proposed to
be dealt with, on the market;
(e) the participants, or proposed participants, in the market and:
(i) whether those participants, in effecting transactions
through the market, are, or will be, providing financial
services to other persons; and
(ii) whether those participants acquire or dispose, or will
acquire or dispose, of financial products through the
market as retail clients or as wholesale clients; and
(iii) whether those participants are also, or will also be,
participants in any other financial markets;
(f) the technology used, or proposed to be used, in the operation
of the market;
(g) whether it would be in the public interest to take the action
referred to in subsection (1);
(h) any relevant advice received from ASIC.
The Minister may also have regard to any other matter that the
Minister considers relevant.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 5 Other matters

Section 798B

76 Corporations Act 2001 (3) If the Minister is deciding whether to take the action referred to in
paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) in respect of an Australian market
licence granted under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets), the
Minister must also have regard to:
(a) the criteria that the licensee or applicant satisfied to obtain an
authorisation to operate the same market in the foreign
country in which their principal place of business is located;
and
(b) the obligations they must continue to satisfy to keep the
authorisation; and
(c) the level of supervision to which the operation of the market
in that country is subject; and
(d) whether adequate arrangements exist for cooperation
between ASIC and the authority that is responsible for that
supervision.
798B ASIC may give advice to Minister
ASIC may give advice to the Minister in relation to:
(a) any matter in respect of which the Minister has a discretion
under this Part; or
(b) any other matter concerning financial markets.
Note: In some cases, the Minister must have regard to ASIC’s advice: see
paragraph 798A(2)(h).
798C Self-listing of markets
(1) A market licensee may be included in the market’s official list.
Note: There are certain matters that must be included in the market’s listing
rules before the licensee is included in the official list: see
subsection (4).
(2) In such a case, the financial products of the licensee may be traded
on the market, if the licensee has entered into such arrangements as
ASIC requires:
(a) for dealing with possible conflicts of interest that might arise
from the licensee’s financial products being able to be traded
on the market; and
(b) for the purposes of ensuring the integrity of trading in the
licensee’s financial products.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Other matters Division 5

Section 798D

Corporations Act 2001 77
Note: For fees in respect of ASIC performing functions under such
arrangements, see Part 9.10.
(3) The licensee must comply with the arrangements.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) Before, and at all times while, the licensee is included in the
market’s official list, the market’s listing rules must provide for
ASIC, instead of the licensee, to make decisions and to take action
(or to require the licensee to take action on ASIC’s behalf) in
relation to these matters, and matters related to these matters:
(a) the admission of the licensee to the market’s official list;
(b) the removal of the licensee from that list;
(c) allowing, stopping or suspending the trading on the market of
the licensee’s financial products.
Note: For fees in respect of ASIC performing this function, see Part 9.10.
(5) ASIC has the powers and functions that are provided for it in any
listing rules or arrangements made for the purposes of this section.
(6) An Australian market licensee’s products must not be traded on the
licensee’s own market otherwise than as allowed by this section.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(7) This section does not apply if the licence concerned was granted
under subsection 795B(2) (overseas markets). Instead, the law of
the country in which the market licensee’s principal place of
business is located applies for all purposes connected with the
inclusion of the licensee in the market’s official list.
798D Exemptions and modifications for self-listing licensees
(1) ASIC may:
(a) exempt a market licensee whose financial products are able
to be traded on the market from a modifiable provision (see
subsection (7)); or
(b) declare that a modifiable provision applies to a market
licensee whose financial products are able to be traded on the
market as if specified provisions were omitted, modified or
varied as specified in the declaration.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.2 Licensing of financial markets
Division 5 Other matters

Section 798E

78 Corporations Act 2001 (2) An exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must
publish notice of it in the Gazette.
(3) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified
conditions.
(4) If an exemption is granted subject to specified conditions, the
market licensee must comply with those conditions.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(5) If an exemption is granted subject to specified conditions, the
Court may, on ASIC’s application, order the licensee to comply
with one or more of those conditions in a specified way.
(6) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have
constituted an offence if:
(a) a particular condition had not been imposed on an exemption
under paragraph (1)(a); or
(b) a particular declaration under paragraph (1)(b) had not been
made;
that conduct does not constitute an offence unless, before the
conduct occurred (in addition to complying with the gazettal
requirement of subsection (2)), ASIC gave written notice setting
out the text of the condition or the declaration to the person. In a
prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the
prosecution must prove that this additional notification requirement
was complied with before the conduct occurred.
(7) In this section:
modifiable provision means:
(a) section 205G and any of the provisions of Chapter 6, 6A, 6B,
6C, 6CA or 7; or
(b) regulations made for the purposes of that section or any of
those provisions.
798E Other potential conflict situations
(1) The regulations may make provision in relation to the rules and
procedures that are to apply in the case of conflicts, or potential
conflicts, between the commercial interests of the licensee and the

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of financial markets Part 7.2
Other matters Division 5

Section 798E

Corporations Act 2001 79 need for the licensee to ensure that the market operates in the way
mentioned in paragraph 792A(a).
(2) In particular, such regulations may deal with the following:
(a) identifying when such a conflict, or potential conflict, is
taken to arise;
(b) empowering ASIC, instead of the licensee, to make decisions
and to take action under the market’s operating rules in
relation to such a conflict or potential conflict;
(c) empowering ASIC to require the licensee to take action
under the market’s operating rules (whether or not on ASIC’s
behalf) in relation to such a conflict or potential conflict.
Note: For fees in respect of ASIC performing this function, see Part 9.10.
(3) Subsection (2) does not limit the generality of subsection (1).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 1 Requirement to be licensed

Section 820A

80 Corporations Act 2001

Part 7.3—Licensing of clearing and settlement
facilities
Division 1—Requirement to be licensed
820A Need for a licence
(1) A person must only operate, or hold out that the person operates, a
clearing and settlement facility in this jurisdiction if:
(a) the person has an Australian CS facility licence that
authorises the person to operate the facility in this
jurisdiction; or
(b) the facility is exempt from the operation of this Part.
Note 1: A CS facility licensee may also provide financial services incidental to
the operation of the facility: see paragraph 911A(2)(d).
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence: see subsection
1311(1).
(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict
liability applies to paragraph (1)(b).
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
820B Other prohibitions on holding out
A person must not hold out:
(a) that the person has an Australian CS facility licence; or
(b) that the operation of a clearing and settlement facility by the
person in this jurisdiction is authorised by an Australian CS
facility licence; or
(c) that a clearing and settlement facility is exempt from the
operation of this Part;
if that is not the case.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Requirement to be licensed Division 1

Section 820C

Corporations Act 2001 81
820C Exemptions
(1) The Minister may, by publishing a notice in the Gazette, exempt
from the operation of this Part a particular clearing and settlement
facility or type of clearing and settlement facility.
(2) The Minister may, at any time, by publishing a notice in the
Gazette:
(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on an
exemption; or
(b) vary or revoke the conditions on an exemption; or
(c) revoke an exemption.
(3) However, the Minister may only take action under subsection (2)
after:
(a) giving notice, and an opportunity to make submissions on the
proposed action, to the operator of each clearing and
settlement facility known by the Minister to be covered by
the exemption; and
(b) if the exemption covers a type of clearing and settlement
facility—causing a notice to be published in a newspaper or
newspapers circulating generally in each State and internal
Territory allowing a reasonable time within which the
operator of each facility covered by the exemption may make
submissions on the proposed action.
This subsection does not apply to the Minister imposing conditions
when an exemption is made.
820D When a clearing and settlement facility is taken to be operated
in this jurisdiction
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a clearing and settlement facility
is taken to be operated in this jurisdiction if it is operated by a
body corporate that is registered under Chapter 2A.
(2) Subsection (1) does not limit the circumstances in which a clearing
and settlement facility is operated in this jurisdiction for the
purposes of this Chapter.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 2 Regulation of CS facility licensees

Section 821A

82 Corporations Act 2001

Division 2—Regulation of CS facility licensees
Subdivision A—Licensee’s obligations
821A General obligations
A CS facility licensee must:
(aa) to the extent that it is reasonably practicable to do so:
(i) comply with standards determined under section 827D;
and
(ii) do all other things necessary to reduce systemic risk;
and
(a) to the extent that it is reasonably practicable to do so, do all
things necessary to ensure that the facility’s services are
provided in a fair and effective way; and
(b) comply with the conditions on the licence; and
(c) have adequate arrangements (whether they involve a
self-regulatory structure or the appointment of an
independent person or related entity) for supervising the
facility, including arrangements for:
(i) handling conflicts between the commercial interests of
the licensee and the need for the licensee to ensure that
the facility’s services are provided in a fair and effective
way; and
(ii) enforcing compliance with the facility’s operating rules;
and
(d) have sufficient resources (including financial, technological
and human resources) to operate the facility properly and for
the required supervisory arrangements to be provided; and
(e) if the licensee is a foreign body corporate—be registered
under Division 2 of Part 5B.2; and
(f) if the licence was granted under subsection 824B(2)
(overseas clearing and settlement facilities)—both:
(i) remain authorised to operate a clearing and settlement
facility in the foreign country in which the licensee’s
principal place of business is located; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Regulation of CS facility licensees Division 2

Section 821B

Corporations Act 2001 83 (ii) get the Minister’s approval under section 821F before
that principal place of business becomes located in any
other foreign country; and
(g) if the licensee, or a holding company of the licensee, is a
widely held market body (within the meaning of Division 1
of Part 7.4)—take all reasonable steps to ensure that an
unacceptable control situation (within the meaning of that
Division) does not exist in relation to the body; and
(h) take all reasonable steps to ensure that no disqualified
individual becomes, or remains, involved in the licensee (see
Division 2 of Part 7.4).
821B Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters
(1) A CS facility licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as
practicable, if it becomes aware that it may no longer be able to
meet, or has breached, an obligation under section 821A. If ASIC
considers it appropriate to do so, ASIC may give the Minister
advice about the matter.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) A CS facility licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as soon as
practicable, as required by the following paragraphs:
(a) if the licensee provides a new class of financial service
incidental to the operation of the facility, the licensee must
give notice that includes details of the new class;
(b) if the licensee takes any kind of disciplinary action against a
participant in the facility, the licensee must give notice that
includes:
(i) the participant’s name; and
(ii) the reason for and nature of the action taken;
(c) if the licensee has reason to suspect that a person has
committed, is committing, or is about to commit a significant
contravention of the facility’s operating rules or this Act, the
licensee must give notice that includes:
(i) the person’s name; and
(ii) details of the contravention or impending contravention;
and
(iii) the licensee’s reasons for that belief.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 2 Regulation of CS facility licensees

Section 821BA

84 Corporations Act 2001
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) A CS facility licensee whose licence was granted under subsection
824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities) must, as soon
as practicable, give written notice to ASIC if:
(a) the licensee ceases to be authorised to operate a clearing and
settlement facility in the foreign country in which the
licensee’s principal place of business is located; or
(b) there is a significant change to the regulatory regime
applying in relation to the facility in the foreign country in
which the licensee’s principal place of business is located.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) As soon as practicable after:
(a) a person becomes or ceases to be a director, secretary or
senior manager of a CS facility licensee or of a holding
company of a CS facility licensee (including when a person
changes from one of those positions to another); or
(b) a CS facility licensee becomes aware that a person has come
to have, or has ceased to have, more than 15% of the voting
power in the licensee or in a holding company of the
licensee;
the licensee must give written notice of this to ASIC. The notice
must include such other information about the matter as is
prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this subsection.
Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Note 2: To the extent that the licensee is required to give the notice and
information under any other provision of this Act, the licensee may
comply with this subsection by doing so. It need not provide the same
information twice.
821BA Obligation to notify Reserve Bank of certain matters
(1) A CS facility licensee must give written notice to the Reserve Bank
of Australia (the Reserve Bank), as soon as practicable, if:
(a) the licensee becomes aware that it has failed to comply with
standards determined under section 827D, or is likely to fail
to comply with such standards; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Regulation of CS facility licensees Division 2

Section 821C

Corporations Act 2001 85 (b) the licensee becomes aware that it may no longer be able to
meet, or has breached, its obligation under subparagraph
821A(aa)(ii).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) If the Reserve Bank considers it appropriate to do so, the Reserve
Bank may give the Minister advice about the matter.
821C Obligation to assist
ASIC
(1) A CS facility licensee must give such assistance to ASIC, or a
person authorised by ASIC, as ASIC or the authorised person
reasonably requests in relation to the performance of ASIC’s
functions.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Such assistance may include showing ASIC the licensee’s books or
giving ASIC other information.
Reserve Bank
(3) A CS facility licensee must give such assistance to the Reserve
Bank of Australia (the Reserve Bank), or a person authorised by
the Reserve Bank, as the Reserve Bank or the authorised person
reasonably requests in relation to the performance of the Reserve
Bank’s functions under this Part.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) Such assistance may include showing the Reserve Bank the
licensee’s books or giving the Reserve Bank other information.
821D Obligation to give ASIC access to the facility
A CS facility licensee must give a person authorised by ASIC such
reasonable access to the facility as the person requests for any of
the purposes of this Chapter.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 2 Regulation of CS facility licensees

Section 821E

86 Corporations Act 2001
821E Annual report
(1) A CS facility licensee must, within 3 months after the end of its
financial year, give ASIC an annual report on the extent to which
the licensee complied with its obligations as a CS facility licensee
under this Chapter.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The licensee must ensure that the annual report is accompanied by
any information and statements prescribed by regulations made for
the purposes of this subsection.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) The licensee must also ensure that the annual report is
accompanied by any audit report that the Minister requires under
subsection (4).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) The Minister may, by giving written notice to a CS facility
licensee, require the licensee to obtain an audit report on the annual
report and on any information or statements accompanying it. The
Minister must nominate to prepare the audit report:
(a) ASIC; or
(b) a specified person or body that is suitably qualified.
(5) ASIC must give the annual report and accompanying material to
the Minister.
821F Change of country by foreign licensee
(1) In the case of a licence granted under subsection 824B(2), the
Minister may approve the location of the licensee’s principal place
of business in a new country only if:
(a) the new country is not Australia; and
(b) the operation of the facility in that country will be subject to
requirements and supervision that are sufficiently equivalent,
in relation to the degree of protection from systemic risk and
the level of effectiveness and fairness of services they
achieve, to the requirements and supervision to which

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Regulation of CS facility licensees Division 2

Section 822A

Corporations Act 2001 87 clearing and settlement facilities are subject under this Act in
relation to those matters.
(2) If, in relation to a licence granted under subsection 824B(2), the
licensee’s principal place of business changes to become a place in
Australia:
(a) the licence ceases to be in force from the time of the change;
and
(b) if the licensee wishes the facility to continue to be licensed,
the licensee may apply for the grant of a new licence under
subsection 824B(1); and
(c) the application must be assessed in accordance with
Subdivision A of Division 3, subject to such modifications (if
any) of that Subdivision as are set out in regulations made for
the purposes of this paragraph.
(3) An application referred to in paragraph (2)(b) may be made in
advance of the change of location of the principal place of
business, and a decision on the application may be made before
that time. However, any licence granted pursuant to the application
does not come into force until the change occurs.
Subdivision B—The facility’s operating rules and procedures
822A Content of the operating rules and procedures
(1) The operating rules of a licensed CS facility must deal with the
matters prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this
subsection.
(2) The regulations may also prescribe matters in respect of which a
licensed CS facility must have written procedures.
(3) However, subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the licensee is
also authorised to operate the facility in the foreign country in
which its principal place of business is located and the licence was
granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and
settlement facilities).
(4) In a subsection (3) case, ASIC may determine, by giving written
notice to the licensee, matters in respect of which the licensed CS
facility must have written procedures.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 2 Regulation of CS facility licensees

Section 822B

88 Corporations Act 2001
822B Legal effect of operating rules
The operating rules of a licensed CS facility have effect as a
contract under seal:
(a) between the licensee and each issuer of financial products in
respect of which the facility provides its services; and
(b) between the licensee and each participant in the facility; and
(c) between each issuer of financial products in respect of which
the facility provides its services and each participant in the
facility; and
(d) between a participant in the facility and each other
participant in the facility;
under which each of those persons agrees to observe the operating
rules to the extent that they apply to the person and to engage in
conduct that the person is required by the operating rules to engage
in.
822C Enforcement of operating rules
(1) If a person who is under an obligation to comply with or enforce
any of a licensed CS facility’s operating rules fails to meet that
obligation, an application to the Court may be made by:
(a) ASIC; or
(b) the licensee; or
(c) the operator of a financial market with which the facility has
arrangements to provide services for transactions effected
through the market; or
(d) a person aggrieved by the failure.
(2) After giving an opportunity to be heard to the applicant and the
person against whom the order is sought, the Court may make an
order giving directions to:
(a) the person against whom the order is sought; or
(b) if that person is a body corporate—the directors of the body
corporate;
about compliance with, or enforcement of, the operating rules.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Regulation of CS facility licensees Division 2

Section 822D

Corporations Act 2001 89
822D Changing the operating rules
Licensed CS facilities other than subsection 824B(2) facilities
(1) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the operating rules
of a licensed CS facility, other than a facility licensed under
subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and settlement facilities),
the licensee must lodge with ASIC written notice of the change.
The notice must:
(a) set out the text of the change; and
(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and
(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.
(2) If no notice is lodged with ASIC, as required by subsection (1),
within 21 days after the change is made, the change ceases to have
effect at the end of that period.
Subsection 824B(2) facilities
(3) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the operating rules
of a clearing and settlement facility the operation of which is
licensed under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and
settlement facilities), the licensee must lodge with ASIC written
notice of the change. The notice must:
(a) set out the text of the change; and
(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and
(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
822E Disallowance of changes to operating rules
(1) This section does not apply in respect of an Australian CS facility
licence granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and
settlement facilities).
(2) As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under section 822D
from a CS facility licensee, ASIC must send a copy of the notice to
the Minister.
(3) Within 28 days after ASIC receives the notice from the licensee,
the Minister may disallow all or a specified part of the change to
the operating rules.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 2 Regulation of CS facility licensees

Section 823A

90 Corporations Act 2001 (4) In deciding whether to do so, the Minister must have regard to the
consistency of the change with the licensee’s obligations under this
Part (including in particular the obligations mentioned in
paragraphs 821A(aa) and (a)).
Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 827A.
(5) As soon as practicable after all or a part of a change is disallowed,
ASIC must give notice of the disallowance to the licensee. The
change ceases to have effect, to the extent of the disallowance,
when the licensee receives the notice.
Subdivision C—Powers of the Minister, ASIC and the Reserve
Bank in relation to licensees
823A Minister’s power to give directions
(1) If the Minister considers that a CS facility licensee is not
complying with its obligations as a CS facility licensee under this
Chapter, the Minister may give the licensee a written direction to
do specified things that the Minister believes will promote
compliance by the licensee with those obligations.
(2) The licensee must comply with the direction.
(3) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply
to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee
comply with the direction.
(4) The Minister may vary or revoke a direction at any time by giving
written notice to the licensee.
823B Minister’s power to require special report
(1) The Minister may give a CS facility licensee a written notice
requiring the licensee to give ASIC a special report on specified
matters. ASIC must give the report to the Minister.
(2) The notice may also require the licensee to give ASIC an audit
report on the special report. The Minister must nominate to prepare
the report:
(a) ASIC; or
(b) a specified person or body that is suitably qualified.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Regulation of CS facility licensees Division 2

Section 823C

Corporations Act 2001 91 (3) The licensee must give the special report, and audit report (if any),
to ASIC within the time required by the notice.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
823C ASIC to assess licensee’s compliance
(1) ASIC may do an assessment of how well a CS facility licensee is
complying with its obligations as a CS facility licensee under this
Chapter (other than its obligation under paragraph 821A(aa)). In
doing the assessment, ASIC may take account of any information
and reports that it thinks appropriate, including information and
reports from an overseas regulatory authority.
(2) In respect of the obligation in paragraph 821A(c), ASIC must do
such an assessment at least once a year for each CS facility
licensee.
(3) As soon as practicable after doing an assessment under this section,
ASIC must give a written report on the assessment to the Minister
and a copy of the written report to the Reserve Bank of Australia.
(4) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to any other
person’s affairs to a material extent, ASIC may, at the person’s
request or of its own motion, give the person a copy of the written
report on the assessment or the relevant part of the report.
(5) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to a serious
contravention of a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or
Territory, ASIC may give a copy of the written report on the
assessment, or the relevant part of the report, to:
(a) the Australian Federal Police; or
(b) the Chief Executive Officer of the Australian Crime
Commission or a member of the staff of the ACC (within the
meaning of the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002); or
(c) the Director of Public Prosecutions; or
(d) an agency prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of
this paragraph.
(6) Either the Minister or ASIC may cause the written report on an
assessment, or part of the report on an assessment, to be printed
and published.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 2 Regulation of CS facility licensees

Section 823CA

92 Corporations Act 2001
823CA Reserve Bank to assess licensee’s compliance
(1) At least once each year, the Reserve Bank of Australia (the
Reserve Bank) must do an assessment of how well each CS facility
licensee is complying with its obligation under paragraph
821A(aa). In doing the assessment, the Reserve Bank may take
account of any information and reports that it thinks appropriate,
including information and reports from an overseas regulatory
authority.
(2) As soon as practicable after doing an assessment under this section,
the Reserve Bank must give a written report on the assessment to
the Minister and a copy of the written report to ASIC.
(3) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to any other
person’s affairs to a material extent, the Reserve Bank may, at the
person’s request or of its own motion, give the person a copy of the
written report on the assessment or the relevant part of the report.
(4) If an assessment, or part of an assessment, relates to a serious
contravention of a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or
Territory, the Reserve Bank may give a copy of the written report
on the assessment, or the relevant part of the report, to:
(a) the Australian Federal Police; or
(b) the Chief Executive Officer of the Australian Crime
Commission or a member of the staff of the ACC (within the
meaning of the Australian Crime Commission Act 2002); or
(c) the Director of Public Prosecutions; or
(d) an agency prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of
this paragraph.
(5) Either the Minister or the Reserve Bank may cause the written
report on an assessment, or part of the report on an assessment, to
be printed and published.
823D Directions power—protecting dealings in financial products
and ensuring fair and effective provision of services by
CS facilities
(1) If ASIC:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Regulation of CS facility licensees Division 2

Section 823D

Corporations Act 2001 93 (a) considers that it is necessary, or in the public interest, to
protect people dealing in a financial product or class of
financial products; or
(b) considers that a CS facility licensee has not done all things
reasonably practicable to ensure the facility’s services are
provided in a fair and effective way;
ASIC may give the licensee written advice that it intends to give
the licensee a specified direction under this section. The advice
must include the reasons for ASIC’s intention to give the direction.
(2) As soon as practicable after giving the advice to the licensee, ASIC
must give notice of the advice to the operator of each financial
market with which the facility has arrangements to provide
services for transactions effected through the market.
(3) For the purpose of remedying the matter mentioned in
subsection (1), ASIC may give the following directions to the
licensee under this section:
(a) a direction not to provide the licensee’s services in relation to
any transactions, of which the licensee receives notice after
the direction takes effect, that relate to a specified financial
product or class of financial products;
(b) any other direction concerning dealings with transactions that
relate to a specified financial product or class of financial
products.
(4) If, after receiving ASIC’s advice and reasons:
(a) the licensee does not take steps that in ASIC’s view are
adequate to address the situation; and
(b) ASIC still considers that it is appropriate to give the direction
to the licensee;
ASIC may give the licensee the direction, in writing, with a
statement setting out the reasons for giving the direction.
(5) The direction has effect until the earlier of the following times:
(a) the time ASIC revokes the direction in accordance with
subsection (10);
(b) the end of the period (which may be up to 21 days) specified
in the direction as the period during which the direction is
effective ends.
While the direction has effect, the licensee must comply with the
direction and must not provide any services contrary to it.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 2 Regulation of CS facility licensees

Section 823E

94 Corporations Act 2001
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(6) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply
to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee
comply with the direction.
(7) As soon as practicable after making or varying (see subsection (9))
a direction, ASIC must:
(a) give a copy of the direction or variation to:
(i) if the direction relates to a specified financial product—
the issuer of that product; and
(ii) each of the operators mentioned in subsection (2); and
(b) give a written report to the Minister setting out ASIC’s
reasons for making the direction or variation; and
(c) give a copy of the report to the licensee.
(8) If, at any time after the licensee receives ASIC’s advice under
subsection (1), the licensee requests in writing that ASIC refer the
matter to the Minister, ASIC must do so immediately. In that event,
the Minister may, if he or she considers it appropriate, require
ASIC not to make, or to revoke, the direction. ASIC must
immediately comply with such a requirement.
(9) ASIC may vary a direction by giving written notice to the licensee.
(10) ASIC may revoke a direction by giving written notice to the
licensee. ASIC must also give written notice of the revocation to
each of the operators mentioned in subsection (2).
823E Directions power—reduction of systemic risk
(1) If ASIC considers that a CS facility licensee has not done all things
reasonably practicable to reduce systemic risk in the provision of
the facility’s services, ASIC may give the licensee a direction, in
writing, to take:
(a) specified measures to comply with the whole or a part of a
standard determined under section 827D; or
(b) any other action that ASIC considers will reduce systemic
risk in the provision of the facility’s services.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Regulation of CS facility licensees Division 2

Section 823E

Corporations Act 2001 95 (2) The direction may deal with the time by which, or period during
which, it is to be complied with. The time or period must be
reasonable.
(3) The licensee must comply with the direction.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3A) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply
to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee
comply with the direction.
(4) ASIC may vary the direction by giving written notice to the
licensee.
(5) The direction has effect until ASIC revokes it by giving written
notice to the licensee.
(6) ASIC may revoke the direction if, at the time of revocation, it
considers that the direction is no longer necessary or appropriate.
(7) Before giving, varying or revoking the direction, ASIC must
consult the Reserve Bank of Australia. However, a failure to
consult the Reserve Bank of Australia does not invalidate the
direction, variation or revocation.
(8) The Reserve Bank of Australia may at any time request ASIC to
make a direction under this section. However, ASIC is not required
to comply with the request.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 3 The Australian CS facility licence

Section 824A

96 Corporations Act 2001

Division 3—The Australian CS facility licence
Subdivision A—How to get a licence
824A How to apply for a licence
(1) A body corporate may apply for an Australian CS facility licence
by lodging with ASIC an application that:
(a) includes the information required by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph; and
(b) is accompanied by the documents (if any) required by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(2) ASIC must, within a reasonable time, give the application to the
Minister with advice about the application.
824B When a licence may be granted
General
(1) The Minister may grant an applicant an Australian CS facility
licence if the Minister is satisfied that:
(a) the application was made in accordance with section 824A;
and
(b) the applicant will comply with the obligations that will apply
if the licence is granted; and
(c) the applicant has adequate operating rules, and procedures,
(see Subdivision B of Division 2) for the facility to ensure, as
far as is reasonably practicable, that systemic risk is reduced
and the facility is operated in a fair and effective way; and
(d) the applicant has adequate arrangements (whether they
involve a self-regulatory structure or the appointment of an
independent person or related entity) for supervising the
facility, including arrangements for:
(i) handling conflicts between the commercial interests of
the licensee and the need for the licensee to reduce
systemic risk and ensure that the facility’s services are
provided in a fair and effective way; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
The Australian CS facility licence Division 3

Section 824B

Corporations Act 2001 97 (ii) enforcing compliance with the facility’s operating rules;
and
(e) no unacceptable control situation (see Division 1 of Part 7.4)
is likely to result if the licence is granted; and
(f) no disqualified individual appears to be involved in the
applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4).
This subsection has effect subject to subsections (3) and (4).
Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 827A in
deciding whether to grant a licence.
Alternative criteria for granting licence to overseas clearing and
settlement facility
(2) If an applicant is authorised to operate a clearing and settlement
facility in the foreign country in which its principal place of
business is located, the Minister may grant the applicant an
Australian CS facility licence authorising the applicant to operate
the same facility in this jurisdiction. The Minister must be satisfied
that:
(a) the application was made in accordance with section 824A;
and
(b) the applicant will comply with the obligations that will apply
if the licence is granted; and
(c) the operation of the facility in that country is subject to
requirements and supervision that are sufficiently equivalent,
in relation to the degree of protection from systemic risk and
the level of effectiveness and fairness of services they
achieve, to the requirements and supervision to which
clearing and settlement facilities are subject under this Act in
relation to those matters; and
(d) the applicant undertakes to cooperate with ASIC and the
Reserve Bank of Australia by sharing information and in
other ways; and
(e) no unacceptable control situation (see Division 1 of Part 7.4)
is likely to result if the licence is granted; and
(f) no disqualified individual appears to be involved in the
applicant (see Division 2 of Part 7.4); and
(g) any other requirements that are prescribed by regulations
made for the purposes of this subsection are satisfied.
This subsection has effect subject to subsections (3) and (4).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 3 The Australian CS facility licence

Section 824C

98 Corporations Act 2001
Note: The Minister must also have regard to the matters in section 827A in
deciding whether to grant a licence.
Foreign bodies
(3) If the applicant is a foreign body corporate, the Minister:
(a) must not grant the applicant a licence unless the applicant is
registered under Division 2 of Part 5B.2; and
(b) may otherwise grant a licence under either subsection (1) or
(2) (subject to the relevant criteria being satisfied).
Disqualified individuals
(4) The Minister must not grant the applicant a licence unless:
(a) ASIC has notified the Minister that, as far as ASIC is aware,
no disqualified individual is involved in the applicant (see
Division 2 of Part 7.4); or
(b) 42 days have passed since the application was made and
ASIC has not given a notice under subsection 853D(2) to the
applicant within that 42 days.
824C Publication of notice of licence grant
If the Minister grants an Australian CS facility licence, the
Minister must publish a notice in the Gazette stating:
(a) the name of the licensee; and
(b) the date on which the licence was granted; and
(c) the conditions on the licence.
824D More than one licence in the same document
If the Minister grants a person 2 or more of the following:
(a) an Australian CS facility licence;
(b) an Australian market licence;
they may be included in the same document.
824E More than one CS facility covered by the same licence
(1) The same Australian CS facility licence may authorise the licensee
to operate 2 or more clearing and settlement facilities.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
The Australian CS facility licence Division 3

Section 825A

Corporations Act 2001 99 (2) In that case, a reference in this Chapter to the clearing and
settlement facility to which an Australian CS facility licence relates
is taken instead to be a reference to each of those facilities
severally.
(3) Before varying the conditions on an Australian CS facility licence
so as to add another facility that the licensee is authorised to
operate, the Minister must be satisfied of the matters listed in
subsection 824B(1) or (2) (as appropriate) in relation to the facility.
(4) An Australian CS facility licence that authorises the licensee to
operate 2 or more clearing and settlement facilities may be
suspended or cancelled under Subdivision C in respect of one or
some of those facilities only, as if the licensee held a separate
licence for each of the facilities.
Subdivision B—The conditions on the licence
825A The conditions on the licence
(1) The Minister may, at any time:
(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on an Australian
CS facility licence; or
(b) vary or revoke conditions imposed on such a licence;
by giving written notice to the licensee. The Minister must also
publish a notice in the Gazette with details of the action and when
it took effect.
Note: As well as the requirements in this section, the Minister must also
have regard to the matters in section 827A.
(2) The Minister may do so:
(a) on the Minister’s own initiative, subject to subsection (3); or
(b) if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for the
Minister to do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if
any, required by regulations made for the purposes of this
paragraph.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(3) The Minister may only impose conditions or additional conditions,
or vary the conditions, on the licence on his or her own initiative if:
(a) he or she considers it appropriate to do so having regard to:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 3 The Australian CS facility licence

Section 826A

100 Corporations Act 2001 (i) the licensee’s obligations as a CS facility licensee under
this Chapter; and
(ii) any change in the facility’s operations or the conditions
in which the facility is operating; and
(b) the Minister gives the licensee written notice of the proposed
action and an opportunity to make a submission before it
takes effect.
This subsection does not apply to the Minister imposing conditions
when a licence is granted.
(4) The Minister must ensure that each Australian CS facility licence is
subject to conditions that specify:
(a) the particular facility that the licensee is authorised to
operate; and
(b) the class or classes of financial products in respect of which
the facility can provide services.
(5) ASIC must give the Minister any application and documents
lodged under subsection (2).
Subdivision C—When a licence can be varied, suspended or
cancelled
826A Varying licences
(1) The Minister may vary an Australian CS facility licence to take
account of a change in the licensee’s name if the licensee lodges
with ASIC an application for the variation, accompanied by the
documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes
of this subsection.
Note 1: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 825A.
Note 2: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(2) The Minister must give written notice of the variation to the
licensee.
(3) ASIC must give the Minister any application and documents
lodged under subsection (1).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
The Australian CS facility licence Division 3

Section 826B

Corporations Act 2001 101
826B Immediate suspension or cancellation
The Minister may, by giving written notice to a CS facility
licensee, suspend the licence for a specified period, or cancel it, if:
(a) the licensee ceases to carry on the business of operating the
facility; or
(b) the licensee becomes an externally-administered body
corporate; or
(c) the licensee asks the Minister to do so; or
(d) in the case of a licence granted under subsection 824B(2)
(overseas clearing and settlement facilities):
(i) the licensee ceases to be authorised to operate a clearing
and settlement facility in the foreign country in which
the licensee’s principal place of business is located; or
(ii) there is a change to the regulatory regime applying in
relation to the facility to which the licence relates in the
country in which the licensee’s principal place of
business is located, and, because of that change, the
Minister is no longer satisfied as mentioned in
paragraph 824B(2)(c).
826C Suspension or cancellation following hearing and report
(1) If the Minister considers that a CS facility licensee has breached
one or more of its obligations as a CS facility licensee under this
Chapter, the Minister may give the licensee a written notice that
requires the licensee to show cause, at a hearing before a specified
person, why the licence should not be suspended or cancelled.
(2) The notice must specify:
(a) the grounds on which it is proposed to suspend or cancel the
licence; and
(b) a reasonable time and place at which the hearing is to be
held.
However, if the licensee consents, the person conducting the
hearing may fix a different time or place.
(3) The person conducting the hearing must:
(a) give the licensee an opportunity to be heard at the hearing;
and
(b) give the Minister:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 3 The Australian CS facility licence

Section 826D

102 Corporations Act 2001 (i) a report about the hearing; and
(ii) a recommendation about the grounds in the notice on
which it is proposed to suspend or cancel the licence.
(4) After considering the report and recommendation, the Minister
may:
(a) decide to take no further action in relation to the matter and
give written advice of that decision to the licensee; or
(b) suspend the licence for a specified period, or cancel the
licence, by giving written notice to the licensee.
Note: The Minister must have regard to the matters in section 827A.
826D Effect of suspension
(1) A person whose Australian CS facility licence is suspended is
taken not to hold that licence while it is suspended.
(2) However, the Minister may specify in the written notice to the
licensee that subsection (1) does not apply for specified purposes.
826E Variation or revocation of suspension
The Minister may at any time vary or revoke a suspension of an
Australian CS facility licence by giving written notice to the
licensee.
826F Publication of notice of licence suspension or cancellation
(1) If the Minister:
(a) suspends, or varies or revokes a suspension of, an Australian
CS facility licence; or
(b) cancels an Australian CS facility licence;
the Minister must publish a notice in the Gazette to that effect.
(2) The notice must state when the action took effect.
826G Suspension and cancellation only in accordance with this
Subdivision
An Australian CS facility licence cannot be varied, suspended or
cancelled otherwise than in accordance with this Subdivision.
Note: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 825A.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Other matters Division 4

Section 827A

Corporations Act 2001 103

Division 4—Other matters
827A Matters to be taken into account by the Minister
(1) The Minister must have regard to certain matters in deciding
whether to:
(a) grant an applicant an Australian CS facility licence under
section 824B; or
(b) impose, vary or revoke conditions on such a licence under
section 825A; or
(c) suspend or cancel such a licence under section 826C; or
(d) disallow a change to the operating rules of a licensed CS
facility under section 822E.
(2) These are the matters the Minister must have regard to:
(a) the structure, or proposed structure, of the facility;
(b) the nature of the services provided, or proposed to be
provided, by the facility;
(c) the size, or proposed size, of the facility;
(d) the nature of the financial products in respect of which the
facility provides services or proposes to provide services;
(e) the participants, or proposed participants, in the facility and
whether those participants:
(i) in using the facility’s services, are, or will be, providing
financial services to other persons; or
(ii) use, or will use, the facility’s services in respect of
financial products they acquire or dispose of as retail
clients or as wholesale clients; or
(iii) are, or will be, participants in a financial market, or
other clearing and settlement facilities, as well;
(f) the technology used, or proposed to be used, in the operation
of the facility;
(g) whether it would be in the public interest to take the action
referred to in subsection (1);
(h) any relevant advice received from ASIC or the Reserve Bank
of Australia.
The Minister may also have regard to any other matter that the
Minister considers relevant.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 4 Other matters

Section 827B

104 Corporations Act 2001 (3) If the Minister is deciding whether to take the action mentioned in
paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) in respect of an Australian CS facility
licence granted under subsection 824B(2) (overseas clearing and
settlement facilities), the Minister must also have regard to:
(a) the criteria that the licensee or applicant satisfied to obtain an
authorisation to operate the same facility in the foreign
country in which their principal place of business is located;
and
(b) the obligations they must continue to satisfy to keep the
authorisation; and
(c) the level of supervision to which the facility is subject in that
country; and
(d) whether adequate arrangements exist for cooperation
between ASIC, the Reserve Bank of Australia and the
authority, or authorities, that are responsible for that
supervision.
827B ASIC may give advice to Minister
ASIC may give advice to the Minister in relation to:
(a) any matter in respect of which the Minister has a discretion
under this Part; or
(b) any other matter concerning clearing and settlement facilities.
Note: In some cases, the Minister must have regard to ASIC’s advice: see
paragraph 827A(2)(h).
827C Reserve Bank may give advice to Minister
The Reserve Bank of Australia may give advice to the Minister in
relation to any matter concerning clearing and settlement facilities.
Note: In some cases, the Minister must have regard to the Reserve Bank’s
advice: see paragraph 827A(2)(h).
827D Reserve Bank may determine financial stability standards
(1) The Reserve Bank of Australia (the Reserve Bank) may, in
writing, determine standards for the purposes of ensuring that CS
facility licensees conduct their affairs in a way that causes or
promotes overall stability in the Australian financial system.
(2) The standards are to be complied with by:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities Part 7.3
Other matters Division 4

Section 827D

Corporations Act 2001 105 (a) all CS facility licensees; or
(b) a specified class of CS facility licensees, in the case of a
standard that is expressed to apply only in relation to that
class.
(3) Before the Reserve Bank determines a standard, it must consult
with:
(a) the CS facility licensees that will be required to comply with
the standard; and
(b) ASIC.
(4) A standard may impose different requirements to be complied with
in different situations or in respect of different activities.
(5) A standard:
(a) comes into force:
(i) unless subparagraph (ii) applies—on the day on which
the determination of the standard is made; or
(ii) if that determination specifies a later day as the day on
which the standard comes into force—on the day so
specified; and
(b) continues in force until it is revoked.
(6) The Reserve Bank may vary a standard in writing. Before it does
so, it must consult with:
(a) the CS facility licensees that will be required to comply with
the standard if it is varied as proposed; and
(b) ASIC.
(7) If the Reserve Bank determines or varies a standard, it must, as
soon as practicable:
(a) cause a notice advising of the determination of the standard,
or of the variation of the standard, and summarising the
purpose and effect of the standard or variation, to be
published in the Gazette; and
(b) make the text of the notice available on the Internet; and
(c) give a copy of the standard, or of the variation, to the
following:
(i) each CS facility licensee to which the standard applies;
(ii) the Minister;
(iii) ASIC.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.3 Licensing of clearing and settlement facilities
Division 4 Other matters

Section 827D

106 Corporations Act 2001 (8) The Reserve Bank may revoke a standard in writing. Before it does
so, it must consult with ASIC.
(9) If the Reserve Bank revokes a standard, it must, as soon as
practicable:
(a) cause a notice advising of the revocation of the standard to be
published in the Gazette; and
(b) make the text of the notice available on the Internet; and
(c) give notice of the revocation of the standard to the following:
(i) each CS facility licensee to which the standard applied;
(ii) the Minister;
(iii) ASIC.
(10) The Reserve Bank must take reasonable steps to ensure that copies
of the current text of the standards are available for inspection and
purchase.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Limits on involvement with licensees Part 7.4
Limit on control of certain licensees Division 1

Section 850A

Corporations Act 2001 107

Part 7.4—Limits on involvement with licensees
Division 1—Limit on control of certain licensees
Subdivision A—15% voting power limit
850A Scope of Division
(1) This Division applies in relation to a body corporate that:
(a) has an Australian market licence or an Australian CS facility
licence; or
(b) is the holding company of a body corporate that has an
Australian market licence or an Australian CS facility
licence;
and that is specified in regulations made for the purposes of this
section.
(2) In this Division, such a body is called a widely held market body.
850B Meaning of unacceptable control situation
(1) For the purposes of this Division, an unacceptable control
situation exists in relation to a widely held market body and in
relation to a particular person if the person’s voting power in the
body is more than:
(a) 15%; or
(b) in relation to a body other than the Australian Stock
Exchange Limited—if an approval of a higher percentage is
in force under Subdivision B in relation to the body and in
relation to the person, that higher percentage; or
(c) in relation to the Australian Stock Exchange Limited—if the
regulations prescribe a higher percentage in relation to the
Australian Stock Exchange Limited in relation to the person,
that higher percentage.
(2) Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (1)(c) may not
take effect earlier than the day after the last day on which the
regulations may be disallowed under section 48 of the Acts
Interpretation Act 1901.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.4 Limits on involvement with licensees
Division 1 Limit on control of certain licensees

Section 850C

108 Corporations Act 2001
850C Acquisitions of shares
If:
(a) a person, or 2 or more persons under an arrangement, acquire
shares in a body corporate; and
(b) the acquisition has the result, in relation to a widely held
market body, that:
(i) an unacceptable control situation comes into existence
in relation to the body and in relation to a person; or
(ii) if an unacceptable control situation already exists in
relation to the body and in relation to a person—there is
an increase in the voting power of the person in the
body;
the person or persons mentioned in paragraph (a) contravene this
section.
Note: A contravention of this section is an offence (see subsection 1311(1)).
850D Remedial orders
(1) If an unacceptable control situation exists in relation to a widely
held market body, the Court may make such orders as the Court
considers appropriate for the purpose of ensuring that the
unacceptable control situation ceases to exist.
(2) However, the Court may only make orders under this section on
application by:
(a) the Minister; or
(b) ASIC; or
(c) the body; or
(d) a person who has any voting power in the body.
(3) The Court’s orders may include:
(a) an order directing the disposal of shares; or
(b) an order restraining the exercise of any rights attached to
shares; or
(c) an order prohibiting or deferring the payment of any sums
due to a person in respect of shares held by the person; or
(d) an order that any exercise of rights attached to shares be
disregarded; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Limits on involvement with licensees Part 7.4
Limit on control of certain licensees Division 1

Section 850E

Corporations Act 2001 109 (e) an order directing any person to do or refrain from doing a
specified act, for the purpose of securing compliance with
any other order made under this section; or
(f) an order containing such ancillary or consequential
provisions as the Court thinks just.
(4) Subsection (3) does not, by implication, limit subsection (1).
(5) Before making an order under this section, the Court may direct
that notice of the application be given to such persons as the Court
thinks fit or be published in such manner as the Court thinks fit, or
both.
(6) The Court may, by order:
(a) rescind, vary or discharge an order made by the Court under
this section; or
(b) suspend the operation of such an order.
850E Injunctions
(1) If any conduct (including a refusal or failure to act) amounts or
would amount to a contravention of this Division in relation to a
particular widely held market body, the body is taken, for the
purposes of section 1324, to be a person whose interests are
affected by the conduct.
(2) Subsection (1) does not, by implication, limit the class of persons
whose interests are affected by the conduct.
(3) The Minister has the same powers as ASIC to apply for an
injunction under section 1324 in relation to a contravention of this
Division.
(4) The powers in sections 850D and 1324 do not, by implication,
limit each other.
Subdivision B—Approval to exceed 15% voting power limit
851A Application for approval to exceed 15% voting power limit
(1) A person may apply for approval to have voting power of more
than 15% in a particular widely held market body (other than the

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Section 851B

110 Corporations Act 2001 Australian Stock Exchange Limited) by lodging with ASIC an
application that:
(a) specifies the percentage of voting power (if any) the person
currently has in the widely held market body; and
(b) specifies the percentage of voting power the person is
seeking approval to have in the body; and
(c) sets out the person’s reasons for making the application.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(2) ASIC must give the application to the Minister as soon as possible.
851B Approval of application
(1) If the Minister is satisfied that it is in the national interest to
approve the applicant having voting power in the widely held
market body of more than 15%, the Minister may grant the
application.
(2) If the Minister grants the application, the Minister must:
(a) give written notice of the approval to the applicant; and
(b) specify the percentage of the voting power the Minister
approves the applicant having in the widely held market body
(which may or may not be the percentage the applicant
applied for); and
(c) either:
(i) specify the period during which the approval remains in
force; or
(ii) specify that the approval remains in force indefinitely.
(3) If the Minister refuses the application, the Minister must give
written notice of the refusal to the applicant.
(4) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a
notice of approval under this section to be:
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) given to the body concerned.
851C Duration of approval
(1) An approval under section 851B remains in force:

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Section 851D

Corporations Act 2001 111 (a) if the notice of approval specifies a period during which the
approval remains in force—until the end of that period, or if
the Minister extends that period, until the end of that
extended period; or
(b) otherwise—indefinitely.
Extension of approval
(2) A person who holds an approval under section 851B that is in force
for a specified period may apply to extend that period by lodging
with ASIC an application that sets out the person’s reasons for
making the application.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(3) ASIC must give the application to the Minister as soon as possible.
(4) If the Minister is satisfied that it is in the national interest to grant
the extension, the Minister may grant the application.
(5) If the Minister grants the application, the Minister must:
(a) give written notice of the extension to the applicant; and
(b) specify the extended period during which the approval
remains in force (which may or may not be the period the
applicant applied for).
(6) If the Minister refuses the application, the Minister must give
written notice of the refusal to the applicant.
(7) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a
notice of extension under this section to be:
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.
851D Conditions of approval
(1) An approval under section 851B is subject to such conditions (if
any) as are specified in the notice of approval.
(2) The Minister may, by written notice given to a person who holds
an approval under section 851B:
(a) impose one or more conditions or further conditions to which
the approval is subject; or
(b) revoke or vary any condition:

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Section 851E

112 Corporations Act 2001 (i) imposed under paragraph (a); or
(ii) specified in the notice of approval.
(3) The Minister’s power under subsection (2) may be exercised:
(a) on the Minister’s own initiative; or
(b) on application by the person who holds the approval.
(4) An application made by a person under paragraph (3)(b) must be
lodged with ASIC and must set out the person’s reasons for
making the application.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(5) ASIC must give the application to the Minister as soon as possible.
(6) If the Minister refuses an application under paragraph (3)(b), the
Minister must give written notice of the refusal to the applicant.
(7) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a
notice under subsection (2) to be:
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.
(8) A person who holds an approval under section 851B must give
written notice to ASIC if they become aware that they have
breached a condition to which the approval is subject.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
851E Varying percentage approved
Application by holder of approval
(1) A person who holds an approval under section 851B may apply to
vary the percentage specified in the approval by lodging with ASIC
an application that:
(a) specifies the percentage of the voting power the person
currently has in the widely held market body concerned; and
(b) specifies the percentage of the voting power the person is
seeking approval to have in the body; and
(c) sets out the person’s reasons for making the application.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

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Section 851F

Corporations Act 2001 113 (2) ASIC must give the application to the Minister as soon as possible.
(3) If the Minister is satisfied that it is in the national interest to vary
the percentage, the Minister may grant the application.
(4) If the Minister grants the application, the Minister must:
(a) give written notice of the variation to the applicant; and
(b) specify the variation granted (which may or may not be the
variation the applicant applied for).
(5) If the Minister refuses an application, the Minister must give
written notice of the refusal to the applicant.
Minister’s own initiative
(6) The Minister may, by written notice given to a person who holds
an approval under section 851B, vary the percentage specified in
the approval if the Minister is satisfied that it is in the national
interest to do so.
Percentage varied upwards
(7) If the Minister varies a percentage upwards, the variation takes
effect on the day the notice of variation is given.
Percentage varied downwards
(8) If the Minister varies a percentage downwards, the variation takes
effect on the day specified in the notice of variation. The specified
day must be a day at least 90 days after the day on which the notice
is given.
Notification of variation
(9) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a
notice of variation under this section to be:
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.
851F Revoking an approval
(1) The Minister may, by written notice given to a person who holds
an approval under section 851B in relation to a widely held market
body, revoke the approval if the Minister is satisfied that:

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Section 851G

114 Corporations Act 2001 (a) it is in the national interest to do so; or
(b) an unacceptable control situation exists in relation to the
widely held market body and in relation to the person; or
(c) there has been a contravention of a condition to which the
approval is subject.
(2) The revocation takes effect on the day specified in the notice of
revocation. The specified day must be a day at least 90 days after
the day on which the notice is given.
(3) If a person who holds an approval under section 851B requests the
Minister to revoke the approval, the Minister must, by written
notice given to the person, revoke the approval. The revocation
takes effect on the day specified in the notice of revocation.
(4) As soon as practicable, the Minister must arrange for a copy of a
notice of revocation under this section to be:
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.
851G Further information about applications
(1) This section applies to an application under this Subdivision.
(2) The Minister may, by written notice given to the applicant, require
the applicant to give the Minister, within a specified period, further
information about the application.
(3) The Minister may refuse to consider the application until the
applicant gives the Minister the information.
851H Time limit for Minister’s decision
(1) The Minister must make a decision on an application under this
Subdivision within 30 days after receiving the application.
(2) However, before the end of the 30 days, the Minister may decide to
extend the period for considering the application until the end of 60
days after the application was received.

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Section 851I

Corporations Act 2001 115 (3) If the Minister has not made a decision within the 30 days (or the
60 days, if subsection (2) applies), the Minister is taken to have
granted whatever was applied for. As soon as practicable after that
happens, the Minister must arrange for a notice to that effect to be:
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) given to the widely held market body concerned.
(4) The time for making the decision stops running if the Minister
gives a notice under section 851G in relation to the application, and
does not start again until the notice is complied with.
(5) The time limit in this section does not apply to an application under
section 851A or 851E if an unacceptable control situation exists in
relation to the applicant and in relation to the relevant widely held
market body at any time before the Minister makes a decision.
851I Preservation of voting power in relation to bodies specified in
regulations made for section 850A
(1) A person holding a particular percentage of voting power in a body
at its specification time (see subsection (3)) is taken at that time to
be granted an approval under section 851B to hold that percentage
of voting power in the body if:
(a) in a case where the body’s specification time occurs at the
same time as the commencement of this section—the person
holding the percentage of voting power in the body
immediately before the specification time did not, to any
extent, constitute a contravention of previous law (see
subsection (3)); and
(b) whether the body’s specification time occurs at the same time
as, or after, the commencement of this section—on the
body’s specification time, the person holding that percentage
of voting power in the body would (apart from this section)
constitute an unacceptable control situation.
Note: Conditions can be imposed on the approval under section 851D and
then varied or revoked in accordance with that section.
(2) The Minister is taken to have complied with the Minister’s
obligations under section 851B in relation to the granting of the
approval to the person.

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Section 852A

116 Corporations Act 2001 (3) In this section:
contravention of previous law means a contravention of a
provision of Part 7.1A of this Act as in force immediately before
the commencement of this section.
specification time, in relation to a body, means the time a body
first becomes specified in regulations made for the purposes of
section 850A.
Subdivision C—Other matters
852A Acquisition of property
(1) The Court must not make an order under section 850D if:
(a) the order would result in the acquisition of property from a
person otherwise than on just terms; and
(b) the order would be invalid because of paragraph 51(xxxi) of
the Constitution.
(2) Section 1350 does not apply in relation to the making of an order
under section 850D.
(3) In this section:
acquisition of property has the same meaning as in paragraph
51(xxxi) of the Constitution.
just terms has the same meaning as in paragraph 51(xxxi) of the
Constitution.
852B Anti-avoidance
(1) If:
(a) one or more persons enter into, begin to carry out or carry out
a scheme; and
(b) it would be concluded that the person, or any of the persons,
who entered into, began to carry out or carried out the
scheme or any part of the scheme did so for the sole or
dominant purpose of avoiding the application of any
provision of Subdivision A in relation to any person or
persons (whether or not mentioned in paragraph (a)); and

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Section 852B

Corporations Act 2001 117 (c) as a result of the scheme or a part of the scheme, a person
(the controller) increases the controller’s voting power in a
widely held market body;
the Minister may give the controller a written direction to cease
having that voting power within a specified time.
(2) A person who is subject to a written direction under subsection (1)
must comply with the direction.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) In this section:
increase voting power includes increasing it from a starting point
of nil.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.4 Limits on involvement with licensees
Division 2 Individuals who are not fit and proper are disqualified

Section 853A

118 Corporations Act 2001

Division 2—Individuals who are not fit and proper are
disqualified
853A Who is disqualified
For the purposes of this Division, an individual is disqualified if:
(a) a declaration by ASIC that the individual is disqualified is in
effect under section 853C; or
(b) the individual is disqualified from managing a corporation
under section 206B; or
(c) the individual is on the Register that ASIC must keep under
section 1274AA.
853B When an individual is involved in an operator
For the purposes of this Division, an individual is involved in a
market licensee or a CS facility licensee, or an applicant for such a
licence, if:
(a) the individual is a director, secretary or senior manager of the
licensee or applicant, or in a holding company of the licensee
or applicant; or
(b) the individual has more than 15% of the total voting power in
the licensee or applicant, or in a holding company of the
licensee or applicant.
853C Declaration by ASIC
(1) ASIC may declare in writing that an individual who is involved in
a licensed financial market operator or licensed CS facility
operator, or in an applicant for a licence of either of those kinds, is
disqualified for the purposes of this Division.
(2) ASIC may make such a declaration only if ASIC is satisfied that,
because the individual is unfit to be involved in the licensee or
applicant, there is a risk that the licensee or applicant will breach
its obligations under this Chapter if the declaration is not made.
(3) In deciding whether an individual is unfit as mentioned in
subsection (2), ASIC must take into account such matters as the

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Section 853D

Corporations Act 2001 119 individual’s fame, character and integrity, rather than his or her
competence, experience, knowledge or other such attributes.
(4) A declaration may be expressed to remain in effect for a specified
period or until a specified event occurs. Otherwise, it remains in
effect indefinitely (unless it is revoked under section 853E).
853D Procedure for declaration
(1) ASIC must not make a declaration under section 853C unless it has
followed the procedure in this section.
(2) Within 42 days after:
(a) a body corporate applies for an Australian market licence or
an Australian CS facility licence; or
(b) ASIC receives other information that may be relevant to
deciding whether to make a declaration under section 853C
about an individual who is involved in an applicant for an
Australian market licence or an Australian CS facility
licence, or in an existing licensee;
ASIC may give the applicant or licensee written notice that ASIC
proposes to make a declaration under section 853C about the
individual in question.
(3) ASIC must give a copy of the notice to the individual and to the
Minister.
(4) The notice must:
(a) state the grounds on which ASIC proposes to make the
declaration; and
(b) require the applicant or licensee, and the individual, to show,
at a hearing before a specified person, why the declaration
should not be made; and
(c) specify a reasonable time and place at which the hearing is to
be held.
However, if the applicant or licensee, and the individual, consent,
the person conducting the hearing may fix a different time or place.
(5) The person conducting the hearing must:
(a) give the applicant or licensee, and the individual, an
opportunity to be heard at the hearing; and
(b) give ASIC:

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Part 7.4 Limits on involvement with licensees
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Section 853E

120 Corporations Act 2001 (i) a report about the hearing; and
(ii) a recommendation about the grounds in the notice on
which it is proposed to make the declaration.
(6) As soon as practicable after the hearing, ASIC must:
(a) decide whether to make the declaration; and
(b) give each of the following persons a copy of the declaration,
or a written notice of its decision not to make the declaration:
(i) the applicant or licensee;
(ii) the individual;
(iii) the Minister.
853E Revoking a declaration
(1) ASIC may, in writing, revoke a declaration under section 853C if it
is no longer satisfied as mentioned in subsection 853C(2) in
relation to the individual in question.
(2) ASIC must give a copy of the revocation to the relevant applicant
or licensee, the individual and the Minister.
853F Obligations on disqualified individuals
(1) A disqualified individual must not become involved in a market
licensee or a CS licensee.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) A disqualified individual who is involved in a market licensee or
CS licensee must take all reasonable steps to ensure that he or she
ceases to be involved in the licensee.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
853G Notification by ASIC
If ASIC becomes aware that an individual who is involved in a
market licensee or a CS facility licensee is disqualified because of
paragraph 853A(b) or (c), ASIC must notify the individual, the
licensee and the Minister as soon as practicable.

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Limits on involvement with licensees Part 7.4
Miscellaneous Division 3

Section 854A

Corporations Act 2001 121

Division 3—Miscellaneous
854A Record-keeping and giving of information
(1) The regulations may make provision for and in relation to requiring
a person:
(a) to keep and retain records that are relevant to whether a
person has voting power in a widely held market body and, if
so, how much; and
(b) to keep and retain records that are relevant to determining
whether any disqualified individual is involved in a market
licensee or a CS facility licensee; and
(c) to give the Minister or ASIC information that is relevant to
the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b); and
(d) to give a widely held market body information that is
relevant to the matter mentioned in paragraph (a).
(2) The regulations may provide that information given in accordance
with a requirement covered by paragraph (1)(c) or (d) must be
verified by statutory declaration.
(3) However, an individual is not required to give information in
accordance with a requirement covered by paragraph (1)(c) or (d)
if the information might tend to incriminate the individual or
expose the individual to a penalty.
(4) A person contravenes this section if:
(a) the person makes or keeps a record in compliance, or
purported compliance, with a requirement covered by
subsection (1); and
(b) the person does so knowing that the record:
(i) is false or misleading; or
(ii) omits any matter or thing without which the record is
misleading.
Note: A contravention of this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(5) Regulations made for the purposes of this section may make
provision for or in relation to a matter by conferring a power on the
Minister.

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Part 7.4 Limits on involvement with licensees
Division 3 Miscellaneous

Section 854B

122 Corporations Act 2001
854B Exemptions and modifications by regulations
(1) The regulations may:
(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified
provisions of this Part; or
(b) provide that this Part applies as if specified provisions were
omitted, modified or varied as specified in the regulations.
(3) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:
(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to
references in this Part; and
(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that
relate to provisions of this Part.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Compensation regimes for financial markets Part 7.5
Preliminary Division 1

Section 880A

Corporations Act 2001 123

Part 7.5—Compensation regimes for financial
markets
Division 1—Preliminary
880A Part does not apply to markets licensed under special
provisions about overseas markets
Nothing in this Part applies in relation to:
(a) a financial market the operation of which is licensed under
subsection 795B(2); or
(b) an application for the grant of a licence under that subsection.
880B Definitions
(1) In this Part:
adequate has a meaning affected by subsection (2).
borrowing includes obtaining credit.
compensation arrangements are arrangements that consist of:
(a) a set of rules about compensation; and
(b) a source of funds from which compensation is payable; and
(c) associated administrative and monitoring arrangements.
compensation rules means rules referred to in paragraph (a) of the
definition of compensation arrangements.
Division 3 arrangements means compensation arrangements
approved under Division 3.
Division 3 loss means a loss described in section 885C, other than
a loss that section 885D provides is to be taken not to be a
Division 3 loss.
Division 4 arrangements means the arrangements constituted by
Division 4.
fidelity fund, in relation to a financial market, means a fund
consisting principally of contributions made by:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 1 Preliminary

Section 880B

124 Corporations Act 2001 (a) participants and past participants in the market; or
(b) participants and past participants in:
(i) the market; and
(ii) one or more other financial markets;
the purpose, or the main purpose, of which is to provide a source of
funds for the payment of compensation to clients of participants.
Any investments made using money in the fund are taken to form
part of the fund.
NGF means the National Guarantee Fund that continues in
existence under section 889A.
operating rules, in relation to the SEGC, means the rules referred
to in section 890D.
Part 7.5 arrangements means Division 3 arrangements or
Division 4 arrangements.
pay compensation includes provide compensation in a form other
than money.
SEGC means the body corporate in relation to which a nomination
as the Securities Exchanges Guarantee Corporation is in force
under section 890A.
(2) For the purposes of this Part, the question whether proposed
compensation arrangements, compensation arrangements as
proposed to be changed, or compensation arrangements that have
been approved, are adequate is to be determined in accordance
with Subdivision D of Division 3.

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Compensation regimes for financial markets Part 7.5
When there must be a compensation regime Division 2

Section 881A

Corporations Act 2001 125

Division 2—When there must be a compensation regime
881A Licensed markets through which participants provide services
for retail clients must generally have a compensation
regime
(1) If:
(a) any of the participants in a licensed market, in effecting
transactions through the market, provide financial services
for persons as retail clients; and
(b) in connection with the provision of those financial services,
those persons will or may give money or other property, or
authority over property, to those participants; and
(c) the market is not a financial market to which Division 4
applies;
there must be compensation arrangements in relation to the market
that are approved in accordance with Division 3.
(2) The compensation regime applicable in relation to financial
markets to which Division 4 applies is as constituted by that
Division.
881B Additional requirements for the licence application
(1) A person who is applying for an Australian market licence must
state in their application:
(a) whether any of the participants in the market, in effecting
transactions through the market, will provide financial
services for persons as retail clients; and
(b) if any participants will so provide financial services to
persons as retail clients—whether, in connection with the
provision of those financial services, those persons will or
may give money or other property, or authority over
property, to those participants.
(2) If:
(a) participants in the market will provide financial services to
persons as retail clients as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a); and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 2 When there must be a compensation regime

Section 881C

126 Corporations Act 2001 (b) in connection with the provision of those financial services,
those persons will or may give money or property, or
authority over property, to those participants;
the application must:
(c) contain the information, in relation to the proposed
compensation arrangements, required by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph and be accompanied by a
copy of the proposed compensation rules; or
(d) state that the market is or will be covered by Division 4, and
set out evidence, in accordance with the requirements (if any)
of the regulations, in support of that statement.
881C What happens if an application contains information in
accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(c)
If a licence application contains information in relation to proposed
compensation arrangements as required by paragraph 881B(2)(c),
the Minister must deal with the application in accordance with
section 882A.
881D What happens if an application contains a statement in
accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(d)
(1) If a licence application contains a statement in accordance with
paragraph 881B(2)(d), the Minister must consider whether he or
she is satisfied that the market will be covered by Division 4.
(2) If the Minister is not so satisfied, the application for the licence
must be rejected.
(3) If the Minister is so satisfied, the Minister may (subject to the other
provisions about granting licences) grant the licence.
Note: The other provisions about granting licences are in Subdivision A of
Division 4 of Part 7.2.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Compensation regimes for financial markets Part 7.5
Approved compensation arrangements Division 3

Section 882A

Corporations Act 2001 127

Division 3—Approved compensation arrangements
Subdivision A—Approval of compensation arrangements
882A How to get compensation arrangements approved with grant
of licence
(1) If an application for an Australian market licence contains
information in relation to proposed compensation arrangements in
accordance with paragraph 881B(2)(c), the Minister must treat the
application as also being an application for approval of the
compensation arrangements and, for that purpose, must consider
whether the proposed arrangements are adequate.
(2) If the Minister does not consider that the proposed compensation
arrangements are adequate, the application for the licence must be
rejected.
(3) If the Minister considers that the proposed compensation
arrangements are adequate, the Minister may (subject to the other
provisions about granting licences) grant the licence. On the
granting of the licence, the Minister is taken to have approved the
compensation arrangements.
Note: The other provisions about granting licences are in Subdivision A of
Division 4 of Part 7.2.
(4) In the conditions of the licence, the Minister must:
(a) deal with the minimum amount of cover required in relation
to the compensation arrangements in such manner as the
Minister thinks appropriate; and
(b) identify the source of funds available to cover claims, on the
basis of which the Minister approves the arrangements (see
section 885H).
882B How to get compensation arrangements approved after licence
is granted
(1) If the operator of a licensed market wants to have compensation
arrangements for the market approved after the licence has been
granted, the operator must apply for approval in accordance with
this section.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 3 Approved compensation arrangements

Section 882C

128 Corporations Act 2001 (2) The application must:
(a) contain the information, in relation to the proposed
compensation arrangements, required by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph and be accompanied by a
copy of the proposed compensation rules; and
(b) be made to the Minister by lodging the application with
ASIC.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(3) If the Minister does not consider that the proposed compensation
arrangements are adequate, the application for approval must be
rejected.
(4) If the Minister considers that the proposed compensation
arrangements are adequate, the Minister must:
(a) approve the compensation arrangements in writing; and
(b) vary the conditions of the operator’s licence so as to:
(i) deal with the minimum amount of cover required in
relation to the compensation arrangements in such
manner as the Minister thinks appropriate; and
(ii) identify the source of funds available to cover claims,
on the basis of which the Minister approves the
arrangements (see section 885H).
(5) In varying licence conditions as mentioned in paragraph (4)(b), the
Minister must proceed under section 796A as though the licensee
had applied for the variation to be made.
882C Revocation of approval
The Minister may at any time revoke an approval of compensation
arrangements if the Minister considers that the arrangements are
not adequate.
882D Minister’s power to give directions
(1) If the Minister considers that a market licensee’s approved
compensation arrangements are no longer adequate, the Minister
may give the licensee a written direction to do specified things that
the Minister believes will ensure that the arrangements become
adequate once more.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Compensation regimes for financial markets Part 7.5
Approved compensation arrangements Division 3

Section 883A

Corporations Act 2001 129 (2) The licensee must comply with the direction.
(3) If the licensee fails to comply with the direction, ASIC may apply
to the Court for, and the Court may make, an order that the licensee
comply with the direction.
(4) The Minister may vary or revoke a direction at any time by giving
written notice to the licensee.
Subdivision B—Effect of compensation rules forming part of
Division 3 arrangements
883A Legal effect of compensation rules
Compensation rules forming part of Division 3 arrangements for a
financial market have effect as a contract under seal between the
operator of the market and each participant in the market under
which each of those persons agrees to observe the rules to the
extent that they apply to the person and engage in conduct that the
person is required by the rules to engage in.
883B Enforcement of compensation rules
(1) If a person who is under an obligation to comply with or enforce
any of the compensation rules forming part of Division 3
arrangements for a financial market fails to meet that obligation, an
application to the Court may be made by:
(a) ASIC; or
(b) the operator of the market; or
(c) the operator of a clearing and settlement facility, if:
(i) there are clearing and settlement arrangements (as
defined in section 790A) for some or all transactions
effected through the market; and
(ii) those arrangements are with the operator of the facility;
or
(d) a person aggrieved by the failure.
(2) After giving an opportunity to be heard to the applicant and the
person against whom the order is sought, the Court may make an
order giving directions to:
(a) the person against whom the order is sought; or

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Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 3 Approved compensation arrangements

Section 883C

130 Corporations Act 2001 (b) if that person is a body corporate—the directors of the body
corporate;
about compliance with, or enforcement of, the compensation rules.
(3) For the purposes of this section, if the operator of the market fails
to comply with or enforce provisions of the compensation rules, a
person who is, under the rules, entitled to make a claim for
compensation is (whether or not they have actually made a claim)
taken to be a person aggrieved by the failure.
(4) There may be other circumstances in which a person may be
aggrieved by a failure for the purposes of this section.
883C Other sources of funds for compensation
Nothing in this Division makes the operator of a financial market
liable to pay compensation from any source of funds other than the
source identified in the licence conditions under paragraph
882A(4)(b) or subparagraph 882B(4)(b)(ii).
883D Payment of levies
(1) This section applies if, under the compensation rules forming part
of Division 3 arrangements for a particular financial market, a levy
is payable by all or some of the participants in the market in order
to ensure that adequate funds are available for the purposes of the
arrangements.
(2) The levy is payable to the operator of the market, as agent for the
Commonwealth, by each of the participants affected.
Note: For the imposition and amount of the levy, see the Corporations
(Compensation Arrangements Levies) Act 2001.
(3) An amount of levy payable under subsection (2) must be paid
within the time and in the manner specified by the operator either
generally or in relation to a particular case.
(4) Whenever an amount of levy (the levy amount) is paid under this
section, or under section 6 of the Corporations (Compensation
Arrangements Levies) Act 2001, to the operator of a market as
agent for the Commonwealth:
(a) the operator must pay an amount equal to the levy amount to
the Commonwealth; and

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Section 884A

Corporations Act 2001 131 (b) the Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated by that
amount for the purpose of payment to the operator; and
(c) the Commonwealth must pay the amount so appropriated to
the operator; and
(d) the operator must deal with the amount it receives under
paragraph (c) in accordance with the compensation rules.
(5) A payment of an amount to the operator of a market as required by
paragraph (4)(c) in respect of a particular levy amount is subject to
a condition that, if the Commonwealth becomes liable to refund the
whole or a part of the levy amount, the operator must pay the
Commonwealth an amount equal to the amount that the
Commonwealth is liable to refund.
(6) The Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 does not
apply in relation to the payment of an amount of levy under this
section to the operator of a market as agent for the Commonwealth.
However, the operation of that Act in relation to the following
payments is not affected:
(a) the payment of an amount to the Commonwealth as required
by paragraph (4)(a); or
(b) the payment of an amount by the Commonwealth as required
by paragraph (4)(c).
The operator must, in accordance with the regulations, notify the
Commonwealth of payments of levy it receives as agent for the
Commonwealth.
(7) An amount payable by an operator as required by paragraph (4)(a)
may be set off against an amount payable to the operator as
required by paragraph (4)(c).
Subdivision C—Changing Division 3 arrangements
884A Division 3 arrangements must generally only be changed in
accordance with this Subdivision
(1) The operator of a financial market in relation to which there are
Division 3 arrangements must not change those arrangements
except in accordance with this Subdivision.
(2) However, a change may be made to Division 3 arrangements
otherwise than in accordance with this Subdivision if:

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Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 3 Approved compensation arrangements

Section 884B

132 Corporations Act 2001 (a) the change is not to a matter required by section 885B to be
dealt with in the compensation rules; and
(b) the change is merely a minor administrative change.
884B Changing Division 3 arrangements—matters required to be
dealt with in the compensation rules
(1) If the proposed change is to a matter required by section 885B to
be dealt with in the compensation rules, the change may only be
made by changing the rules.
(2) As soon as practicable after the change is made, the operator must
lodge with ASIC written notice of the change.
(3) The notice must:
(a) set out the text of the change; and
(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and
(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.
(4) If no notice is lodged with ASIC within 21 days after the change is
made, the change ceases to have effect.
(5) As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under
subsection (2), ASIC must send a copy of the notice to the
Minister.
(6) Within 28 days after receiving the copy of the notice, the Minister
may disallow all or a specified part of the change to the
compensation rules.
(7) The Minister must not disallow all or part of the change unless the
Minister considers that, because of the change, or that part of the
change, the compensation arrangements are not adequate.
(8) As soon as practicable after all or part of a change is disallowed,
ASIC must give notice of the disallowance to the operator of the
market concerned. The change ceases to have effect, to the extent
of the disallowance, when the operator receives the notice.
884C Changing Division 3 arrangements—matters not required to
be dealt with in the compensation rules
(1) If:

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Section 884C

Corporations Act 2001 133 (a) the proposed change is to a matter that is not required by
section 885B to be dealt with in the compensation rules
(including a matter that is dealt with in the compensation
rules even though it is not required to be dealt with in those
rules); and
(b) the change is not merely a minor administrative change;
the operator must not make the change unless:
(c) the operator has applied for approval of the change; and
(d) the change has been approved by the Minister.
(2) The application for approval must:
(a) include the information, required by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph, in relation to the proposed
change; and
(b) be made to the Minister by lodging the application with
ASIC.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(3) If the Minister does not consider that the compensation
arrangements as proposed to be changed are adequate, the
application for approval must be rejected.
(4) If the Minister considers that the compensation arrangements as
proposed to be changed are adequate, the Minister must approve
the change.
(5) If:
(a) the proposed change is to a matter that is dealt with in the
compensation rules even though it is not required to be dealt
with in those rules; and
(b) the change is approved;
the operator may make any change to the compensation rules that
is necessary to give effect to the change that has been approved or
that is incidental to giving effect to that change.
(6) If a change to the compensation rules is made as permitted by
subsection (5), the operator must, as soon as practicable after the
change is made, give ASIC written notice of the change.
(7) A notice required by subsection (6) must:
(a) set out the text of the change; and
(b) specify the date on which it was made; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 3 Approved compensation arrangements

Section 885A

134 Corporations Act 2001 (c) contain an explanation of why it is a change that is permitted
to be made by subsection (5).
Subdivision D—Are compensation arrangements adequate?
885A Purpose of this Subdivision
(1) This Subdivision applies for the purpose of determining, for the
purposes of a provision of this Division:
(a) whether:
(i) proposed compensation arrangements are adequate; or
(ii) compensation arrangements as proposed to be changed
are adequate; or
(b) whether compensation arrangements that have been approved
are adequate.
(2) A reference in this Subdivision to the arrangements is a reference
to the proposed arrangements, the arrangements as proposed to be
changed, or the arrangements that have been approved, as the case
requires.
(3) A reference in this Subdivision to the compensation rules is a
reference to the compensation rules, or the proposed compensation
rules, forming part of the arrangements under consideration.
885B Requirements to be complied with for arrangements to be
adequate
(1) The arrangements are adequate if, and only if, the Minister is
satisfied that:
(a) the compensation rules provide adequate coverage for
Division 3 losses (see sections 885C and 885D); and
(b) the compensation rules provide for adequate compensation to
be paid in respect of Division 3 losses (see section 885E);
and
(c) the compensation rules deal adequately with how
compensation in respect of Division 3 losses is to be paid
(see section 885F); and
(d) the compensation rules deal adequately with the making and
determination of claims in respect of Division 3 losses, and

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Section 885C

Corporations Act 2001 135 with the notification of the outcome of such claims (see
section 885G); and
(e) the arrangements provide for an adequate source of funds for
paying compensation in respect of Division 3 losses and in
respect of any other losses covered by the arrangements (see
section 885H); and
(f) the arrangements include adequate arrangements for
administration and monitoring (see section 885I); and
(g) under the arrangements, potential claimants have reasonable
and timely access to the compensation regime; and
(h) if the licensee ceases (for whatever reason) to be required to
have Division 3 arrangements, the rights of people to seek
compensation under the arrangements, being rights that
accrued while the licensee was required to have such
arrangements, will be adequately protected.
(2) In considering the matters mentioned in subsection (1), the
Minister must also have regard to the matters mentioned in
section 885J.
(3) The matters that may be dealt with in compensation rules are not
limited to matters mentioned in this section.
885C The losses to be covered
(1) Subject to section 885D, the compensation rules must cover losses
(Division 3 losses) of a kind described in the following paragraphs:
(a) a person (the client) gave money or other property, or
authority over property, to a person (the participant):
(i) who was a participant in the market at that time; or
(ii) who the client reasonably believed to be a participant in
the market at that time and who was a participant in the
market at some earlier time; and
(b) the money or other property, or the authority, was given to
the participant in connection with effecting a transaction, or
proposed transaction, covered by provisions of the operating
rules of the market relating to transactions effected through
the market; and
(c) the effecting of the transaction through the market constitutes
or would constitute the provision of a financial service to the
client as a retail client; and

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Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 3 Approved compensation arrangements

Section 885D

136 Corporations Act 2001 (d) the client suffers a loss because of:
(i) if the client gave the participant money or other
property—the defalcation or fraudulent misuse of the
money or other property by the participant; or
(ii) if the client gave the participant authority over
property—the fraudulent misuse of that authority by the
participant.
(2) The compensation rules must provide that a claim relating to an
alleged loss caused by defalcation or fraudulent misuse may be
allowed even if:
(a) the person against whom the defalcation or misuse is alleged
has not been convicted or prosecuted; and
(b) the evidence on which the claim is allowed would not be
sufficient to establish the guilt of that person on a criminal
trial in respect of the defalcation or fraudulent misuse.
(3) The compensation rules may exclude losses of a kind described
above that occur in specified situations. However, the
compensation arrangements will not be adequate unless the
Minister is satisfied that those exclusions are appropriate.
885D Certain losses that are not Division 3 losses
(1) If, in relation to a loss suffered by a person:
(a) the requirements of subsection 885C(1) are satisfied in
relation to a participant and 2 or more financial markets; and
(b) the person did not (expressly or impliedly) instruct the
participant to use a particular one of those markets; and
(c) it is not reasonably apparent from the usual business practice
of the participant which of those markets the participant
would use when acting for the person;
the loss is taken not to be a Division 3 loss.
(2) If, in relation to a loss suffered by a person:
(a) the requirements of subsection 885C(1) are satisfied in
relation to a participant and a financial market; and
(b) the loss is also connected (see section 888A) with a financial
market to which Division 4 applies; and
(c) the person did not (expressly or impliedly) instruct the
participant to use a particular one of those markets; and

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Section 885E

Corporations Act 2001 137 (d) it is not reasonably apparent from the usual business practice
of the participant which of those markets the participant
would use when acting for the person;
the loss is taken not to be a Division 3 loss.
(3) If, in relation to a loss suffered by a person:
(a) the transaction referred to in paragraph 885C(1)(b) could
have been effected otherwise than through a financial market;
and
(b) the person did not (expressly or impliedly) instruct the
participant concerned to effect the transaction through a
financial market; and
(c) it is not reasonably apparent from the usual business practice
of the participant that the transaction would be effected
through a financial market;
the loss is taken not to be a Division 3 loss.
885E The amount of compensation
(1) Subject to this section, the compensation rules must provide that
the amount of compensation to be paid in respect of a Division 3
loss is to be not less than the sum of:
(a) the actual pecuniary loss suffered by the claimant, calculated
by reference to the market value of any relevant assets or
liabilities as at the date on which the loss was suffered; and
(b) the claimant’s reasonable costs of, and disbursements
incidental to, the making and proof of the claim.
(2) The compensation rules may provide for the amount of
compensation payable in respect of a Division 3 loss to be reduced
by reference to a right of set-off available to the claimant.
(3) The compensation rules may impose an upper limit on the amount
of compensation to which a person is entitled in respect of a claim
in particular circumstances, or an upper limit on the total amount of
compensation to which persons are entitled in respect of claims
referable to a particular event or circumstance.
(4) That upper limit may be specified in the compensation rules or
determined by a method specified in the rules.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 3 Approved compensation arrangements

Section 885F

138 Corporations Act 2001 (5) The compensation rules must also provide for the payment to the
claimant of interest at the rate applicable under the regulations on
the amount of the actual pecuniary loss, or so much of that loss as
from time to time has not been compensated by an instalment or
instalments of compensation, in respect of the period starting on
the day when the loss was suffered and ending on the day when the
compensation, or the last instalment of compensation, is paid.
(6) The compensation rules may provide for what is to happen if there
are insufficient funds to meet claims in respect of Division 3 losses
and in respect of any other losses covered by the arrangements. For
example, they may provide for the prioritisation of claims, or the
apportionment of available funds between claims.
(7) In other provisions of this Division a reference to compensation in
respect of a Division 3 loss includes (unless the contrary intention
appears) a reference to interest referred to in subsection (5).
885F Method of payment of compensation
(1) The compensation rules must deal with how compensation in
respect of Division 3 losses is to be paid.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the compensation rules may
provide for compensation to be paid in a lump sum or by
instalments.
885G Making and determination of claims
(1) The compensation rules must provide for how claims in respect of
Division 3 losses are to be made and determined, and for how
claimants are notified of the outcome of their claims.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the compensation rules may:
(a) require a person making a claim to pay money, or transfer
other property, in support of a claim; and
(b) provide for claims to be disallowed unless persons exercise
rights of set-off; and
(c) set time limits for the making of claims; and
(d) provide for claims to be partially allowed (including, for
example, in a case where the operator considers that the
claimant’s conduct contributed to the loss).

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Section 885H

Corporations Act 2001 139
885H The source of funds—general
There must be an adequate source of funds available to cover
claims made under the compensation arrangements in respect of
Division 3 losses and in respect of any other losses covered by the
arrangements.
Note 1: For example, the source of funds may consist of:
(a) a fidelity fund; or
(b) insurance arrangements; or
(c) an irrevocable letter of credit.
Note 2: The source of funds does not have to consist of a single thing. It may
consist of a combination of different things.
885I Administration and monitoring
(1) The arrangements must include arrangements for:
(a) the administration of the compensation arrangements; and
(b) monitoring compliance with the compensation arrangements
and reporting breaches of the arrangements to the board of
the operator of the market; and
(c) monitoring the adequacy of the arrangements and reporting
to the board of the operator of the market on the need for, or
desirability of, changes to the compensation arrangements.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the arrangements may give
responsibilities to:
(a) the operator of the market, or a related company, or a director
or employee of the operator or a related company; or
(b) a committee; or
(c) another person acting under an arrangement with the
operator.
(3) The people who may be members of a committee referred to in
paragraph (2)(b) include, but are not limited to:
(a) participants in the market, or representatives of such
participants; and
(b) members of the board of the operator of the market.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 3 Approved compensation arrangements

Section 885J

140 Corporations Act 2001
885J The losses to be covered—other matters to be taken into
account
(1) In considering whether the arrangements are adequate, the Minister
must also have regard to:
(a) the services provided by the market and by the participants in
the market; and
(b) any risk assessment report in relation to the market given to
the Minister under section 892K.
(2) The Minister may take into account such other matters as the
Minister thinks appropriate.
Subdivision E—Other provisions about Division 3
arrangements
886A Only one claim in respect of the same loss
If:
(a) a claim by a person for compensation in respect of a
particular Division 3 loss suffered by the person has been
allowed under Division 3 arrangements; and
(b) the person makes or has made another claim under those
Division 3 arrangements, or under other Division 3
arrangements, in respect of the same loss;
that other claim must not be allowed.
886B Regulations relating to fidelity funds
The regulations may include provisions relating to how a fidelity
fund, or part of a fidelity fund, is to be dealt with if:
(a) the operator of a financial market becomes insolvent, within
the meaning of the regulations; or
(b) a financial market merges with another financial market; or
(c) a financial market ceases to operate (otherwise than because
of a merger), or ceases to be required by subsection 881A(1)
to have approved compensation arrangements.

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NGF Compensation regime Division 4

Section 887A

Corporations Act 2001 141

Division 4—NGF Compensation regime
Subdivision A—Application of Division
887A Markets to which this Division applies
This Division applies to a financial market that is operated by:
(a) a body corporate that is a member of the SEGC; or
(b) a body corporate that is a subsidiary of such a member;
other than any such market that the regulations state is not covered
by this Division.
Subdivision B—Claims for and payment of compensation
888A The situations in which compensation may be claimed
(1) The situations in which compensation may be claimed in respect of
a loss that is connected with a financial market to which this
Division applies are as specified in the regulations.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), a loss is connected with a financial
market if it is caused by a participant, or past participant, in the
market.
888B Kinds of compensation available
The regulations may provide that compensation under this Division
is to take the form of a payment of money or some other form (for
example, a transfer of financial products).
888C Amount of compensation payable
(1) The amount of compensation (including the value of any
non-monetary compensation) to which a person is entitled in
respect of a claim that is allowed is to be as determined in
accordance with the regulations.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the regulations may do all or any
of the following:

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Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 4 NGF Compensation regime

Section 888D

142 Corporations Act 2001 (a) provide for the amount of compensation to be determined by
agreement with the claimant, or by arbitration if agreement
cannot be reached; and
(b) provide for the payment of interest on the amount of the
claimant’s loss; and
(c) provide for the amount of compensation to be reduced by
reference to a right of set-off available to the claimant or by
reference to the extent to which the claimant was responsible
for causing the loss; and
(d) impose an upper limit on the amount of compensation to
which a person is entitled in respect of a claim in particular
circumstances, or an upper limit on the total amount of
compensation to which persons are entitled in respect of
claims referable to a particular event or circumstance.
(3) An upper limit referred to in paragraph (2)(d) may be specified in
the regulations or determined by a method specified in the
regulations.
(4) The regulations may also provide for a claimant to be paid an
amount in respect of the claimant’s reasonable costs of, and
disbursements incidental to, the making and proof of the claim
(whether or not the claim is allowed in whole or in part).
(5) The regulations may also provide for a claimant to be paid an
amount in respect of the claimant’s reasonable costs of, and
disbursements incidental to, attempting to recover the loss
(whether or not the claim is allowed in whole or in part).
888D Payment of compensation
(1) The regulations may provide for the compensation to be paid in a
lump sum or by instalments.
(2) The regulations may make other provisions in relation to how
compensation is to be paid.
888E Making and determination of claims
(1) Claims are to be made and determined in accordance with:
(a) the regulations; and
(b) any relevant provisions of the SEGC’s operating rules.

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Section 888F

Corporations Act 2001 143 (2) Without limiting subsection (1), the regulations, or the SEGC’s
operating rules, may do all or any of the following:
(a) require a person making a claim to pay money, or transfer
other property, to the SEGC in support of a claim;
(b) provide for claims to be disallowed unless persons exercise
rights of set-off;
(c) set time limits for the making of claims;
(d) provide for claims to be partially allowed (including, for
example, in a case where the SEGC considers that the
claimant’s conduct contributed to the loss).
(3) The regulations, or the SEGC’s operating rules, may impose other
requirements to be complied with by the SEGC in relation to
claims (including, for example, requirements to notify claimants
whether their claims have been allowed).
(4) If a provision of the SEGC’s operating rules is wholly or partly
inconsistent with regulations made for the purposes of this section,
the provision of the SEGC’s operating rules is, to the extent of the
inconsistency, of no effect.
888F The SEGC has power to determine claims
The SEGC has power to determine claims in accordance with this
Division.
888G Allowing a claim does not constitute an admission of any other
liability
If the SEGC allows a claim, neither the allowance of the claim, nor
any other act done by SEGC as a result of allowing the claim,
constitutes an admission (by anyone) of any liability, other than the
liability to provide compensation in respect of the claim in
accordance with this Division.
888H Claimant may apply to Court if claim disallowed
(1) If the SEGC has disallowed a claim, the claimant may bring
proceedings in the Court to establish the claim. The proceedings
must be brought within 3 months of notice of the disallowance of
the claim.

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Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 4 NGF Compensation regime

Section 888I

144 Corporations Act 2001 (2) If the SEGC has neither allowed nor disallowed a claim within a
reasonable period after it was made, the claimant may bring
proceedings in the Court to establish the claim.
(3) If, in proceedings under subsection (1) or (2), the Court is satisfied
that the claim should be allowed, the Court:
(a) must, by order, make a declaration accordingly and direct the
SEGC to allow the claim and deal with it in accordance with
this Division; and
(b) may, at any time after the order is made, on application made
(whether before or after the order is made) by the claimant or
the SEGC, give such directions relating to the claim as the
Court thinks just and reasonable.
(4) In proceedings to establish a claim, all questions of costs are in the
discretion of the Court.
888I Non-NGF property of the SEGC not available to meet claims
Money or other property of the SEGC that is not part of the NGF is
not available to be applied in respect of a claim that has been
allowed by the SEGC, whether or not under an order of the Court.
888J The SEGC may enter into contracts of insurance or indemnity
(1) The SEGC may enter into a contract with a person (the insurer)
carrying on a fidelity insurance business under which the SEGC
will be insured or indemnified against liability in respect of claims
to the extent and in the manner provided by the contract.
(2) The contract may relate to all claims or only to certain claims as
specified in the contract. The contract may, for example, exclude
claims relating to the conduct of a particular financial services
licensee.
(3) The following persons each have qualified privilege in respect of
the publication of a statement that the contract does not apply with
respect to claims relating to the conduct of a particular financial
services licensee:
(a) the SEGC and the members of its board;
(b) any body corporate that is a member of the SEGC;
(c) any subsidiary of such a member;

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Section 888K

Corporations Act 2001 145 (d) any employee of a body covered by paragraph (a), (b) or (c).
(4) A person who has made a claim does not have a right of action
against the insurer in respect of the contract or a right or claim in
respect of money paid by the insurer in accordance with the
contract.
888K NGF may be used to acquire financial products to be
transferred as compensation
The SEGC may pay money out of the NGF to acquire financial
products for the purpose of providing compensation (in accordance
with the regulations) that takes the form of a transfer of financial
products.
Subdivision C—The NGF
889A Continuation of the National Guarantee Fund
The National Guarantee Fund that continued to exist under
section 928B of this Act before the repeal of that section by the
Financial Services Reform Act 2001 continues in existence as the
National Guarantee Fund for the purposes of this Part.
889B Compensation to be provided out of the NGF
Compensation payable under this Division is to be paid out of the
NGF.
889C The SEGC to keep the NGF
(1) The SEGC must keep and administer the NGF.
(2) The assets of the NGF are the property of SEGC, but must be kept
separate from all other property and must be held on trust by the
SEGC for the purposes of this Division.
889D What the NGF consists of
The NGF consists of:
(a) money and other property constituting the NGF before the
commencement of this Chapter; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 4 NGF Compensation regime

Section 889E

146 Corporations Act 2001 (b) money paid into the NGF in accordance with section 889J or
889K; and
(c) money paid to the SEGC in accordance with regulations
referred to in section 888E in support of a claim; and
(d) money paid to the SEGC under a contract of insurance or
indemnity referred to in section 888J; and
(e) money paid into the NGF under subsection 889F(2); and
(f) the interest and profits from time to time accruing from the
investment of the NGF; and
(g) money recovered by or on behalf of the SEGC in the exercise
of a right of action that the SEGC has by virtue of a provision
of this Part; and
(h) money and other property paid or transferred to the SEGC for
inclusion in the NGF in accordance with regulations referred
to in section 891B; and
(i) all other money and other property lawfully paid into, or
forming part of, the NGF.
889E Power to borrow etc. for purposes of the NGF
(1) If the SEGC considers that, in the interests of the sound financial
management of the NGF, money should be borrowed for the
purpose of meeting a payment due out of the NGF, the SEGC may
borrow money for that purpose on such terms and conditions as the
SEGC thinks appropriate.
(2) The SEGC may give security, including over the assets of the
NGF, in respect of the SEGC’s obligations in relation to a
borrowing under subsection (1).
(3) If:
(a) money borrowed under subsection (1) is a loan from a body
corporate that is a member of the SEGC; and
(b) the body corporate borrowed money for the purpose of
making the loan to the SEGC;
the SEGC may give security, including over the assets of the NGF,
in relation to the body corporate’s obligations in respect of the
borrowing referred to in paragraph (b).

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NGF Compensation regime Division 4

Section 889F

Corporations Act 2001 147
889F Money borrowed and paid to the SEGC
(1) This section applies if money borrowed by the SEGC under
subsection 889E(1) is paid to the SEGC.
(2) The SEGC must pay the money into the NGF.
(3) If:
(a) the money was borrowed for the purpose of meeting a
payment due out of the NGF; and
(b) the borrowed money has been paid into the NGF; and
(c) the payment due out of the NGF has not yet been made;
then, for the purposes of section 889J, the amount in the NGF is
taken to be reduced by the amount of the borrowed money.
889G Money borrowed and not paid to the SEGC
(1) This section applies if money borrowed by the SEGC under
subsection 889E(1) is not paid to the SEGC but is payable to other
persons at the direction of the SEGC.
(2) The SEGC must not direct that any of the money be paid to a
person unless the payment is of a kind that can, under
section 889H, be made out of the NGF.
889H Payments out of the NGF
Subject to regulations made for the purposes of this section, the
following are to be paid out of the NGF, in such order as the SEGC
considers appropriate:
(a) amounts, including costs, disbursements and interest, that any
provision of this Part requires to be paid in connection with
claims;
(b) all legal and other expenses incurred:
(i) in investigating or defending claims; or
(ii) in relation to the NGF; or
(iii) in the exercise by the SEGC of the rights and powers
vested in it by any provision of this Part in relation to
the NGF;
(c) money payable out of the NGF under regulations referred to
in subsection 892G(2);

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 4 NGF Compensation regime

Section 889I

148 Corporations Act 2001 (d) amounts to be paid to acquire financial products as
mentioned in section 888K;
(e) premiums payable in respect of contracts of insurance or
indemnity entered into by the SEGC under section 888J;
(f) payments of principal, interest and other amounts payable by
the SEGC in respect of money borrowed, and security given,
under section 889E;
(g) the expenses incurred in the administration of the NGF,
including the salaries and wages of persons employed by the
SEGC in relation to the NGF;
(h) amounts to be paid to a body corporate in accordance with a
direction of the Minister under section 891A;
(i) any other money payable out of the NGF in accordance with
a provision of this Part.
889I Minimum amount of the NGF
(1) The minimum amount in relation to the NGF is:
(a) unless paragraph (b) applies—$80,000,000; or
(b) if a determination is in force under subsection (2)—the
amount specified in the determination.
(2) The SEGC may, in writing, determine an amount (whether greater
than, or less than, $80,000,000) to be the minimum amount in
relation to the NGF. The determination does not come into force
until it has been approved by the Minister.
(3) The SEGC must publish in the Gazette notice of a determination
that has come into force under subsection (2). The notice must
specify the date when the determination came into force.
(4) If the amount in the NGF falls below the minimum amount, the
SEGC must consider what action needs to be taken.
889J Levy by the SEGC
(1) If the amount in the NGF is less than the minimum amount
applicable under section 889I, the SEGC may determine in writing
that:
(a) the operators of all, or a class, of the financial markets to
which this Division applies; or
(b) all, or a class, of the participants in any of these markets;

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Compensation regimes for financial markets Part 7.5
NGF Compensation regime Division 4

Section 889J

Corporations Act 2001 149 must pay a levy to the SEGC.
(2) The levy is payable to the SEGC, as agent for the Commonwealth,
in accordance with this section.
Note: For the imposition and amount of the levy, see the Corporations
(National Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001.
(3) A levy payable under this section must be paid within the period
and in the manner determined in writing by the SEGC.
(4) Whenever an amount of levy (the levy amount) is paid under this
section, or under subsection 6(2) of the Corporations (National
Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001, to the SEGC as agent for the
Commonwealth:
(a) the SEGC must pay an amount equal to the levy amount to
the Commonwealth; and
(b) the Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated by that
amount for the purpose of payment to the SEGC; and
(c) the Commonwealth must pay the amount so appropriated to
the SEGC; and
(d) the SEGC must pay the amount it receives under
paragraph (c) into the NGF.
(5) Whenever an amount of levy (the levy amount) is paid under
subsection 6(1) of the Corporations (National Guarantee Fund
Levies) Act 2001, to the operator of a financial market as agent for
the Commonwealth:
(a) the operator must pay an amount equal to the levy amount to
the SEGC; and
(b) the SEGC must pay an amount equal to the amount so paid to
it to the Commonwealth; and
(c) the Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated by that
amount for the purpose of payment to the SEGC; and
(d) the Commonwealth must pay the amount so appropriated to
the SEGC; and
(e) the SEGC must pay the amount it receives under
paragraph (d) into the NGF.
(6) A payment of an amount to the SEGC as required by
paragraph (4)(c) or (5)(d) in respect of a particular levy amount is
subject to a condition that, if the Commonwealth becomes liable to
refund the whole or a part of the levy amount, the SEGC must pay

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 4 NGF Compensation regime

Section 889K

150 Corporations Act 2001 the Commonwealth an amount equal to the amount that the
Commonwealth is liable to refund. The SEGC may pay, out of the
NGF, any amount so required to be paid to the Commonwealth.
(7) The Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 does not
apply in relation to the payment of an amount of levy under this
section to the SEGC, or the operator of a financial products market,
as agent for the Commonwealth. However, the operation of that
Act in relation to the following payments is not affected:
(a) the payment of an amount to the Commonwealth as required
by paragraph (4)(a) or (5)(b); or
(b) the payment of an amount by the Commonwealth as required
by paragraph (4)(c) or (5)(d).
The SEGC must, in accordance with the regulations, notify the
Commonwealth of payments of levy it receives as agent for the
Commonwealth, and the operator of a financial market must, in
accordance with the regulations, notify the Commonwealth of
payments it receives as agent for the Commonwealth as mentioned
in paragraph (5)(a).
(8) An amount payable by the SEGC as required by paragraph (4)(a)
may be set off against an amount payable to the SEGC as required
by paragraph (4)(c), and an amount payable by the SEGC as
required by paragraph (5)(b) may be set off against an amount
payable to the SEGC as required by paragraph (5)(d).
889K Levy by market operator
(1) An operator of a financial market who must pay an amount of levy
(the primary levy amount) under section 889J may determine in
writing that participants in the market must pay a levy (the
contributory levy). The determination must be such that the total of
the amounts of contributory levy payable by the participants does
not exceed the primary levy amount. The contributory levy is
payable to the operator as agent for the Commonwealth.
Note: For the imposition and amount of the levy, see the Corporations
(National Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001.
(2) If a determination is made under subsection (1), the contributory
levy is payable by each participant in the market who, when the
determination is made, is in a class of participants in the market
determined in writing by the operator for the purposes of the levy.

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NGF Compensation regime Division 4

Section 889K

Corporations Act 2001 151 (3) The amount of contributory levy payable by a participant under a
determination under subsection (1) must be paid within the period,
and in the manner, specified in writing by the operator either
generally or in relation to particular participants or classes of
participants.
(4) Whenever an amount of levy (the levy amount) is paid under this
section, or under subsection 6(3) of the Corporations (National
Guarantee Fund Levies) Act 2001, to the operator of a financial
market as agent for the Commonwealth:
(a) the operator must pay an amount equal to the levy amount to
the Commonwealth; and
(b) the Consolidated Revenue Fund is appropriated by that
amount for the purpose of payment to the SEGC; and
(c) the Commonwealth must pay the amount so appropriated to
the SEGC; and
(d) the SEGC must pay the amount it receives under
paragraph (c) into the NGF; and
(e) the operator’s liability to pay the primary levy amount is
reduced by the amount paid into the NGF under
paragraph (d).
(5) A payment of an amount to the SEGC as required by
paragraph (4)(c) in respect of a particular contributory levy amount
is subject to a condition that, if the Commonwealth becomes liable
to refund the whole or a part of the contributory levy amount, the
SEGC must pay the Commonwealth an amount equal to the
amount that the Commonwealth is liable to refund. The SEGC may
pay, out of the NGF, any amount so required to be paid to the
Commonwealth.
(6) The Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997 does not
apply in relation to the payment of an amount of levy under this
section to the operator of a financial market as agent for the
Commonwealth. However, the operation of that Act in relation to
the following payments is not affected:
(a) the payment of an amount to the Commonwealth as required
by paragraph (4)(a); or
(b) the payment of an amount by the Commonwealth as required
by paragraph (4)(c).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 4 NGF Compensation regime

Section 890A

152 Corporations Act 2001 The operator must, in accordance with the regulations, notify the
Commonwealth of payments of levy it receives as agent for the
Commonwealth.
Subdivision D—The SEGC
890A Minister to nominate the SEGC
(1) Subject to subsection (3), the Minister may nominate in writing as
the Securities Exchanges Guarantee Corporation a body
corporate (whenever incorporated) that is, for the purposes of the
national corporate laws, a company limited by guarantee.
(2) ASIC must cause a copy of a nomination by the Minister under
subsection (1) to be published in the Gazette.
(3) The Minister may only nominate a body corporate under
subsection (1) if he or she is satisfied that:
(a) the Australian Stock Exchange Limited is a member of the
body corporate; and
(b) each of the other members of the body corporate is a market
licensee; and
(c) the body corporate’s constitution provides that only market
licensees may become or remain members of the body
corporate; and
(d) the body corporate will, if nominated under subsection (1),
be able to perform and exercise the SEGC’s functions and
powers under this Division adequately and with due regard to
the interests of the public; and
(e) the body corporate has obtained, or will within a reasonable
period after being nominated under subsection (1) obtain,
indemnity insurance in respect of its liabilities for:
(i) negligence in; and
(ii) defalcation, or fraudulent misuse of property, by an
officer, employee or agent of the body corporate in
connection with;
the performance or exercise of the SEGC’s functions or
powers under this Division, or has made or will make other
satisfactory provisions for meeting those liabilities; and
(f) the body corporate’s business rules make satisfactory
provision:

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NGF Compensation regime Division 4

Section 890B

Corporations Act 2001 153 (i) for ensuring the safety of property received by the body
corporate; and
(ii) generally for the protection of the interests of the public.
890B The SEGC’s functions and powers
(1) In addition to the legal capacity and powers it has because of
section 124, the SEGC has such functions and powers as are
conferred, or expressed to be conferred, on it by or under this Part.
(2) Section 125 does not apply in relation to a function or power
conferred, or expressed to be conferred, as mentioned in
subsection (1) of this section.
(3) The SEGC is to perform the functions, and may exercise the
powers, that are conferred on it by or under this Part.
(4) The SEGC is to administer the arrangements constituted by this
Division.
890C Delegation
(1) Subject to this section, all decisions of the SEGC in relation to the
performance of its functions, and the exercise of its powers, under
this Part must be made by the board of the SEGC.
(2) The board of the SEGC must not delegate any of the following
powers of the SEGC:
(a) the power to borrow under section 889E;
(b) the power to determine the order of payments under
section 889H;
(c) the power to determine a minimum amount under
section 889I;
(d) the power to make operating rules under section 890D;
(e) the power (or duty) to make a payment under section 891A.
(3) Otherwise, the board of the SEGC may delegate any of their
powers under this Part in accordance with section 198D.
890D Operating rules of the SEGC
The SEGC may make rules (operating rules) relating to the
performance or exercise of its powers or duties under this Part, or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 4 NGF Compensation regime

Section 890E

154 Corporations Act 2001 relating to matters permitted by this Part to be dealt with in its
operating rules.
890E Legal effect of the SEGC’s operating rules
The SEGC’s operating rules have effect as a contract under seal
between the SEGC and each member of the SEGC under which
each of those persons agrees to observe the operating rules to the
extent that they apply to the person and engage in conduct that the
person is required by the operating rules to engage in.
890F Enforcement of the SEGC’s operating rules
(1) If a person who is under an obligation to comply with or enforce
any of the SEGC’s operating rules fails to meet that obligation, an
application to the Court may be made by:
(a) ASIC; or
(b) the SEGC; or
(c) a member of the SEGC; or
(d) a person aggrieved by the failure.
(2) After giving an opportunity to be heard to the applicant and the
person against whom the order is sought, the Court may make an
order giving directions to:
(a) the person against whom the order is sought; or
(b) if that person is a body corporate—the directors of the body
corporate;
about compliance with, or enforcement of, the operating rules.
890G Changing the SEGC’s operating rules
(1) As soon as practicable after a change is made to the SEGC’s
operating rules, the SEGC must lodge with ASIC written notice of
the change.
(2) The notice must:
(a) set out the text of the change; and
(b) specify the date on which the change was made; and
(c) contain an explanation of the purpose of the change.
(3) If no notice is lodged with ASIC within 21 days after the change is
made, the change ceases to have effect.

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NGF Compensation regime Division 4

Section 890H

Corporations Act 2001 155
890H Disallowance of changes to the SEGC’s operating rules
(1) As soon as practicable after receiving a notice under section 890G,
ASIC must send a copy of the notice to the Minister.
(2) Within 28 days after ASIC received the notice under section 890G,
the Minister may disallow all or a specified part of the change to
the SEGC’s operating rules.
(3) As soon as practicable after all or part of a change is disallowed,
ASIC must give notice of the disallowance to the SEGC. The
change ceases to have effect, to the extent of the disallowance,
when the SEGC receives the notice.
Subdivision E—Other provisions relating to compensation
under this Division
891A Payment out of the NGF to prescribed body with
arrangements covering clearing and settlement facility
support
(1) If the Minister is satisfied that a body corporate specified in
regulations made for the purposes of this section has made
adequate arrangements covering all or part of the clearing and
settlement system support that this Division provides for, the
Minister may, in writing, direct the SEGC to pay a specified
amount to that body corporate out of the NGF.
(2) The Minister may, in writing, impose conditions to be complied
with by the SEGC or the body corporate, or both, in relation to the
payment.
(3) The SEGC and the body corporate must comply with the direction
and with any applicable conditions to which the direction is
subject.
(4) Before giving a direction under subsection (1), the Minister must
be satisfied that, after the payment is made, the NGF will still have
an adequate amount of assets to meet claims.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 4 NGF Compensation regime

Section 891B

156 Corporations Act 2001
891B Markets operated by bodies corporate that become members
of the SEGC—regulations may deal with transitional
provisions and other matters
(1) In this section:
joining market means a financial market that:
(a) is operated by a body corporate that becomes a member of
the SEGC after the commencement of this Division, or by a
subsidiary of such a body corporate; and
(b) is a financial market to which this Division applies.
(2) The regulations may make provisions of a transitional or saving
nature dealing with the transition, in relation to a joining market,
from the compensation regime previously applicable in relation to
the market to the arrangements constituted by this Division.
(3) Without limiting subsection (2), the regulations may require money
or other property (including money or other property in a fidelity
fund) to be paid or transferred to the SEGC for inclusion in the
NGF.
(4) The regulations may also provide for the allocation of part of the
NGF as being for use for the purposes of claims arising in
connection with the joining market.
(5) The regulations may make modifications of provisions of this
Division and Division 5 that are necessary or convenient to take
account of allocations of a kind referred to in subsection (4).
891C Regulations may make different provision in respect of
different markets etc.
Regulations made for the purposes of a provision of this Division
may make different provision in respect of different financial
markets to which this Division applies and in respect of different
circumstances.

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Provisions common to both kinds of compensation arrangements Division 5

Section 892A

Corporations Act 2001 157

Division 5—Provisions common to both kinds of
compensation arrangements
892A Definitions
In this Division:
regulated fund means:
(a) a fidelity fund that is the source, or a source, of funds under
Division 3 arrangements; or
(b) the NGF; or
(c) an account kept as required by subsection 892B(3).
relevant authority, in relation to Part 7.5 arrangements, means:
(a) if the arrangements are Division 3 arrangements of a
financial market—the operator of the market; or
(b) if the arrangements are Division 4 arrangements—the SEGC.
892B How regulated funds are to be kept
(1) Money in:
(a) a fidelity fund that is the source, or a source, of funds under
Division 3 arrangements; or
(b) the NGF;
must, until applied in paying claims or otherwise spent for the
purposes of this Part, or invested in accordance with section 892C,
be kept by the relevant authority in an account or accounts:
(c) with an Australian ADI; or
(d) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of
this paragraph;
separate from any account or accounts in which other money is
kept.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The regulations may impose additional requirements to be
complied with in relation to the keeping of a regulated fund that
covers 2 or more financial markets.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 5 Provisions common to both kinds of compensation arrangements

Section 892C

158 Corporations Act 2001 (3) If:
(a) a source of funds under Division 3 arrangements for a
financial market is something other than a fidelity fund; and
(b) the operator of the market, or a person involved in the
administration of the arrangements, receives money from that
source of funds;
the money received must, until applied in paying claims or
otherwise spent for the purposes of this Part, or invested in
accordance with section 892C, be kept by the relevant authority in
an account or accounts:
(c) with an Australian ADI; or
(d) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of
this paragraph;
separate from any account or accounts in which other money is
kept.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
892C Money in regulated funds may be invested
(1) Money in a regulated fund that is not immediately required for the
purposes of meeting claims may be invested in any way in which
trustees are for the time being authorised by law in force in a State
or Territory in this jurisdiction to invest trust funds.
(2) The relevant authority may, with the approval of ASIC, appoint a
person to invest on behalf of the relevant authority money to which
subsection (1) applies.
(3) ASIC must not grant approval to the appointment of a person under
subsection (2) unless it is satisfied that:
(a) the person has appropriate qualifications and expertise to
perform the duties of the appointment; and
(b) the relevant authority has adequate indemnity insurance in
respect of its liabilities for any negligence, or any defalcation
or fraudulent misuse of property, by the person in the
performance of those duties, or has made other satisfactory
provisions for meeting those liabilities.
(4) A person appointed under subsection (2) must perform the duties
of the appointment in accordance with the directions of the relevant

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Compensation regimes for financial markets Part 7.5
Provisions common to both kinds of compensation arrangements Division 5

Section 892D

Corporations Act 2001 159 authority and subject to such conditions (if any) as the relevant
authority imposes.
892D Powers of relevant authority to require production or delivery
of documents or statements
(1) The relevant authority in relation to Part 7.5 arrangements may
require a person:
(a) to deliver to the relevant authority documents or copies of
documents, including documents of, or evidencing, title to
financial products; or
(b) to make out and deliver to the relevant authority a statement
of evidence;
that the relevant authority considers will assist it in determining a
claim for compensation that has been made, or that the relevant
authority considers are necessary for the purpose of exercising the
subrogated rights and remedies it has in relation to a claim (see
section 892F).
(2) The requirement must be made by notice in writing given to the
person. The notice must:
(a) so far as it requires documents or copies referred to in
paragraph (1)(a)—identify or describe the documents or
copies that are required; and
(b) so far as it requires a statement referred to in
paragraph (1)(b)—describe the matters in relation to which
the person’s evidence is required, and set out any
requirements to be complied with in relation to how the
statement is made out.
(3) The person must comply with the requirement.
(4) If the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with the
requirement, the relevant authority may apply to the Court for, and
the Court may make, an order that the person comply with the
direction.
(5) If the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with the
requirement, the relevant authority may disallow a claim made by
the person.
Note: This subsection would not apply if the person subject to the
requirement were someone other than a claimant.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 5 Provisions common to both kinds of compensation arrangements

Section 892E

160 Corporations Act 2001 (6) The relevant authority may, in writing, delegate the power given by
this section to a person involved in the administration of the
Part 7.5 arrangements.
(7) The relevant authority must return any documents (other than
copies of documents) provided to it under this section as soon as
practicable after the claim referred to in subsection (1) has been
determined, and any proceedings relating to the determination of
the claim (including any arising from the subrogation of the
relevant authority for the claimant) have been completed.
(8) Subsection (7) does not apply if:
(a) another law prohibits or prevents the return of the
documents; or
(b) the documents are no longer in the custody of the relevant
authority; or
(c) the person tells the relevant authority that the person does not
want the documents back.
892E Power to require assistance for purpose of dealing with a claim
(1) If Division 3 arrangements give responsibilities (as mentioned in
paragraph 885I(2)(c)) to a person acting under an arrangement with
the operator of the market concerned, the person may give the
operator a written request to give such assistance as the person
requires for the purpose of fulfilling the person’s responsibilities
under the arrangement.
(2) The SEGC may give a member of the SEGC, or a subsidiary of a
member of the SEGC, a written request to give such assistance as
the SEGC requires for the purpose of:
(a) dealing with a claim; or
(b) the assessment of risks to the NGF.
(3) A requirement for assistance under subsection (1) or (2) must be
reasonable.
(4) A person who is required under this section to give assistance must
give the assistance.
(5) If the person fails to give the assistance, the person who required
the assistance may apply to the Court for, and the Court may make,
an order that the other person give the assistance.

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Section 892F

Corporations Act 2001 161
892F Relevant authority’s right of subrogation if compensation is
paid
(1) If compensation in respect of a claim is paid under Part 7.5
arrangements, the relevant authority in relation to the arrangements
is subrogated, to the extent of that payment, to all the claimant’s
rights and remedies in relation to the loss to which the claim
relates.
(2) The relevant authority may also recover from the participant or
participants who caused the loss the costs it incurred in
determining the claim.
892G Excess money in compensation funds
(1) The regulations may determine, or provide a method for
determining, when there is excess money in a regulated fund.
(2) The regulations may make provision in relation to how excess
money in a regulated fund may be, or is to be, dealt with. The
regulations may make different provision in relation to different
funds.
892H Accounting and reporting for regulated funds
(1) The relevant authority in relation to Part 7.5 arrangements must, in
relation to each regulated fund established in connection with the
arrangements, keep written financial records that:
(a) correctly record and explain the fund’s transactions and
financial position and performance; and
(b) would enable true and fair financial statements to be prepared
and audited;
and must retain the financial records for 7 years after the
transactions covered by the records are completed.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Within 2 months after the end of each financial year of the relevant
authority, the authority must cause financial statements and notes
to those financial statements (within the meaning of section 295)
for the regulated fund to be made out as at the end of that financial
year.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 5 Provisions common to both kinds of compensation arrangements

Section 892H

162 Corporations Act 2001
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) A registered company auditor, or authorised audit company, must
be appointed to audit the accounts of the regulated fund in
accordance with whichever of the following paragraphs applies:
(a) if there is only one relevant authority for the fund, that
relevant authority must appoint a registered company auditor,
or authorised audit company, to audit the fund’s accounts;
(b) if there is more than one relevant authority for the fund:
(i) each of those relevant authorities must ensure that a
registered company auditor, or authorised audit
company, is appointed in accordance with
subparagraph (ii) to audit the fund’s accounts; and
(ii) the appointment is to be made by one or more of the
relevant authorities, with the consent of such of the
relevant authorities (if any) as do not make the
appointment; and
(iii) a relevant authority must not purport to appoint a person
to audit the fund’s accounts unless each other relevant
authority (if any) who has not also made the
appointment has consented to the appointment.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) If there is more than one relevant authority for a fund and they
cannot agree on which auditor to appoint, ASIC may, on the
written application of any of the authorities, appoint an auditor
who consents to being so appointed.
(5) The auditor must:
(a) audit the accounts of the regulated fund and the financial
statements; and
(b) do the things required by sections 307 and 308 in relation to
those documents, as if the audit were being done under
Chapter 2M.
(6) The relevant authority for the regulated fund must, within 14 days
after receiving the auditor’s report, lodge with ASIC a copy of the
report and a copy of the financial statements. If there is more than
one relevant authority for the regulated fund, the copy must be

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Compensation regimes for financial markets Part 7.5
Provisions common to both kinds of compensation arrangements Division 5

Section 892I

Corporations Act 2001 163 given to ASIC by at least one of those authorities, or else they all
contravene this subsection.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(7) If the regulated fund is the NGF, the relevant authority (being the
SEGC) must:
(a) give a copy of the audited financial statements to each
member of the SEGC; and
(b) cause a copy of the audited financial statements to be laid
before the annual general meeting of each member of the
SEGC next following the making of that report.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
892I Division 3 arrangements—reporting in situations where
compensation does not come out of a regulated fund
The regulations may impose reporting requirements to be complied
with by the relevant authority in relation to Division 3
arrangements in relation to situations in which compensation under
the arrangements is provided otherwise than out of a regulated
fund.
892J Regulations may provide for qualified privilege in respect of
certain matters
The regulations may provide for specified persons to have
qualified privilege in respect of specified things done:
(a) under compensation rules forming part of Division 3
arrangements; or
(b) under regulations made for the purposes of a provision or
provisions of Subdivision B of Division 4.
892K Risk assessment report
(1) For the purposes of monitoring compliance with, and the operation
of, this Part, the Minister may, by giving the operator of a financial
market written notice, require the operator:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.5 Compensation regimes for financial markets
Division 5 Provisions common to both kinds of compensation arrangements

Section 892K

164 Corporations Act 2001 (a) to cause a risk assessment report to be prepared in relation to
the market in accordance with the requirements specified in
the notice; and
(b) to give that report to the Minister by the time specified in the
notice.
(2) The operator must comply with the notice.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Compensation regimes for financial markets Part 7.5
Miscellaneous Division 6

Section 893A

Corporations Act 2001 165

Division 6—Miscellaneous
893A Exemptions and modifications by regulations
(1) The regulations may:
(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified
provisions of this Part; or
(b) exempt a financial market or class of financial markets from
all or specified provisions of this Part; or
(c) provide that this Part applies in relation to a person or a
financial market, or a class of persons or financial markets, as
if specified provisions were omitted, modified or varied as
specified in the regulations.
(2) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:
(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to
references in this Part; and
(b) any provisions of Part 7.2 that refer to provisions of this Part;
and
(c) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that
relate to provisions of this Part.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 1 Preliminary

Section 910A

166 Corporations Act 2001

Part 7.6—Licensing of providers of financial
services
Division 1—Preliminary
910A Definitions
In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears:
representative of a person means:
(a) if the person is a financial services licensee:
(i) an authorised representative of the licensee; or
(ii) an employee or director of the licensee; or
(iii) an employee or director of a related body corporate of
the licensee; or
(iv) any other person acting on behalf of the licensee; or
(b) in any other case:
(i) an employee or director of the person; or
(ii) an employee or director of a related body corporate of
the person; or
(iii) any other person acting on behalf of the person.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Requirement to be licensed or authorised Division 2

Section 911A

Corporations Act 2001 167

Division 2—Requirement to be licensed or authorised
911A Need for an Australian financial services licence
(1) Subject to this section, a person who carries on a financial services
business in this jurisdiction must hold an Australian financial
services licence covering the provision of the financial services.
Note 1: Also, a person must not provide a financial service contrary to a
banning order or disqualification order under Division 8.
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) However, a person is exempt from the requirement to hold an
Australian financial services licence for a financial service they
provide in any of the following circumstances:
(a) the person provides the service as representative of a second
person who carries on a financial services business and who:
(i) holds an Australian financial services licence that
covers the provision of the service; or
(ii) is exempt under this subsection from the requirement to
hold an Australian financial services licence that covers
the provision of the service;
Note: However, representatives must still comply with section 911B
even if they are exempted from this section by this paragraph.
(b) the service is the issue, variation or disposal of a financial
product by the person (the product provider) pursuant to an
arrangement (an intermediary authorisation) between the
product provider and a financial services licensee under
which:
(i) the financial services licensee, or their authorised
representatives, may make offers to people to arrange
for the issue, variation or disposal of financial products
by the product provider; and
(ii) the product provider is to issue, vary or dispose of
financial products in accordance with such offers, if
they are accepted;
provided that the offer pursuant to which the issue, variation
or disposal is made was covered by the financial services
licensee’s Australian financial services licence;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 2 Requirement to be licensed or authorised

Section 911A

168 Corporations Act 2001 (ba) the service is the entry into of an intermediary authorisation
referred to in paragraph (b);
(c) all of the following apply:
(i) the service is the variation or disposal of a financial
product by the person;
(ii) the same person issued the original product;
(iii) the person provides the service at the direct request of
the person to whom it is provided (rather than through
an intermediary);
(d) the service is, or is provided incidentally to, the operation of
a licensed market, or a licensed CS facility, operated by the
person;
(ea) the service is the provision of general advice and all of the
following apply:
(i) the advice is provided in a newspaper or periodical of
which the person is the proprietor or publisher;
(ii) the newspaper or periodical is generally available to the
public otherwise than only on subscription;
(iii) the sole or principal purpose of the newspaper or
periodical is not the provision of financial product
advice;
(eb) the service is the provision of general advice and all of the
following apply:
(i) the advice is provided in the course of, or by means of,
transmissions that the person makes by means of an
information service (see subsection (6)), or that are
made by means of an information service that the
person owns, operates or makes available;
(ii) the transmissions are generally available to the public;
(iii) the sole or principal purpose of the transmissions is not
the provision of financial product advice;
(ec) the service is the provision of general advice and all of the
following apply:
(i) the advice is provided in sound recordings, video
recordings, or data recordings;
(ii) the person makes the recordings available to the public
by supplying copies of them to the public and/or by
causing the recordings (if they are sound recordings) to
be heard by the public, causing the recordings (if they

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Requirement to be licensed or authorised Division 2

Section 911A

Corporations Act 2001 169 are video recordings) to be seen and heard by the public,
or the contents of the recordings (if they are data
recordings) to be displayed or reproduced for the public;
(iii) the sole or principal purpose of the recordings is not the
provision of financial product advice;
(f) the person provides the service while performing functions,
or exercising powers, in any of the following capacities or
circumstances:
(i) as an official receiver or trustee within the meaning of
the Bankruptcy Act 1966;
(ii) as a receiver, receiver and manager, or liquidator
(whether appointed by a court or otherwise);
(iii) as a person appointed by a court to carry on a financial
services business;
(iv) as the Public Trustee acting under a law, prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph, of a
State or Territory;
(v) as an administrator of a body corporate;
(vi) as an administrator of a deed of company arrangement
executed by a body corporate;
(vii) as a trustee or person administering a compromise or
arrangement between a body corporate and another
person or persons;
(viii) as a personal representative of a deceased person other
than a deceased financial services licensee;
(ix) subject to subsection (3), as a personal representative of
a deceased financial services licensee;
(x) in the administration of a bankrupt estate or in the
winding up of a body corporate or partnership;
(g) all of the following apply:
(i) the person is a body regulated by APRA;
(ii) the service is one in relation to which APRA has
regulatory or supervisory responsibilities;
(iii) the service is provided only to wholesale clients;
(h) all of the following apply:
(i) the person is regulated by an overseas regulatory
authority;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 2 Requirement to be licensed or authorised

Section 911A

170 Corporations Act 2001 (ii) the provision of the service by the person is covered by
an exemption specified by ASIC in writing under this
subparagraph and published in the Gazette; and
(iii) the service is provided only to wholesale clients;
(i) the person provides the service only to related bodies
corporate of the person;
(j) the person provides the service in the person’s capacity as
trustee of a self-managed superannuation fund;
(k) the provision of the service is covered by an exemption
prescribed in regulations made for the purposes of this
paragraph;
(l) the provision of the service is covered by an exemption
specified by ASIC in writing and published in the Gazette.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(3) Subparagraph (2)(f)(ix) only applies until whichever of these
happens first:
(a) the end of 6 months after the death of the licensee;
(b) the removal or discharge of the personal representative;
(c) the final distribution of the licensee’s estate.
(4) A person is not exempt under any paragraph of subsection (2) for a
financial service they provide if the service is the operation of a
registered scheme.
(5) The exemption under paragraph (2)(ea), (eb) or (ec), or an
exemption under subparagraph (2)(h)(ii) or under paragraph (2)(k)
or (l), may apply unconditionally or subject to conditions:
(a) in the case of the exemption under paragraph (2)(ea), (eb) or
(ec), or an exemption under paragraph (2)(k)—specified in
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph; or
(b) in the case of an exemption under subparagraph (2)(h)(ii) or
under paragraph (2)(l)—specified by ASIC in writing
published in the Gazette.
(6) In this section:
information service means:
(a) a broadcasting service; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Requirement to be licensed or authorised Division 2

Section 911B

Corporations Act 2001 171 (b) an interactive or broadcast videotext or teletext service or a
similar service; or
(c) an online database service or a similar service; or
(d) any other service identified in regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph.
911B Providing financial services on behalf of a person who carries
on a financial services business
(1) A person (the provider) must only provide a financial service in
this jurisdiction on behalf of another person (the principal) who
carries on a financial services business if one or more of the
following paragraphs apply:
(a) these conditions are satisfied:
(i) the principal holds an Australian financial services
licence covering the provision of the service; and
(ii) the provider is an employee or director of the principal
or of a related body corporate of the principal; and
(iii) the provider is not an employee or director, or
authorised representative, of any other person who
carries on a financial services business and who is not a
related body corporate of the principal; and
(iv) the provider is not an employee or director, or
authorised representative, of a related body corporate of
a person of the kind mentioned in subparagraph (iii);
(b) these conditions are satisfied:
(i) the principal holds an Australian financial services
licence covering the provision of the service; and
(ii) the provider is an authorised representative of the
principal; and
(iii) the authorisation covers the provision of the service by
the provider; and
(iv) in the case of a provider who is an employee or director
of any other person (the second principal) who carries
on a financial services business, or of a related body
corporate of such a second principal—if the provider
provides any financial services in this jurisdiction on
behalf of the second principal, the provider does so as
an authorised representative of the second principal;
(c) these conditions are satisfied:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 2 Requirement to be licensed or authorised

Section 911C

172 Corporations Act 2001 (i) the principal holds an Australian financial services
licence covering the provision of the service; and
(ii) the provider is an employee of an authorised
representative of the principal; and
(iii) the authorisation covers the provision of the service by
the authorised representative; and
(iv) the service is the provision of a basic deposit product or
of a facility for making non-cash payments (see
section 763D) that is related to a basic deposit product,
or is the provision of a financial product of a kind
prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this
subparagraph;
(d) the provider holds their own Australian financial services
licence covering the provision of the service;
Note: However, in general a financial services licensee cannot be the
authorised representative of another financial services licensee:
see sections 916D and 916E.
(e) if the principal (rather than the provider) provided the
service, the principal would not need an Australian financial
services licence because the provision of the service would
be exempt under subsection 911A(2).
Note 1: Also, a person must not provide a financial service on behalf of
another person contrary to a banning order or disqualification order
under Division 8.
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Paragraphs (1)(a), (b) and (c) do not apply if the provider is a
financial services licensee, unless the principal is an insurer and the
provider is acting under a binder given by the principal.
(3) If, as mentioned in paragraph (1)(d), the provider holds their own
Australian financial services licence covering the provision of the
service, then, for the purposes of the other provisions of this
Chapter, the service is taken to be provided by the provider (and
not by the principal) unless regulations made for the purposes of
this subsection provide otherwise.
911C Prohibition on holding out
A person must not hold out:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Requirement to be licensed or authorised Division 2

Section 911D

Corporations Act 2001 173 (a) that the person has an Australian financial services licence;
or
(b) that a financial service provided by the person or by someone
else is exempt from the requirement to hold an Australian
financial services licence; or
(c) that, in providing a financial service, the person acts on
behalf of another person; or
(d) that conduct, or proposed conduct, of the person is within
authority (within the meaning of Division 6) in relation to a
particular financial services licensee;
if that is not the case.
Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
911D When a financial services business is taken to be carried on in
this jurisdiction
(1) For the purposes of this Chapter, a financial services business is
taken to be carried on in this jurisdiction by a person if, in the
course of the person carrying on the business, the person engages
in conduct that is:
(a) intended to induce people in this jurisdiction to use the
financial services the person provides; or
(b) is likely to have that effect;
whether or not the conduct is intended, or likely, to have that effect
in other places as well.
(2) This section does not limit the circumstances in which a financial
services business is carried on in this jurisdiction for the purposes
of this Chapter.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 3 Obligations of financial services licensees

Section 912A

174 Corporations Act 2001

Division 3—Obligations of financial services licensees
912A General obligations
(1) A financial services licensee must:
(a) do all things necessary to ensure that the financial services
covered by the licence are provided efficiently, honestly and
fairly; and
(aa) have in place adequate arrangements for the management of
conflicts of interest that may arise wholly, or partially, in
relation to activities undertaken by the licensee or a
representative of the licensee in the provision of financial
services as part of the financial services business of the
licensee or the representative; and
(b) comply with the conditions on the licence; and
(c) comply with the financial services laws; and
(ca) take reasonable steps to ensure that its representatives
comply with the financial services laws; and
(d) unless the licensee is a body regulated by APRA—have
available adequate resources (including financial,
technological and human resources) to provide the financial
services covered by the licence and to carry out supervisory
arrangements; and
(e) maintain the competence to provide those financial services;
and
(f) ensure that its representatives are adequately trained, and are
competent, to provide those financial services; and
(g) if those financial services are provided to persons as retail
clients—have a dispute resolution system complying with
subsection (2); and
(h) unless the licensee is a body regulated by APRA—have
adequate risk management systems; and
(j) comply with any other obligations that are prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
(2) To comply with this subsection, a dispute resolution system must
consist of:
(a) an internal dispute resolution procedure that:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Obligations of financial services licensees Division 3

Section 912B

Corporations Act 2001 175 (i) complies with standards, and requirements, made or
approved by ASIC in accordance with regulations made
for the purposes of this subparagraph; and
(ii) covers complaints against the licensee made by retail
clients in connection with the provision of all financial
services covered by the licence; and
(b) membership of one or more external dispute resolution
schemes that:
(i) is, or are, approved by ASIC in accordance with
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;
and
(ii) covers, or together cover, complaints (other than
complaints that may be dealt with by the
Superannuation Complaints Tribunal established by
section 6 of the Superannuation (Resolution of
Complaints) Act 1993) against the licensee made by
retail clients in connection with the provision of all
financial services covered by the licence.
(3) Regulations made for the purposes of subparagraph (2)(a)(i) or
(2)(b)(i) may also deal with the variation or revocation of:
(a) standards or requirements made by ASIC; or
(b) approvals given by ASIC.
912B Compensation arrangements if financial services provided to
persons as retail clients
(1) If a financial services licensee provides a financial service to
persons as retail clients, the licensee must have arrangements for
compensating those persons for loss or damage suffered because of
breaches of the relevant obligations under this Chapter by the
licensee or its representatives. The arrangements must meet the
requirements of subsection (2).
(2) The arrangements must:
(a) if the regulations specify requirements that are applicable to
all arrangements, or to arrangements of that kind—satisfy
those requirements; or
(b) be approved in writing by ASIC.
(3) Before approving arrangements under paragraph (2)(b), ASIC must
have regard to:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 3 Obligations of financial services licensees

Section 912C

176 Corporations Act 2001 (a) the financial services covered by the licence; and
(b) whether the arrangements will continue to cover persons after
the licensee ceases carrying on the business of providing
financial services, and the length of time for which that cover
will continue; and
(c) any other matters that are prescribed by regulations made for
the purposes of this paragraph.
(4) Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (3)(c) may, in
particular, prescribe additional details in relation to the matters to
which ASIC must have regard under paragraphs (3)(a) and (b).
912C Direction to provide a statement
(1) ASIC may, by giving written notice to a financial services licensee,
direct the licensee to give to ASIC a written statement containing
the specified information about:
(a) the financial services provided by the licensee or its
representatives; or
(b) the financial services business carried on by the licensee.
(1A) Notices under subsection (1):
(a) may be sent out at any time; and
(b) may be sent to one or more particular licensees, or to each
licensee in one or more classes of licensee, or to all licensees;
and
(c) may all require the same information, or may contain
differences as to the information they require; and
(d) may require a statement containing information to be
provided on a periodic basis, or each time a particular event
or circumstance occurs, without ASIC having to give a
further written notice.
(2) ASIC may also, by giving written notice to the licensee, direct the
licensee to obtain an audit report, prepared by a suitably qualified
person specified in the notice, on a statement, or each statement in
a class of statements, under subsection (1) before the statement is
given to ASIC.
(3) The licensee must comply with a direction given under this section:
(a) within the time specified in the direction if that is a
reasonable time; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Obligations of financial services licensees Division 3

Section 912CA

Corporations Act 2001 177 (b) in any other case—within a reasonable time.
ASIC may extend the time within which the licensee must comply
with the direction by giving written notice to the licensee.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
912CA Regulations may require information to be provided
The regulations may require a financial services licensee, or each
financial services licensee in a class of financial services licensees,
to provide ASIC with specified information about:
(a) the financial services provided by the licensee or its
representatives; or
(b) the financial services business carried on by the licensee.
912D Obligation to notify ASIC of certain matters
(1) If:
(a) a financial services licensee breaches, or is likely to breach:
(i) any of the obligations under section 912A or 912B,
other than the obligation under paragraph 912A(1)(c);
or
(ii) the obligation under paragraph 912A(1)(c), so far as it
relates to provisions of this Act or the ASIC Act
referred to in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of the definition
of financial services law in section 761A; or
(iii) the obligation under paragraph 912A(1)(c), so far as it
relates to Commonwealth legislation that is covered by
paragraph (d) of that definition and that is specified in
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;
and
(b) the breach, or likely breach, is significant, having regard to
the following:
(i) the number or frequency of similar previous breaches;
(ii) the impact of the breach or likely breach on the
licensee’s ability to provide the financial services
covered by the licence;
(iii) the extent to which the breach or likely breach indicates
that the licensee’s arrangements to ensure compliance
with those obligations is inadequate;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 3 Obligations of financial services licensees

Section 912E

178 Corporations Act 2001 (iv) the actual or potential financial loss to clients of the
licensee, or the licensee itself, arising from the breach or
likely breach;
(v) any other matters prescribed by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph;
the licensee must give a written report on the matter to ASIC as
soon as practicable, and in any case within 5 business days, after
becoming aware of the breach or likely breach.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(1A) For the purposes of subsection (1), a financial services licensee is
likely to breach an obligation referred to in that subsection if, and
only if, the person is no longer able to comply with the obligation.
(2) A financial services licensee must give written notice to ASIC, as
soon as practicable, if the licensee becomes a participant in a
licensed market or a licensed CS facility, or ceases to be such a
participant. The notice must say when this happened and identify
the market or facility.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
912E Surveillance checks by ASIC
(1) A financial services licensee and its representatives must give such
assistance to ASIC, or a person authorised by ASIC, as ASIC or
the authorised person reasonably requests in relation to whether the
licensee and its representatives are complying with the financial
services laws, and in relation to the performance of ASIC’s other
functions.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Such assistance may include showing ASIC the licensee’s books or
giving ASIC other information.
912F Obligation to cite licence number in documents
(1) Whenever a financial services licensee identifies itself in a
document of a kind specified in regulations made for the purposes
of this subsection, the document must include the licensee’s licence
number (see section 913C).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Obligations of financial services licensees Division 3

Section 912F

Corporations Act 2001 179
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 4 Australian financial services licences

Section 913A

180 Corporations Act 2001

Division 4—Australian financial services licences
Subdivision A—How to get a licence
913A Applying for a licence
A person may apply for an Australian financial services licence by
lodging an application with ASIC that:
(a) includes the information required by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph; and
(b) is accompanied by the documents (if any) required by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
913B When a licence may be granted
(1) ASIC must grant an applicant an Australian financial services
licence if (and must not grant such a licence unless):
(a) the application was made in accordance with section 913A;
and
(b) ASIC has no reason to believe that the applicant will not
comply with the obligations that will apply under
section 912A if the licence is granted; and
(c) the requirement in whichever of subsection (2) or (3) of this
section applies is satisfied; and
(ca) the applicant has provided ASIC with any additional
information requested by ASIC in relation to matters that,
under this section, can be taken into account in deciding
whether to grant the licence; and
(d) the applicant meets any other requirements prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: ASIC must not grant an Australian financial services licence to a
person contrary to a banning order or disqualification order (see
Division 8).
(2) If the applicant is a natural person, ASIC must be satisfied that
there is no reason to believe that the applicant is not of good fame
or character.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Australian financial services licences Division 4

Section 913B

Corporations Act 2001 181 (3) If the applicant is not a single natural person, ASIC must be
satisfied:
(a) that:
(i) if the applicant is a body corporate—there is no reason
to believe that any of the applicant’s responsible officers
are not of good fame or character; or
(ii) if the applicant is a partnership or the trustees of a
trust—there is no reason to believe that any of the
partners or trustees who would perform duties in
connection with the holding of the licence are not of
good fame or character; or
(b) if ASIC is not satisfied of the matter in paragraph (a)—that
the applicant’s ability to provide the financial services
covered by the licence would nevertheless not be
significantly impaired.
(4) In considering whether there is reason to believe that a person is
not of good fame or character, ASIC must (subject to Part VIIC of
the Crimes Act 1914) have regard to:
(a) any conviction of the person, within 10 years before the
application was made, for serious fraud; and
(b) whether the person has held an Australian financial services
licence that was suspended or cancelled; and
(c) whether a banning order or disqualification order under
Division 8 has previously been made against the person; and
(d) any other matter ASIC considers relevant.
Note: Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 includes provisions that, in certain
circumstances, relieve persons from the requirement to disclose spent
convictions and require persons aware of such convictions to
disregard them.
(5) However, ASIC may only refuse to grant a licence after giving the
applicant an opportunity:
(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that
takes place in private; and
(b) to make submissions to ASIC in relation to the matter.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 4 Australian financial services licences

Section 913C

182 Corporations Act 2001
913C Licence numbers
ASIC must give each Australian financial services licence a unique
licence number when it is granted, and must notify the licensee of
that number.
Subdivision B—The conditions on the licence
914A The conditions on the licence
(1) Subject to this section, ASIC may, at any time, by giving written
notice to a financial services licensee:
(a) impose conditions, or additional conditions, on the licence;
and
(b) vary or revoke conditions imposed on the licence.
Note: Subsection 923B(3) restricts the circumstances in which ASIC can
impose a condition authorising a person to assume or use a restricted
word or expression under that section.
(2) ASIC may do so:
(a) on its own initiative; or
(b) if the licensee lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to
do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any,
required by regulations made for the purposes of this
paragraph.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(3) ASIC may only impose conditions or additional conditions, or vary
the conditions, on the licence after giving the licensee an
opportunity:
(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that
takes place in private; and
(b) to make submissions to ASIC in relation to the matter.
This subsection does not apply to ASIC imposing conditions when
a licence is granted.
(4) If the licensee, or a related body corporate, is a body (the APRA
body) regulated by APRA, other than an ADI (within the meaning
of the Banking Act 1959), then the following provisions apply:
(a) ASIC cannot:
(i) impose, vary or revoke a condition on the licence that,
in ASIC’s opinion, has or would have the result of

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Section 914A

Corporations Act 2001 183 preventing the APRA body from being able to carry on
all or any of its usual activities (being activities in
relation to which APRA has regulatory or supervisory
responsibilities); or
(ii) vary a condition so that it would, in ASIC’s opinion,
become a condition that would have a result as
described in subparagraph (i);
unless ASIC has first consulted APRA about the proposed
action;
(b) if ASIC imposes, varies or revokes a condition on the licence
and paragraph (a) does not apply to that action, ASIC must,
within one week, inform APRA of the action that has been
taken.
(5) If the licensee, or a related body corporate, is an ADI (within the
meaning of the Banking Act 1959), then the following provisions
apply:
(a) subject to paragraphs (b) and (c), the powers that ASIC
would otherwise have under this section:
(i) to impose, vary or revoke a condition on the licence
that, in ASIC’s opinion, has or would have the result of
preventing the ADI from being able to carry on all or
any of its banking business (within the meaning of the
Banking Act 1959); or
(ii) to vary a condition so that it would, in ASIC’s opinion,
become a condition that would have a result as
described in subparagraph (i);
are instead powers of the Minister;
(b) the following provisions apply in relation to a power to
which paragraph (a) applies:
(i) the procedures for the exercise of the power are the
same as would apply if ASIC could exercise the power,
except that the Minister must not exercise the power
unless he or she has first considered advice from ASIC
on the proposed action, being advice given after ASIC
has consulted APRA about the proposed action;
(ii) ASIC (rather than the Minister) must still conduct any
hearing required under paragraph (3)(a) and receive any
submissions under paragraph (3)(b);
(c) if ASIC imposes, varies or revokes a condition on the licence
and paragraph (a) does not apply to that action, ASIC must,

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 4 Australian financial services licences

Section 915A

184 Corporations Act 2001 within one week, inform APRA of the action that has been
taken.
(5A) A failure to comply with a requirement of subsection (4) or (5) to
consult or inform APRA about, or to consider advice from ASIC
about, an imposition, variation or revocation of a condition does
not invalidate the action taken.
(6) ASIC must ensure that the licence is subject to a condition that
specifies the particular financial services or class of financial
services that the licensee is authorised to provide.
(7) The financial services or class of financial services may be
specified by reference to particular financial products, or classes of
financial products.
(8) The licence is subject to such other conditions as are prescribed by
regulations made for the purposes of this subsection. However,
ASIC cannot vary or revoke those conditions.
Subdivision C—When a licence can be varied, suspended or
cancelled
915A Varying licences
(1) ASIC may vary an Australian financial services licence to take
account of a change in the licensee’s name if the licensee lodges
with ASIC an application for the variation, accompanied by the
documents, if any, required by regulations made for the purposes
of this subsection.
Note 1: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 914A.
Note 2: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
(2) ASIC must give written notice of the variation to the licensee.
915B Immediate suspension or cancellation
Licence held by a natural person
(1) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services
licence held by a natural person, by giving written notice to the
person, if the person:
(a) ceases to carry on the financial services business; or

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Section 915B

Corporations Act 2001 185 (b) becomes an insolvent under administration; or
(c) is convicted of serious fraud; or
(d) becomes incapable of managing their affairs because of
mental or physical incapacity; or
(e) lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is
accompanied by the documents, if any, required by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
Licence held by a partnership
(2) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services
licence held by a partnership, by giving written notice to the
partnership, if:
(a) the partnership ceases to carry on the financial services
business; or
(b) a creditor’s petition or a debtor’s petition is presented under
Division 2 or 3 of Part IV of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 against
the partnership; or
(c) one or more of the partners is convicted of serious fraud; or
(d) the partnership lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to
do so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any,
required by regulations made for the purposes of this
paragraph.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
Licence held by a body corporate
(3) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services
licence held by a body corporate, by giving written notice to the
body, if the body:
(a) ceases to carry on the financial services business; or
(b) becomes an externally-administered body corporate; or
(c) is a responsible entity of a registered scheme whose members
have suffered, or are likely to suffer, loss or damage because
the body has breached this Act; or
(d) lodges with ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is
accompanied by the documents, if any, required by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 4 Australian financial services licences

Section 915C

186 Corporations Act 2001 (4) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services
licence held by the trustees of a trust, by giving written notice to
the trustees, if:
(a) the trustees of the trust cease to carry on the financial
services business; or
(b) a trustee who is a natural person:
(i) becomes an insolvent under administration; or
(ii) is convicted of serious fraud; or
(iii) becomes incapable of managing their affairs because of
physical or mental incapacity; or
(c) a trustee that is a body corporate becomes an
externally-administered body corporate; or
(d) the trustees lodge with ASIC an application for ASIC to do
so, which is accompanied by the documents, if any, required
by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note 1: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.
Note 2: If there is only one trustee, subsection (1) will apply (if the trustee is a
natural person), and subsection (3) will apply (if the trustee is a body
corporate).
915C Suspension or cancellation after offering a hearing
(1) ASIC may suspend or cancel an Australian financial services
licence (subject to complying with subsection (4)) in any of the
following cases:
(a) the licensee has not complied with their obligations under
section 912A;
(aa) ASIC has reason to believe that the licensee will not comply
with their obligations under section 912A;
(b) ASIC is no longer satisfied of the matter in whichever of
subsection 913B(2) or (3) applied at the time the licence was
granted (about whether the licensee, or the licensee’s
representatives, are of good fame or character);
(c) a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8 is
made against the licensee;
(d) a banning order or disqualification order under Division 8 is
made against a representative of the licensee and ASIC
considers that the representative’s involvement in the
provision of the licensee’s financial services will

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Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Australian financial services licences Division 4

Section 915D

Corporations Act 2001 187 significantly impair the licensee’s ability to meet its
obligations under this Chapter.
(2) ASIC may also cancel an Australian financial services licence
(subject to complying with subsection (4)) if:
(a) the application for the licence was false in a material
particular or materially misleading; or
(b) there was an omission of a material matter from the
application.
(3) An Australian financial services licence is suspended or cancelled
by ASIC giving written notice to the licensee.
(4) However, ASIC may only suspend or cancel an Australian
financial services licence under this section after giving the
licensee an opportunity:
(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that
takes place in private; and
(b) to make submissions to ASIC on the matter.
915D Effect of suspension
(1) A suspended Australian financial services licence has no effect
while it remains suspended.
(2) Subsection (1) has effect subject to section 915H.
915E Revocation of suspension
ASIC may at any time revoke the suspension of an Australian
financial services licence by giving written notice to the licensee.
915F Date of effect and publication of cancellation or suspension
(1) A variation, suspension, revocation of a suspension, or
cancellation, of an Australian financial services licence takes effect
when the written notice of that action is given to the licensee.
(2) As soon as practicable after the notice is given to the licensee,
ASIC must:
(a) publish a notice of the action in the Gazette; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 4 Australian financial services licences

Section 915G

188 Corporations Act 2001 (b) if the licensee is a participant in a licensed market or a
licensed CS facility—give written notice of the action to the
operator of the market or facility.
A notice under this subsection must state when the action took
effect.
915G Statement of reasons
A notice of suspension or cancellation given to a licensee under
this Subdivision must be accompanied by a statement of reasons
for the action taken.
915H ASIC may allow licence to continue in effect
In the written notice of suspension or cancellation that ASIC gives
to the licensee, ASIC may specify that the licence continues in
effect as though the suspension or cancellation had not happened
for the purposes of specified provisions of this Act in relation to
specified matters, a specified period, or both.
915I Special procedures for APRA-regulated bodies
(1) If a financial services licensee, or a related body corporate, is a
body (the APRA body) regulated by APRA, other than an ADI
(within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959), the following
provisions apply:
(a) ASIC cannot suspend or cancel the licensee’s licence if doing
so would, in ASIC’s opinion, have the result of preventing
the APRA body from being able to carry on all or any of its
usual activities (being activities in relation to which APRA
has regulatory or supervisory responsibilities), unless ASIC
has first consulted APRA about the proposed action;
(b) if ASIC suspends or cancels the licensee’s licence and
paragraph (a) does not apply to that action, ASIC must,
within one week, inform APRA of the action that has been
taken.
(2) If:
(a) a financial services licensee is an ADI (within the meaning of
the Banking Act 1959); or
(b) a related body corporate of a financial services licensee is an
ADI (within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959), and

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Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Australian financial services licences Division 4

Section 915J

Corporations Act 2001 189 cancellation or suspension of the licensee’s licence would, in
ASIC’s opinion, have the result of preventing the ADI from
being able to carry on all or any of its banking business
(within the meaning of the Banking Act 1959);
the following provisions have effect:
(c) subject to paragraph (d), the powers that ASIC would
otherwise have under this Subdivision to cancel or suspend
the licensee’s licence, or to subsequently revoke a suspension
to which this subsection applied, are instead powers of the
Minister;
(d) the procedures for the exercise of a power to which
paragraph (c) applies are the same as would apply if ASIC
could exercise the power, except that the Minister must not
exercise the power unless he or she has first considered
advice from ASIC on the proposed action, being advice given
after ASIC has consulted APRA about the proposed action;
(e) ASIC (rather than the Minister) must still conduct any
hearing required under paragraph 915C(4)(a) and receive any
submissions under paragraph 915C(4)(b).
(3) A failure to comply with a requirement of subsection (1) or (2) to
consult or inform APRA about, or to consider advice from ASIC
about, a cancellation or suspension, or a revocation of a
suspension, of a licence does not invalidate the action taken.
915J Variation, suspension and cancellation only under this
Subdivision
An Australian financial services licence cannot be varied,
suspended or cancelled otherwise than under this Subdivision.
Note: The conditions on the licence can be varied under section 914A.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 5 Authorised representatives

Section 916A

190 Corporations Act 2001

Division 5—Authorised representatives
916A How representatives are authorised
(1) A financial services licensee may give a person (the authorised
representative) a written notice authorising the person, for the
purposes of this Chapter, to provide a specified financial service or
financial services on behalf of the licensee.
(2) The financial services specified may be some or all of the financial
services covered by the licensee’s licence.
(3) An authorisation under subsection (1) is void to the extent that it
purports to authorise a person to provide a financial service:
(a) that is not covered by the licensee’s licence; or
(b) contrary to a banning order or disqualification order under
Division 8.
(3A) A person must not give a purported authorisation if that purported
authorisation is void to any extent under subsection (3).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) An authorisation may be revoked at any time by the licensee giving
written notice to the authorised representative.
916B Sub-authorisations
(1) Subject to subsection (3), an authorised representative of a
financial services licensee cannot, in that capacity, make a person
their authorised representative or an authorised representative of
the licensee.
(2) A purported authorisation contrary to this section is void.
(2A) A person must not give a purported authorisation if that purported
authorisation is contrary to this section.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) A body corporate that is an authorised representative of a financial
services licensee may, in that capacity, give an individual a written

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Authorised representatives Division 5

Section 916C

Corporations Act 2001 191 notice authorising that individual, for the purposes of this Chapter,
to provide a specified financial service or financial services on
behalf of the licensee, but only if the licensee consents in writing
given to the body corporate.
(4) The financial services specified may be some or all of the financial
services covered by the licensee’s licence.
(5) The licensee may give consent under subsection (3) in respect of
either a specified individual or a specified class of individuals (the
membership of which might change from time to time).
(5A) If a licensee gives consent under subsection (3) to a body
corporate, the licensee must keep a copy of the consent for 5 years
after the day on which it ceases to have effect.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(6) An individual who is authorised as mentioned in subsection (3) is
an authorised representative of the relevant licensee.
(7) An authorisation of an individual as mentioned in subsection (3)
may be revoked at any time by:
(a) the licensee; or
(b) the body corporate that gave the individual the authorisation;
giving written notice to the individual.
(8) If a person revokes the authorisation of an individual under
subsection (7), that person must inform, in writing, the other
person who could have revoked the authorisation.
(9) To avoid doubt, an authorisation given as mentioned in
subsection (3) is taken, for the purposes of sections 916C to 916F,
to be given by the body corporate, not the licensee.
916C Authorised representative of 2 or more licensees
(1) One person can be the authorised representative of 2 or more
financial services licensees, but only if:
(a) each of those licensees has consented to the person also being
the authorised representative of each of the other licensees;
or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 5 Authorised representatives

Section 916D

192 Corporations Act 2001 (b) each of those licensees is a related body corporate of each of
the other licensees.
(2) A purported authorisation given in breach of this requirement is
void.
(3) A person must not give a purported authorisation if that purported
authorisation is in breach of this requirement.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
916D Licensees cannot authorise other licensees
(1) A financial services licensee cannot be the authorised
representative of another financial services licensee.
Note 1: Instead, the first licensee could use their own licence to provide
financial services on behalf of the second licensee (assuming that the
first licensee’s licence covered the provision of those services). See
paragraph 911B(1)(d).
Note 2: There is an exception to this rule in section 916E.
(2) A purported authorisation given in breach of this requirement is
void.
(2A) A person must not give a purported authorisation if that purported
authorisation is given in breach of this requirement.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2B) The requirement in subsection (1) does not prohibit a financial
services licensee from being an authorised representative in
circumstances covered by section 916E.
Note: In a prosecution for an offence based on subsection (2A), a defendant
bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection.
See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(3) As well, an authorisation that starts to breach this requirement,
because the person authorised is subsequently granted an
Australian financial services licence, is void.
916E Licensees acting under a binder
(1) Despite section 916D, a financial services licensee (the authorised
licensee) may be the authorised representative of another financial

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Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Authorised representatives Division 5

Section 916F

Corporations Act 2001 193 services licensee who is an insurer, if the authorised licensee acts
under a binder given by the insurer.
(2) For all purposes connected with contracts that are risk insurance
products, or with claims against the insurer, in respect of which the
authorised licensee acts under the binder:
(a) the authorised licensee is taken to act on behalf of the insurer
and not the insured; and
(b) if the insured in fact relied in good faith on the conduct of the
authorised licensee, the authorised licensee is taken to act on
behalf of the insurer regardless of the fact that the authorised
licensee did not act within the scope of the binder.
916F Obligation to notify ASIC etc. about authorised
representatives
(1) A person must lodge with ASIC a written notice (in accordance
with subsection (2)), within 15 business days, if the person
authorises a representative to provide a financial service as
mentioned in section 916A or 916B.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(1AA) Subsection (1) does not apply to an authorisation of a
representative if:
(a) the authorisation is by a body corporate and is given as
mentioned in section 916B; and
(b) the relevant consent under subsection 916B(5) was given in
respect of a specified class of individuals of which the
representative is a member; and
(c) the representative is an employee of the body corporate; and
(d) the only financial services that the representative is
authorised to provide are either or both of the following:
(i) general advice that relates to financial products covered
by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph;
(ii) dealing in financial products covered by regulations
made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note 1: Regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (d) may be expressed
to cover all financial products, or only one or more specified kinds of
financial products.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 5 Authorised representatives

Section 916G

194 Corporations Act 2001
Note 2: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (1AA). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(1A) A person who authorises an individual to provide a financial
service on behalf of a financial services licensee as mentioned in
section 916B must give the licensee written notice (in accordance
with subsection (2)), within 15 business days of the individual
being authorised to provide the financial service, if the licensee’s
consent to the authorisation was given in respect of a specified
class of individuals.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The notice must include the following details:
(a) the name and business address of the representative;
(b) details of the authorisation, including the date on which it
was made and what the representative is authorised to do on
behalf of the relevant licensee;
(c) details of each other financial services licensee on behalf of
whom the representative is an authorised representative.
(3) A person must notify ASIC, by lodging a written notice, within 10
business days if:
(a) the person authorised a representative under section 916A or
916B and there is a change in any details relating to the
representative that are required to be included under
subsection (2); or
(b) the person revokes an authorisation to which subsection (1)
applied.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (3), strict
liability applies to the physical element of circumstance of the
offence, that the details mentioned in subsection (3) changed.
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
916G ASIC may give licensee information about representatives
(1) If ASIC considers it appropriate to do so, it may give information
to a financial services licensee about a person who ASIC believes
is, or will be, a representative of the licensee. However, ASIC may

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Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Authorised representatives Division 5

Section 916G

Corporations Act 2001 195 only do so if it believes, on reasonable grounds, that the
information is true.
(2) A financial services licensee to whom the information is given may
only make use of, make a record of, or give to another person, the
information for a purpose connected with:
(a) the licensee making a decision about what action (if any) to
take in relation to the representative, as a consequence of
receiving the information; or
(b) the licensee taking action pursuant to such a decision.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) A person to whom information has been given for a purpose or
purposes under subsection (2) or this subsection, may only make
use of, make a record of, or give to another person, that
information for that purpose or any of those purposes.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) A person has qualified privilege in respect of an act done by the
person under subsection (2) or (3).
(5) A person to whom information is given in accordance with this
section must not give any of the information to a court, or produce
in a court a document that sets out some or all of the information,
except:
(a) for a purpose connected with:
(i) a financial services licensee making a decision about
what action (if any) to take in relation to the
representative, as a consequence of receiving some or
all of the information; or
(ii) a financial services licensee taking action pursuant to
that decision; or
(iii) proving in a proceeding in that court that particular
action taken by a financial services licensee in relation
to the representative was taken pursuant to that decision;
or
(b) in a proceeding in that court, in so far as the proceeding
relates to an alleged breach of this section; or
(c) in a proceeding in respect of an ancillary offence relating to
an offence based on this section; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 5 Authorised representatives

Section 916G

196 Corporations Act 2001 (d) in a proceeding about giving to a court false information
some, at least, of which was the information given under this
section.
(6) A reference in this section to a financial services licensee taking
action in relation to a representative is a reference to the licensee:
(a) taking action by way of making, terminating or varying the
terms and conditions of an agreement; or
(b) otherwise taking action in relation to an agreement;
to the extent that the agreement relates to the representative acting
on behalf of the licensee.
(7) Subsection (5) also has the effect it would have if:
(a) a reference in it to a court were a reference to a court of an
external Territory or of a country outside Australia and the
external Territories; and
(b) paragraphs (5)(b) and (c) were omitted.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Liability of financial services licensees for representatives Division 6

Section 917A

Corporations Act 2001 197

Division 6—Liability of financial services licensees for
representatives
917A Application of Division
(1) This Division applies to any conduct of a representative of a
financial services licensee:
(a) that relates to the provision of a financial service; and
(b) on which a third person (the client) could reasonably be
expected to rely; and
(c) on which the client in fact relied in good faith.
(2) In this Division, a reference to a representative’s conduct being
within authority in relation to a particular financial services
licensee is, subject to subsection (3), a reference to:
(a) if the representative is an employee of the licensee or of a
related body corporate of the licensee—conduct being within
the scope of the employee’s employment; or
(b) if the representative is a director of the licensee or of a
related body corporate of the licensee—conduct being within
the scope of the director’s duties as director; or
(c) in any other case—conduct being within the scope of the
authority given by the licensee.
(3) If:
(a) a person is the representative of more than one financial
services licensee in respect of a particular class of financial
service; and
(b) the person engages in conduct relating to that class of
service; and
(c) any one or more of the licensees issues or transfers a
financial product as a result of the conduct;
then, for the purposes of this Division:
(d) the person is taken, in respect of the conduct, to have acted
within authority in relation to the licensee or to each licensee
who issued or transferred a financial product as a result of the
conduct; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 6 Liability of financial services licensees for representatives

Section 917B

198 Corporations Act 2001 (e) the person is, in respect of the conduct, taken not to have
acted within authority in relation to any licensee who did not
issue or transfer a financial product as a result of the conduct.
917B Responsibility if representative of only one licensee
If the representative is the representative of only one financial
services licensee, the licensee is responsible, as between the
licensee and the client, for the conduct of the representative,
whether or not the representative’s conduct is within authority.
917C Representatives of multiple licensees
(1) This section applies if the representative is the representative of
more than one financial services licensee.
Financial service covered by only one authority
(2) If:
(a) the representative is the representative of one of the licensees
only in respect of a particular class of financial service; and
(b) the conduct relates to that class of service;
that licensee is responsible for the conduct, as between that
licensee and the client, whether or not the conduct is within
authority.
Financial service covered by multiple authorities: conduct within
authority for one or more of them
(3) If:
(a) the representative is the representative of more than one of
the licensees in respect of a particular class of financial
service; and
(b) the conduct relates to that class of service; and
(c) the conduct is within authority in relation to:
(i) only one of those licensees (the authorising licensee);
or
(ii) two or more of those licensees (the authorising
licensees);
then:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Liability of financial services licensees for representatives Division 6

Section 917D

Corporations Act 2001 199 (d) if subparagraph (c)(i) applies—the authorising licensee is
responsible for the conduct, as between that licensee and the
client; or
(e) if subparagraph (c)(ii) applies—the authorising licensees are
jointly and severally responsible for the conduct, as between
themselves and the client.
All other cases
(4) In any other case, all of the licensees are jointly and severally
responsible for the conduct, as between themselves and the client,
whether or not the representative’s conduct is within authority in
relation to any of them.
917D Exception if lack of authority is disclosed to client
A financial services licensee is not responsible under section 917B
or 917C for the conduct of their representative if:
(a) the conduct is not within authority in relation to the licensee
(or in relation to any of the licensees, if there were more than
one); and
(b) the representative disclosed that fact to the client before the
client relied on the conduct; and
(c) the clarity and the prominence of the disclosure was such as a
person would reasonably require for the purpose of deciding
whether to acquire the relevant financial service.
Note: A person must not hold out that conduct, or proposed conduct, of the
person is within authority in relation to a particular financial services
licensee, unless that is the case. See section 911C.
917E Responsibility extends to loss or damage suffered by client
The responsibility of a financial services licensee under this
Division extends so as to make the licensee liable to the client in
respect of any loss or damage suffered by the client as a result of
the representative’s conduct.
917F Effect of Division
(1) If a financial services licensee is responsible for the conduct of
their representative under this Division, the client has the same

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 6 Liability of financial services licensees for representatives

Section 917F

200 Corporations Act 2001 remedies against the licensee that the client has against the
representative.
(2) The licensee and the representative (along with any other licensees
who are also responsible) are all jointly and severally liable to the
client in respect of those remedies.
(3) However, nothing in this Division imposes:
(a) any criminal responsibility; or
(b) any civil liability under a provision of this Act apart from this
Division;
on a financial services licensee that would not otherwise be
imposed on the licensee.
(4) This Division does not relieve a representative of a financial
services licensee of any liability they have to the client or the
licensee.
(5) An agreement is void in so far as it purports to alter or restrict the
operation of section 917B, 917C, 917D or 917E.
(6) However, subsection (5) does not apply to the extent that the
agreement:
(a) provides for a representative of a financial services licensee
to indemnify the licensee for a liability of the licensee in
respect of the representative; or
(b) provides for a financial services licensee, for whom a
representative acts, to indemnify another financial services
licensee for a liability in respect of the representative.
(7) A financial services licensee must not make, or offer to make, an
agreement that is, or would be, void under subsection (5).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Banning or disqualification of persons from providing financial services Division 8

Section 920A

Corporations Act 2001 201

Division 8—Banning or disqualification of persons from
providing financial services
Subdivision A—Banning orders
920A ASIC’s power to make a banning order
(1) ASIC may make a banning order against a person, by giving
written notice to the person, if:
(a) ASIC suspends or cancels an Australian financial services
licence held by the person; or
(b) the person has not complied with their obligations under
section 912A; or
(ba) ASIC has reason to believe that the person will not comply
with their obligations under section 912A; or
(bb) the person becomes an insolvent under administration; or
(c) the person is convicted of fraud; or
(e) the person has not complied with a financial services law; or
(f) ASIC has reason to believe that the person will not comply
with a financial services law.
(2) However, ASIC may only make a banning order against a person
after giving the person an opportunity:
(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that
takes place in private; and
(b) to make submissions to ASIC on the matter.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply in so far as ASIC’s grounds for
making the banning order are or include the following:
(a) that the suspension or cancellation of the relevant licence
took place under section 915B;
(b) that the person has been convicted of serious fraud.
920B What is a banning order?
(1) A banning order is a written order that prohibits a person from
providing any financial services or specified financial services in
specified circumstances or capacities.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 8 Banning or disqualification of persons from providing financial services

Section 920C

202 Corporations Act 2001 (2) The order may prohibit the person against whom it is made from
providing a financial service:
(a) permanently; or
(b) for a specified period, unless ASIC has reason to believe that
the person is not of good fame or character.
(3) A banning order may include a provision allowing the person
against whom it was made, subject to any specified conditions:
(a) to do specified acts; or
(b) to do specified acts in specified circumstances;
that the order would otherwise prohibit them from doing.
920C Effect of banning orders
(1) A person against whom a banning order is made cannot be granted
an Australian financial services licence contrary to the banning
order.
(2) A person contravenes this subsection if:
(a) the person engages in conduct; and
(b) the conduct breaches a banning order that has been made
against the person.
Note: A contravention of this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
920D Variation or cancellation of banning orders
(1) ASIC may vary or cancel a banning order, by giving written notice
to the person against whom the order was made, if ASIC is
satisfied that it is appropriate to do so because of a change in any
of the circumstances based on which ASIC made the order.
(2) ASIC may do so:
(a) on its own initiative; or
(b) if the person against whom the order was made lodges with
ASIC an application for ASIC to do so, which is
accompanied by the documents, if any, required by
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: For fees in respect of lodging applications, see Part 9.10.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Banning or disqualification of persons from providing financial services Division 8

Section 920E

Corporations Act 2001 203 (3) If ASIC proposes not to vary or cancel a banning order in
accordance with an application lodged by a person under
paragraph (2)(b), ASIC must give the person an opportunity:
(a) to appear, or be represented, at a hearing before ASIC that
takes place in private; and
(b) to make submissions to ASIC on the matter.
920E Date of effect and publication of banning order, variation or
cancellation
(1) A banning order, or variation or cancellation of a banning order,
takes effect when it is given to the person against whom the order
is or was made.
(2) ASIC must publish a notice in the Gazette as soon as practicable
after making, varying or cancelling a banning order. The notice
must state when the action took effect and:
(a) in the case of the making of a banning order—set out a copy
of the banning order; or
(b) in the case of the variation of a banning order—set out a copy
of the banning order as varied.
(3) However, if the banning order contains a provision of the kind
referred to in subsection 920B(3) and ASIC considers that the
Gazette notice would be unreasonably long if that provision were
included, the notice may instead set out a summary of the
provision’s effect.
(4) If ASIC makes a banning order against a person who is a
participant in a licensed market or a licensed CS facility, or varies
a banning order against such a person, ASIC must give the operator
of the market or facility written notice of the making of the order
or the variation.
920F Statement of reasons
(1) A banning order given to a person must be accompanied by a
statement of reasons for the order.
(2) If ASIC varies a banning order made against a person, ASIC must,
on request by the person, give the person a statement of reasons for
the variation.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 8 Banning or disqualification of persons from providing financial services

Section 921A

204 Corporations Act 2001
Subdivision B—Disqualification by the Court
921A Disqualification by the Court
(1) ASIC may apply to the Court for an order or orders under this
section in relation to a person if ASIC:
(a) cancels an Australian financial services licence held by the
person; or
(b) makes a banning order against the person that is to operate
permanently.
(2) The Court may make:
(a) an order disqualifying the person, permanently or for a
specified period, from providing any financial services, or
specified financial services, in specified circumstances or
capacities; or
(b) any other order the Court considers appropriate.
(3) The Court may revoke or vary an order made under subsection (2).
(4) A person against whom such an order is made cannot be granted an
Australian financial services licence contrary to the order.
(5) If the Court makes or varies an order under this section in relation
to a person who is a participant in a licensed market or a licensed
CS facility, ASIC must give the operator of the market or facility
written notice of the making of the order or the variation.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Registers relating to financial services Division 9

Section 922A

Corporations Act 2001 205

Division 9—Registers relating to financial services
922A Registers relating to financial services
(1) ASIC must establish and maintain one or more registers relating to
financial services.
(2) The regulations may prescribe the way in which the register or
registers must be established or maintained, including the details
that ASIC must enter in the register or registers in respect of the
following persons or bodies:
(a) financial services licensees;
(b) authorised representatives of financial services licensees;
(c) persons against whom a banning order or disqualification
order under Division 8 is made;
(e) any other persons or bodies that are prescribed by regulations
made for the purposes of this paragraph.
922B Inspection of Registers
(1) A person may inspect the register or registers relating to financial
services established under this Division and may make copies of,
or take extracts from, the register or registers.
(2) The regulations may prescribe the fees that a person must pay
ASIC to do the things mentioned in subsection (1).
(3) Any disclosure necessary for the purposes of this section is
authorised by this section.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 10 Restrictions on use of terminology

Section 923A

206 Corporations Act 2001

Division 10—Restrictions on use of terminology
923A Restriction on use of certain words or expressions
(1) A person contravenes this subsection if:
(a) either:
(i) the person carries on a financial services business or
provides a financial service (whether or not on behalf of
another person); or
(ii) another person (the provider) provides a financial
service on behalf of the first person; and
(b) the first person assumes or uses, in this jurisdiction, a
restricted word or expression in relation to that business or
service.
Note 1: For the meanings of restricted word or expression and assume or use,
see subsection (5).
Note 2: A contravention of this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) However, it is not a contravention of subsection (1) for a person to
assume or use a restricted word or expression if:
(a) the person does not receive any of the following:
(i) commissions (apart from commissions that are rebated
in full to the person’s clients);
(ii) forms of remuneration calculated on the basis of the
volume of business placed by the person with an issuer
of a financial product;
(iii) other gifts or benefits from an issuer of a financial
product which may reasonably be expected to influence
the person; and
(b) none of the following persons receives any of the things
covered by paragraph (a):
(i) the person’s employer (if any);
(ii) if the person provides the financial service on behalf of
another person (as mentioned in
subparagraph (1)(a)(i))—that other person;
(iii) any other person identified (whether by reference to a
class of person or otherwise) in regulations made for the
purposes of this subparagraph; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Restrictions on use of terminology Division 10

Section 923A

Corporations Act 2001 207 (c) if subparagraph (1)(a)(ii) applies in relation to a financial
service—the provider mentioned in that subparagraph does
not receive any of the things mentioned in paragraph (a) of
this subsection in respect of the provision of that service; and
(d) in carrying on a financial services business, or providing
financial services, the person operates free from direct or
indirect restrictions relating to the financial products in
respect of which they provide financial services; and

(e) in carrying on that business, or providing those services, the
person operates without any conflicts of interest that might:
(i) arise from their associations or relationships with
issuers of financial products; and
(ii) reasonably be expected to influence the person in
carrying on the business or providing the services.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (2). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(3) The reference in paragraph (2)(d) to direct or indirect restrictions
does not include a reference to restrictions imposed on a person by:
(a) the conditions on an Australian financial services licence; or
(b) this Chapter or regulations made for the purposes of this
Chapter.
(4) If a person assumes or uses a word or expression in circumstances
that give rise to the person committing an offence based on
subsection (1) of this section, the person is guilty of such an
offence in respect of:
(a) the first day on which the offence is committed; and
(b) each subsequent day (if any) on which the circumstances that
gave rise to the person committing the offence continue
(including the day of conviction for any such offence or any
later day).
(5) In this section:
(a) a reference to a restricted word or expression is a reference
to:
(i) the word independent, impartial or unbiased; or
(ii) any other word or expression specified in the
regulations as a restricted word or expression for the
purposes of this section; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 10 Restrictions on use of terminology

Section 923B

208 Corporations Act 2001 (iii) any other word or expression (whether or not in
English) that is of like import to a word or expression
covered by any of the previous subparagraphs; and
(b) a reference to a word or expression being assumed or used
includes a reference to the word or expression being assumed
or used:
(i) as part of another word or expression; or
(ii) in combination with other words, letters or other
symbols.
923B Restriction on use of certain words or expressions unless
authorised in licence conditions
(1) A person contravenes this subsection if:
(a) the person carries on a financial services business or provides
a financial service (whether or not on behalf of another
person); and
(b) the person assumes or uses, in this jurisdiction, a restricted
word or expression in relation to that business or service; and
(c) the person is not authorised, by the conditions on an
Australian financial services licence held by the person, or by
a person in relation to whom they are a representative, to
assume or use that word or expression (see subsection (3)).
Note 1: For the meanings of restricted word or expression and assume or use,
see subsection (4).
Note 2: A contravention of this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) If a person assumes or uses a word or expression in circumstances
that give rise to the person committing an offence based on
subsection (1), the person is guilty of such an offence in respect of:
(a) the first day on which the offence is committed; and
(b) each subsequent day (if any) on which the circumstances that
gave rise to the person committing the offence continue
(including the day of conviction for any such offence or any
later day).
(3) ASIC can only impose a condition on an Australian financial
services licence authorising a person to assume or use a restricted
word or expression in these circumstances:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Restrictions on use of terminology Division 10

Section 923B

Corporations Act 2001 209 (a) in the case of a word or expression covered by
subparagraph (4)(a)(i)—if the person:
(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service
relating to securities (whether or not the person can
provide other financial services under the licence as
well); and
(ii) is a participant in a licensed market whose licence
covers dealings in securities;
(b) in the case of a word or expression covered by
subparagraph (4)(a)(ii)—if the person:
(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service
relating to derivatives (whether or not the person can
provide other financial services under the licence as
well); and
(ii) is a participant in a licensed market whose licence
covers dealings in derivatives;
(c) in the case of a word or expression covered by
subparagraph (4)(a)(iii)—if the person:
(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service
relating to contracts of insurance (whether or not the
person can provide other financial services under the
licence as well); and
(ii) in providing that service, acts on behalf of intending
insureds;
(d) in the case of a word or expression covered by
subparagraph (4)(a)(iv)—if the person:
(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service
relating to contracts of general insurance (whether or
not the person can provide other financial services under
the licence as well); and
(ii) in providing that service, acts on behalf of intending
insureds;
(e) in the case of a word or expression covered by
subparagraph (4)(a)(v)—if the person:
(i) can, under the licence, provide a financial service
relating to contracts of life insurance (whether or not the
person can provide other financial services under the
licence as well); and
(ii) in providing that service, acts on behalf of intending
insureds;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 10 Restrictions on use of terminology

Section 923B

210 Corporations Act 2001 (f) in the case of a word or expression covered by
subparagraph (4)(a)(vi)—in the circumstances (if any) that
are prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of this
paragraph, or after ASIC has considered the matters (if any)
that are so prescribed.
(4) In this section:
(a) a reference to a restricted word or expression is a reference
to:
(i) the expression stockbroker or sharebroker, or any other
word or expression (whether or not in English) that is of
like import to that expression; or
(ii) the expression futures broker, or any other word or
expression (whether or not in English) that is of like
import to that expression; or
(iii) the expression insurance broker or insurance broking,
or any other word or expression (whether or not in
English) that is of like import to that expression; or
(iv) the expression general insurance broker, or any other
word or expression (whether or not in English) that is of
like import to that expression; or
(v) the expression life insurance broker, or any other word
or expression (whether or not in English) that is of like
import to that expression; or
(vi) any other expression or word specified in the
regulations as a restricted word or expression for the
purposes of this section, or any other word or expression
(whether or not in English) that is of like import to such
a word or expression; and
(b) a reference to a word or expression being assumed or used
includes a reference to the word or expression being assumed
or used:
(i) as part of another word or expression; or
(ii) in combination with other words, letters or other
symbols; and
(c) contract of insurance and insured have the same meanings
as in Division 4 of Part 7.8.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Agreements with unlicensed persons relating to the provision of financial services
Division 11

Section 924A

Corporations Act 2001 211

Division 11—Agreements with unlicensed persons relating
to the provision of financial services
Subdivision A—Agreements affected
924A Agreements with certain unlicensed persons
(1) Subdivision B applies to an agreement entered into by a person (in
this section and Subdivision B called the non-licensee) and another
person (in this section and Subdivision B called the client) (not
being a financial services licensee) that constitutes, or relates to,
the provision of a financial service by the non-licensee if:
(a) the agreement is entered into in the course of a financial
services business carried on by the non-licensee; and
(b) the non-licensee does not hold an Australian financial
services licence covering the provision of the financial
service, and is not exempt from the requirement to hold such
a licence.
Note: It does not matter whether the financial service is provided to the
client as a wholesale client or as a retail client.
(2) Subdivision B applies to the agreement whether or not anyone else
is a party to the agreement.
Subdivision B—Effect on agreements
925A Client may give notice of rescission
(1) Subject to this section, the client may, whether before or after
completion of the agreement, give to the non-licensee a written
notice stating that the client wishes to rescind the agreement.
(2) The client may only give a notice under this section within a
reasonable period after becoming aware of the facts entitling the
client to give the notice.
(3) The client is not entitled to give a notice under this section if the
client engages in conduct by engaging in which the client would, if
the entitlement so to give a notice were a right to rescind the

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 11 Agreements with unlicensed persons relating to the provision of financial
services

Section 925B

212 Corporations Act 2001 agreement for misrepresentation by the non-licensee, be taken to
have affirmed the agreement.
(4) The client is not entitled to give a notice under this section if,
within a reasonable period before the agreement was entered into,
the non-licensee informed the client (whether or not in writing) that
the non-licensee did not hold an Australian financial services
licence.
(5) If, at a time when an Australian financial services licence held by
the non-licensee was suspended, the non-licensee informed the
client that the licence was suspended, the non-licensee is to be
taken for the purposes of subsection (4) to have informed the client
at that time that the non-licensee did not hold the licence.
(6) None of subsections (2), (3) and (4) limits the generality of either
of the others.
(7) Subject to this section, the client may give a notice under this
section whether or not:
(a) the notice will result under section 925B in rescission of the
agreement; or
(b) the Court will, if the notice so results, be empowered to make
a particular order, or any order at all, under section 925D.
925B Effect of notice under section 925A
A notice given under section 925A rescinds the agreement unless
rescission of the agreement would prejudice a right, or an estate in
property, acquired by a person (other than the non-licensee) in
good faith, for valuable consideration and without notice of the
facts entitling the client to give the notice.
925C Client may apply to Court for partial rescission
(1) If the client gives a notice under section 925A but the notice does
not rescind the agreement because rescission of it would prejudice
a right or estate of the kind referred to in section 925B, the client
may, within a reasonable period after giving the notice, apply to
the Court for an order under subsection (4) of this section.
(2) The Court may extend the period for making an application under
subsection (1).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Agreements with unlicensed persons relating to the provision of financial services
Division 11

Section 925D

Corporations Act 2001 213 (3) If an application is made under subsection (1), the Court may make
such orders expressed to have effect until the determination of the
application as it would have power to make if the notice had
rescinded the agreement under section 925B and the application
were for orders under section 925D.
(4) On an application under subsection (1), the Court may make an
order:
(a) varying the agreement in such a way as to put the client in
the same position, as nearly as can be done without
prejudicing such a right or estate acquired before the order is
made, as if the agreement had not been entered into; and
(b) declaring the agreement to have had effect as so varied at and
after the time when it was originally made.
(5) If the Court makes an order under subsection (4), the agreement is
to be taken for the purposes of section 925D to have been
rescinded under section 925B.
(6) An order under subsection (4) does not affect the application of
section 925F or 925H in relation to the agreement as originally
made or as varied by the order.
925D Court may make consequential orders
(1) Subject to subsection (2), on rescission of the agreement under
section 925B, the Court, on the application of the client or the
non-licensee, may make such order or orders as it would have
power to make if the client had duly rescinded the agreement
because of misrepresentation by the non-licensee.
(2) The Court is not empowered to make a particular order under
subsection (1) if the order would prejudice a right, or an estate in
property, acquired by a person (other than the non-licensee) in
good faith, for valuable consideration and without notice of the
facts entitling the client to give the notice.
925E Agreement unenforceable against client
(1) This section:
(a) applies while both of the following are the case:
(i) the client is entitled to give a notice under section 925A;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 11 Agreements with unlicensed persons relating to the provision of financial
services

Section 925F

214 Corporations Act 2001 (ii) a notice so given will result under section 925B in
rescission of the agreement; and
(b) applies after the agreement is rescinded under section 925B;
but does not otherwise apply.
(2) The non-licensee is not entitled, as against the client:
(a) to enforce the agreement, whether directly or indirectly; or
(b) to rely on the agreement, whether directly or indirectly and
whether by way of defence or otherwise.
925F Non-licensee not entitled to recover commission
(1) Without limiting the generality of section 925E, this section:
(a) applies while the client is entitled to give a notice under
section 925A; and
(b) applies after the client so gives a notice, even if the notice
does not result under section 925B in rescission of the
agreement;
but does not otherwise apply.
(2) The non-licensee is not entitled to recover by any means
(including, for example, set-off or a claim on a quantum meruit)
any brokerage, commission or other fee for which the client would,
but for this section, have been liable to the non-licensee under or in
connection with the agreement.
925G Onus of establishing non-application of section 925E or 925F
For the purposes of determining, in a proceeding in a court,
whether or not the non-licensee is, or was at a particular time,
entitled as mentioned in subsection 925E(2) or 925F(2), it is to be
presumed, unless the contrary is proved, that section 925E or 925F,
as the case may be, applies, or applied at that time, as the case may
be.
925H Client may recover commission paid to non-licensee
(1) Without limiting the generality of section 925D, if the client gives
a notice under section 925A, the client may, even if the notice does
not result under section 925B in rescission of the agreement,
recover from the non-licensee as a debt the amount of any

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Agreements with unlicensed persons relating to the provision of financial services
Division 11

Section 925I

Corporations Act 2001 215 brokerage, commission or other fee that the client has paid to the
non-licensee under or in connection with the agreement.
(2) ASIC may, if it considers that it is in the public interest to do so,
bring an action under subsection (1) in the name of, and for the
benefit of, the client.
925I Remedies under this Division additional to other remedies
The client’s rights and remedies under this Division are additional
to, and do not prejudice, any other right or remedy of the client.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.6 Licensing of providers of financial services
Division 12 Miscellaneous

Section 926A

216 Corporations Act 2001

Division 12—Miscellaneous
926A Exemptions and modifications by ASIC
(1) The provisions to which this section applies are all provisions of
this Part other than Divisions 4 and 8.
(2) ASIC may:
(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified
provisions to which this section applies; or
(b) exempt a financial product or class of financial products from
all or specified provisions to which this section applies; or
(c) declare that provisions to which this section applies apply in
relation to a person or financial product, or a class of persons
or financial products, as if specified provisions were omitted,
modified or varied as specified in the declaration.
(3) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified
conditions. A person to whom a condition specified in an
exemption applies must comply with the condition. The Court may
order the person to comply with the condition in a specified way.
Only ASIC may apply to the Court for the order.
(4) An exemption or declaration is a disallowable instrument for the
purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 if the
exemption or declaration is expressed to apply in relation to a class
of persons or a class of financial products (whether or not it is also
expressed to apply in relation to one or more persons or products
identified otherwise than by reference to membership of a class).
(4A) If subsection (4) does not apply to an exemption or declaration, the
exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must
publish notice of it in the Gazette.
(5) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have
constituted an offence if a particular declaration under
paragraph (2)(c) had not been made, that conduct does not
constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in
addition to complying with the requirements of subsection 48(1) of
the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 as applying because of

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Licensing of providers of financial services Part 7.6
Miscellaneous Division 12

Section 926B

Corporations Act 2001 217 section 46A of that Act, or with the gazettal requirement of
subsection (4A), as the case may be):
(a) the text of the declaration was made available by ASIC on
the Internet; or
(b) ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the
declaration to the person.
In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the
prosecution must prove that paragraph (a) or (b) was complied with
before the conduct occurred.
(6) For the purpose of this section, the provisions to which this section
applies include:
(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to
references in those provisions; and
(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that
relate to those provisions.
Note: Because of section 761H, a reference to the provisions to which this
section applies, or to provisions of Part 10.2, also includes a reference
to regulations or other instruments made for the purposes of those
provisions.
926B Exemptions and modifications by regulations
(1) The regulations may:
(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified
provisions of this Part; or
(b) exempt a financial product or a class of financial products
from all or specified provisions of this Part; or
(c) provide that this Part applies as if specified provisions were
omitted, modified or varied as specified in the regulations.
(2) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:
(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to
references in this Part; and
(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that
relate to provisions of this Part.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 1 Preliminary

Section 940A

218 Corporations Act 2001

Part 7.7—Financial services disclosure
Division 1—Preliminary
940A How Part applies if a financial services licensee is acting as
authorised representative
If a financial services licensee is, in providing a financial service,
acting as the authorised representative of another financial services
licensee (see section 916E), this Part applies to the first-mentioned
licensee, in relation to the service, in the capacity of authorised
representative (rather than the capacity of licensee).
940B What if there is no reasonable opportunity to give a document,
information or statement required by this Part?
(1) If:
(a) apart from this section, a person (the providing entity) would
be required by a provision of this Part to give another person
(the client) a particular document (for example, a Financial
Services Guide or a Statement of Advice), or particular
information or a particular statement; and
(b) the providing entity has not had a reasonable opportunity to
give (in accordance with section 940C) the client the
document, information or statement by the time they are
required by this Part to give it to the client;
the fact that the providing entity has not given the document,
information or statement to the client as required by the provision
is not a contravention of the provision.
Note: In a prosecution for an offence, a defendant bears an evidential burden
in relation to the matters in this section (see subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code).
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the providing entity is not taken
not to have had a reasonable opportunity to provide the document,
information or statement if:
(a) section 940C (or regulations made for the purposes of that
section) permit the document, information or statement to be
sent to an address (including an electronic address) or fax
number nominated by the client; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Preliminary Division 1

Section 940C

Corporations Act 2001 219 (b) the client has not given the providing entity an address
(including an electronic address) or fax number to which the
document, information or statement can be sent; but
(c) the providing entity has had a reasonable opportunity to
make, but has not made, reasonable enquiries of the client to
obtain such an address or fax number.
940C How documents, information and statements are to be given
(1) For the purposes of this Part (unless a contrary intention appears), a
Financial Services Guide, a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide or a Statement of Advice is given by a person (the providing
entity) to another person (the client) if (and only if):
(a) it is:
(i) given to the client, or to the client’s agent, personally; or
(ii) sent to the client, or the client’s agent, at an address
(including an electronic address) or fax number
nominated by the client or the client’s agent; or
(iii) otherwise made available to the client, or the client’s
agent, as agreed between the client, or the client’s agent,
and the providing entity; and
(b) it is in printed or electronic form.
(2) For the purposes of this Part (unless a contrary intention appears),
information that subsection 941C(7) or 946B(6) requires to be
given by a person (the providing entity) to another person (the
client) is given by the providing entity to the client if (and only if):
(a) it is given to the client, or the client’s agent, orally; or
(b) it is in printed or electronic form and is:
(i) given to the client, or the client’s agent, personally; or
(ii) sent to the client, or the client’s agent, at an address
(including an electronic address) or fax number
nominated by the client or the client’s agent; or
(iii) otherwise made available to the client, or the client’s
agent, as agreed between the client or the client’s agent
and the providing entity; or
(c) it is given by some other method permitted by regulations
made for the purposes of this paragraph.
(3) For the purposes of this Part (unless a contrary intention appears),
information that subsection 941C(5) or 946B(3) requires to be

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 1 Preliminary

Section 940C

220 Corporations Act 2001 given by a person (the providing entity) to another person (the
client) is given by the providing entity to the client if (and only if)
it is given to the client, or the client’s agent, in accordance with the
applicable requirements of regulations made for the purposes of
this subsection.
(4) For the purposes of this Part (unless a contrary intention appears), a
statement that subsection 941D(2) or 946C(2) requires to be given
by a person (the providing entity) to another person (the client) is
given by the providing entity to the client if (and only if) it is given
orally to the client or the client’s agent.
(5) For the purposes of this section, a document, information or
statement to which this section applies is sent to a person at an
address if, and only if:
(a) the document, information or statement is sent to the address;
and
(b) either:
(i) the envelope or other container in which it is sent; or
(ii) the message that accompanies it;
is addressed to the person.
(6) A document, information or statement to which this section applies
may be given or sent to a person’s agent only if the agent is not
acting as the person’s agent in one of the following capacities:
(a) a financial services licensee;
(b) an authorised representative of a financial services licensee;
(d) a person who is not required to hold an Australian financial
services licence because the person is covered by:
(i) paragraph 911A(2)(j); or
(ii) an exemption in regulations made for the purposes of
paragraph 911A(2)(k); or
(iii) an exemption specified by ASIC for the purposes of
paragraph 911A(2)(l);
(e) a person who is required to hold an Australian financial
services licence but who does not hold such a licence;
(f) an employee, director or other representative of a person
referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).
(7) The regulations may specify requirements as to:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Preliminary Division 1

Section 940D

Corporations Act 2001 221 (a) the manner in which a document, information or statement
may be given to a person; and
(b) the presentation, structure and format for a document,
information or statement that is to be given in electronic
form.
The giving of the document, information or statement is not
effective unless those requirements are satisfied.
940D General approach to offence provisions
Subdivision A of Division 7 contains provisions creating offences
by reference to various rules contained in Divisions of this Part.
However, it does not create all the offences relating to those rules,
as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where
offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this
is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the
rule.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 2 Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial
Services Guide

Section 941A

222 Corporations Act 2001

Division 2—Person provided with financial service as retail
client to be given a Financial Services Guide
Subdivision A—Requirement for a Financial Services Guide to
be given
941A Obligation on financial services licensee to give a Financial
Services Guide if financial service provided to person as a
retail client
(1) A financial services licensee (the providing entity) must give a
person a Financial Services Guide in accordance with this Division
if the providing entity provides a financial service to the person
(the client) as a retail client.
(2) This section has effect subject to section 941C.
941B Obligation on authorised representative to give a Financial
Services Guide if financial service provided to person as a
retail client
(1) An authorised representative (the providing entity) of a financial
services licensee (the authorising licensee), or of 2 or more
financial services licensees (the authorising licensees), must give a
person a Financial Services Guide in accordance with this Division
if the providing entity, as a representative of the authorising
licensee, or one or more of the authorising licensees, provides a
financial service to the person (the client) as a retail client.
Note: If the providing entity is the authorised representative of 2 or more
financial services licensees, each of those licensees is, for the purposes
of this Division, an authorising licensee in relation to the financial
service provided to the client, even though the providing entity may
not have been acting as representative of each of those licensees in
providing the service to the client.
(2) A Financial Services Guide must not be given to the person by the
providing entity unless the authorising licensee, or each of the
authorising licensees, has authorised its distribution by the
providing entity.
(3) This section has effect subject to section 941C.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial Services
Guide Division 2

Section 941C

Corporations Act 2001 223
941C Situations in which a Financial Services Guide is not required
Client has already received the information
(1) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial
Services Guide (the new FSG) if the client has already received a
Financial Services Guide that contains all of the information that
the new FSG is required to contain.
Providing entity is product issuer dealing in own products
(2) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial
Services Guide if:
(a) the providing entity is an issuer of financial products; and
(b) the financial service is a dealing (see section 766C) in
financial products, other than derivatives able to be traded on
a licensed market, issued by the providing entity, and does
not also relate to financial products issued by someone else.
Note: The issuer will however have to comply with the Product Disclosure
Statement requirements (see Division 2 of Part 7.9).
Providing entity is merely operating a registered scheme
(3) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial
Services Guide if:
(a) the providing entity is the responsible entity of a registered
scheme; and
(b) the financial service consists only of the operation of that
scheme by the providing entity.
Financial product advice given in a public forum
(4) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial
Services Guide if the financial service is general advice provided in
a public forum.
(4A) The regulations may define what constitutes a public forum for the
purposes of subsection (4).
(5) However, if subsection (4) applies and the client is not given a
Financial Services Guide before the advice is provided, the client
must instead, before the advice is provided, be given the
information that would be required to be in the Financial Services

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 2 Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial
Services Guide

Section 941D

224 Corporations Act 2001 Guide by paragraphs 942B(2)(a), (e) and (f), or paragraphs
942C(2)(a), (c), (f) and (g), as the case requires.
Certain basic deposit and other products
(6) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Financial
Services Guide if the financial service is a dealing (see
section 766C) in, is the provision of financial product advice (see
section 766B) about, or in any other way relates to, any of the
following:
(a) a basic deposit product;
(b) a facility for making non-cash payments (see section 763D)
that is related to a basic deposit product;
(c) a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph.
(7) However, if subsection (6) applies and the client is not given a
Financial Services Guide before the service is provided, the client
must instead, before the service is provided, be given the
information that would be required to be in the Financial Services
Guide by paragraphs 942B(2)(a) and (h), or paragraphs 942C(2)(a)
and (i), as the case requires.
Regulations may specify other exemptions
(8) A Financial Services Guide does not have to be given to the client
in circumstances specified in regulations made for the purposes of
this subsection.
941D Timing of giving Financial Services Guide
General rule
(1) Subject to this section, the Financial Services Guide must be given
to the client as soon as practicable after it becomes apparent to the
providing entity that the financial service will be, or is likely to be,
provided to the client, and must in any event be given to the client
before the financial service is provided.
Time critical cases
(2) If:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial Services
Guide Division 2

Section 941E

Corporations Act 2001 225 (a) the client expressly instructs that they require the financial
service to be provided immediately, or by a specified time;
and
(b) it is not reasonably practicable to give the Financial Services
Guide to the client before the service is provided as so
instructed;
the providing entity must instead give the client a statement that
complies with subsection (3) before the service is provided.
(3) The statement must contain:
(a) the information that would be required to be in the Financial
Services Guide by paragraphs 942B(2)(e), (f) and (i), or
paragraphs 942C(2)(f), (g) and (j), as the case requires; and
(b) such other information as would be required to be in the
Financial Services Guide as is particularly relevant to the
financial service to be provided.
(4) The client must then be given the Financial Services Guide within
5 days after being given the statement, or sooner if practicable.
941E Information must be up to date
The information in the Financial Services Guide must be up to date
as at the time when it is given to the client.
Note: A Supplementary Financial Services Guide containing updated
information may be given with a Financial Services Guide that has
become out of date. The updated information is taken to be included
in the Financial Services Guide (see section 943D.)
941F Obligation to give updated Financial Services Guide
If:
(a) the Financial Services Guide is given to the client before the
financial service is provided; and
(b) the following conditions are satisfied:
(i) there is a change in circumstances before the service is
provided, and the Financial Services Guide does not
contain the information it would be required to contain
if it were given to a person immediately after that
change;
(ii) the fact that the Financial Services Guide does not
contain the up to date information is materially adverse

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 2 Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial
Services Guide

Section 942A

226 Corporations Act 2001 from the point of view of a reasonable person deciding,
as a retail client, whether to proceed to be provided with
the financial service;
the providing entity must, before the service is provided, give the
client:
(c) another Financial Services Guide that contains the up to date
information before the service is provided; or
(d) a Supplementary Financial Services Guide (see Subdivision
C) that updates the information in the Financial Services
Guide.
Subdivision B—Content and authorisation of Financial
Services Guide
942A Title of Financial Services Guide
(1) The title “Financial Services Guide” must be used on the cover of,
or at or near the front of, a Financial Services Guide.
(2) In any other part of a Financial Services Guide, “Financial Services
Guide” may be abbreviated to “FSG”.
942B Financial Services Guide given by financial services licensee—
main requirements
(1) This section applies if the providing entity is a financial services
licensee.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to the regulations (see
subsection (4)), the Financial Services Guide must include the
following statements and information:
(a) a statement setting out the name and contact details of the
providing entity; and
(b) a statement setting out any special instructions about how the
client may provide instructions to the providing entity; and
(c) information about the kinds of financial services (the
authorised services) that the providing entity is authorised by
its licence to provide, and the kinds of financial products to
which those services relate; and
(d) information about who the providing entity acts for when
providing the authorised services; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial Services
Guide Division 2

Section 942B

Corporations Act 2001 227 (e) information about the remuneration (including commission)
or other benefits that any of the following is to receive in
respect of, or that is attributable to, the provision of any of
the authorised services:
(i) the providing entity;
(ii) a related body corporate of the providing entity;
(iii) a director or employee of the providing entity or a
related body corporate;
(iv) an associate of any of the above;
(v) any other person in relation to whom the regulations
require the information to be provided;
(f) information about any associations or relationships between
the providing entity, or any related body corporate, and the
issuers of any financial products, being associations or
relationships that might reasonably be expected to be capable
of influencing the providing entity in providing any of the
authorised services; and
(g) if the providing entity provides further market-related advice
(see subsection 946B(1))—a statement in relation to which
the following requirements are satisfied:
(i) the statement must indicate that the client may request a
record of further market-related advice that is provided
to them, if they have not already been provided with a
record of that advice;
(ii) the statement must set out particulars of how the client
may request such a record;
(iii) any limitations in those particulars on the time within
which the client may request such a record must be
consistent with any applicable requirements in
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph
or, if there are no such applicable requirements, must be
such as to allow the client a reasonable opportunity to
request a record of the advice; and
(h) information about the dispute resolution system that covers
complaints by persons to whom the providing entity provides
financial services, and about how that system may be
accessed; and
(i) if the providing entity acts under a binder in providing any of
the authorised services—a statement that:
(i) identifies the services provided under the binder; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 2 Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial
Services Guide

Section 942B

228 Corporations Act 2001 (ii) states that they are provided under a binder; and
(iii) explains the significance of the services being provided
under a binder; and
(j) if the providing entity is a participant in a licensed market or
a licensed CS facility—a statement that the providing entity
is a participant in that market or facility; and
(k) any other statements or information required by the
regulations.
Note: A Supplementary Financial Services Guide containing additional
information may be given with a Financial Services Guide that does
not contain all the required information. The additional information is
taken to be included in the Financial Services Guide (see
section 943D.)
(3) Subject to subsection (4), the level of information about a matter
that is required is such as a person would reasonably require for the
purpose of making a decision whether to acquire financial services
from the providing entity as a retail client.
(4) The regulations may provide all or any of the following:
(a) that a provision of subsection (2) does not apply in a
particular situation;
(b) that particular information is not required by a provision of
subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;
(c) a more detailed statement of the information that is required
by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular
situation or generally;
(d) that certain supplementary information must be given or
made available to the client in some other way.
(5) The Financial Services Guide must be dated. The date must be the
date on which the Financial Services Guide was prepared or its
preparation was completed.
(6) The Financial Services Guide may also contain other information.
(6A) The information included in the Financial Services Guide must be
worded and presented in a clear, concise and effective manner.
(7) The regulations may require the providing entity, in circumstances
specified in the regulations, to provide the client, on request, with
more detailed information about remuneration (including

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial Services
Guide Division 2

Section 942C

Corporations Act 2001 229 commission) or other benefits of a kind referred to in
paragraph (2)(e).
(8) If:
(a) the Financial Services Guide includes a statement to the
effect that a client may request a record of further
market-related advice; and
(b) the client is provided with further market-related advice to
which that statement applies; and
(c) the client has not already been provided with a record of that
advice;
the providing entity must comply with a request made in
accordance with that statement for a record of that advice.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
942C Financial Services Guide given by authorised representative—
main requirements
(1) This section applies if the providing entity is an authorised
representative.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to the regulations (see
subsection (4)), the Financial Services Guide must include the
following statements and information:
(a) a statement setting out the name and contact details of the
providing entity; and
(b) a statement setting out any special instructions about how the
client may provide instructions to the providing entity; and
(c) a statement:
(i) setting out the name and contact details of the
authorising licensee, or of each of the authorising
licensees; and
(ii) stating that the providing entity is the authorised
representative of that licensee or those licensees; and
(d) information, in relation to the authorising licensee or each of
the authorising licensees, about the kinds of financial
services (the authorised services) that the providing entity
provides as representative of the authorising licensee, and the
kinds of financial products to which those services relate; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 2 Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial
Services Guide

Section 942C

230 Corporations Act 2001 (e) information about who the authorising licensee, or each of
the authorising licensees, acts for when financial services are
provided on their behalf by the providing entity; and
(f) information about the remuneration (including commission)
or other benefits that any of the following is to receive in
respect of, or that is attributable to, the provision of any of
the authorised services:
(i) the providing entity;
(ii) an employer of the providing entity;
(iii) the authorising licensee, or any of the authorising
licensees;
(iv) an employee or director of the authorising licensee, or
of any of the authorising licensees;
(v) an associate of any of the above;
(vi) any other person in relation to whom the regulations
require the information to be provided; and
(g) information about any associations or relationships between:
(i) the providing entity, or any employer of the providing
entity, and the issuers of any financial products; or
(ii) the authorising licensee, or any of the authorising
licensees, or any related body corporate of the
authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees,
and the issuers of any financial products;
being associations or relationships that might reasonably be
expected to be capable of influencing the providing entity in
providing any of the authorised services; and
(h) if the providing entity, when acting as representative of the
authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees,
provides further market-related advice (see subsection
946B(1))—a statement in relation to which the following
requirements are satisfied:
(i) the statement must indicate that the client may request a
record of further market-related advice that is provided
to them, if they have not already been provided with a
record of that advice;
(ii) the statement must set out particulars of how the client
may request such a record;
(iii) any limitations in those particulars on the time within
which the client may request such a record must be

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial Services
Guide Division 2

Section 942C

Corporations Act 2001 231 consistent with any applicable requirements in
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph
or, if there are no such applicable requirements, must be
such as to allow the client a reasonable opportunity to
request a record of the advice; and
(i) information about the dispute resolution system that covers
complaints by persons to whom the providing entity provides
financial services when acting as representative of the
authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees, and
about how that system may be accessed; and
(j) if the providing entity acts under a binder in providing any of
the authorised services—a statement that:
(i) identifies the services provided under the binder; and
(ii) states that they are provided under a binder; and
(iii) explains the significance of the services being provided
under a binder; and
(k) if the providing entity, or the authorising licensee or any of
the authorising licensees, is a participant in a licensed market
or a licensed CS facility—a statement that the providing
entity or authorising licensee is a participant in that market or
facility; and
(l) a statement to the effect that the distribution of the Financial
Services Guide by the providing entity has been authorised
by the authorising licensee, or by each of the authorising
licensees; and
(m) any other statements or information required by the
regulations.
Note: A Supplementary Financial Services Guide containing additional
information may be given with a Financial Services Guide that does
not contain all the required information. The additional information is
taken to be included in the Financial Services Guide (see
section 943D.)
(3) Subject to subsection (4), the level of detail of information about a
matter that is required is such as a person would reasonably require
for the purpose of making a decision whether to acquire financial
services from the providing entity as a retail client.
(4) The regulations may provide all or any of the following:
(a) that a provision of subsection (2) does not apply in a
particular situation;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 2 Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial
Services Guide

Section 942D

232 Corporations Act 2001 (b) that particular information is not required by a provision of
subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;
(c) a more detailed statement of the information that is required
by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular
situation or generally;
(d) that certain supplementary information must be given or
made available to the client in some other way.
(5) The Financial Services Guide must be dated. The date must be the
date on which the Financial Services Guide was prepared or its
preparation was completed.
(6) The Financial Services Guide may also contain other information.
(6A) The information included in the Financial Services Guide must be
worded and presented in a clear, concise and effective manner.
(7) The regulations may require the providing entity, in circumstances
specified in the regulations, to provide the client, on request, with
more detailed information about remuneration (including
commission) or other benefits of a kind referred to in
paragraph (2)(f).
(8) If:
(a) the Financial Services Guide includes a statement to the
effect that a client may request a record of further
market-related advice; and
(b) the client is provided with further market-related advice to
which that statement applies; and
(c) the client has not already been provided with a record of that
advice;
the providing entity must comply with a request made in
accordance with that statement for a record of that advice.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
942D Financial Services Guide may consist of 2 or more separate
documents given at same time
(1) Subject to this section, a Financial Services Guide may be made up
of 2 or more separate documents that are given at the same time.

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Section 942D

Corporations Act 2001 233 (2) Each of the documents must have on the cover of the document, or
at or near the front of the document, a statement:
(a) to the effect that the document is part of a Financial Services
Guide; and
(b) that (subject to subsection (3)) identifies the other documents
that make up the Financial Services Guide.
(3) If there are or may be different versions of a document referred to
in paragraph (2)(b), the statement required by subsection (2) does
not have to identify any particular one of those versions and may
instead identify the document generically.
Note: For example, if a Financial Services Guide is made up of a core
document that is not updated very frequently, and a separate document
providing information about remuneration that is updated more
frequently:
(a) the statement in the core document need only refer to the fact that
it, and a separate document about remuneration, make up the
Financial Services Guide; and
(b) the statement in the document about remuneration need only
refer to the fact that it, and a separate document about all other
required matters, make up the Financial Services Guide.
(4) The requirement of section 942A (title of Financial Services
Guide) is taken to be satisfied if the title “Financial Services
Guide” is used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, at least
one of the documents that make up the Financial Services Guide.
(5) The requirement of subsection 942B(5) or 942C(5) (dating of
Financial Services Guide) must be separately complied with in
relation to each of the documents. If, for any purpose, a single date
needs to be determined as the date of the Financial Services Guide
as a whole, that date is the most recent of the dates of those
documents.
(6) Section 942E applies to an alteration to one of the documents as
though the reference in that section to the date specified in the
Financial Services Guide were a reference to the date specified in
the document.
(7) The regulations may impose additional requirements to be
complied with if a Financial Services Guide is made up of 2 or
more documents.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 2 Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial
Services Guide

Section 942DA

234 Corporations Act 2001
942DA Combining a Financial Services Guide and a Product
Disclosure Statement in a single document
(1) A Financial Services Guide and a Product Disclosure Statement
may be combined in a single document (a combined FSG and
PDS) in circumstances specified in regulations made for the
purposes of this section.
(2) Those regulations may also provide that this Chapter applies in
relation to a combined FSG and PDS as if specified provisions
were omitted, modified or varied as specified in the regulations.
(3) A Financial Services Guide and a Product Disclosure Statement
must not be combined in a single document except as permitted
under subsection (1).
942E Altering a Financial Services Guide after its preparation and
before giving it to a person
A financial services licensee, or an authorised representative of a
financial services licensee, must not, in purported compliance with
a provision of this Part, give a person a Financial Services Guide
(the FSG) that has been altered (otherwise than pursuant to
paragraph (b)) after the date specified in the FSG as required by
subsection 942B(5) or 942C(5) unless:
(a) the alteration was made by, or with the authority of:
(i) if section 942B applies to the FSG—the financial
services licensee to which the FSG relates; or
(ii) if section 942C applies to the FSG—the financial
services licensee, or each of the financial services
licensees, who authorised the distribution of the FSG;
and
(b) if the alteration is a material alteration—the date of the FSG
has been changed to the date on which the alteration was
made.
Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

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Guide Division 2

Section 943A

Corporations Act 2001 235
Subdivision C—Supplementary Financial Services Guides
943A What a Supplementary Financial Services Guide is
(1) A Supplementary Financial Services Guide is a document by
which a person who has prepared a Financial Services Guide (the
FSG) can:
(a) correct a misleading or deceptive statement in the FSG; or
(b) correct an omission from the FSG of information it is
required to contain; or
(c) update the information contained in the FSG.
(2) A Supplementary Financial Services Guide must not be given to a
person by an authorised representative of a financial services
licensee unless the licensee has authorised its distribution by the
authorised representative.
943B Title of Supplementary Financial Services Guide
(1) The title “Supplementary Financial Services Guide” must be used
on the cover of, or at or near the front of, a Supplementary
Financial Services Guide.
(2) In any other part of a Supplementary Financial Services Guide,
“Supplementary Financial Services Guide” may be abbreviated to
“SFSG”.
943C Form of Supplementary Financial Services Guide
(1) At the beginning of a Supplementary Financial Services Guide
there must be:
(a) a statement that it is a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide; and
(b) an identification of the Financial Services Guide that it
supplements; and
(c) a statement that it is to be read together with that Financial
Services Guide and any other specified Supplementary
Financial Services Guides.
(2) The Supplementary Financial Services Guide must be dated. The
date must be the date on which the Supplementary Financial
Services Guide was prepared or its preparation was completed.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 2 Person provided with financial service as retail client to be given a Financial
Services Guide

Section 943D

236 Corporations Act 2001 (3) If the Supplementary Financial Services Guide will or may be
distributed by an authorised representative of a financial services
licensee, it must contain a statement to the effect that its
distribution by the authorised representative has been authorised by
the licensee.
943D Effect of giving a person a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide
If:
(a) a person is given a Financial Services Guide (the FSG); and
(b) at the same time, or later, they are given a Supplementary
Financial Services Guide (the SFSG) that supplements the
FSG;
the FSG is taken, from when the SFSG is given to the person, to
include the information and statements contained in the SFSG.
943E Situation in which only a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide need be given
If:
(a) apart from this section, a person (the providing entity) would
be required to give another person (the client) a Financial
Services Guide (the new FSG); and
(b) the client has, because of some previous conduct, already
been given a Financial Services Guide (the earlier FSG)
containing some, but not all, of the information that the new
FSG is required to contain;
the provider may, instead of giving the client the new FSG, give
the client a Supplementary Financial Services Guide that contains
the additional information.
943F Altering a Supplementary Financial Services Guide after its
preparation and before giving it to a person
A financial services licensee, or an authorised representative of a
financial services licensee, must not, in purported compliance with
a provision of this Part, give a person a Supplementary Financial
Services Guide (the SFSG) that has been altered (otherwise than
pursuant to paragraph (b)) after the date specified in the SFSG as
required by subsection 943C(2) unless:

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Guide Division 2

Section 943F

Corporations Act 2001 237 (a) the alteration was made by, or with the authority of:
(i) if section 942B applies to the Financial Services Guide
that the SFSG supplements—the financial services
licensee to which the Guide relates; or
(ii) if section 942C applies to the Financial Services Guide
that the SFSG supplements—the financial services
licensee, or each of the financial services licensees, who
authorised the distribution of the SFSG; and
(b) if the alteration is a material alteration—the date of the SFSG
has been changed to the date on which the alteration was
made.
Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 3 Additional requirements for personal advice provided to a retail client

Section 944A

238 Corporations Act 2001

Division 3—Additional requirements for personal advice
provided to a retail client
Subdivision A—When this Division applies
944A Situation in which Division applies
This Division applies in relation to the provision of personal advice
(the advice) in the following circumstances:
(a) the advice is provided:
(i) by a financial services licensee (the providing entity); or
(ii) by a person (the providing entity) in their capacity as
authorised representative of a financial services licensee
(the authorising licensee), or of 2 or more financial
services licensees (the authorising licensees); and
(b) the advice is provided to a person (the client) as a retail
client.
Subdivision B—Requirements relating to basis of advice
945A Requirement to have a reasonable basis for the advice
(1) The providing entity must only provide the advice to the client if:
(a) the providing entity:
(i) determines the relevant personal circumstances in
relation to giving the advice; and
(ii) makes reasonable inquiries in relation to those personal
circumstances; and
(b) having regard to information obtained from the client in
relation to those personal circumstances, the providing entity
has given such consideration to, and conducted such
investigation of, the subject matter of the advice as is
reasonable in all of the circumstances; and
(c) the advice is appropriate to the client, having regard to that
consideration and investigation.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

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Section 945B

Corporations Act 2001 239 (2) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a
financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (1), it
is a defence if:
(a) the licensee had provided the authorised representative with
information or instructions about the requirements to be
complied with in relation to the giving of personal advice;
and
(b) the representative’s failure to comply with subsection (1)
occurred because the representative was acting in reliance on
that information or those instructions; and
(c) the representative’s reliance on that information or those
instructions was reasonable.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (2). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(3) A financial services licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure
that an authorised representative of the licensee complies with
subsection (1).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
945B Obligation to warn client if advice based on incomplete or
inaccurate information
(1) If:
(a) the advice is based on information relating to the client’s
relevant personal circumstances that is incomplete or
inaccurate; and
(b) the providing entity knows that the information is incomplete
or inaccurate, or is reckless as to whether it is incomplete or
inaccurate;
the providing entity must, in accordance with subsections (2) and
(3), warn the client that:
(c) the advice is, or may be, based on incomplete or inaccurate
information relating to the client’s relevant personal
circumstances; and
(d) because of that, the client should, before acting on the advice,
consider the appropriateness of the advice, having regard to
the client’s relevant personal circumstances.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 3 Additional requirements for personal advice provided to a retail client

Section 946A

240 Corporations Act 2001 (2) The warning must be given to the client at the same time as the
advice is provided and, subject to subsection (3), by the same
means as the advice is provided.
(3) If the Statement of Advice (see Subdivision C) is the means by
which the advice is provided, or is given to the client at the same
time as the advice is provided, the warning may be given by
including it in the Statement of Advice.
Note: The Statement of Advice must at least contain a record of the
warning—see paragraphs 947B(2)(f) and 947C(2)(g).
Subdivision C—Requirement for a Statement of Advice to be
given
946A Obligation to give client a Statement of Advice
(1) The providing entity must give the client a Statement of Advice in
accordance with this Subdivision and Subdivision D.
(2) The Statement of Advice may be:
(a) the means by which the advice is provided; or
(b) a separate record of the advice.
(3) This section has effect subject to section 946B.
946B Situations in which a Statement of Advice is not required
Further market-related advice
(1) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Statement of
Advice for particular advice (the further market-related advice) if:
(a) the providing entity is a participant in a licensed market, or is
an authorised representative of a participant in a licensed
market; and
(b) the providing entity has previously given the client a
Statement of Advice that set out the client’s relevant personal
circumstances in relation to the advice (the previous advice)
set out in that Statement; and
(c) the further market-related advice recommends that the client:
(i) acquire or dispose of, or not acquire or dispose of; or

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Section 946B

Corporations Act 2001 241 (ii) accept or refuse an offer or invitation which, if
accepted, would result in the client acquiring or
disposing of, or offering to acquire or dispose of;
securities, managed investment products or derivatives that
are able to be traded on a licensed market; and
(d) the following conditions are satisfied:
(ia) the providing entity has, either immediately before the
further market-related advice is given, or within the
preceding 12 months, checked with the client whether
the client’s objectives, financial situation and needs
have changed since the last time the providing entity
checked with the client about those matters; and
(i) the client’s relevant personal circumstances in relation
to the further market-related advice (determined having
regard to the client’s objectives, financial situation and
needs as currently known to the providing entity) are
not significantly different from the client’s relevant
personal circumstances in relation to the previous
advice; and
(ii) so far as the basis on which advice is given relates to
other matters—the basis on which the further
market-related advice is given is not significantly
different from the basis on which the previous advice
was given; and
(e) the providing entity has a reasonable belief that:
(i) the client requires the further market-related advice to
be provided promptly; or
(ii) it is in the client’s interests that the further
market-related advice be provided promptly; and
(f) either:
(i) the further market-related advice does not contain any
other kind of financial product advice; or
(ii) the only other kind of financial product advice
contained in the further market-related advice is cash
management facility advice; and
(g) the further market-related advice is given:
(i) by telephone; or
(ii) by fax; or
(iii) by e-mail; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 3 Additional requirements for personal advice provided to a retail client

Section 946B

242 Corporations Act 2001 (iv) by another kind of electronic communication specified
in regulations made for the purposes of this
subparagraph.
Note: Paragraphs 947B(2)(b) and 947C(2)(b) require a Statement of Advice
to include information about the basis on which the advice is or was
given, which may include the client’s relevant personal circumstances,
in which case paragraph (b) of this subsection would be satisfied.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1):
able to be traded on a licensed market means:
(a) in relation to securities or managed investment products—
either:
(i) the securities or products are admitted to quotation on a
licensed market and their admission to quotation is not
suspended; or
(ii) the securities or products are not admitted to quotation
on a licensed market, but are further securities or
products of a kind that are already admitted to quotation
on the market and whose admission to quotation is not
suspended; and
(b) in relation to derivatives:
(i) the standard terms of the arrangement that constitutes
the derivative are set out in the operating rules of a
licensed market; and
(ii) under the operating rules of that market, the derivatives
are able to be dealt with on the market.
cash management facility means:
(a) an interest in a registered scheme of a kind commonly known
as a cash common fund or a cash management trust; or
(b) a basic deposit product; or
(c) a bank accepted bill.
cash management facility advice means advice about the use (but
not the establishment) of a cash management facility in connection
with an acquisition or disposal of securities, managed investment
products or derivatives to which the further market-related advice
relates.
(3) However, in the same communication as is used to provide the
further market-related advice to the client, the client must be given

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Section 946C

Corporations Act 2001 243 the information that would, if a Statement of Advice were to be
given, be required to be in the Statement by paragraphs 947B(2)(d)
and (e), or 947C(2)(e) and (f), as the case requires.
(3A) The providing entity must keep a record of the further
market-related advice and, in doing so, must comply with any
applicable requirements of regulations made for the purposes of
this subsection.
Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Note 2: For the client’s right to a record of the advice, see subsections
942B(8) and 942C(8).
Certain basic deposit and other products
(5) The providing entity does not have to give the client a Statement of
Advice if the advice relates to any or all of the following:
(a) a basic deposit product;
(b) a facility for making non-cash payments (see section 763D)
that is related to a basic deposit product;
(c) a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph.
(6) However, if subsection (5) applies and the client is not given a
Statement of Advice, the client must instead, when, or as soon as
practicable after, the advice is provided, be given the information
that would be required to be in the Statement of Advice by
paragraphs 947B(2)(d) and (e), or 947C(2)(e) and (f), as the case
requires.
946C Timing of giving Statement of Advice
General rule
(1) Subject to this section, if the Statement of Advice is not the means
by which the advice is provided, the Statement of Advice must be
given to the client when, or as soon as practicable after, the advice
is provided and, in any event, before the providing entity provides
the client with any further financial service that arises out of or is
connected with that advice.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 3 Additional requirements for personal advice provided to a retail client

Section 947A

244 Corporations Act 2001 Statement of certain information if Statement of Advice not given
when advice provided
(2) If the Statement of Advice is not given to the client when the
advice is provided, the providing entity must, when the advice is
provided, give the client a statement that contains the information
that would be required to be in a Statement of Advice by
paragraphs 947B(2)(d) and (e), or 947C(2)(e) and (f), as the case
requires, and by section 947D, if applicable.
Time critical cases
(3) If:
(a) the client expressly instructs that they require a further
financial service that arises out of, or is connected with, the
advice to be provided immediately, or by a specified time;
and
(b) it is not reasonably practicable to give the Statement of
Advice to the client before that further service is provided as
so instructed;
the providing entity must give the client the Statement of Advice:
(c) unless paragraph (d) applies—within 5 days after providing
that further service, or sooner if practicable; or
(d) if that further service is the provision to the person of a
financial product and section 1019B (cooling-off period) will
apply to the acquisition of the product by the person—before
the start of the period applicable under subsection 1019B(3),
or sooner if practicable.
Subdivision D—Content of Statement of Advice
947A Title of Statement of Advice
(1) The title “Statement of Advice” must be used on the cover of, or at
or near the front of, a Statement of Advice.
(2) In any other part of a Statement of Advice, “Statement of Advice”
may be abbreviated to “SoA”.

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Section 947B

Corporations Act 2001 245
947B Statement of Advice given by financial services licensee—main
requirements
(1) This section applies if the providing entity is a financial services
licensee.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to the regulations (see
subsection (4)), the Statement of Advice must include the
following statements and information:
(a) a statement setting out the advice; and
(b) information about the basis on which the advice is or was
given; and
(c) a statement setting out the name and contact details of the
providing entity; and
(d) information about any remuneration (including commission)
or other benefits that any of the following is to receive that
might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable of
influencing the providing entity in providing the advice:
(i) the providing entity;
(ii) a related body corporate of the providing entity;
(iii) a director or employee of the providing entity or a
related body corporate;
(iv) an associate of any of the above;
(v) any other person in relation to whom the regulations
require the information to be provided; and
(e) information about:
(i) any other interests, whether pecuniary or not and
whether direct or indirect, of the providing entity or of
any associate of the providing entity; and
(ii) any associations or relationships between the providing
entity or any associate of the providing entity and the
issuers of any financial products;
that might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable
of influencing the providing entity in providing the advice;
and
(f) if section 945B requires a warning to be given to the client in
relation to the advice—a statement setting out, or recording,
the warning required by that section; and
(g) any other statements or information required by the
regulations; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 3 Additional requirements for personal advice provided to a retail client

Section 947C

246 Corporations Act 2001 (h) unless in accordance with the regulations, for information to
be disclosed in accordance with paragraph (d) and
subparagraph (e)(i), any amounts are to be stated in dollars.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), the level of detail about a matter that is
required is such as a person would reasonably require for the
purpose of deciding whether to act on the advice as a retail client.
(4) The regulations may provide all or any of the following:
(a) that a provision of subsection (2) does not apply in a
particular situation;
(b) that particular information is not required by a provision of
subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;
(c) a more detailed statement of the information that is required
by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular
situation or generally.
(5) The Statement of Advice:
(a) must also include any information required by section 947D,
if applicable; and
(b) may also include other information.
(6) The statements and information included in the Statement of
Advice must be worded and presented in a clear, concise and
effective manner.
947C Statement of Advice given by authorised representative—main
requirements
(1) This section applies if the providing entity is an authorised
representative.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to the regulations (see
subsection (4)), the Statement of Advice must include the
following statements and information:
(a) a statement setting out the advice; and
(b) information about the basis on which the advice is or was
given; and
(c) a statement setting out the name and contact details of the
providing entity; and
(d) a statement

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Section 947C

Corporations Act 2001 247 (i) setting out the name and contact details of the
authorising licensee, or of each of the authorising
licensees; and
(ii) stating that the providing entity is the authorised
representative of that licensee or those licensees; and
(e) information about the remuneration (including commission)
or other benefits that any of the following is to receive that
might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable of
influencing the providing entity in providing the advice:
(i) the providing entity;
(ii) an employer of the providing entity;
(iii) the authorising licensee, or any of the authorising
licensees;
(iv) an employee or director of the authorising licensee, or
of any of the authorising licensees;
(v) an associate of any of the above;
(vi) any other person in relation to whom the regulations
require the information to be provided; and
(f) information about:
(i) any other interests, whether pecuniary or not and
whether direct or indirect, of the providing entity, any
employer of the providing entity, the authorising
licensee or any of the authorising licensees, or of any
associate of any of those persons; and
(ii) any associations or relationships between the providing
entity, any employer of the providing entity, the
authorising licensee or any of the authorising licensees,
or any associate of any of those persons, and the issuers
of any financial products;
that might reasonably be expected to be or have been capable
of influencing the providing entity in providing the advice;
and
(g) if section 945B requires a warning to be given to the client in
relation to the advice—a statement setting out, or recording,
the warning required by that section; and
(h) any other statements or information required by the
regulations; and
(i) unless in accordance with the regulations, for information to
be disclosed in accordance with paragraph (e) and
subparagraph (f)(i), any amounts are to be stated in dollars.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 3 Additional requirements for personal advice provided to a retail client

Section 947D

248 Corporations Act 2001 (3) Subject to subsection (4), the level of detail about a matter that is
required is such as a person would reasonably require for the
purpose of deciding whether to act on the advice as a retail client.
(4) The regulations may provide all or any of the following:
(a) that a provision of subsection (2) does not apply in a
particular situation;
(b) that particular information is not required by a provision of
subsection (2), either in a particular situation or generally;
(c) a more detailed statement of the information that is required
by a provision of subsection (2), either in a particular
situation or generally.
(5) The Statement of Advice:
(a) must also include any information required by section 947D,
if applicable; and
(b) may also include other information.
(6) The statements and information included in the Statement of
Advice must be worded and presented in a clear, concise and
effective manner.
947D Additional requirements when advice recommends
replacement of one product with another
(1) This section applies (subject to subsection (4)) if the advice is or
includes a recommendation that the client dispose of, or reduce the
client’s interest in, all or part of a particular financial product and
instead acquire all or part of, or increase the client’s interest in,
another financial product.
(2) The following additional information must be included in the
Statement of Advice:
(a) information about the following, to the extent that the
information is known to, or could reasonably be found out
by, the providing entity:
(i) any charges the client will or may incur in respect of the
disposal or reduction;
(ii) any charges the client will or may incur in respect of the
acquisition or increase;

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Section 947E

Corporations Act 2001 249 (iii) any pecuniary or other benefits that the client will or
may lose (temporarily or otherwise) as a result of taking
the recommended action;
(b) information about any other significant consequences for the
client of taking the recommended action that the providing
entity knows, or ought reasonably to know, are likely;
(c) any other information required by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph;
(d) unless in accordance with the regulations, for information to
be disclosed in accordance with paragraph (a), any amounts
are to be stated in dollars.
(3) If:
(a) the providing entity knows that, or is reckless as to whether:
(i) the client will or may incur charges as mentioned in
subparagraph (2)(a)(i) or (ii); or
(ii) the client will or may lose benefits as mentioned in
subparagraph (2)(a)(iii); or
(iii) there will or may be consequences for the client as
mentioned in paragraph (2)(b); but
(b) the providing entity does not know, and cannot reasonably
find out, what those charges, losses or consequences are or
will be;
the Statement of Advice must include a statement to the effect that
there will or may be such charges, losses or consequences but the
providing entity does not know what they are.
(4) The regulations may provide either or both of the following:
(a) that this section does not apply in relation to a financial
product or a class of financial products;
(b) that this section does not require the provision of information
of a particular kind, whether generally or in relation to a
particular situation, financial product or class of financial
products.
947E Statement of Advice not to be combined with Financial
Services Guide or Product Disclosure Statement
A Statement of Advice must not be combined in a single document
with a Financial Services Guide or a Product Disclosure Statement.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 3 Additional requirements for personal advice provided to a retail client

Section 948A

250 Corporations Act 2001
Subdivision E—Other matters
948A Qualified privilege if providing entity complies with this
Division
The providing entity has qualified privilege in respect of a
statement made to the client, whether orally or in writing, in the
course of, or in connection with, providing the advice if the
providing entity has complied with all material requirements of this
Division in relation to the advice.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Other disclosure requirements Division 4

Section 949A

Corporations Act 2001 251

Division 4—Other disclosure requirements
949A General advice provided to retail client—obligation to warn
client that advice does not take account of client’s
objectives, financial situation or needs
(1) This section applies in relation to the provision of general advice
if:
(a) the advice is provided:
(i) by a financial services licensee (the providing entity); or
(ii) by an authorised representative (the providing entity) of
a financial services licensee, or of 2 or more financial
services licensees; and
(b) the advice is provided to a person (the client) as a retail
client; and
(c) the advice is not provided in circumstances specified in
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
(2) The providing entity must, in accordance with subsection (3), warn
the client that:
(a) the advice has been prepared without taking account of the
client’s objectives, financial situation or needs; and
(b) because of that, the client should, before acting on the advice,
consider the appropriateness of the advice, having regard to
the client’s objectives, financial situation and needs; and
(c) if the advice relates to the acquisition, or possible acquisition,
of a particular financial product—the client should obtain a
Product Disclosure Statement (see Division 2 of Part 7.9)
relating to the product and consider the Statement before
making any decision about whether to acquire the product.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) The warning must be given to the client at the same time as the
advice is provided and by the same means as the advice is
provided.
(4) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a
financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (1), it
is a defence if:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 4 Other disclosure requirements

Section 949B

252 Corporations Act 2001 (a) the licensee had provided the authorised representative with
information or instructions about the requirements to be
complied with in relation to the giving of personal advice;
and
(b) the representative’s failure to comply with subsection (1)
occurred because the representative was acting in reliance on
that information or those instructions; and
(c) the representative’s reliance on that information or those
instructions was reasonable.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (4). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(5) A financial services licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure
that an authorised representative of the licensee complies with
subsection (2).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
949B Regulations may impose disclosure requirements in certain
situations
(1) The regulations may impose disclosure requirements, or additional
disclosure requirements, to be complied with in any of the
following situations:
(a) a financial service related to a risk insurance product or an
investment life insurance product is provided to a person as a
retail client by a financial services licensee, or an authorised
representative of a financial services licensee, acting under a
binder;
(b) a financial services licensee, or an authorised representative
of a financial services licensee, arranges for a person’s
instructions to be carried out through a financial market or a
clearing and settlement facility (whether inside or outside
Australia) that is not a licensed market or a licensed CS
facility;
(d) a financial service is provided by a person who does not need
an Australian financial services licence because the person is
covered by an exemption under paragraph 911A(2)(k) or (l);
(e) a financial service is provided to a person as a wholesale
client.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Other disclosure requirements Division 4

Section 949B

Corporations Act 2001 253 (2) A person to whom regulations made for the purposes of
subsection (1) apply must comply with any applicable
requirements in those regulations.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a
financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (2), it
is a defence if:
(a) the licensee had provided the authorised representative with
information or instructions about the requirements to be
complied with in relation to the matter dealt with in the
requirement in the regulations; and
(b) the representative’s failure to comply with the requirement in
the regulations occurred because the representative was
acting in reliance on that information or those instructions;
and
(c) the representative’s reliance on that information or those
instructions was reasonable.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(4) A financial services licensee must take reasonable steps to ensure
that an authorised representative of the licensee complies with
subsection (2).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 6 Miscellaneous

Section 951A

254 Corporations Act 2001

Division 6—Miscellaneous
951A Part cannot be contracted out of
A condition of a contract for the acquisition of a financial product,
or for the provision of a financial service, is void if it provides that
a party to the contract is:
(a) required or bound to waive compliance with any requirement
of this Part; or
(b) taken to have notice of any contract, document or matter not
specifically referred to in a Financial Services Guide,
Statement of Advice or other document given to the party.
951B Exemptions and modifications by ASIC
(1) ASIC may:
(a) exempt a person or a class of persons from all or specified
provisions of this Part; or
(b) exempt a financial product or class of financial products from
all or specified provisions of this Part; or
(c) declare that this Part applies in relation to a person or a
financial product, or a class of persons or financial products,
as if specified provisions of this Part were omitted, modified
or varied as specified in the declaration.
(3) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified
conditions. A person to whom a condition specified in an
exemption applies must comply with the condition. The Court may
order the person to comply with the condition in a specified way.
Only ASIC may apply to the Court for the order.
(4) An exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must
publish notice of it in the Gazette.
(5) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have
constituted an offence if a particular declaration under
paragraph (1)(c) had not been made, that conduct does not
constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in
addition to complying with the gazettal requirement of
subsection (4)):

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Miscellaneous Division 6

Section 951C

Corporations Act 2001 255 (a) the text of the declaration was made available by ASIC on
the Internet; or
(b) ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the
declaration to the person.
In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the
prosecution must prove that paragraph (a) or (b) was complied with
before the conduct occurred.
(6) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:
(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to
references in this Part; and
(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that
relate to provisions of this Part.
Note: Because of section 761H, a reference to this Part or Part 10.2 also
includes a reference to regulations or other instruments made for the
purposes of this Part or Part 10.2 (as the case requires).
951C Exemptions and modifications by regulations
(1) The regulations may:
(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified
provisions of this Part; or
(b) exempt a financial product or a class of financial products
from all or specified provisions of this Part; or
(c) provide that this Part applies as if specified provisions were
omitted, modified or varied as specified in the regulations.
(2) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:
(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to
references in this Part; and
(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that
relate to provisions of this Part.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 952A

256 Corporations Act 2001

Division 7—Enforcement
Subdivision A—Offences
952A Overview
This Subdivision contains provisions creating offences by
references to various rules contained in preceding Divisions of this
Part. However, it does not create all the offences relating to those
rules, as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where
offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this
is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the
rule.
952B Definitions
(1) In this Subdivision:
defective, in relation to a disclosure document or statement, means:
(a) if the disclosure document or statement is a Financial
Services Guide, a Supplementary Financial Services Guide,
or is information or a statement required by subsection
941C(5), 941C(7) or 941D(2):
(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the
disclosure document or statement; or
(ii) if it is a Financial Services Guide—there is an omission
from the Financial Services Guide of material required
by section 942B or 942C; or
(iii) if it is a Supplementary Financial Services Guide that is
given for the purposes of paragraph 941F(d)—there is
an omission from the Supplementary Financial Services
Guide of material required by that paragraph; or
(iv) if it is information or a statement required by subsection
941C(5), 941C(7) or 941D(2)—there is an omission
from the document or statement of material required by
that subsection;
being a statement, or an omission, that is or would be
materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable
person considering whether to proceed to be provided with
the financial service concerned; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 952B

Corporations Act 2001 257 (b) if the disclosure document or statement is a Statement of
Advice, or is information or a statement required by
subsection 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2):
(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the
disclosure document or statement; or
(ii) if it is a Statement of Advice—there is an omission from
the Statement of advice of material required by
section 947B, 947C or 947D; or
(iii) if it is information or a statement required by subsection
946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2)—there is an omission
from the information or statement of material required
by that subsection or section;
being a statement, or an omission, that is or would be
materially adverse from the point of view of a reasonable
person considering whether to act in reliance on the advice
concerned.
Note: In determining whether a Financial Services Guide is defective, the
effect of section 943D must be taken into account (section 943D takes
information and statements in a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide to be included in the Financial Services Guide it supplements).
disclosure document or statement means:
(a) a Financial Services Guide; or
(b) a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; or
(c) a Statement of Advice; or
(d) information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5),
941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2).
(1A) For the avoidance of doubt, if section 941E (information must be
up to date) is not complied with in relation to a Financial Services
Guide, then, for the purposes of the definition of defective in
subsection (1):
(a) if the circumstance constituting the non-compliance is that
particular information included in the Financial Services
Guide is not as up to date as section 941E requires it to be—
the information so included constitutes a misleading
statement in the Financial Services Guide; and
(b) if the circumstance constituting the non-compliance is a
failure to include particular information that was not
previously required to be included in the Financial Services
Guide—the failure to include the information constitutes an

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 952C

258 Corporations Act 2001 omission from the Statement of material required by
section 942B or 942C.
Note 1: The effect of section 943D (information in a Supplementary Financial
Services Guide is taken to be contained in the Financial Services
Guide it supplements) must be taken into account in determining
whether section 941E is complied with in relation to a Financial
Services Guide.
Note 2: Whether the inclusion of out of date information, or the failure to
include information, results in the Financial Services Guide being
defective as defined in subsection (1) depends on whether the
materiality test set out in that definition is satisfied.
(2) In this Subdivision, a reference (including in the definitions in
subsection (1)) to a document or statement of a kind referred to in a
paragraph of the definition of disclosure document or statement in
subsection (1) includes a reference to something purporting to be a
document or statement of that kind.
952C Offence of failing to give a disclosure document or statement
Strict liability offence
(1) A person (the providing entity) commits an offence if:
(a) the providing entity is required by a provision of this Part to
give another person a disclosure document or statement (the
required disclosure document or statement); and
(b) the providing entity does not give (within the meaning of
section 940C) the other person anything purporting to be the
required disclosure document or statement by the time they
are required to do so.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
Ordinary offence
(3) A person (the providing entity) commits an offence if:
(a) the providing entity is required by a provision of this Part to
give another person a disclosure document or statement (the
required disclosure document or statement); and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 952D

Corporations Act 2001 259 (b) the providing entity does not give (within the meaning of
section 940C) the other person anything purporting to be the
required disclosure document or statement by the time they
are required to do so.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
Defence for authorised representative
(4) In any proceedings against an authorised representative of a
financial services licensee for an offence based on subsection (1) or
(3), it is a defence if:
(a) the licensee had provided the representative with information
or instructions about the giving of disclosure documents or
statements; and
(b) the representative’s failure to give the required disclosure
document or statement occurred because the representative
was acting in reliance on that information or those
instructions; and
(c) the representative’s reliance on that information or those
instructions was reasonable.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (4). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
952D Offence of giving a disclosure document or statement knowing
it to be defective
(1) A person (the providing entity), being a financial services licensee,
commits an offence if:
(a) the providing entity:
(i) gives (see subsection (3)) another person a disclosure
document or statement in circumstances in which the
document or statement is required by a provision of this
Part to be given to the other person; or
(ii) is a financial services licensee and gives (see
subsection (3)), or makes available to, another person a
disclosure document or statement, being a Financial
Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide, reckless as to whether the other person will or
may rely on the information in it; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 952E

260 Corporations Act 2001 (b) the providing entity knows that the disclosure document or
statement is defective.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
(2) An authorised representative of a financial services licensee
commits an offence if:
(a) the representative:
(i) gives (see subsection (3)) a person a disclosure
document or statement in circumstances in which the
document or statement is required by a provision of this
Part to be given to the person; or
(ii) gives (see subsection (3)), or makes available to, a
person a disclosure document or statement, being a
Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial
Services Guide, reckless as to whether the person will or
may rely on the information in it; and
(b) the representative knows that the disclosure document or
statement is defective.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
(3) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally),
and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.
952E Offence of giving a defective disclosure document or statement
(whether or not known to be defective)
(1) A person (the providing entity), being a financial services licensee,
commits an offence if:
(a) the providing entity:
(i) gives (see subsection (7)) another person a disclosure
document or statement in circumstances in which the
document or statement is required by a provision of this
Part to be given to the other person; or
(ii) is a financial services licensee and gives (see
subsection (7)), or makes available to, another person a
disclosure document or statement, being a Financial
Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 952E

Corporations Act 2001 261 Guide, reckless as to whether the other person will or
may rely on the information in it; and
(b) the disclosure document or statement is defective.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict
liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in
paragraph (1)(b).
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
(3) An authorised representative of a financial services licensee
commits an offence if:
(a) the representative gives (see subsection (7)) a person a
disclosure document or statement, being a Statement of
Advice, or information or a statement required by subsection
941C(5), 941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2), in
circumstances in which the document or statement is required
by a provision of this Part to be given to the person; and
(b) the disclosure document or statement is defective.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
(4) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (3), strict
liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in
paragraph (3)(b).
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
(5) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on
subsection (1) or (3), it is a defence if the person took reasonable
steps to ensure that the disclosure document or statement would not
be defective.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (5). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(6) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on
subsection (3), it is a defence if the disclosure document or
statement:
(a) was provided to the person by a financial services licensee
for whom they were, at that time, an authorised
representative; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 952F

262 Corporations Act 2001 (b) was defective because of information, or an omission from
information, provided to them by a financial services licensee
for whom they were, at that time, an authorised
representative.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (6). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(7) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally),
and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.
952F Offences of financial services licensee knowingly providing
defective disclosure material to an authorised
representative
(1) For the purposes of this section, a financial services licensee
provides disclosure material to an authorised representative of the
licensee if:
(a) the licensee authorises the distribution by the representative
of a disclosure document or statement, being a Financial
Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide; or
(b) the licensee provides the representative with a disclosure
document or statement, being a Statement of Advice, or
information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5),
941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2); or
(c) the licensee provides the representative with information:
(i) for the purpose of it being included by the
representative in a disclosure document or statement,
being a Statement of Advice, or information or a
statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7),
941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2); or
(ii) knowing that it is likely that it will be so included in
such a document.
(2) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being a disclosure
document or statement) to an authorised representative of the
licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b); and
(b) the licensee knows that the disclosure document or statement
is defective.
(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 952G

Corporations Act 2001 263 (a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being information)
to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned
in paragraph (1)(c); and
(b) the licensee knows that, if the information is included by the
representative as mentioned in that paragraph, the disclosure
document or statement concerned will be defective.
(4) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being information)
to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned
in paragraph (1)(c); and
(b) the information relates to a matter or matters, but the licensee
knows that it is only some of the information relating to the
matter or matters that the disclosure document or statement
concerned is required to contain; and
(c) the licensee is reckless as to whether the representative will
or may prepare the disclosure document or statement on the
basis that the information is all the information relating to the
matter or matters that the disclosure document or statement is
required to contain.
952G Offences of financial services licensee providing disclosure
material to an authorised representative (whether or not
known to be defective)
(1) For the purposes of this section, a financial services licensee
provides disclosure material to an authorised representative of the
licensee if:
(a) the licensee authorises the distribution by the representative
of a disclosure document or statement, being a Financial
Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide; or
(b) the licensee provides the representative with a disclosure
document or statement, being a Statement of Advice, or
information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5),
941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2); or
(c) the licensee provides the representative with information:
(i) for the purpose of it being included by the
representative in a disclosure document or statement,
being a Statement of Advice, or information or a

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 952G

264 Corporations Act 2001 statement required by subsection 941C(5), 941C(7),
941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2); or
(ii) knowing that it is likely that it will be so included in
such a document.
(2) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being a disclosure
document or statement) to an authorised representative of the
licensee as mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) or (b); and
(b) the disclosure document or statement is defective in a respect
that does not relate to material required to be in the document
or statement only because the representative is also the
authorised representative of another financial services
licensee.
(3) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (2), strict
liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in
paragraph (2)(b).
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
(4) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being information)
to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned
in paragraph (1)(c); and
(b) the authorised representative includes the information in the
disclosure document or statement concerned; and
(c) the disclosure document or statement is defective because it
includes that information (whether or not it is also defective
for other reasons).
(5) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (4), strict
liability applies to the physical element of the offence specified in
paragraph (4)(c).
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
(6) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee provides disclosure material (being information)
to an authorised representative of the licensee as mentioned
in paragraph (1)(c); and
(b) the information relates to a matter or matters, but it is only
some of the information relating to the matter or matters that

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 952G

Corporations Act 2001 265 the disclosure document or statement concerned is required
to contain; and
(c) the representative prepares the disclosure document or
statement on the basis that the information is all the
information relating to the matter or matters that the
disclosure document or statement is required to contain; and
(d) the disclosure document or statement is defective because it
includes only that information about the matter or matters
(whether or not it is also defective for other reasons).
(7) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (6), strict
liability applies to the physical elements of the offence specified in
paragraphs (6)(b) and (d).
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
(8) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on
subsection (2), it is a defence if the person took reasonable steps to
ensure that the disclosure document or statement would not be
defective.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (8). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(9) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on
subsection (4), it is a defence if the person took reasonable steps to
ensure that the information they provided would not be such as to
make the disclosure document or statement defective.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (9). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(10) In any proceedings against a person for an offence based on
subsection (6), it is a defence if the person took reasonable steps to
ensure that the information they provided about the matter or
matters would be all the information about the matter or matters
that the disclosure document or statement would be required to
contain.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (10). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 952H

266 Corporations Act 2001
952H Offence of financial services licensee failing to ensure
authorised representative gives disclosure documents or
statements as required
A financial services licensee commits an offence if the licensee
does not take reasonable steps to ensure that an authorised
representative of the licensee:
(a) complies with their obligations under this Part to give
disclosure documents or statements as and when required;
and
(b) without limiting paragraph (a), does not, in purported
compliance with obligations under this Part, give disclosure
documents or statements that are defective.
952I Offences if a Financial Services Guide (or Supplementary FSG)
does not comply with certain requirements
(1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee:
(i) gives (see subsection (6)) a person a Financial Services
Guide in circumstances in which it is required by a
provision of this Part to be given to the person; or
(ii) gives (see subsection (6)), or makes available to, a
person a Financial Services Guide, reckless as to
whether the person will or may rely on the information
in it; and
(b) the Financial Services Guide does not comply with
section 942A, subsection 942B(5) or 942DA(3) or paragraph
942E(b).
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
(2) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the financial services licensee authorises the distribution of a
Financial Services Guide by an authorised representative of
the licensee; and
(b) the Financial Services Guide does not comply with
section 942A, subsection 942B(5) or 942DA(3) or paragraph
942E(b).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 952J

Corporations Act 2001 267 (3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee:
(i) gives (see subsection (6)) a person a Supplementary
Financial Services Guide in circumstances in which it is
required by a provision of this Part to be given to the
person; or
(ii) gives (see subsection (6)), or makes available to, a
person a Supplementary Financial Services Guide,
reckless as to whether the person will or may rely on the
information in it; and
(b) the Supplementary Financial Services Guide does not comply
with section 943B or 943C.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
(4) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the financial services licensee authorises the distribution of a
Supplementary Financial Services Guide by an authorised
representative of the licensee; and
(b) the Supplementary Financial Services Guide does not comply
with section 943B or 943C.
(5) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), (2), (3) or
(4), strict liability applies to paragraph (b) of that subsection.
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
(6) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally),
and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.
952J Offence if a Statement of Advice does not comply with certain
requirements
(1) A financial services licensee, or an authorised representative of a
financial services licensee, commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee or representative gives (see subsection (3)) a
person a Statement of Advice in circumstances in which it is
required by a provision of this Part to be given to the person;
and
(b) the Statement of Advice does not comply with section 947A
or 947E.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 952K

268 Corporations Act 2001
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
(2) For the purposes of an offence based on subsection (1), strict
liability applies to paragraph (b) of that subsection.
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
(3) In this section, give means give by any means (including orally),
and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.
952K Offence if authorised representative gives out unauthorised
Financial Services Guide (or Supplementary FSG)
An authorised representative of a financial services licensee
commits an offence if:
(a) the representative:
(i) gives a person a Financial Services Guide, or a
Supplementary Financial Services Guide, in
circumstances in which it is required by a provision of
this Part to be given to the person; or
(ii) gives, or makes available to, a person a Financial
Services Guide, or a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide, reckless as to whether the person will or may
rely on the information in it; and
(b) the licensee has not authorised the distribution by the
representative of the Financial Services Guide or the
Supplementary Financial Services Guide.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsections 941C(1), (2) and (3). See subsection 13.3(3) of the
Criminal Code.
952L Offences if financial services licensee or authorised
representative becomes aware that a Financial Services
Guide (or Supplementary FSG) is defective
(1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee has authorised an authorised representative of the
licensee to distribute a Financial Services Guide or a
Supplementary Financial Services Guide; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 952L

Corporations Act 2001 269 (b) the licensee becomes aware that the Financial Services
Guide, or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide, is
defective; and
(c) the licensee does not, as soon as practicable, give the
representative a direction that satisfies one or more of the
following subparagraphs:
(i) a direction not to distribute the Financial Services Guide
or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide;
(ii) a direction not to distribute the Financial Services Guide
unless it is accompanied by a Supplementary Financial
Services Guide that corrects the deficiency;
(iii) a direction not to distribute the Financial Services Guide
or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide without
first altering it in a way that is specified in the direction,
being a way that corrects the deficiency and that
complies with section 942E or 943F.
(2) An authorised representative commits an offence if:
(a) the representative is given a direction under subsection (1);
and
(b) the representative does not comply with the direction.
(3) An authorised representative of a financial services licensee
commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee has authorised the representative to distribute a
Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial
Services Guide; and
(b) the representative becomes aware that the Financial Services
Guide, or the Supplementary Financial Services Guide, is
defective; and
(c) the representative does not, as soon as practicable, notify the
licensee of the particulars of the deficiency.
(4) In this section, a reference to distributing a Financial Services
Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide includes (but
is not limited to) giving or reading the document or statement to
another person in purported compliance with a requirement of this
Part.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 952M

270 Corporations Act 2001
952M Offence of unauthorised alteration of Financial Services
Guide or Supplementary Financial Services Guide
A person commits an offence if:
(a) the person engages in conduct that results in an alteration of a
Financial Services Guide or a Supplementary Financial
Services Guide that:
(i) has been prepared by or on behalf of a particular
financial services licensee; or
(ii) the distribution of which by the person has been
authorised by a particular financial services licensee;
and
(b) the alteration results in the Financial Services Guide or
Supplementary Financial Services Guide becoming defective,
or more defective than it previously was; and
(c) the alteration is not made with the authority of the licensee;
and
(d) the person, in purported compliance with a provision of this
Part, gives the altered Financial Services Guide or
Supplementary Financial Services Guide to another person.
Subdivision B—Civil liability
953A Definitions
(1) In this Subdivision:
defective, in relation to a disclosure document or statement, means:
(a) if the disclosure document or statement is a Financial
Services Guide, a Supplementary Financial Services Guide,
or is information or a statement required by subsection
941C(5), 941C(7) or 941D(2):
(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the
disclosure document or statement; or
(ii) if it is a Financial Services Guide—there is an omission
from the Financial Services Guide of material required
by section 942B or 942C; or
(iii) if it is a Supplementary Financial Services Guide that is
given for the purposes of paragraph 941F(d)—there is
an omission from the Supplementary Financial Services
Guide of material required by that paragraph; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 953A

Corporations Act 2001 271 (iv) if it is information or a statement required by subsection
941C(5), 941C(7) or 941D(2)—there is an omission
from the document or statement of material required by
that subsection; or
(b) if the disclosure document or statement is a Statement of
Advice, or is information or a statement required by
subsection 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2):
(i) there is a misleading or deceptive statement in the
disclosure document or statement; or
(ii) if it is a Statement of Advice—there is an omission from
the Statement of Advice of material required by
section 947B, 947C or 947D; or
(iii) if it is information or a statement required by subsection
946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2)—there is an omission
from the information or statement of material required
by that subsection or section.
Note: In determining whether a Financial Services Guide is defective, the
effect of section 943D must be taken into account (section 943D takes
information and statements in a Supplementary Financial Services
Guide to be included in the Financial Services Guide it supplements).
disclosure document or statement means:
(a) a Financial Services Guide; or
(b) a Supplementary Financial Services Guide; or
(c) a Statement of Advice; or
(d) information or a statement required by subsection 941C(5),
941C(7), 941D(2), 946B(3), 946B(6) or 946C(2).
(1A) For the avoidance of doubt, if section 941E (information must be
up to date) is not complied with in relation to a Financial Services
Guide, then, for the purposes of the definition of defective in
subsection (1):
(a) if the circumstance constituting the non-compliance is that
particular information included in the Financial Services
Guide is not as up to date as section 941E requires it to be—
the information so included constitutes a misleading
statement in the Financial Services Guide; and
(b) if the circumstance constituting the non-compliance is a
failure to include particular information that was not
previously required to be included in the Financial Services
Guide—the failure to include the information constitutes an

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 953B

272 Corporations Act 2001 omission from the Statement of material required by
section 942B or 942C.
Note: The effect of section 943D (information in a Supplementary Financial
Services Guide is taken to be contained in the Financial Services
Guide it supplements) must be taken into account in determining
whether section 941E is complied with in relation to a Financial
Services Guide.
(2) In this Subdivision, a reference (including in the definitions in
subsection (1)) to a document or statement of a kind referred to in a
paragraph of the definition of disclosure document or statement in
subsection (1) includes a reference to something purporting to be a
document or statement of that kind.
953B Civil action for loss or damage
(1) This section applies in the following situations:
(a) a person:
(i) is required by a provision of this Part to give another
person (the client) a disclosure document or statement
(the required disclosure document or statement); and
(ii) does not give (within the meaning of section 940C) the
client anything purporting to be the required disclosure
document or statement by the time they are required to
do so; or
(b) a person:
(i) gives another person (the client) a disclosure document
or statement that is defective in circumstances in which
a disclosure document or statement is required by a
provision of this Part to be given to the client; or
(ii) is a financial services licensee and gives, or makes
available to, another person (the client) a disclosure
document or statement, being a Financial Services
Guide or a Supplementary Financial Services Guide,
that is defective, reckless as to whether the client will or
may rely on the information in it; or
(c) a person contravenes section 945A, 945B, 949A or 949B.
In paragraph (b), give means give by any means (including orally),
and is not limited to the meaning it has because of section 940C.
(2) In a situation to which this section applies, if a person suffers loss
or damage:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial services disclosure Part 7.7
Enforcement Division 7

Section 953B

Corporations Act 2001 273 (a) if paragraph (1)(a) applies—because the client was not given
the disclosure document or statement that they should have
been given; or
(b) if paragraph (1)(b) applies—because the disclosure document
or statement the client was given was defective; or
(c) if paragraph (1)(c) applies—because of the contravention
referred to in that paragraph;
the person may, subject to subsection (6), recover the amount of
the loss or damage by action against the, or a, liable person (see
subsections (3) and (4)), whether or not that person (or anyone
else) has been convicted of an offence in respect of the matter
referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c).
(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the, or a, liable person is:
(a) if the person first-referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) is
a financial services licensee—subject to subsection (4), that
person; or
(b) if the person first-referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) is
an authorised representative of only one financial services
licensee—that financial services licensee; or
(c) if the person first-referred to in paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) is
an authorised representative of more than one financial
services licensee:
(i) if, under the rules in section 917C, one of those
licensees is responsible for the person’s conduct—that
licensee; or
(ii) if, under the rules in section 917C, 2 or more of those
licensees are jointly and severally responsible for the
person’s conduct—each of those licensees.
(3A) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(c):
(a) section 917C is taken to apply, despite section 917F; and
(b) section 917D is taken not to apply.
(4) If:
(a) paragraph (1)(b) applies; and
(b) an alteration was made to the disclosure document or
statement before it was given to the client; and
(c) the alteration made the disclosure document or statement
defective, or more defective than it would otherwise have
been; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.7 Financial services disclosure
Division 7 Enforcement

Section 953C

274 Corporations Act 2001 (d) the alteration was not made by, or with the authority of, the
person who would, but for this subsection, be the liable
person because of paragraph (3)(a);
then, so far as a person has suffered loss or damage because the
disclosure document or statement was defective because of the
alteration, the liable person is the person who made the alteration,
rather than the person referred to in paragraph (d).
(5) An action under subsection (2) may be begun at any time within 6
years after the day on which the cause of action arose.
(6) A person is not liable under subsection (2) in a situation described
in paragraph (1)(b) if the person took reasonable steps to ensure
that the disclosure document or statement would not be defective.
(7) This section does not affect any liability that a person has under
any other law.
953C Additional powers of court to make orders
(1) The court dealing with an action under subsection 953B(2) may, in
addition to awarding loss or damage under that subsection and if it
thinks it necessary in order to do justice between the parties:
(a) make an order declaring void a contract entered into by the
client referred to in that subsection for or relating to a
financial product or a financial service; and
(b) if it makes an order under paragraph (a)—make such other
order or orders as it thinks are necessary or desirable because
of that order.
(2) Without limiting paragraph (1)(b), an order under that paragraph
may include an order for the return of money paid by a person,
and/or an order for payment of an amount of interest specified in,
or calculated in accordance with, the order.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Preliminary Division 1

Section 980A

Corporations Act 2001 275

Part 7.8—Other provisions relating to conduct etc.
connected with financial products and
financial services, other than financial
product disclosure
Division 1—Preliminary
980A Matters covered by this Part
This Part contains:
(a) provisions (see Divisions 2 to 7) relating to conduct etc. of
financial services licensees; and
(b) miscellaneous provisions (see Division 8) relating to other
conduct connected with financial products and financial
services.
It does not deal with financial product disclosure (which is dealt
with in Part 7.9).
980B General approach to offence provisions
Division 9 contains provisions creating offences by reference to
various rules contained in Divisions of this Part. However, it does
not create all the offences relating to those rules, as some offences
are created by subsection 1311(1). Where offences are created by
subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this is indicated by a note
at the end of the provision containing the rule.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 2 Dealing with clients’ money

Section 981A

276 Corporations Act 2001

Division 2—Dealing with clients’ money
Subdivision A—Money other than loans
981A Money to which Subdivision applies
(1) This Subdivision applies (subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4)) to
money paid to a financial services licensee (the licensee) in the
following circumstances:
(a) the money is paid in connection with:
(i) a financial service that has been provided, or that will or
may be provided, to a person (the client); or
(ii) a financial product held by a person (the client); and
(b) the money is paid:
(i) by the client; or
(ii) by a person acting on behalf of the client; or
(iii) to the licensee in the licensee’s capacity as a person
acting on behalf of the client.
(2) This Subdivision does not apply to money paid as mentioned in
subsection (1) to the extent that:
(a) the money is paid by way of remuneration payable to the
licensee, or the licensee is entitled to deduct such
remuneration from the money; or
(b) the money is paid:
(i) to reimburse the licensee for payments made to acquire,
or acquire an increased interest in, a financial product;
or
(ii) to discharge a liability incurred by the licensee in
respect of the acquisition of a financial product or an
increased interest in a financial product, or to indemnify
the licensee in respect of such a liability; or
(c) the money is paid to acquire, or acquire an increased interest
in, a financial product from the licensee, whether by way of
issue or sale by the licensee; or
(d) Subdivision B (loan money) applies to the money.
Note: Money excluded by paragraph (c) is covered by section 1017E.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Dealing with clients’ money Division 2

Section 981B

Corporations Act 2001 277 (3) If a person pays money to a financial services licensee in order for
it to be deposited to the credit of a deposit product held by the
person or another person with the licensee, that payment does not
constitute money to which this Subdivision applies.
(4) The regulations may:
(a) exempt money paid in specified circumstances from some or
all of the provisions of this Subdivision; or
(b) declare that this Subdivision applies in relation to money
paid in specified circumstances as if specified provisions of
this Subdivision were omitted, modified or varied as set out
in the regulations.
(5) An exemption in regulations made for the purposes of
paragraph (4)(a) may be made subject to conditions specified in, or
imposed in accordance with, the regulations. The regulations may
provide for consequences of a contravention of a condition.
981B Obligation to pay money into an account
(1) The licensee must ensure that money to which this Subdivision
applies is paid into an account that satisfies these requirements:
(a) the account is:
(i) with an Australian ADI; or
(ii) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph;
and is designated as an account for the purposes of this
section of this Act; and
(b) the only money paid into the account is:
(i) money to which this Subdivision applies (which may be
money paid by, on behalf of, or for the benefit of,
several different clients); or
(ii) interest on the amount from time to time standing to the
credit of the account; or
(iii) interest, or other similar payments, on an investment
made in accordance with regulations referred to in
section 981C, or the proceeds of the realisation of such
an investment; or
(iv) other money permitted to be paid into the account by the
regulations; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 2 Dealing with clients’ money

Section 981C

278 Corporations Act 2001 (c) if regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph impose
additional requirements—the requirements so imposed by the
regulations; and
(d) if the licence conditions of the licensee’s licence impose
additional requirements—the requirements so imposed by the
licence conditions.
The money must be paid into such an account on the day it is
received by the licensee, or on the next business day.
(2) The licensee may, for the purposes of this section, maintain a
single account or 2 or more accounts.
981C Regulations may deal with various matters relating to
accounts maintained for the purposes of section 981B
The regulations may deal with all or any of the following in
relation to accounts, or a class of accounts, maintained for the
purposes of section 981B:
(a) the circumstances in which payments may be made out of an
account (including the circumstances in which money may be
withdrawn and invested, and the kinds of investment that
may be made);
(b) the minimum balance to be maintained in an account;
(c) how interest on an account is to be dealt with;
(d) how interest or other earnings on an investment of money
withdrawn from an account, or the proceeds of the realisation
of such an investment, are to be dealt with.
981D Money related to derivatives may be used for general
margining etc. purposes
Despite anything in regulations made for the purposes of
section 981C, if:
(a) the financial service referred to in subparagraph
981A(1)(a)(i) is or relates to a dealing in a derivative; or
(b) the financial product referred to in subparagraph
981A(1)(a)(ii) is a derivative;
the money concerned may also be used for the purpose of meeting
obligations incurred by the licensee in connection with margining,
guaranteeing, securing, transferring, adjusting or settling dealings

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Dealing with clients’ money Division 2

Section 981E

Corporations Act 2001 279 in derivatives by the licensee (including dealings on behalf of
people other than the client).
981E Protection of money from attachment etc.
(1) This section applies to:
(a) money to which this Subdivision applies that has been paid to
the licensee, both while it is in an account maintained for the
purposes of section 981B and before and after it is paid into
such an account; and
(b) other money in such an account as permitted by paragraph
981B(1)(b); and
(c) investments made in accordance with regulations made for
the purposes of section 981C.
(2) Money and investments to which this section applies are not
capable:
(a) of being attached or otherwise taken in execution; or
(b) of being made subject to a set-off, charge or charging order,
or to any process of a similar nature;
except at the suit of a person who is otherwise entitled to the
money or investment.
981F Regulations may deal with how money to be dealt with if
licensee ceases to be licensed etc.
The regulations may include provisions dealing with how money in
an account maintained for the purposes of section 981B, or an
investment of such money, is to be dealt with if:
(a) the licensee ceases to be a financial services licensee; or
(b) the licensee becomes insolvent, within the meaning of the
regulations; or
(c) the licensee merges with another financial services licensee;
or
(d) the licensee ceases to carry on some or all of the activities
authorised by their licence.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 2 Dealing with clients’ money

Section 981G

280 Corporations Act 2001
981G Account provider not liable merely because of licensee’s
contravention
Nothing in this Subdivision, or in regulations made for the
purposes of this Subdivision, makes the body (not being the
licensee) that the account is with under paragraph 981B(1)(a)
subject to any liability merely because of a failure by the licensee
to comply with any of the provisions of this Subdivision or those
regulations.
981H Money to which Subdivision applies taken to be held in trust
(1) Subject to subsection (3), money to which this Subdivision applies
that is paid to the licensee:
(a) by the client; or
(b) by a person acting on behalf of the client; or
(c) in the licensee’s capacity as a person acting on behalf of the
client;
is taken to be held in trust by the licensee for the benefit of the
client.
(3) The regulations may:
(a) provide that subsection (1) does not apply in relation to
money in specified circumstances; and
(b) provide for matters relating to the taking of money to be held
in trust (including, for example, terms on which the money is
taken to be held in trust and circumstances in which it is no
longer taken to be held in trust).
Subdivision B—Loan money
982A Money to which this Subdivision applies
(1) Subject to subsection (2), this Subdivision applies to money paid to
a financial services licensee (the licensee) by way of a loan from a
person (the client) in connection with activities authorised by the
licensee’s licence.
(2) If a person pays money to a financial services licensee:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Dealing with clients’ money Division 2

Section 982B

Corporations Act 2001 281 (a) in order for it to be deposited to the credit of a deposit
product held by the person or another person with the
licensee; or
(b) on condition that it is to be repaid to the person by the
licensee, as a debt, pursuant to the terms of a debenture or
other financial product issued by the licensee;
that payment does not constitute money to which this Subdivision
applies.
982B Obligation to pay money into an account
(1) The licensee must ensure that money to which this Subdivision
applies is paid into an account that satisfies these requirements:
(a) the account is:
(i) with an Australian ADI; or
(ii) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph;
and is designated as an account for the purposes of this
section of this Act; and
(b) the only money paid into the account is:
(i) money to which this Subdivision applies (which may be
money lent by several different persons); or
(ii) interest on the amount from time to time standing to the
credit of the account.
The money must be paid into such an account on the day it is
received by the licensee, or on the next business day.
(2) The licensee may, for the purposes of this section, maintain a
single account or 2 or more accounts.
982C Licensee to give client statement setting out terms of loan etc.
Obligation to give client a statement
(1) The licensee must, in accordance with the regulations, give the
client a statement setting out:
(a) the terms and conditions on which the loan is made and
accepted; and
(b) the purpose for which, and the manner in which, the licensee
is to use the money.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 2 Dealing with clients’ money

Section 982D

282 Corporations Act 2001
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Obligation to keep money in account until receive acknowledgment
of receipt of statement
(2) The licensee must not take money out of the account before the
client has given the licensee a written acknowledgment that the
client has received the statement required by subsection (1).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
982D Permitted use of loan
The licensee must only use the money:
(a) for the purpose, and in the manner, set out in the statement
given under section 982C; or
(b) for another purpose, or in another manner, agreed on in
writing by the licensee and the client after the licensee gave
the client the statement.
Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Subdivision C—Powers of Court
983A Court may freeze certain accounts
(1) The Court may, by order, restrain dealings in respect of specified
accounts with financial institutions that a person holds or maintains
(whether in Australia or elsewhere), subject to such terms and
conditions as the Court imposes, if subsection (2) or (3) applies in
relation to the person.
(2) This subsection applies to a person if, on application by ASIC, the
Court is satisfied that the person holds, or has at any time held, an
Australian financial services licence and that:
(a) there are reasonable grounds for believing that there is a
deficiency in an account maintained by the person for the
purposes of section 981B or 982B, whether the account is
maintained in this jurisdiction or elsewhere; or
(b) there has been undue delay, or unreasonable refusal, on the
person’s part in paying, applying or accounting for money as

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Dealing with clients’ money Division 2

Section 983B

Corporations Act 2001 283 provided for by this Division, by a condition of the licence,
or by the operating rules of a licensed market or a licensed
CS facility in which the person is or has been a participant; or
(c) without limiting the generality of paragraph (a) or (b), the
person has contravened section 981B or 982B.
(3) This subsection applies to a person if, on application by ASIC, the
Court is satisfied that the person holds, or has at any time held, an
Australian financial services licence and that:
(a) the licence has been revoked or suspended; or
(b) the person is incapable, through mental or physical
incapacity, of managing his or her affairs; or
(c) the person no longer carries on a financial services business;
or
(d) the person has died.
983B Interim order freezing accounts
(1) Before considering an application under section 983A, the Court
may, if it considers it desirable to do so, grant an interim order that
is an order of the kind applied for and is expressed to apply until
the application is determined.
(2) The Court must not require ASIC or any other person, as a
condition of granting an order under subsection (1), to give an
undertaking as to damages.
983C Duty of person to whom order directed to make full disclosure
If an order made under section 983A is directed to a financial
institution, the institution must:
(a) disclose to ASIC every account kept at the institution in the
name of the person to whom the order relates, and any
account that the institution reasonably suspects is held or
kept at the institution for the benefit of that person; and
(b) permit ASIC to make a copy of, or to take an extract from,
any account of the person to whom the order relates or any of
the institution’s books relating to that person.
Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 2 Dealing with clients’ money

Section 983D

284 Corporations Act 2001
983D Further orders and directions
(1) If an order is made under section 983A or 983B, the Court may, on
application by ASIC or a person whom the order affects, make a
further order that does one or more of the following:
(a) deals with such ancillary matters as the Court thinks
necessary or desirable;
(b) directs that specified amounts in an account affected by the
first-mentioned order be paid to ASIC or a person nominated
by ASIC;
(c) varies or discharges the first-mentioned order or an order
under this section.
(2) An order under this section may be made subject to such terms and
conditions as the Court imposes.
983E Power of Court to make order relating to payment of money
(1) An order made under section 983D may include directions to a
person to whom money is ordered to be paid directing that the
person:
(a) must pay the money into a separate account; or
(b) is authorised to prepare a scheme for distributing the money
to persons who claim, within 6 months after the person
receives the money, to be entitled to the money and satisfy
the person that they are so entitled; or
(c) if the money received is insufficient to pay all proved claims,
may, despite any rule of law or equity to the contrary,
apportion the money among the claimants in proportion to
their proved claims and show in the scheme how the money
is so apportioned.
(2) If a person prepares a scheme for a distribution of money under
subsection (1), the person must apply to the Court for approval of
the scheme and for directions in respect of it.
(3) The Court may, in relation to money held in a separate account
under subsection (1), give such directions as the Court thinks fit as
to:
(a) the persons to whom that money is to be paid, and in what
amounts the whole or any portion of that money is to be paid;
and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Dealing with clients’ money Division 2

Section 983E

Corporations Act 2001 285 (b) the payment of the balance of the money (if any) remaining
in the account.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 3 Dealing with other property of clients

Section 984A

286 Corporations Act 2001

Division 3—Dealing with other property of clients
984A Property to which Division applies
(1) Subject to subsection (2), this Division applies to property other
than money (for example, share certificates) given to a financial
services licensee (the licensee) in the following circumstances:
(a) the property is given in connection with:
(i) a financial service that has been provided, or that will or
may be provided, to a person (the client); or
(ii) a financial product held by a person (the client); and
(b) the property is given:
(i) by the client; or
(ii) by a person acting on behalf of the client; or
(iii) for the benefit of the client; and
(c) the licensee is accountable for the property.
(2) The regulations may:
(a) exempt property given in specified circumstances from some
or all of the provisions of this Division; or
(b) declare that this Division applies in relation to property given
in specified circumstances as if specified provisions of this
Division were omitted, modified or varied as set out in the
regulations.
The circumstances that may be specified include (but are not
limited to) that the property was given in connection with a
specified class of financial product or financial service.
(3) An exemption in regulations made for the purposes of
paragraph (2)(a) may be made subject to conditions specified in, or
imposed in accordance with, the regulations. The regulations may
provide for consequences of a contravention of a condition.
984B How property to which this Division applies is to be dealt with
(1) Subject to subsection (2), the licensee must ensure that property to
which this Division applies is only dealt with in accordance with:
(a) the requirements (if any) specified in regulations made for
the purposes of this paragraph; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Dealing with other property of clients Division 3

Section 984B

Corporations Act 2001 287 (b) subject to those requirements:
(i) the terms and conditions on which the property was
given to the licensee; and
(ii) any subsequent instructions given by the client.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) If:
(a) the financial service referred to in subparagraph
984A(1)(a)(i) is or relates to a dealing in a derivative; or
(b) the financial product referred to in subparagraph
984A(1)(a)(ii) is a derivative;
the property concerned may also be used for the purpose of
meeting obligations incurred by the licensee in connection with
margining, guaranteeing, securing, transferring, adjusting or
settling dealings in derivatives by the licensee (including dealings
on behalf of people other than the client).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 4 Special provisions relating to insurance

Section 985A

288 Corporations Act 2001

Division 4—Special provisions relating to insurance
985A Definitions etc.
(1) In this Division:
contract of insurance includes a contract of life insurance.
Note: Contract of life insurance has a meaning affected by subsection (2).
insured, in relation to a contract of life insurance, means a person
(other than the insurer) who is entitled to a benefit under the
contract, whether that person is the life insured or some other
person.
Note: Intending insured has a corresponding meaning.
(2) For the purposes of this Division, if:
(a) a life policy (within the meaning of the Life Insurance Act
1995) would not ordinarily be regarded as a contract of life
insurance; and
(b) liability under the policy is borne by a company registered
under that Act; and
(c) the policy was entered into after the commencement of
section 9D of the Insurance (Agents and Brokers) Act 1984
as in force before the commencement of this Chapter;
the policy is taken to be a contract of life insurance.
985B Status of amounts paid to financial services licensees in respect
of contracts of insurance
(1) If:
(a) a contract of insurance is arranged or effected by a financial
services licensee; and
(b) the licensee is not the insurer;
payment to the licensee of money payable (whether in respect of a
premium or otherwise) by the insured under or in relation to the
contract is a discharge, as between the insured and the insurer, of
the liability of the insured to the insurer in respect of that money.
(2) Payment to a financial services licensee by or on behalf of an
intending insured of money (whether in respect of a premium or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Special provisions relating to insurance Division 4

Section 985C

Corporations Act 2001 289 otherwise) in respect of a contract of insurance to be arranged or
effected by the licensee with an insurer (not being the licensee) is a
discharge, as between the insured and the insurer, of any liability
of the insured under or in respect of the contract, to the extent of
the amount of the payment.
(3) Payment by an insurer to a financial services licensee of money
payable to an insured, whether in respect of a claim, return of
premiums or otherwise, under or in relation to a contract of
insurance, does not discharge any liability of the insurer to the
insured in respect of that money.
(4) An agreement, so far as it purports to alter or restrict the operation
of subsection (1), (2) or (3), is void.
(5) Subsection (4) does not make void an agreement between a
financial services licensee and an insured in so far as the agreement
allows the licensee to set off against money payable to the insured
money payable by the insured to the licensee in respect of
premiums.
985C Regulations may impose other requirements etc. if financial
services licensee is not the insurer
(1) The regulations may impose requirements to be complied with by a
financial services licensee in relation to, or make other provision
dealing with, a situation specified in subsection (2) that arises in
relation to a contract or proposed contract of insurance under
which the licensee is not the insurer.
(2) The situations are as follows:
(a) the licensee receives an amount as a premium or instalment
of premium;
(b) the licensee does not receive an amount as a premium or
instalment of premium by a particular time;
(c) the licensee is not aware of the amount of a premium or
instalment of premium that is to be paid;
(d) the licensee receives money from the insured or intending
insured but the risk or part of the risk has not been accepted
by a particular time;
(e) the licensee receives money from the insurer for payment to
or on behalf of the insured.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 5 Obligations to report

Section 986A

290 Corporations Act 2001

Division 5—Obligations to report
986A Reporting in relation to money to which Subdivision A or B of
Division 2 applies or property to which Division 3 applies
The regulations may impose reporting requirements to be complied
with by a financial services licensee in relation to money to which
Subdivision A or B of Division 2 applies or property to which
Division 3 applies.
986B Reporting in relation to dealings in derivatives
The regulations may impose reporting requirements to be complied
with by a financial services licensee in relation to dealings in
derivatives on behalf of other people.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Financial records, statements and audit Division 6

Section 987A

Corporations Act 2001 291

Division 6—Financial records, statements and audit
Subdivision A—Preliminary
987A Application of Division
(1) This Division applies in relation to a financial services licensee and
a financial services business carried on by the licensee, whether
that business is carried on in this jurisdiction or elsewhere.
(2) This Division does not affect, and is to be taken never to have
affected, the operation of Chapter 2M in relation to a company that
is a financial services licensee or in relation to a financial services
business that is carried on by such a company.
Subdivision B—Financial records of financial services licensees
988A Obligation to keep financial records
(1) A financial services licensee must (subject to subsection (2)):
(a) keep financial records that correctly record and explain the
transactions and financial position of the financial services
business carried on by the licensee; and
(b) keep those records in accordance with the requirements of
this Subdivision; and
(c) comply with the requirements of this Subdivision in relation
to conversion of records into the English language (see
subsection 988C(2)).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The licensee does not contravene a requirement of this Subdivision
merely because some or all of the records are kept as a part of, or
in conjunction with, the records relating to any other business that
is carried on by the licensee.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 6 Financial records, statements and audit

Section 988B

292 Corporations Act 2001
988B Records to be kept so that profit and loss statements and
balance sheet can be prepared and audited
The records must be kept in a way that:
(a) enables true and fair profit and loss statements, and balance
sheets, of the financial services business of the licensee to be
prepared from time to time; and
(b) allows those statements and balance sheets to be
conveniently and properly audited.
988C Language of records
(1) The records must be kept in writing in the English language, or in a
manner that enables them to be readily accessible and readily
converted into writing in the English language.
(2) If any of the records are not kept in writing in the English
language, the licensee must, if required to convert the records
concerned into writing in the English language by a person who is
entitled to examine the records concerned, comply with the
requirement within a reasonable time.
988D Location of records
If any of the records are kept outside this jurisdiction, the licensee
must:
(a) cause to be sent to and kept at a place in this jurisdiction such
particulars with respect to the business dealt with in those
records as will enable true and fair profit and loss statements
and balance sheets to be prepared; and
(b) if required by ASIC to produce those records at a place in
this jurisdiction, comply with the requirement not later than
28 days after the requirement is made.
988E Particular categories of information to be shown in records
The records must be kept in sufficient detail to show particulars of:
(a) all money received or paid by the licensee, including money
paid to, or disbursed from, an account maintained for the
purposes of section 981B or 982B; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Financial records, statements and audit Division 6

Section 988F

Corporations Act 2001 293 (b) all acquisitions and disposals of financial products made by
the licensee, the charges and credits arising from them, and
the names of the person acquiring or disposing of each of
those products; and
(c) all income received by the licensee from commissions,
interest, and other sources, and all expenses, commissions,
and interest paid by the licensee; and
(d) all the assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities)
of the licensee; and
(e) all securities or managed investment products that are the
property of the licensee, showing by whom the securities or
products, or the documents of title to the securities or
products, are held and, if they are held by some other person,
whether or not they are held as security against loans or
advances; and
(f) all securities or managed investment products that are not the
property of the licensee and for which the licensee or a
nominee controlled by the licensee is accountable, showing:
(i) by whom, and for whom, the securities or products, or
the documents of title to the securities or products, are
held; and
(ii) the extent to which they are either held for safe custody
or deposited with a third party as security for loans or
advances made to the licensee; and
(g) such other matters (if any) as are specified in regulations
made for the purposes of this paragraph.
988F Regulations may impose additional requirements
The regulations may impose additional requirements to be
complied with in relation to the records including, for example,
requirements for things to be contained in the records, and
requirements relating to the level of detail to be shown in the
records.
988G Records taken to be made with licensee’s authority
An entry in the records is, unless the contrary is proved, to be taken
to have been made by, or with the authority of, the licensee.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 6 Financial records, statements and audit

Section 989A

294 Corporations Act 2001
Subdivision C—Financial statements of financial services
licensees
989A Meaning of financial year
In this Subdivision:
financial year, in relation to a financial services licensee, means:
(a) if the licensee is not a body corporate—a year ending on
30 June; and
(b) if the licensee is a body corporate—a financial year of the
body corporate.
989B Financial services licensee to prepare and lodge annual profit
and loss statement and balance sheet
(1) A financial services licensee must, in respect of each financial
year, prepare a true and fair profit and loss statement and balance
sheet in accordance with this Subdivision.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1).
(2) The licensee must lodge the statement and balance sheet with
ASIC in accordance with this Subdivision.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1).
(3) The licensee must, with the statement and balance sheet, lodge an
auditor’s report with ASIC containing the information and matters
required by the regulations.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1).
989C Requirements as to contents and applicable accounting
principles
The profit and loss statement and the balance sheet must:
(a) contain the information that is required by the regulations;
and
(b) be prepared in accordance with any requirements in the
regulations as to the accounting principles to be used.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Financial records, statements and audit Division 6

Section 989CA

Corporations Act 2001 295
989CA Audit to be conducted in accordance with auditing standards
(1) If an individual auditor, or an audit company, conducts an audit of
a profit and loss statement and balance sheet for the purposes of
this Subdivision, the individual auditor or audit company must:
(a) conduct the audit in accordance with the auditing standards;
and
(b) include in the audit report on the profit and loss statement,
and balance sheet, any statements or disclosures required by
the auditing standards.
(2) If an audit firm, or an audit company, conducts an audit of a profit
and loss statement and balance sheet for the purposes of this
Subdivision, the lead auditor for the audit or review must ensure
that:
(a) the audit is conducted in accordance with the auditing
standards; and
(b) the audit report on the profit and loss statement, and balance
sheet, includes any statements or disclosures required by the
auditing standards.
(3) An offence based on subsection (1) or (2) is an offence of strict
liability.
Note: For strict liability see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
989D Time of lodgment
(1) Unless an extension is granted under subsection (3), the profit and
loss statement and the balance sheet must be lodged before:
(a) if the licensee is not a body corporate—the day that is 2
months after the end of that financial year; or
(b) if the licensee is a body corporate—the day that is 3 months
after the end of that financial year.
(2) If an extension is granted under subsection (3), the profit and loss
statement and the balance sheet must be lodged before the end of
the extended period.
(3) ASIC may, on application made:
(a) by a financial services licensee and the licensee’s auditor;
and
(b) before the end of the period that would otherwise apply;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 6 Financial records, statements and audit

Section 990A

296 Corporations Act 2001 approve an extension of the period for lodging the profit and loss
statement and balance sheet. The extension may be of the period
originally applicable or the period applicable under a previous
extension.
(4) An approval under subsection (3) may be given subject to such
conditions (if any) as ASIC imposes.
(5) If an approval under subsection (3) is given subject to conditions,
the licensee must comply with those conditions.
Subdivision D—Appointment etc. of auditors
990A Certain provisions of this Subdivision do not apply to a body
corporate (other than a proprietary company) to which
section 327 applies
If:
(a) a financial services licensee is a body corporate to which
section 327 applies; and
(b) the licensee is not a proprietary company;
nothing in sections 990B to 990H applies to the licensee.
990B Appointment of auditor by licensee
(1) A financial services licensee must, within 1 month after beginning
to hold the licence, appoint as auditor or auditors to audit the
licensee’s financial statements:
(a) a person or persons; or
(b) a firm or firms; or
(c) a person or persons and a firm or firms.
Subsections (4) and (5) must be complied with in relation to the
appointment.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Within 14 days after a vacancy occurs in the office of an auditor of
the licensee, if there is no surviving or continuing auditor of the
licensee, the licensee must appoint:
(a) a person or persons; or
(b) a firm or firms; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Financial records, statements and audit Division 6

Section 990B

Corporations Act 2001 297 (c) a person or persons and a firm or firms;
to fill the vacancy. Subsections (4) and (5) must be complied with
in relation to the appointment.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) While a vacancy in the office of an auditor of the licensee
continues, the surviving or continuing auditor or auditors (if any)
may act.
(4) The licensee must not appoint as auditor a person who, or firm that,
is ineligible by virtue of regulations made for the purposes of
section 990C to act as auditor of the licensee.
(5) The licensee must not appoint a person or firm as auditor of the
licensee unless that person or firm has, before the appointment,
consented by written notice given to the licensee to act as auditor
and has not withdrawn the consent by written notice given to the
licensee.
(6) The licensee must, within 14 days after an appointment of a person
or firm as auditor, lodge a written notice with ASIC stating that the
licensee has made the appointment and specifying the name of the
person or firm.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(7) The regulations may include provisions (including provisions
imposing obligations) dealing with matters related to the
appointment of a firm as auditor, including, for example:
(a) taking certain members of the firm to have been appointed as
auditors; and
(b) the effect of a dissolution and reconstitution of the firm; and
(c) requiring a member of the firm who retires or withdraws to
continue to act as auditor in certain circumstances; and
(d) how a report, notice or other document is to be made or
given.
(8) Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (7) may also
include provisions modifying the effect of provisions of this
Subdivision in relation to matters dealt with in those regulations.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 6 Financial records, statements and audit

Section 990C

298 Corporations Act 2001
990C When a person or firm is ineligible to act as auditor
A person or firm is ineligible to act as auditor of the licensee if
regulations made for the purposes of this section provide that the
person or firm is ineligible so to act.
990D Ineligible person or firm must not consent to act or disqualify
themselves etc.
(1) A person or firm, while ineligible to act as auditor of the licensee,
must not:
(a) consent to be appointed as auditor of the licensee; or
(b) act as auditor of the licensee; or
(c) prepare a report that an auditor of the licensee is to prepare
under this Part.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) A person must not:
(a) if the person has been appointed auditor of the licensee—
disqualify himself or herself, while the appointment
continues, from acting as auditor of the licensee; or
(b) if the person is a member of a firm that has been appointed
auditor of the licensee—disqualify the firm, while the
appointment continues, from acting as auditor of the licensee.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
990E Duration of appointment of auditors
An auditor of the licensee holds office until:
(a) death; or
(b) removal in accordance with section 990F; or
(c) resignation in accordance with sections 990G and 990H; or
(d) becoming prohibited by subsection 990D(1) from acting as
auditor of the licensee;
whichever occurs first.
990F Removal of auditors
The licensee:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Financial records, statements and audit Division 6

Section 990G

Corporations Act 2001 299 (a) must remove an auditor of the licensee from office if the
auditor becomes ineligible to act as auditor of the licensee;
and
(b) may, with ASIC’s consent, remove an auditor of the licensee
from office.
Note: Failure to comply with paragraph (a) is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
990G Resignation of auditors—requirements for resignation
(1) An auditor of the licensee may, by written notice given to the
licensee, resign as auditor of the licensee if:
(a) the auditor has, by written notice given to ASIC, applied for
consent to the resignation and, at or about the same time as
the auditor gave notice to ASIC, gave written notice of the
application to the licensee; and
(b) ASIC has consented and the auditor has received notice of
ASIC’s consent.
(2) ASIC must, as soon as practicable after receiving an application
from an auditor under subsection (1), notify the auditor and the
licensee whether it consents to the resignation.
(3) A statement by an auditor in an application under subsection (1), or
in answer to an inquiry by ASIC relating to the reasons for the
application:
(a) is not admissible in evidence in any civil or criminal
proceedings in a court against the auditor other than
proceedings for a contravention of section 1308; and
(b) may not be made the ground of a prosecution (other than a
prosecution for a contravention of section 1308), action or
suit against the auditor.
(4) A certificate by ASIC that a statement was made in an application
under subsection (1), or in answer to an inquiry by ASIC relating
to the reasons for such an application, is conclusive evidence that
the statement was so made.
990H Resignation of auditors—when resignation takes effect
The resignation of an auditor of the licensee takes effect on:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 6 Financial records, statements and audit

Section 990I

300 Corporations Act 2001 (a) if the notice of resignation specifies a date as the date the
resignation is to take effect—the date so specified; or
(b) the date on which ASIC gives its consent to the resignation;
or
(c) if ASIC has fixed a date as the date the resignation is to take
effect—the date so fixed;
whichever last occurs.
990I Auditor’s right of access to records, information etc.
(1) An auditor of the licensee has a right of access at all reasonable
times to the financial records or other records (including any
register) of the licensee.
(2) An auditor of the licensee is entitled to require:
(a) from the licensee; or
(b) if the licensee is a body corporate—from any senior manager
of the licensee;
such assistance and explanations as the auditor desires for the
purposes of audit.
(3) The licensee, or a senior manager of the licensee if it is a body
corporate, must not:
(a) refuse or fail to allow an auditor of the licensee access, in
accordance with subsection (1), to financial records or other
records of the licensee; or
(b) refuse or fail to give assistance, or an explanation, to an
auditor of the licensee as and when required under
subsection (2); or
(c) otherwise hinder, obstruct or delay an auditor of the licensee
in the performance or exercise of the auditor’s duties or
powers.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
990J Auditor’s fees and expenses
(1) The reasonable fees and expenses of an auditor of the licensee are
payable by the licensee.
(2) The auditor may recover those fees by action against the licensee.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Financial records, statements and audit Division 6

Section 990K

Corporations Act 2001 301
990K Auditor to report on certain matters
(1) If an auditor, in the performance of duties as auditor of the
licensee, becomes aware of a matter referred to in subsection (2),
the auditor must, within 7 days after becoming aware of the matter,
lodge a written report on the matter with ASIC and send a copy of
the report to the licensee, and to each licensed market (if any) and
each licensed CS facility (if any) in which the licensee is a
participant.
Note: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) A report must be given in relation to any matter that, in the opinion
of the auditor:
(a) has adversely affected, is adversely affecting or may
adversely affect the ability of the licensee to meet the
licensee’s obligations as a licensee; or
(b) constitutes or may constitute a contravention of:
(i) a provision of Subdivision A or B of Division 2 (or a
provision of regulations made for the purposes of such a
provision); or
(ii) a provision of Division 3 (or a provision of regulations
made for the purposes of such a provision); or
(iii) a provision of Subdivision B or C of this Division (or a
provision of regulations made for the purposes of such a
provision); or
(iv) a condition of the licensee’s licence; or
(c) constitutes an attempt to unduly influence, coerce,
manipulate or mislead the auditor in the conduct of the audit.
990L Qualified privilege for auditor etc.
Qualified privilege for auditor
(1) An auditor of the licensee has qualified privilege in respect of:
(a) a statement that the auditor makes, orally or in writing, in the
course of the auditor’s duties as auditor; or
(b) the lodging of a report under subsection 990K(1); or
(c) the sending of a report to:
(i) the licensee; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 6 Financial records, statements and audit

Section 990L

302 Corporations Act 2001 (ii) a licensed market or a licensed CS facility;
under subsection 990K(1); or
(d) a disclosure made by the auditor in response to a notice given
to the auditor under subsection 225A(5) of the ASIC Act.
Note: If the auditor is an audit company, the company has qualified privilege
under this subsection in respect of statements made, and reports
lodged or sent, by individuals on behalf of the company if those
statements and notices can be properly attributed to the company.
Qualified privilege for registered company auditor acting on
behalf of audit company
(2) If the auditor of the licensee is an audit company, a registered
company auditor acting on behalf of the company has qualified
privilege in respect of:
(a) a statement that the registered company auditor makes (orally
or in writing) in the course of the performance, on behalf of
the company, of the company’s duties as auditor; or
(b) the lodging by the registered company auditor, on behalf of
the company, of a report under subsection 990K(1); or
(c) the sending by the registered company auditor, on behalf of
the company, of a report to:
(i) the licensee; or
(ii) a licensed market or a licensed CS facility;
under subsection 990K(1); or
(d) a disclosure made by the registered company auditor in
response to a notice given to the audit company under
subsection 225A(5) of the ASIC Act.
Qualified privilege for subsequent publication
(3) A person has qualified privilege in respect of the publishing of a
document:
(a) prepared by an auditor of the licensee in the course of the
auditor’s duties as auditor; or
(b) required by or under this Chapter to be lodged with ASIC
(whether or not the document has been so lodged).
(4) A person has qualified privilege in respect of the publishing of a
statement:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Financial records, statements and audit Division 6

Section 990L

Corporations Act 2001 303 (a) made by an auditor of the licensee as mentioned in
subsection (1); or
(b) a statement made by a registered company auditor as
mentioned in subsection (2).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 7 Other rules about conduct

Section 991A

304 Corporations Act 2001

Division 7—Other rules about conduct
991A Financial services licensee not to engage in unconscionable
conduct
(1) A financial services licensee must not, in or in relation to the
provision of a financial service, engage in conduct that is, in all the
circumstances, unconscionable.
(2) If a person suffers loss or damage because a financial services
licensee contravenes subsection (1), the person may recover the
amount of the loss or damage by action against the licensee.
(3) An action under subsection (2) may be begun at any time within 6
years after the day on which the cause of action arose.
(4) This section does not affect any liability that a person has under
any other law.
991B Financial services licensee to give priority to clients’ orders
(1) This section applies if:
(a) a person (the client) has instructed a financial services
licensee to buy or sell financial products of a particular class
that are able to be traded on a licensed market; and
(b) the licensee has not complied with the instruction; and
(c) the client is not an associate of the licensee; and
(d) regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph do not
exclude those financial products from this section.
(2) The financial services licensee must not, except as permitted by
subsection (3):
(a) enter into a transaction of purchase or sale of financial
products of that class either on their own behalf or on behalf
of an associate of the licensee; or
(b) instruct another person to enter into a transaction of purchase
or sale of financial products of that class on behalf of the
licensee or an associate of the licensee.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Other rules about conduct Division 7

Section 991C

Corporations Act 2001 305 (3) Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to the entering into of a
transaction, or the giving of an instruction, by the licensee if:
(a) the client’s instructions required the purchase or sale to be
effected only on specified conditions relating to price and the
licensee has been unable to comply with the instructions
because of those conditions; or
(b) the transaction, or the giving of the instruction, is permitted
by regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
991C Regulations may deal with various matters relating to
instructions to deal through licensed markets
The regulations may do all or any of the following in relation to
instructions received by financial services licensees to deal in
financial products through licensed markets:
(a) impose requirements relating to the order in which
instructions are to be transmitted to a licensed market or to
another financial services licensee who is a participant in a
licensed market;
(b) impose requirements relating to the order in which dealings
that have been effected on a licensed market are to be
allocated to instructions;
(c) prohibit the disclosure of instructions in specified
circumstances.
991D Regulations may require records to be kept in relation to
instructions to deal on licensed markets and foreign
markets
The regulations may impose requirements for the keeping of
records relating to all or any of the following:
(a) instructions received by financial services licensees to deal in
financial products through licensed markets or through other
financial markets (whether inside or outside Australia);
(b) the execution of such instructions;
(c) the transmission of such instructions.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 7 Other rules about conduct

Section 991E

306 Corporations Act 2001
991E Obligations of financial services licensee in relation to dealings
with non-licensees
Obligation to disclose if acting on own behalf
(1) Subject to the regulations, a financial services licensee must not,
either personally or through an authorised representative, enter into
a financial product transaction on their own behalf:
(a) that relates to a financial product that is able to be traded on a
licensed market; and
(b) that is with a person (the non-licensee) who is not a financial
services licensee or an authorised representative;
if:
(c) the licensee has not (in accordance with any applicable
regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a))
disclosed to the non-licensee the fact that the licensee will be
acting on their own behalf in the proposed dealing; or
(d) the non-licensee has not (in accordance with any applicable
regulations made for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b))
consented to the licensee so acting in the proposed dealing.
If the licensee is acting through an authorised representative, the
disclosure referred to in paragraph (c) may instead be given by the
representative.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The regulations may deal with either or both of the following:
(a) how a disclosure referred to in paragraph (1)(c) is to be
made;
(b) how a consent referred to in paragraph (1)(d) is to be given.
Obligation not to charge fee
(3) If a financial services licensee, either personally or through an
authorised representative, enters into a transaction of sale or
purchase of financial products on their own behalf:
(a) that relates to a financial product that is able to be traded on a
licensed market; and
(b) that is with a person (the non-licensee) who is not a financial
services licensee or an authorised representative;

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Other rules about conduct Division 7

Section 991F

Corporations Act 2001 307 the licensee must only charge the non-licensee a brokerage,
commission or other fee in respect of the transaction if the charge
is permitted by the regulations.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Person may rescind contract if section contravened
(4) If subsection (1) or (3) is contravened in relation to a transaction
(whether or not anyone is convicted of an offence in respect of the
contravention), the non-licensee may, subject to subsection (5),
rescind the contract effecting the transaction, unless the contract
was for the purchase of financial products by the non-licensee and
the non-licensee has disposed of those products.
(5) The right under subsection (4) to rescind the contract:
(a) can only be exercised during the period of 14 days starting
on:
(i) unless subparagraph (ii) applies—the day on which the
contract was entered into; or
(ii) if regulations made for the purposes of this
subparagraph specify a later day—that later day; and
(b) is to be exercised by notice in writing to the licensee.
(6) Nothing in subsections (4) and (5) affects any other right that a
person has.
Regulations may require records to be kept in relation to
transactions entered into by licensee on own behalf
(7) The regulations may impose requirements for the keeping of
records relating to financial products transactions entered into by a
financial services licensee on their own behalf.
991F Dealings involving employees of financial services licensees
(1) Subject to the regulations, a financial services licensee and an
employee of the licensee must not, on their own behalves, jointly
acquire a financial product.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 7 Other rules about conduct

Section 991F

308 Corporations Act 2001 (2) Subject to the regulations, a financial services licensee must not
give credit to an employee of the licensee, or to a person who they
know is an associate of an employee of the licensee, if:
(a) the credit is given for the purpose of enabling the person to
whom the credit is given to acquire a financial product; or
(b) the licensee knows or has reason to believe that the credit
will be used for the purpose of acquiring a financial product.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) Subject to the regulations, a person:
(a) who is an employee of a financial services licensee that is a
participant in a licensed market; and
(b) who is so employed in connection with a business of dealing
in financial products;
must only, on their own behalf, acquire or agree to acquire a
financial product of a kind that is able to be traded on that market if
the licensee acts as the agent of the person in respect of the
acquisition.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) In this section, a reference to an employee of a financial services
licensee includes, for a licensee that is a body corporate, a
reference to an officer of the body.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Miscellaneous Division 8

Section 992A

Corporations Act 2001 309

Division 8—Miscellaneous
992A Prohibition on hawking of certain financial products
(1) A person must not offer financial products for issue or sale in the
course of, or because of, an unsolicited meeting with another
person.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to offering of securities, hawking of
which is prohibited by section 736, or to offering of managed
investment products, hawking of which is prohibited by
section 992AA.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(3) A person must not make an offer to issue or sell a financial product
in the course of, or because of:
(aa) an unsolicited telephone call to another person; or
(ab) an unsolicited contact with another person in another way
that is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this
paragraph;
unless the other person has been:
(a) contacted only during the hours prescribed by the regulations
and only if the person is not listed on the “No Contact/No
Call” register in relation to the person making the contact;
and
(b) given an opportunity to:
(i) register on a “No Contact/No Call” register maintained
by the person making the contact at no cost to that
person; and
(ii) select the time and frequency of any future contacts; and
(c) given a Product Disclosure Statement before becoming
bound to acquire a financial product; and
(d) clearly informed of the importance of using the information
in the Product Disclosure Statement when making a decision
to acquire a financial product; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 8 Miscellaneous

Section 992A

310 Corporations Act 2001 (e) given the option of having the information in the Product
Disclosure Statement read out to that person.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3A) Neither subsection (1) nor (3) applies to an offer of financial
products if the offer is not to a retail client.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(4) In addition to other penalties for breaches of this section, a failure
to comply with this section gives the other person a right of return
and refund exercisable within 1 month after the expiry date of the
relevant cooling-off period for the financial product, or one month
and fourteen days in the event that no cooling-off period applies to
the financial product, subject to the following provisions:
(a) on the exercise of the right to return the product:
(i) if the product is constituted by a legal relationship
between the client and the issuer of the product—that
relationship is, by force of this subsection, terminated
with effect from that time without penalty to the client;
and
(ii) any contract for the acquisition of the product by the
client is, by force of this subsection, terminated with
effect from that time without penalty to the client;
(b) the regulations may provide for consequences and
obligations (in addition to those provided for in
paragraph (a)) to apply if the right to return a financial
product is exercised;
(c) the regulations may do any or all of the following:
(i) provide that a specified subclass of financial products
that would otherwise be covered by this subsection is
excluded from this subsection;
(ii) provide additional requirements to be satisfied before
this subsection applies in relation to a class or subclass
of financial products;
(iii) provide that this subsection does not apply in relation to
the provision of a financial product in specified
circumstances.
(5) For the purposes of this section:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Miscellaneous Division 8

Section 992AA

Corporations Act 2001 311 (a) a reference to offering a financial product for issue (or
offering to issue a financial product) includes a reference to
inviting an application for the issue of the financial product;
and
(b) a reference to offering a financial product for sale (or
offering to sell a financial product) includes a reference to
inviting an offer to purchase the financial product.
992AA Prohibition of hawking of managed investment products
(1) A person must not offer interests in managed investment schemes
for issue or sale in the course of, or because of:
(a) an unsolicited meeting with another person; or
(b) an unsolicited telephone call to another person;
unless the offer is exempted under subsection (2).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an offer of interests in managed
investment schemes if:
(a) the offer is not to a retail client;
(b) the offer is an offer of interests in a listed managed
investment scheme made by telephone by a financial services
licensee; or
(c) the offer is made to a client by a financial services licensee
through whom the client has acquired or disposed of an
interest in a managed investment scheme in the previous 12
months.
(3) For the purposes of this section:
(a) a reference to offering interests in a managed investment
scheme for issue includes a reference to inviting an
application for the issue of interests in the scheme; and
(b) a reference to offering interests in a managed investment
scheme for sale includes a reference to inviting an offer to
purchase interests in the scheme.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 8 Miscellaneous

Section 992B

312 Corporations Act 2001
992B Exemptions and modifications by ASIC
(1) ASIC may:
(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified
provisions of this Part; or
(b) exempt a financial product or class of financial products from
all or specified provisions of this Part; or
(c) declare that this Part applies in relation to a person or a
financial product, or a class of persons or financial products,
as if specified provisions of this Part were omitted, modified
or varied as specified in the declaration.
(3) An exemption may apply unconditionally or subject to specified
conditions. A person to whom a condition specified in an
exemption applies must comply with the condition. The Court may
order the person to comply with the condition in a specified way.
Only ASIC may apply to the Court for the order.
(4) An exemption or declaration must be in writing and ASIC must
publish notice of it in the Gazette.
(5) If conduct (including an omission) of a person would not have
constituted an offence if a particular declaration under
paragraph (1)(c) had not been made, that conduct does not
constitute an offence unless, before the conduct occurred (in
addition to complying with the gazettal requirement of
subsection (4)):
(a) the text of the declaration was made available by ASIC on
the Internet; or
(b) ASIC gave written notice setting out the text of the
declaration to the person.
In a prosecution for an offence to which this subsection applies, the
prosecution must prove that paragraph (a) or (b) was complied with
before the conduct occurred.
(6) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:
(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to
references in this Part; and
(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that
relate to provisions of this Part.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Miscellaneous Division 8

Section 992C

Corporations Act 2001 313
Note: Because of section 761H, a reference to this Part or Part 10.2 also
includes a reference to regulations or other instruments made for the
purposes of this Part or Part 10.2 (as the case requires).
992C Exemptions and modifications by regulations
(1) The regulations may:
(a) exempt a person or class of persons from all or specified
provisions of this Part; or
(b) exempt a financial product or a class of financial products
from all or specified provisions of this Part; or
(c) provide that this Part applies as if specified provisions were
omitted, modified or varied as specified in the regulations.
(2) For the purpose of this section, the provisions of this Part include:
(a) definitions in this Act, or in the regulations, as they apply to
references in this Part; and
(b) any provisions of Part 10.2 (transitional provisions) that
relate to provisions of this Part.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.8 Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products
and financial services, other than financial product disclosure
Division 9 Enforcement

Section 993A

314 Corporations Act 2001

Division 9—Enforcement
993A Overview
This Division contains provisions creating offences by reference to
various rules contained in preceding Divisions of this Part.
However, it does not create all the offences relating to those rules,
as some offences are created by subsection 1311(1). Where
offences are created by subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this
is indicated by a note at the end of the provision containing the
rule.
993B Offence of failing to pay client money into an account as
required
Strict liability offence
(1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee is required by subsection 981B(1) to pay
particular money into an account in accordance with that
subsection; and
(b) the licensee does not pay the money into an account in
accordance with that subsection.
(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
Ordinary offence
(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee is required by subsection 981B(1) to pay
particular money into an account in accordance with that
subsection; and
(b) the licensee does not pay the money into an account in
accordance with that subsection.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Other provisions relating to conduct etc. connected with financial products and financial
services, other than financial product disclosure Part 7.8
Enforcement Division 9

Section 993C

Corporations Act 2001 315
993C Offence of failing to comply with requirements relating to
client money account
Strict liability offence
(1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if the licensee
contravenes a requirement in regulations made for the purposes of
section 981C.
(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
Ordinary offence
(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) a requirement in regulations made for the purposes of
section 981C applies to the licensee; and
(b) the licensee contravenes the requirement.
993D Offence of failing to pay loan money into an account as
required
Strict liability offence
(1) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee is required by subsection 982B(1) to pay
particular money into an account in accordance with that
subsection; and
(b) the licensee does not pay the money into an account in
accordance with that subsection.
(2) An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.
Note: For strict liability, see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.
Ordinary offence
(3) A financial services licensee commits an offence if:
(a) the licensee is required by subsection 982B(1) to pay
particular money into an account in accordance with that
subsection; and
(b) the licensee does not pay the money into an account in
accordance with that subsection.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 1 Preliminary

Section 1010A

316 Corporations Act 2001

Part 7.9—Financial product disclosure and other
provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 1—Preliminary
1010A Part generally does not apply to securities
(1) Apart from section 1017F and Divisions 5A and 6 (and provisions
of Division 7 that apply in relation to that section or provisions of
those Divisions), nothing in this Part applies in relation to
securities.
Note: Chapters 6CA and 6D provide for disclosure in relation to securities.
(2) Apart from section 1017F and Divisions 5A and 6, nothing in this
Part applies in relation to debentures, stocks or bonds issued or
proposed to be issued by a government.
Note: These financial products are not securities within the meaning of
section 761A.
1010B Part does not apply to financial products not issued in the
course of a business
(1) Apart from Division 5A, nothing in this Part applies in relation to a
financial product that is not or was not issued, or that will not be
issued, in the course of a business of issuing financial products.
(2) For this purpose, the issue of:
(a) any managed investment product; or
(b) any superannuation product;
is taken to occur in the course of a business of issuing financial
products.
1010C Special provisions about meaning of sale and offer
(1) For the purposes of this Part, a reference to a sale or purchase of a
financial product is a reference to a sale of the product by, or a
purchase of the product from, a person who has (whether by issue

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Preliminary Division 1

Section 1010D

Corporations Act 2001 317 or otherwise) acquired the product. The issue of a financial product
is not a sale of the financial product.
(2) For the purposes of this Part:
(a) a reference to offering to issue a financial product includes a
reference to inviting an application for the issue of the
financial product; and
(b) a reference to offering to sell a financial product includes a
reference to inviting an offer to purchase the financial
product.
1010D General approach to offence provisions
Division 7 contains provisions creating offences by reference to
various rules contained in Divisions of this Part. However, it does
not create all the offences relating to those rules, as some offences
are created by subsection 1311(1). Where offences are created by
subsection 1311(1) in relation to a rule, this is indicated by a note
at the end of the provision containing the rule.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1011A

318 Corporations Act 2001

Division 2—Product Disclosure Statements
Subdivision A—Preliminary
1011A Jurisidictional scope of Division
(1) Subject to subsection (2), sections 1012A, 1012B and 1012C only
apply in relation to offers and recommendations referred to in those
sections that are received in this jurisdiction.
(2) Section 1012B also applies in relation to issues referred to in
subparagraph 1012B(3)(a)(iii) that are made in this jurisdiction.
(3) The regulations may make provision dealing with the jurisdictional
scope of some or all of the other provisions of this Division. The
other provisions of this Division have effect subject to any such
regulations.
1011B Definitions
In this Division:
issue Statement has the meaning given by subsection 1013A(1).
offer has a meaning affected by sections 1010C and 1011C.
regulated person, in relation a financial product, means:
(a) an issuer of the financial product; or
(b) a seller of the financial product if the sale takes place in
circumstances described in subsection 1012C(5), (6) or (8)
(secondary sales that require a Product Disclosure
Statement); or
(c) any financial services licensee; or
(d) any authorised representative of a financial services licensee;
or
(f) any person who is not required to hold an Australian
financial services licence because the person is covered by:
(i) paragraph 911A(2)(j); or
(ii) an exemption in regulations made for the purposes of
paragraph 911A(2)(k); or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1011C

Corporations Act 2001 319 (iii) an exemption specified by ASIC for the purposes of
paragraph 911A(2)(l); or
(g) any person who is required to hold an Australian financial
services licence but who does not hold such a licence.
responsible person for a Product Disclosure Statement has the
meaning given by subsection 1013A(3).
sale has a meaning affected by section 1010C.
sale Statement has the meaning given by subsection 1013A(2).
1011C Treatment of offers of options over financial products
For the purposes of this Division:
(a) an offer of an option over a financial product is not to be
taken to be an offer of the underlying financial product; and
(b) the grant of an option without an offer of the option is taken
to be an offer of the option; and
(c) an offer to grant an option is taken to be an offer to issue the
financial product constituted by the option.
Subdivision B—Requirement for a Product Disclosure
Statement to be given
1012A Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement—personal
advice recommending particular financial product
Section sets out recommendation situation in which Product
Disclosure Statement required
(1) This section sets out the situations in which giving financial
product advice that consists of, or includes, a recommendation to
acquire a financial product gives rise to an obligation on a
regulated person to give another person a Product Disclosure
Statement for the product.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012B

320 Corporations Act 2001 (2) For the purposes of this Division:
(a) each of the situations is a recommendation situation; and
(b) the relevant conduct for that situation is the making of the
recommendation; and
(c) the client for that situation is the person to whom the advice
is provided.
Personal advice recommending a particular financial product
(3) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure
Statement for a financial product if:
(a) the regulated person provides financial product advice to the
person that consists of, or includes, a recommendation that
the person acquire the financial product; and
(b) the person would acquire the financial product by way of:
(i) the issue of the product to the person (rather than the
transfer of the product to the person); or
(ii) the transfer of the product to the person in
circumstances described in subsection 1012C(5), (6) or
(8) (secondary sales that require a Product Disclosure
Statement); and
(c) the financial advice is provided to the client as a retail client;
and
(d) the financial product advice is personal advice to the client.
The Product Disclosure Statement must be given at or before the
time when the regulated person provides the advice and must be
given in accordance with this Division.
This section has effect subject to other provisions
(4) This section has effect subject to sections 1012D, 1012DA, 1012E,
1012F, 1012G and 1014E.
1012B Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement—situations
related to issue of financial products
Section sets out issue situations in which Product Disclosure
Statement required
(1) This section sets out situations in which:
(a) an offer relating to the issue of a financial product; or

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012B

Corporations Act 2001 321 (b) the issue of a financial product;
gives rise to an obligation on a regulated person to give another
person a Product Disclosure Statement for the product.
(2) For the purposes of this Division:
(a) each of the situations is an issue situation; and
(b) the relevant conduct for that situation is the conduct by the
regulated person that gives rise to the obligation to give the
Product Disclosure Statement; and
(c) the client for that situation is the person to whom the
financial product is to be or is issued.
The main issue situations
(3) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure
Statement for a financial product if:
(a) the regulated person:
(i) offers to issue the financial product to the person; or
(ii) offers to arrange for the issue of the financial product to
the person; or
(iii) issues the financial product to the person in
circumstances in which there are reasonable grounds to
believe that the person has not been given a Product
Disclosure Statement for the product; and
(b) the financial product is, or is to be, issued to the person as a
retail client.
The Product Disclosure Statement must be given at or before the
time when the regulated person makes the offer, or issues the
financial product, to the person and must be given in accordance
with this Division.
Note: If a Product Disclosure Statement is given when the offer is made, it
will not need to be given again when the product is issued to the
person (see subsection 1012D(1)) unless the Product Disclosure
Statement that was given is no longer up to date.
Receiving offer to acquire financial product
(4) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure
Statement for a financial product if:
(a) the person makes an offer to the regulated person to acquire
the financial product; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012C

322 Corporations Act 2001 (b) the person would acquire the financial product by way of the
issue of the product to the person (rather than the transfer of
the product to the person); and
(c) the financial product is to be issued to the person as a retail
client.
The Product Disclosure Statement must be given to the person
before the person becomes bound by a legal obligation to acquire
the financial product pursuant to the offer and must be given in
accordance with this Division.
This section has effect subject to other provisions
(5) This section has effect subject to sections 1012D, 1012E, 1012F,
1012G and 1014E.
1012C Obligation to give Product Disclosure Statement—offers
related to sale of financial products
Section sets out sale situations in which Product Disclosure
Statement required
(1) This section sets out situations in which an offer relating to the sale
of a financial product gives rise to an obligation on a regulated
person to give another person a Product Disclosure Statement for
the product.
(2) For the purposes of this Division:
(a) each of the situations is a sale situation; and
(b) the relevant conduct for that situation is the offer; and
(c) the client for that situation is the person to whom the product
is to be sold.
Sale offers that require a Product Disclosure Statement
(3) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure
Statement for a financial product if:
(a) the regulated person offers to sell the financial product to the
person; and
(b) a sale of the product to the person pursuant to the offer would
take place in circumstances covered by subsection (5), (6) or
(8); and

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012C

Corporations Act 2001 323 (c) the financial product is to be sold to the person as a retail
client.
The Product Disclosure Statement must be given at or before the
time when the regulated person makes the offer and must be given
in accordance with this Division.
(4) A regulated person must give a person a Product Disclosure
Statement for a financial product if:
(a) the person makes an offer to the regulated person to acquire
the financial product; and
(b) the person would acquire the financial product by way of the
transfer of the product to the person; and
(c) a sale of the product to the person pursuant to the offer would
take place in the circumstances described in subsection (5),
(6) or (8); and
(d) the financial product is to be sold to the person as a retail
client.
The Product Disclosure Statement must be given to the person
before the person becomes bound by a legal obligation to acquire
the financial product pursuant to the offer and must be given in
accordance with this Division.
Off-market sale by controller
(5) This subsection covers the circumstances in which:
(a) the seller controls the issuer of the financial product; and
(b) either:
(i) the product is not able to be traded on any licensed
market; or
(ii) although the product is able to be traded on a licensed
market, the offer is not made in the ordinary course of
trading on a licensed market.
Note: See section 50AA for when a person controls a body.
Sale amounting to indirect issue
(6) This subsection covers the circumstances in which:
(a) the offer is made within 12 months after the issue of the
financial product; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012C

324 Corporations Act 2001 (b) the product was issued without a Product Disclosure
Statement for the product being prepared; and
(c) either:
(i) the issuer issued the product with the purpose of the
person to whom it was issued selling or transferring the
product, or granting, issuing or transferring interests in,
or options or warrants over, the product; or
(ii) the person to whom the product was issued acquired it
with the purpose of selling or transferring the product,
or granting, issuing or transferring interests in, or
options or warrants over, the product.
The purpose test in subsection (6)
(7) For the purposes of subsection (6):
(a) a financial product is taken to be:
(i) issued with the purpose referred to in
subparagraph (6)(c)(i); or
(ii) acquired with the purpose referred to in
subparagraph (6)(c)(ii);
if there are reasonable grounds for concluding that the
product was issued or acquired with that purpose (whether or
not there were or may have been other purposes for the issue
or acquisition); and
(b) without limiting paragraph (a), a financial product is taken to
be:
(i) issued with the purpose referred to in
subparagraph (6)(c)(i); or
(ii) acquired with the purpose referred to in
subparagraph (6)(c)(ii);
if the financial product, or any financial product of the same
kind that was issued at the same time, is subsequently sold,
or offered for sale, within 12 months after issue, unless it is
proved that the circumstances of the issue and the subsequent
sale or offer are not such as to give rise to reasonable grounds
for concluding that the product was issued or acquired with
that purpose.
Sale amounting to indirect off-market sale by controller
(8) This subsection covers the circumstances in which:

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012C

Corporations Act 2001 325 (a) the offer is made within 12 months after the sale of the
financial product by a person (the controller) who controlled
the issuer of the product at the time of the sale; and
(b) either:
(i) at the time of the sale by the controller, the product was
not able to be traded on any licensed market; or
(ii) although the product was able to be traded on a licensed
market at that time, the sale by the controller did not
occur in the ordinary course of trading on a licensed
market; and
(c) a Product Disclosure Statement was not prepared by, or on
behalf of, the controller before the sale of the product by the
controller; and
(d) either:
(i) the controller sold the product with the purpose of the
person to whom it was sold selling or transferring the
product, or granting, issuing or transferring interests in,
or options or warrants over, the product; or
(ii) the person to whom the controller sold the product
acquired it with the purpose of selling or transferring the
product, or granting, issuing or transferring interests in,
or options or warrants over, the product.
Note: See section 50AA for when a person controls a body.
The purpose test in subsection (8)
(9) For the purposes of subsection (8):
(a) a financial product is taken to be:
(i) sold with the purpose referred to in
subparagraph (8)(d)(i); or
(ii) acquired with the purpose referred to in
subparagraph (8)(d)(ii);
if there are reasonable grounds for concluding that the
product was sold or acquired with that purpose (whether or
not there were or may have been other purposes for the sale
or acquisition); and
(b) without limiting paragraph (a), a financial product is taken to
be:
(i) sold with the purpose referred to in
subparagraph (8)(d)(i); or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012D

326 Corporations Act 2001 (ii) acquired with the purpose referred to in
subparagraph (8)(d)(ii);
if the financial product, or any financial product of the same
kind that was sold by the controller at the same time, is
subsequently sold, or offered for sale, within 12 months after
issue, unless it is proved that the circumstances of the initial
sale and the subsequent sale or offer are not such as to give
rise to reasonable grounds for concluding that the product
was sold or acquired (in the initial sale) with that purpose.
This section has effect subject to other provisions
(10) This section has effect subject to sections 1012D, 1012DA, 1012E
and 1014E.
1012D Situations in which Product Disclosure Statement is not
required
Recommendation, issue or sale situation—client has already
received an up to date Product Disclosure Statement
(1) In a recommendation situation, issue situation or sale situation, the
regulated person does not have to give the client a Product
Disclosure Statement if:
(a) the client has already received a Product Disclosure
Statement that contains all of the information that the
first-mentioned Product Disclosure Statement would be
required to contain; or
(b) the regulated person believes on reasonable grounds that
paragraph (a) applies.
Recommendation, issue or sale situation—client has or has access
to up to date information
(2) In a recommendation situation, issue situation or sale situation, the
regulated person does not have to give the client a Product
Disclosure Statement for the financial product if:
(a) the client already holds a financial product of the same kind;
and
(b) the regulated person believes on reasonable grounds that the
client has received, or has, and knows that they have, access

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012D

Corporations Act 2001 327 to, all of the information that the first-mentioned Product
Disclosure Statement would be required to contain through:
(i) a Product Disclosure Statement; and
(ii) information provided to the client under section 1017B,
1017C or 1017D or through continuous disclosure under
Chapter 6CA.
Note: Paragraph (a)—see subsection (10).
Recommendation or issue situation—interests in self-managed
superannuation funds
(2A) In a recommendation situation or issue situation, the regulated
person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure
Statement for the financial product if:
(a) the financial product is an interest in a self-managed
superannuation fund; and
(b) the regulated person believes on reasonable grounds that the
client has received, or has, and knows that they have, access
to, all of the information that the Product Disclosure
Statement would be required to contain.
Recommendation, issue or sale situation—no information required
to be in Product Disclosure Statement
(2B) In a recommendation situation, issue situation or sale situation, the
regulated person does not have to give the client a Product
Disclosure Statement for the financial product if, because of
section 1013F, no information would be required to be included in
the Statement.
Recommendation or issue situation—certain offers to present
holders
(3) In a recommendation situation or issue situation, the regulated
person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure
Statement for the financial product if:
(a) the client already holds a financial product of the same kind;
and
(b) either:
(i) in a recommendation situation—the advice that
constitutes the relevant conduct relates to an offer made

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012D

328 Corporations Act 2001 under a distribution reinvestment plan or switching
facility; or
(ii) in an issue situation—the offer or issue that constitutes
the relevant conduct is made under a distribution
reinvestment plan or switching facility.
Note: Paragraph (a)—see subsection (10).
Recommendation, issue or sale situation—no consideration to be
provided
(5) In a recommendation situation, an issue situation or a sale
situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a
Product Disclosure Statement if:
(a) no consideration is to be provided for the issue or sale of the
financial product; and
(b) the financial product is not an option and is:
(i) a managed investment product; or
(ii) a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations
made for the purposes of this subparagraph.
(6) In a recommendation situation, an issue situation or a sale
situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a
Product Disclosure Statement if:
(a) the financial product is an option; and
(b) no consideration is to be provided for the issue or sale of the
financial product; and
(c) no consideration is to be provided for the underlying
financial product on the exercise of the option.
Issue or sale situation—takeovers
(7) In an issue situation or a sale situation, the regulated person does
not have to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement if:
(a) the financial product is:
(i) a managed investment product; or
(ii) an option to acquire, by way of transfer, a share in a
body, a debenture of a body or a legal or equitable right
or interest in a share in a body or a debenture of a body;
and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012D

Corporations Act 2001 329 (b) the offer that constitutes the relevant conduct is made as
consideration for an offer made under a takeover bid under
Chapter 6; and
(c) the offer is accompanied by a bidder’s statement.
Note: Although a Product Disclosure Statement is not needed, disclosures
must be made in the bidder’s document under section 636.
Recommendation, issue or sale situation—responsible entity an
exempt body
(8) In a recommendation situation, an issue situation or a sale
situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a
Product Disclosure Statement if:
(a) the financial product is a financial product described in
paragraph 764A(1)(ba) (which relates to certain managed
investment schemes that are not registered schemes); and
(b) the holder of the office (by whatever name it is known), in
relation to the managed investment scheme, that corresponds
most closely to the office of responsible entity of a registered
scheme is an exempt body; and
(c) in the case of a recommendation situation or an issue
situation—either:
(i) the recommendation that constitutes the relevant
conduct relates to an offer made by the office holder
referred to in paragraph (b); or
(ii) the offer that constitutes the relevant conduct is made by
or to the office holder referred to in paragraph (b).
Note 1: Section 66A defines exempt body.
Note 2: In the case of a sale situation, there is no additional requirement
equivalent to paragraph (c).
Recommendation or issue situation—interim contracts of insurance
(9) In a recommendation situation or an issue situation, the regulated
person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure
Statement if the financial product is an interim contract of
insurance (as defined in subsection 11(2) of the Insurance
Contracts Act 1984).
Note: This does not detract from the obligation to give a Product Disclosure
Statement relating to any contract of insurance that replaces or
supersedes the interim contract.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012D

330 Corporations Act 2001 Recommendation, issue or sale situation—client is associated with
registered scheme
(9A) In a recommendation situation, an issue situation or a sale
situation, the regulated person does not have to give the client a
Product Disclosure Statement if:
(a) the financial product is a managed investment product; and
(b) the client is associated (within the meaning of
subsection (9B)) with the scheme’s responsible entity.
(9B) For the purposes of subsection (9A), the client is associated with
the scheme’s responsible entity if the client is:
(a) a senior manager of the responsible entity or of a related
body corporate; or
(b) a spouse, parent, child, brother or sister of a person who is a
senior manager of the responsible entity or a related body
corporate; or
(c) a body corporate controlled by a person referred to in
paragraph (a) or (b).
Interpretation
(10) For the purposes of this section:
(a) a financial product (other than a managed investment product
or a superannuation product) is of the same kind as another
financial product only if they are both issued:
(i) by the same issuer; and
(ii) on the same terms and conditions (other than price); and
(b) a managed investment product, or a superannuation product,
is of the same kind as another product only if the other
product is an interest in the same scheme or fund; and
(c) a reference to information that a Product Disclosure
Statement would be required to contain includes a reference
to information that would be required to be in any statement
that the Product Disclosure Statement would be required to
contain.

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012DA

Corporations Act 2001 331
1012DA Product Disclosure Statement not required for sale
amounting to indirect issue
Product Disclosure Statement not required
(1) In a recommendation situation or sale situation, the regulated
person does not have to give the client a Product Disclosure
Statement if:
(a) but for subsection (5), (11) or (12), the regulated person
would be required by section 1012A or 1012C to give a
Product Disclosure Statement for the relevant product; and
(b) the transfer or sale of the financial product (the relevant
product) to the client would take place in circumstances
covered by subsection 1012C(6); and
(c) the relevant product was not issued by the issuer with the
purpose referred to in subparagraph 1012C(6)(c)(i); and
(d) a determination under subsection (2) was not in force in
relation to the issuer of the relevant product at the time when
the relevant product was issued.
Determination by ASIC
(2) ASIC may make a determination under this subsection if ASIC is
satisfied that in the previous 12 months the issuer of the relevant
product contravened any of the following provisions:
(a) the provisions of Chapter 2M as they apply to the issuer (or,
if the relevant financial product is an interest in a registered
scheme, as those provisions apply to the scheme);
(b) section 674 or 675 as it applies to the issuer (or, if the
relevant financial product is an interest in a registered
scheme, as that section applies to the scheme);
(c) section 1016E, 1021D, 1021E or 1021J;
(d) subsection (9) of this section;
(e) section 1308 as it applies to a notice under subsection (5) of
this section.
(3) The determination must be made in writing and a copy must be
published in the Gazette as soon as practicable after the
determination is made.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012DA

332 Corporations Act 2001 (4) A failure to publish a copy of the determination does not affect the
validity of the determination.
Transfer or sale of quoted securities—case 1
(5) The regulated person does not have to give the client a Product
Disclosure Statement if:
(a) the relevant product is in a class of financial products that
were quoted securities at all times in the 12 months before
the day on which the relevant product was issued; and
(b) trading in that class of financial products on a prescribed
financial market on which they were quoted was not
suspended for more than a total of 5 days in that 12 months;
and
(c) no exemption under section 111AS or 111AT covered the
issue of the relevant product, or any person as director or
auditor of the issuer, at any time in that 12 months; and
(d) no order under section 340 or 341 covered the issuer of the
relevant product, or any person as director or auditor of the
issuer, at any time in that 12 months; and
(e) the issuer of the relevant product gives the relevant market
operator for the issuer a written notice that complies with
subsection (6) before the day on which the relevant conduct
occurs.
(6) A notice complies with this subsection if the notice:
(a) is given within 5 business days after the day on which the
relevant product was issued; and
(b) states that the relevant product was issued without a Product
Disclosure Statement for the relevant product being prepared;
and
(c) states that the notice is being given under paragraph (5)(e);
and
(d) states that, as a disclosing entity, the issuer of the relevant
product is subject to regular reporting and disclosure
obligations; and
(e) states that, as at the date of the notice, the issuer of the
relevant product has complied with:
(i) the provisions of Chapter 2M as they apply to the issuer
(or, if the relevant financial product is an interest in a

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012DA

Corporations Act 2001 333 registered scheme, as those provisions apply to the
scheme); and
(ii) section 674 as it applies to the issuer (or, if the relevant
financial product is an interest in a registered scheme, as
that section applies to the scheme); and
(f) sets out any information that is excluded information as at the
date of the notice (see subsections (7) and (8)).
Note 1: A person is taken not to contravene section 1021C if a notice purports
to comply with this subsection but does not actually comply with this
subsection: see subsection 1021C(5).
Note 2: A notice must not be false or misleading in a material particular, or
omit anything that would render it misleading in a material respect:
see sections 1308 and 1309. The issuer has an obligation to correct a
defective notice: see subsection (9) of this section.
(7) For the purposes of subsection (6), excluded information is
information:
(a) that has been excluded from a continuous disclosure notice in
accordance with the listing rules of the relevant market
operator to whom that notice is required to be given; and
(b) that a person would reasonably require for the purpose of
making a decision, as a retail client, whether to acquire the
relevant product.
(8) The notice given under subsection (5) must contain any excluded
information only to the extent to which it is reasonable for a person
considering, as a retail client, whether to acquire the relevant
product to expect to find the information in a Product Disclosure
Statement.
Obligation to correct defective notice
(9) The issuer of the relevant product contravenes this subsection if:
(a) the notice given under subsection (5) is defective; and
(b) the issuer becomes aware of the defect in the notice within 12
months after the relevant product is issued; and
(c) the issuer does not, within a reasonable time after becoming
aware of the defect, give the relevant market operator a
notice that sets out the information necessary to correct the
defect.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012DA

334 Corporations Act 2001 (10) For the purposes of subsection (9), the notice under subsection (5)
is defective if the notice:
(a) does not comply with paragraph (6)(f); or
(b) is false or misleading in a material particular; or
(c) has omitted from it a matter or thing the omission of which
renders the notice misleading in a material respect.
Transfer or sale of quoted securities—case 2
(11) The regulated person does not have to give the client a Product
Disclosure Statement if:
(a) the relevant product is in a class of financial products that are
quoted securities of the issuer; and
(b) either:
(i) a Product Disclosure Statement required to be given by
section 1012B is lodged with ASIC on or after the day
on which the relevant product is issued but before the
day on which the relevant conduct occurs; or
(ii) a Product Disclosure Statement required to be given by
section 1012B is lodged with ASIC before the day on
which the relevant product is issued and, on the day on
which the relevant product is issued, the Product
Disclosure Statement is still being used by the issuer of
the relevant product for offers of financial products in
the same class of financial products as the relevant
product; and
(c) the Product Disclosure Statement is for a financial product of
the issuer of the relevant product that is in the same class of
financial products as the relevant product.
Transfer or sale of quoted securities—case 3
(12) The regulated person does not have to give the client a Product
Disclosure Statement if:
(a) a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product was
given under section 1012B; and
(b) the relevant product was issued to:
(i) a person (the underwriter) named in that Product
Disclosure Statement as an underwriter of the issue of
the financial product; or

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012E

Corporations Act 2001 335 (ii) a person nominated by the underwriter; and
(c) the relevant product was issued to the underwriter, or the
person nominated by the underwriter, at or about the time
that persons who applied for the financial product under that
Product Disclosure Statement were issued with that product;
and
(d) the relevant product is in a class of financial products that
were quoted securities of the issuer.
1012E Small scale offerings of managed investment and other
prescribed financial products (20 issues or sales in 12
months)
(1) This section applies only to financial products that are:
(a) managed investment products; or
(b) financial products of a kind prescribed by regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph.
(2) Personal offers of financial products do not need a Product
Disclosure Statement under this Part if:
(a) all of the financial products are issued by the same person
(the issuer); and
(b) none of the offers results in a breach of the 20 purchasers
ceiling (see subsections (6) and (7)); and
(c) none of the offers results in a breach of the $2 million ceiling
(see subsections (6) and (7)).
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to an offer to which subsection
1012C(6) (sale amounting to indirect issue) or (8) (sale amounting
to indirect sale by controller) applies.
Note: Under section 1012K, ASIC may make a determination aggregating
the transactions of bodies that ASIC considers to be closely related.
(4) If subsection (2) applies to an offer of a financial product, a
recommendation to a person to acquire a financial product in
response to a personal offer of that kind does not need a Product
Disclosure Statement under this Part.
(5) For the purposes of subsections (2) and (4), a personal offer is one
that:
(a) may only be accepted by the person to whom it is made; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012E

336 Corporations Act 2001 (b) is made to a person who is likely to be interested in the offer,
having regard to:
(i) previous contact between the person making the offer
and that person; or
(ii) some professional or other connection between the
person making the offer and that person; or
(iii) statements or actions by that person that indicate that
they are interested in offers of that kind.
(6) An offer to issue, or arrange for the issue of, a financial product:
(a) results in a breach of the 20 purchasers ceiling if it results in
the number of people to whom the issuer has issued financial
products exceeding 20 in any 12 month period; and
(b) results in a breach of the $2 million ceiling if it results in the
amount raised by the issuer from issuing financial products
exceeding $2 million in any 12 month period.
(7) An offer by a person to sell a financial product:
(a) results in a breach of the 20 purchasers ceiling if it results in
the number of people to whom the person sells financial
products issued by the issuer of that financial product
exceeding 20 in any 12 month period; and
(b) results in a breach of the $2 million ceiling if it results in the
amount raised by the person from selling financial products
issued by the issuer of that financial product exceeding $2
million in any 12 month period.
(8) In counting issues and sales of the financial products issued by the
issuer, and the amount raised from issues and sales, for the
purposes of subsection (2), disregard issues and sales that result
from offers that:
(a) do not need a Product Disclosure Statement (otherwise than
because of this section); or
(b) are made under a Product Disclosure Statement.
Note: Also see provisions on restrictions on advertising (section 1018A) and
the anti-hawking provisions in section 992A.
(9) In counting issues and sales of the financial products issued by the
issuer, and the amount raised from issues and sales, for the
purposes of subsection (2), disregard any issues and sales made by
a body if:

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012F

Corporations Act 2001 337 (a) the body was a managed investment scheme (but not a
registered scheme) at the time that the offer of interests in the
scheme that resulted in the issues or sales was made; and
(b) the body became a registered scheme within 12 months after
that offer was made; and
(c) the offer would not have required a Product Disclosure
Statement (otherwise than because of this section) if the
managed investment scheme had been a registered scheme at
the time that the offer was made.
(10) In working out the amount of money raised by the issuer from
issuing financial products, include the following:
(a) the amount payable for the financial products at the time
when they are issued;
(b) if the financial product is an option—any amount payable on
the exercise of the option;
(c) if the financial products carry a right to convert the financial
product into other financial products—any amount payable
on the exercise of that right.
(11) If a person relies on subsection (2) to make offers of financial
products without a Product Disclosure Statement under this Part,
the person must not issue, arrange for the issue of, or transfer,
financial products without a Product Disclosure Statement under
this Part if the issue or transfer would result in a breach of the 20
purchasers ceiling or the $2 million ceiling (see subsections (6),
(7), (8), (9) and (10)).
(12) For the purposes of this section, an offer of a financial product is
an offer to:
(a) issue the financial product; or
(b) arrange for the issue of the financial product; or
(c) sell the financial product.
1012F Product Disclosure Statement for certain superannuation
products may be provided later
In a recommendation situation or an issue situation in which the
financial product is a superannuation product of a kind specified in
regulations made for the purposes of this section, the regulated
person:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012G

338 Corporations Act 2001 (a) need not give the client the Product Disclosure Statement at
or before the time when it would otherwise be required to be
given; and
(b) must give the client the Product Disclosure Statement as soon
as is reasonably practicable and in any event within 3 months
after the product is issued to the client; and
(c) need not give the client the Product Disclosure Statement at
all if the client ceases to be a member of the superannuation
fund concerned before the regulated person is required to
give the Product Disclosure Statement under paragraph (b).
1012G Product Disclosure Statement may sometimes be provided
later
(1) The regulated person may deal with a financial product under this
section only if:
(a) the financial product is one for which an application form is
not required under section 1016A and section 1019B (cooling
off period) will apply if the client enters into a legal
obligation to acquire the product pursuant to the
recommendation or offer that constitutes the relevant
conduct; or
(b) the financial product is:
(i) a basic deposit product; or
(ii) a facility for making non-cash payments (see
section 763D) that is related to a basic deposit product;
or
(iii) a financial product of a kind prescribed by regulations
made for the purposes of this subparagraph.
(2) In a recommendation situation or an issue situation, the regulated
person need not give the client a Product Disclosure Statement for
the financial product at or before the time when it would otherwise
be required to be given if:
(a) the client expressly instructs the regulated person that they
require:
(i) in a recommendation situation—the advice constituting
the recommendation; or
(ii) in an issue situation—the financial product;

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012H

Corporations Act 2001 339 to be provided or issued immediately, or by a specified time;
and
(b) it is not reasonably practicable, while complying with the
client’s instructions, to give the client the Product Disclosure
Statement at or before the time when it would otherwise be
required to be given.
The regulated person must comply with subsection (3) instead.
(3) The regulated person must:
(a) at or before the time referred to in paragraph (2)(b), orally
communicate the following information to the client:
(i) the name and contact details of the issuer of the
financial product; and
(ii) information about the essential features of the financial
product; and
(iii) the information that would be required to be in a
Product Disclosure Statement for the financial product
by paragraphs 1013D(1)(c), (d), (g) and (i); and
(b) give the client the Product Disclosure Statement as soon as
practicable after that time, and in any event not later than:
(i) the time when the confirmation requirement (if
applicable) is complied with; or
(ii) the end of the fifth day after the day on which the
financial product was issued or sold to the client.
(3A) The information referred to in paragraph (3)(a) must be
communicated in a clear, concise and effective manner.
(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(b), the confirmation requirement
is complied with when:
(a) the client receives confirmation, as mentioned in paragraph
1017F(5)(a), of the transaction by which they acquired the
financial product; or
(b) confirmation of that transaction is available to the client by a
facility as mentioned in paragraph 1017F(5)(b).
1012H Obligation to take reasonable steps to ensure that Product
Disclosure Statement is given to person electing to be
covered by group financial product
(1) This section covers the situation in which a financial product:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012I

340 Corporations Act 2001 (a) is issued to a person; and
(b) covers, or is designed to cover, a group of people; and
(c) may cover a particular person (the new group member) if the
person elects to be covered by the financial product.
(2) The issuer must take reasonable steps to ensure that the new group
member is given a Product Disclosure Statement for the financial
product in accordance with this Division before the new group
member makes an election to be covered by the financial product.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) For the purposes of this section, a person is covered by a financial
product if benefits are, or may be, provided under the financial
product directly to:
(a) the person; or
(b) a relative of the person; or
(c) a person nominated by the person.
1012I Obligation to give employer a Product Disclosure Statement
in relation to certain superannuation products and RSA
products
(1) At or before the time when a person (the applicant) becomes a
standard employer-sponsor of a superannuation entity, the person
(the issuer) who is to provide the superannuation products to the
applicant’s employees must give the applicant a Product Disclosure
Statement in accordance with this Division for each of those
superannuation products.
(2) If:
(a) a person (the applicant) applies for the issue of an RSA
product to the employee; and
(b) the applicant has not previously applied to the RSA provider
for the issue to any employee of an RSA product of the same
kind;
the person (the issuer) who is to issue the RSA product to the
employee must, at or before the time when the RSA product is
issued to the employee, give the applicant a Product Disclosure
Statement in accordance with this Division for the RSA product.

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012I

Corporations Act 2001 341 (2A) If:
(a) a trustee (the applicant), under Part 24 of the Superannuation
Industry (Supervision) Act 1993, applies on behalf of a
person for the issue of an interest in a relevant
superannuation entity; and
(b) the applicant has not previously applied under that Part for
the issue of an interest in that entity on behalf of any person;
the person (the issuer) who is to issue the interest to the person
must, at or before the time when the interest is issued to the person,
give the applicant a Product Disclosure Statement in accordance
with this Division for the interest.
(2B) If:
(a) a trustee (the applicant), under Part 9 of the Retirement
Savings Accounts Act 1997, applies on behalf of a person for
the issue of an interest in a relevant superannuation entity;
and
(b) the applicant has not previously applied under that Part for
the issue of an interest in that entity on behalf of any person;
the person (the issuer) who is to issue the interest to the person
must, at or before the time when the interest is issued to the person,
give the applicant a Product Disclosure Statement in accordance
with this Division for the interest.
(3) The issuer does not have to give the applicant a Product Disclosure
Statement under subsection (1), (2), (2A) or (2B) for a financial
product if:
(a) the applicant has already received a Product Disclosure
Statement for that financial product that contains all of the
information that the first-mentioned Product Disclosure
Statement would be required to contain; or
(b) the issuer believes on reasonable grounds that paragraph (a)
applies.
Note: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken
to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements
(see section 1014D).
(4) The issuer need not give the applicant a Product Disclosure
Statement under subsection (1), (2), (2A) or (2B) in the
circumstances specified in the regulations.
(5) In this section:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012IA

342 Corporations Act 2001 (a) terms used in subsection (1) that are defined for the purposes
of the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 have
the same meanings as in that Act; and
(b) terms used in subsection (2) that are defined for the purposes
of the Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997 have the same
meanings as in that Act; and
(c) relevant superannuation entity has the same meaning as in
section 1016A of this Act.
1012IA Treatment of arrangements under which a person can
instruct another person to acquire a financial product
Definitions
(1) In this section:
acquirer, in relation to a custodial arrangement, has the meaning
given by the definition of custodial arrangement.
client, in relation to a custodial arrangement, has the meaning
given by the definition of custodial arrangement.
custodial arrangement means an arrangement between a person
(the provider) and another person (the client) (whether or not there
are also other parties to the arrangement) under which:
(a) the client is, or is entitled, to give an instruction that a
particular financial product, or a financial product of a
particular kind, is to be acquired; and
(b) if the client gives such an instruction, a person (the acquirer),
being the provider or a person with whom the provider has or
will have an arrangement, must (subject to any discretion
they have to refuse) acquire the financial product, or a
financial product of that kind; and
(c) if the acquirer acquires the financial product, or a financial
product of that kind, pursuant to an instruction given by the
client, either:
(i) the product is to be held on trust for the client or another
person nominated by the client; or
(ii) the client, or another person nominated by the client, is
to have rights or benefits in relation to the product or a
beneficial interest in the product, or in relation to, or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012IA

Corporations Act 2001 343 calculated by reference to, dividends or other benefits
derived from the product.
instruction includes a direction or request.
provider, in relation to a custodial arrangement, has the meaning
given by the definition of custodial arrangement.
regulated acquisition means an acquisition of a financial product
pursuant to an instruction by the client under a custodial
arrangement, being an acquisition:
(a) by way of issue by the issuer (the regulated person); or
(b) pursuant to a sale by a person (the regulated person) in
circumstances described in subsection 1012C(5), (6) or (8).
regulated person, in relation to a regulated acquisition of a
financial product, has the meaning given by paragraph (a) or (b) (as
the case requires) of the definition of regulated acquisition.
Obligation on provider to give client a PDS
(2) Before a regulated acquisition of a financial product occurs
pursuant to an instruction given by the client under a custodial
arrangement, the provider must give the client a Product Disclosure
Statement for the product if a Product Disclosure Statement for the
product would, if there were an equivalent direct acquisition by the
client, be required by subsection 1012B(3) or 1012C(3) (see
subsection (3) of this section) to be given to the client by the
regulated person before that acquisition occurred. For this purpose,
an equivalent direct acquisition is an acquisition that would occur
if:
(a) the product were instead being offered for issue or sale direct
to the client by the regulated person for the same price (or for
the appropriate proportion of that price, if the transaction for
the regulated acquisition also covers other products); and
(b) the circumstances of that issue or sale to the client were
otherwise the same as those in which the regulated
acquisition will occur.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012IA

344 Corporations Act 2001 Determining whether a PDS would have to be given for an
equivalent direct acquisition
(3) The following provisions apply for the purpose of determining
whether the regulated person would be required by subsection
1012B(3) or 1012C(3) to give the client a Product Disclosure
Statement for the financial product:
(a) the effect of the provisions referred to in subsection
1012B(5) or 1012C(10), as the case requires, as they have
effect subject to the following paragraphs, must be taken into
account;
(b) subsections 1012D(1), (2) and (2A) apply as if references in
those subsections to the regulated person’s belief in relation
to a matter were instead references to the provider’s belief in
relation to that matter;
(c) subsections 1012D(2) and (3) apply as if references to the
client already holding a financial product of the same kind
also included a reference to a person already holding a
financial product of the same kind as a result of an
instruction given by the client under a custodial arrangement;
(d) sections 1012E and 1012F are to be disregarded;
(e) section 1012G has effect in accordance with subsection (4).
Modification of section 1012G
(4) The following provisions apply in relation to section 1012G:
(a) in determining for the purposes of subsection (2) whether the
regulated person would be required by subsection 1012B(3)
or 1012C(3) to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement
for the financial product, subsection 1012G(2) applies as if
the reference to the client instructing the regulated person (in
an issue situation) that they require the financial product to
be provided or issued immediately, or by a specified time,
were instead a reference to the client instructing the provider
that they require the financial product to be acquired
immediately, or by a specified time;
(b) if, because of subsection 1012G(2) as it applies because of
paragraph (a) of this subsection, the provider does not have
to give the client a Product Disclosure Statement for a
financial product before a regulated acquisition of the

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1012IA

Corporations Act 2001 345 financial product occurs pursuant to an instruction given by
the client under a custodial arrangement:
(i) subsection 1012G(2) applies in relation to the provider,
the client and the regulated acquisition as if the
obligation it imposes to comply with subsection
1012G(3) were imposed on the provider; and
(ii) subsection 1012G(3) applies in relation to the provider,
the client and the regulated acquisition as if the
reference to the regulated person were instead a
reference to the provider, as if subparagraph
1012G(3)(b)(i) were omitted and as if the reference in
subparagraph 1012G(3)(b)(ii) to the day on which the
financial product was issued or sold to the client were
instead a reference to the day on which the regulated
acquisition occurs.
Modification of section 1013A
(5) Section 1013A applies in relation to a regulated acquisition as if:
(a) paragraph 1013A(1)(b) also covered a Product Disclosure
Statement that is required to be given by subsection (2) of
this section in relation to an acquisition covered by
paragraph (a) of the definition of regulated acquisition in
subsection (1) of this section; and
(b) paragraph 1013A(2)(b) also covered a Product Disclosure
Statement that is required to be given by subsection (2) of
this section in relation to an acquisition covered by
paragraph (b) of the definition of regulated acquisition in
subsection (1) of this section.
Provider is not an agent for the purposes of section 1015C
(6) For the purposes of the application of section 1015C in relation to a
regulated acquisition, the provider in relation to the relevant
custodial arrangement is taken not to be an agent of the client.
Provider is covered by sections 1015E, 1021F and 1021I
(7) Sections 1015E, 1021F and 1021I apply in relation to a regulated
acquisition as if the references to a regulated person were instead
references to the provider in relation to the relevant custodial
arrangement.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1012J

346 Corporations Act 2001 Regulations may provide for other modifications
(8) The regulations may provide for other modifications of provisions
of this Part that are to have effect in relation to regulated
acquisitions.
1012J Information must be up to date
The information in a Product Disclosure Statement must be up to
date as at the time when it is given.
Note: A Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement containing updated
information may be given with a Product Disclosure Statement that
has become out of date. The updated information is taken to be
included in the Product Disclosure Statement (see section 1014D).
1012K Anti-avoidance determinations
(1) ASIC may determine in writing that a number of different bodies
are closely related and that their transactions should be aggregated
for the purposes of this Subdivision. If ASIC does so:
(a) an issue, sale or transfer of financial products of any other
bodies is taken to also be an issue, sale or transfer of the
financial products of each of the other bodies by those
bodies; and
(b) any money received from an issue, sale or transfer of
financial products of any of the bodies is taken to also be
received by each of the other bodies from an issue, sale or
transfer of its own financial products.
ASIC must give written notice of the determination to each of the
bodies.
(2) ASIC may determine in writing that the transactions of a body and
of a person who controls the body should be aggregated for the
purposes of this Subdivision. If ASIC does so:
(a) an issue of financial products of the body is taken to also be
the transfer of the financial products by the controller; and
(b) any money received from an issue of financial products of
the body is taken to also be received by the controller from a
transfer of the financial products; and
(c) a sale or transfer of financial products of the body by the
controller is taken to also be the issue of the financial
products by the body; and

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1013A

Corporations Act 2001 347 (d) any money received from a sale or transfer of financial
products of the body by the controller is taken to also be
received by the body from an issue of the financial products.
ASIC must give written notice of the determination to the body and
the controller.
Subdivision C—Preparation and content of Product Disclosure
Statements
1013A Who must prepare Product Disclosure Statement
(1) A Product Disclosure Statement that:
(a) is required to be given by section 1012A (otherwise than in a
situation in which the recommendation concerned relates to
an offer described in subsection 1012C(3) or (4)); or
(b) is required to be given by section 1012B; or
(c) section 1012H requires an issuer to take reasonable steps to
ensure is given to a new group member; or
(d) is required to be given by section 1012I;
must be a document that has been prepared by the issuer of the
financial product. A Product Disclosure Statement of this kind is in
this Division referred to as an issue Statement.
(2) A Product Disclosure Statement that:
(a) is required to be given by section 1012A in a situation in
which the recommendation concerned relates to an offer
described in subsection 1012C(3) or (4)); or
(b) is required to be given by section 1012C;
must be a document that has been prepared by the person making
the offer to sell the financial product. A Product Disclosure
Statement of this kind is in this Division referred to as a sale
Statement.
(3) The person who, or on whose behalf, a Product Disclosure
Statement for a financial product is required to be prepared is, in
this Division, referred to as the responsible person for the financial
product.
(4) For the purposes of this Part, a Product Disclosure Statement
prepared on behalf of a person is taken to be prepared by the
person.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1013B

348 Corporations Act 2001
1013B Title of Product Disclosure Statement
(1) The title “Product Disclosure Statement” must be used on the cover
of, or at or near the front of, a Product Disclosure Statement.
(2) In any other part of a Product Disclosure Statement, “Product
Disclosure Statement” may be abbreviated to “PDS”.
1013C Product Disclosure Statement content requirements
(1) A Product Disclosure Statement:
(a) must include the following statements and information
required by this Subdivision:
(i) the statements and information required by
section 1013D; and
(ii) the information required by section 1013E; and
(iii) the information required by the other provisions of this
Subdivision; and
(b) may also:
(i) include other information; or
(ii) refer to other information that is set out in another
document.
Note: A Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement containing additional
information may be given with a Product Disclosure Statement that
does not contain all the required information. The additional
information is taken to be included in the Product Disclosure
Statement (see section 1014D).
(2) The information required by sections 1013D and 1013E need only
be included in the Product Disclosure Statement to the extent to
which it is actually known to:
(a) the responsible person; and
(b) in the case of a sale Statement—the issuer of the financial
product; and
(c) any person named in the Statement as an underwriter of the
issue or sale of the financial product; and
(d) any person:
(i) named in the Statement as a financial services licensee
providing services in relation to the issue or sale of the
financial product; and

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1013D

Corporations Act 2001 349 (ii) who participated in any way in the preparation of the
Statement; and
(e) any person who has given a consent referred to in
section 1013K in relation to a statement included in the
Statement; and
(f) any person named in the Statement with their consent as
having performed a particular professional or advisory
function; and
(g) if any of the above persons is a body corporate—any director
of that body corporate.
(3) The information included in the Product Disclosure Statement must
be worded and presented in a clear, concise and effective manner.
(4) The responsible person may include in the Product Disclosure
Statement a statement about the association between the financial
product and another person.
(5) The responsible person must not include a statement about the
association between the financial product and a person if:
(a) the statement creates the impression that the financial product
is issued or sold by that other person; and
(b) the person has not issued or sold the product.
(6) The responsible person must not include a statement about the
association between the financial product and a person if:
(a) the statement creates the impression that the financial product
is guaranteed or underwritten by that other person; and
(b) the person has not guaranteed or underwritten the product.
(7) If the Product Disclosure Statement states that a person provides,
or is to provide, services in relation to the financial product, the
Product Disclosure Statement must clearly distinguish between the
respective roles of that person and the issuer or seller of the
financial product.
1013D Product Disclosure Statement content—main requirements
(1) Subject to this section, subsection 1013C(2) and sections 1013F
and 1013FA, a Product Disclosure Statement must include the
following statements, and such of the following information as a

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1013D

350 Corporations Act 2001 person would reasonably require for the purpose of making a
decision, as a retail client, whether to acquire the financial product:
(a) a statement setting out the name and contact details of:
(i) the issuer of the financial product; and
(ii) if the Statement is a sale Statement—the seller; and
(b) information about any significant benefits to which a holder
of the product will or may become entitled, the circumstances
in which and times at which those benefits will or may be
provided, and the way in which those benefits will or may be
provided; and
(c) information about any significant risks associated with
holding the product; and
(d) information about:
(i) the cost of the product; and
(ii) any amounts that will or may be payable by a holder of
the product in respect of the product after its acquisition,
and the times at which those amounts will or may be
payable; and
(iii) if the amounts paid in respect of the financial product
and the amounts paid in respect of other financial
products are paid into a common fund—any amounts
that will or may be deducted from the fund by way of
fees, expenses or charges; and
(e) if the product will or may generate a return to a holder of the
product—information about any commission, or other similar
payments, that will or may impact on the amount of such a
return; and
(f) information about any other significant characteristics or
features of the product or of the rights, terms, conditions and
obligations attaching to the product; and
(g) information about the dispute resolution system that covers
complaints by holders of the product and about how that
system may be accessed; and
(h) general information about any significant taxation
implications of financial products of that kind; and
(i) information about any cooling-off regime that applies in
respect of acquisitions of the product (whether the regime is
provided for by a law or otherwise); and

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1013D

Corporations Act 2001 351 (j) if the product issuer (in the case of an issue Statement) or the
seller (in the case of a sale Statement) makes other
information relating to the product available to holders or
prospective holders of the product, or to people more
generally—a statement of how that information may be
accessed; and
(k) any other statements or information required by the
regulations; and
(l) if the product has an investment component—the extent to
which labour standards or environmental, social or ethical
considerations are taken into account in the selection,
retention or realisation of the investment; and
(m) unless in accordance with the regulations, for information to
be disclosed in accordance with paragraphs (b), (d) and (e),
any amounts are to be stated in dollars.
(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(d), an amount will or may be
payable in respect of a financial product by the holder of the
financial product if:
(a) the holder will or may have to pay an amount in respect of
the product; or
(b) an amount will or may be deducted from:
(i) a payment to be made by the holder; or
(ii) a payment to be made to the holder; or
(iii) an amount held on the holder’s behalf under the
financial product; or
(c) an account representing the holder’s interest in the financial
product will or may be debited with an amount.
It includes an amount that the holder will or may have to pay, or
that will or may be deducted or debited, as a fee, expense or charge
in relation to a particular transaction in relation to the financial
product.
(2A) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(l), products which have an
investment component include superannuation products, managed
investment products and investment life insurance products.
(3) Subsection (1) requires information to be included in the Product
Disclosure Statement only to the extent to which the requirement is
applicable to the financial product. The Product Disclosure

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1013DA

352 Corporations Act 2001 Statement does not need to indicate that a particular requirement is
not applicable to the financial product.
(4) The regulations may:
(a) provide that a provision of subsection (1) does not apply in a
particular situation; or
(b) provide that particular information is not required by a
provision of subsection (1), either in a particular situation or
generally; or
(c) provide a more detailed statement of the information that is
required by a provision of subsection (1), either in a
particular situation or generally.
1013DA Information about ethical considerations etc.
ASIC may develop guidelines that must be complied with where a
Product Disclosure Statement makes any claim that labour
standards or environmental, social or ethical considerations are
taken into account in the selection, retention or realisation of the
investment.
1013E General obligation to include other information that might
influence a decision to acquire
Subject to subsection 1013C(2) and sections 1013F and 1013FA, a
Product Disclosure Statement must also contain any other
information that might reasonably be expected to have a material
influence on the decision of a reasonable person, as a retail client,
whether to acquire the product.
1013F General limitations on extent to which information is
required to be included
(1) Despite anything in section 1013D or 1013E, information, or a
statement containing information, is not required to be included in
a Product Disclosure Statement if it would not be reasonable for a
person considering, as a retail client, whether to acquire the
product to expect to find the information in the Statement.
(2) In considering whether it would not be reasonable for a person
considering, as a retail client, whether to acquire the product to

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1013FA

Corporations Act 2001 353 expect to find particular information in the Statement, the matters
that may be taken into account include, but are not limited to:
(a) the nature of the product (including its risk profile); and
(b) the extent to which the product is well understood by the
kinds of person who commonly acquire products of that kind
as retail clients; and
(c) the kinds of things such persons may reasonably be expected
to know; and
(d) if the product is an ED security that is not a continuously
quoted security—the effect of the following provisions:
(i) Chapter 2M as it applies to disclosing entities;
(ii) sections 674 and 675; and
(e) the way in which the product is promoted, sold or distributed;
and
(f) any other matters specified in the regulations.
1013FA Information not required to be included in PDS for
continuously quoted securities
(1) This section applies to a Product Disclosure Statement that relates
to a continuously quoted security.
(2) Despite anything in section 1013D, 1013E or 1013F, information is
not required to be included in the Product Disclosure Statement if:
(a) the information is included in any of the following
documents:
(i) the annual financial report most recently lodged with
ASIC by the issuer of the product;
(ii) any half-year financial report lodged with ASIC by the
issuer of the product after the lodgment of that annual
financial report and before the date of the Product
Disclosure Statement;
(iii) any continuous disclosure notices given by the issuer of
the product after the lodgment of that annual financial
report and before the date of the Product Disclosure
Statement; and
(b) the Product Disclosure Statement:
(i) states that as a disclosing entity, the issuer of the
product is subject to regular reporting and disclosure
obligations; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1013G

354 Corporations Act 2001 (ii) informs people of their right to obtain a copy of any of
the documents referred to in paragraph (a).
If the Product Disclosure Statement informs people of their right to
obtain a copy of the document, the issuer of the product must give
a copy of the document free of charge to anyone who asks for it.
(3) ASIC may determine that this section does not apply to Product
Disclosure Statements for continuously quoted securities if ASIC is
satisfied that in the previous 12 months:
(a) the issuer of the continuously quoted securities contravened:
(i) the provisions of Chapter 2M; or
(ii) subsection 674(2) or 675(2); or
(iii) subsection 1012DA(9); or
(iv) section 1308 as it applies to a notice under subsection
1012DA(5); or
(b) the responsible person for the Product Disclosure Statement
contravened section 1016E, 1021D, 1021E or 1021J.
(4) The determination must be made in writing and ASIC must publish
a copy of the determination in the Gazette.
1013G Product Disclosure Statement must be dated
A Product Disclosure Statement must be dated. The date must be:
(a) if a copy of the Product Disclosure Statement has been
lodged with ASIC (see section 1015B)—the date on which it
was so lodged; or
(b) in any other case—the date on which the Product Disclosure
Statement was prepared or its preparation was completed.
1013H Requirements if Product Disclosure Statement states or
implies that financial product will be able to be traded
If a Product Disclosure Statement states or implies that the
financial product will be able to be traded on a financial market
(whether in Australia or elsewhere), the Statement must state that:
(a) the product is able to be traded on that market; or
(b) an application has been made to the operator of that market
for the taking of such action as is necessary to enable the
product to be traded on that market; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1013I

Corporations Act 2001 355 (c) an application of a kind referred to in paragraph (b) will be
made to the operator of that market within 7 days after the
date of the Statement.
1013I Extra requirements if Product Disclosure Statement relates to
managed investment products that are ED securities
(1) This section applies to a Product Disclosure Statement that relates
to managed investment products that are ED securities.
(2) The Product Disclosure Statement must include a statement that:
(a) as a disclosing entity, the scheme is subject to regular
reporting and disclosure obligations; and
(b) copies of documents lodged with ASIC in relation to the
scheme may be obtained from, or inspected at, an ASIC
office.
(3) The Product Disclosure Statement must either:
(a) inform people of their right to obtain a copy of the following
documents:
(i) the annual financial report most recently lodged with
ASIC by the scheme;
(ii) any half-year financial report lodged with ASIC by the
scheme after the lodgment of that annual financial
report and before the date of the Product Disclosure
Statement;
(iii) any continuous disclosure notices given by the scheme
after the lodgment of that annual report and before the
date of the Product Disclosure Statement; or
(b) include, or be accompanied by, a copy of the relevant
document or documents.
(4) If:
(a) the Product Disclosure Statement informs people of their
right to obtain a copy of a document referred to in
subsection (3); and
(b) a person asks the issuer (in the case of an issue Statement) or
the seller (in the case of a sale Statement) for a copy of the
document;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1013J

356 Corporations Act 2001 the issuer or seller must give (see subsection (5)) the person a copy
of the document free of charge as soon as practicable, and in any
event within 5 days, after receiving the person’s request.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(5) In subsection (4), give means give in a way that would satisfy the
requirements of section 1015C if the copy of the document were a
Statement to which that section applied.
1013J Requirements if Statement has been lodged with ASIC
A Product Disclosure Statement, a copy of which has been lodged
with ASIC (see section 1015B), must include a statement that:
(a) a copy of the document has been lodged with ASIC; and
(b) ASIC takes no responsibility for the content of the document.
1013K Requirements relating to consents to certain statements
(1) A Product Disclosure Statement must only include a statement
made by a person, or a statement said in the Product Disclosure
Statement to be based on a statement made by a person, if:
(a) the person has consented to the statement being included in
the Product Disclosure Statement in the form and context in
which it is included; and
(b) the Product Disclosure Statement states that the person has
given this consent; and
(c) the person has not withdrawn this consent before the date of
the Product Disclosure Statement.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The person who prepared the Product Disclosure Statement must
not, without reasonable excuse, fail to keep the consent, or a copy
of it, for the period, and in the manner, required by the regulations.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1013L

Corporations Act 2001 357
1013L Product Disclosure Statement may consist of 2 or more
separate documents given at same time
(1) Subject to this section, a Product Disclosure Statement may be
made up of 2 or more separate documents that are given at the
same time.
(2) Each of the documents must have on the cover of the document, or
at or near the front of the document, a statement:
(a) to the effect that the document is part of a Product Disclosure
Statement; and
(b) that (subject to subsection (3)) identifies the other documents
that make up the Product Disclosure Statement.
(3) If there are or may be different versions of a document referred to
in paragraph (2)(b), the statement required by subsection (2) does
not have to identify any particular one of those versions and may
instead identify the document generically.
Note: For example, if a Product Disclosure Statement is made up of a core
document that is not updated very frequently, and a separate document
providing information about remuneration that is updated more
frequently:
(a) the statement in the core document need only refer to the fact that
it, and a separate document about remuneration, make up the
Product Disclosure Statement; and
(b) the statement in the document about remuneration need only
refer to the fact that it, and a separate document about all other
required matters, make up the Product Disclosure Statement.
(4) The requirement of section 1013B (title of Product Disclosure
Statement) is taken to be satisfied if the title “Product Disclosure
Statement” is used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, at
least one of the documents that make up the Product Disclosure
Statement.
(5) The requirement of section 1013G (dating of Product Disclosure
Statement) must be separately complied with in relation to each of
the documents. If, for any purpose, a single date needs to be
determined as the date of the Product Disclosure Statement as a
whole, that date is the most recent of the dates of those documents.
(6) Section 1015E applies to an alteration to one of the documents as
though the reference in that section to the date specified in the

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1013M

358 Corporations Act 2001 Product Disclosure Statement were a reference to the date specified
in the document.
(7) The regulations may impose additional requirements to be
complied with if a Product Disclosure Statement is made up of 2 or
more documents.
1013M Combining a Product Disclosure Statement and a Financial
Services Guide in a single document
For provisions about combining a Product Disclosure Statement
and a Financial Services Guide in a single document, see
section 942DA and regulations made for the purposes of that
section.
Subdivision D—Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements
1014A What a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is
A Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is a document by
which a person who has prepared a Product Disclosure Statement
(the PDS) can:
(a) correct a misleading or deceptive statement in the PDS; or
(b) correct an omission from the PDS of information it is
required to contain; or
(c) update, or add to, the information contained in the PDS; or
(d) change a statement of a kind referred to in paragraph
1016E(1)(a) or (b).
1014B Title of Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement
(1) The title “Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement” must be
used on the cover of, or at or near the front of, a Supplementary
Product Disclosure Statement.
(2) In any other part of a Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement, “Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement” may be
abbreviated to “SPDS”.

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Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1014C

Corporations Act 2001 359
1014C Form of Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement
At the beginning of a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement
there must be:
(a) a statement that it is a Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement; and
(b) an identification of the Product Disclosure Statement that it
supplements; and
(c) a statement that it is to be read together with that Product
Disclosure Statement and any other specified Supplementary
Disclosure Statements.
1014D Effect of giving person a Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement
If:
(a) a person is given a Product Disclosure Statement (the PDS);
and
(b) at the same time, or later, they are given a Supplementary
Product Disclosure Statement (the SPDS) that supplements
the PDS;
the PDS is taken, from when the SPDS is given to the person, to
include the information and statements contained in the SPDS.
1014E Situation in which only a Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement need be given
If:
(a) apart from this section, a person would be required to give
another person (the client) a Product Disclosure Statement
(the new PDS) relating to a financial product; and
(b) the client has, because of some previous conduct, already
received a Product Disclosure Statement (the earlier PDS)
relating to the financial product; and
(c) the earlier PDS contains some, but not all, of the information
that the new PDS is required to contain;
the person may, instead of giving the client the new PDS, give the
client a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that contains
the additional information.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1014F

360 Corporations Act 2001
1014F Application of other provisions in relation to Supplementary
Product Disclosure Statements
Sections 1013A, 1013G, 1013H, 1013J and 1013K, and
subsections 1013C(3) to (7), apply in relation to a Supplementary
Product Disclosure Statement in the same way as they apply to a
Product Disclosure Statement.
Subdivision E—Other requirements relating to Product
Disclosure Statements and Supplementary Product
Disclosure Statements
1015A Subdivision applies to Product Disclosure Statements and
Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements
This Subdivision applies to Product Disclosure Statements and to
Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements. Both kinds of
document are referred to in this Subdivision as a Statement.
1015B Some Statements must be lodged with ASIC
(1) A copy of a Statement must have been lodged with ASIC (in
accordance with the requirements of subsection (2) for consents)
before the Statement is given to a person for the purposes of a
provision of this Part if:
(a) the following subparagraphs apply:
(i) the financial product is a managed investment product;
and
(ii) the Statement states or implies that the product will be
able to be traded on a financial market; and
(iii) the Statement meets the requirements set out in
section 1013H; or
(b) the financial product is a managed investment product that
can be traded on a financial market; or
(c) the financial product is a financial product of a kind specified
in regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The lodgment of a Statement with ASIC requires the consent of:
(a) whether it is an issue Statement or a sale Statement:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1015C

Corporations Act 2001 361 (i) if the responsible person is a body corporate—every
director of the responsible person; or
(ii) otherwise—the responsible person; and
(b) if it is a sale Statement:
(i) if the issuer of the financial product concerned is a body
corporate—every director of the issuer; or
(ii) otherwise—the issuer of the financial product
concerned.
1015C How a Statement is to be given
(1) A Statement:
(a) must be:
(i) given to a person, or the person’s agent, personally; or
(ii) sent to the person, or the person’s agent, at an address
(including an electronic address) or fax number
nominated by the person or the agent; and
(b) may be printed or be in electronic form.
(2) For the purposes of this section, the Statement is sent to a person at
an address if, and only if:
(a) the Statement is sent to the address; and
(b) either:
(i) the envelope or other container in which the Statement
is sent; or
(ii) the message that accompanies the Statement;
is addressed to the person.
(3) The Statement may be given or sent to the person’s agent only if
the agent is not acting as the person’s agent in one of the following
capacities:
(a) a financial services licensee;
(b) an authorised representative of a financial services licensee;
(d) a person who is not required to hold an Australian financial
services licence because the person is covered by:
(i) paragraph 911A(2)(j); or
(ii) an exemption in regulations made for the purposes of
paragraph 911A(2)(k); or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1015D

362 Corporations Act 2001 (iii) an exemption specified by ASIC for the purposes of
paragraph 911A(2)(l);
(e) a person who is required to hold an Australian financial
services licence but who does not hold such a licence;
(f) an employee, director or other representative of a person
referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (d) or (e).
(4) The regulations may provide for alternative ways of giving a
Statement to a person.
(5) The regulations may specify requirements as to:
(a) the manner in which a Statement may be given to a person;
and
(b) the presentation, structure and format for a Statement that is
to be given in electronic form.
The giving of the Statement is not effective unless those
requirements are satisfied.
1015D Notice, retention and access requirements for Statement that
does not need to be lodged
(1) This section applies to a Statement if section 1015B does not
require a copy of the Statement to be lodged with ASIC.
(2) The responsible person for the Statement, not being a trustee of a
self-managed superannuation fund, must lodge a notice with ASIC
advising that the Statement is in use as soon as practicable, and in
any event within 5 business days, after a copy of the Statement is
first given to someone in a recommendation, issue or sale situation.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) The responsible person for the Statement must keep a copy of the
Statement for the period of 7 years after the date of the Statement.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) During that period the responsible person:
(a) must make a copy of the Statement available to ASIC if
asked to do so by ASIC; and
(b) must comply with any reasonable request from any other
person for a copy of the Statement.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1015E

Corporations Act 2001 363
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
1015E Altering a Statement after its preparation and before giving it
to a person
(1) A regulated person must not, in purported compliance with a
provision of this Part, give a person a Statement that has been
altered (otherwise than pursuant to paragraph (b)) after the date of
the Statement if either or both of the following paragraphs applies:
(a) the alteration was not made by, or with the authority of, the
issuer or seller, as the case requires, of the financial products;
(b) the alteration is a material alteration and the date of the
Statement has not been changed to:
(i) if a copy of the altered Statement has been lodged with
ASIC (see subsection (2))—the date on which it was so
lodged; or
(ii) in any other case—the date on which the alteration was
made.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) If the alteration is a material alteration to a Statement that has been
lodged with ASIC under section 1015B, that section applies to the
altered Statement as if it were a new Statement.
Subdivision F—Other rights and obligations related to Product
Disclosure Statements
1016A Provisions relating to use of application forms
(1) In this section:
defective, in relation to a Product Disclosure Statement as at a
particular time, means that the Product Disclosure Statement, if it
had been given to a person at that time, would have been defective
as defined in Subdivision A of Division 7.
Note: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken
to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements
(see section 1014D).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1016A

364 Corporations Act 2001 eligible application, in relation to a restricted issue or restricted
sale of a relevant financial product, means an application that
satisfies the following requirements:
(a) the application is made using an application form; and
(b) the application form used to apply for the product:
(i) was included in, or accompanied, a Product Disclosure
Statement (relating to the product) that was given to the
applicant and that was not defective as at the time when
the application was made; or
(ii) was copied, or directly derived, by the applicant from a
form referred to in subparagraph (i); and
(c) all other applicable requirements (if any) in regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph are satisfied in relation to
the application.
Note: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken
to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements
(see section 1014D).
relevant financial product means:
(a) a managed investment product; or
(b) a superannuation product; or
(c) an investment life insurance product; or
(d) an RSA product; or
(e) a financial product of a kind specified in regulations made for
the purposes of this paragraph.
relevant superannuation entity means a superannuation entity of a
kind specified in regulations made for the purposes of this
definition.
restricted issue means an issue of a relevant financial product to a
person as a retail client, other than an issue covered by either of the
following paragraphs:
(a) an issue in a situation, or pursuant to an offer made in a
situation, to which a subsection, other than subsection (1), of
section 1012D applies; or
(b) an issue in a situation, or pursuant to an offer made in a
situation, to which section 1012E or 1012F applies.
restricted sale means a sale of a relevant financial product pursuant
to an offer that:

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1016A

Corporations Act 2001 365 (a) is of a kind described in subsection 1012C(3) or (4); and
(b) is not made in a situation to which a subsection, other than
subsection (1), of section 1012D applies.
RSA provider has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings
Accounts Act 1997.
standard employer-sponsor has the same meaning as in the
Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.
standard employer-sponsored fund has the same meaning as in the
Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.
standard employer-sponsored member has the same meaning as in
the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.
(2) A person (the issuer or seller) must only make a restricted issue or
a restricted sale of a relevant financial product to a person (the
recipient) if:
(a) the issue or sale is made pursuant to an eligible application
made to the issuer or seller by the recipient; or
(b) it is a restricted issue in relation to which the following
conditions are satisfied:
(i) the financial product is an interest in a relevant
superannuation entity;
(ii) the interest is issued pursuant to an application made to
the issuer by a standard employer-sponsor of the entity
on the recipient’s behalf;
(iii) if the application is the first application for the issue of a
superannuation interest made to the issuer by the
standard employer-sponsor on behalf of any person—
the application is an eligible application; or
(c) it is a restricted issue in relation to which the following
conditions are satisfied:
(i) the financial product is an interest in a relevant
superannuation entity;
(ii) the interest is issued pursuant to an application made to
the issuer by another trustee under Part 24 of the
Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 on the
recipient’s behalf;

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1016A

366 Corporations Act 2001 (iii) if the application is the first application under Part 24 of
that Act made to the issuer by the other trustee on behalf
of any person—the application is an eligible
application; or
(d) it is a restricted issue in relation to which the following
conditions are satisfied:
(i) the financial product is an interest in a relevant
superannuation entity;
(ii) the interest is issued pursuant to an application made to
the issuer by an RSA provider under Part 9 of the
Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997 on the
recipient’s behalf;
(iii) if the application is the first application under Part 9 of
that Act made to the issuer by the RSA provider on
behalf of any person—the application is an eligible
application; or
(e) it is a restricted issue in relation to which the following
conditions are satisfied:
(i) the financial product is an RSA product;
(ii) the interest is issued pursuant to an application made to
the issuer by an employer (within the meaning of the
Retirement Savings Accounts Act 1997) of the recipient;
(iii) if the application is the first application for the issue of
an RSA product of that kind made to the issuer by the
employer on behalf of any person—the application is an
eligible application;
(iv) all other applicable requirements (if any) in regulations
made for the purposes of this subparagraph are satisfied
in relation to the application; or
(f) the issue or sale occurs in a situation covered by regulations
made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note 1: This subsection does not apply to an issue or sale pursuant to
paragraph 1016E(2)(c) (see subsection 1016E(2C)).
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) The trustee of a relevant superannuation entity must only permit a
person to become a standard employer-sponsor of the entity if:
(a) the person applied to become a standard employer-sponsor of
the entity using an application form; and

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1016B

Corporations Act 2001 367 (b) the application form used to apply to become a standard
employer-sponsor:
(i) was included in, or accompanied, a Product Disclosure
Statement (relating to an interest in the entity) that was
given to the person and that was not defective as at the
time when the application was made; or
(ii) was copied, or directly derived, by the person from a
form referred to in subparagraph (i).
Note 1: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken
to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements
(see section 1014D).
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) The regulations may:
(a) provide for defences to offences based on subsection (2) or
(3); and
(b) provide for additional offences relating to the receipt or
non-receipt of applications or application forms.
Note 1: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to a defence. See
subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
Note 2: For the limit on penalties for offences against the regulations, see
paragraph 1364(2)(w).
1016B If Statement lodged with ASIC, financial product is not to be
issued or sold before specified period
(1) If:
(a) a copy of a Product Disclosure Statement has been lodged
with ASIC; and
(b) the financial product to which the Statement relates is not
able to be traded on any financial market (whether in
Australia or elsewhere);
the responsible person must not issue or sell a financial product,
pursuant to an application made in response to the Statement, until
the period of 7 days (or that period as extended under
subsection (2)) after lodgment of the Statement has ended.
Note 1: This subsection does not apply to an issue or sale pursuant to
paragraph 1016E(2)(c) (see subsection 1016E(2C)).
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1016C

368 Corporations Act 2001 (2) ASIC may extend the period by notice in writing to the responsible
person. The period as extended must end no more than 14 days
after lodgment.
1016C Minimum subscription condition must be fulfilled before
issue or sale
If a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states that
a financial product to which the Statement relates will not be
issued or sold unless:
(a) applications for a minimum number of financial products of
that kind are received; or
(b) a minimum amount is raised;
the responsible person must not issue or sell a financial product of
that kind, pursuant to an application made in response to the
Statement, if that condition has not been satisfied. For the purpose
of working out whether the condition has been satisfied, a person
who has agreed to take a financial product as underwriter is taken
to have applied for that product.
Note 1: Statements in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement are
taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it
supplements (see section 1014D).
Note 1A: This subsection does not apply to an issue or sale pursuant to
paragraph 1016E(2)(c) (see subsection 1016E(2C)).
Note 2: Failure to comply with this section is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
1016D Condition about ability to trade on a market must be fulfilled
before issue or sale
(1) If a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states or
implies that a financial product to which the Statement relates will
be able to be traded on a financial market (whether in Australia or
elsewhere), the responsible person must only issue or sell a
financial product of that kind, pursuant to an application made in
response to the Statement, if:
(a) the product is able to be traded on that market; or
(b) an application has, within 7 days after the relevant date (see
subsection (3)), been made to the operator of that market for
the taking of such action as is necessary to enable financial
products of that kind to be traded on that market.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1016D

Corporations Act 2001 369 Paragraph (b) ceases to apply to the financial product at the end of
the period of 3 months starting on the relevant date.
Note 1: Statements in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement are
taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it
supplements (see section 1014D).
Note 1A: This subsection does not apply to an issue or sale pursuant to
paragraph 1016E(2)(c) (see subsection 1016E(2C)).
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Issue or transfer void if quotation condition not fulfilled
(2) If a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states or
implies that the financial product is to be quoted on a financial
market (whether in Australia or elsewhere) and:
(a) an application has not, within 7 days after the relevant date
(see subsection (3)), been made to the operator of that market
for the taking of such action as is necessary to enable
financial products of that kind to be traded on that market; or
(b) the product is not able to be traded on that market at the end
of 3 months after the relevant date;
then:
(c) an issue or transfer to a person of a financial product of that
kind is void if:
(i) the issue or transfer is pursuant to an application made
in response to the Statement; or
(ii) the person should have been given the Statement; and
(d) if:
(i) an issue or transfer of a financial product to a person is
void because of paragraph (c); and
(ii) the responsible person received money from that person
on account of the issue or transfer—the responsible
person must, as soon as practicable, return the money to
that person.
Note 1: Paragraphs (c) and (d) do not apply to an issue or sale pursuant to
paragraph 1016E(2)(c) (see subsection 1016E(2C)).
Note 2: Failure to comply with paragraph (d) is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1016E

370 Corporations Act 2001 The relevant date
(3) For the purposes of this section, the relevant date in relation to an
express or implied statement is:
(a) if the Statement is express or implied in a Product Disclosure
Statement, disregarding the effect of section 1014D—the
date of the Product Disclosure Statement; or
(b) if the Statement is express or implied in a Supplementary
Product Disclosure Statement—the date of the
Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement.
1016E Choices open to person making the offer if disclosure
condition not met or Product Disclosure Statement
defective
(1) This section applies if:
(a) a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states
that a financial product to which the Statement relates will
not be issued or sold unless:
(i) applications for a minimum number of financial
products of that kind are received; or
(ii) a minimum amount is raised;
and that condition is not satisfied within 4 months after the
relevant date (see subsections (3) and (4)); or
(b) a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial product states
or implies that a financial product to which the Statement
relates will be able to be traded on a financial market
(whether in Australia or elsewhere) and:
(i) an application has not, within 7 days after the relevant
date (see subsection (4)), been made to the operator of
that market for the taking of such action as is necessary
to enable financial products of that kind to be traded on
that market; or
(ii) at the end of the period of 3 months starting on the
relevant date, financial products of that kind are not able
to be traded on that market; or
(c) in relation to a Product Disclosure Statement for a financial
product, the responsible person becomes aware that the
Product Disclosure Statement was defective as at the time

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1016E

Corporations Act 2001 371 when it was prepared, or that it became or has become
defective as at some later time.
Note: Information and statements in a Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement are taken to be contained in the Product Disclosure
Statement it supplements (see section 1014D).
(2) If this section applies, the responsible person must, in relation to
any application for financial products of the relevant kind that is
made in response to the Product Disclosure Statement (the first
Product Disclosure Statement) and that has not resulted in an issue
or sale of financial products of that kind, comply with one of the
following paragraphs:
(a) the responsible person must repay the money they received
from the applicant; or
(aa) the responsible person must give the applicant:
(i) a new Product Disclosure Statement for the financial
products, and an additional statement that identifies the
respects in which the new Product Disclosure Statement
is materially different from the first Product Disclosure
Statement; and
(ii) 1 month to withdraw their application and be repaid; or
(b) the responsible person must give the applicant:
(i) a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that
changes the statement referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or
(b), or that corrects the deficiency referred to in
paragraph (1)(c); and
(ii) 1 month to withdraw their applications and be repaid; or
(ba) the responsible person must issue or sell the financial
products to the applicant and give them:
(i) a new Product Disclosure Statement for the financial
products, and an additional statement that identifies the
respects in which the new Product Disclosure Statement
is materially different from the first Product Disclosure
Statement; and
(ii) 1 month to return the financial products and be repaid;
or
(c) the responsible person must issue or sell the financial
products to the applicant and give them:
(i) a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement that
changes the statement referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1016E

372 Corporations Act 2001 (b), or that corrects the deficiency referred to in
paragraph (1)(c); and
(ii) 1 month to return the financial products and be repaid.
Note 1: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Note 2: If the responsible person chooses the option given by paragraph (aa)
or (b), that option does not require the responsible person to wait until
the end of the month referred to in subparagraph (aa)(ii) or (b)(ii)
before going ahead and issuing or selling the financial products to the
applicant if the applicant indicates before then that they still wish to
proceed with the application.
Note 3: However, if the responsible person chooses the option given by
paragraph (aa) or (b), whether the responsible person may go ahead
and issue or sell the financial products to the applicant at the end of
the month referred to in subparagraph (aa)(ii) or (b)(ii) (or earlier, as
mentioned in note 2) is affected by this subsection and sections 1016A
to 1016E (including as those provisions are affected by
subsections (2A) and (2B) of this section).
Note 4: If the responsible person chooses the option given by paragraph (c),
sections 1016A to 1016D do not prohibit the issue or sale of the
financial products under that paragraph (see subsection (2C) of this
section).
(2A) If, in accordance with paragraph (2)(aa), the responsible person
gives the applicant a new Product Disclosure Statement for the
financial products and the additional statement referred to in
subparagraph (2)(aa)(i):
(a) subsection (2), and sections 1016B, 1016C, 1016D and
1016E, apply in relation to the application, from the time
when the applicant is given the new Product Disclosure
Statement (the correction time), as if the application had
been made in response to the new Product Disclosure
Statement; and
(b) if:
(i) the reason for giving the new Product Disclosure
Statement was that the responsible person became
aware that the first Product Disclosure Statement was
defective as at the time when it was prepared, or had
become defective by the time the application was made;
and
(ii) the financial products are relevant financial products as
defined in section 1016A;

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1016E

Corporations Act 2001 373 section 1016A applies in relation to the application, from the
correction time, as if the first Product Disclosure Statement
had instead contained the content of the new Product
Disclosure Statement.
Note 1: Because of paragraph (a):
(a) if this section applies to the new Product Disclosure Statement,
the responsible person’s ability to proceed to issue or sell the
financial products pursuant to the application will be affected by
subsection (2), and by sections 1016B, 1016C and 1016D, as
those provisions apply in relation to the new Product Disclosure
Statement (even though the application was actually made in
response to the first Product Disclosure Statement); and
(b) sections 1016B, 1016C and 1016D, as they relate to the first
Product Disclosure Statement, cease to apply in relation to the
application.
Note 2: Because of paragraph (b), the application may be an eligible
application as defined in section 1016A, even though the first Product
Disclosure Statement was actually defective as at the time when the
application was made.
(2B) If:
(a) in accordance with paragraph (2)(b), the responsible person
gives the applicant a Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement that relates to the financial products; and
(b) the reason for giving the Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement was that the responsible person became aware that
the first Product Disclosure Statement was defective as at the
time when it was prepared, or had become defective by the
time the application was made; and
(c) the financial products are relevant financial products as
defined in section 1016A;
section 1016A applies in relation to the application, from the time
when the applicant is given the Supplementary Product Disclosure
Statement, as if the Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement
had been given to the applicant before the application was made.
Note 1: Because of this subsection and section 1014D (information in a
Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken to be contained
in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements), the application
may be an eligible application as defined in section 1016A, even
though the Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement was not
actually given until after the time when the application was made.
Note 2: The responsible person’s ability to proceed to issue or sell the
financial products pursuant to the application will be affected by
subsection (2), and by sections 1016B, 1016C and 1016D, as those

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 2 Product Disclosure Statements

Section 1016F

374 Corporations Act 2001
provisions apply in relation to the first Product Disclosure Statement
as affected by the Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement and
any other Supplementary Product Disclosure Statements.
(2C) If the responsible person chooses to comply with paragraph (2)(c),
nothing in sections 1016A to 1016D applies to the issue or sale of
the financial products under that paragraph.
Note: This subsection affects the elements of the offences under
sections 1016A to 1016D, and so it is not an exception in relation to
which a defendant bears an evidential burden under subsection 13.3(3)
of the Criminal Code.
(3) For the purpose of working out whether the condition referred to in
paragraph (1)(a) has been satisfied, a person who has agreed to
take a financial product as an underwriter is taken to have applied
for that financial product.
(4) For the purposes of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b), the relevant date in
relation to an express or implied statement is:
(a) if the statement is express or implied in a Product Disclosure
Statement, disregarding the effect of section 1014D—the
date of the Product Disclosure Statement; or
(b) if the statement is express or implied in a Supplementary
Product Disclosure Statement—the date of the
Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement.
(5) For the purposes of this section, defective, when used in relation to
a Product Disclosure Statement at a particular time, means that the
Product Disclosure Statement, if it had been given to a person at
that time, would have been defective as defined in Subdivision A
of Division 7.
Note: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken
to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements
(see section 1014D).
1016F Remedies for person acquiring financial product under
defective Product Disclosure Document
(1) Subject to this section, if a financial product is issued or sold to a
person (the client) in contravention of section 1016E, the client has
the right to return the product and to have the money they paid to
acquire the product repaid. This is so even if the responsible person
is being wound up.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Product Disclosure Statements Division 2

Section 1016F

Corporations Act 2001 375 (2) If the responsible person:
(a) is a body corporate; and
(b) does not repay the money as required by subsection (1);
the directors of the responsible person are personally liable to
repay the money.
(3) The right to return the product must be exercised by notifying the
responsible person in one of the following ways:
(a) in writing; or
(b) electronically; or
(c) in any other way specified in the regulations.
Also, if the regulations require the client to comply with other
requirements in order to exercise the right to return the product,
those other requirements must be complied with.
(4) The right to return the product can only be exercised during the
period of 1 month starting on the date of the issue or sale of the
product to the client.
(5) On the exercise of the right to return the product:
(a) if the product is constituted by a legal relationship between
the client and the issuer of the product—that relationship is,
by force of this section, terminated with effect from that time
without penalty to the client; and
(b) any contract for the acquisition of the product by the client is,
by force of this section, terminated with effect from that time
without penalty to the client.
(6) The regulations may provide for consequences and obligations (in
addition to those provided for by subsection (5)) to apply if the
right to return a financial product is exercised.
(7) The regulations may do any or all of the following:
(a) provide that a specified subclass of financial products that
would otherwise be covered by this section is excluded from
this section;
(b) provide additional requirements to be satisfied before this
section applies in relation to a class or subclass of financial
products;
(c) provide that this section does not apply in relation to the
provision of a financial product in specified circumstances.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017A

376 Corporations Act 2001

Division 3—Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a
financial product
1017A Obligation to give additional information on request
Obligation to give information
(1) The following people may request the person who is the
responsible person for a Product Disclosure Statement for a
financial product under Division 2 to provide further information
about the product:
(a) a person who:
(i) has been or should have been given, or who has
obtained, the Product Disclosure Statement for the
financial product; and
(ii) is not a holder of the financial product;
(b) a financial services licensee;
(c) an authorised representative of a financial services licensee;
(e) a person who is not required to hold an Australian financial
services licence because the person is covered by:
(i) paragraph 911A(2)(j); or
(ii) an exemption in regulations made for the purposes of
paragraph 911A(2)(k); or
(iii) an exemption specified by ASIC for the purposes of
paragraph 911A(2)(l).
(2) The responsible person must give the person the information if:
(a) the financial product is offered in this jurisdiction or the
Product Disclosure Statement is given or obtained in this
jurisdiction; and
(b) the responsible person has previously made the information
generally available to the public; and
(c) the information might reasonably influence a person’s
decision, as a retail client, whether to acquire a financial
product to which the Statement relates; and
(d) it is reasonably practicable for the responsible person to give
the person the information; and
(e) the person pays any charge payable under subsection (5).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product Division 3

Section 1017A

Corporations Act 2001 377 The responsible person does not need to give information that is
contained in the Product Disclosure Statement.
Note 1: Paragraph (b)—This requirement means that the responsible person
does not have to disclose material that is confidential because it is:
(a) an internal working document; or
(b) personal information about another person; or
(c) a trade secret or other information that has a commercial value
that would be reduced or destroyed by the disclosure; or
(d) material that the responsible person owes another a person a duty
not to disclose.
Note 2: Information in a Supplementary Product Disclosure Statement is taken
to be contained in the Product Disclosure Statement it supplements
(see section 1014D).
(3) The responsible person must take reasonable steps to ensure that,
as soon as practicable after receiving the request, and in any event
within one month, subsection (2) is complied with.
Manner of giving information
(4) The responsible person may give the person making the request the
information:
(a) by making a document containing the information available
for inspection by the person:
(i) at a suitable place (having adequate facilities for the
person to inspect and photocopy the document); and
(ii) during normal business hours; or
(b) in some other way that is agreed between the responsible
person and the person making the request.
Issuer or seller may charge for giving information
(5) The responsible person may require the person making the request
to pay a charge for obtaining the information.
(6) The amount of the charge must not exceed the reasonable costs that
the responsible person incurs that are reasonably related to giving
the information (including any costs incurred in photocopying the
document containing the information).
Note: This would include the costs of searching for, obtaining and collating
the information.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017B

378 Corporations Act 2001
1017B Ongoing disclosure of material changes and significant events
Issuer to notify holders of changes and events
(1) If:
(a) a person (the holder) acquired a financial product as a retail
client (whether or not it was acquired from the issuer); and
(b) either:
(i) the financial product was offered in this jurisdiction; or
(ii) the holder applied for the financial product in this
jurisdiction; and
(c) the product is not specified in regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph; and
(d) the circumstances in which the product was acquired are not
specified in regulations made for the purposes of this
paragraph;
the issuer must, in accordance with subsections (3) to (8), notify
the holder of changes and events referred to in subsection (1A).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
The changes and events that must be notified
(1A) The changes and events that must be notified are:
(a) any material change to a matter, or significant event that
affects a matter, being a matter that would have been
required to be specified in a Product Disclosure Statement for
the financial product prepared on the day before the change
or event occurs; and
(b) any other change, event or other matter of a kind specified in
regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: Paragraph (a) applies whether or not a Product Disclosure Statement
for the financial product was in fact prepared (or required to be
prepared) on the day before the change or event occurs.
(2) The issuer does not need to give the notice if the financial product
is a managed investment product that is an ED security.
Note 1: The continuous disclosure provisions in Chapter 6CA
(sections 674-677) apply to managed investment products that are ED
securities.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product Division 3

Section 1017B

Corporations Act 2001 379
Note 2: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection.
(3) The issuer must notify the holder in one of the following ways:
(a) in writing; or
(b) electronically; or
(c) in a way specified in the regulations.
(4) The notice must give the holder the information that is reasonably
necessary for the holder to understand the nature and effect of the
change or event.
Time for notifying holders
(5) The time within which the issuer must give the notice is set out in
the following table:

Time for giving notice of change or event

Nature of change or event Time for giving notice
1 Change or event is not an
increase in fees or charges Subject to subsection (6),
before the change or event
occurs or as soon as
practicable after, but not more
than 3 months after, the
change or event occurs
2 Change is an increase in fees
or charges 30 days before the change
takes effect
(6) If the change or event is not an increase in fees or charges, the
notice may be given more than 3 months after the change or event
occurs if:
(a) the issuer reasonably believes that the event is not adverse to
the holder’s interests and accordingly the holder would not
be expected to be concerned about the delay in receiving the
information; and
(b) the notice is given no later than 12 months after the change or
event occurs.
(7) If the change or event might result in an increase in fees or charges,
this section applies to the change or event as if it would result in an
increase in fees or charges.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017C

380 Corporations Act 2001 (8) In any proceedings against the issuer for an offence based on
subsection (1), it is a defence if the issuer took reasonable steps to
ensure that the other person would be notified of the matters
required by subsection (1) in accordance with subsections (3) to
(8).
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
subsection (8). See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(9) In this section:
fees or charges does not include fees or charges payable under a
law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory.
1017C Information for existing holders of superannuation products
and RSA products
Application
(1) This section applies to the issuer of a financial product if the
product is:
(a) a superannuation product; or
(b) an RSA product.
Information for concerned person related to a superannuation
product
(2) If the financial product is a superannuation product, then, subject to
subsection (4), the issuer must, on request by a concerned person,
give the concerned person information that the concerned person
reasonably requires for the purposes of:
(a) understanding any benefit entitlements that the concerned
person may have, has or used to have under the
superannuation product; or
(b) understanding the main features of:
(i) the relevant sub-plan; or
(ii) if there is no relevant sub-plan—the superannuation
entity; or
(c) making an informed judgment about the management and
financial condition of:
(i) the superannuation entity; and
(ii) the relevant sub-plan (if any); or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product Division 3

Section 1017C

Corporations Act 2001 381 (d) making an informed judgment about the investment
performance of:
(i) the relevant sub-plan; or
(ii) if there is no relevant sub-plan—the superannuation
entity; or
(e) understanding the particular investments of:
(i) the superannuation entity; and
(ii) the relevant sub-plan (if any).
The information must be given in accordance with the other
requirements of this section.
Note 1: Subsection (9) defines concerned person and relevant sub-plan.
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Information for concerned person related to an RSA product
(2A) If the financial product is an RSA product, then, subject to
subsection (4), the issuer must, on request by a concerned person,
give the concerned person information that the concerned person
reasonably requires for the purposes of:
(a) understanding any benefit entitlements that the concerned
person may have, has or used to have under the RSA product;
or
(b) understanding the main features of the RSA product.
The information must be given in accordance with the other
requirements of this section.
Note 1: Subsection (9) defines concerned person.
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Information for employer-sponsor related to a superannuation
product
(3) If the financial product is a superannuation product, then, subject to
subsection (4), the issuer must, on request by an employer-sponsor,
give the employer-sponsor information that the employer-sponsor
reasonably requires for the purposes of:
(a) understanding the kinds of benefits to which the
employer-sponsor’s employees are entitled or will or may
become entitled; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017C

382 Corporations Act 2001 (b) understanding the main features of:
(i) the relevant sub-plan; or
(ii) if there is no relevant sub-plan—the superannuation
entity; or
(c) making an informed judgment about the management and
financial condition of:
(i) the superannuation entity; and
(ii) the relevant sub-plan (if any); or
(d) making an informed judgment about the investment
performance of:
(i) the relevant sub-plan; or
(ii) if there is no relevant sub-plan—the superannuation
entity; or
(e) a matter related to the Superannuation Guarantee
(Administration) Act 1992.
The information must be given in accordance with the other
requirements of this section.
Note 1: Subsection (9) defines relevant sub-plan.
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Information for employer related to an RSA product
(3A) If the financial product is an RSA product, then, subject to
subsection (4), the issuer must, on request by an employer who
made an application to acquire the RSA product on behalf of an
employee, give the employer information that the employer
reasonably requires for the purposes of:
(a) understanding the kinds of benefits to which the employer’s
employees are entitled or will or may become entitled; or
(b) understanding the main features of the RSA product; or
(c) a matter related to the Superannuation Guarantee
(Administration) Act 1992.
The information must be given in accordance with the other
requirements of this section.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product Division 3

Section 1017C

Corporations Act 2001 383 Exceptions
(4) This section does not require (and does not, by implication,
authorise) the disclosure of:
(a) internal working documents of the issuer; or
(b) information or documents that would disclose, or tend to
disclose:
(i) personal information of another person if, in the
circumstances, the disclosure would be unreasonable; or
(ii) trade secrets or other information having a commercial
value that would be reduced or destroyed by the
disclosure; or
(c) information or documents in relation to which the issuer
owes to another person a duty of non-disclosure.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
Specific requirements
(5) The issuer must, on request in writing by a person who is a
concerned person, an employer-sponsor (if the financial product is
a superannuation product) or an employer referred to in
subsection (3A) (if the financial product is an RSA product), give
the person:
(a) a copy of a prescribed document (to the extent the issuer has
access to the document) specified in the request; or
(b) prescribed information (to the extent to which the issuer has
or has access to the information) specified in the request.
The document or information must be given in accordance with the
other requirements of this section.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(6) Subsection (5) does not apply if the issuer is the trustee of a
self-managed superannuation fund.
Documents may be made available for inspection
(7) It is sufficient compliance with a requirement imposed by this
section on the issuer to give information, or to give a copy of a
document, to a person (the client) if:

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Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
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Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017D

384 Corporations Act 2001 (a) a document containing the information; or
(b) a copy of the document;
is made available for inspection by the issuer:
(c) at a suitable place (having adequate facilities for the person
to inspect and photocopy the document); and
(d) during normal business hours;
or as otherwise agreed between the issuer for the financial product
and the client.
Time for compliance
(8) The issuer must comply with a request to give information, or a
copy of a document, as soon as practicable. The issuer must, in any
event, make reasonable efforts to comply with the request within 1
month of receiving the request.
Definitions
(9) In this section:
concerned person:
(a) in relation to a superannuation product—means a person
who:
(i) is, or was within the preceding 12 months, a member of
the superannuation entity; or
(ii) is a beneficiary of the superannuation entity; or
(b) in relation to an RSA product—means a person who:
(i) is, or was within the preceding 12 months, a holder of
the RSA product; or
(ii) has a right or a claim under the RSA product.
relevant sub-plan, in relation to a superannuation product, has the
meaning given by the regulations.
1017D Periodic statements for retail clients for financial products
that have an investment component
(1) If:
(a) a person (the holder) of a financial product acquired the
financial product as a retail client (whether or not it was
acquired from the issuer); and

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Section 1017D

Corporations Act 2001 385 (b) the product is:
(i) a managed investment product; or
(ii) a superannuation product; or
(iii) an RSA product; or
(iv) an investment life insurance product; or
(v) a deposit product; or
(vi) specified in regulations made for the purposes of this
paragraph; and
(c) either:
(i) the financial product was offered in this jurisdiction; or
(ii) the holder applied for the financial product in this
jurisdiction;
the issuer of the product must, in accordance with subsections (2)
to (6), give the holder a periodic statement for each reporting
period during which the holder holds the product.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) The following provisions apply in relation to reporting periods:
(a) each reporting period lasts for a period, not exceeding 1 year,
determined by the issuer;
(b) the first reporting period starts when the holder acquired the
product;
(c) each subsequent reporting period starts at the end of the
preceding reporting period;
(d) if the holder ceases to hold the product, the period starting at
the end of the preceding reporting period and ending when
the holder ceases to hold the product is a reporting period.
(3) The periodic statement must be given as soon as practicable after,
and in any event within 6 months after, the end of the reporting
period to which it relates.
(4) The periodic statement must give the holder the information that
the issuer reasonably believes the holder needs to understand his or
her investment in the financial product.
(5) The periodic statement must include the following if they are
relevant to the financial product:
(a) opening and closing balances for the reporting period;

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Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017D

386 Corporations Act 2001 (b) the termination value of the investment at the end of the
reporting period (to the extent to which it is reasonably
practicable to calculate that value for the investment or a
component of the investment);
(c) details of transactions in relation to the product during the
reporting period as required by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph;
(d) any increases in contributions in relation to the financial
product by the holder or another person during the reporting
period;
(e) return on investment during the reporting period (on an
individual basis if reasonably practicable to do so and
otherwise on a fund basis);
(f) details of any change in circumstances affecting the
investment that has not been notified since the previous
periodic statement;
(g) details prescribed by regulations made for the purposes of
this paragraph.
(5A) Unless in accordance with the regulations:
(a) for information to be disclosed in accordance with
paragraphs (5)(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), any amounts are to be
stated in dollars; and
(b) for any other information in relation to amounts paid by the
holder of the financial product during the period, any
amounts are to be stated in dollars.
(6) The periodic statement must be given in one of the following ways:
(a) in writing; or
(b) electronically; or
(c) in a way specified in the regulations.
(7) The periodic statement need not be given if the issuer has already
given the holder all the information that would be included in the
periodic statement if it were to be given.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection.

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Section 1017DA

Corporations Act 2001 387
1017DA Trustees of superannuation entities—regulations may
specify additional obligations to provide information
(1) The regulations may:
(a) require the trustee of a superannuation entity to do all or any
of the following:
(i) provide information to the holder of a superannuation
product (being an interest in that entity) with
information relating to the management, financial
condition and investment performance of the entity
and/or of any relevant sub-plan (within the meaning of
section 1017C);
(ii) provide information to the holder or former holder of a
superannuation product (being an interest in that entity),
or to any other person to whom benefits under the
product are payable, with information relating to his or
her benefit entitlements;
(iii) provide information to the holder of a superannuation
product (being an interest in the entity) with information
about arrangements for dealing with inquiries and/or
complaints relating to the product; or
(b) require an RSA provider to do either or both of the
following:
(i) provide information to the holder or former holder of an
RSA product provided by the RSA provider, or to any
other person to whom benefits under the product are
payable, with information relating to his or her benefit
entitlements;
(ii) provide information to the holder of an RSA product
provided by the RSA provider with information about
arrangements for dealing with inquiries and/or
complaints relating to the product.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), regulations made for the purposes
of that subsection may deal with all or any of the following:
(a) what information is to be provided;
(b) when information is to be provided;
(c) how information is to be provided.
(3) The trustee of a superannuation entity, or an RSA provider, must
provide information in accordance with any applicable

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Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017E

388 Corporations Act 2001 requirements of regulations made for the purposes of
subsection (1).
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) In this section:
RSA provider has the same meaning as in the Retirement Savings
Accounts Act 1997.
superannuation entity has the same meaning as in the
Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993.
1017E Dealing with money received for financial product before the
product is issued
(1) This section applies to money paid to:
(a) an issuer (the product provider) of financial products; or
(b) a seller (the product provider) of financial products in
relation to which the seller has prepared a Product Disclosure
Statement;
if:
(c) the money is paid to acquire, or acquire an increased interest
in, one or more of those financial products from the product
provider (whether or not the acquisition would be by a person
as a retail client); and
(d) the product provider does not, for whatever reason, issue or
transfer the product or products, or the increased interest,
immediately after receiving the money; and
(e) either:
(i) the financial product or increased interest was offered in
this jurisdiction; or
(ii) the application for the financial product or increased
interest was made in this jurisdiction; or
(iii) the money was received in this jurisdiction.
(2) The product provider must ensure that the money is paid into an
account that satisfies these requirements:
(a) the account is:
(i) with an Australian ADI; or

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Section 1017E

Corporations Act 2001 389 (ii) of a kind prescribed by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph;
and is designated as an account for the purposes of this
section of this Act; and
(b) the only money paid into the account is:
(i) money to which this section applies; or
(ii) interest on the amount from time to time standing to the
credit of the account; and
(c) if regulations made for the purposes of this paragraph impose
additional requirements—the requirements so imposed by the
regulations.
The money must be paid into the account on the day it is received
by the product provider, or on the next business day.
Note: See section 1021O for related offences.
(2A) Subject to subsection (2C), the money is taken to be held in trust
by the product provider for the benefit of the person who paid the
money.
(2C) The regulations may:
(a) provide that subsection (2A) does not apply in relation to
money in specified circumstances; and
(b) provide for matters relating to the taking of money to be held
in trust (including, for example, terms on which the money is
taken to be held in trust and circumstances in which it is no
longer taken to be held in trust).
(3) The money must only be taken out of the account if:
(a) it is taken out for the purpose of return to the person by
whom it was paid; or
(b) the product is issued or transferred to, or in accordance with
the instructions of, that person; or
(c) it is taken out for a purpose specified by regulations made for
the purposes of this paragraph; or
(d) it is taken out in a situation specified by regulations made for
the purposes of this paragraph.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(4) The product provider must:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017F

390 Corporations Act 2001 (a) return the money; or
(b) issue or transfer the product to, or in accordance with the
instructions of, the person who paid the money; or
(c) if the money is taken out:
(i) for a purpose specified by regulations made for the
purposes of paragraph (3)(c); or
(ii) in a situation specified by regulations made for the
purposes of paragraph (3)(d);
do any action required, by regulations made for the purposes
of this paragraph, after taking out that money;
either:
(d) before the end of one month starting on the day on which the
money was received; or
(e) if it is not reasonably practicable to do so before the end of
that month—by the end of such longer period as is
reasonable in the circumstances.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(5) The product provider may, for the purposes of this section,
maintain a single account or 2 or more accounts.
(6) Nothing in this section, or in regulations made for the purposes of
this section, makes the body (not being the product provider) that
the account is with under paragraph (2)(a) subject to any liability
merely because of a failure by the product provider to comply with
any of the provisions of this section or those regulations.
1017F Confirming transactions
Transactions to which this section applies
(1) This section applies in relation to a transaction involving a
financial product if:
(a) a person (the holder) acquired the product as a retail client;
and
(b) the transaction is:
(i) the transaction by which the holder acquired the
product; or

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Section 1017F

Corporations Act 2001 391 (ii) a transaction that occurs while the holder holds the
product, including a transaction by which the holder
disposes of all or part of the product (and see also
subsection (3)); and
(c) the transaction is not one that does not require confirmation
because of subsection (4); and
(d) the holder has not, in accordance with regulations made for
the purposes of paragraph (9)(d), waived their right to be
provided with confirmation of the transaction; and
(e) either:
(i) the financial product was offered to, or acquired by, the
holder in this jurisdiction; or
(ii) the transaction takes place in this jurisdiction.
Note: This section extends to financial products that are securities (see
section 1010A).
Obligation to confirm transactions
(2) The person (the responsible person) specified in column 3 of an
item in the following table must provide the holder with
confirmation of the transaction specified in column 2 of the same
item. The confirmation must be provided in accordance with
subsections (5) to (8).

Who bears the obligation to confirm a transaction
Item Transaction Whose obligation?
1 transaction by which the holder acquired
the financial product, unless that
transaction was a sale pursuant to an offer
to which section 1012C applies the issuer of the product
2 transaction by which the holder acquired
the financial product, where that
transaction was a sale pursuant to an offer
to which section 1012C applies the seller of the product
3 any other transaction in relation to the
financial product that occurs while the
holder holds the product, other than a
disposal of all or part of the product the issuer of the product

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purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017F

392 Corporations Act 2001
Who bears the obligation to confirm a transaction
Item Transaction Whose obligation?
4 transaction by which the holder disposes of
all or part of the financial product the person specified in the
regulations made for the
purposes of this item
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Examples of transactions that are covered by
subparagraph (1)(b)(ii)
(3) Without limiting the generality of subparagraph (1)(b)(ii), the
transactions that are covered by that subparagraph include:
(a) varying the terms of the financial product while the holder
holds the product (unless subsection (4) provides that the
variation does not require confirmation); and
(b) the redemption or surrender of the financial product from or
by the holder.
Transactions that do not require confirmation
(4) The following transactions do not require confirmation:
(a) a transaction consisting solely of an additional contribution
towards the financial product in either of the following
circumstances:
(i) the timing and amount, or method of calculating the
amount, of the additional contribution was agreed on
when the product was acquired by the holder;
(ii) the additional contribution is an amount that is payable
under the terms of the product because of an increase in
an external factor, such as a person’s salary, an inflation
index or a rate of a tax or levy;
(b) if the financial product is a security—a transaction consisting
solely of a variation of the rights attaching to the security;
(c) if the financial product is a deposit product—any of the
following transactions:
(i) a withdrawal from the deposit product pursuant to a
cheque drawn on the account;

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Section 1017F

Corporations Act 2001 393 (ii) a deposit to, or withdrawal from, the deposit product
under a direct credit arrangement or a direct debit
arrangement;
(iii) crediting interest to the deposit product;
(iv) debiting the deposit product for fees or charges in
respect of the product or transactions involving the
product;
(v) debiting the deposit product for charges or duties on
deposits into, or withdrawals from, the product that are
payable under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State
or Territory;
(vi) a transaction of a kind specified in regulations made for
the purposes of this subparagraph;
(d) a variation of the terms of all financial products in the class
to which the financial product belongs;
(e) a transaction of a kind specified in regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph.
Note 1: Because of subparagraph (a)(i), confirmation is not required, e.g., for
regular monthly contributions to a superannuation fund.
Note 2: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection.
Confirmation may be provided on a transaction-by-transaction
basis or by means of a standing facility
(5) Confirmation of a transaction must be provided:
(a) by confirming the transaction in accordance with
subsections (6) to (8), to the holder as soon as is reasonably
practicable after the transaction occurs; or
(b) subject to subsection (5A), by providing the holder with
access to a facility through which they can, for themselves,
get a confirmation of the transaction in accordance with
subsections (6) to (8) as soon as is reasonably practicable
after the transaction occurs.
An arrangement under which the holder may request or require
another person to provide a confirmation does not count as a
facility that satisfies paragraph (b).

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Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017F

394 Corporations Act 2001 When confirmation may be provided by means of a standing
facility
(5A) Confirmation may only be provided by means of a facility as
mentioned in paragraph (5)(b) if:
(a) the holder concerned has agreed that confirmation of
transactions involving the product may be provided by means
of the facility; or
(b) the holder concerned:
(i) has, in accordance with the applicable requirements (if
any) in regulations made for the purposes of this
subparagraph, been informed, by or on behalf of the
responsible person, about the facility and its availability
to the holder as a means of obtaining confirmation of
transactions involving the product; and
(ii) has not advised the responsible person that the holder
does not agree to use the facility as a means of obtaining
such confirmations.
Means of confirmation
(6) The confirmation of the transaction:
(a) must be:
(i) in writing; or
(ii) electronic; or
(iii) in some other form applicable under regulations made
for the purposes of this paragraph; and
(b) may be provided:
(i) in a case to which paragraph (5)(a) applies—directly by
the responsible person or through another person (such
as a financial services licensee); or
(ii) in a case to which paragraph (5)(b) applies—through a
facility provided directly by the responsible person, or
provided on behalf of the responsible person by
someone else.
Content of confirmation
(7) The confirmation of the transaction must give the holder the
information that the responsible person reasonably believes the
holder needs (having regard to the information the holder has

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Section 1017F

Corporations Act 2001 395 received before the transaction) to understand the nature of the
transaction.
(8) Without limiting subsection (7), the confirmation of the transaction
must:
(a) identify the issuer and the holder; and
(b) if required to be given by a person other than the issuer—
identify that person; and
(c) give details of the transaction, including:
(i) the date of the transaction; and
(ii) a description of the transaction; and
(iii) subject to regulations made for the purposes of this
subparagraph—any amount paid or payable by the
holder in relation to the transaction; and
(iv) subject to any regulations made for the purposes of this
subparagraph—any taxes and stamp duties payable in
relation to the transaction; and
(d) give any other details prescribed by regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph.
Regulations may provide for modification or waiver of
confirmation obligation
(9) The regulations may do all or any of the following:
(a) modify subsection (2) to change the person required to
provide confirmation of a transaction;
(b) modify subsections (5) and (6) to expand on or change the
way in which confirmation of a transaction must be provided
in particular circumstances;
(c) modify subsections (7) and (8) to expand on or change the
information that must be included in the confirmation of a
transaction in particular circumstances;
(d) specify the circumstances in which a person may waive the
right to be provided with confirmation of a transaction, and
specify how such a waiver may be made.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 3 Other disclosure obligations of the issuer of a financial product

Section 1017G

396 Corporations Act 2001
1017G Certain product issuers and regulated persons must meet
appropriate dispute resolution requirements
(1) If:
(a) particular financial products are, or have been, available for
acquisition (whether by issue or sale) by a person or persons
as retail clients; and
(b) the issue or sale of those products is not covered by an
Australian financial services licence;
both the issuer, and any regulated person obliged under subsection
1012C(5), (6) or (8) to give a retail client a Product Disclosure
Statement for one or more of those financial products, must each
have a dispute resolution system complying with subsection (2).
Note 1: If the issue of particular financial products is covered by an Australian
financial services licence, the requirement to have a dispute resolution
system relating to the issue of the products is imposed by paragraph
912A(1)(g).
Note 2: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) To comply with this subsection, a dispute resolution system must
consist of:
(a) an internal dispute resolution procedure that:
(i) complies with standards, and requirements, made or
approved by ASIC in accordance with regulations made
for the purposes of this subparagraph; and
(ii) covers complaints, against the person required to have
the system, made by retail clients in relation to financial
services provided in relation to any of those products;
and
(b) membership of one or more external dispute resolution
schemes that:
(i) is, or are, approved by ASIC in accordance with
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;
and
(ii) covers, or together cover, complaints (other than
complaints that may be dealt with by the
Superannuation Complaints Tribunal established by
section 6 of the Superannuation (Resolution of
Complaints) Act 1993), against the person required to
have the system, made by retail clients in relation to

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Section 1017G

Corporations Act 2001 397 financial services provided in relation to any of those
products.
(3) Regulations made for the purposes of subparagraph (2)(a)(i) or
(2)(b)(i) may also deal with the variation or revocation of:
(a) standards or requirements made by ASIC; or
(b) approvals given by ASIC.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 4 Advertising for financial products

Section 1018A

398 Corporations Act 2001

Division 4—Advertising for financial products
1018A Advertising or other promotional material for financial
product must refer to Product Disclosure Statement
Advertisements and promotional material must identify issuer (or
issuer and seller) and refer to Product Disclosure Statement
(1) Subject to this section, if a particular financial product is available
for acquisition by persons as retail clients (whether or not it is also
available for acquisition by persons as wholesale clients) by way of
issue, or pursuant to sale offers to which section 1012C applies or
will apply, a person must only:
(a) advertise the product; or
(b) publish a statement that is reasonably likely to induce people
to acquire the product;
if the advertisement or statement:
(c) identifies:
(i) if the product is available by way of issue—the issuer of
the product; or
(ii) if the product is available pursuant to sale offers to
which section 1012C applies or will apply—the issuer
of the product and the seller of the product; and
(d) indicates that a Product Disclosure Statement for the product
is available and where it can be obtained; and
(e) indicates that a person should consider the Product
Disclosure Statement in deciding whether to acquire, or to
continue to hold, the product.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Subject to this section, if a particular financial product, or proposed
financial product, is not available for acquisition by persons as
retail clients but it is reasonably likely that the product will become
so available (whether or not it is, or will also become, available for
acquisition by persons as wholesale clients) by way of issue, or
pursuant to sale offers to which section 1012C will apply, a person
must only:
(a) advertise the product; or

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Advertising for financial products Division 4

Section 1018A

Corporations Act 2001 399 (b) publish a statement that is reasonably likely to induce people
to acquire the product;
if the advertisement or statement:
(c) identifies:
(i) if the product is likely to be so available by way of
issue—the issuer of the product; or
(ii) if the product is likely to be so available pursuant to sale
offers to which section 1012C will apply—the issuer of
the product and the seller of the product; and
(d) indicates that a Product Disclosure Statement for the product
will be made available when the product is released or
otherwise becomes available; and
(e) indicates when and where the Product Disclosure Statement
is expected to be made available; and
(f) indicates that a person should consider the Product
Disclosure Statement in deciding whether to acquire, or
continue to hold, the product.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
Distribution of disclosure document
(3) A person may distribute a Product Disclosure Statement without
contravening subsection (1) or (2). This does not apply if an order
under section 1020E is in force in relation to the product.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this section. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
General exceptions
(4) An advertisement or publication does not contravene subsection (1)
or (2) if it:
(a) relates to a financial product that is able to be traded on a
financial market and consists of a notice or report by the
issuer of the product, or one of its officers, about its affairs to
the market operator; or
(b) consists solely of a notice or report of a general meeting of
the issuer; or
(c) consists solely of a report about the issuer that is published
by the issuer and:

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 4 Advertising for financial products

Section 1018A

400 Corporations Act 2001 (i) does not contain information that materially affects
affairs of the issuer, other than information previously
made available in a Product Disclosure Statement that
has been distributed or disclosure document that has
been lodged with ASIC, an annual report or a notice or
report referred to in paragraph (a) or (b); and
(ii) does not refer (whether directly or indirectly) to the
offer of the financial product; or
(d) is a news report, or is genuine comment, in the media relating
to:
(i) a Product Disclosure Statement that has been distributed
or disclosure document that has been lodged with ASIC;
or
(ii) information contained in such a Statement or document;
or
(iii) a notice or report covered by paragraph (a), (b) or (c); or
(e) is a report about the financial products of the issuer published
by someone who is not:
(i) the issuer; or
(ii) acting at the instigation of, or by arrangement with, the
issuer; or
(iii) a director of the issuer; or
(iv) a person who has an interest in the success of the issue
or sale of the financial product.
Paragraphs (d) and (e) do not apply if anyone gives consideration
or another benefit for publishing the report.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this section. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
Liability of publishers
(5) A person does not contravene subsection (1) or (2) by publishing
an advertisement or statement if the person:
(a) publishes it in the ordinary course of a media business; and
(b) did not know, and had no reason to suspect, that its
publication would amount to a contravention of a provision
of this section.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this section. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Advertising for financial products Division 4

Section 1018B

Corporations Act 2001 401 Meaning of media
(6) For the purposes of this section, the media consists of:
(a) newspapers and magazines; and
(b) radio and television broadcasting services; and
(c) electronic services (including services provided through the
Internet) that:
(i) are operated on a commercial basis; and
(ii) are similar to newspapers, magazines or radio or
television broadcasts.
1018B Prohibition on advertising personal offers covered by
section 1012E
(1) A person must not advertise an offer, or intended offer, of financial
products that would not need a Product Disclosure Statement
because of section 1012E.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) A person does not contravene subsection (1) by publishing an
advertisement or statement if the person:
(a) publishes it in the ordinary course of a media business; and
(b) did not know, and had no reason to suspect, that a Product
Disclosure Statement was needed.
For this purpose, media has the same meaning as it has in
section 1018A.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this section. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 5 Cooling-off periods

Section 1019A

402 Corporations Act 2001

Division 5—Cooling-off periods
1019A Situations in which this Division applies
(1) Subject to subsection (2), this Division applies if:
(a) a financial product of one of the following classes is provided
in this jurisdiction to a person as a retail client after the
commencement of this Chapter:
(i) risk insurance products;
(ii) investment life insurance products;
(iii) managed investment products;
(iv) superannuation products;
(v) RSA products; and
(b) the product is provided to the person:
(i) by way of issue; or
(ii) by way of sale pursuant to an offer to which
section 1012C applies.
(2) The regulations may do any or all of the following:
(a) provide that a specified subclass of financial products that
would otherwise be covered by a subparagraph of
paragraph (1)(a) are excluded from that subparagraph;
(b) provide additional requirements to be satisfied before this
Division applies in relation to a class or subclass of financial
products;
(c) provide that this Division does not apply in relation to the
provision of a financial product in specified circumstances.
(3) In this Division:
(a) the person referred to in paragraph (1)(a) is the client; and
(b) the person who issues or sells the product to the client is the
responsible person.
1019B Cooling-off period for return of financial product
(1) Subject to this section, the client has the right to return the
financial product to the responsible person and to have the money

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Cooling-off periods Division 5

Section 1019B

Corporations Act 2001 403 they paid to acquire the product repaid. This is so even if the
responsible person is being wound up.
(2) The right to return the product must be exercised by notifying the
responsible person in one of the following ways:
(a) in writing; or
(b) electronically; or
(c) in any other way specified in the regulations.
Also, if the regulations require the client to comply with other
requirements in order to exercise the right to return the product,
those other requirements must be complied with.
(3) The right to return the product can only be exercised during the
period of 14 days starting on the earlier of:
(a) the time when the confirmation requirement (if applicable) is
complied with; or
(b) the end of the 5th day after the day on which the product was
issued or sold to the client.
(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the confirmation requirement is
complied with when:
(a) the client receives confirmation, as mentioned in paragraph
1017F(5)(a), of the transaction by which they acquired the
product; or
(b) confirmation of that transaction is available to the client by a
facility as mentioned in paragraph 1017F(5)(b).
(5) The right to return the product (and have money paid to acquire it
repaid) cannot be exercised at any time after:
(a) the client has (whether before or after the start of the period
referred to in subsection (3)) exercised a right or power that
they have under the terms applicable to the product; or
(b) the time (whether before or after the start of the period
referred to in subsection (3)) at which, under the terms
applicable to the product, the client’s rights or powers in
respect of the product end.
Note: So, e.g.:
(a) if the product is a contract of insurance, the right to return cannot
be exercised after the client has made a claim under the contract
of insurance; and

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 5 Cooling-off periods

Section 1019B

404 Corporations Act 2001
(b) if the product is a contract of insurance covering a period of only
one week, the right to return cannot be exercised after the end of
that week.
(5A) The regulations may specify other circumstances in which the right
to return the product (and have money paid to acquire it repaid)
cannot be exercised.
(6) On the exercise of the right to return the product:
(a) if the product is constituted by a legal relationship between
the client and the issuer of the product—that relationship is,
by force of this section, terminated with effect from that time
without penalty to the client; and
(b) any contract for the acquisition of the product by the client is,
by force of this section, terminated with effect from that time
without penalty to the client.
(7) The regulations may provide for consequences and obligations (in
addition to those provided for by subsection (6)) to apply if the
right to return a financial product is exercised.
(8) The regulations may provide that, in specified circumstances, the
amount to be repaid on exercise of the right to return a financial
product is to be increased or reduced in accordance with the
regulations.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products off-market Division 5A

Section 1019C

Corporations Act 2001 405

Division 5A—Unsolicited offers to purchase financial
products off-market
1019C Definitions
In this Division:
date of offer has the meaning given by subsection 1019I(1).
offeree, in relation to an offer to which this Division applies, has
the meaning given by subsection 1019D(1).
offeror, in relation to an offer to which this Division applies, has
the meaning given by subsection 1019D(1).
offer to which this Division applies means an offer to which this
Division applies because of section 1019D.
1019D Offers to which this Division applies
(1) This Division applies to an offer in relation to which the following
paragraphs are satisfied:
(a) the offer is an unsolicited offer to purchase a financial
product made by a person (the offeror) to another person (the
offeree);
(b) the offer is made otherwise than on a licensed market;
(c) one or more of the following apply:
(i) the offer is made in the course of a business of
purchasing financial products;
(ii) the offeror was not in a personal or business relationship
with the offeree before the making of the offer;
(iii) the offer is made in circumstances specified in
regulations made for the purposes of this subparagraph;
(d) the offer is not:
(i) made to the issuer of the financial products; or
(ii) to buy back shares under a buy-back authorised by
section 257A; or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 5A Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products off-market

Section 1019E

406 Corporations Act 2001 (iii) made under a compromise or arrangement approved at a
meeting held as a result of an order under subsection
411(1) or (1A); or
(iv) to acquire securities under an off-market bid; or
(v) to compulsorily acquire or buy out securities under
Chapter 6A; or
(vi) to acquire shares from a dissenting shareholder under
section 414; or
(vii) made in relation to particular financial products that are
specified in regulations made for the purposes of this
subparagraph; or
(viii) made in circumstances that are specified in regulations
made for the purposes of this subparagraph;
(e) the offer is made or received in this jurisdiction.
(2) The regulations may clarify:
(a) when an offer is, or is not, made in the course of a business
of purchasing financial products; or
(b) when an offeror was, or was not, in a previous personal or
business relationship with an offeree.
Regulations made for the purposes of this subsection have effect
despite anything else in this section.
1019E How offers are to be made
(1) An offer to which this Division applies must not be made
otherwise than by sending an offer document in printed or
electronic form to the offeree in accordance with the following
requirements:
(a) the document must be sent to an address of the offeree
(which may be an electronic address);
(b) either the envelope or the container in which it is sent, or the
message that accompanies it, must be addressed to the
offeree.
(2) The offer document must be sent to the offeree as soon as
practicable after the date of offer.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products off-market Division 5A

Section 1019F

Corporations Act 2001 407
1019F Prohibition on inviting offers to sell
A person must not invite another person to make an offer to sell a
financial product in circumstances in which, if the invitation were
instead an offer to purchase the financial product, that offer would
be an offer to which this Division applies.
1019G Duration and withdrawal of offers
(1) An offer to which this Division applies cannot remain open more
than 12 months after the date of offer.
(2) The offer may be withdrawn by the offeror at any time, but not
within 1 month of the date of offer.
(3) The offer may only be withdrawn by the offeror by sending a
withdrawal document in printed or electronic form to the offeree in
accordance with paragraphs 1019E(1)(a) and (b). The withdrawal
document must identify the offeror and be dated.
(4) A purported withdrawal of the offer contrary to subsection (2) or
(3) is ineffective.
1019H Terms of offer cannot be varied
(1) The terms of an offer to which this Division applies, as set out in
the offer document, cannot be varied.
(2) A purported variation of the terms of the offer is ineffective.
(3) This section does not:
(a) affect the offeror’s obligation under section 1019J to update
the market value of the financial product to which the offer
relates; or
(b) prevent the offeror from withdrawing the offer in accordance
with section 1019G or paragraph 1019J(2)(a) and making
another offer on different terms; or
(c) prevent the offeree from making a counter-offer on different
terms.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 5A Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products off-market

Section 1019I

408 Corporations Act 2001
1019I Contents of offer document
(1) The offer document by which an offer to which this Division
applies is made must identify the offeror and be dated (this date is
the date of offer).
(2) The offer document must also contain the following:
(a) the price at which the offeror wishes to purchase the financial
products;
(b) if the financial product is able to be traded on a licensed
market and there is a market value for the product as traded
on that market—the market value of the product as at the
date of offer;
(c) if paragraph (b) does not apply—a fair estimate of the value
of the product as at the date of offer, and an explanation of
the basis on which that estimate was made;
(d) the period during which the offer remains open (which must
be consistent with subsection 1019G(1));
(e) a statement to the effect that the offer may be withdrawn by
sending a withdrawal document to the offeree, but generally
not within 1 month of the date of offer;
(f) any other information specified in regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph.
(3) The regulations may clarify:
(a) the manner in which a fair estimate of the value of a financial
product (see paragraph (2)(c)) is to be worked out; and
(b) the level of detail required in the explanation of the basis on
which the estimate was made.
Regulations made for the purposes of this subsection have effect
despite anything else in this section.
(4) The offer document must be worded and presented in a clear,
concise and effective manner.
1019J Obligation to update market value
(1) This section applies if:
(a) the offer document by which an offer to which this Division
applies is made states the market value of the financial

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products off-market Division 5A

Section 1019J

Corporations Act 2001 409 product to which the offer relates as at the date of the offer;
and
(b) while the offer remains open, there is an increase or decrease
in the market value of the product when compared to:
(i) unless subparagraph (ii) applies—the market value (the
currently stated value) stated as mentioned in
paragraph (a); or
(ii) if this section has previously applied in relation to the
offer and one or more supplementary offer documents
have been sent to the offeree—the market value (the
currently stated value) stated as mentioned in
paragraph (3)(c) in the supplementary offer document
most recently sent to the offeree; and
(c) the increase or decrease, expressed as a percentage of the
currently stated value, exceeds the percentage specified in the
regulations for the purposes of this paragraph.
(2) The offeror must, within 10 business days of this section applying
because of a particular increase or decrease in value:
(a) withdraw the offer by sending a withdrawal document, in
printed or electronic form, to the offeree in accordance with
paragraphs 1019E(1)(a) and (b):
(i) that identifies the offeror and that is dated; and
(ii) that contains a statement to the effect that the offer is
withdrawn because of a change in the market value of
the product, and that withdrawal for this reason is
permitted even within 1 month of the date of offer; or
(b) send a supplementary offer document (see subsection (3)) in
printed or electronic form to the offeree in accordance with
paragraphs 1019E(1)(a) and (b).
Nothing in section 1019G affects the effectiveness of a withdrawal
of the offer under paragraph (a) of this subsection.
(3) A supplementary offer document must:
(a) identify the offer to which it relates; and
(b) be dated; and
(c) state the market value of the financial product to which the
offer relates as at that date; and
(d) state the price that was stated in the offer document as
required by paragraph 1019I(2)(a), and contain a statement to

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 5A Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products off-market

Section 1019K

410 Corporations Act 2001 the effect that this is still the price at which the offeror wishes
to purchase the product and that the terms of the offer remain
unchanged; and
(e) contain a statement to the effect that the document has been
prepared because the market value of the product has
changed.
(4) A supplementary offer document must be worded and presented in
a clear, concise and effective manner.
(5) In this section, a reference to stating a market value of a financial
product includes a reference to purporting to state the market value
of the product.
1019K Rights if requirements of Division not complied with
First situation covered by this section—offers to which this
Division applies
(1) This section applies if, in relation to an offer to which this Division
applies, the offeree (the seller) accepts the offer and enters into a
contract for the sale of the financial product to the offeror (the
buyer), and one or more of the following paragraphs applies:
(a) section 1019E was not complied with in relation to the offer;
(b) the offer was accepted after the period referred to in
subsection 1019G(1);
(c) the offeror gave the offeree an offer document and either:
(i) the offer document did not comply with section 1019I;
or
(ii) there was a misleading or deceptive statement in the
offer document;
(d) in a situation to which section 1019J applies, either:
(i) subsection 1019J(2) was not complied with; or
(ii) subsection 1019J(2) was complied with, but the offeree
did not receive the withdrawal document, or the
supplementary offer document, as the case requires,
until after the offeree had accepted the offer;
(e) in a situation to which section 1019J applies, the offeror gave
the offeree a supplementary offer document and either:
(i) the supplementary offer document did not comply with
subsection 1019J(3); or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products off-market Division 5A

Section 1019K

Corporations Act 2001 411 (ii) there was a misleading or deceptive statement in the
supplementary offer document.
Second situation covered by this section—invitations prohibited by
section 1019F
(2) This section applies if, in response to an invitation prohibited by
section 1019F, a person (the seller) makes an offer to sell a
financial product to the person who made the invitation (the
buyer), and that person accepts the offer and enters into a contract
for the purchase of that financial product from the seller.
Seller’s right to refuse to transfer, or to seek the return of, the
financial product
(3) The seller has:
(a) the right to refuse to transfer the financial product to the
buyer; or
(b) if the seller has already transferred the financial product to
the buyer—the right to have the financial product returned to
the seller, if the buyer still holds the product.
The seller’s right under paragraph (a) or (b) is conditional on the
seller repaying any money that has been paid to the seller for the
purchase of the financial product.
How the seller’s right is to be exercised
(4) The seller’s right under subsection (3) must be exercised by
notifying the buyer in one of the following ways:
(a) in writing;
(b) electronically;
(c) in any other way specified in regulations made for the
purposes of this paragraph.
Also, if the regulations require the seller to comply with other
requirements in order to exercise that right, those other
requirements must be complied with.
(5) The seller’s right under subsection (3) can only be exercised during
the period of 30 days starting on the day the contract was entered
into.

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 5A Unsolicited offers to purchase financial products off-market

Section 1019K

412 Corporations Act 2001 Effect of exercise of seller’s right
(6) On the exercise of the seller’s right under subsection (3), the
contract referred to in subsection (1) or (2) is, by force of this
section, terminated from that time without penalty to the seller.
Regulations may provide for certain matters
(7) The regulations may provide for consequences and obligations (in
addition to those provided for by subsection (6)) to apply if the
seller’s right under subsection (3) is exercised.
(8) The regulations may provide that, in specified circumstances, the
amount to be repaid as mentioned in subsection (3) is to be
increased or reduced in accordance with the regulations.

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Miscellaneous Division 6

Section 1020A

Corporations Act 2001 413

Division 6—Miscellaneous
1020A Offers etc. relating to certain managed investment schemes
not to be made in certain circumstances
(1) A person must not engage in conduct of a kind referred to in
subsection (2) in relation to a financial product described in
paragraph 764A(1)(ba) (which relates to certain managed
investment schemes that are not registered schemes) if the
managed investment scheme concerned needs to be, or will need to
be, registered and has not been registered. This is so even if it is
proposed to register the scheme.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(2) Subject to subsection (3), the kinds of conduct that must not be
engaged in in relation to such a managed investment product are as
follows:
(a) making a recommendation, as described in subsection
1012A(3), that is received in this jurisdiction;
(b) making an offer, as described in subsection 1012B(3) or
1012C(3), that is received in this jurisdiction;
(c) accepting an offer, made as described in subsection 1012B(3)
or (4), that was received in this jurisdiction.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a recommendation or offer made
in a situation to which a subsection of section 1012D, other than
subsection 1012D(1), applies.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
1020B Short selling of securities, managed investment products and
certain other financial products
(1) In this section and section 1020C:
section 1020B products means:
(a) securities; or
(b) managed investment products; or
(c) financial products referred to in paragraph 764A(1)(j); or

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 6 Miscellaneous

Section 1020B

414 Corporations Act 2001 (d) financial products of any other kind prescribed by regulations
made for the purposes of this definition.
(2) Subject to this section and the regulations, a person must only, in
this jurisdiction, sell section 1020B products to a buyer if, at the
time of the sale:
(a) the person has or, if the person is selling on behalf of another
person, that other person has; or
(b) the person believes on reasonable grounds that the person
has, or if the person is selling on behalf of another person,
that other person has;
a presently exercisable and unconditional right to vest the products
in the buyer.
Note: Failure to comply with this subsection is an offence (see subsection
1311(1)).
(3) For the purposes of subsection (2):
(a) a person who, at a particular time, has a presently exercisable
and unconditional right to have section 1020B products
vested in the person, or in accordance with the directions of
the person, has at that time a presently exercisable and
unconditional right to vest the products in another person;
and
(b) a right of a person to vest section 1020B products in another
person is not conditional merely because the products are
charged or pledged in favour of another person to secure the
repayment of money.
(4) Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to:
(a) a sale of section 1020B products by a financial services
licensee who is a participant in a licensed market and
specialises in transactions relating to odd lots of
section 1020B products, being a sale made by the licensee on
their own behalf solely for the purpose of:
(i) accepting an offer to buy an odd lot of section 1020B
products; or
(ii) disposing of a parcel of section 1020B products that is
less than one marketable parcel of section 1020B
products by means of a sale of one marketable parcel of
those products; or

Financial services and markets Chapter 7
Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and purchase of
financial products Part 7.9
Miscellaneous Division 6

Section 1020B

Corporations Act 2001 415 (b) a sale of section 1020B products as part of an arbitrage
transaction; or
(c) a sale of section 1020B products by a person who, before the
time of sale, has entered into a contract to buy those products
and who has a right to have those products vested in the
person that is conditional only upon all or any of the
following:
(i) payment of the consideration in respect of the purchase;
(ii) the receipt by the person of a proper instrument of
transfer in respect of the products;
(iii) the receipt by the person of the documents that are, or
are documents of title to, the products; or
(d) a sale of section 1020B products in the following
circumstances:
(i) the person who sold the products is not an associate of
the body corporate that issued the products; and
(ii) arrangements are made before the time of the sale that
will enable delivery of products of the class sold to be
made to the buyer within 3 business days after the date
of the transaction effecting the sale; and
(iii) if the sale is made on a licensed market:
(A) the price per unit in respect of the sale is not
below the price at which the immediately
preceding ordinary sale was effected; and
(B) the price per unit is above the price at which the
immediately preceding ordinary sale was made,
unless the price at which the immediately
preceding ordinary sale was made was higher
than the next preceding different price at which
an ordinary sale had been made;
and the operator of the market is informed as soon as
practicable that the sale has been made short in
accordance with this subparagraph; or
(e) a sale of section 1020B products in the following
circumstances:
(i) the products are included in a class of products in
relation to which there is in force a declaration, made by
the operator of a licensed market as provided by the
operating rules of the market, to the effect that the class

Chapter 7 Financial services and markets
Part 7.9 Financial product disclosure and other provisions relating to issue, sale and
purchase of financial products
Division 6 Miscellaneous

Section 1020B

416 Corporations Act 2001 is a class of products to which this paragraph applies;
and
(ii) the sale is made as provided by the operating rules of
the market; and
(iii) at the time of the sale, neither the person who sold the
products, nor any person on behalf of whom the
first-mentioned person sold the products, was an
associate, in relation to the sale, of the body corporate
that issued the products.
Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in
this subsection. See subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code.
(5) A person who request