India

ICNL’s resources and information on India.

Overview

ICNL works closely with local partners to help build civil society partnerships and provide resources on the non-profit sector and philanthropy in India. These resources include papers on the civil society regulatory framework, a philanthropy law report, and the India Civic Freedom Monitor, which offers a snapshot of Indian laws and various developments relevant to civic space. ICNL also supports efforts to raise awareness around issues related to funding, digital rights, securitization, and other areas affecting civil society in India.

Flag of India (Graphic Credit: Wikimedia)
Highlights
India flag (credit: unsplash.com)

India’s Foreign Contribution Regulation Act

In recent years, India has enacted a number of regulatory measures constricting funding for domestic non-profit organizations, the most well-known of which is the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA). The act represents a securitized approach to foreign funding that is out of step with international standards. It has obstructed humanitarian relief efforts in India during the recent COVID-19 surge and other disasters. Our resource page provides analysis, information, and key resources on FCRA.

computer with digital bar graph (photo credit: pixabay.com)

Creating a Truly Social Stock Exchange in India

As India, the world’s largest democracy, gears up to construct an SSE, a comprehensive analysis of the experiences, structures, and learnings from SSEs across the world can help civil society, policymakers, and the private sector create a more enabling environment for social organizations. This report written by Samhita in partnership with ICNL, reviews the social stock exchanges of Brazil, Portugal, South Africa, Jamaica, the UK, Singapore, and Canada to provide analysis of the recommendations proposed by India’s SSE working group. Read the full report here. 

Young woman on leather couch working at a laptop while browsing her phone (Photo: Maxim Ilyahov on Unsplash)

India Digital Freedoms Series

Amidst trends towards authoritarianism and closing civic space, India’s changing landscape calls for attention. This report series, researched and written by the Centre for Internet and Society with support from ICNL,  undertakes an examination of four key topics related to digital rights and civic space in India: internet shutdowns, online censorship, platform governance, and surveillance. Read the full report here

Civic Freedom Monitor

India

Last updated: 25 July 2021

The response to the COVID-19 crisis in India has been hampered due to restrictions imposed by the Foreign Contribution (Regulati [...]

Global Grantmaking Country Notes

In partnership with the Council on Foundations, ICNL maintains reports on thirty-four countries that help U.S grantmakers undertake equivalency determinations for foreign grantees. The reports in this series describe the legal frameworks for nonprofit organizations and provide translations of relevant legislative provisions.

Philanthropy Law Report

Indian culture places great emphasis on giving. The ancient philosophy of Nishkama Karma – “do good without the expectation of getting a reward” – profoundly influences many peoples’ lives. At the national level, the legal framework is considered relatively supportive of civil society, and particularly supportive of philanthropic giving. This report explores the current state of laws and regulations affecting philanthropy, unpacking the history, and the present-day legal environment. It is accompanied by supplemental materials to provide more context on civil society and philanthropy in India.

Resources

India’s Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act

India flag (credit: unsplash.com)
In recent years, India has enacted a number of regulatory measures constricting funding for domestic non-profit organizations, the most well-known ... Read More

India’s 2020 FCRA Amendments Impact on Association

india ambulance (credit: unsplash.com)
This ICNL legal briefer provides a brief history and context of the FCRA, followed by an international legal analysis of ... Read More

News

Creating a Truly Social Stock Exchange in India

computer with digital bar graph (photo credit: pixabay.com)
This report written by Samhita in partnership with ICNL, reviews the social stock exchanges of Brazil, Portugal, South Africa, Jamaica, ... Read More

COVID-19, Information Problems, and Digital Surveillance

COVID-19, Information Problems, and Digital Surveillance
In this piece for the Center for Global Development, ICNL Alliance Advisory Council Member Michael Pisa discusses how the use ... Read More
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Digital Legal Library