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- Year: 2013
- Country: Rwanda
- Language: English
- Document Type: Domestic Law or Regulation
The Compact provides an overarching strategic framework for coordinating political, security and development efforts for peace and statebuilding activities over the next three years (2014-2016). Its priorities build upon existing plans and strategies of the government.
The challenges that Somalia faces are complex, multifaceted and differ according to various political, social and regional contexts. The strategy to address these challenges and effectively lead Somalia on a path of recovery, development and durable peace, must include: focused and committed leadership, solid government structures capable of delivering basic services, peoples’ trust, mediation and community participation, sound civic dialogue, and good and friendly international relations based on mutual respect.
The Somali Compact, a living document that reflects the ongoing process of transition and defines priority interventions to ensure the country stays on the path to long-term peace and statebuilding. The Compact lays a strong foundation for building reliable, transparent, accountable and functioning state institutions, respectful of the fundamental rights, freedoms and equality of its citizens. In this respect, the establishment of local and regional administrations and federal units, in the spirit of the provisional Constitution, are key milestones for a vibrant and stable Somalia.
The adoption of this Compact, which provides a new political, security and development architecture framing the future relations between Somalia, its people and the international community, embodies the spirit of our new partnership.
The Compact presents specific priorities drawn from the Six Pillar Programme of the FGS, and further defined through consultative processes. It also reflects Puntland’s commitment to contribute to peaceful, just and productive life for the whole of Somalia and its top priorities, drawn from the Puntland’s second Five-year Development Plan.
The Compact incorporates a Special Arrangement for Somaliland, which represents Somaliland’s PSG priorities and is the result of several consultations.
These priorities are framed by the five Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs) of the New Deal and represent agreement on what is required to move towards peace and recovery. It aims to foster the resilience of Somali people and institutions, restoring the Somali people’s trust in the state and its ability to protect and serve their basic needs for inclusive politics, security, justice, an economic foundation and revenue and services, in full respect of human rights.
The Compact reinforces the dynamism of the Somali people and the linkages between the different layers of Somali society, the government and its international partners. It is a key political document that: strengthens the mutual commitments between the Federal Government and international partners; defines aid policy and principles; and sets out the framework for short and medium term sectoral reforms.
The Compact further recognizes the role women have played and will continue to play in community mobilization and peacebuilding in Somali society. It promotes their economic empowerment and participation in political and public decision making processes. The Compact also recognizes the need to address the development needs of the Somali population who are displaced inside the country, or returning from surrounding countries.
Ultimately, the success of this Compact will be measured by improvements in the lives of the Somali people. The August agreement with the Jubbas, the continued outreach to, and inclusion of, all regions and future Federal States, including Puntland, the September Vision 2016 conference and the conference of religious leaders, are all substantive contributions to this goal. The implementation of this Compact will facilitate the process of dialogue on the federal model of Somalia.