Eurasian Program

Since 1997, the ICNL Alliance has worked to foster an enabling legal and fiscal environment for civil society throughout Eurasia.

Country-specific activities are tailored to meet the needs of civil society in every country we work in: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. Our activities include providing technical assistance to civil society and government representatives, increasing the capacity of local partners, and bolstering the legal literacy of civil society organizations. We also support cross-border activities that give local civil society representatives and lawyers the opportunity to exchange perspectives with colleagues from other countries.

Be sure to browse our Key Resources and Country Resources.

Highlights

People in a meeting - right to association
The Right of Association in Central Asian Countries

This report provides a detailed overview of the legal framework for association in Central Asia, focusing on Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. It examines how freedom of association is exercised, the legal status of non-commercial organizations (NCOs), structure and internal governance, NCO activities, financial sustainability, state monitoring, and transparency in each country. The report is available in English and Russian.

Assorted coins (photo credit: Steve Johnson/Unsplash)
Online Fundraising in Eurasia

Electronic fundraising campaigns, such as crowdfunding and text-to-give, are increasingly popular in Eurasia. These country reports on Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan are the first in a series analyzing electronic fundraising laws in the region. Each report examines the relevant legal framework as written legislation and as implemented in practice. The reports include recommendations on effectively using new and existing fundraising tools in compliance with legislation.

Download the reports hereAzerbaijan (English) | Belarus (English, Russian) | Kazakhstan (English, Russian) | Kyrgyzstan (English, Russian)

Key Resources

The Right of Association in Central Asian Countries

This report provides a detailed overview of the legal framework for association in Central Asia, focusing on Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

Legal Basis for the Financial Sustainability of CSOs in Central Asia

This overview examines the legal and regulatory environment of various sources of income for non-commercial organizations in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

Civil Society Sustainability in Eurasia

The CSO Sustainability Index informs and impacts the role of civil society organizations in six global regions, including Eurasia. ICNL and FHI 360, along with local partners produce the index annually.

Legal Regulation of CSOs in Central Asia

This report details the regulation of civil society organizations in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, with comparisons of legislation across the region.

Explore our full global resource collection, which includes reports, legal analyses, and curated collections of materials on an array of issues shaping civic space around the world.

Country Resources

ICNL has an array of country-specific resources in both English and Russian: