ICNL’s resources and information on India.


ICNL works closely with local partners to help build civil society partnerships and provide resources on the non-profit sector and philanthropy in India. These resources include papers on the civil society regulatory framework, a philanthropy law report, and the India Civic Freedom Monitor, which offers a snapshot of Indian laws and various developments relevant to civic space. ICNL also supports efforts to raise awareness around issues related to funding, digital rights, securitization, and other areas affecting civil society in India.

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Civic Freedom Monitor


Last updated: 11 May 2021

NGOs have reportedly been unable to respond at capacity to the current COVID-19 crisis in India due to the restrictions imposed b [...]

Global Grantmaking Country Notes

In partnership with the Council on Foundations, ICNL maintains reports on thirty-four countries that help U.S grantmakers undertake equivalency determinations for foreign grantees. The reports in this series describe the legal frameworks for nonprofit organizations and provide translations of relevant legislative provisions.

Philanthropy Law Report

Indian culture places great emphasis on giving. The ancient philosophy of Nishkama Karma – “do good without the expectation of getting a reward” – profoundly influences many peoples’ lives. At the national level, the legal framework is considered relatively supportive of civil society, and particularly supportive of philanthropic giving. This report explores the current state of laws and regulations affecting philanthropy, unpacking the history, and the present-day legal environment. It is accompanied by supplemental materials to provide more context on civil society and philanthropy in India.




Indian Parliament passes Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Bill

Indian Parliament passes Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Bill
On August 19, 2010, India's Rajya Sabha passed the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Bill. If enacted, the Bill will replace the ... Read More

New provisions in India affecting charitable institutions

New provisions in India affecting charitable institutions
By Noshir H. Dadrawala New Direct Tax Code 2009 A new Direct Tax Code has been proposed by the government ... Read More

Proposed amendment to the definition of ‘charitable purpose’ in India

Proposed amendment to the definition of 'charitable purpose' in India
By Noshir H. Dadrawala Under Section 2 (15) of the Income Tax Act, ‘Charitable Purpose’ includes: relief of the poor ... Read More

Digital Legal Library