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Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

United Nations A
/RES/70/1

General Assembly Distr.: General
21 October 2015
Seventieth session
Agenda items 15 and 116

15-16301 (E)
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Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 Se
ptember 2015
[ without reference to a Main Committee (
A/70/L.1 )] 70/1. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development

The General Assembly
Adopts the follo wing outcome document of the United Natio ns summit for the
adoption of the post-2015 develop me nt agenda:

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustain able
Development

Preamble
T his Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperit y. It also seeks
to strengthe n universal peace in larger freedo m. We recognize that eradicating
povert y in all its for ms and di mensions, including extre me povert y, is the greatest
global challenge and an indispensable require ment f or sustainable develop me nt.
All countries and all stake holders, acting in coll aborative partnership, will
i mple me nt this plan. We are resolved to free the hu man race fro m the t yranny of
povert y and want and to heal and secure our planet. We are deter mined to take the
bold and transfor mative steps which are urgently ne eded to shift the world on to a
sustainable and resilient path. As we e mbark on thi s collective journe y, we pledge
that no one will be left behind.
T he 17 Sustainable Develop ment Goals and 169 targe ts which we are
announcing toda y de mo nstrate the scale and a mbition of this ne w universal Agenda.
T he y seek to build on the Millenni um De velop me nt Go als and co mplete what the y
did not achieve. T hey seek to realize the human rig hts of all and to achieve gender
equalit y and the e mpo werme nt of all wo men and girls . T he y are integrated and
indivisible and balance the three di me nsions of sus tainable develop ment: the
econo mic, social and environmental.
T he Goals and targets will sti mulate action over t he next 15 years in areas of
critical i mportance for humanit y and the planet.

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People

We are deter mined to end povert y and hunger, in al l their for ms and
di me nsions, and to ensure that all huma n beings can fulfil their potential in dignity
and equalit y and in a healthy environment.

Planet

We are deter mi ned to protect the planet fro m degra dation, including through
sustainable consu mption and production, sustainabl y managing its natural resources
and taking urgent action on cli mate change, so that it can support the needs of the
present and future generations.

Prosperity

We are deter mi ned to ensure that all huma n beings can enjo y prosperous and
fulfilling lives and that econo mic, social and tech nological progress occurs in
har mony with nature.

Peace

We are deter mi ned to foster peaceful, j ust and inc lusive societies which are
free fro m fear and violence. T here can be no sustai nable develop ment without peace
and no peace witho ut sustainable develop ment.

Partnership

We are deter mi ned to mobilize the means required t o imple me nt this Agenda
through a revitalized Global P artnership for Sustai nable Develop me nt, based on a
spirit of strengthe ned global solidarit y, focused i n particular on the needs of the
poorest and most vulnerable and with the participat ion of all countries, all
stakeholders and all people.

T he interlinkages and integrated nature of the Sus taina ble Develop ment Goals
are of crucial i mportance in ensuring that the purp ose of the ne w Agenda is realized.
If we realize our a mbitions across the full extent of the Age nda, the lives of all will
be profoundl y i mproved and our world will be transf or med for the better.

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Declaration
Introduction
1. We, the Heads of State and Government and High Representatives, meeting at
United Nations Headquarters in Ne w York fro m 25 to 27 Septe mber 2015 as the
Organization celebrates its seventieth anniversar y, have decided toda y on new
global Sustainable Developme nt Goals.
2. On behalf of the peoples we serve, we have adopt ed a historic decision on a
co mprehensive, far-reaching and people-centred set of universal and transfor mative
Goals and targets. We co mmit ourselves to working t irelessl y for the full
i mple me ntation of this Agenda by 2030. We recognize that eradicating poverty in all
its for ms and di mensions, including extre me povert y , is the greatest global challenge
and an indispensable require me nt for sustainable de velop me nt. We are co mmitted to
achieving sustainable develop me nt in its three di me nsions – econo mic, social and
environme ntal – in a balanced and integrated manner . We will also build upon the
achieve ments of the Millenniu m Develop ment Goals an d seek to address their
unfi nished business.
3. We resolve, bet ween no w and 2030, to end poverty and hunger ever ywhere; to
co mbat inequalities within and a mo ng countries; to build peaceful, j ust and
inclusive societies; to protect human rights and pr o mote gender equalit y and the
e mpo wer me nt of wo me n and girls; and to ensure the l asting protection of the planet
and its natural resources. We resolve also to creat e conditions for sustainable,
inclusive and sustained econo mic gro wt h, shared pro sperit y and decent work for all,
taking into account different levels of national de velop ment and capacities.
4. As we e mbark on this great collective journe y, w e pledge that no one will be
left behind. Recognizing that the dignit y of the hu ma n person is funda me ntal, we
wish to see the Goals and targets met for all natio ns and peoples and for all
segments of societ y. And we will endeavour to reach the furthest behind first.
5. T his is an Age nda of unprecedented scope and sig nificance. It is accepted b y
all countries and is applicable to all, taking into account different national realities,
capacities and levels of develop ment and respecting national policies and priorities.
T hese are universal goals and targets which involve the entire world, developed and
developing countries alike. T he y are integrated and indivisible and balance the three
di me nsions of sustainable develop me nt.
6. The Goals and targets are the result of over two years of intensive public
consultation and engage ment with civil society and other stakeholders around the
world, which paid particular attention to the voice s of the poorest and most
vulnerable. This consultation included valuable wor k done by the Open Working
Group of the General Asse mbly on Sustainable Develo pment Goals and by the United
Nations, whose Secretary-General provided a synthes is report in December 2014.

Our vision
7. In these Goals and targets, we are setting out a supre mel y a mbitious and
transfor mational vision. We envisage a world free o f povert y, hunger, disease and
wa nt, where all life can thrive. We envisage a worl d free of fear and violence.
A world with universal literac y. A world with equit able and universal access to
qualit y education at all levels, to health care and social protection, where physical,
me ntal and social well-being are assured. A world w here we reaffir m our
co mmit me nts regarding the huma n right to safe drink i ng water and sanitation and

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where there is i mproved hygiene; and where food is sufficient, safe, affordable and
nutritious. A world where hu ma n habitats are safe, resilient and sustainable and
where there is universal access to affordable, reli able and sustainable energy.
8. We envisage a world of uni versal respect for hu m an rights and hu ma n dignit y,
the rule of la w, j ustice, equalit y and non-discri mi nation; of respect for race,
ethnicity and cultural diversit y; and of equal oppo rtunity per mitting the full
realization of hu ma n potential and contributing to shared prosperit y. A world which
invests in its children and in which every child gr o ws up free fro m violence and
exploitation. A world in whi ch ever y wo ma n and girl enjoys full gender equalit y and
all legal, social and economic barriers to their e m po wer ment have been re mo ved.
A j ust, equitable, tolerant, open and socially incl usive world in which the needs of
the most vulnerable are met.
9. We envisage a world in wh ich every country enj o y s sustained, inclusive and
sustainable econo mic growt h and decent work for all . A world in which
consumption and production patterns and use of all natural resources – fro m air to
land, fro m rivers, lakes and aquifers to oceans and seas – are sustainable. One in
which de mocrac y, good governance and the rule of la w, as well as an enabling
environme nt at the national and international level s, are essential for sustainable
develop ment, including sustained and inclusive econ o mic gro wth, social
develop ment, environme ntal protection and the eradi cation of poverty and hunger.
One in whic h develop ment and the application of tec hnology are cli mate-sensitive,
respect biodiversity and are resilient. One in whic h huma nity lives in har mony wi th
nature and in which wildlife and other living speci es are protected.

Our shared principles and commitments
10. T he ne w Age nda is guided by the purposes and pr inciples of the Charter of the
United Nations, including full respect for internat ional la w. It is grounded in the
Universal Declaration of Hu ma n Rights,
1 international human rights treaties, the
Millenni um Declaration 2 and the 2005 World Summit Outco me. 3 It is infor med by
other instruments such as the Declaration on the Ri ght to Develop me nt. 4
11. We reaffir m the outco me s of all maj or United Na tions conferences and
summits which have laid a solid foundation for sust ainable develop me nt and have
helped to shape the ne w Agenda. T hese include the R io Declaration on Environme nt
and Develop me nt,
5 the Wo rld Summit on Sustainable Develop ment, the W orld
Summit for Social Develop ment, the Progra mme of Act ion of the International
Conference on P opulation and Develop ment,
6 the Beijing Platfor m for Action 7 and
the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Develo p ment. We also reaffir m the
follo w-up to these conferences, including the outco mes of the Fourth United
_______________
1 Resolution 217 A (III).
2 Resolution 55/2.
3 Resolution 60/1.
4 Resolution 41/128, annex.
5 Report of the United Nations Conference on Environ ment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3–14 June
1992 , vol. I, Resolutions Adopted by the Conference (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and
corrigendum), resolution 1, annex I. 6 Report of the International Conference on Populati on and Development, Cairo, 5–13 September 1994
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.95.XIII.18 ), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.
7 Report of the Fourth World Conference on Women, Be ijing, 4–15 September 1995 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.96.IV.13), chap. I, resolu tion 1, annex II.

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Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries, the third International
Conference on S mall Island Developing States, the s econd United Nations
Conference on La ndlocked Developing Countries and t he T hird United Nations
World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction.
12. We reaffir m all the principles of the Rio Decla ration on Environment and
Develop ment, including, inter alia, the principle o f co mmon but differentiated
responsibilities, as set out in principle 7 thereof .
13. T he challenges and co mmi t ments identified at th ese major conferences and
summits are interrelated and call for integrated so lutions. To address the m
effectivel y, a ne w approach is needed. Sustainable develop me nt recognizes that
eradicating poverty in all its for ms and di me nsions , co mbating inequality within and
a mong countries, preserving the planet, creating su stained, inclusive and sustainable
econo mic gro wth and fostering social inclusion are linked to each other and are
interdependent.
Our world today
14. We are meeting at a time of immense challenges to sustainable development.
Billions of our citizens continue to live in povert y and are denied a life of dignity. There
are rising inequalities within and among countries. There are enormous disparities of
opportunity, wealth and power. Gender inequality re mains a key challenge.
Unemployment, particularly youth une mployment, is a major concern. Global health
threats, more frequent and intense natural disaster s, spiralling conflict, violent
extremism, terrorism and related humanitarian crise s and forced displacement of
people threaten to reverse much of the development progress made in recent decades.
Natural resource depletion and adverse impacts of e nvironmental degradation,
including desertification, drought, land degradatio n, freshwater scarcity and loss of
biodiversity, add to and exacerbate the list of cha llenges which humanity faces.
Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and its adverse impacts
undermine the ability of all countries to achieve s ustainable development. Increases in
global temperature, sea level rise, ocean acidifica tion and other climate change
impacts are seriously affecting coastal areas and l ow-lying coastal countries, including
many least developed countries and small island dev eloping States. The survival of
many societies, and of the biological support syste ms of the planet, is at risk.
15. It is also, ho we ver, a ti me of i mme nse opportun it y. Significant progress has
been made in meeting ma ny develop ment challenges. W ithin the past generation,
hundreds of millions of people have e merged fro m ex tre me povert y. Access to
education has greatly increased for both bo ys and g irls. T he spread of infor mation
and co mmunications techno logy and global interconne ctedness has great potential to
accelerate hu man progress, to bridge the digital di vide and to develop kno wledge
societies, as does scientific and technological inn ovation across areas as diverse as
medicine and energy.
16. Al most 15 years ago, the M illenni um Develop ment Go als were agreed. T hese
provided an i mportant fra me work for develop ment and significant progress has been
made in a number of areas. But the progress has bee n uneven, particularly in Africa,
least developed countries, landlocked developing co untries and small island
developing States, and some of the Millenniu m De vel op me nt Goals re main off-
track, in particular those related to maternal, ne w bo rn and child health and to
reproductive health. We reco mmit ourselves to the f ull realization of all the
Millenni um De velop me nt Goals, including the off-tra ck Millenniu m Develop me nt
Goals, in particular by providing focused and scale d-up assistance to least

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developed countries and other countries in special situations, in line with releva nt
support progra mmes. T he ne w Age nda builds on the Mi llenni um Develop ment
Goals and seeks to co mplete what the y did not achie ve, particularly in reaching the
most vulnerable.
17. In its scope, ho we ver, the fra me work we are ann ouncing toda y goes far be yond
the Millenniu m Develop me nt Goals. Alongside continu ing develop ment priorities
such as povert y eradication, health, education and food securit y and nutrition, it sets
out a wide range of econo mic, social and environmen tal objectives. It also pro mises
more peaceful and inclusive societies. It also, cru ciall y, defines means o f
i mple me ntation. Reflecting the integrated approach that we ha ve decided on, there
are deep interconnections and many cross-cutting el eme nts across the ne w Goals
and targets.

The new Agenda
18. We are announcing today 17 Sustainable Deve lop m ent Goals with
169 associated targets which are integrated and ind ivisible. Never before have world
leaders pledged co mmo n action and endeavour across such a broad and universal
polic y agenda. We are setting out together on the p ath to wards sustainable
develop ment, devoting ourselves collectively to the pursuit of global develop ment
and of “ wi n- wi n” cooperation which can bring huge g ains to all countries and all
parts of the world. We reaffir m that ever y State ha s, and shall freel y exercise, full
per mane nt sovereignt y over all its wealth, natural resources and econo mic activit y.
We will i mple ment the Age nda for the full benefit o f all, for toda y’s generation and
for future generations. In doing so, we reaffir m ou r co mmit ment to international law
and e mphasize that the Agenda is to be i mple mented in a manner that is consistent
with the rights and obligations of States under int ernational la w.
19. We reaffir m the i mportance of the Universal Dec laration of Huma n Rights, as
well as other international instruments relating to huma n rights and international
la w. We e mp hasize the responsibilities of all State s, in confor mit y with the Charter
of the United Nations, to respect, protect and pro m ote human rights and
funda me ntal freedo ms for all, without distinction o f any kind as to race, colour, sex,
language, religion, political or other opinion, nat ional or social origin, propert y,
birth, disabilit y or other status.
20. Realizing gender equalit y and the e mpo wer ment o f wo me n and girls will ma ke
a crucial contribution to progress across all the G oals and targets. T he achieve me nt
of full human potential and of sustainable develop m ent is not possible if one half of
hu ma nit y continues to be denied its full huma n righ ts and opportunities. Wo men and
girls must enjo y equal access to qualit y education, econo mic resources and political
participation as well as equal opportunities with m e n and bo ys for e mplo yme nt,
leadership and decision-ma king at all levels. We wi ll work for a significant increase
in invest me nts to close the gender gap and strength e n support for institutions in
relation to gender equalit y and the e mpo wer me nt of wo men at the global, regional
and national levels. All forms of discri mi nation an d violence against wo men and
girls will be eli minated, including through the eng a geme nt of me n and bo ys. T he
syste matic mainstrea ming of a gender perspective in the i mple mentation of the
Age nda is crucial.
21. T he ne w Goals and targets will co me into effect on 1 Januar y 2016 and will
guide the decisions we take over the next 15 years. All of us will work to i mple me nt
the Age nda within our o wn countries and at the regi onal and global levels, taking
into account different national realities, capaciti es and levels of develop me nt and
respecting national policies and priorities. We wil l respect national policy space for

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sustained, inclusive and sustainable econo mic gro wth, in particular for developing
States, while remaining consistent with relevant in ternational rules and commitments.
We ackno wledge also the importance of the regional and subregional di me nsions,
regional econo mic integration and interconnectivit y in sustainable develop me nt.
Regional and subregional fra me works can facilitate the effective translation of
sustainable develop me nt policies into concrete acti on at the national level.
22. Each countr y faces specific challenges in its p ursuit of sustainable
develop ment. T he most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries,
least developed countries, landlocked developing co untries and small island
developing States, deserve special attention, as do count ries in situations of conflict
and post-conflict countries. T here are also serious challenges withi n many middle-
inco me countries.
23. People who are vulnerable must be e mpo wered. T h ose whose needs are
reflected in the Agenda include all children, youth , persons with disabilities (of
who m more than 80 per cent live in poverty), people living with HIV/ AIDS, older
persons, indigenous peoples, refugees and internall y displaced persons and
mi grants. We resolve to take further effective meas ures and actions, in confor mity
with international la w, to re move obstacles and con straints, strengthen support and
meet the special needs of people living in areas af fected b y co mplex huma nitarian
e merge ncies and in areas affected b y terrorism.
24. We are co mmitted to ending povert y in all its f or ms and di me nsions, including
by eradicating extre me poverty by 2030. All people must enj oy a basic standard of
living, including through social protection syste ms . We are also deter mi ned to end
hunger and to achieve food security as a matter of priority and to end all for ms of
malnutrition. In this regard, we reaffir m the i mpor tant role and inclusive nature of
the Co mmittee on World Food Security and welco me th e Ro me Declaration on
Nutrition and the Fra me wo rk for Action.
8 We will devote resources to developing
rural areas and sustainable agriculture and fisheri es, supporting smallholder far mers,
especiall y wo me n far mers, herders and fishers in de veloping countries, particularly
least developed countries.
25. We c o mmi t to pr o vi di ng i nc l usi ve a nd e q uit abl e q ual it y ed uc ati o n a t all
le vel s – ea rl y c hi ld hoo d, pri ma r y, se co ndar y, t ert i ar y, t ec hni c al a nd voc at io na l
trai ni ng. All people, irrespective of sex, age, rac e or ethnicit y, and persons wit h
disabilities, mi grants, indigenous peoples, childre n and youth, especially those in
vulnerable situations, should have access to life-l ong learning opportunities that
help the m to acquire the kno wledge and skills neede d to exploit opportunities and to
participate full y in societ y. We will strive to pro vide children and youth with a
nurturing environme nt for the full realization of t heir rights and capabilities, helping
our countries to reap the demo graphic dividend, inc luding through safe schools and
cohesive co mmunities and fa milies.
26. To pro mote physical and me ntal health and well- being, and to extend life
expectanc y for all, we must achieve universal healt h coverage and access to quality
health care. No one must be left behind. We co mmit to accelerating the progress
made to date in reducing ne wborn, child and materna l mortalit y b y ending all such
preventable deaths before 2030. We are co mmitted to ensuring universal access to
sexual and reproductive health-care services, inclu ding for fa mil y planning,
infor mation and education. We will equall y accelera te the pace of progress made in
fighting malaria, HIV/ AIDS , tuberculosis, hepatitis , Ebola and other co mmunicable
diseases and epide mics, inc luding b y addressing gro wi ng anti-microbial resistance
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8 World Health Organization, document EB 136/8, anne xes I and II.

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and the proble m of unattended diseases affecting de veloping countries. We are
co mmitted to the prevention and treat me nt of non-co mmunicable diseases, including
behavioural, develop me ntal and neurological disorde rs, which constitute a maj or
challenge for sustainable develop me nt.
27. We will seek to build strong econo mic foundatio ns for all our countries.
Sustained, inclusive and sustainable econo mic gro wt h is essential for prosperity.
T his will only be possible if wealth is shared and inco me inequalit y is addressed.
We will work to build dyna mic, sustainable, innovat ive and people-centred
econo mies, pro moting yo uth e mplo yment and wo men’s e cono mic e mpo wer ment, in
particular, and decent wor k for all. We will eradic ate forced labour and huma n
trafficking and end child labour in all its for ms. All countries stand to benefit from
having a healthy and well-educated workforce with t he kno wledge and skills needed
for productive and fulfilling work and full partici pation in societ y. We wil l
strengthen the productive capacities of least devel oped countries in all sectors,
including through structural transfor mation. We wil l adopt policies which increase
productive capacities, productivit y and productive e mployme nt; financial inclusion;
sustainable agriculture, pastoralist and fisheries develop ment; sustainable industrial
development; universal access to affordable, reliab le, sustainable and modern energy
services; sustainable transport systems; and qualit y and resilient infrastructure.
28. We co mmit to making funda me ntal changes in the wa y that our societies
produce and consu me goods and services. Governme nts , international organizations,
the business sector and other non-State actors and ind ividuals must contribute to
changing unsustainable consumption and production p atterns, including through the
mobilization, fro m all sources, of financial and te chnical assistance to strengthen
developing countries’ scientific, technological and innovative capacities to mo ve
to wards more sustainable patterns of consumption an d production. We encourage
the i mple mentation of the 10-Year Fra me work of Prog ra mme s on Sustainable
Consumption and Production Patterns. All countries take action, with developed
countries taking the lead, taking into account the develop ment and capabilities of
developing countries.
29. We recognize the positive contribution of migra nts for inclusive gro wt h and
sustainable develop me nt. We also recognize that int ernational mi gration is a
multidi mensional realit y of maj or relevance for the develop me nt of countries of
origin, transit and destination, which requires coh erent and co mprehensive
responses. We will cooperate internationall y to ens ure safe, orderl y and regul ar
mi gration involving full respect for huma n rights a nd the hu mane treat me nt of
mi grants regardless of migration status, of refugee s and of displaced persons. Suc h
cooperation should also strengthen the resilience o f co mmunities hosting refugees,
particularl y in developing countries. We underline the right of migrants to return to
their country of citizenship , and recall that State s must ensure that their returning
nationals are duly received.
30. States are strongl y urged to refrain fro m pro mu lgat ing and applying any
unilateral econo mic, financial or trade measures no t in accordance with internationa l
la w and the Charter of the United Nations that i mp e de the full achieve me nt of
econo mic and social develop ment, particularl y in de veloping countries.
31. We ackno wledge that the United Nations Fra me wor k Convention on Cli mate
Change
9 is the pri mar y international, intergovernmenta l fo rum for negotiating the
global response to cli mate change. We are deter mi ne d to address decisively the
threat posed b y cli mate cha nge and environmental de gradation. T he global nature of
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9 United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1771, No. 30822.

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cli mate change calls for the widest possible international cooperation ai med at
accelerating the reduction of global greenho use gas e missions and addressing
adaptation to the adverse imp act s of cli mate cha nge . We note wit h gra ve co ncer n
the si gnific a nt gap bet we e n the a ggre gate effect of parties’ mitigation pled ges i n
ter ms of glob al annual e mi ssio ns of gree nho use gase s b y 2020 a nd aggre ga te
e missio n pat h wa ys co nsiste nt with ha vi ng a li kel y c ha nce of holdi ng t he increase i n
global average te mperature belo w 2 degrees Celsius, or 1.5 degrees Celsius above
pre-industrial levels.
32. Looking ahead to the t we nty-first session of th e Conference of the P arties in
Paris, we underscore the co mmit ment of all States t o work for an a mbitious and
universal cli mate agree me nt. We reaffir m that the p rotocol, another legal instrume nt
or agreed outco me with legal force under the Conven tion applicable to all parties
shall address in a balanced manner, inter alia, mit igation, adaptation, finance ,
technology develop me nt and transfer and capacit y-b u ilding; and transparency of
action and support.
33. We recognize that social and econo mic developme nt depends on the
sustainable mana ge ment of our planet’s natural reso urces. We are therefore
deter mined to conserve and sustainably use oceans a nd seas, fresh water resources,
as well as forests, mo untains and dr ylands and to p rotect biodiversit y, ecosyste ms
and wildlife. We are also deter mined to pro mote sus tainable tourism, to tackle wate r
scarcity and water pollution, to strengt hen coopera tion on desertification, dust
stor ms, land degradation and drought and to pro mote resilience and disaster risk
reduction. In this regard, we look forward to the t hirteenth meeting of the Conference
of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Dive rsity to be held in Mexico.
34. We recognize that sustainable urban develop me nt and ma nage me nt are crucial
to the qualit y of life of our people. We will work with local authorities and
co mmunities to rene w and plan our cities and hu ma n settle me nts so as to foster
co mmunit y cohesion and personal securit y and to sti mulate inno vation and
employment. We will reduce the negative impacts of urban activities and of che micals
which are hazardous for huma n health and the enviro nme nt, including through the
environme ntally sound ma nage ment and safe use of ch e micals, the reduction and
recycling of waste and the more efficient use of wa ter and energy. And we will wo rk
to mini mize the i mpact of cities on the global cli m ate syste m. We will also take
account of population trends and projections in our national rural and urban
development strategies and policies. We look forwar d to the upcoming United Nations
Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Develop me nt to be held in Quito.
35. Sustainable develop me nt cannot be realized with out peace and securit y; and
peace and securit y will be at risk wit hout sustaina ble develop me nt. T he ne w Agend a
recognizes the need to build peaceful, j ust and inc lusive societies that provide equal
access to j ustice and that are based on respect for human rights (including the right
to develop me nt), on effective rule of la w a nd good governance at all levels and on
transparent, effective and accountable institutions . Factors which give rise to
violence, insecurit y and inj ustice, such as inequal it y, corruption, poor governanc e
and illicit financial and ar ms flo ws, are addressed in the Age nda. We must redouble
our efforts to resolve or prevent conflict and to s upport post-conflict countries,
including through ensuring that wo men have a role i n peacebuilding and State-
building. We call for further effective measures an d actions to be taken, in
confor mit y wit h international la w, to re move the ob stacles to the full realization of
the right of self-deter mination of peoples living u nder colonial and foreign
occupation, which continue to adversel y affect thei r econo mic and social
develop ment as well as their environme nt.

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36. We pledge to foster intercultural understanding , tolerance, mutual respect and
an ethic of global citizenship and shared responsib ilit y. We ackno wledge the natural
and cultural diversit y of the world and recognize t hat all cultures and civilizations
can contribute to, and are crucial enablers of, sus tainable develop me nt.
37. Sport is also an i mportant enabler of sustainab le develop ment. We recognize
the gro wi ng contribution of sport to the realizatio n of develop ment and peace in its
pro motion of tolerance and respect and the contribu tions it makes to the
e mpo wer me nt of wo me n and of young people, individua ls and co mmunities as well
as to health, education and social inclusion obj ect ives.
38. We reaffir m, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, the need to
respect the territorial integrity and political ind ependenc e of States.

Means of implementation
39. T he scale and a mbition of the ne w Age nda requir es a revitalized Global
Partnership to ensure its i mple me ntation. We fully co mmit to this. T his P artnership
will work in a spirit of global solidarit y, in part icular solidarity with the poorest and
with people in vulnerable situations. It will facil itate an intensive global engage me nt
in support of i mple me ntation of all the Goals and t argets, bringing together
Governments, the private sector, civil societ y, the United Nations syste m and other
actors and mobilizing all available resources.
40. T he mea ns of i mple ment ation targets under Goal 17 and under each
Sustainable Develop me nt Goal are ke y to realizing o ur Age nda and are of equal
i mportance with the other Goals and targets. T he Ag e nda, including the Sustaina ble
Develop ment Goals, can be met within the fra me work of a revitalized Global
Partnership for Sustainable Develop ment, supported by the concrete policies and
actions as outlined in the outco me document of the third International Conference
on Financing for Develop ment, held in Addis Ababa f ro m 13 to 16 Jul y 2015. We
welco me the endorse me nt by the General Asse mbl y of the Addis Ababa Action
Age nda,
10 which is an integral part of the 2030 Age nda for S ustainabl e
Develop ment. We recognize that the full i mple me ntat ion of the Addis Ababa Action
Age nda is critical for the realization of the Susta inable Develop me nt Goals and
targets.
41. We recognize that each countr y has pri mar y resp onsibilit y for its o wn
econo mic and social develop ment. T he ne w Age nda dea ls with the means required
for i mple me ntation of the Goals and targets. We rec ognize that these will include
the mobilization of financial resources as well as capacit y-building and the transfer
of environme ntally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable ter ms,
including on concessional and preferential ter ms, a s mutuall y agreed. P ublic
finance, both do mestic and international, will play a vital role in providing essential
services and public goods and in catal ysing other s ources of finance. We
ackno wledge the role of the diverse private sector, ranging fro m micro-enterprises
to cooperatives to multinationals, and that of civi l society organizations and
philanthropic organizations in the i mple me ntation o f the ne w Agenda.
42. We support the i mple me ntation of relevant strat egies and progra mmes of
action, including the Istanbul Declaration and Prog ra mme of Action,
11 the SID S
_______________
10 The Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third Interna tional Conference on Financing for Development
(Addis Ababa Action Agenda), adopted by the General Assembly on 27 July 2015 (resolution 69/313,
annex).
11 Report of the Fourth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries, Istanbul, Turkey,
9–13 May 2011 (
A/CONF.219/7 ), chaps. I and II.

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Accelerated Modalities of Action (S AMO A) Pathwa y 12 and the Vienna Progra mme
of Action for Landlocked Developing Countries for t he Decade 2014–2024, 13 and
reaffirm the importance of supporting the African U nion’s Agenda 2063 and the
programme of the Ne w P artnership for Africa’s Devel op ment,
14 all of whic h ar e
integral to the ne w Age nda. We recognize the major challenge to the achieve me nt of
durable peace and sustainable develop me nt in countr ies in conflict and post-conflict
situations.
43. We e mp hasize that interna tional public finance plays an i mportant role in
co mple menting the efforts of countries to mobilize public resources do mesticall y,
especiall y in the poorest and most vulnerable count ries with li mited do mestic
resources. An i mportant use of international public finance, including official
develop ment assistance (O D A), is to catal yse additi onal resource mobilization from
other sources, public and private. O D A providers re affir m their respective
co mmit me nts, including the co mmit ment b y many devel oped countries to achieve
the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national inco me for official develop me nt
assistance (OD A/ GNI) to developing countries and 0. 15 per cent to 0.2 per cent of
OD A/G NI to least developed countries.
44. We ackno wledge the i mp ortance for international financial institutions to
support, in line with their ma ndates, the policy sp ace of each countr y, in particul ar
developing countries. We reco mmit to broadening and strengthe ning the voice and
participation of developing countries – including A frican countries, least developed
countries, landlocked developing countries, small i sland developing States and
middle-inco me countries – in international econo mic decision- ma king, nor m-setting
and global econo mic governance.
45. We ackno wledge also the essential role of natio nal parlia me nts through their
enact ment of legislation and adoption of budgets an d their role in ensuring
accountability for the effective i mple me ntation of our co mmit me nts. Government s
and public institutions will also work closel y on i mpleme ntation with regional and
local authorities, subregional institutions, intern ational institutions, acade mia,
philanthropic organizations, volunteer groups and o thers.
46. We underline the i mportant role and co mparative advantage of an adequately
resourced, relevant, coherent, efficient and effect ive United Nations syste m in
supporting the achieve me nt of the Sustainable Devel op ment Goals and sustainable
develop ment. W hile stressing the i mportance of stre ngthened national o wnership
and leadership at the country level, we express our support for the ongoing dialogue
in the Econo mic and Social Council on the longer-te rm positioning of the United
Nations develop me nt syste m in the context of this A genda.

Follow-up and review
47. Our Governments have the pri mary responsibility for follo w-up and revie w, at
the national, regional and global levels, in relati on to the progress made in
i mple me nting the Goals and targets over the comi ng 15 years. To support
accountability to our citizens, we will provide for syst e matic follo w-up and review
at the various levels, as set out in this Agenda an d the Addis Ababa Action Agend a.
T he high-level political forum under the auspices o f the General Asse mbl y and the
Econo mic and Social Council will have the central r ole in overseeing follo w-up and
revie w at the global level.
_______________ 12 Resolution 69/15, annex.
13 Resolution 69/137, annex II.
14
A/57/304 , annex.

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48. Indicators are being developed to assist this w ork. Qualit y, accessible, ti mel y
and reliable disaggregated data will be needed to h elp with the measure me nt of
progress and to ensure that no one is left behind. Such data is ke y to decision-
ma king. Data and infor mation fro m existing reportin g mec hanisms should be use d
where possible. We agree to intensify our efforts t o strengthen statistical capacities
in developing countries, particularly African count ries, least developed countries,
landlocked developing countries, small island devel oping States and middle-inco me
countries. We are co mmit ted to developing broader m easures of progress to
co mple ment gross do mestic product.

A call for action to change our world
49. Seventy years ago, an earlier generation of wor ld leaders came together to create
the United Nations. From the ashes of war and divis ion they fashioned this Organization
and the values of peace, dialogue and international cooperation which underpin it. The
supreme embodiment of those values is the Charter o f the United Nations.
50. Toda y we are also taking a decision of great hi storic significance. We resolve
to build a better future for all people, including the mi llions who have been denied
the chance to lead decent, dignified and re warding lives and to achieve their full
hu ma n potential. We can be the first generation to succeed in ending povert y; j ust as
we ma y be the last to have a chance of saving the p lanet. T he world will be a better
place in 2030 if we succeed in our objectives.
51. W hat we are announcing toda y – an Agenda for gl obal action for the next
15 years – is a charter for people and planet in th e t we nty-first centur y. Children and
yo ung wo men and me n are critical agents of change a nd will find in the ne w Goals a
platfor m to channel their infinite capacities for a ctivism into the creation of a better
world.
52. “We the peoples” are the celebrated opening wor ds of the Charter of the
United Nations. It is “ we the peoples” who are e mb a rking today on the road to
2030. Our journe y will involve Governme nts as wel l as parlia ments, the United
Nations syste m and other international institutions , local authorities, indigeno us
peoples, civil societ y, busi ness and the private se ctor, the scientific and acade mi c
co mmunit y – and all people. Millions have alread y e ngaged with, and will o wn, this
Age nda. It is an Agenda of the people, b y the peopl e and for the people – and this,
we believe, will ensure its success.
53. T he future of huma nity and of our planet lies i n our hands. It lies also in the
hands of toda y’s younger generation who will pass t he torch to future generations.
We have mapped the road to sustainable develop me nt; it will be for all of us to
ensure that the journe y is successful and its gains irreversible.

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Sustainable Development Goals and targets
54. Follo wing an inclusive process of intergovernmental negotiations, and based
on the proposal of the Open Working Group on Sustai nable Develop me nt Goals, 15
which includes a chapeau contextualizing the latter , set out belo w are the Goals and
targets which we have agreed.
55. T he Sustainable Develop me nt Goals and targets a re integrated and indivisible,
global in nature and unive rsall y applicable, taking into account different national
realities, capacities and levels of develop me nt and respecting national policies and
priorities. Targets are defined as aspirational and global, with each Governme nt
setting its o wn national targets guided b y the glob al level of a mbition but taking into
account national circumstances. Each Governme nt wil l also decide ho w the se
aspirational and global targets should be incorpora ted into national planning
processes, policies and strategies. It is i mportant to recognize the link bet we en
sustainable develop me nt and other relevant ongoing processes in the econo mi c,
social and environme ntal fields.
56. In deciding upon these Goals and targets, we re cognize that each country faces
specific challenges to achieve sustainable develop m e nt, and we underscore the
special challenges facing the most vulnerable count ries and, in particular, African
countries, least developed countries, landlocked de veloping countries and small
island developing States, as well as the specific c hallenges facing the middle-
inco me countries. Countries in situations of confli ct also need special attention.
57. We recognize that baseline data for several of the targets re mains una vailable,
and we call for increased support for strengthening data collection and capacity-
building in Me mber States, to develop national and global baselines where the y do
not yet exist. We co mmit to addressing this gap in data collection so as to better
infor m the measure me nt of progress, in particular f or those targets belo w whic h do
not have clear numerical targets.
58. We encourage ongoing efforts b y States in other forums to address ke y issues
which pose potential challenges to the i mple me ntati on of our Agenda, and we
respect the independent ma ndates of those processes . We intend that the Agenda and
its i mple mentation would support, and be witho ut pr ej udice to, those other
processes and the decisions taken therein.
59. We recognize that there are different approache s, visions, models and tools
available to each countr y, in accordance with its n ational circumstances and
priorities, to achieve sustainable develop me nt; and we reaffir m that planet Earth and
its ecosyste ms are our commo n ho me and that “M other Earth” is a co mmo n
expression in a nu mber of countries and regions.
_______________
15 Contained in the report of the Open Working Group of the General Assembly on Sustainable
Development Goals (
A/68/970 and Corr.1; see also A/68/970/Add.1 –3).

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Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 1. End poverty in all its for ms ever ywhere
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food securit y and i mpr oved nutrition and
pro mote sustainable agriculture
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and pro mote well-bein g for all at all ages
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable qualit y edu cation and pro mote
lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal 5. Ac hieve gender equality and e mpo wer all wo me n and girls
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable ma nageme nt of water and
sanitation for all
Goal 7 Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sust ainable and modern
energy for all
Goal 8. Pro mote sustained, inclusive and sustainab le econo mic gro wth,
full and productive e mployme nt and decent work for all
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, pro mote inclusive and sustainable
industrialization and foster innovation
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and a mong countr ies
Goal 11. Make cities and human settle me nts inclusive, safe, resilient and
sustainable
Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consump tion and produc tion patterns
Goal 13. Take urge nt action to co mbat cli mate change and its i mp acts *
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainabl y use the oceans, seas and marine
resources for sustainable develop me nt
Goal 15. Protect, restore and pro mote sustainable use of terrestrial
ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat dese rtification,
and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biod iversit y loss
Goal 16. Pro mote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable
develop ment, provide access to j ustice for all and build
effective, accountable and inclusive institutions a t all levels
Goal 17. Strengthen the means of i mple me ntation an d revitalize the
Global P artnership for Sustainable Develop me nt
* Ac k nowl edgi ng t hat t he U nit ed Nati ons Fra mew ork Co n venti on on Cli mat e Cha nge
is the pri mar y i nt er nati onal, int ergover n mental for u m f or negotiati ng t he gl obal
resp ons e t o cli mat e c ha nge
.

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Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
1.1 B y 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people ever ywhere, currentl y
measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
1.2 B y 2030, reduce at least b y half the proportion of me n, wo me n and children of
all ages living in povert y in all its di me nsions ac cording to national definitions
1.3 I mple ment nationally appropriate social protect ion syst e ms and measures for
all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substant ial coverage of the poor and the
vulnerable
1.4 B y 2030, ensure that all me n and wo me n, in part icular the poor and the
vulnerable, have equal rights to econo mic resources , as well as access to basic
services, o wnership and control over land and other for ms of propert y, inheritance,
natural resources, appropriate ne w technology and f inancial services, including
microfinance
1.5 B y 2030, build the resilience of the poor and t hose in vulnerable situations and
reduce their exposure and vulnerabilit y to cli mate- related extre me events and othe r
econo mic, social and environmental shocks and disas ters

1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources fr o m a variet y of sources,
including through enha nced develop ment cooperation, in order to provide adequate
and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed
countries, to i mple me nt progra mmes and policies to end poverty in all its
di me nsions
1.b Create sound policy fra me works at the national, regi onal and international
levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive deve lop me nt strategies, to support
accelerated invest me nt in poverty eradication actio ns

Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and impro ved nutrition and
promote sustainable agriculture
2.1 B y 2030, end hunger and ensure access b y all pe ople, in particular the poor
and people in vulnerable situations, including infa nts, to safe, nutritious and
sufficient food all year round
2.2 B y 2030, end all for ms of malnutrition, includi ng achieving, b y 2025, the
internationally agreed targe ts on stunting and wast ing in children under 5 years of
age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescen t girls, pregna nt and lactating
wo me n and older persons
2.3 B y 2030, double the agricultural productivit y a nd incomes of small-scale food
producers, in particular wo me n, indigenous peoples, famil y far mers, pastoralists and
fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive
resources and inputs, kno wledge, financial services , markets and opportunities for
value addition and non-far m e mplo yment
2.4 B y 2030, ensure sustainable food production sys te ms and i mple me nt resilient
agricultural practices that increase productivit y a nd production, that help maintain
ecosyste ms, that strengthe n capacit y for adaptation to cli mate change, extre me
weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressivel y i mprove land
and soil qualit y
2.5 B y 2020, maintain the genetic diversit y of seed s, cultivated plants and far med
and do mesticated ani mals and their related wild spe cies, including through soundly

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ma naged and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and
international levels, and promote access to and fai r and equitable sharing of benefits
arising fro m the utilization of genetic resources a nd associated traditional
kno wledge, as internationally agreed

2.a Increase invest me nt, including through enhanced international cooperation, in
rural infrastructure, agricultural research and ext ension services, technology
develop ment and plant and livestock gene banks in o rder to enha nce agricultural
productive capacit y in developing countries, in par ticular least developed countries
2.b Correct and prevent trade restrictions and dist ortions in world agricultural
markets, including through the parallel eli mi nation of all for ms of agricultural
export subsidies and all export measures with equiv alent effect, in accordance with
the ma ndate of the Doha De velop me nt Ro und
2.c Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food co mmodit y markets
and their derivatives and facilitate ti mel y access to market infor mation, including on
food reserves, in order to help li mit extre me food price volatilit y

Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
3.1 B y 2030, reduce the global maternal mortalit y ratio to less than 70 per 100,000
live births
3.2 B y 2030, end preventable deaths of ne wborns and children under 5 years of
age, wit h all countries ai ming to reduce neonatal m o rtalit y to at least as lo w as
12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortalit y to a t least as lo w as 25 per 1,000 live
births
3.3 B y 2030, end the epide mi cs of AID S, tuberculosi s, malaria and neglected
tropical diseases and co mbat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and othe r
co mmunicable diseases
3.4 B y 2030, reduce b y one third pre mature mortali ty fro m non-co mmunicable
diseases through prevention and treat me nt and pro mo te me ntal health and wel l-
being
3.5 Strengthen the prevention and treat ment of subs tance abuse, including narcotic
drug abuse and har mful use of alcohol
3.6 B y 2020, halve the nu mbe r of global deaths and inj uries fro m road traffic
accidents
3.7 B y 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care
services, including for famil y planning, infor matio n and education, and the
integration of reproductive health into national st rategies and progra mmes
3.8 Ac hieve universal health coverage, including fi nancial risk protection, access
to qualit y essential health-care services and acces s to safe, effective, quality and
affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all
3.9 B y 2030, substantiall y reduce the nu mber of dea ths and illnesses fro m
hazardous che micals and air, water and soil polluti on and conta mination

3.a Strengthen the i mple me ntation of the World Heal th Organization Fra me work
Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate
3.b Support the research and develop ment of vaccine s and medicines for the
co mmunicable and non-communicable diseases that pri marily affect developing

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countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in
accordance with the Doha Declaration on the T RIP S A gree me nt and P ublic Health,
which affir ms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in
the Agree ment on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellect ual Propert y Rights regarding
flexibilities to protect public health, and, in par ticular, provide access to medicine s
for all
3.c Substantiall y increase health financing and the recruit ment, develop me nt,
training and retention of the health workforce in d eveloping countries, especiall y in
least developed countries and small island developi ng St ates
3.d Strengthen the capacit y of all countries, in pa rticular developing countries, for
earl y warning, risk reduction and ma nage ment of nat ional and global health risks

Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality educ ation and promote lifelong
learning opportunities for all
4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complet e free, equitable and quality
primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes
4.2 B y 2030, ensure that all girls and boys ha ve ac cess to qualit y early childhood
develop ment, care and pre-pri mar y education so that the y are read y for pri mary
education
4.3 B y 2030, ensure equal access for all wo me n and me n to affordable and qualit y
technical, vocational and tertiar y education, inclu ding university
4.4 B y 2030, substantiall y increase the number of y outh and adults who have
relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for e mployme nt, decent
jobs and entrepreneurship
4.5 B y 2030, eli mi nate gender disparities in educat ion and ensure equal access to
all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons
with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vul nerable situations
4.6 B y 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantia l proportion of adults, both me n
and wo men, achieve literacy and numerac y
4.7 B y 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the k no wledge and skills needed to
pro mote sustainable develop ment, including, a mong o thers, through education for
sustainable develop me nt and sustainable lifestyles, huma n rights, gender equalit y,
promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, g lobal citizenship and appreciation
of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development

4.a Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disabilit y and gender
sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning
environme nts for all
4.b B y 2020, substantiall y expand globall y the nu mb er of scholarships available to
developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island
developing States and African countries, for enrolm e nt in higher education,
including vocational training and infor mation and c o mmunications technology,
technical, engi neering and scientific progra mme s, i n developed countries and other
developing countries
4.c B y 2030, substantially increase the supply of q ualified teachers, including
through international cooperation for teacher train ing in developing countries,
especiall y least developed countries and small isla nd developing States

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Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all wom en and girls
5.1 End all for ms of discri minat ion against all wo me n and girls everywhere
5.2 Eli mi nate all for ms of violence against all wo m en and girls in the public and
private spheres, including trafficking and sexual a nd other types of exploitation
5.3 Eli mi nate all har mful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and
fe male genital mutilation
5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and do me stic wo rk through the provision of
public services, infrastructure and social protecti on policies and the pro motion of
shared responsibilit y within the household and the fa mil y as nationall y appropriate
5.5 Ensure wo me n’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for
leadership at all levels of decision- ma king in poli tical, econo mic and public life
5.6 Ensure uni versal access to sexual and reproduct ive health and reproductive
rights as agreed in accordance with the Progra mme o f Action of the International
Conference on P opulation and Develop me nt and the Be ijing P latfor m for Action and
the outco me docume nts of their revie w conferences

5.a Undertake refor ms to give wo me n equal rights to econo mic resources, as well
as access to o wnership and control over land and ot her for ms of propert y, financial
services, inheritance and natural resources, in acc ordanc e with national la ws
5.b Enha nce the use of enabling technology, in part icular infor mation and
co mmunications technology, to pro mote the e mpo wer me nt of wo me n
5.c Adopt and strengthe n sound policies and enforce able legislation for the
pro motion of gender equality and the e mpo wer me nt of all wo me n and girls at all
levels

Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable managem ent of water and
sanitation for all
6.1 B y 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable
drinking water for all
6.2 B y 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitab le sanitation and hygiene for
all and end open defecation, pa ying special attenti on to the needs of wo me n and
girls and those in vulnerable situations
6.3 B y 2030, i mprove water quality by reducing poll ution, eli mi nating dumping
and mini mizing release of hazardous che micals and m aterials, halving the
proportion of untreated wa ste water and substantiall y increasing rec ycling and safe
reuse globally
6.4 B y 2030, substantiall y inc rease water-use effic ienc y across all sectors and
ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshw ater to address water scarcity
and substantiall y reduce the number of people suffe ring fro m water scarcity
6.5 B y 2030, i mple ment integrated water resources m a nage me nt at all levels,
including through transboundary cooperation as appr opriate
6.6 B y 2020, protect and restore water-related ecos yste ms, including mo untains,
forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

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6.a B y 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to
developing countries in water- and sanitation-relat ed activities and progra mme s,
including water harvesting, desalination, water eff icienc y, waste water treat me nt,
recycling and reuse technologies
6.b Support and strengthen the participation of loc al co mmunities in i mproving
water and sanitation mana ge me nt

Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sust ainable and modern energy
for all
7.1 B y 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy
services
7.2 B y 2030, increase substantiall y the share of re ne wable energy in the global
energy mi x
7.3 B y 2030, double the global rate of i mprove me nt in energy efficiency

7.a B y 2030, enha nce international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy
research and technology, including rene wable energy , energy efficienc y and
advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and pr omote invest ment in energy
infrastructure and clean energy technology
7.b B y 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade tech nology for suppl ying modern
and sustainable energy services for all in developi ng countries, in particular least
developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing
countries, in accordance wit h their respective prog ra mmes of support

Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainabl e economic growth, full
and productive employment and decent work for all
8.1 Sustain per capita econo mic gro wth in accordanc e with national circumstances
and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross do mes tic product gro wt h per annum i n
the least developed countries
8.2 Ac hieve higher levels of econo mic productivity through diversification,
technological upgrading and innovation, including t hrough a focus on high-value
added and labour-intensive sectors
8.3 Pro mote develop me nt-oriented policies that supp ort productive activities,
decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity a nd innovation, and encourage the
for malization and gro wt h of micro-, small- and medi um-sized enterprises, including
through access to financial services
8.4 I mprove progressivel y, through 2030, global res ource efficienc y in
consumption and production and endeavour to decoupl e econo mic gro wt h from
environme ntal degradation, in accordance with the 1 0-Year Fra me work of
Progra mme s on Sustainable Consu mption and Productio n, with developed countries
taking the lead
8.5 B y 2030, achieve full and productive e mployme nt and decent work for all
wo me n and men, including for young people and perso ns with disabilities, and
equal pay for work of equal value
8.6 B y 2020, substantiall y reduce the proportion of yo uth not in e mplo yme nt,
education or training

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8.7 Take i mmediate and effective measures to eradic ate forced labour, end modern
slaver y and hu ma n trafficking and secure the prohib ition and eli mi nation of the
worst for ms of child labour, including recruit me nt and use of child soldiers, and by
2025 end child labour in all its for ms
8.8 Protect labour rights and pro mote safe and sec ure wo rking environments for
all workers, including mi grant workers, in particul ar wo men mi grants, and those in
precarious e mplo yment
8.9 B y 2030, devise and i mpleme nt policies to pro mo te sustainable tourism that
creates jobs and pro motes local culture and product s
8.10 Strengthen the capacit y of do mestic financial institut ions to encourage and
expand access to banking, insurance and financial s ervices for all

8.a Increase Aid for Trade support for developing c ount ries, in particular least
developed countries, including through the Enha nced Integrated Fra me work for
Trade-related Technical Assistance to Least Develop ed Countries
8.b B y 2020, develop and operationalize a global st rategy for youth e mployment
and i mple me nt the Global Jobs P act of the Internati onal Labour Organization

Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inc lusive and sustainable
industrialization and foster innovation
9.1 Develop qualit y, reliable, sustainable and resi lient infrastructure, including
regional and transborder infrastructure, to support econo mic develop me nt and
hu ma n well-being, with a focus on affordable and eq uitable access for all
9.2 Pro mote inclusive and sustainable industrializa tion and, by 2030, significantl y
raise industry’s share of emplo yment and gross do me stic product, in line with
national circumstances, and double its share in lea st developed countries
9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial a nd other enterprises, in particular
in developing countries, to financial services, inc luding affordable credit, and their
integration into value chains and markets
9.4 B y 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit in dustries to make the m
sustainable, with increased resource-use efficienc y and greater adoption of clean
and environmentall y sound technologies and industri al processes, with all countries
taking action in accordance with their respective c apabilities
9.5 Enha nce scientific research, upgrade the techno logical capabilities of
industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, b y
2030, encouraging innovation and substantiall y incr easing the number of research
and develop me nt workers per 1 million people and pu blic and private research and
develop ment spending

9.a Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastruc ture develop me nt in developing
countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African
countries, least developed countries, landlocked de veloping countries and small
island developing States
9.b Support do mestic technology develop ment, resear ch and innovation in
developing countries, including by ensuring a condu cive policy environment for,
inter alia, industrial diversification and value ad dition to co mmodities

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9.c Significantl y increase access to infor mation and co mmunications technology
and strive to provide universal and affordable acce ss to the Internet in least
developed countries b y 2020

Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countri es
10.1 B y 2030, progressively achieve and sustain inc o me gro wth of the botto m
40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
10.2 B y 2030, e mpo wer and promote the social, econo mic and political inclusion of
all, irrespective of age, sex, disabilit y, race, et hnicit y, origin, religion or econo mi c
or other status
10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequaliti es of outco me, including b y
eli minating discri minatory la ws, policies and pract ices and pro moting appropriate
legislation, policies and action in this regard
10.4 Adopt policies, especiall y fiscal, wa ge and so cial protection policies, and
progressively achieve greater equalit y
10.5 I mprove the regulation and mo nitoring of globa l financial markets and
institutions and strengthen the i mple me ntation of s uch regulations
10.6 Ensure enha nced representation and voice for d eveloping countries in
decision-making in global international econo mic an d financial institutions in order
to deliver more effective, credible, accountable an d legiti mate institutions
10.7 Facilitate orderl y, safe, regular and responsi ble migration and mobilit y of
people, including through the i mple mentation of pla nned and well-ma nage d
mi gration policies

10.a I mple ment the principle of special and differe ntial treat me nt for developing
countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade
Organization agree ments
10.b Encourage official develop ment assistance and fina ncial flo ws, including
foreign direct invest ment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least
developed countries, African countries, small islan d developing States and
landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and
progra mmes
10.c B y 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the tr ansaction costs of migrant
re mittances and eli minate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent

Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusiv e, safe, resilient
and sustainable
11.1 B y 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, sa fe and affordable housing and
basic services and upgrade slums
11.2 B y 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, a ccessible and sustainable
transport syste ms for all, i mproving road safet y, n otabl y by expanding public
transport, with special attention to the needs of t hose in vulnerable situations,
wo me n, children, persons with disabilities and olde r persons
11.3 B y 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urb anization and capacit y for
participator y, integrated and sustainable hu man set tle me nt planning and
ma nage me nt in all countries

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11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard th e world’s cultural and natural
heritage
11.5 B y 2030, significantly reduce the nu mber of de aths and the nu mber of people
affected and substantially decrease the direct econ o mic losses relative to global
gross do mestic product caused b y disasters, includi ng water-related disasters, with a
focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerab le situations
11.6 B y 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environ me ntal i mpact of cities,
including b y pa ying special attention to air qualit y and municipal and other waste
ma nage me nt
11.7 B y 2030, provide universal access to safe, inc lusive and accessible, green and
public spaces, in particular for wo me n and children , older persons and persons with
disabilities

11.a Support positive econo mic, social and environm ental links bet wee n urban,
peri-urban and rural areas b y strengthe ning nationa l and regional develop ment
planning
11.b B y 2020, substantiall y increase the number of cities and hu man settle ments
adopting and i mple me nting integrated policies and p lans to wards inclusion, resource
efficienc y, mitigation and adaptation to cli mate ch ange , resilience to disasters, and
develop and i mple me nt, in line with the Sendai Fra m e work for Disaster Risk
Reduction 2015–2030, holistic disaster risk ma nage m e nt at all levels
11.c Support least developed countries, including t hrough financial and technical
assistance, in building sustainable and resilient b uildings utilizing local materials

Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and product ion patterns
12.1 I mple ment the 10-Year Fra me work of Programme s on Sustainable
Consumption and Production P atterns, all countries taking action, with developed
countries taking the lead, taking into account the develop ment and capabilities of
developing countries
12.2 B y 2030, achieve the sustainable ma nage me nt an d efficient use of natural
resources
12.3 B y 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consu mer levels
and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest
losses
12.4 B y 2020, achieve the environmentally sound ma n age me nt of che micals and all
wa stes throughout their life c ycle, in accordance w ith agreed international
fra me works, and significant ly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to
mi ni mize their adverse i mp acts on huma n health and the environme nt
12.5 B y 2030, substantiall y reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction,
recycling and reuse
12.6 Encourage co mpa nies, especiall y large and tran snational co mpanies, to adopt
sustainable practices and to integrate sustainabili ty infor mation into their reporting
cycle
12.7 Pro mote public procure me nt practices that are sustainable, in accordance with
national policies and priorities

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12.8 B y 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant infor mation and
a wareness for sustainable develop me nt and lifestyle s in har mony with nature

12.a Support developing countries to strengthe n the ir scientific and technological
capacity to move to wards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
12.b Develop and i mple ment tools to mo nitor sustain able develop me nt i mpacts for
sustainable tourism that creates jobs and pro motes local culture and products
12.c Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful
consumption b y re mo ving market distortions, in acco rdance with national
circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those har mful
subsidies, where the y exist, to reflect their envir onmental i mpacts, taking full y into
account the specific needs and conditions of develo ping countries and mini mizing
the possible adverse i mpacts on their develop ment i n a ma nner that protects the poor
and the affected co mmunities

Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate chang e and its impacts *

13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacit y to cli ma te-related hazards and
natural disasters in all countries
13.2 Integrate cli mate change measures into nationa l policies, strategies and
planning
13.3 I mprove education, a wareness-raising and huma n and institutional capacit y on
cli mate change mitigation, adaptation, i mpact reduc tion and earl y warning

13.a I mple ment the co mmit me nt undertaken b y develop ed-country parties to the
United Nations Fra me work Convention on Cli mate Cha n ge to a goal of mobilizing
jointl y $100 billion annually by 2020 fro m all sour ces to address the needs o f
developing countries in the context of meaningful m itigation actions and
transparency on i mple me ntation and full y operationa lize the Green Cli mate Fund
through its capitalization as soon as possible
13.b Pro mote mechanisms for raising capacity for ef fective cli mate change-related
planning and ma nage me nt in least developed countrie s and small island developing
States, including focusing on wo me n, youth and loca l and marginalized
co mmunities

Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, s eas and marine resources
for sustainable development
14.1 B y 2025, prevent and significantl y reduce mari ne pollution of all kinds, in
particular fro m land-based activities, including ma rine debris and nutrient pollution
14.2 B y 2020, sustainabl y mana ge and protect marine and coastal ecosyste ms to
avoid significant adverse impacts, including by str engthening their resilience, and
take action for their restoration in order to achie ve healthy and productive oceans
14.3 Mini mize and address the i mpacts of ocean acid ification, including through
enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
* A ck nowl edgi ng t hat t he U nit ed N ati ons Fra mew ork Co n ven tion on Cli mat e Cha nge is t he
pri mar y i nt er nati onal, i nt ergove rn mental for u m f or negotiati ng the gl obal resp ons e to cli mat e
cha nge.

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14.4 B y 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and e nd overfishing, illegal,
unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and i mple ment
science-based mana ge ment plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest ti me
feasible, at least to levels that can produce maxi m um sustainable yield as
deter mined b y their biological characteristics
14.5 B y 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coas tal and marine areas, consistent
with national and international la w and based on th e best available scientific
infor mation
14.6 B y 2020, prohibit certain for ms of fisheries s ubsidies whic h contribute to
overcapacity and overfishing, eli minate subsidies t hat contribute to illegal,
unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain fro m introducing ne w such subsidies,
recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treat me nt for
developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World
Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
16
14.7 B y 2030, increase the econo mic benefits to sma ll island developing States and
least developed countries fro m the sustainable use of marine resources, including
through sustainable mana ge me nt of fisheries, aquacu lture and tourism

14.a Increase scientific kno wledge, develop researc h capacity and transfer marine
technology, taking into account the Intergovernme nt al Oceanographic Co mmission
Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine T echnology, in order to i mprove
ocean health and to enhance the contribution of mar ine biodiversit y to the
develop ment of developing countries, in particular small island developing States
and least developed countries
14.b Provide access for sma ll-scale artisanal fishe rs to marine resources and marke ts
14.c Enhance the conservation and sustainable use o f oceans and their resources by
i mple me nting international la w as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the
La w of the Sea, which provides the legal fra me work for the conservation and
sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as r ecalled in paragraph 158 of “T he
future we wa nt”

Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable u se of terrestrial ecosystems,
sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and
reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
15.1 B y 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial
and inland freshwater ecosyste ms and their services , in particular forests, wetlands,
mo untains and drylands, in line with obligations un der international agree me nts
15.2 B y 2020, pro mote the i mple me ntation of sustain able ma nage me nt of all types
of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded fo rests and substantiall y increase
afforestation and reforestation globall y
15.3 B y 2030, co mbat desertification, restore degra ded land and soil, including land
affected b y desertification, drought and floods, an d strive to achieve a land
degradation-ne utral world
_______________ 16 Taking into account ongoing World Trade Organizati on negotiations, the Doha Development Agenda
and the Hong Kong ministerial mandate.

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15.4 B y 2030, ensure the conservation of mo untain ecosyste ms, including their
biodiversit y, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential
for sustainable develop ment
15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce t he degradation of natural
habitats, halt the loss of biodiversit y and, b y 202 0, protect and prevent the
extinction of threatened species
15.6 Pro mote fair and equitable sharing of the bene fits arising fro m the utilization
of genetic resources and pro mote appropriate access to such resources, as
internationally agreed
15.7 Take urgent action to end poaching and traffic king of protected species of flora
and fauna and address both de mand and suppl y of ill ega l wildlife products
15.8 B y 2020, introduce measures to prevent the int roduction and significantl y
reduce the i mpact of inva sive alien species on land and water ecosyste ms and
control or eradicate the priorit y species
15.9 B y 2020, integrate ecosyste m and biodiversity values into national and local
planning, develop ment processes, povert y reduction strategies and accounts

15.a Mobilize and significantl y increase financial resources fro m all sources to
conserve and sustainably use biodiversit y and ecosy stems
15.b Mobilize significant resources fro m all source s and at all levels to finance
sustainable forest ma nage me nt and provide adequate incentives to developing
countries to advance such manage ment, including for conservation and reforestation
15.c Enha nce global support for efforts to co mbat p oachi ng and trafficking of
protected species, including b y increasing the capa city of local co mmunities to
pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies f or sustainable development,
provide access to justice for all and build effecti ve, accountable and
inclusive institutions at all levels
16.1 Significantl y reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all f or ms of violence against and
torture of children
16.3 Pro mote the rule of la w at the national and in ternational levels and ensure
equal access to j ustice for all
16.4 B y 2030, significantl y reduce illicit financia l and ar ms flo ws, strengthen the
recover y and return of stolen assets and co mbat all forms of organized cri me
16.5 Substantiall y reduce corruption and bribery in all their for ms
16.6 Develop effective, accounta ble and transparent institutions at all levels
16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory an d representative decision-
ma king at all levels
16.8 Broaden and strengthe n the participation of de veloping countries in the
institutions of global governance
16.9 B y 2030, provide legal identity for all, inclu ding birth registration

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16.10 Ensure public access to infor mation and prote ct funda mental freedo ms, in
accordance with national legislation and internatio nal agree ments

16.a Strengthen relevant national institutions, inc luding through international
cooperation, for building capacit y at all levels, i n particular in developing countries,
to prevent violence and co mbat terrorism and cri me
16.b Pro mote and enforce non-discri minator y la ws an d policies for sustainable
develop ment

Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global
Partnership for Sustainable Development
Finance
17.1 Strengthen do mestic resource mobilization, inc luding through international
support to developing countries, to i mprove do mesti c capacit y for tax and other
revenue collection
17.2 Developed countries to i mp le me nt full y their o fficial develop me nt assistance
co mmit me nts, including the co mmit ment b y many devel oped countries to achieve
the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national inco me for official develop me nt
assistance (OD A/G NI) to developing countries and 0. 15 to 0.20 per cent of
OD A/G NI to least developed countries; OD A providers are encouraged to consider
setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of OD A/G NI to least developed
countries
17.3 Mobilize additional financial resources for de veloping countries fro m multiple
sources
17.4 Assist developing countries in attaining long- ter m debt sustainability through
coordinated policies ai me d at fostering debt financ ing, debt relief and debt
restructuring, as appropriate, and address the exte rnal debt of highl y indebted poor
countries to reduce debt distress
17.5 Adopt and i mple me nt invest ment pro motion regi m e s for least developed
countries

Technology
17.6 Enha nce North-South, South-Sout h and triangula r regional and international
cooperation on and access to science, technology an d innovation and enha nce
kno wledge sharing on mutually agreed ter ms, includi ng through i mproved
coordination a mong existing mecha nisms, in particul ar at the United Nations level,
and through a global technology facilitation mec han ism
17.7 Pro mote the develop me nt, transfer, disse mi nati on and diffusion of
environme ntally sound technologies to developing co untries on favourable ter ms,
including on concessional and preferential ter ms, a s mutually agreed
17.8 Full y operationalize the technology bank and s cience, technology and
innovation capacity-building mec hanism for least de veloped countries b y 2017 and
enhance the use of enabling technology, in particul ar infor mation and
co mmunications technology

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Capacity-building
17.9 Enha nce international support for i mple menting effective and targeted
capacity-b uilding in developing countries to suppor t na tional plans to i mple me nt all
the Sustainable Develop me nt Goals, including throug h North-Sout h, South-South
and triangular cooperation

Trade
17.10 Pro mote a universal, rules-based, open, non-d iscri mi natory and equitable
multilateral trading syste m under the World Trade O rganization, including through
the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Devel opme nt Agenda
17.11 Significantl y increase the exports of develop ing countries, in particular with
a vie w to doubling the least developed countries’ s hare of global exports by 2020
17.12 Realize ti mel y i mple mentation of duty-free an d quota-free market access on
a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade
Organization decisions, including b y ensuring that preferential rules of origin
applicable to i mports fro m least developed countrie s are transparent and si mple, and
contribute to facilitating ma rket access

Systemic issues
Policy and institutional coherence
17.13 Enha nce global macroecono mic stabilit y, inclu ding through polic y
coordination and polic y coherence
17.14 Enha nce polic y coherence for sustainable deve lop me nt
17.15 Respect each countr y’s polic y space and leade rship to establish and
i mple me nt policies for poverty eradication and sust ainable develop ment

Multi-stakeholder partnerships
17.16 Enha nce the Global P artnership for Sustainabl e Develop ment, co mple mented
by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share kno wledge, expertise,
technology and financial resources, to support the achieve ment of the Sustainable
Develop ment Goals in all countries, in particular d eveloping countries
17.17 Encourage and pro mote effective public, publi c-private and civil societ y
partnerships, building on the experience and resour cing strategies of partnerships

Data, monitoring and accountability
17.18 B y 2020, enhance capacit y-building support to developing countries,
including for least developed countries and small i sland developing States, to
increase significantly the availabilit y of high-q ua lit y, ti mel y and reliable data
disaggregated by inco me, gender, age, race, ethnici t y, migrator y status, disability,
geographic location and other characteristics relev ant in national contexts
17.19 B y 2030, build on existing initiatives to dev elop measure ments of progress
on sustainable develop me nt that co mple ment gross do mestic product, and support
statistical capacit y-building in developing countri es

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Means of implementation and the Global Partnership
60. We reaffir m our strong commit me nt to the full i mpl e me ntation of this ne w
Age nda. We recognize that we will not be able to ac hieve our a mbitious Goals and
targets without a revitalized and enha nced Global P artnership and co mparabl y
a mbitious means of i mpl e me ntation. T he revitalized Global Partnership will
facilitate an intensive global engage me nt in suppor t of i mple mentation of all the
Goals and targets, bringing together Governments, c ivil societ y, the private sector,
the United Nations syste m a nd other actors and mobi lizing all available resources.
61. T he Agenda’s Goals and targets deal with the me a ns required to realize our
collective a mbitions. T he mea ns of i mple mentation t argets under each Sustaina ble
Develop ment Goal and Goal 17, which are referred to above, are ke y to realizing
our Age nda and are of equal i mportance with the oth er Goals and targets. We shall
accord the m equal priorit y in our i mple mentation ef forts and in the global indicator
fra me work for mo nitoring our progress.
62. T his Agenda, including the Sustainable Develop m e nt Goals, can be met within
the fra me work of a revitalized Global P artnership f or Sustainable Develop ment ,
supported b y the concrete policies and actions outl ined in the Addis Ababa Action
Age nda, which is an integral part of the 2030 Agend a for Sustainable Develop ment .
T he Addis Ababa Action Agenda supports, co mple me nts and helps to contextualize
the 2030 Agenda’s means of i mple me ntation targets. It relates to do me stic public
resources, do mestic and international private busin ess and finance, internationa l
develop ment cooperation, international trade as an engi ne for develop ment, debt and
debt sustainabilit y, addressing syste mic issues and science, technology, inno vation
and capacity-building, and data, mo nitoring and fol lo w-up.
63. Cohesive nationall y o wned sustainable develop me nt strategies, supported b y
integrated national financing fra me works, will be a t the heart of our efforts. We
reiterate that each country has pri mar y responsibil it y for its o wn econo mic and
social develop ment and that the role of national po licies and develop ment strategies
cannot be overe mp hasized. We will respect each coun try’s policy space and
leadership to i mple me nt policies for poverty eradic ation and sustainable
develop ment, while re mai ning consistent with releva nt international rules and
co mmit me nts. At the sa me ti me, national develop ment efforts need to be supported
by an enabling international econo mic environment, including coherent and
mutually supporting world trade, monetar y and finan cial syste ms, and strengthe ned
and enhanced global economic governance. Processes to develop and facilitate the
availabilit y of appropriate kno wledge and technolog ies globall y, as well as capacit y-
building, are also critical. We co mmit to pursuing policy coherence and an enabling
environme nt for sustainable develop me nt at all leve ls and b y all actors, and to
reinvigorating the Global P artnership for Sustainab le Develop me nt.
64. We support the i mple me ntation of relevant strat egies and progra mmes of
action, including the Istanbul Declaration and Prog ra mme of Action, the SID S
Accelerated Modalities of Action (S AM O A) P ath wa y an d the Vienna Progra mme of
Action for Landlocked D eveloping Countries for the Decade 2014–2024, and
reaffir m the i mportance of supporting the African U nion’s Agenda 2063 and the
progra mme of the Ne w P artnership for Africa’s Devel op me nt, all of which are
integral to the ne w Age nda. We recognize the major challenge to the achieve me nt of
durable peace and sustainable develop me nt in countr ies in conflict and post-conflict
situations.
65. We recognize that middle-inco me countries still face significant challenges to
achieve sustainable developme nt. In order to ensure that achieve me nts made to date

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are sustained, efforts to address ongoing challenges sho uld be strengthened through
the exchange of experiences, i mproved coordination, and better and focused support
of the United Nations develop ment syste m, the inter national financial institutions,
regional organizations and other stakeholders.
66. We underscore that, for all countries, public p olicies and the mobilization and
effective use of do mestic resources, underscored by the principle of national
o wnership, are central to our co mmo n pursuit of sus tainable develop me nt, including
achieving the Sustainable Develop me nt Goals. We rec ognize that do mestic
resources are first and foremost generated by econo mic gro wth, supported by an
enabling environme nt at all levels.
67. Private business activit y, invest me nt and innov ation are maj or drivers of
productivit y, inclusive econo mic gro wt h and job cre ation. We ackno wledge the
diversity of the private sector, ranging fro m micro -enterprises to cooperatives to
multinationals. We call upon all businesses to appl y their creativit y and inno vation
to solving sustainable develop me nt challenges. We w ill foster a dyna mic and well-
functioning business sector, while protecting labou r rights and environme ntal and
health standards in accordance with relevant intern ational standards and agree me nts
and other ongoing initiatives in this regard, such as the Guiding Principles on
Business and Hu ma n Right s
17 and the labour standards of the International Labo ur
Organization, the Convention on the Rights of the C hild 18 and ke y multilatera l
environme ntal agree ments, for parties to those agre e me nts.
68. International trade is an engine for inclusive economic gro wth and povert y
reduction, and contributes to the pro motion of sust ainable develop ment. We wi ll
continue to pro mote a universal, rules-based, open, transparent, predictable,
inclusive, non-discri minatory and equitable multila teral trading syste m under the
World Trade Organization, as well as meaningful tra de liberalization. We call upon
all me mbers of the World Trade Orga nization to redo uble their efforts to pro mptly
conclude the negotiations on the Doha Develop ment A ge nda.
19 We attach grea t
i mportance to providing trade-related capacit y-buil ding for developing countries,
including African countries, least developed countr ies, landlocked developing
countries, small island developing States and middl e-inco me countries, including
for the pro motion of regional econo mic integration and interconnectivit y.
69. We recognize the need to assist developing coun tries in attaining long-ter m
debt sustainabilit y through coordinated policies ai med at fostering debt financing,
debt relief, debt restructuring and sound debt mana geme nt, as appropriate. Ma ny
countries re main vulnerable to debt crises and so me are in the midst of crises,
including a nu mber of least developed countries, sm all island developing States and
so me developed countries. We reiterate that debtors and creditors must work
together to prevent and resolve unsustainable debt situations. Maintaining
sustainable debt levels is the responsibilit y of th e borrowi ng countries; ho wever we
ackno wledge that lenders also have a responsibilit y to lend in a wa y that does not
under mine a country’s debt sustainabilit y. We will support the maintenance of debt
sustainabilit y of those countries that have receive d debt relief and achieved
sustainable debt levels.
_______________ 17
A/HRC/17/31 , annex.
18 United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1577, No. 27531.
19
A/C.2/56/7 , annex.

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70. We hereby launch a Technology Facilitation Mech a nism which was established
by the Addis Ababa Action Age nda in order to suppor t the Sustainable Develop ment
Goals. T he Technology Facilitation Mec hanism will b e based on a multi-stakeholder
collaboration bet ween Me mber States, civil societ y, the private sector, the scientific
co mmunit y, United Nations entities and other stakeh olders and will be co mposed of
a United Nations inter-agency task tea m on science, technology and innovation for
the Sustainable Develop ment Goals, a collaborative multi-stakeholder forum on
science, technology and innovation for the Sustaina ble Develop me nt Goals and an
online platfor m.
• T he United Nations inter-agenc y task tea m on sci ence, technology and
innovation for the Sustainable Develop ment Goals wi ll pro mote coordination,
coherence and cooperation within the United Nations syste m on science,
technology and innovation-related matters, enhancin g synergy and efficienc y,
in particular to enha nce capacity-b uilding initiati ves. T he task tea m will dra w
on existing resources and will work with 10 represe ntatives fro m civil
societ y, the private sector and the scientific co mm unit y to prepare the
meetings of the multi-stakeholder forum on science, technology and
innovation for the Sustainable Develop ment Goals, a s well as in the
develop ment and operationalization of the online pl atfor m, including
preparing proposals for the modalities for the foru m a nd the online platfor m.
T he 10 representatives will be appointed b y the Sec retar y-General, for
periods of t wo years. T he task tea m will be open to the participation of all
United Nations agencies, funds and progra mmes and t he functional
co mmissions of the Economic and Social Council and it will initially be
co mposed of the entities that currently integrate t he infor mal working group
on technology facilitation, na mel y, the Depart ment of Econo mic and Social
Affairs of the Secretariat, the U nited Nations Envi ronme nt Progra mme, the
United Nations Industrial Develop ment Organization, the U nited Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Orga nization, the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Develop me nt, the Internatio nal Teleco mmunication
Union, the World Intellectual Property Orga nization and the World Bank.
• T he online platfor m will be used to establish a co mp rehensive mapping of,
and serve as a gate wa y for, infor mation on existing science, technology and
innovation initiatives, mechanisms and progra mmes, within and be yond the
United Nations. T he online platfor m will facilitate access to infor mation,
kno wledge and experience, as well as best practices and lessons learned, on
science, technology and innovation facilitation ini tiatives and policies. T he
online platfor m will also facilitate the disse mi nat ion of relevant open access
scientific publications ge nerated world wide. T he on line platfor m will be
developed on the basis of an independent technical assessme nt which will
take into account best practices and lessons learne d fro m other initiatives,
within and beyond the U nited Nations, in order to e nsure that it will
co mple ment, facilitate access to and provide adequa te infor mation on existing
science, technology and innovation platfor ms, avoid ing duplications and
enhancing synergies.
• T he multi-stakeholder forum on science, technolo gy and innovation for the
Sustainable Develop me nt G oals will be convened once a year, for a period of
t wo da ys, to discuss science, technology and innova tion cooperation around
the matic areas for the i mpleme ntation of the Sustai nable Develop ment Goals,
congregating all relevant stakeholders to activel y contribute in their area of
expertise. T he forum will provide a venue for facil itating interaction,

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matchma king and the establishment of net works bet ween relevant
stakeholders and multi-stakeholder partnerships in order to identify and
exa mi ne technology needs and gaps, including on sci entific cooperation,
innovation and capacit y-b uilding, and also in order to help to facilitate
develop ment, transfer and disse mi nation of relevant technologies for the
Sustainable Develop ment G oals. T he meetings of the forum will be convened
by the P resident of the Econo mic and Social Council before the meeting of
the high-level political forum under the auspices o f the Council or,
alternativel y, in conj unction with other forums or conferences, as appropriate,
taking into account the the me to be considered and on the basis of a
collaboration with the orga nizers of the other foru ms or conferences. T he
meetings of the forum will be co-chaired b y t wo M e m ber States and will
result in a summar y of discussions elaborated b y th e t wo co-Chairs, as an
input to the meetings of the high-level political f orum, in the context of the
follo w-up and revie w of the i mple me ntation of the p ost-2015 develop ment
agenda.
• T he meetings of the high-level political forum w ill be infor med b y the
summar y of the multi-stakeholder forum. T he the me s for the subsequent
multi-stakeholder forum on science, technology and innovation for the
Sustainable Develop me nt G oals will be considered by the high-level political
forum on sustainable develop ment, taking into accou nt expert inputs fro m the
task tea m.
71. We reiterate that this Age nda and the Sustainab le Develop me nt Goals and
targets, including the mea ns of i mple mentation, are universal, indivisible and
interlinked.

Follow-up and review
72. We co mmit to enga ging in syste matic follo w-up a nd revie w of the
i mple me ntation of this Age nda over the next 15 year s. A robust, voluntar y, effective,
participator y, transparent and integrated follo w-up and revie w fra me work will make
a vital contribution to i mple me ntation and will hel p countries to maxi mize and track
progress in i mple menting this Age nda in order to en sure that no one is left behind.
73. Operating at the national, regional and global levels, it will pro mote
accountability to our citizens, support effective i nternational cooperation in
achieving this Agenda and foster exchanges of best practices and mutual learning. It
will mobilize support to ove rco me shared challenges and identify ne w a nd e merging
issues. As this is a universal Agenda, mutual trust and understanding a mong all
nations will be i mportant.
74. Follo w-up and revie w processes at all levels wi ll be guided b y the follo wi ng
principles:
(
a) T he y will be voluntar y and countr y-led, will take into account different
national realities, capacities and levels of develo p me nt and will respect policy space
and priorities. As national o wnership is ke y to ach ieving sustainable develop ment ,
the outco me fro m national-level processes will be t he foundation for revie ws at the
regional and global levels, given that the global r eview will be pri maril y based on
national official data sources.
(
b) T he y will track progress in imple me nting the univ ersal Goals and targets,
including the mea ns of i mp le me ntation, in all count ries in a ma nner which respects

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their universal, integrated and interrelated nature and the three di mensions of
sustainable develop me nt.
(
c) T he y will mai ntain a longer-ter m orientation, ide ntify achieve me nts,
challenges, gaps and critical success factors and s upport countries in making
infor med policy choices. T he y will help to mobilize the necessar y means of
i mple me ntation and partne rships, support the identi fication of solutions and best
practices and pro mote the coordination and effectiv eness of the internationa l
develop ment syste m.
(
d) T he y will be open, inclusive, participator y and t ransparent for all people
and will support reporting by all relevant stakehol ders.
(
e) T he y will be people-centred, gender-sensitive, re spect huma n rights and
have a particular focus on the poorest, most vulner able and those furthest behind.
(
f) T he y will build on existing platfor ms and process es, where these exist,
avoid duplication and respond to national circumst a nces, capacities, needs and
priorities. T he y will evolve over ti me, taking into account e merging issues and the
develop ment of ne w methodologies, and will mi ni mize the reporting burden on
national ad mi nistrations.
(
g) T he y will be rigorous and based on evidence, info r me d b y countr y-led
evaluations and data which is high-qualit y, accessi ble, ti mel y, reliable and
disaggregated by inco me, sex, age, race, ethnicit y, mi gration status, disabilit y and
geographic location and other characteristics relev ant in national contexts.
(
h) T he y will require enhance d capacit y-building supp ort for developing
countries, including the strengthe ning of national data syste ms and evaluation
progra mmes, particularl y in African countries, leas t developed countries, sma ll
island developing States, landlocked developing cou ntries and middle-income
countries.
(
i) T he y will benefit fro m the active support of the U nited Nations syste m
and other multilateral institutions.
75. T he Goals and targets will be follo wed up and r evie we d using a set of global
indicators. T hese will be co mple me nted b y indicator s at the regional and national
levels which will be developed b y Me mber States, in addition to the outco mes of
work undertaken for the develop ment of the baseline s for those targets where
national and global baseline data does not yet exis t. T he global indicator fra me work,
to be developed b y the Inter-Agenc y and Expert Grou p on Sustainable Develop me nt
Goal Indicators, will be agreed by the Statistical Co mmission b y March 2016 and
adopted thereafter by the Econo mic and Social Counc i l and the General Asse mbl y,
in line with existing ma ndates. T his fra me work will be si mple yet robust, address all
Sustainable Develop me nt G oals and targets, includin g for means of i mple me ntation,
and preserve the political balance, integration and a mbition contained therein.
76. We will support developing countries, particula rl y African countries, least
developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing
countries, in strengthe ning the capacit y of nationa l statistical offices and data
syste ms to ensure access to high-qualit y, ti mel y, r eliable and disaggregated data. We
will pro mote transparent and accountable scaling-up of appropriate public-private
cooperation to exploit the contribution to be made by a wide range of data,
including earth observation and geospatial infor mat ion, while ensuring national
o wnership in supporting and tracking progress.

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77. We co mmit to fully engage in conducting regular and inclusive revie ws of
progress at the subnational, national, regional and global levels. We will dra w as far
as possible on the existing net work of follo w-up an d revie w institutions and
mec hanisms. National reports will allo w assessments of progress and identify
challenges at the regional and global level. Along with regional dialogues and global
revie ws, the y will infor m reco mme ndations for follo w-up at various levels.

National level
78. We encourage all Me mber States to develop as so on as practicable a mbitious
national responses to the overall i mple mentation of this Agenda. T hese can support
the transition to the Sustainable Develop ment Goals and build on existing planni ng
instruments, such as national develop ment and susta inable develop ment strategies,
as appropriate.
79. We also encourage Me mber States to conduct regu lar and inclusive revie ws of
progress at the national and subnational levels whi ch are countr y-led and country-
driven. Such revie ws shoul d dra w on contributions f ro m indigenous peoples, civil
societ y, the private sector and other stakeholders, in line wit h national
circumstances, policies and priorities. National pa rlia me nts as well as othe r
institutions can also support these processes.

Regional level
80. Follo w-up and revie w at the regional and subreg ional levels can, as
appropriate, provide useful opportunities for peer learning, including through
voluntar y revie ws, sharing of best practices and di scussion on shared targets. We
welco me in this respect the cooperation of regional and subregional co mmissions
and organizations. Inclusive regional processes wil l draw on national-level revie ws
and contribute to follo w-up and revie w at the globa l level, including at the high-
level political forum on sustainable develop me nt.
81. Recognizing the i mportance of building on exist ing follo w-up and revie w
mec hanisms at the regional level and allo wi ng adequ ate policy space, we encourage
all Me mber States to identify the most suitable reg ional forum in whic h to engage.
United Nations regional co mmissions are encouraged to continue supporting
Me mber States in this regard.

Global level
82. T he high-level political forum will have a cent ral role in overseeing a net work
of follo w-up and revie w processes at the global lev el, working coherentl y with the
General Asse mbl y, the Econo mic and Social Council a nd other relevant organs and
forums, in accordance with existing ma ndates. It wi ll facilitate sharing of
experiences, including suc cesses, challenges and le ssons learned, and provide
political leadership, guidance and reco mme ndations for follo w-up. It will pro mot e
syste m-wide coherence and coordination of sustainab le develop ment policies. It
should ensure that the Age nda re mains relevant and ambitious and should focus on
the assessme nt of progress, achieve me nts and challe nges faced by developed and
developing countries as wel l as ne w and e merging is sues. Effective linka ges will be
made with the follo w-up and revie w arrange ments of all relevant United Nations
conferences and processes, including on least devel oped countries, small island
developing States and landlocked developing countri es.
83. Follo w-up and revie w at the high-level politica l forum will be infor med by an
annual progress report on the Sustainable Develop me nt Goals to be prepared by the
Secretar y-General in cooperation with the U nited Na tions syste m, based on the

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global indicator fra me work and data produced by nat ional statistical syste ms and
infor mation collected at the regional level. T he hi gh-level political forum will also
be infor med by the
Global Sustainable Development Report , which shall strengthe n
the science-polic y interface and could provide a st rong evidence-based instrume nt to
support polic yma kers in pro moting povert y eradicati on and sustainable
develop ment. We invite the P resident of the Econo mi c and Social Co uncil to
conduct a process of consul tations on the scope, me tho dology and frequenc y of the
global report as well as its relation to the progre ss report, the outco me of whic h
should be reflected in the mi nisterial declaration of the session of the high-level
political forum in 2016.
84. T he high-level political forum, under the auspi ces of the Econo mic and Social
Council, shall carry out regular revie ws, in line w ith General Asse mbl y resolution
67/290 of 9 July 2013. Revie ws will be voluntar y, w hile encouraging reporting, and
include developed and developing countries as well as relevant U nited Nations
entities and other stakeholders, including civil so ciety and the private sector. T he y
shall be State-led, involving mi nisterial and other relevant high-level participants.
T he y shall provide a platfor m for partnerships, inc luding through the participation
of major groups and other relevant stakeholders.
85. T he matic revie ws of progress on the Sustainable Develop ment Goals,
including cross-cutting issues, will also take plac e at the high-level political forum.
T hese will be supported b y revie ws b y the functiona l co mmissions of the Econo mi c
and Social Council and other intergovernme ntal bodi es and forums which should
reflect the integrated nature of the Goals as well as the interlinkages bet wee n the m.
T he y will engage all relevant stakeholders and, whe re possible, feed into, and be
aligned with, the cycle of the high-level political forum.
86. We welco me, as outlined in the Addis Ababa Acti on Age nda, the dedicated
follo w-up and revie w for the financing for develop m e nt outco mes as well as all the
mea ns of i mple me ntation of the Sustainable Develop m e nt Goals which is integrated
with the follo w-up and revie w fra me work of this Age nda. T he intergovernmentally
agreed conclusions and reco mme ndations of the annua l Econo mic and Social
Council forum o n financing for develop ment will be fed into the overall follo w-up
and revie w of the i mple mentation of this Agenda in the high-level political forum.
87. Meeting ever y four years under the auspices of the General Asse mbl y, the
high-level political forum will provide high-level political guidance on the Agenda
and its i mple mentation, identify progress and e merg i ng challenges and mobilize
further actions to accelerate i mple me ntation. T he n ext high-level political forum
under the auspices of the G eneral Asse mbl y will be held in 2019, with the cycle of
meetings thus reset, in order to maxi mize coherence with the quadrenni al
co mprehensive polic y review process.
88. We also stress the i mportance of syste m- wide st rategic planning,
i mple me ntation and reporting in order to ensure coh erent and integrated support to
the i mple me ntation of the ne w Agenda by the United Nations develop ment system.
T he relevant governing bodies should take action to revie w such support to
i mple me ntation and to report on progress and obstac les. We welco me the ongoing
dialogue in the Econo mic and Social Council on the longer-ter m positioning of the
United Nations develop me nt syste m and look for war d to taking action on these
issues, as appropriate.
89. T he high-level political forum will support par ticipation in follo w-up and
revie w processes by the major groups and other rele vant stakeholders in line wit h
resolution 67/290. We call upon those actors to rep ort on their contribution to the
i mple me ntation of the Agenda.

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90. We request the Secretar y-General, in consultation with Me mber States, to
prepare a report, for consideration at the seventie th session of the General Asse mbl y
in preparation for the 2016 meeting of the high-lev el political forum, which outlines
critical milestones to wards coherent, efficient and inclusive follo w-up and revie w a t
the global level. T he report should include a propo sal on the organizational
arrange me nts for State-led revie ws at the high-leve l political forum under the
auspices of the Econo mic and Social Council, includ ing reco mmendations on
voluntar y co mmo n reporting guidelines. It should cl arify institutional
responsibilities and provide guidance on annual the me s, on a sequence of the matic
revie ws, and on options for periodic revie ws for th e high-level political forum.
91. We reaffir m our un wavering co mmit me nt to achiev ing this Age nda and
utilizing it to the full to transfor m our world for the better by 2030.

4th plenary meeting
25 September 2015

Instruments mentioned in the section entitled
“Sustainable Development Goals and targets”
World Health Organization Fra me work Convention on T obacco Control (United
Nations,
Treaty Series , vol. 2302, No. 41032)
Sendai Fra me work for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2 030 (resolution 69/283,
annex II)
United Nations Convention on the La w of the Sea (U n ited Nations,
Treaty Series ,
vol. 1833, No. 31363)
“T he future we wa nt” (resolution 66/288, annex)

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