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Constitution

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
19 July 2016
1
Unofficial Translation – Not for Circulation
Proposed Amendments to Law No. 84 of 2002
Articles Proposed text
Article one Associations established under a law or decree and organizations performing civil
activities based to international agreements concluded by the Arab Republic of Egypt
shall be subject to the articles of association of these associations and organizations. In
performing their civil activities, these associations and organizations are subject to the
oversight of the Administrative Entity . Provisions of this law are applied whenever no
relevant provisions are available in those articles of association.
Article two National associations, foundations and federations established by virtue of law No. 84 of
2002, and before, whose articles of association contradict with the provisions of the
attached law, shall rectify and amend their status pursuant to this law within one year of
its promulgation; otherwise the Administrative Entity may request the competent court
to order the dissolution of these associations, foundations or federations. The funds of
these associations shall be transferred to the fund to su pport civil associations and
foundations following a final court order to dissolve them.
Article
three It is prohibited for any entity to practice any of the activities of national associations and
foundations without being subject to the provisions of
the enclosed law. Any entity, other
than the competent Administrative Entity pursuant to the attached law, may not, under
any form or title , license the practicing of any activity of the activities of national
associations and foundations. Such a license s hall be void and invalid as of its issuance
and may not bear any legal effect .
Article four Existing boards of directors of national associations, foundations and federations
established pursuant to provisions of law No. 84 of 2002, and their executive and
administrative bodies, shall continue to operate until they reformed according to its
provisions.
Article five The Minister of Social Solidarity shall issue the executive regulations of the enclosed law
within six months as of the date of its promulg ation. Until these regulations are issued ,
the current executive regulation s and resolutions may continue in effect notwithstanding
the provisions of the enclosed law.
Article six The law of national associations and foundations No. 84 of 2002 is hereby abolished as
well as any provision that contradicts with the provisions of the enclosed law.
Article
seven This law is published in the official gazette and becomes effective on the next day
following its publication.

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
19 July 2016
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Chapter One:
General Provisions
Articles Proposed Text
1 In the implementation of the provisions of this law, the following words and expressions
have the following meanings:
1. National work : A work that does not aim at profit and that is performed by
legal persons subject to the provisions of this law formed with a free will wi th the
purpose of realizing development and social goals.
2. Association : A group of a continuous legal formation composing of natural or
legal persons, or both, whose number in all cases is not less than 10, for a
purpose of contributing to the development of the individual and society,
meetings its requirements, maximizing its potential to participate in public life
and sustainable development without aiming at realizing a profit.
3. Public Benef it Association : an association that aims at realizing public
benefit upon or after its establishment and whose activity is for serving the
public. A public benefit status shall be granted by a resolution from the
Competent Minister .
4. Foundation : A legal person established by the allocation of one or more natural
or legal persons, or both, of an amount not less than fifty thousand pounds upon
establishment for a civil work purpose without aiming at securing any profit or
benefit.
5. Foreign Non -Gov ernment al Organization : a foreign legal person, whose
purpose is not for profit and whose main management is located in Egypt or
outside, licensed to perform one or more activities of national associations and
foundations subject to the provisions of this law and its rules. This definition
includes specialized and regional foreign federations performing the same
activities.
6. Central Association : an association whose declaration is endorsed, according
to the provisions of this law, by a decision from the Com petent Minister, or who
he authorizes, whose articles of association provide for working at the level of the
Republic, having a branch or more in more than one province. The executive
regulation s of this law shall define any other criteria for central asso ciations. New

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
19 July 2016
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Articles Proposed Text
branches for a central association in provinces may not be established unless
approved by the Competent Minister .
7. Regional Federation : a federation having a legal personality established by no
less than ten national associations or foundations, or both, located in one
provi nce, regardless of the activity .
8. Specialized Federation : a central federation having legal personality
established by at least ten associations or national foundations, or both, who
perform common activities in specific fiel ds at the level of the Republic.
9. The General Federation : a legal person of heads of boards of directors of
regional and specialized federations providing support and assistance to national
work. The federation shall be located in the city of Cairo.
10. Competent Court : The administrative court having jurisdiction on the
management center of an association.
11. Coordination Committee : a committee set up pursuant to a reso lution by the
Prime Minister to decide on anything rel ated to the work of foreign non-
governmental organizations, specialized and regional federations in Egypt and
external funding of national Egyptian associations and foundations.
12. Competent Minister : The Minister of Social Solidarity .
13. Administrative Entity : The Ministry of Social Solidarity .
Chapter Two:
National Associations
Articles Proposed Text
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• A national association is established by serving a notification to the competent
Administrative Entity . The notification must fulfill all required documents
provided for under article 4. An association acquires a legal personality and every
natural or legal person has the right to join or withdraw from it in accordance
with the provisions of this law.
• It is conditional for the formation of an association to have written articles of
association signed by all founders. It shall also have an independent and
appropriate management center in the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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Articles Proposed Text
• It is conditional for a member of an asso ciation to enjoy civil rights and with no
previous conclusive verdicts restricting freedom in a crime or offense that
breaches honor or honesty, unless rehabilitated.
• It is permitted for non -Egyptians having permanent or temporary residence in
Egypt to join membership of any association or its board but they may not exceed
25% of the members.
• It is permitted for any foreign community to establish an association observing
the affairs of its members pursuant to the provisions of this law and with the
condition of reciprocal treatment for the Egyptian community in that relevant
country.
3 Articles of association of any association must contain the following data:
a. Address of the association management center and its branches, if any.
b. Name of the association, which should not create any confusion with any other
association within the same geographic scope.
c. The geographic scope of the association.
d. Purposes, activity nature and goals of the association.
e. Name, surname, age, nationality, profession, domicile, national identification
number and email address (if any) of each founder.
f. Resources of the association, their utilization and disbursement.
g. Bodies that represent the association, the competencies of each, the method of
members sel ection, dismissal or invalidation of membership as well as the
quorum for the meetings of these bodies, the validity of their decisions and the
means of invitations for informing members.
h. Membership system, conditions, rights and duties of members; especi ally the
right of every member to review the document s of the association, attending and
voting in the general assembly whenever necessary conditions are fulfilled.
i. Financial and accounting systems and financial control system.
j. Rules for the meetings of the ordinary and extraordinary general assembly, the
invitation process, the validity and location of the meetings. This shall include
the rules for the powers of members in these meetings, the issuance of decisions,

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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voting and election mechanisms of membe rs of the board of directors, its powers,
the appointment of the auditors and determining their fees.
k. Rules for amending the articles of association of the association, establishing its
branches, the cases for its termination and entities that shall benef it from its
funds in these cases. It is impermissible that the articles of association of any
organization dictate that the funds of the association are transferred to anybody
except the National Associations and Foundations Support Fund or any national
association or foundation working in the same field of the association.
l. Identi ty of the person who is authorized to apply for the “public benefit status”.
The Executive Regulations of this law shall be enclosed with model articles of association
for guidance purposes.
4 The Administrative Entity undertake s to enter the summarized articles of association in
the associations’ database since the date of being notified of the wish to establish the
association. This notification has no effect unless enclosed with the following documents:
1. Four copies of the articles of association of the association signed by all
founders.
2. Two copies of the internal regulations that regulate financial and
administrative affairs of the association and its workers in accordance
with the model guiding sample enclosed with the executive regulations of
this law.
3. The criminal status sheet of ever y founding member.
4. A list of the persons selected for leadership and membership of the first
board of directors from the founding group.
5. An official certified document confirming the occupancy of the
association’s premises.
6. A proof of payment of a fee of one thousand pounds for registering the
association in the registry of the Administrative Entity . These fees shall
be transferred to the National Associations and Foundations Support
Fund. The legal personality of the association is affirmed by making such
entry .

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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7. The rules and conditions of voluntary work in association activities, if
any, in addition to the rights and duties of volunteers and means of their
protection.
8. Identi ty of the representative of the group of founders in the
establishment procedures .
9. Address of the association and its telephone numbers.
10. The website of the association and its email address, if applicable.
• If the Administrative Entity finds, within 30 working days of the date of the
notification, that purposes of the association con tain a penalized activity
pursuant to the Penal Code or any other punitive law or that the data and
enclosures of the notification are incomplete , it shall reject the application by a
justified decision to be notified to the representative of the group of founders by a
registered letter with receipt confirmation. Otherwise, the association is
considered established.
• In this case, the representative of the group of founders may make right the
mistake, complete the missing dat a or appeal against this decision before the
competent court within sixty working days of being notified .
• Once the validity of the notification is confirmed, the Administrative Entity
undertakes to enter the association and take necessary actions to publis hed the
summarized articles of association of the association on the official website of the
Administrative Entity on the worldwide web (internet). The Administrative
Entity shall issue a letter to any bank under the oversight of the Egyptian Central
Bank to open a bank account for the association using its registered name.
• The association, upon affirmation of its legal personality, must publish its
summary articles of association , approved by the Administrative Entity , in
Egyptian newspapers and on its we bsite, if applicable.
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• Any concerned person may review the summarized articles of association and
obtain a certified copy thereof against a fee of one hundred pounds. These fees go
to the National Associations and Foundations Support Fund.
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• For amending the articles of association of an association, the same procedures
for the establishment under this chapter shall be followed.

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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7 Associations shall work to achieve their purposes in the fields of social development and
welfare to achieve development goals, raise the awareness by laws and the constitution
within the scope of the state plans and needs of local communities. It is impermissible to
ban any of the aforementioned activities unless it breaches the conditions of
establi shment or goals of the association, or if it relates to political and syndicate
activities having laws regulating them. Establishment of clandestine associations is
prohibited. It is also prohibited for any association to perform any of the following:
1. For mation of brigades or formations of military nature.
2. Calling for discrimination between citizens on the bases of sex, race,
color, language, religion or belief, or any other activity promoting racism,
incitement of hatred or any other causes that run agai nst the constitution
and law.
3. The participation in funding or promoting for electoral campaigns for
any candidate in presidential, parliamentary or local elections, or
partisan propaganda campaigns. Associations may not provide financial
support to partie s, partisan or independent candidates or nominating
any candidates in any elections under the name of the association.
4. Granting any scientific or professional certificates without official
partnership with a government university or a competent entity under
regulating rules issued by the Supreme Council of Universities.
5. Any other activities, which practicing requires a license from a
government entity before obtaining that license.
6. Targeting the realization of any profit for members of the association or
performing any activities leading to this result. Following commercial
practices to realize profits assisting in the purposes of the association
may not be considered as a violating activity.
8 It is not permitted to second any workers in the Ministry o f Social Solidarity or its
affiliated directorates or social unit to work in national associations and foundations
subject to this law . This excludes seconding relevant staff to work for national
associations and foundations that were granted projects from the Ministry to provide
necessary assistance to fulfill their missions based on a request from the relevant
association.

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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Secondment shall be for one year renewable by a decision from Competent Minister as
the case may be in accordance with the l aw of civil workers of the state and its executive
regulation s.
9 Without prejudice to any other privileges provided for in other laws, associations,
foundations and federations established pursuant to the provision of this law shall enjoy
the following benefits:
a. Exemption from registration and entry fees due on the ass ociation with
regard to all contracts where the association is party to such as property
and mortgage contracts or any other in -kind rights, as well as exemption
from signature endorsement fees.
b. Exemption from current taxes and stamp duties , and those imp osed in
the future , on all contracts, powers of attorney, documents, printed
materials, registers…etc.
c. Exemption from custom charges and other fees imposed on the imports
of equipment, machines, instruments, tools and production needs as well
as on any re ceived gifts, grants and assistance from abroad. The
exemption should be via a resolution from the Prime Minister based on a
proposal from the Competent Minister and the approval of the Minister
of Finance. It is provided that these materials are necessary for the basic
activities of the association. The permanent items thereof, defined by a
decision from the Competent Minister in agreement with the minister of
finance, shall not be disposed except after five years of their importation
unless due taxes and custom charges thereon are paid.
d. Exemptions for properties owned by the association from real -estate tax.
The association, upon exercising its right in owning properties for
fulfillment of its purposes only. The relevant activity may not be changed
unless with the consent of the Competent Minister .
e. Donations granted to associations are offset against the income of the
donator of no more than 10% of the net income .
10 Every member has the right to withdraw from the association at any time provided that
the association is notified by a receipt -acknowledged letter. This may not prejudice the
right of the association to claim for any due funds on the member of any nature.

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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A member who withdraws from an association has the right to retract his decision to
withdraw within 15 working days of the date of notifying the association. The executive
regulations of the law shall define the procedures and rules for withdrawal from
membership of an association.
11 An association may cooperate with, join, affiliate to or partner with any foreign
association, entity or organization to perform a civil activity that is not contradictory to
the purposes of the association, provided the Administrative Entity is notified and
permits that, and the elapse of 60 working days of the notification date with no written
objection from the Administrative Entity . The executive regulations shall define controls
for such cooperation , affiliation or partnership with the foreign entity and the contents of
the notification of data and information. The association may appeal against the rejection
decision before the competent court.
The Competent Minister , following an approval from the Coordination Committee , may
license an association to open branches outside the Arab Republic of Egypt following the
conditions prescribed in the executive regulations of this law.
12 An association is not permitted to open sites or offices in any province of the republic
under its direct supervision for conducting and implementing its different activities
unless the Administrative Entity is notified and the Competent Minister approves that.
The notification shall mention the address of the site, the nature of target activity and the
name of the person in charge of it.
13 An association may receive funds, donations and grants from Egyptian or foreign natural
or legal persons outside the country. The Competent Minister , after consulting with the
Coordination Committee , shall issue a decision regulating the procedures and rules for
receiving funds within one month of the date of funds receipt into the account of the
association. The Coordination Committee may object to the receipt of funds within the
sixty working days following the date of notification. The association undertakes not to
spend donated funds within the sixty -day period. If the Coordination Committee does not
respond wi thin the sixty -day period, such inaction is considered as an approval.
The association may not send or transfer funds of any kind to persons or organizations
abroad except after notifying the Coordination Committee stated in article 48 here under
– and ob taining a written approval thereto – or after the elapse of 60 working days of the
date of the notification with no objection from the committee. This excludes the purchase
of books, scientific , technical and artistic bulletins and journals and subscriptio n fees.

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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The executive regulation s shall define the procedures for obtaining such permission and
its requirements in terms of data and documents .
15 The association shall adhere to the standards of transparency, the declaration of the
sources of its funding, its annual budget and its activities on its official website and the
website of the Ministry of Social Solidarity as well as inside its premises, or it may use any
publication and declaration mean. The association must update its data and details of its
projects in the central database of the Ministry of Social Solidarity on the first of January
of each year.
16 The association shall maintain its documents, libraries, registers and bank notices and
letters in its management center. The executive regulations of this law shall define these
registers, their keeping and use and data they contain. These registers shall be stamped
by the Administrative E ntity before using them.
17 The association shall allow any of its members to examine the records, documents and
instruments of the association whenever a member officially requests that from the
association.
18 Representatives of the Administrative Entity , nominated by a decision from the
Competent Minister , may enter to the premises or branches of any association,
foundation, federation or organization subject to the provisions of this law to monitor its
activities and review its records on administrative, technical and financial aspects to
ensure that they are in compliance with the provisions of this law. The Executive
Regulations of this law define conditions to be met for the entry of the representative of
the Administrative Entity to the premises of the association. The board of directors of the
association shall assist the representatives to fulfill their tasks.
Also every activity performed by other legal persons, that are within the purposes and
fields of work of associations in any legal form , is subject to the monitoring of the
Administrative Entity even if procedures of founding the relevant association have not
been taken in accordance with this law. The relevant association must adjust its status to
become compliant with the law.
19 Every association must have an annual balance sheet. Accounts should be recorded in
books elaborating in details its revenues and expenditures including donations and
grants and their sources.

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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If the total revenues or expenditures of the association exceed one hundred thousand
pounds, the board of directors shall present its final accounts to a chartered accountant,
listed on the roster of auditors and accountants, for examination and submission of a
report thereon.
In all cases, the final accounts must b e published on the official website of the association
and the website of the Ministry of Social Solidarity no less than seven days before the
convention of the general assembly and shall also be distributed to association members
as prescribed in the arti cles of association. The Administrative Entity shall be notified in
order to attend or to follow up.
The Administrative Entity may object to the final accounts and request that they are
corrected within fifteen working days. Otherwise, the Administrative Entity may take
actions provided for in this law.
20 The association shall undertake to depositing its cash monies in its bank account under
its registered name. The Administrative Entity shall be notified by this bank account
number. Disbursement from these monies shall be only done by the chairman, or his
assignee, and the cashier based on a resolution from the board of directors. The
association shall notify the Administrative Entity by the names of those authorized to
sign.
21 The association shall spend its funds for fulfilling its purposes and may invest the surplus
of its revenues in a way to ensure securing financial resources to support its activities or
reusing the funds in productive or service projects to support its activi ties in accordance
with the Executive Regulations.
In all cases, associations are not allowed to engage in financial speculations.
The association shall convert foreign currency it receives to the Egyptian currency via an
official bank and may not keep foreign currency except to the extent required to
implement its activities.
22 In cases where the association issues a decision considered by the Administrative Entity
as violating this law or the articles of association, the Administrative Entity may request
the association, via a registered letter with receipt confirmation, to withdraw the decision
within ten working days of being notified. If this period elapses without withdrawing the
decision, the Administrative Entity , may appeal before the competent court within thirty
days and the court shall issue a decision on urgency basis.

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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23 The General Assembly shall compose of operating members who spent no less than
ninety days in membership and fulfilled all their obligations pursuant to the articles of
association of the association.
The articles of association of the association shall define the procedures of holding
ordinary and extraordinary meetings of the general assembly, the mechanism of inviting
to these meetings, the meeting place, the power of members in both types of meetings in
issuing and voting on decision, the election of members of the board of directors, defining
their powers, the appointment of auditors and setting their fees. In this regard, the
association shall send to the Administrative Entity copies of the minutes of meetings,
decisions and all amendments made to the formation of the board of directors and the
articles of association.
24 Each association shall have a board of directors composing of an odd number of members
not less than five and not more than fifteen pursuant to the articles of association.
Members shall be elected by the General Assembly for a term of four years.
The fir st board of directors shall be appointed by the founders for a term of one year.
25 The Board of Directors shall display the names of candidates for membership of the
Board of Directors in the association premises on the second day following the closure of
the nomination period. The Administrative Entity shall be notified within the seven
following days but thirty working days at least before the elections date.
The Administrative Entity , and whoever concerned , may notify the General Assembly
within seven days following the display or notification of the list, as the case may be, by
any objections on members not meeting the conditions. If the concerned candidate does
not withdraw nomination within fifteen days of the notification to the General Assembly,
th e Administrative Entity must issue a decision removing this person. The removed
person, or whoever concerned, may submit a claim before the competent court within
seven days following the issuance of this decision. The court shall decide in the case
b efore the date of the elections on urgency basis.
26 It is prohibited to combine between membership of the board of directors of the
association and working in the Administrative Entity or any other public entities
supervising, guiding or monitoring the assoc iation and its funding except by a license
from the Competent Minister and for the public benefit. This prohibition does not apply
to associations whose membership is limited to those working in any of the

Ministry of Social Solidarity Draft Law on Civil Associations and Foundations
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aforementioned entities. It is also prohibited to combine between membership of any
board of directors and paid work in the association or any of its activities or projects.
27 The Board of Directors of an association shall manage its affairs. The executive
regulations of this law shall define the competencies of the chairman, the deputy
chairman, the cashier and the secretary general of the association. The chairman is the
person representing it before judiciary and third parties. The board of directors, for the
manage ment of the association’s affairs, may conduct any works other than the activities
indicated in this law or the articles of association as activities requiring the prior approval
of the General Assembly. The Board of Directors may appoint a general manager for the
association, who may not be a member of the board.
28 The articles of association of the association shall define the procedures of holding its
meetings, valid legal quorum, its agenda and the voting mechanism in it. The board of
directors shall meet at least once every three months. In case a member is absent, for
more than half the meetings convened by the board in one year’s time, the member is
considered as has resigned and shall be notified by this via a registered letter with receipt
acknow ledged.

29 Decisions of the board of directors shall be passed by the consent of the absolute majority
of present members unless the articles of association provide for a larger majority. If
votes are equal, the chairman shall have a casting vote. The B oard of Directors shall
notify the Administrative Entity by decisions passed by it or the General Assembly within
fifteen working days of issuance.
30 A aboard member may be reimbursed for actual transportation costs to attend sessions
and committees as prescribed in the internal regulations of the association.
31 Subject to the articles of association of the association, if the number of members of th e
board of directors becomes insufficient for it to be validly held, then the Competent
Minister may, when necessary, appoint a temporary board from amongst the remaining
members or others. The temporary board shall have the competencies of the board of
directors.
The temporary board of directors shall invite the General Assembly for convening within
a year as of the date of appointment to elect a new board of directors.
The mission of the temporary board ends with the election of a new board of directors.

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32 An association may be voluntarily dissolved by a decision of the Extraordinary General
Assembly following the approved rules in its articles of association. In this case, the
dissolution decision shall provide for the appointment of one or more liquidators from
the list of certified accounting offices. The resolution shall define period of liquid ation
and liquidator’s fees. The Administrative Entity shall be notified by that. If the liquidation
period elapses without completing the process of liquidation, the Administrative Entity
may extend it for one more term. Otherwise, the Administrative Enti ty may conduct the
liquidation by itself.
33 Based on a request from the Administrative Entity , the competent court may rule for
terminating the board of directors of an association and appointing a temporary board to
take actions to invite for a general assembly meeting to elect a new board of directors in
the following cases:
1. If the association disposes or allocates its funds for purposes other than
its original purposes.
2. If the association receives funds from an external entity or sends funds to
an e xternal entity in violation to the provisions of article 14 hereunder.
3. If the board of directors commits the crime of wasting of funds, or any
other crimes covered under chapter four, volume two, of the penal code.
4. If the association collects donations i n violation to provisions of article 13
hereunder.
5. If the General Assembly does not convene for two consecutive years.
6. If the Administrative Entity is not enabled of monitoring the works of the
association in accordance with the provisions of article 18 hereunder.
7. In case of moving to a new premises without no tifying the Administrative
Entity within no more than three months of the date of moving.
In all cases, it is prohibited for whomever it is proven to have a personal responsibility
from among members of the dissolved board of directors for the violations that led to
dissolving the board to nominate himself for the membership in another national
association for a maximum period of four years as of the date of issuance of the
termination of dissolution decision.

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34 The competent court shall rule based on a request from the Administrative Entity for
dissolving the association and appointing a financial liquidator in the following cases:
1. If it is proven that the real purposes of the association are related to targeting or
performing an activity of the activities banned in article 7 herewith.
2. Conti nuance of the association in committing any of the violations stated in the
previous article and refraining from rectifying the error.
3. The association receiv es funding from an external entity without obtaining the
necessary permit from the competent Admin istrative Entity or spends these
funds in violation to the provisions of this law and its Executive Regulations.
4. The association violates the provisions related to the receipt of funds or collection
of donations from inside the Republic.
5. If the associati on cooperates, joins, subscribes or affiliates to a foreign club,
association, authority or organization in violation to provisions of article 11
hereunder.
The Administrative Entity may suspend the activities of the association until the issuance
of a rul ing from court. It is impermissible in all cases to license an association , which has
violations referred to the court for terminating the board or dissolving association , to
collect donations, receive foreign funding or receiving subsidies from the Associations
and Foundations Support Fund until the issuance of a ruling from court .
35 Those responsible for a dissolved association, whether by decision from the general
assembly or by a court ruling, shall handover the funds of the association and all its
documents, records and papers to the liquidator as soon as requested. These managers
and the entity with whom monies of the association are deposited, and its debtors may
not make any transactions in the affairs, funds or rights of the association except by a
written order from the liquidator.
36 The liquidator, upon conclusion of the liquidation process, shall distribute its outcomes
as stipulated in the articles of association. If the articles of association do not contain
such provisions or if it becomes impossible to implement these provisions, the outcomes
of the liquidation shall be given to the National Associations and Foundations Support
Fund as provided for in Chapter Four hereunder. The executive regulations shall define
controls of the liquidation process, its term and procedures to be followed in case it is not
possible to complete this process.
37 The first instance court, having jurisdiction in the area in which the association premises
is located, shall decide in claims submitted by or agains t the liquidator.

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38 It is impermissible for members of the dissolved association, or any other person running
its affairs, to continue its activities or dispose its funds.
39 Public benefit associations shall be subject to provisions governing other associations for
any matter not specifically covered in this section.
40 Any association willing to achieve a public interest upon or after its establishment may
acquire the public benefit status via a resolution from the Competent Minister based on a
reque st from the association in accordance with the controls set forth in the Executive
Regulations of this law. Cancellation of the public benefit status shall be via a resolution
from the Competent Minister . Public benefit associations may merge into each oth er by
approval from the Administrative Entity and the same applies to non-public benefit
associations. Merger between public benefit associations and other associations not
having public benefit status may be conducted only by a resolution from the Competent
Minister . The executive regulations shall define the controls of this merger.
41 Through a resolution from the Competent Minister , privileges of public benefit
associations shall be defined , especially the non -seizure of part of or all their funds, the
non -acquisition of these monies by obsolescence and the possibility of expropriation of
properties for the public benefit to fulfill purposes of the association.
42 The Administrative Entity may assign to a public benefit association the management of
an affiliated foundation or entity or implementing any of its projects or programs
following the rules and procedures to be determined via a decision from the Competent
Minister .
Chapter Three:
National Foundations
Articles Proposed Text
43 Provisions applicable to associations shall apply to national foundations for matters not
specifically covered by this Chapter.
44 A national foundation is established by allocating a sum of money in line with the
purpose of its establishment and the size of envisag ed activities but shall not be less than
fifty thousand pounds upon establishment for a defined or indefinite period of time.
National foundations may not target realizing financial gains for the benefit of any of its
founders or trustees.

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Articles Proposed Text
45 The establishment of a national foundation may be made by one or more founders of
natural or legal persons or both. Founders shall develop articles of association that
contain, in particular, the following information:
a. Name of the foundation, provided that it does not result in confusion
with another foundation or associating sharing with it the same
geographic scope .
b. The geographic scope of the association and its management center in
the Arab Republic of Egypt.
c. The purpose behind the establishment of t he foundation.
d. Detailed statement of funds allocated for the realization of the
foundation purposes.
e. Organization of the foundation management including the methods of
appointing the chairman and members of the board of trustees and the
method for appoin ting the manager.
A national foundation may be established by an official instrument or a declared bequest,
each of which may be considered as articles of association for the foundation provided it
contains the information mentioned in the previous paragraph.
Whenever the establishment of a national foundation is via an official instrument, it is
permissible for the founder(s) to abolish it by another official instrument before its entry.
The executive regulation s of this law may be enclosed with model articles of association
that may be followed by national foundations.
46 Every national foundation shall have a board of trustees composing of no less than five
members and not exceeding fifteen members to be appointed by the founder or founders.
The chairman and members may be from those trustees. T he Administrative Entity shall
be notified by such appointment and any changes in the board of trustees.
In case no board of trustees is appointed or the vacancy of one o r more positions in the
board and it is not possible to appoint their substitutes following the method indicated in
the articles of association, the Administrative Entity shall make such appointment.

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Articles Proposed Text
The board of trustees shall manage the national foundat ion according to its articles of
association and its chairman shall represent the foundation before judiciary and third
parties.

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Chapter Four
Foreign Non Governmental Organizations
Articles Proposed Text
47 Foreign organizations, international specialized and regional federations may be licensed
to perform one or more activities of the activities of associations and national
foundations su bject to this law and its rules for a defined term set by the Competent
Minister and prescribed by law. An organization may not perform any activity in the Arab
Republic of Egypt unless after obtaining a license from the Coordination Committee ,
referred to in article 48, to perform it.
The executive regulation s of this law shall define procedures for license app lication, the
term of the license, data and information to be contained in the license application,
documents to be attached thereto and rules for conducting licensed activities. The
organization pays when requesting the license and renewing it a fee of on e thousand
pounds the yield of which goes to the National Associations and Foundations Support
Fund.
In all cases, such licensed activities shall be consistent with the needs of the Egyptian
society based on the priorities of development plans .
48 A Coordination Committee shall be established to decide on anything related to the
activity of foreign NGOs in Egypt and foreign funding for Egyptian associations and
foundations . The Committee is formed via a resolution by the Prime Ministry and to be
chair ed by the Competent Minister , or whom he deligates, with the membership of
representatives of ministries and the following entities to be selected by the Competent
Minister s and heads of agencies:
– Representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
– Representative of the Ministry of Justice.
– Deputy chairman of the state council .
– Representative of the Ministry of Interior.
– Representative of the Ministry of International Cooperation.
– Representative of the Ministry of Social Solidarity .
– Representative of Nation al Security Agency.
– Representative of the Central Bank.
The committee may seek assistance from whom it sees of expertise and specialization
from relevant ministries. The Executive Regulations of this law shall define the

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Articles Proposed Text
procedures for the meetings of the committee, the establishment of its technical
secretariat and determining its administrative expenditures.
The Coordination Committee undertakes the following:
1. Licensing the organization to perform one or more activities in Egypt and
deciding on the request for renewing, amending or cancelling it.
2. Licensing the organization to send, move or transfer any funds or donations
allocated for implementing activities or projects in Egypt to any person,
organization, authority, fo undation or association abroad.
3. Licensing for receiving funds from the outside whatever their nature whether
from an Egyptian or a foreign person, or from a foreign entity or its
representative in the inside. Or sending its funds whatever their nature to
persons or organizations in the outside notwithstanding the provisions of article
14 herewith.
49 The Committee shall decide in applications submitted to it within no more than sixty
working days of the date of submitting the application with required documents enclosed
with it as set forth in the Executive Regulations. A non -reply is considered an app roval.
The applicant may appeal against the decision of the committee before the competent
court.
50 The organization shall spend its money in what achieves its purposes according to the
rules of the activity it is authorized to perform inside Egypt. It is impermissible for an
organization to use its premises to achieve unlicensed goals or activities.
It is prohibited for a foreign organization licensed to perform an activity to send, move or
transfer any funds or donations allocated for implementing ac tivities or projects in Egypt
to any person or organization or authority or entity in the outside unless after obtaining
an authorization for that from the Coordination Committee and following the approved
rules for that.
51 A foreign organization licensed to work inside the Arab Republic of Egypt shall be subject
to the control of the competent Administrative Entity in accordance with this law and
shall present to this entity the following documents:
• Annual progress reports during the period of conducting its licensed activities
• Annual balance sheets endorsed by certified a legal accountant.
• Any other reports, data or information requested by the Administrative Entity
conc erning the organization or any of its activities.

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Articles Proposed Text
52 In case the organization violates the provisions of this law or the rules for conducting
licensed activities, the Competent Minister, after approval of the Coordination
Committee, may issue a decision suspending the violating activity or cancelling the
activity license. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall be notified by such decision within
fifteen days as of the date of its issuance. The Coordination Committee shall inform the
concerned organization.
The executive regulation s of this law shall define other conditions under which licenses to
foreign organizations are renewed, amended or cancelled as well as the procedures to be
followed and the disposal of its monies whatever their nature.
53 All work relations concerning staff of the organization are subject to the Egyptian labor
law. Egyptian courts have exclusive jurisdiction over these disputes.
54 Without prejudice to provisions of this section, branches of foreign NGOs or their
representation offices shall be subject to the provisions of other sections of this law.

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Chapter Five
Federations
Articles Proposed text
55 Provisions applicable to associations shall apply to federations created in accordance with
the provisions of this law for matters not specifically covered by this Chapter.
56 Associations and national foundations, whose management center is located within the
province, regardless of their activities, shall establish one Regional Federation among
them. The Federation should have written articles of association, entered with the
competent Administrative Entity .
57 Each Regional Federation shall have a board of directors composing of fifteen members
for a term of four years. The members shall be elected by the General Assembly. The
Executive Regulations of this law shall define the competencies of the regional federation.
58 A specialized federation is formed of no less than ten associations or national
foundations, or both, performing or funding a joint activity in a specific field at the level
of the Republic. The federation should have written articles of association and a legal
personality. As soon as an association or national foundation acquires legal personality, it
may join the specialized federation based on its activity. The Executive Regulations of
this law shall define procedures to join this federation and its competencies.
59 A General Federation for Associations and National Foundations shall be established
having legal personality. The Executive Regul ations of this law shall define the
competencies of this federation, which shall include, in its membership, the boards of
directors of regional and specialized federations. The headquarters of this Federation
shall be in the city of Cairo.
Regional and s pecialized federations must join the General Federation. The executive
regulation s shall define the procedures of joining and the fee required to be paid annually
not exceeding five hundred pounds for a regional federation and one hundred pounds for
a spec ialized federation.
Management of the General Federation shall be assumed by a board of directors
composing of fifteen members elected by its general assembly for a term of four years.

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Chapter Six
National Associations and Foundations Support Fund
Articles Proposed Text
60 A fund shall be established at the Ministry of Social Solidarity, under the name of
“National Associations and Foundations Support Fund” to provide financial support for
the sustainability of activities implemented by associations, national foundations and
federations established pursuant to provisions of this law. The Executive Regulations of
the law shall define the competencies of tis fund.
61 The Associations and National Foundations Support Fund shall have a board of directors
chaired by the Competent Minister and the following members:
• Head of financial and administrative affairs sector
• Head of social welfare sector
• Head of the central department for associations and federations
• Deputy head of the state council
• Three public figures select ed by the Competent Minister
• Head of the general federation of associations and national foundations
• Head of a regional federation
• Head of a specialized federation
• A member of a public benefit association
• A member of a central association
• A member of a national association
• A member of a national foundation
The Executive Regulations shall define selection criteria and method. The term of the
fund board is four years. A decision from the Competent Minister shall be issued to
establish the fund, define its management structure and remunerations of its members.
The fund shall have a technical secretariat composed of staff of the Ministry of Social
Solidarity. A decision from the Competent Minister shall be issued to define the
composition of the secretar iat, its working system and remunerations. The fund shall
have a manual for standard operating procedures.
62 Resources of the Fund shall compose, in particular, of the following:
a. Amounts allocated in the state budget for assisting associations and national
foundations established pursuant to the provisions of this law.

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b. Fees for entry of associations and foundations, established under this law, in the
Administrative Entity register. And fees for issuing or renewing a work permit for
foreign NGOs.
c. Donations, assistance and grants received by the Fund and approved by the
board of directors.
d. Monies inuring from the dissolution of associations and national foundations.
e. Additional fees imposed for the benefit of charitable works.
f. Fines imposed pursuant to provisions of this law.
g. One percent (1%) of the net yield of fund raising licenses issued in favor of an
association and of the amount of every licensed grant.
h. Any other resources a pproved by the Fund’s Board of Directors.
i. Returns on the investment of its funds.

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Chapter Seven
Punishments
Articles Proposed Text
63 Without prejudice to any severer penalty stipulated in the penal code or any other law,
violations contained in this chapter are punished as follows:

First : A fine of no less than fifty thousand pounds and not exceeding one million pounds
on:
a. Whoever est ablished an association, which real purposes are proven to be to
conduct prohibited activities contained in paragraphs A and B of article 7
hereunder.
b. Whoever received as a chairman or a member in an association or a national
foundation, either in a true or alleged capacity, funds from abroad or sends
money to abroad or collects donations in violations to provisions of this law. The
court shall rule to obligate the convict to return any fund he received, sent or
collected as the case is. These funds shall go to the National Associations and
Foundations Support Fund.
c. Whoever helped or participated with a foreign organization in performing a
national activity in Egypt without obtaining a permit from the Coordination
Committee or in violation to the provisions of this law or the rules of performing
the licensed activity. The court shall rule to confiscate the money of this
organization and forwarding it to the National Associations and Foundations
Support Fund.
d. Whoever conducted or participated in conducting fi eld researches or opinion
polls in the field of national work without obtaining approvals from the
concerned authorities.
e. Whoever performed an activity of the activities of the association or the national
foundation despite the issuance of a ruling or a re solution suspending its
activities or dissolving it.
f. Whoever established an entity under any name and in any form other than the
form of associations and national foundations established pursuant to the
provisions of the law to perform one of the activitie s of these associations and
foundations without following the rules approved in it. The court shall rule to
close the location and confiscate the funds and forwarding them to the National
Associations and Foundations Support Fund.

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Articles Proposed Text
Second: a fine of no less than twenty thousand pounds and not exceeding two hundred
thousand pounds shall be imposed on:
a. Every natural or legal person, with the exception of the competent
Administrative Entity , who grants a license to any organ to perform an
activity of associations or foundations.
b. Whoever deliberately refrains from enabling the Administrative Entity to
monitor and examine the activities of the association.
c. Whoever moves the premises to a different location than the notif ied
one. In case the violation is repeated, the Administrative Entity may
request the dissolution of the association in a claim before the competent
court.
d. Whoever disposes the funds of an association or a national foundation
against which a dissolution a nd liquidation ruling or resolution was
issued without a written order from the liquidator.
e. Every liquidator who distributes funds of the association, national
foundation or federation in contrary to the provisions of this law.

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