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- Year: 1997
- Country: Transnational
- Language: English
- Document Type: Other International Legal Instrument
- Topic: Aid Effectiveness,Economic Activities,Social Enterprise
UNOFFICIAL TEXT · CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL LAW · www.cil.nus.edu.sg
1997 ASEAN VISION 2020
Adopted by ASEAN Heads of State/Government at the 2nd Informal Summit
in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 15 December 1997
A CONCERT OF SOUTHEA ST ASI AN NATIONS ……………………………………………………… 2
A PARTNERSHIP IN DYN AMIC DEVELOPMENT ……………………………………………………… 3
A COMMUNITY OF CARING SOCIE TIES …………………………………………………………………. 5
AN OUTWARD-LOOKING ASEAN ………………………………………………………………………….. 5
CONCLUSION ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
1997 ASEAN VISION 2020
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We, the Heads of State/Government of the Associ ation of Southeast Asian Nations, gather
today in Kuala Lumpur to reaffirm our commitment to the aims and purposes of the
Association as set forth in the Bangkok Declaration of 8 August 1967, in particular to
promote regional cooperation in Southeast Asia in the spirit of equality and partnership and
thereby contribute towards peace, progress and prosperity in the region.
We in ASEAN have created a community of Southeast Asian nations at peace with one
another and at peace with the world, rapidly achieving prosperity for our peoples and
steadily improving their lives. Our rich diversity has provided the strength and inspiration to
us to help one another foster a strong sense of community.
We are now a market of around 500 million people with a combined gross domestic product
of US$600 billion. We have achieved considerable results in the economic field, such as
high economic growth, stability and significant poverty alleviation over the past few years.
Members have enjoyed substantial trade and investment flows from significant liberalisation
We resolve to build upon these achievements.
Now, as we approach the 21st century, thirty years after the birth of ASEAN, we gather to
chart a vision for ASEAN on the basis of today’s realities and prospects in the decades
leading to the Year 2020.
That vision is of ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in
peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and
in a community of caring societies.
A CONCERT OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS
We envision the ASEAN region to be, in 2020, in full reality, a Zone of Peace, Freedom and
Neutrality, as envisaged in the Kuala Lumpur Declaration of 1971.
ASEAN shall have, by the year 2020, established a peaceful and stable Southeast Asia
where each nation is at peace with itself and where the causes for conflict have been
eliminated, through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law and through the
strengthening of national and regional resilience.
We envision a Southeast Asia where territorial and other disputes are resolved by peaceful
We envision the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia functioning fully as a
binding code of conduct for our governments and peoples, to which other states w ith
interests in the region adhere.
We envision a Southeast Asia free from nuclear weapons, with all the Nuclear Weapon
States committed to the purposes of the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty
through their adherence to its Protocol. We also envision our region free from all other
weapons of mass destruction.
We envision our rich human and natural resources contributing to our development and
1997 ASEAN VISION 2020
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We envision the ASEAN Regional Forum as an established means for confidence- building
and preventive diplomacy and for promoting conflict -resolution.
We envision a Southeast Asia where our mountains, rivers and seas no longer divide us but
link us together in friendship, cooperation and commerce.
We see ASEAN as an effective force for peace, justice and moderation in the Asia- Pacific
and in the world.
A PARTNERSHIP IN DYN AMIC DEVELOPMENT
We resolve to chart a new direction towards t he year 2020 called, ASEAN 2020: Partnership
in Dynamic Development which will forge closer economic integration within ASEAN.
We reiterate our resolve to enhance ASEAN economic cooperation through economic
development strategies, which are in line with the aspiration of our respective peoples, which
put emphasis on sustainable and equitable growth, and enhance national as well as regional
We pledge to sustain ASEAN’s high economic performance by building upon the foundation
of our existing cooperation efforts, consolidating our achievements, expanding our collective
efforts and enhancing mutual assis tance.
We commit ourselves to moving towards closer cohesion and economic integration,
narrowing the gap in the level of development among Member Countries, ensuring that the
multilateral trading system remains fair and open, and achieving global competiti veness.
We will create a stable, prosperous and highly competitive ASEAN Economic Region in
which there is a free flow of goods, services and investments, a freer flow of capital,
equitable economic development and reduced poverty and socio- economic disparities.
We resolve, inter -alia, to undertake the following:
maintain r egional macroeconomic and financial stability by promoting closer
consultations in macroeconomic and financial policies.
advance economic integration and cooperation by undertaking t he following general
strategies: fully implement the ASEAN Free Trade Area and accelerate liberalization of
trade in services, realise the ASEAN Investment Area by 2010 and free flow of
investments by 2020; intensify and expand sub- regional cooperation in existing and new
sub- regional growth areas; further consolidate and expand extra- ASEAN regional
linkages for mutual benefit cooperate to strengthen the multilateral trading system, and
reinforce the role of the business sector as the engine of growth.
promote a modern and competitive small and medium enterprises (SME) sector in
ASEAN which will contribute to the industrial development and efficiency of the region.
accelerate the free flow of professional and other services in the region.
1997 ASEAN VISION 2020
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promote fi nancial sector liberalisation and closer cooperation in money and capital
market, tax, insurance and customs matters as well as closer consultations in
macroeconomic and financial policies.
accelerate the development of science and technology including i nformation
technology by establishing a regional information technology network and centers of
excellence for dissemination of and easy access to data and information.
establish interconnecting arrangements in the field of energy and utilities for elec tricity,
natural gas and water within ASEAN through the ASEAN Power Grid and a Trans –
ASEAN Gas Pipeline and Water Pipeline, and promote cooperation in energy efficiency
and conservation, as well as the development of new and renewable energy resources.
enhance food security and international competitiveness of food, agricultural and
forest products, to make ASEAN a leading producer of these products, and promote the
forestry sector as a model in forest management, conservation and sustainable
meet the ever increasing demand for improved infrastructure and communications by
developing an integrated and harmonized trans -ASEAN transportation network and
harnessing technology advances in telecommunication and information technology,
especial ly in linking the planned information highways/multimedia corridors in ASEAN,
promoting open sky policy, developing multi -modal transport, facilitating goods in transit
and integrating telecommunic ations networks through greater interconnectivity,
coordination of frequencies and mutual recognition of equipment -type approval
enhance human resource development in all sectors of the economy through quality
education, upgrading of skills and capabilities and training.
work towards a world cl ass standards and conformance system that will provide a
harmonised system to facilitate the free flow of ASEAN trade while meeting health,
safety and environmental needs.
use the ASEAN Foundation as one of the instruments to address issues of unequal
economic development, poverty and socioeconomic disparities.
promote an ASEAN customs partnership for world class standards and excellence in
efficiency, professionalism and service, and uniformity through harmonised procedures,
to promote trade and investment and to protect the health and well -being of the ASEAN
enhance intra -ASEAN trade and investment in the mineral sector and to contribute
towards a technologically competent ASEAN through closer networking and sharing of
mineral and geosciences as well as to enhance cooperation and
partnership with dialogue partners to facilitate the development and transfer of
technology in the mineral sector, particularly in the downstream research and the
geosciences and to develop appropriate mechanism for these.
1997 ASEAN VISION 2020
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A COMMUNITY OF CARIN G SOCIETIES
We envision the entire Southeast Asia to be, by 2020, an ASEAN community conscious of
its ties of history, aware of its cultural heritage and bound by a common regional identity.
We see vibrant and open ASEAN societies consistent with their respective national
identities, where all people enjoy equitable access to opportunities for total human
development regardless of gender, race, religion, language, or social and cultural
We env ision a socially cohesive and caring ASEAN where hunger, malnutrition, deprivation
and poverty are no longer basic problems, where strong families as the basic units of society
tend to their members particularly the children, youth, women and elderly; and where the
civil society is empowered and gives special attention to the disadvantaged, disabled and
marginalized and where social justice and the rule of law reign.
We see well before 2020 a Southeast Asia free of illicit drugs, free of their production,
processing, trafficking and use.
We envision a technologically competitive ASEAN competent in strategic and enabling
technologies, with an adequate pool of technologically qualified and trained manpower, and
strong networks of scientific and technological institutions and centers of excellence.
We envision a clean and green ASEAN with fully established mechanisms for sustainable
development to ensure the protection of the region’s environment, the sustainability of its
natural resources, and the high qual ity of life of its peoples.
We envision the evolution in Southeast Asia of agreed rules of behaviour and cooperative
measures to deal with problems that can be met only on a regional scale, including
environmental pollution and degradation, drug trafficki ng, trafficking in women and children,
and other transnational crimes.
We envision our nations being governed with the consent and greater participation of the
people with its focus on the welfare and dignity of the human person and the good of the
We resolve to develop and strengthen ASEAN’s institutions and mechanisms to enable
ASEAN to realize the vision and respond to the challenges of the coming century. We also
see the need for a strengthened ASEAN Secretariat with an enhanced role to support the
realization of our vision.
AN OUTWARD -LOOKING ASEAN
We see an outward- looking ASEAN playing a pivotal role in the international fora, and
advancing ASEAN’s common interests. We envision ASEAN having an intensified
relationship with its Dialogue Partners and other regional organisations based on equal
partnership and mutual respect.
1997 ASEAN VISION 2020
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We pledge to our peoples our determination and commitment to bringing this ASEAN Vision
for the Year 2020 into reality.