US Protest Law Tracker

The US Protest Law Tracker, part of ICNL’s US Program, follows initiatives at the state and federal level since November 2016 that restrict the right to peaceful assembly. For information about our methodology, click here.

45 states have
220 bills
28 enacted 70 pending

No initiatives
Pending, defeated or expired initiatives
Enacted initiatives

Legislation and executive orders

Latest updates: Apr. 16, 2021 (Montana), Apr. 15, 2021 (Arkansas, Florida, Oklahoma), Apr. 11, 2021 (Kansas, Wisconsin)
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SB 296: Broad new definition of "riot"

Would newly define “riot” under Wisconsin law such that peaceful protesters could face steep penalties. Currently, Wisconsin law broadly defines an “unlawful assembly” as a group of three or more people who cause a “disturbance of public order” and make it “reasonable to believe” the group will damage property or people; the definition specifically includes a group of three or more who assemble to block a street or building entrance. Under the bill, an “unlawful assembly” in which at least one person commits an “act of violence” that creates a “clear and present danger” of property damage or injury; or threatens to commit such an act and has the ability to do so; or commits an “act of violence” that “substantially obstructs” some governmental function, is a “riot.” As such, a large street protest where a single participant threatens to push somebody could be deemed a “riot,” with no actual violence or property damage being committed by anyone. Under the bill, anyone who attends a “riot” or refuses an order to disperse a “riot” commits a Class A misdemeanor, punishable by a mandatory 30 days and up to 9 months in jail and a $10,000 fine. If the “riot” results in “substantial” property damage or injury, anyone who attends commits a Class I felony, publishable by up to 3 and a half years in prison. The bill also creates a new Class A misdemeanor for any person who “incites or urges” three or more people to engage in a “riot;” the bill does not define “incite” or “urge.” Finally, if a person “obstructs” “any public or private thoroughfare,” or any entrance to a public building while participating in a “riot,” it is an additional Class A misdemeanor. (See full text of bill here)

Status: pending

Introduced 8 Apr 2021.

Issue(s): riot, traffic interference

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