Eurasian Program

Since 1997, the ICNL Alliance has worked to foster an enabling legal and fiscal environment for civil society throughout Eurasia.

Country-specific activities are tailored to meet the needs of civil society in every country we work in: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. Our activities include providing technical assistance to civil society and government representatives, increasing the capacity of local partners, and bolstering the legal literacy of civil society organizations. We also support cross-border activities that give local civil society representatives and lawyers the opportunity to exchange perspectives with colleagues from other countries.

Be sure to browse our Key Resources and Country Resources.

Highlights

A sunset over Tbilisi, Georgia. (Photo: Vladimer Shioshvili/CC)
Legal Environment for Financial Sustainability in Georgia

Civil society organizations must understand the legislation affecting their income in order to advocate for access to resources and ensure financial sustainability. To help organizations build this understanding in Georgia, the USAID Civil Society Engagement Program (CSEP), implemented by the East-West Management Institute, Inc., ICNL, and ECNL, assessed the legal environment for civil society financial sustainability and corporate and individual philanthropy. The key areas addressed in the assessment include regulations related to donations and income, philanthropy, fundraising methods, and more. The report also identifies several challenges organizations face and provides recommendations for addressing them. Download the report here (available in Russian and English).

Tbilisi cityscapes with a cable car. (Photo: Katarzyna Javaheri-Szpak/WikiMedia)
Guidelines for Activists Relocating to Georgia

These guidelines, put together by the Civil Society Institute (CSI) with the support of ICNL, are designed to help activists from Belarus and other Eurasian countries who relocate to Georgia ensure compliance with Georgian law. They cover a broad range of legal issues, from obtaining legalization in Georgia to work permits, rules for working as an individual or as a nonprofit, taxation, rules for receiving foreign grants, procedures for opening bank accounts, required reports to the government, and licensing for specific activities, and more. Download the report here (Russian and English available).

Ala-Bel Pass in Kyrgyzstan. It runs along the road connecting Bishkek and Osh in the Talas Ala Too Mountain Range. (Photo: Ninara/CC)
Analysis of the Kyrgyz Republic Draft Law on Non-Governmental Organizations

On November 2, 2022, the Presidential Administration of the Kyrgyz Republic published the Non-commercial Non-Governmental Organizations draft law. The draft law would grant broad rights to government bodies, allowing them to use their discretion to decide whether to register civil society organizations, supervise any organizational activities, and suspend their activities or liquidate them. This analysis assesses the draft law, examines its compliance with the Kyrgyz Republic’s international obligations, international best practices, and analyzes the possible consequences of its adoption. Download the report here (available in English and Russian).

Key Resources

Guidelines for Activists Relocating to Georgia

These guidelines, put together by the Civil Society Institute (CSI) with the support of ICNL, are designed to help activists relocating to Georgia ensure they are compliant with Georgian law.

Legal Environment for Financial Sustainability in Georgia

This assessment, which was produced within the USAID Civil Society Engagement Program, examines the legal environment for civil society organizations’ sustainability and corporate and individual philanthropy in Georgia.

Analysis of the Kyrgyz Republic Draft Law on Non-Governmental Organizations

This analysis examines the draft law’s compliance with the Kyrgyz Republic’s international obligations, international best practices, and explores the possible consequences of its adoption.

Civic Engagement and Lawmaking in the Kyrgyz Republic

These guidelines are an information resource for civil society organizations and citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic who want to participate in the legislative reforms and help the government adopt better laws and regulations.

Good Governance and Civic Space

This sourcebook is for civil society representatives that seek to better inform citizens about the practical value of human rights and their impact on the quality of people’s lives.

Legal Regulation of Civil Society Organizations in Central Asia

This report details the regulation of civil society organizations in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, with comparisons of legislation across the region.

The Right of Association in Central Asian Countries

This report provides a detailed overview of the legal framework for association in Central Asia, focusing on Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

Legal Basis for the Financial Sustainability of CSOs in Central Asia

This overview examines the legal and regulatory environment of various sources of income for non-commercial organizations in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

Civil Society Sustainability in Eurasia

The CSO Sustainability Index informs and impacts the role of civil society organizations in six global regions, including Eurasia. ICNL and FHI 360, along with local partners produce the index annually.

Explore our full global resource collection, which includes reports, legal analyses, and curated collections of materials on an array of issues shaping civic space around the world.

Country Resources

ICNL has an array of country-specific resources in both English and Russian: