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Public Assembly Act

นักรางกฎหมาย
วันอังคารที ่ 18 สิงหาคม พ . ศ . 2558
Translation: Thai Public Assembly Act of 2015 by
Pakorn Nilprapunt
Tra n sla tio n [1 ]

P U BLIC A SSE M BLY A CT,
B .E . 2 558 ( 2 015)

B H UM IB O L A D ULY A D EJ, R EX.
G iv e n o n t h e 9 t h D ay o f J u ly B .E . 2 558;
B ein g t h e 7 0 th Y e ar o f t h e P re se n t R eig n .

H is M aje sty K in g B hum ib ol A duly a d ej i s g ra cio u sly p le ase d t o p ro cla im
t h at:

W here as i t i s e x p ed ie n t t o h av e a l a w o n p ubli c a sse m bly ;

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ศึกษา
วาดวยยุทธศาสตรชาติ
Translation: Thai Public Assembly
Act of 2015 by P…
วิน ัยชาติกับการปฏิรูปประเทศ
คลังบทความของบล็อก
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B e i t , t h ere fo re , e n acte d b y t h e K in g, b y a n d w it h t h e a d vic e a n d
co n se n t o f t h e N atio n al L eg is la tiv e A sse m bly , a s f o llo w s:

S e ctio n 1 . T his A ct i s c a lle d t h e “ P ubli c A sse m bly A ct, B .E . 2 558”.

S e ctio n 2 . T his A ct s h all c o m e i n to f o rc e a t t h e e x p ir a tio n o f t h ir ty
d ay s a s f r o m t h e d ate o f i t s p ubli c a tio n i n t h e G ove rn m en t G aze tte . [2 ]

S e ctio n 3 . T his A ct s h all n ot a p ply t o t h e f o llo w in g p ubli c
a sse m bli e s:
( 1 ) a sse m bly o n t h e c o ur se o f R oya l C ere m on y o r S ta te C ere m on y;
( 2 ) a sse m bly o n t h e c o ur se o f r e li g io u s r it u als , t r a d it io n al a ctiv it y o r
lo ca l c u lt u re ;
( 3 ) a sse m bly i n e n te rta in m en t, s p ort o r t o u ris m p ro m otio n e v e n t, o r
an y o th er a ctiv it y b ein g h eld f o r c o m merc ia l p urp ose o f t h e p ro m ote r;
( 4 ) a sse m bly w it h in e d uca tio n i n stit u tio n ;
( 5 ) a sse m bly o r p ubli c g a th erin g u n der t h e p ro vis io n s o f l a w o r
aca d em ic m eetin g o r s e m in ar o f a n y e d uca tio n i n stit u tio n o r a n y a g en cy f o r
aca d em ic p urp ose ;
( 6 ) p ubli c a sse m bly w hile t h e S ta te o f E m erg en cy i s d ecla re d o r w hile
t h e M artia l L aw i s a p pli e d a n d p ubli c a sse m bly b ein g h eld f o r t h e p urp ose o f
ca m paig n in g d urin g a n e le ctio n p erio d s h all c o m ply w it h t h e l a w r e la te d t h ere to .

S e ctio n 4 . I n t h is A ct:
“ P ubli c a sse m bly ” m ean s a n a sse m bly o f i n div id uals i n p ubli c p la ce s o
a s t o e x p re ss t h eir c o m mon p etit io n , s up port, o p posit io n o r o p in io n o n a n y m atte r
to t h e p ubli c a n d a n y i n div id ual i s a b le t o a tte n d s u ch a sse m bly f r e ely i r re sp ectiv e
o f w heth er s u ch a sse m bly c o m posin g o f p ubli c p ro ce ssio n o r m arc h in g;
“ P ubli c p la ce ” m ean s a p ie ce o f l a n d o r a c o n str u ctio n w hic h i s S ta te ’s
p ro p erty f o r p ubli c u se o r p re se rv e d f o r p ubli c u tili z a tio n o r w hic h i s n ot b elo n g t o
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Sta te a g en cy b u t b ein g i n p osse ssio n o f o r u se d b y S ta te a g en cy a n d t h e p eo p le i s
a b le t o e n te r t h ere in l e ga lly , i n clu d in g h ig h w ay a n d p ubli c w ay ;
“ H ig h w ay ” m ean s t h e h ig h w ay u n der t h e l a w o n h ig h w ay ;
“ P ubli c w ay ” m ean s a n y w ay o r w ate rw ay u se d b y t h e p ubli c , i n clu d in g
ra il o f a n y r a il s y ste m u se d f o r p ubli c t r a n sp orta tio n ;
“ P ro m ote r” m ean s a p ers o n w ho c a us es t o h av e p ubli c a sse m bly , a n d
in clu d es a p ers o n w ho d esir e s t o p ro m ote p ubli c a sse m bly a n d a p ers o n w ho
activ e ly e n co u ra g es o r b eg s a n oth er t o a tte n d p ubli c a sse m bly b y e x p re ssin g o r
b eh av in g a n y a ct t o c o n vin ce a n oth er t h at h e i s a n p ro m ote r o r c o -p ro m ote r o f t h at
asse m bly ;
“ P artic ip an t” i n clu d es a p ro m ote r a n d a p ers o n p artic ip atin g p ubli c
a sse m bly i r re sp ectiv e o f w heth er s u ch p ers o n a tte n ds p ubli c a sse m bly u p on a n
en co u ra g em en t o r b eg gin g o f t h e p ro m ote r;
“ S ta te a g en cy ” m ean s a g o ve rn m en t a g en cy, S ta te e n te rp ris e ,
g o ve rn m en t o rg a n iz a tio n , p ubli c o rg a n iz a tio n , l o ca l a d m in is tr a tiv e o rg a n iz a tio n ,
C on stit u tio n al o rg a n iz a tio n a n d o th er S ta te a g en cie s;
“ A uth orit y ” m ean s t h e c h ie f o f p oli c e s ta tio n o f t h e a re a w here p ubli c
a sse m bly i s t o b e h eld o r a n y o th er p ers o n e n tr u ste d a s a ut horit y u n der t h is A ct;
“ M in is te r” m ean s t h e M in is te r h av in g c h arg e a n d c o n tr o l o f t h e
exe cu tio n o f t h is A ct.

S e ctio n 5 . T he P rim e M in is te r s h all h av e c h arg e a n d c o n tr o l o f t h e
exe cu tio n o f t h is A ct a n d s h all h av e t h e p ow er t o i s su e t h e n otif ic a tio n f o r t h e
exe cu tio n o f t h is A ct.
S u ch n otif ic a tio n s h all c o m e i n to f o rc e u p on i t s p ubli c a tio n i n t h e
G ove rn m en t G aze tte .

C h ap te r 1
G en era l P ro vis io n s

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S e ctio n 6 . P ubli c a sse m bly s h all b e i n p eace fu l m an n er a n d w it h ou t
arm s.
T he e xe rc is e o f r ig h ts a n d l i b ertie s o f a p artic ip an t i n a n y p ubli c
a sse m bly s h all b e s u bje cte d t o t h e s c o p e o f r ig ht s a n d l i b ertie s a s p ro vid ed b y t h e
C on stit u tio n a n d l a w .

S e ctio n 7 . N o p ubli c a sse m bly s h all b e h eld w it h in t h e r a d iu s o f o n e
hun dre d a n d f if t y m ete rs f r o m t h e b ou n dary o f t h e G ra n d P ala ce , R oya l P ala ce ,
R oya l R esid en ce o f t h e H eir t o t h e T hro n e o r o f H is o r H er R oya l H ig hn ess P rin ce o r
P rin ce ss, R oya l P ala ce U p-C ou n tr y o r R oya l M an sio n o r f r o m t h e p la ce w here t h e
K in g, t h e Q ueen , t h e H eir t o t h e T hro n e o r H is o r H er R oya l H ig hn ess P rin ce o r
P rin ce ss s ta y s o r r e sid es, o r f r o m t h e p la ce o f R oya l V is it o rs .
N o p ubli c a sse m bly s h all b e h eld w it h in t h e N atio n al A sse m bly , t h e
G ove rn m en t H ou se a n d t h e C ou rts ; p ro vid ed t h at, t h e s p ecif ic p la ce f o r p ubli c
a sse m bly i s p ro vid ed t h ere in .
T he C ou rts u n der p ara g ra p h t w o m ean t h e C on stit u tio n al C ou rt, t h e
C ou rt o f J u stic e , t h e A dm in is tr a tiv e C ou rt, t h e M ili t a ry C ou rt a n d o th er C ou rts
e sta b li s h ed b y l a w .
I n c a se o f n ece ssa ry a n d f o r t h e m ain te n an ce o f p ubli c s a fe ty a n d
publi c o rd er, t h e C om mis sio n er G en era l o f t h e R oya l T hai P oli c e o r h is e n tr u ste d
p ers o n s h all, a ft e r h av in g c o n sid ere d t h e n um bers o f p artic ip an t a n d r e la te d
cir c u m sta n ce s o f e ach p ubli c a sse m bly , h av e t h e p ow er t o n otif y n o p ubli c a sse m bly
z o n e w it h in t h e r a d iu s o f n ot e xce ed in g f if t y m ete rs f r o m t h e b ou n dary o f t h e
p la ce s u n der p ara g ra p h t w o.

S e ctio n 8 . N o p ubli c a sse m bly s h all o b str u ct g a te w ay o f, i m ped e t h e
p erfo rm an ce o f d utie s o f, o r h in der a cce ss t o s e rv ic e o f, t h e f o llo w in gs:
( 1 ) S ta te a g en cie s’ o ffic e ;
( 2 ) a ir p ort, w harf, r a il s ta tio n o r a n y o th er p ubli c t r a n sp ort s ta tio n ;
( 3 ) h osp it a l, e d uca tio n i n stit u tio n a n d r e li g io u s e sta b li s h m en t;
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( 4 ) e m bassy o r c o n su la te o f f o re ig n S ta te o r o ffic e o f i n te rn atio n al
o rg a n iz a tio n ;
( 5 ) o th er p la ce s a s n otif ie d b y t h e M in is te r.

S e ctio n 9 . A S ta te a g en cy m ay p ro vid e s p ecif ic p la ce f o r p ubli c
a sse m bly .
T he p ro vis io n o f t h e s p ecif ic p la ce f o r p ubli c a sse m bly u n der t h is
s e ctio n i s n ot p re ju d ic e t o t h e l i b erty o f t h e p eo p le t o o rg a n iz e p ubli c a sse m bly i n
a n y o th er p ubli c p la ce .
T he p ro vis io n s o f C hap te r 2 , N otif ic a tio n o f P ubli c A sse m bly , s h all n ot
ap ply t o t h e p ubli c a sse m bly h eld w it h in t h e p la ce u n der p ara g ra p h o n e.

C h ap te r 2
N otif ic a tio n o f P ubli c A sse m bly

S e ctio n 1 0. W hoev e r i n te n ds t o c a u se t o h av e p ub li c a sse m bly s h all
n otif y t h e a u th orit y a t l e ast t w en ty f o u r h ou rs p rio r t o b eg in t h at p ubli c a sse m bly .
I t s h all b e d eem ed t h at t he p ers o n w ho e n co u ra g es o r b eg s a n oth er b y
an y m ean s t o a tte n d p ubli c a sse m bly o n s p ecif ic d ate , t im e a n d p la ce a s w ell a s t h e
ap pli c a n t f o r t h e u se o f p ubli c p la ce o r a m pli f ie r f o r p ubli c a sse m bly o r w ho
re q u ests f o r o ffic ia l f a cili t a tio n f o r p ubli c a sse m bly i s a p ers o n w ho d esir e s t o c a u se
to h av e p ubli c a sse m bly u n der p ara g ra p h o n e.

T he n otif ic a tio n s h all i d en tif y o b je ctiv e o f, a n d d ate , t im e a n d p la ce f o r,
p ubli c a sse m bly i n a cco rd an ce w it h t h e p ro ce d ure n otif ie d b y t h e M in is te r. S u ch
p ro ce d ure s h all b e f a cili t a tiv e a n d s h all a ls o b e m ad e v ia i n fo rm atio n t e ch n olo gy.

S e ctio n 1 1. T he a u th orit y s h all, u p on r e ce iv in g o f p ubli c a sse m bly
n otif ic a tio n , s e n d s u m mary o f p ubli c a sse m bly u n der t h is A ct t o t h e p ers o n w ho
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mad e t h at n otif ic a tio n w it h in t w en ty f o u r h ou rs a s f r o m t h e t im e h e r e ce iv e d t h at
n otif ic a tio n .
I n t h e c a se w here t h e a u th orit y i s o f o p in io n t h at s u ch n otif ic a tio n m ay
b e c o n tr a ry t o s e ctio n 7 o r s e ctio n 8 , h e s h all o rd er t h e p ers o n w ho m ad e t h at
n otif ic a tio n t o a ct i n c o m pli a n ce t h ere w it h w it h in s p ecif ic p erio d .
I f t h e p ers o n w ho m ad e n otif ic a tio n f a ils t o c o m ply w it h t h e o rd er
u n der p ara g ra p h t w o, t h e a u th orit y s h all h av e t h e p ow er t o p ro h ib it t h at p ubli c
a sse m bly a n d s h all n otif y t h at p ers o n i n w rit in g.
I f t h e p ers o n w ho m ad e n otif ic a tio n d oes n ot a g re e w it h t h e o rd er o f
th e a u th orit y u n der p ara g ra p h t h re e, h e s h all a p peal a ga in st s u ch o rd er t o t h e
su p erin te n den t o f t h at a u th orit y . T he s u p erin te n den t s h all i n t h is c a se c o m ple te
a n d n otif y h is d ecis io n o n s u ch a p peal t o t h e a p pella n t w it h in t w en ty f o u r h ou rs .
T he d ecis io n o n s u ch a p peal s h all b e f in al. [ 3 ] I f s u sp en sio n o rd er i s g iv e n , n o p ubli c a sse m bly s h all b e h eld d urin g a n
a p peal p ro ce d ure .

S e ctio n 1 2. I f t h e p ers o n w ho i n te n ds t o c a u se t o h av e p ubli c
a sse m bly i s u n ab le t o m ak e n otif ic a tio n w it h in t h e p erio d u n der s e ctio n 1 0, h e s h all
n otif y h is i n te n tio n t o geth er w it h a n a p pli c a tio n f o r e x te n sio n o f s u ch p erio d t o t h e
C om man der o f p oli c e o f B an gk o k M etr o p oli t a n o r C om man der o f p oli c e o f e ach
C han gw at ,[4 ] a s t h e c a se m ay b e, p rio r t o b eg in t h at p ubli c a sse m bly .
T he p ro vis io n s o f s e ctio n 1 0 p ara g ra p h t h re e s h all a p ply t o t h e
n otif ic a tio n u n der p ara g ra p h o n e m uta tis m uta n dis .
T he C om man der o f p oli c e u n der p ara g ra p h o n e s h all n otif y h is o rd er t o
t h e a p pli c a n t f o r i n fo rm atio n w it h in t w en ty f o u r h ou rs a s f r o m t h e t im e h e r e ce iv e s
th e a p pli c a tio n .

S e ctio n 1 3. T he a u th orit y u n der s e ctio n 1 1 a n d t h e C om man der o f
p oli c e u n der s e ctio n 1 2 s h all b e t h e c o m pete n t o ffic ia l u n der t h e C rim in al
P ro ce d ure C od e.

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S e ctio n 1 4. T he p ubli c a sse m bly h eld i n v io la tio n o f s e ctio n 6 o r
w it h ou t n otif ic a tio n u n der s e ctio n 1 0 o r i n c o n tr a ry t o t h e o rd er o f t h e a ut horit y
u n der s e ctio n 1 1 o r a ft e r t h e a p pli c a n t r e ce iv e s t h e w rit te n o rd er o f r e fu sin g t h e
ex te n sio n o f t h e n otif ic a tio n p erio d u n der s e ctio n 1 2 s h all b e d eem ed i lle ga l p ubli c
a sse m bly .

C h ap te r 3
D utie s o f P ro m ote r a n d P artic ip an t

S e ctio n 1 5. A p ro m ote r s h all h av e t h e d utie s a s f o llo w s:
( 1 ) o ve rs e ein g a n d s u p erv is in g p ubli c a sse m bly t o b e i n p eace fu l
m an ner a n d w it h ou t a rm s w it h in t h e s c o p e o f t h e r ig ht s a n d l i b ertie s u n der t h e
C on stit u tio n ;
( 2 ) o ve rs e ein g a n d s u p erv is in g p ubli c a sse m bly f r o m b ein g o b sta cle
o f t h e p ubli c i n u sin g o f p ubli c p la ce i m mod era te ly , a n d o ve rs e ein g a n d s u p erv is in g
th e p artic ip an t t o a ct i n c o m pli a n ce w it h s e ctio n 1 6;
( 3 ) m ak in g t h e p artic ip an t k n ow n o f h is d utie s u n der s e ctio n 1 6 a s
w ell a s c o n dit io n s o r o rd ers i m pose d b y t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r;
( 4 ) p ro vid in g c o op era tio n w it h t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r f o r t h e
acco m pli s h m en t o f ( 1 ) a n d ( 2 );
( 5 ) r e fr a in in g f r o m e n co u ra g in g, i n cit in g o r i n ducin g p artic ip an t t o
v io la te s e ctio n 1 6;
( 6 ) n ot u sin g a m pli f ie r f o r p ubli c s p eak in g o r f o r d oin g a n y a ctiv it y
d urin g 2 4.0 0 h ou rs t o 0 6.0 0 h ou rs ;
( 7 ) n ot u sin g e le ctr ic a m pli f ie r w it h p ow er o r p it c h a s n otif ie d b y t h e
C om mis sio n er G en era l o f t h e R oya l T ha i P oli c e .

S e ctio n 1 6. A p artic ip an t s h all h av e t h e d utie s a s f o llo w s:
( 1 ) n ot b ein g o b str u cte d t h e p ubli c f r o m u sin g o f t h e p ubli c p la ce
w here t h e p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld o r c a us in g u n re aso n ab le i n co n ve n ie n ce t o a n y
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pers o n ;
( 2 ) n ot b ein g d re sse d t o c o n ce al o r c a m ou fla g e h im se lf f r o m b ein g
id en tif ie d i n te n tio n ally ; p ro vid ed t h at, t h ere i s u su al t r a d it io n al d re ssin g;
( 3 ) n ot t a k in g a n y w eap on , f ir e w ork , r e p li c a g un o r a n yth in g t h at m ay
b e u se d a s w eap on i n to t h e p la ce w here p ubli c a sse m bly h eld i r re sp ectiv e o f
w heth er h e i s l i c e n se d t o b are s u ch t h in g;
( 4 ) n ot t r e sp assin g o f, o r d am ag in g, d estr o yin g o r c a us in g u n usa b le
o f, p ro p erty o f o th er p ers o n s;
( 5 ) n ot p la cin g a n y p ers o n i n t h e s ta te o f f e ar o f i n jur y t o h is l i f e ,
b od y, p ro p erty o r l i b erty ;
( 6 ) n ot c o m mit tin g a n y a ct o f v io le n ce o r t h re ate n in g t o c a us e i n ju ry
to o th er p artic ip an ts o r a n y o th er p ers o n ;
( 7 ) n ot o b str u ctin g o r d oin g a n y a ct w hic h m ay o b str u ct t h e
p erfo rm an ce o f d utie s o f t h e c o m pete n t o ffic ia l i n r e n derin g f a cili t a tio n t o t h e
p ubli c i n u sin g o f t h e p ubli c p la ce o r i n t a k in g c a re o f t h at p ubli c a sse m bly ;
( 8 ) n ot c o n ductin g p ubli c p re ce ssio n o r m arc h in g d urin g 1 8.0 0 h ou rs
to 0 6.0 0 h ou rs ; p ro vid ed t h at, p erm is s io n g ra n te d b y t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r;
( 9 ) c o m ply in g w it h t h e c o n dit io n s i m pose d b y, o r o rd er o f, t h e
su rv e illa n t o ffic e r.

S e ctio n 1 7. I f n o p ubli c p ro ce ssio n o r m arc h in g h as b een i n clu d ed i n
t h e p ubli c a sse m bly n otif ic a tio n , t h e p ubli c p ro ce ssio n o r m arc h in g m ay b e
co n ducte d o n ly i f t h e n otif ic a tio n t h ere o n h as b een m ad e t o t h e c h ie f o f t h e p oli c e
sta tio n w ho i s r e sp on sib le f o r t h at p ubli c a sse m bly .

S e ctio n 1 8. A p artic ip an t s h all a d jo u rn t h e p ubli c a sse m bly w it h in t h e
p erio d i n w hic h t h e p ro m ote r n otif ie d t o t h e a ut horit y .
I f t h e p ro m ote r d esir e s t o c o n tin ue p ubli c a sse m bly , h e s h all n otif y
s u ch e x te n sio n t o t h e a u th orit y w it h in t w en ty f o u r h ou rs p rio r t o t h e e x p ir a tio n o f
th e p erio d u n der p ara g ra p h o n e.

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Ch ap te r 4
P ubli c F a cili t a tio n a n d S u rv e illa n ce o f P ubli c A sse m bly

S e ctio n 1 9. T he c h ie f o f p oli c e s ta tio n o f t h e a re a w here p ubli c
a sse m bly i s h eld s h all s u rv e ille t h at p ubli c a sse m bly t o b e c o m pli a n t w it h t h is A ct
a n d s h all n otif y t h e a d m in is tr a tiv e o ffic e r w ho i s r e sp on sib le f o r, o r t h e l o ca l
ad m in is tr a tio n o rg a n iz a tio n o f, t h e a re a w here t h at p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld o r
p ubli c r e la tio n a g en cy o f S ta te o r p riv a te i n t h at a re a f o r t h eir i n fo rm atio n .
I n t h e c a se w here p ubli c a sse m bly c o ve rs r e sp on sib le a re a o f m an y
p oli c e s ta tio n s, t h e p oli c e c o m man der o r t h e c o m mis sio n er, a s t h e c a se m ay b e, w ho
is r e sp on sib le f o r t h ose a re a s h all b e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r u n der p ara g ra p h o n e.
T he C om mis sio n er G en era l o f t h e R oya l T hai P oli c e m ay, i f h e t h in ks f it ,
a p poin t a n oth er p oli c e o ffic e r t o b e a d d it io n al s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r o r t o b e i n p la ce o f
th e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r u n der p ara g ra p h o n e o r p ara g ra p h t w o.
T he s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r s h all, i n o rd er t o m ain ta in p ubli c f a cili t a tio n , t o
s u rv e il p ubli c a sse m bly a n d t o p ro te ct p ubli c o rd er o r g o o d m ora l, h av e t h e
fo llo w in g p ow ers a n d d utie s:
( 1 ) t o p ro vid e f a cili t a tio n t o t h e p ubli c i n u sin g o f t h e p ubli c p la ce i n
w hic h p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld ;
( 2 ) t o p ro vid e s a fe ty , f a cili t a tio n o r l e sse n in g n uis a n ce t o t h e p eo p le
l iv in g n earb y t h e p ubli c p la ce i n w hic h p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld ;
( 3 ) t o p ro vid e s a fe ty a n d f a cili t a tio n t o t h e p artic ip an t p re se n tin g i n
p ubli c a sse m bly ;
( 4 ) t o p ro vid e f a cili t a tio n t o t r a ff ic a n d p ubli c t r a n sp orta tio n i n t h e
p la ce w here p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld a s w ell a s t h e a d ja ce n t a re a w it h a v ie w t o
le sse n i m pacts t o p ubli c c a u se d b y t h at p ubli c a sse m bly ;
( 5 ) t o i m pose c o n dit io n o r o rd er t o b e c o m pli e d w it h b y t h e p ro m ote r,
t h e p artic ip an t o r a n y o th er p ers o n s ta y in g w it h in t h e p la ce w here t h e p ubli c
a sse m bly i s h eld f o r t h e p erfo rm an ce o f d utie s u n der ( 1 ), ( 2 ), ( 3 ) o r ( 4 ).
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F o r t h e p erfo rm an ce o f d utie s u n der t h is s e ctio n , t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r
m ay t e m pora rily c lo se o r d iv e rt t r a ffic i n a n y p ubli c w ay s o a s t o m ain ta in p ubli c
f a cili t a tio n o r t o s u rv e il p ubli c a sse m bly .
T he a d m in is tr a tiv e o ffic e r o r l o ca l a d m in is tr a tio n o rg a n iz a tio n o r S ta te
o ffic ia l i n t h e a re a w here t h e p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld s h all, u p on r e q u est o f t h e
su rv e illa n t o ffic e r, a ct i n c o m pli a n ce w it h s u ch r e q u est i f s o i s s u bje cte d t o h is
p ow ers a n d d utie s.
T he s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r a n d p oli c e o ffic e r t o b e e n tr u ste d t o s u rv e il
p ubli c a sse m bly s h all o b ta in t r a in in g t o h av e g o o d s k ill, a tt it u d e a n d e n dura n ce o n
p ubli c a sse m bly a n d s h all w ear u n if o rm . T he s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r m ay a p ply c ro w ded
co n tr o l e q u ip m en t a s n otif ie d b y t h e M in is te r.

S e ctio n 2 0. T he R oya l T hai P oli c e a n d p ubli c r e la tio n a g en cy o f S ta te
s h all, b efo re , d urin g a n d a ft e r p ubli c a sse m bly , c o n duct o r c o ord in ate w it h o th ers t o
in fo rm t h e p ubli c , f r o m t im e t o t im e, t he p la ce a n d d ura tio n o f p ubli c a sse m bly a s
w ell a s t h e m ost c o m fo rta b le t r a ffic o r p ubli c t r a n sp orta tio n r o u te s o a s t o e n su re
th at t h at p ubli c a sse m bly p ro d uce s u n nece ssa ry b u rd en t o t h e p ubli c a s l i t tle a s
p ossib le .

S e ctio n 2 1. I f t h ere i s a n i lle ga l p ubli c a sse m bly u n der s e ctio n 1 4 o r
th e p ro m ote r o r p artic ip an t v io la te s s e ctio n 7 o r f a ils t o c o m ply w it h s e ctio n 8 ,
se ctio n 1 5, s e ctio n 1 6, s e ctio n 1 7 o r s e ctio n 1 8, t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r s h all:
( 1 ) i n c a se o f i lle ga l p ubli c a sse m bly u n der s e ctio n 1 4 o r p ubli c
a sse m bly i s n ot a d jo u rn w it h in t h e p erio d a s n otif ie d t o t h e a ut horit y u n der s e ctio n
1 8, n otic e t h e p artic ip an t t o a d jo u rn t h at p ubli c a sse m bly w it h in t h e p erio d a s
im pose d b y t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r;
( 2 ) i n t h e c a se w here t h e p ro m ote r o r p artic ip an t v io la te s s e ctio n 7 o r
fa ils t o c o m ply w it h s e ctio n 8 , s e ctio n 1 5, s e ctio n 1 6, s e ctio n 1 7 o r s e ctio n 1 8,
n otic e t h e p artic ip an t t o m ak e c o rre ctio n w it h in t h e p erio d a s i m pose d b y t h e
su rv e illa n t o ffic e r.
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I n t h e c a se w here t h e p artic ip an t f a ils t o c o m ply w it h t h e n otic e u n der
p ara g ra p h o n e, t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r s h all r e q u est t h e C iv il C ou rt o r C han gw at
C ou rt h av in g j u ris d ic tio n o ve r t h e p la ce w here t h e p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld f o r t h e
ord er t o a d jo u rn t h at p ubli c a sse m bly . I n a w ait in g t h e C ou rt’s o rd er, t h e s u rv e illa n t
offic e r s h all h av e t h e p ow er t o d o a n y n ece ssa ry a ct i n a cc o rd an ce w it h t h e p la n o r
gu id eli n e f o r s u rv e illa n ce o f p ubli c a sse m bly a s a p pro ve d b y t h e C ou n cil o f
M in is te rs u p on r e co m men datio n o f t he R oya l T hai P oli c e s o a s t o m ain ta in p ubli c
f a cili t a tio n a n d t o p ro te ct p ubli c a sse m bly .
T he p la n o r g u id eli n e f o r s u rv e illa n ce o f p ubli c a sse m bly u n der
p ara g ra p h t w o s h all r e q u est t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r t o r e fr a in f r o m u sin g o f f o rc e . I n
t h e c ir c u m sta n ce t h at t h e u se o f f o rc e i s u n av o id ab le , t h e u se o f f o rc e a n d t h e
ap pli c a tio n o f c ro w ded c o n tr o l e q u ip m en t s h all b e d on e n ece ssa rily .
T he p erfo rm an ce o f t h e s ur ve illa n t o ffic e r u n der t h is s e ctio n i s n ot
p re ju d ic e t o t h e r ig h t o f o th er p ers o n w ho s u ffe rs o r d am ag es f r o m t h at p ubli c
a sse m bly t o r e q u est t h e C iv il C ou rt o r C han gw at C ou rt h av in g j u ris d ic tio n o ve r t h e
p la ce w here t h e p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld f o r t h e o rd er t o a d jo u rn t h at p ubli c
a sse m bly .

S e ctio n 2 2. T he C ou rt s h all, u p on r e ce iv in g t h e r e q u est u n der s e ctio n
2 2, c o n sid er t h at r e q u est u rg en tly .
I f i t a p pears t o t h e C ou rt t h at t h e p artic ip an t f a ils t o c o m ply w it h t h e
n otic e o f t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r m ad e un der s e ctio n 2 1, t h e C ou rt s h all h av e a n
o rd er a lt o geth er w it h t h e d ecre e t o e n fo rc e s u ch o rd er r e q u ir in g t h e p artic ip an t t o
a d jo u rn t h at p ubli c a sse m bly w it h in t h e p erio d a s i m pose d b y t h e C ou rt.
T he o rd er o f t h e C ou rt u n der p ara g ra p h t w o m ay b e a p peale d t o t h e
A ppeal C ou rt o r R eg io n al A ppeal C ou rt. T he o rd er o f t h e A ppeal C ou rt o r R eg io n al
A ppeal C ou rt s h all b e f in al a n d c o n clu siv e .
T he e xe cu tio n o ffic e r s h all p ost u p t h e o rd er o f t h e C ou rt a t t h e p la ce
w hic h i s e asily s e en a ro u n d t h e a re a w here p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld a n d s h all n otif y
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th at o rd er i n a n y m an ner w hats o ev e r s o a s t o m ak e i t k n ow n t o t h e p artic ip an t a n d
th e g en era l p ubli c .

S e ctio n 2 3. I f t h e p artic ip an t f a ils t o c o m ply w it h t h e C ou rt o rd er
w it h in t h e p erio d i m pose d t h ere in , t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r s h all r e p ort t h e C ou rt f o r
in fo rm atio n a n d n otif y t h e a re a w here t h e p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld a n d i t s v ic in it y a s
n ece ssa ry a s t h e r e str ic te d a re a. T he s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r s h all i n fo rm t h e p artic ip an t
to l e av e t h e r e str ic te d a re a w it h in t h e i m pose d p erio d a n d p ro h ib it a n y p ers o n f r o m
en te rin g t h e r e str ic te d a re a w it h ou t p erm is sio n o f t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r. T he
su rv e illa n t o ffic e r s h all t h en r e p ort t h e M in is te r f o r i n fo rm atio n .
T he C om man der o f t h e M etr o p oli t a n P oli c e i n B an gk o k M etr o p oli t a n o r
C han gw at G ove rn or i n o th er C han gw at o r a n y p ers o n e n tr u ste d b y t h e M in is te r
sh all, u p on t h e n otif ic a tio n o f t h e r e str ic te d a re a u n der p ara g ra p h o n e, h av e c h arg e
an d c o n tr o l t o d is p ers e t h at p ubli c a ss e m bly i n c o m pli a n t w it h t h e C ou rt’s o rd er.
I n c a se o f n ece ssit y , t h e M in is te r m ay e n tr u st o th er p ers o n t o h av e
ch arg e a n d c o n tr o l t o d is p ers e t h at p ub li c a sse m bly .

S e ctio n 2 4. A ft e r t h e e x p ir a tio n o f p erio d t o l e av e t h e r e str ic te d a re a,
if t h e p artic ip an t s till b e i n t h at a re a o r e n te rs i n to t h at a re a w it h ou t p erm is sio n o f
th e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r, t h at p ers o n i s d eem ed t o c o m mit f la g ra n t o ffe n se a n d t h e
p ers o n h av in g c h arg e a n d c o n tr o l t o d is p ers e t h e p ubli c a sse m bly o r h is e n tr u ste d
p ers o n s h all d is p ers e t h at p ubli c a sse m bly i n c o m pli a n t w it h t h e C ou rt’s o rd er. I n
t h is r e ga rd , t h e p ers o n h av in g c h arg e a n d c o n tr o l t o d is p ers e t h e p ubli c a sse m bly
o r h is e n tr u ste d p ers o n s h all h av e t h e p ow ers a s f o llo w :
( 1 ) t o a rre st a n y p ers o n w ho s till b e i n t h at a re a o r e n te rs i n to t h at
are a w it h ou t p erm is sio n o f t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r;
( 2 ) t o s e arc h , s e iz e , a tta ch o r r e m ove a n y p ro p erty w hic h i s u se d o r
h av in g f o r u se i n t h at p ubli c a sse m bly ;
( 3 ) t o d o a n y n ece ssa ry a ct i n a cc o rd an ce w it h t h e p la n o r g ui deli n e f o r
su rv e illa n ce o f p ubli c a sse m bly u n der s e ctio n 2 1;
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( 4 ) t o h av e a n y p ro h ib it io n o rd er f o r t h e b en efit o f d is p ers io n o f p ubli c
a sse m bly .
T he p ro vis io n s o f s e ctio n 1 9 p ara g ra p h s e v e n s h all a p ply t o t h e p ers o n
w ho p erfo rm s t h e d uty u n der p ara g ra p h o n e m uta tis m uta n dis .

S e ctio n 2 5. I n t h e c a se w here t h e p artic ip an t c o m mit s a n y v io le n t a n d
harm fu l a ct w hic h m ay a ffe ct l i f e , b od y, m en ta li t y o r p ro p erty o f o th ers a n d m ay
g iv e r is e t o p ubli c u n re st, t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r s h all h av e t h e p ow er t o o rd er t h e
p artic ip an t t o s to p d oin g s u ch a ct. I f t h e p artic ip an t f a ils t o c o m ply w it h s u ch o rd er,
t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r a n d t h e p ers o n ha vin g c h arg e a n d c o n tr o l t o d is p ers e t h e
p ubli c a sse m bly a n d h is e n tr u ste d p ers o n s h all h av e t h e p ow er t o p ro ce ed w it h
s e ctio n 2 3 a n d s e ctio n 2 4.
T he p artic ip an t w ho d oes n ot a g re e w it h t h e o rd er u n der p ara g ra p h
on e m ay o p pose t h at o rd er t o t h e C iv il C ou rt o r C han gw at C ou rt h av in g j u ris d ic tio n
ove r t h e a re a w here t h e p ubli c a sse m bly i s h eld w it h in t h ir ty d ay s a s f r o m t h e d ate
t h at o rd er i s m ad e. T he o rd er o f t h e C ou rt u n der t h is s e ctio n m ay b e a p peale d t o
t h e A ppeal C ou rt o r R eg io n al A ppeal C ou rt. T he o rd er o f t h e A ppeal C ou rt o r
R eg io n al A ppeal C ou rt s h all b e f in al a n d c o n clu siv e .

S e ctio n 2 6. T he s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r, t h e p ers o n h av in g c h arg e a n d
co n tr o l t o d is p ers e t h e p ubli c a sse m bly a n d h is e n tr u ste d p ers o n o r a n y p ers o n
w ho a cts i n c o m pli a n ce w it h t h e o rd er o f s u ch p ers o n s s h all b e t h e o ffic ia l u n der
th e P en al C od e a n d s h all a ls o b e t h e a d m in is tr a tiv e o ffic e r o r p oli c e u n der t h e
C rim in al P ro ce d ure C od e.

C h ap te r 5
P en alt ie s

S e ctio n 2 7. W hoev e r v io la te s s e ctio n 7 o r s e ctio n 8 s h all b e l i a b le t o
im pris o n m en t f o r a t e rm o f n ot e xce ed in g s ix m on th s o r t o a f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g
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te n t h ou sa n d B ah t o r t o b oth .

S e ctio n 2 8. W hoev e r v io la te s s e ctio n 1 0, s e ctio n 1 2, s e ctio n 1 7 o r
se ctio n 1 8 s h all b e l i a b le t o a f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g t e n t h ou sa n d B aht .

S e ctio n 2 9. W hoev e r v io la te s t h e p ubli c a sse m bly p ro h ib it io n o rd er
o r c a u se s t o h av e p ubli c a sse m bly d urin g t h e p erio d t h e p ubli c a sse m bly
p ro h ib it io n o rd er i s v a li d u n der s e ctio n 1 1 s h all b e l i a b le t o i m pris o n m en t f o r a
t e rm o f n ot e xce ed in g s ix m on th s o r t o a f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g t e n t h ou sa n d B ah t o r
to b oth .

S e ctio n 3 0. A p ro m ote r w ho f a ils t o c o m ply w it h s e ctio n 1 5 ( 1 ), ( 2 ) o r
(3 ) o r a p artic ip an t w ho f a ils t o c o m ply w it h s e ctio n 1 6 ( 1 ) o r ( 2 ) s h all b e l i a b le t o a
f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g t e n t h ou sa n d B aht .

S e ctio n 3 1. A p ro m ote r w ho f a ils t o c o m ply w it h s e ctio n 1 5 ( 4 ), ( 5 ),
( 6 ) o r ( 7 ) o r a p artic ip an t w ho f a ils t o c o m ply w it h s e ctio n 1 6 ( 3 ), ( 4 ), ( 5 ), ( 6 ), ( 7 )
or ( 8 ) s h all b e l i a b le t o i m pris o n m en t f o r a t e rm o f n ot e xce ed in g s ix m on th s o r t o a
f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g t e n t h ou sa n d B aht o r t o b oth .
I f t h e c o m mis sio n o f a n o ffe n se u n der p ara g ra p h o n e c a us es
u n usa b le n ess, t e m pora rily o r p erm an en tly , o f p ubli c t r a n sp orta tio n s y ste m ,
co m mun ic a tio n o r t e le co m mun ic a tio n s y ste m , g en era tio n , p ro d uctio n o r
tr a n sm is sio n s y ste m o f e le ctr ic it y o r i r r ig a tio n , o r a n y o th er p ubli c u tili t y s y ste m ,
th e p ro m ote r s h all b e l i a b le t o i m pris o n m en t f o r a t e rm o f n ot e xce ed in g t e n y e ars
o r t o a f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g t w o h un dre d t h ou sa n d B aht o r t o b oth .

S e ctio n 3 2. W hoev e r f a ils t o c o m ply w it h t h e o rd er o r n otif ic a tio n o f
th e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r u n der s e ctio n 1 9 ( 5 ) o r s e ctio n 2 3 a n d h e i s a p ro m ote r o r
p artic ip an t, h e s h all b e l i a b le t o i m pris o n m en t f o r a t e rm o f n ot e xce ed in g o n e y e ar
o r t o a f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g t w en ty t h ou sa n d B aht o r t o b oth ; b u t i f h e i s n ot t h at
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so rt o f p ers o n b u t s ta y in g i n t h e p ubli c a sse m bly a re a, h e s h all b e l i a b le t o a f in e o f
n ot e xce ed in g t e n t h ou sa n d B ah t.
T he C ou rt m ay, u p on a p pro p ria te g ro u n d, i m pose a p en alt y o n t h e
offe n der l e ss t h an t h e p en alt y a s p re sc rib ed a b ove o r l i f t u p p en alt y t h ere to .

S e ctio n 3 3. W hoev e r f a ils t o c o m ply w it h t h e o rd er o f t h e p ers o n
h av in g c h arg e a n d c o n tr o l o f t h e d is p ers io n o f p ubli c a sse m bly u n der s e ctio n 2 3 o r
se ctio n 2 5 s h all b e l i a b le t o i m pris o n m en t f o r a t e rm o f n ot e xce ed in g t h re e y e ars o r
to a f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g s ix ty t h ou sa n d B aht o r t o b oth .
T he C ou rt m ay, u p on a p pro p ria te g ro u n d, i m pose a p en alt y o n t h e
offe n der l e ss t h an t h e p en alt y a s p re sc rib ed a b ove o r l i f t u p p en alt y t h ere to .

S e ctio n 3 4. A p ers o n w ho i s n ot e n tr u ste d b y t h e s u rv e illa n t o ffic e r o r
th e p ers o n h av in g c h arg e a n d c o n tr o l o f t h e d is p ers io n o f p ubli c a sse m bly o r h is
e n tr u ste d p ers o n t o p erfo rm t h e d utie s u n der t h is A ct t a k es a n y w eap on i n to t h e
p ubli c a sse m bly p la ce , r e ga rd le ss o f h is l i c e n se t o c a rr y o u t t h at w eap on , s h all b e
li a b le t o i m pris o n m en t f o r a t e rm o f n ot e xce ed in g t h re e y e ars o r t o a f in e o f n ot
exce ed in g s ix ty t h ou sa n d B ah t o r t o b oth .
I f t h e w eap on u n der p ara g ra p h o n e i s a g un , e x p lo siv e o r a li k e, t h e
offe n der s h all b e l i a b le t o i m pris o n m en t f o r a t e rm o f n ot e xce ed in g f iv e y e ars o r t o
a f in e o f n ot e xce ed in g o n e h un dre d t h ou sa n d B aht o r t o b oth .

S e ctio n 3 5. A ll p ro p ertie s u se d o r t o b e u se d i n p ub li c a sse m bly
w hic h i s s e iz e d f r o m a n i lle ga l p ubli c a sse m bly o r a p ubli c a sse m bly i n v io la tio n o f
ad jo u rn in g o rd er o f t h e C ou rt s h all b e c o n fis c a te d b y t h e C ou rt i r re sp ectiv e o f
w heth er t h ere i s a c o n vic t u n der t h e j u d gm en t o f t h e C ou rt.

C ou n te rs ig n ed b y:
G en era l P ra y u t C han -o -c h a
P rim e M in is te r
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(2 015)
[3 ] U nder T hai l e ga l s y ste m , t h e d ecis io n o f t h e s u p erin te n den t i n t h is c a se s h all n ot b e
ap peale d fu rth er w it h in t h e A dm in is tr a tiv e . T he a p pella n t w ho d oes n ot s a tis fy w it h
s u ch a p pea l d ecis io n h ow ev e r s till h av e t h e r ig h t t o b rin g t h e c a se a ga in st s u ch a p peal
d ecis io n t o t h e c o u rt.
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