Update: On May 12, 2016, the Kyrgyz Parliament voted on the draft law formerly known as the "Foreign Agents Law (FA Law)." 46 MPs voted in favor of the draft FA Law, and 65 MPs voted against it. Thus, the draft FA Law was rejected and, according to the Procedures of Parliament, it can be reintroduced in Parliament only after 6 months. Civil society hopes, however, that this will signal the end of the draft FA Law. For more information, please see the Pending Legislative Initiatives section below in this report.
The civil society sector in the Kyrgyz Republic is one of the strongest in Central Asia. CSO representatives are engaged with the government at the national and local levels through numerous consultative public councils at the state ministries and agencies. There are currently over 14,880 CSOs registered in the country (only around 4,700 of them are operational) working in a wide range of areas, including human rights, support to vulnerable groups, culture and art, health, protection of the environment, youth and sport, education and advocacy.
CSOs are registered as Noncommercial Organizations (NCOs) under a civil law structure that has its roots in the Soviet system, though many laws have been modernized since the late 1990s. The most popular legal forms are public associations, foundations, institutions, associations of legal entities and community-based organizations. Although the basic concept of freedom of association is respected, and registration of CSOs is quick and easy, the sustainability of the sector remains a deep concern because foreign funding is diminishing and the lack of local financial sources. Currently the majority of Kyrgyz CSOs rely entirely on funding from foreign sources, and still there are several efforts to place restrictions on foreign assistance.
In 2013, there were also efforts to limit civil society space, including the introduction of the draft Law on Money Laundering, which would provide for new reporting requirements for CSOs; the draft Law on Unregistered CSOs, which would prohibit unregistered CSOs; and the draft Law on Treason, which would allow for the designation of any person working with a foreigner as a traitor. However, these initiatives were rejected due to the advocacy efforts of CSOs. In 2014, a group of parliamentarians proposed the draft Law on Foreign Agents, which is similar to the so-called Russian “Foreign Agents” Law. This draft law was adopted in first reading by Parliament and is still pending in the second and third readings. Even before the draft Law on Foreign Agents was officially submitted to the Parliament, it was obvious that some politicians do not trust CSOs, are suspicious of foreign funding, and are ready to restrict foreign funding. Recent years have seen numerous media assaults on CSOs as well as public campaigns by activists calling for the adoption of discriminative draft laws that limit the activities of foreign-funded CSOs, especially those that work in the area of democratization.
Despite these negative trends, in May 2014, a new Law on Public Councils of the State Bodies was signed by the President. It guarantees the establishment of citizen advisory bodies in all government agencies and greatly improves the mechanisms for their operation and the selection of their members. This was a positive development for civil society. In September 2014, the Selection Commission responsible for forming new public councils was elected according to the new Law on Public Councils of the State Bodies. As of September 2015, the Selection Commission has formed 29 out of 36 public councils.
One of the lingering problems for CSOs is that even though a Law on Social Services Contracting was adopted in 2008, the volume of financing has been extremely low due to the country’s economic hardships and deficiencies in implementation. Currently, the social services contracting system is being reformed and the volume of financing and the number of state bodies implementing social services contracting is also increasing. Philanthropy, another important source of funding for CSOs, is almost non-existent in the Kyrgyz Republic due to economic conditions and poor implementation of tax legislation, which does provide some incentives to encourage donations. CSOs have the right to carry out economic activities (selling goods and services), but the resulting income is taxable unless the CSO qualifies as a charitable organization, which is a status almost impossible to maintain because of operational restrictions.
With improved funding mechanisms and more enabling laws to regulate civil society, Kyrgyzstan could become a model not only for the Central Asian region, but also for other developing countries around the world.
|Organizational Forms||Non-Governmental Organizations||Social Organizations|
|Registration Body||Ministry of Justice||Community-based Organizations|
|Approximate Number||14,880 (about 4,700 operational)||There is no statistical data|
|Barriers to Entry||No legal barriers||Ten founding members required.
|Barriers to Activities||A charitable organization is forbidden to conduct economic activities unless the activities “correspond” to its statutory goals||No legal barriers.|
|Barriers to Speech and/or Advocacy||No legal barriers||No legal barriers; law is silent on political activities|
|Barriers to International Contact||No legal barriers||No legal barriers|
|Barriers to Resources||No legal barriers||No legal barriers|
|Barriers to Assembly||Prohibitions on blocking roads or traffic and on assemblies near certain public institutions.||Prohibitions on blocking roads or traffic and on assemblies near certain public institutions.|
|Population||5, 664, 939 (July 2015 est.)|
|Type of Government||Republic|
|Life Expectancy at Birth||Male: 66, 19 years Female: 74, 8 (2015 est.)|
|Religious Groups||Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%|
|Ethnic Groups||Kyrgyz 70,9%, Uzbek 14,3%, Russian 7,7%, Dungan 1.1%, other 5.7% (includes Uyghur, Tajik, Turk, Kazakh, Tatar, Ukrainian, Korean, German) (2009 est.)|
|GDP per capita||$3,400 (2014 est.)|
Source: The World Factbook. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2015.
|Ranking Body||Rank||Ranking Scale
(best – worst possible)
|UN Human Development Index||120 (2015)||1 – 182|
|World Bank Rule of Law Index||15.9 (2014)||100 – 0|
|World Bank Voice & Accountability Index||31 (2014)||100 – 0|
|Transparency International||136 (2014)||1 – 180|
|Freedom House: Freedom in the World||Status: Partly free
Freedom Rating: 5
Political Rights: 5
Civil Liberties: 5 (2016)
|Free/Partly Free/Not Free
1 – 7
1 – 7
|Foreign Policy: Fragile States Index||62 (2015)||177 – 1|
International and Regional Human Rights Agreements
|Key International Agreements||Ratification*||Year|
|International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)||Yes||1994|
|Optional Protocol to ICCPR (ICCPR-OP1)||Yes||1994|
|International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)||Yes||1994|
|Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention (ILO)||Yes||1992|
|International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)||Yes||1997|
|Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)||Yes||1997|
|Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women||Yes||2002|
|Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)||Yes||1994|
|International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families (ICRMW)||Yes||2003|
|International Covenant on Refugee Status||Yes||1996|
|Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)||No|
|European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms||No|
|Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the
* Category includes ratification, accession, or succession to the treaty
A new Constitution of Kyrgyz Republic was adopted by referendum on June 27, 2010.
Relevant provisions include (unofficial translation):
- Article 4, para 2. Political parties, trade unions and other public associations can be created by individuals based on free will and common interests for enjoyment and protection of one’s own rights and liberties, meeting political, economic, social, labor, cultural and other interests.
- Article 6. para 1. The Constitution possesses supreme legal power and its norms have direct application in the Kyrgyz Republic. para 2. Constitutional laws, laws and other normative and legal acts are adopted in compliance with the Constitution. para 3. International treaties recognized by the Kyrgyz Republic, as well as generally recognized principles and norms of international law are an integral part of the legal system of the Kyrgyz Republic. Norms of international treaties on human rights have a direct effect and priority over norms of other international treaties. para 4. Official publication of laws and other normative legal acts is mandatory to become effective.
- Article 20, para. 1. Laws revoking or derogating human and citizen’s rights and liberties shall not be adopted in the Kyrgyz Republic. para. 2. The rights and freedoms of the person and the citizen can be limited by the Constitution and laws for the purposes of ensuring national security, public order, protection of health and morality of the population, and protection of the rights and freedoms of other persons. Imposed restrictions shall be proportionate to indicated purposes.
- Article 34. para. 1 Every person has a right to freedom of peaceful assemblies. No one may be forced to participate in these activities. para. 2 Everyone has the right to submit a notification form to the state bodies on plans to conduct peaceful assembly. Nobody can prohibit or restrict peaceful assembly. The state bodies may not refuse to provide technical support (fire, police, and emergency services) to organizers of peaceful assembly even if the organizers fail to notify the state bodies or the content, form or term for submission of notification form is not correct. para. 3 Organizers of and participants at peaceful assembly are not responsible for not notifying the state bodies, or for non-compliance with form of notification, content and time of submission.
- Article 35. Every person has a right to freedom of association.
National Laws and Regulations Affecting Sector
Relevant national-level laws and regulations affecting civil society include:
- The Constitution of Kyrgyzstan (June 27, 2010);
- The Civil Code of Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Part 1 (May 8, 1996, with latest amendments on July 24, 2015);
- The Civil Code of Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Part 2 (January 5, 1998, with latest amendments on July 24, 2015);
- The Tax Code of Kyrgyzstan (October 17, 2008, with latest amendments on August 3, 2015);
- The Labor Code of Kyrgyzstan (2004, with latest amendments on July 20, 2015);
- The Law of Kyrgyz Republic “On Noncommercial Organizations” (October 15, 1999, with latest amendments on May 30, 2014);
- The Law of Kyrgyz Republic “On Partnership of Owners of Residential and Non-Residential Premises of Apartment Buildings” (July 9, 2013);
- The Law “On Registration of Legal Entities, Branches” (Representative Offices) (February 20, 2009, with latest amendments on May 22, 2015);
- The Law “On Political Parties” (June 12, 1999);
- The Law “On Freedom of Religion and Religious Organizations” (December 31, 2008, with latest amendments on December 7, 2012);
- The Law “On Trade Unions” (October 16, 1998, with latest amendments on August 4, 2004);
- The Law “On Associations (Union) of Water Users and Unions of Associations of Water Users” (March 15, 2002, with latest amendments on March 30, 2013);
- The Law “On Association of Employers” (May 22, 2004);
- The Law “On Jamaats (Communities) and Their Associations” (February 21, 2005, with latest amendments on July 18, 2014);
- The Law “On Cooperatives” (June 11, 2004, with latest amendments on July 9, 2013);
- The Law “On Credit Unions” (October 28, 1999, with latest amendments on April 26, 2013);
- The Law “On Local Self-Governance” (May 15, 2011, with latest amendments on April 17, 2015);
- The Law “On Social Services Contracting” (July 21, 2008);
- The Law “On Philanthropy and Charitable Activity” (November 6, 1999).
- The Law of Kyrgyz Republic “On Peaceful Assemblies” (May 23, 2012);
- Regulation on Public Supervisory Council under State Body (March 5, 2011).
Pending NGO Legislative / Regulatory Initiatives
1. In March 2013, the draft Law on Charitable Organizations and Charitable Activities and several related amendments to the Civil Code, Law on Noncommercial Organizations, and Tax Code were developed. When the new Parliament comes into office in November 2015, the draft law will be submitted to the deputies for initiation. The goal of this modernized legislation will be to create incentives to encourage charitable activity and philanthropy by local CSOs, corporations and individuals as well as an appropriate regulatory environment. Many CSOs operating today would qualify as Public Benefit Organizations (PBOs) under European law, but they cannot enjoy such status in Kyrgyzstan because of existing gaps in legislation.
2.The draft Law on State Procurement of Social Services was drafted by the working group (CSO/Gov/ICNL) at the Ministry of Social Development. It is in pending in the Parliament. The draft law would improve procedures for government financial support to CSOs providing social services to the population.
3. On May 12, 2016, the Kyrgyz Parliament voted on the draft law formerly known as the "Foreign Agents Law (FA Law)." 46 MPs voted in favor of the draft FA Law, and 65 MPs voted against it. Thus, the draft FA Law was rejected and, according to the Procedures of Parliament, it can only be reintroduced in Parliament after 6 months. The draft FA Law could therefore be revived in December 2016, although civil society hopes this will signal end of the draft FA Law. A history of the draft FA Law is described below.
The draft FA Law was registered at Parliament and initiated in May 2014 by a group of parliamentarians. The initiative was largely been copied from Russia's initiative of the same name. The draft FA Law, which targets foreign-funded non-commercial organizations (NCOs), was titled “Law on Introducing Amendments and Changes to Some Legislative Acts of the Kyrgyz Republic” (hereinafter “draft Foreign Agents Law”), and it proposed revisions to the Law on Non-commercial Organizations, the Law on State Registration of Legal Entities, and the Criminal Code. Kyrgyz civil society was concerned that if draft FA Law would be adopted, it would introduce a wide range of legal barriers impeding the operations of NCOs and their ability to access funding from foreign and international sources. ICNL’s Analysis of the draft FA Law from that time can be found here (Russian) and here (English).
On April 12, 2016, the Parliamentary Committee on Constitutional Legislation (Committee) considered the draft FA Law and issued a resolution to recommend it for Parliamentary consideration. That version of the draft FA Law was much less restrictive compared to the original version of the draft FA Law. For example, the notion of a "foreign agent" was entirely dropped. In addition, there were no special requirements or restrictions for NGOs that receive foreign funding or engage in "political activities." The key concern with the present version of the draft FA Law, however, was that it imposed new reporting requirements on all NGOs, including that on a state-managed website all NGOs were required to post an "annual report" of their economic activities and financial sources of establishment, information on the personal composition of their management bodies and the number of staff in the NGO, and information on the use of property and financial resources by the NGO. It is not clear what information would be mandatory for posting or the consequences, if any, for failure to provide this information.
The second reading of the draft FA Law by the Parliament took place on April 14, 2016. Despite that most of restrictive provisions were eliminated from the draft FA Law, NGOs decided to oppose its adoption and to write an appeal against its adoption, which was addressed to the Kyrgyz President and Parliament and published in mass media. There was also concern that during the Parliamentary readings the restrictive provisions of the original draft of the FA Law would be re-installed. Therefore, NGOs were monitoring the situation very closely. At the second reading, there was a very short discussion. There were no proposals to re-install the original version of the draft FA Law, one deputy proposed to reject the draft FA Law in entirety, and some deputies supported the new version of the draft FA Law. In the end, 73 deputies voted for favor of adoption and 25 against adoption.
The third reading and final consideration of the draft FA Law took place on May 12, 2016. As noted above, the draft FA Law did not pass.
4. On December 22, 2015, the draft Law of the Kyrgyz Republic on Making Changes to Some Legislative Acts of the Kyrgyz Republic (to the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic on Peaceful Assemblies, the Code of the Kyrgyz Republic on Administrative Liability) (hereinafter - the draft law), developed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic (hereinafter - MIA), was registered in Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The following provisions of the draft law raised concerns:
- the prohibition on funding of peaceful assemblies using foreign funding sources;
- the introduction of a requirement to notify the state body about the sources of funding of all peaceful assemblies being conducted; and
- the establishment of administrative penalties for legitimate activities (for holding a peaceful assembly with participants’ faces covered by masks, headbands, or other items).
The MIA, as the initiator and drafter of the draft law, justified the proposed restrictions by citing national security considerations. In particular, in the justification letter to the draft law the MIA referenced that “the situation when various meetings are financed at the expense of other countries is not improbable” and this “may lead to destabilization…, may be a threat to national security, disturb the public peace, and have a negative effect on the health and morals of population, and on the rights and freedoms of others.”
The Kyrgyz Republic recognizes at least 16 distinct organizational forms for noncommercial organizations, including public associations, foundations, institutions, non-profit cooperatives, and community based organizations. The Civil Code and the Law on Noncommercial Organizations (NCO Law) establish the primary NCO legal framework. Article 2 of the NCO Law defines an NCO as “a voluntary, self-sustained organization created by individuals and (or) legal entities on the basis of community of interests for implementing spiritual and other non-material needs in the interests of its members and (or) the whole society, where the deriving a profit is not a major objective, and the obtained profit is not distributed among members, founders and employees.”
The five most common types of NCOs which can be recognized as CSOs are the following:
(1) A Public Association is a voluntary association of individuals, united by their common interest in meeting spiritual or other non-material needs. A public association is a membership organization, and its highest governing body is the general meeting of members, which in turn creates the executive body (governing board, directorate, etc.) of the organization. The potential area of activity of a public association is very broad: it may include such things as environmental protection, social support of the disabled, education, addressing national issues (for example, through community organizations), culture and art, etc.
(2) A Foundation is a non-membership organization, established by individuals and/or legal entities that make voluntary contributions to the organization, which pursues social, charitable, cultural, educational or other public benefit goals. A foundation may also be created by a last will and testament. A foundation’s characteristics contrast with those of a public association in that a foundation has no membership and the basis for its creation is the voluntary donation of property transferred by its founders for the pursuit of certain goals.
(3) An Institution is an organization created by an owner for carrying out managerial, social and cultural, educational or other functions of a noncommercial character and financed fully or partially by its owner. An institution may be the most appropriate organizational and legal form for NCOs such as hospitals, clinics, kindergartens, schools, universities, and museums.
(4) An Association or Union of Legal Entities is an organization created in order to coordinate the activities of its member organizations, as well as to represent and protect their common interests.
(5) A Community Based Organization is a local community-level organization, representing a voluntary association of members of a local community, residing on the territory of one street, block or other territorial formation of the village or city, for joint resolution of problems of local importance.
Public Benefit Status
According to the Tax Code, a “charitable organization” is a “noncommercial organization (а) created and carrying out charitable activity in compliance with the legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic on noncommercial organizations and charitable activity; (b) not participating in the activity on production and/or sale of excise goods and gambling business; (c) not participating in the support of political parties or election campaigns.”
Although the tax benefits to charitable organizations and their donors are significant, еthere are no organizations in the Kyrgyz Republic that qualify for them. One reason for this can be found in Article 9 of the Charity Law, which requires that a charitable organization spend 98% of its income for charitable purposes and not more than 2% of its income for general overhead expenses. Most organizations find this provision to be unworkable and therefore do not attempt to qualify as charitable organizations even if they are otherwise eligible. Another difficulty lies in Article 7 of the Charity Law, which permits a charitable organization to carry out economic activity only to the extent the activity is directed for achievement of the goals for which it was created and corresponds to these goals. The meaning of this provision is untested in the law and the resulting uncertainty as to its scope inhibits charitable organizations from conducting any economic activity at all. By way of contrast, Article 12 of the Law on Noncommercial Organizations permits NCOs to carry out any economic activity so long as it does not contradict the goals and tasks of the organization.
Barriers to Entry
There are no legal barriers to entry. In contrast to the laws of many other countries in the region, NCOs can exist as unregistered organizations. Without legal entity status, however, such organizations will not be able to engage in certain activities in their own name, such as opening a bank account, ordering a seal, and filing a lawsuit. Registration is quick and easy under the “single window” system and generally takes 10 days.
There is no restriction on who can serve as a founder. Founders of an NCO may include any legal entity, foreigner or citizen, or other individuals. Three founders are required to register a public association. There is no minimum amount of assets required to register an NCO.
The procedure for registration consists of 3 steps: (1) drafting incorporation documents and formation of governing bodies; (2) registration under the “single window” system at the Ministry of Justice, which notifies tax authorities, statistical bodies and other government agencies of the registration and obtains the necessary registration numbers for the applicant; (3) opening a bank account and ordering a stamp (which are optional but necessary if the organization intends to conduct significant activities in its own name). After the application for registration is submitted, the Ministry checks the incorporation documents for compliance with the requirements of the Civil Code, the Law on Registration of Legal Entities, Branch (Representative) Offices and other laws regulating NCOs. After 10 days, if the application is not rejected, the Ministry issues a Certificate of State Registration, and the NCO is officially registered in Ministry of Justice, Tax Service and Social Fund.
Generally, the Law on Registration of Legal Entities, Branch (Representative) Offices requires the following documents to be submitted with the application: (1) charter; (2) minutes of meeting of founders; (3) the list of members of governing bodies; and (4) the list of founders. The registration fee is approximately 235 KGS (less than $4). The Ministry can deny registration if the information provided is incorrect or contradicts applicable law, but the applicant has the right to appeal a denial to the Ministry or a court.
Community-based organizations must seek registration with the Local Self-Governmental Bodies and consist of no fewer than 10 founding members (Articles 5(3) and 6(1) of the Law on Jamaats (Communities) and Their Associations).
Barriers to Operational Activity
There are some legal barriers to the operational activity. An NCO may conduct any activity not forbidden in its charter, except that charitable organizations and public associations are forbidden to conduct economic activities unless the activity corresponds to its statutory goals. The government has no right to interfere with the internal self-governance of an NCO, and the law does not require advance approval for project activity. Reporting requirements for NCOs are generally the same as for other legal entities (some additional rules requiring public disclosure are applicable to charitable organizations), and NCOs have the same rights and obligations as other legal entities with respect to inspections and audits conducted by government agencies. NCOs are subject to dissolution in case of conducting an activity that violates the law (such as engaging in activity without a license where a license is required).
Barriers to Speech / Advocacy
No legal barriers.
Barriers to International Contact
No legal barriers.
Barriers to Resources
A law on social services contracting was enacted in 2008, which establishes a competitive tender mechanism for government financing (outsourcing) of social services provided by NCOs. Up to 2013, however, only the Ministry of Social Development had used this mechanism, even though it was available to other government agencies. In 2013, the Ministry of Migration, Labor, and Youth began using this mechanism. The volume of state financing is low due to the country’s economic hardships and deficiencies in implementation. Also Kyrgyz legislation does not provide conditions for economic (as well as entrepreneurial) activities of NCOs. Almost all NCOs in the country depend on foreign grants.
Barriers to Assembly
There is a ban on conducting gatherings and peaceful assemblies closer than 100 meters from elementary and high schools, hospitals and properties of the penal system. In February 2013, Parliament introduced amendment into the Code on Administrative Responsibility and imposed penalties on participants who block roads or traffic as well as during the exercise of right to assemble.
|UN Universal Periodic Review (UPR)|
|Reports of UN Special Rapporteurs|
|U.S. State Department|
|Fragile States Index Report|
|ACT Alliance||How to Protect and Expand an Enabling Environment in Kyrgyzstan 2013|
|Human Rights Watch|
|International Federation for Human Rights|| Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
Annual Report 2009 - Kyrgyzstan
|IMF Country Reports||Kyrgyz Republic and the IMF|
|International Center for Not-for-Profit Law Library||Kyrgyzstan|
While we aim to maintain information that is as current as possible, we realize that situations can rapidly change. If you are aware of any additional information or inaccuracies on this page, please keep us informed; write to ICNL at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Almazbek Atambayev, on July 25, 2015, called parliamentary elections for October 4, 2015. On September 3, Parliament decided not to hold any further Parliamentary sessions until the end of election campaign (October 4) because Parliament was unable to obtain a quorum in their sessions due to the start-up of election campaigns for new composition of Parliament. 92 current members of Parliament (from the total 120) will participate in the Parliamentary election campaign, which started on September 4. This will result in the next parliamentary sessions bring held by the newly elected members of Parliament. Consequently, the draft Law on Foreign Agents will likely be considered by the new Parliament in November-December 2015.
Termination of Bilateral Agreement with USA (August 2015) (Russian)
On July 27, 2015, the President of Kyrgyzstan supported the termination of a bilateral agreement with the USA and stated that there are "foreign agents... amongst CSOs in Kyrgyzstan" that "shake" the political stability in the country.
Kyrgyzstan's UPR: A Missed Opportunity (January 2015)
The review of Kyrgyzstan’s human rights record by the United Nations, which took place in the framework of the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR), largely failed to address key issues, challenges and patterns of human rights violations in the country. Given the international community’s lack of attention to the situation in the country in other fora, the UPR of Kyrgyzstan is a missed opportunity.
Concerns over Draft Law (August 2013)
The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a joint programme of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), expresses concern regarding the draft law on Introducing Changes and Amendments into some Legislative Acts of the Kyrgyz Republic, and in particular regarding a provision in Part 2 of Article 3 of the draft law, which would result in the incorporation of an Article 395-2 to the Code on Administrative Liability.
Open Letter to the authorities (May 2013)
We are writing to you to express our concern regarding Article 12 of the draft Law of the Kyrgyz Republic on "Fighting against the Legalization (Laundering) of Criminal Proceeds and the Financing of Terrorist or Extremist Activities". In April 2013, a restrictive Article 12, titled “Preventive measures for [Non-Commercial Organisations] NCOs”, was incorporated in the bill. If adopted, this Article would violate a number of international and regional standards related to freedom of association and result in additional burdens for the Kyrgyz civil society.
Kyrgyzstan to amend extremist and electronic correspondence laws (April 2013)
The Ministry of Internal Affairs is advocating changes in the law to impose liability for extremism online. The ministry would like to amend two laws: the law on fighting extremism and the law on electronic and mail correspondence. However, oftentimes information is hosted outside of Kyrgyz servers, and it is impossible to bring to court people who are spreading extremist materials through social networks from outside the country.
Nookat Idrisov: The destiny of NGO sector will depend on Prime-minister’s decision if the bill on Foreign Gratuitous Aid will be adopted
“A new law on foreign funding of NCOs is not needed”, Daniar Terbishaliev, parliamentarianThe foregoing information was collected by ICNL and the ICNL, LLC Legal Advisor based in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.